Topic: Crisis in Water Resources
Country: The United States of America
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a
federal district. The country is situated mostly in central North America between the
Pacific and Atlantic Oceans. At 9.83 million km2 with over 308 million people, the
United States is the third largest country by total area, by land area and by population.
The current President of USA is Barack Obama. As a Democratic Senator, he was elected
the first black president of the United States in an historic election in November 2008.
The USA is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations.It has the
largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world, with an estimated 2009
GDP of $14.3 trillion. It accounts for close to a quarter of nominal global GDP and one-
fifth of global GDP at purchasing power parity. The United States is the largest importer
of goods and third largest exporter. Canada, China, Mexico, Japan, and Germany are its
top trading partners. The United States ranks second in the Global Competitiveness
Report. In this market-oriented economy, private individuals and business firms make
most of the decisions, and the federal and state governments buy needed goods and
services predominantly in the private marketplace.
US firms are at or near the forefront in technological advances, especially in computers and
in medical, aerospace, and military equipment. Thus it is not surprising that the USA is
also the world's foremost military power, with global interests and an unmatched global
reach. Its military budget is reckoned to be almost as much as the rest of the world's
defence spending put together.
The two most traumatic experiences in the nation's history were the Civil War (1861-65), in
which a northern Union of states defeated a secessionist Confederacy of 11 southern
slave states, and the Great Depression of the 1930s, an economic downturn during which
about a quarter of the labor force lost its jobs. Buoyed by victories in World Wars I and II
and the end of the Cold War in 1991, the US remains the world's most powerful nation
state. Over a span of more than five decades, the economy has achieved steady growth,
low unemployment and inflation, and rapid advances in technology.
However, the terrorist attacks of September 11 2001 had a momentous impact as the country
continued to re-define its role as the world's only superpower.
In October 2001 the US led a military campaign in Afghanistan which unseated the Taliban
In March 2003 Washington initiated military action in Iraq which led to the toppling of the
Iraqi leader. The war and the subsequent occupation of Iraq, required major shifts in
national resources to the military. Soaring oil prices between 2005 and the first half of
2008 threatened inflation and unemployment, as higher gasoline prices ate into
consumers' budgets. Imported oil accounts for about 60% of US consumption.
US foreign policy has often mixed the idealism of its "mission" to spread democracy with the
pursuit of national self-interest. Given America's leading role on the international stage,
its foreign policy aims and actions are likely to remain the subject of heated debate and
criticism, as well as praise.
The total freshwater withdrawal in USA is 477 cubic km per year, i.e. 1600 m3 per capita, in
which domestic use accounts for 13%, industrial use 46% and agricultural use 41%. There
is 664,709 km2 of water, and a coastline of 19,924 km in length. The total renewable
water resources are 3,069 km3.
An unprecedented water crisis of catastrophic proportions is going to explode.
Approximately one-third of people on the planet don't have access to clean healthy water
while 25% children die from the lack of it. With burgeoning growth in world population
which grows by 80 million people each year, meaning larger water demand, the finite
source of water relatively becomes strained. Besides, industrialization, irrigated
agriculture, massive urbanization, rising standards of living, are also pushing the
demand for freshwater to new heights, undermining the already fragile water security for
many nations. Despite these statistics, humanity has not been fully exploiting these
water resources. In 2009, only 9% of world source fresh water has been utilized despite
the fact that planet that has 70 % of the planet’s surface covered with water. Albeit water
security is an elusive concept, consensus is beginning to emerge in the world community
as to its dimensions, its parameters, and the best approaches for its achievement.
Unequal distribution of water supply in the world has always been a major challenge. A
2006 United Nations report focuses on issues of governance as the core of the water
crisis, saying "There is enough water for everyone" and "Water insufficiency is often due
to mismanagement, corruption, lack of appropriate institutions, ...bureaucratic inertia
and a shortage of investment in both human capacity and physical infrastructure".
The delegations of USA believe that as a big country, it is our obligation and duty to help
mitigate the issue. As such, the role of lending a helping hand shall be carried out. To
help developing countries and less developed countries to stand up on their own, it is our
believe that technology assistance is crucial in making fundamental agricultural and
industrial changes. Equipped with advanced technology, US scientists will, upon
agreement, go to the concerned countries, to assist in water development projects. In
exchange, labour with a university degree be transported to work in USA so as to yield
In view of different countries’ internal struggle with poverty, USA is hence willing to alleviate
this burden by selling goods to them, fostering friendship while becoming trading
partners at the same time. Countries should recognize that in return, natural resources
with an exclusively cheap price be set; and tariffs for US companies be removed. Trade
keeps economy open, dynamic, and competitive, besides widening
the diversity of products for purchase by consumers and business. The U.S. is the world's
largest trading nation. In 2009, exports of goods and services of nearly $1.6 trillion are
attained. In view of the larger cause of the threatening water crisis, the delegations of
USA hereby urges fellow developing countries to drop their current protectionist barriers
and embrace international economic cooperation. As problems encountered by a country
are often inter-related and intertwined, it should be noted that a full comprehensive
reform policy in both technological and economical aspects are seek.
Economic development is of paramount importance to a country, as it is an indicator of its
worth. It is also the engine of kick starting and developing water development projects.
Noting the fact with deep concern, USA believes that only with close economic
development, fuelled by mutual benefits, will there be hope for solving the global water
And for that to happen, prejudices must be put down for the greater good. Under such
condition, USA looks forward to offering its support for other countries so as to build a
better future, with the first and foremost water crisis issue tackled.