"Physics � Motion - DOC"
SNC 2D Exam Review Name: Chemistry 1. Fill in the following table with the family that the elements are part of and if they are a metal or non metal. Element Name Family Metal/Non metal Hg Kr Mg Cl Na Ho Holonium Es Einsteinium 2. Draw Lewis Dot Diagrams for the following elements. a) N b) Si c) Ca d) Na a) P g) Cl 3. Are the following ionic or covalent bonds a) MgS b) Hg3N c) PCH4 d) Cu3N2 e) H2O f) ZnS g) KBr h) HCl i) AlN j) BrCl k) MnS l) NH3 4. What are the characteristics of ionic bonds vs covalent bonds? 5. Fill in the following chart. Element Atomic Atomic Mass # of Protons # of Electrons # of Neutrons Number Mg Cl 6 12 9 10 8. Which family would the following elements be a part of a) Fe b) Sr c) Ar d) Ne e) Fr f) Rb g) Ra h) Li i) Cl j) Pt k) Es l) At 9. What are the 11 elements that are gases 10. What are the 2 elements that are liquids. 11.Name the following chemicals from their formula a) CuF2 b) Ba3As2 c) Al2(SO4)3 d) Mg(NO3)2 e) Al2(SO4)3 f) Ba(NO3)2 g) Ba(OH)2 h) K(OH) i) Na(OH) j) CO2 k) Li2S l) SBr4 m) Al2O3 n) PH3 o) BeCl2 p) CaBr2 q) NO2 r) PCl3 s) P2S5 t) PbO2 u) NiCl2 v) Hg3(PO4)2 w) MnSO4 x) Fe2(SO3)3 12. What is the chemical formula for the following chemical names a) Calcium Fluoride b) Zinc Arsenide c) Magnesium Chloride d) Aluminum Bromide e) Nitrogen Trihydride f) Aluminum Nitrate g) Boron Carbonite h) Silver Hyposulfite i) Zinc Perbromate j) Calcium Chlorate k) beryllium fluoride l) calcium sulphide m)lithium nitride n) sodium chloride o) aluminum oxide p) Tin (II) Sulfite q) Copper (I) Carbonate r) Nickel (III) Chlorite s) Gold (III) Phosphate t) Lead (IV) Oxide u) Manganese (II) Perbromate v) Chromium (II) Hypoiodite 13. Balance the following equations. a) Fe + O2 Fe3O4 b) FeS + O2 Fe2O3 + SO2 c) AsBr3 + H2 S As2S3 + HBr d) Hg + O2 HgO e) C4H10 + O2 CO2 + H2O f) H2 + P PH3 g) Mg + O2 MgO h) HCl + NaOH NaCl + H2O i) NH3 + H2SO4 (NH4)2SO4 j) HgO Hg + O2 k) Mg + HCl MgCl2 + H2 l) Na2O Na + O2 m) Fe(OH)3 + H2SO3 Fe2(SO3)3 + H 2O n) KI + Pb(NO3)2 PbI2 + KNO3 14. What is a(n): a) acid: b) base: c) indicator: 15. What are the properties of acids and bases Acids Bases 16. Are the following ionic or covalent bonds. Draw the bond (Lewis Structures) a) CaCl2 b) H2O c) Al2S3 d) NH3 e) SF2 f) MgO g) N2 h) Li3P 17. What types of chemical reactions are the following? a) Na + H2O NaOH + H2 b) Mg + HCl MgCl2 + H2 c) KClO3 KCl + O2 d) C3H8 + O2 CO2 + H2O e) Al + H2SO4 Al2(SO4)3 + H2 f) Fe2O3 + C Fe + CO2 g) Fe(OH)3 + H2SO4 Fe2(SO4)3 + H2O h) CaC2 + H2O Ca(OH)2 + C2H2 i) CH3OH + O2 CO2 + H2O j) Mg + O2 MgO k) CO2 + H2O H2CO3 l) HgO Hg + O2 m) NH3 + H2SO4 (NH4)2SO4 n) KI + Pb(NO3)2 PbI2 + KNO3 o) Fe + CuSO4 Cu + Fe2(SO4)3 p) CaCO3 CaO + CO2 q) Mg(OH)2 + HNO3 Mg(NO3)2 + H2O r) H2O + SO3 H2SO4 s) FeCl3 + NaOH Fe(OH)3 + NaCl t) Cl2 + ZnI2 ZnCl2 + I2 u) H2SO4 + Mg MgSO4 + H2 v) K2O + H2O KOH w) NaClO3 NaCl + O2 18. Write balanced chemical reactions for the following a) Metallic iron III was heated with solid sulphur to form a single solid sulphide. b) Potassium metal was burned in oxygen gas to produce a solid oxide. c) Solid silicon was burned in pure bromine gas to form a single solid product. d) Solid arsenic with a valence of 5 was burned in oxygen gas to produce a single solid white powder. e) When a spark was passed through a mixture of nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas, the resulting explosion produced a single gaseous product. f) When hot carbon monoxide is passed over iron ore (iron III oxide), MOLTEN iron and carbon dioxide are produced. g) Phosphorus powder in valence state V is completely oxideized in pure oxygen gas to produce fine white powder. h) Solid sulphur (IV) is burned in oxygen gas to produce a strong smelling gas. i) The solid oxide of magnesium is dissolved in water causing BTB to turn blue when added to the resulting solution. j) Arsenic V oxide powder is dissolved in water to form an acid similar to phosphoric acid. k) Calcium metal is added to water. A gas is produced that pops when a burning splint is inserted. BTB turns blue when added to the water. l) Lithium metal when added