Past simple or continuous by 18Y1X32

VIEWS: 7 PAGES: 11

									              INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ




Podpora rozvoje cizích jazyků pro Evropu
                21. stol.



Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním
                       rozpočtem České republiky.
       Past simple or continuous




http://www.englishtenseswithcartoons.com/tenses/
                 past_continuous
                                 Past simple

   He speaks English.                   He spoke English.
   They know me well.                   They knew me well.
   We travel to Paris.                  We travelled to Paris.
   She doesn't go to school.            She didn't go to school.
   Peter doesn't bring anything.        Peter didn't bring anything.
   I don't find it difficult.           I didn't find it difficult.
   Do you sleep well?                   Did you sleep well?
   Does she hear you?                   Did she hear you?
   Who makes noise?                     Who made noise?
   How far do they drive?               How far did they drive?
                                 Past continuous

   He speaks English.                     He was speaking English.
   They know me well.                     not possible
   We travel to Paris.                    We were traveling to Paris.
   She doesn't go to school.              She wasn't going to school.
   Peter doesn't carry anything.          Peter wasn't carrying anything.
   I don't find it difficult.             not possible
   Do you sleep well?                     Were you sleeping well?
   Does she hear you?                     not possible
   Who makes noise?                       Who was making noise?
   How far do they drive?                 How far were they driving?
                       Differences in meaning

   She cooked dinner.                She was cooking dinner


   It rained.                        It was raining yesterday
                                       afternoon.

   I read five books.                I was reading five books at the
                                       same time.

   I cut my finger.                  I was cutting my finger.
                      Grammar practice

   http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/pastsimpleorcontinuous/men
    u.php
                    Past simple

•   USE 1:      •   Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an
    Completed       action started and finished at a specific time in
    Action in       the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not
    the Past        actually mention the specific time, but they do
                    have one specific time in mind.


•   USE 2:
    Series of   •   We use the Simple Past to list a series of
    Completed       completed actions in the past. These actions
    Actions         happen 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and so on.
                             Past simple

•   USE 3                •     The Simple Past can be used with a duration
    Duration in Past           which starts and stops in the past. A duration
                               is a longer action often indicated by
                               expressions such as: for two years, for five
                               minutes, all day, all year, etc.

•   USE 4                •     The Simple Past can also be used to
    Habits in the Past         describe a habit which stopped in the past. It
                               can have the same meaning as "used to." To
                               make it clear that we are talking about a
                               habit, we often add expressions such as:
                               always, often, usually, never, when I was a
                               child, when I was younger, etc
                         Past continuous

•   USE 1                 •   Use the Past Continuous to indicate that a
    Interrupted Action        longer action in the past was interrupted.
    in the Past               The interruption is usually a shorter action
                              in the Simple Past. Remember this can be
                              a real interruption or just an interruption in
                              time.
•   USE 2                 •   In USE 1, described above, the Past
    Specific Time as          Continuous is interrupted by a shorter
    an Interruption           action in the Simple Past. However, you
                              can also use a specific time as an
                              interruption.
•   USE 3 Parallel        •   When you use the Past Continuous with
    Actions                   two actions in the same sentence, it
                              expresses the idea that both actions were
                              happening at the same time. The actions
                              are parallel.
                     Past continuous

•   USE 4            •   In English, we often use a series of parallel
    Atmosphere           actions to describe the atmosphere at a
                         particular time in the past.

•   USE 5            •   The Past Continuous with words such as
    Repetition           "always" or "constantly" expresses the idea
    and Irritation       that something irritating or shocking often
    with "Always"        happened in the past. The concept is very
                         similar to the expression "used to" but with
                         negative emotion. Remember to put the words
                         "always" or "constantly" between "be" and
                         "verb+ing."
              INVESTICE DO ROZVOJE VZDĚLÁVÁNÍ




Tato výuková prezentace byla pořízena z finančních
prostředků hrazených Evropským sociálním fondem
           a rozpočtem České republiky.



Tento projekt je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním
                       rozpočtem České republiky.

								
To top