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INDIAN EDUCATION COMMISSION (HUNTER COMMISSION 1882) The commission came in existence in the year 1882 after British Parliament appointed Lord Ripon who forced his responsibility to check and investigate his question to develop Primary Education of poor section in front of the Executive Body of the Organization. To prove his words true on Primary Education he appointed Sir William Hunter the main member of commission on 3 February 1882. This commission was called (The Hunter Commission) after the name of Sir William Hunter. There were 20 members in all who had to give the suggestions on the whole educational progress. Out of these 20 members 7 members were Indians. 1. Sri Sayeyad Mahmood 2. Sri Bhudev Mukerjee 3. Sri Anand Mohan Bose 4. Sri T.T. Tailang 5. Sri P. Ranganand Mudaliar 6. Maharaj Jitendra Tagore 7. Haji Tyulam RECOMMENDATIONS AND SUGGESTIONS OF THE HUNTER COMMISSION I.PRIMARY EDUCATION Policy of Primary Education- a) Aims of Primary Education i) Spread of Mass Education ii) Useful for General Life iii) Inclusion of Useful subjects b) Medium of Education- Regional Language and Indian Language c) Legislation and Administration – District Board and Municipal Board d) Curriculum of Primary Education –Syllabus of the following subjects i) Physics ii) Geometry iii) Medical Science iv) Accountancy v) Agriculture e) Finance - i) Special Primary funds ii)Separation of fund iii) Utilization of local funds f)Teacher’s Training – i) Opening of training school in such a place where they can fulfil all the local demands. ii) At least one normal school should be established under every examiner. iii) The money should be sanctioned for the Primary Education Fund by the Provisional Government should be kept for the inspection and coordination of the Primary Schools. II. INDEGENOUS EDUCATION The commission gave the following suggestions 1. No Restriction for Admission – 2. Administration –The Indigenous schools should be given State help. 3. Curriculum –There should not be interference of Government in application of Curriculum. 4. Scholarship- Scholarship should be given to the students seeking admission in these schools. III SECONDRY EDUCATION 1. Model High Schools – Model high Schools are the schools where people can’t open schools, and then it’s the duty of the government to open these schools. At least one school should be opened in each district. 2. Bifurcation in Curriculum- I) A Course – For those students who are interested in higher education II) B Course- For those who want to learn some kind of business after completing Intermediate Education 3. Medium of instruction- Mainly English. 4. Teachers Training –Before the appointment of the commission there were only two Training Centres all over India. One was in Lahore and the other was in Madras. The commission stressed the need for the various training centres and stressed on the formation of more training centres.
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