to water melts, ignites and produces small explosions, BTB turns blue when added to the water. m) Magnesium metal added to hydrochloric acid produces an explosive gas and a soluble binary compound. n) When zinc metal is added to hydrochloric acid, a gas is released. This gas is the same gas that is produced when all metals react with an acid or with water. o) A solution of copper II chloride is poured over pieces of lead. The lead rapidly takes on a crusty appearance and the blue colour of the copper ion solution fades. p) Hot steam passed over pure carbon powder produces carbon monoxide and hydrogen gas. 19. What factors can effect the rate of reaction. Explain how each factor will either increase or decrease the rate of reaction. Biology 1. Use the following food chain to answer the following questions. Seaweed Shrimp Fish Shark a) What is the producer? b) What is the top carnivore? c) What is the trophic level of the top carnivore? d) Is this an aquatic or terrestrial food chain? e) What would you need to add to make it an energy chain? f) What is at the 3rd trophic level? g) What is at the 2nd consumer? h) What is the herbivore? 2. Look at the following food chain. Grass Mice Eagles a) What would happen to the mice population if there was a lot of grass. b) What would happen to the mice population if there was a large population of eagles. c) What would happen to the mice population if there was a small population of eagles. d) What would happen to the grass population if there is a lot of mice. e) What would happen to the grass population if there is a lot of eagles. f) What would happen to the eagle population if there is a lot of mice. g) What would happen to the eagle population if there is a small amount of mice. h) What would happen to the eagle population if there is a lot of grass. i) What would happen to the eagle population if there is a small amount of grass. 4. Look at the Food web and answer the following questions. Eagles Racoons Snakes Frogs Grasshoppers Grass a) What are the two primary consumers? i) ii) b) Which is the top carnivore? c) Which is an omnivore? d) Which organism can be at the third trophic level? e) What would happen if there was no more grass? 5. Look at the following food chain to answer the following questions. Berries Racoon Wolf j) Where would DDT enter this food chain? k) Which organism would have the most DDT? l) Could DDT kill this entire food chain? 6. What is the equation for respiration? 7. What is the equation for photosynthesis? 8. What is the difference between the two equations? 9. Look at the following food web and answer the following questions. Bass Wolf Trout Snake Crayfish Water Spider Weasel Minnow Paramecium Rabbit Mouse Algea Wheat Grass a) Where are the producers in the food web? b) How many producers are there? c) How many primary consumers are there? d) Which is an omnivore? e) Which ones are the top carnivore? f) Write one of the food chains in this food web. g) What would happen if there was no more sunlight and all the producers died? 10. What is the purpose of Decomposers? 11. What do plants need to live? 12. There are 3 ways to get Nitrogen back into the soil. What are they? 13. What are the three types of bacteria in the Nitrogen Cycle and what do they do? 14. Why do we need the Nitrogen cycle? 15. Describe the Carbon Cycle 16. What are the three types of soil and describe them. 17. What is the mixtures that are in the following types of ecosystems. Grasslands Forests Desert 19. Draw a pyramid of numbers if there are 15000 grass being eaten by 2000 Rabbits being eaten by 2 hawks. 20. Draw a pyramid of energy if there is grass being eaten by rabbits and rabbits being eaten by hawks. 21. Describe the water cycle. 22. How is acid rain produced 23. Describe the following words and include a specific example. a) Biosphere b) Biome c) Ecosystem d) Community e) Population f) Organism g) Organ system h) Organ i) Tissue j) Cell 24. Describe how many of j) makes I) and many of I) makes h) ect. 25. What are the equations for respiration and photosynthesis, when and who uses them and what organelle is required for them to be used. 26. What is bioamplification and give an example. 