INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Podpora rozvoje cizích jazyků pro Evropu 21. stol. Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky. Past simple or continuous http://www.englishtenseswithcartoons.com/tenses/ past_continuous Past simple He speaks English. He spoke English. They know me well. They knew me well. We travel to Paris. We travelled to Paris. She doesn't go to school. She didn't go to school. Peter doesn't bring anything. Peter didn't bring anything. I don't find it difficult. I didn't find it difficult. Do you sleep well? Did you sleep well? Does she hear you? Did she hear you? Who makes noise? Who made noise? How far do they drive? How far did they drive? Past continuous He speaks English. He was speaking English. They know me well. not possible We travel to Paris. We were traveling to Paris. She doesn't go to school. She wasn't going to school. Peter doesn't carry anything. Peter wasn't carrying anything. I don't find it difficult. not possible Do you sleep well? Were you sleeping well? Does she hear you? not possible Who makes noise? Who was making noise? How far do they drive? How far were they driving? Differences in meaning She cooked dinner. She was cooking dinner It rained. It was raining yesterday afternoon. I read five books. I was reading five books at the same time. I cut my finger. I was cutting my finger. Grammar practice http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/pastsimpleorcontinuous/men u.php Past simple • USE 1: • Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an Completed action started and finished at a specific time in Action in the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not the Past actually mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind. • USE 2: Series of • We use the Simple Past to list a series of Completed completed actions in the past. These actions Actions happen 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and so on. Past simple • USE 3 • The Simple Past can be used with a duration Duration in Past which starts and stops in the past. A duration is a longer action often indicated by expressions such as: for two years, for five minutes, all day, all year, etc. • USE 4 • The Simple Past can also be used to Habits in the Past describe a habit which stopped in the past. It can have the same meaning as "used to." To make it clear that we are talking about a habit, we often add expressions such as: always, often, usually, never, when I was a child, when I was younger, etc Past continuous • USE 1 • Use the Past Continuous to indicate that a Interrupted Action longer action in the past was interrupted. in the Past The interruption is usually a shorter action in the Simple Past. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time. • USE 2 • In USE 1, described above, the Past Specific Time as Continuous is interrupted by a shorter an Interruption action in the Simple Past. However, you can also use a specific time as an interruption. • USE 3 Parallel • When you use the Past Continuous with Actions two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both actions were happening at the same time. The actions are parallel. Past continuous • USE 4 • In English, we often use a series of parallel Atmosphere actions to describe the atmosphere at a particular time in the past. • USE 5 • The Past Continuous with words such as Repetition "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea and Irritation that something irritating or shocking often with "Always" happened in the past. The concept is very similar to the expression "used to" but with negative emotion. Remember to put the words "always" or "constantly" between "be" and "verb+ing." INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ Tato výuková prezentace byla pořízena z finančních prostředků hrazených Evropským sociálním fondem a rozpočtem České republiky. Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky.
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