Southern Slave Society by XcXvW6Kj

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									   Southern
 Slavery: Race
  Relations in
the Old South,
  1820-1860
Map of the Old South
         Questions for Today…

1) How did slavery shape social and economic
  relations in the Old South?

2) What were the foundations of slave culture?

3) What were the major forms of slave resistance?
By divorcing the economic motivations for
slavery from questions of morality, white
Southerners created a social system that
(paradoxically) applauded freedom for white
men while constantly maintaining the
inferiority of enslaved African Americans.
Slave Coffle in Central Africa
Slave Ship
Schematic
  Horrors of the Middle Passage
“They are frequently stowed so close, as to admit of no
other position than lying on their sides. Nor will the
height between decks, unless directly under the grating,
permit the indulgence of an erect posture…. The deck,
that is the floor of their rooms, was so covered with the
blood and mucus which had proceeded from them in
consequence of the flux, that it resembled a slaughter-
house. It is not in the power of the human imagination
to picture a situation more dreadful or disgusting.”

                               Alexander Falconbridge, 1788
 The Status of
Slavery in 1800
           Solidifying Slavery
• Cotton gin
 Enslaved
 Woman in
Cotton Field
Cotton Gin
            Solidifying Slavery
• Cotton gin

• Slave codes
              Solidifying Slavery
• Cotton gin

• Slave codes
     • Slaves = property
             Solidifying Slavery
• Cotton gin

• Slave codes
     • Slaves = property
     • Law should protect property owners
              Solidifying Slavery
• Cotton gin

• Slave codes
     • Slaves = property
     • Law should protect property owners
     • Law should protect whites from slaves
                 Slaves…
…had no standing in court

…could not testify against a white person

…could not possess firearms

…could not strike a white person

…could not travel without a pass
Branding Irons
            Solidifying Slavery
• Cotton gin

• Slave codes

• Slaveowners’ privileged status
Oak Alley Plantation, Louisiana
Enslaved Women Processing Pork
Restored Slave Cabin in South Carolina
Life in the Slave Quarters
Slave Chapel in South Carolina
   Signs of
Physical Abuse
 Slave
Auction
House in
Atlanta
agency—the capacity of human
beings to act for themselves and to
shape their own future
Slave Rebellions, 1800-1831
Nat Turner
                   Summary
• Slavery shaped all aspects of life in the South,
  for both white and black Americans
                   Summary
• Slavery shaped all aspects of life in the South,
  for both white and black Americans
• Slaveholders eagerly solidified the slave system
  because, by doing so, they strengthened their
  place as the ruling class in the South
                   Summary
• Slavery shaped all aspects of life in the South,
  for both white and black Americans
• Slaveholders eagerly solidified the slave system
  because, by doing so, they strengthened their
  place as the ruling class in the South
• Slaves created a distinctly African-American
  culture, a blend of African and Southern
  societies
                   Summary
• Slavery shaped all aspects of life in the South,
  for both white and black Americans
• Slaveholders eagerly solidified the slave system
  because, by doing so, they strengthened their
  place as the ruling class in the South
• Slaves created a distinctly African-American
  culture, a blend of African and Southern
  societies
• Slaves demonstrated agency by resisting their
  owners in passive and/or violent ways

								
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