27. What is the difference between biotic and abiotic 28. What is the difference between habitat and niche? 29. Describe what can be found in the following biomes a) Boreal b) Grassland c) Tundra d) Temperate Deciduous Forest 30. What is carrying capacity and explain using an example. Physics 1. Convert the following values to new units. Convert to 1025 m km 0.6 mm cm 880 km/h m/s 3.4 km mm 445 cm mm 60000 m/s km/h 42.8 dm m 77 km/h m/s 6 m/s km/h 2. What is the change in distance if a cat starts at 20 m and ends at 63 m? 3. What is the change in time if a dog starts at 1.9 s and ends at 4.5 s? 4. What is the velocity of a boat if the change in time is 8 s and the distance travelled is 80 m? 5. A car travels 73km for 0.80 hours. Find the average velocity of the car. 6. How long will it take a runner to travel 1500 m at an average velocity of 6.9 m/s? 7. A runner started at 4.2m at 15s on the race track and finished the race at 6.9m and 34s. What is the racer’s displacement and time change? 8. A car ended his race at 25 km but only competed 15km of the race. He began at 1.3 hours and only raced for 0.78 hours. What was his initial distance and initial time? 9. A boat started at 5 km off the shore and travelled for a total of 43 km. What was the finish distance? If they started at 7 min and continued for 22 min, what is the finish time? 10. What is the difference between distance and displacement? . 11. Find the distance and displacement of the following diagrams Start B D A Finish C From: To Distance Displacement RCS Direction Compass Direction From: Start To: A From: A To: B From: B To: C From: C To: D From: D To: Finish From: Start To: Finish From: A To: D From: C To: Start 11. Find the Compass and RCS direction for the following. RCS Compass RCS Compass 12. If a bear’s change of time is 45 s and its change of distance is 35 m to the left, what is it’s average velocity? 13. Draw a graph for the following chart. Position (m) Time (s) 0 0 50 3 100 6 200 9 150 12 0 15 -100 18 -50 21 50 24 150 27 From your graph, find a) Find the average velocity from t=6s to t=12s b) Find the average velocity from t=3s to t=26s c) Find the average velocity from t=5s to t=12s d) Find the average velocity from t=0s to t=27s 14. A runner ran a race where his change in velocity was -9 m/s for a change in time of 22 seconds. What was the runner’s acceleration? 15. A boat started a race with a velocity of 3.7 m/s at a time of 900 s and finished the race with a velocity of 5.9 m/s at a time of 907 s. What was the acceleration of the boat? 16. A car started a race at 785 m after the starting line at 3.4 s and finished the race at 200m after the starting line at 8.3s. What is the acceleration of the car if the car started from rest? 17. During a race, the final velocity of the swimmer was 0.8 m/s and it’s final time was 45 s. If the acceleration of the race was 2.6 m/s2 and the initial time was 19 s, what is the swimmer’s initial velocity? 18. If a car has an acceleration of 26 m/s 2 but started the race at 45 seconds and finished the race at 78 seconds, what is the change in distance of the car? Assume it starts from rest. 19. Draw a distance time graph that represents a) no motion b) constant forward motion c) constant backwards motion d) increasing velocity 20. Draw a velocity time graph that represents a) no motion b) constant forward motion c) constant backwards motion d) increasing velocity Weather 1. List and Describe the 5 layers of atmosphere that make up the earth’s surface? 2. What are the causes of the “greenhouse effect”? What effects does it have on our environment? What can be done to prevent it? 3. What is acid rain? Explain and describe two causes of acid rain, using chemical processes when necessary? How does acid rain effect our ecosystem? 4. Name and describe the 4 major types of cloud systems. 5. Explain what happens to atmospheric pressure as you go up a mountain as compared to a valley. 6. What is the difference between the 3 types of heat transfer (Conduction, convection, and Radiation)?