22216 Drive a heavy rigid goods service vehicle in a safe and fuel

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22216 Drive a heavy rigid goods service vehicle in a safe and fuel Powered By Docstoc
					NZQA Expiring unit standard                                                       22216 version 2
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Title             Drive a heavy rigid goods service vehicle in a safe and fuel efficient
                  manner

Level             4                             Credits           10


Purpose                       This unit standard recognises the skills and knowledge beyond
                              those required to obtain a full Class 4 driver licence.

                              People credited with this unit standard are able to: explain
                              factors that influence safe and efficient driving; explain the
                              operating characteristics of heavy rigid motor vehicle systems
                              in relation to safe and efficient driving; and demonstrate safe
                              and efficient driving techniques in a heavy rigid motor vehicle.


Classification                Commercial Road Transport > Goods Service


Available grade               Achieved


Entry information

Critical health and
                              Candidates must hold a Full Class 4 licence.
safety prerequisites


Explanatory notes

1       Legal requirements to be complied with include:
        Health and Safety in Employment Act 1992;
        Heavy Motor Vehicle Regulations 1974;
        Land Transport Act 1998;
        Land Transport (Driver Licensing) Rule 1999;
        Land Transport (Road User) Rule 2004.

2       Any new, amended, or replacement Acts, regulations, Rules, standards, codes of
        practice or Land Transport New Zealand requirements or conditions affecting the
        outcome of this unit standard will take precedence for assessment purposes, pending
        review of this unit standard.

3       Definitions
        Defensive driving means the use of driving techniques that enable a driver to
        maintain safe control of the vehicle despite the actions of others and the prevailing
        driving environment;
        Drive means to operate or to use the vehicle on a road and includes all the tasks
        associated with driving such as pre-use and post-use procedures;
        Dynamics of a heavy rigid vehicle means the motion of the vehicle, and the
        interaction of the various physical forces that affect that motion;
Tranzqual ITO                                              New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2012
SSB Code 101778
NZQA Expiring unit standard                                                      22216 version 2
                                                                                     Page 2 of 6

      Efficient driving means using driving techniques that ensure that vehicle movements
      are completed in a timely manner and are fuel efficient;
      A hazard is anything that is, or has the potential to be, dangerous to the operation of
      the vehicle, its load, or other road users;
      Safe driving includes driving without contact with obstacles; injury to persons or
      animals; damage to property or the environment, facilities and/or freight; in a manner
      that is courteous to other road users; in compliance with the law; and within the limits
      of the vehicle and road dimensions;
      Space management is the control of a safe operating space around a vehicle and
      includes the application of the four and twelve second rules;
      Speed management means appropriate control of vehicle speed for the prevailing
      driving conditions and includes compliance with posted speed limits;
      Straight line reversing requires the driver to reverse the vehicle in a straight line for a
      minimum distance of four vehicle lengths with minimal steering inputs to maintain the
      straight line;
      The system of vehicle control is a way of approaching and negotiating hazards that is
      methodical, safe, and leaves nothing to chance.

4     Practical driving assessments are to be conducted in a heavy rigid goods service
      vehicle that requires a Class 4 licence and weighs at least 50% of its Gross
      Combination Mass (GCM) as shown on the vehicle’s Certificate of Loading. The
      vehicle is to be driven in urban and highway environments in two periods of at least
      two hours each, one with a minimum of one hour during the hours of darkness.

5     Industry health and safety guidelines are contained in Guide to Health and Safety in
      Road Transport (Wellington; Accident Compensation Corporation, November 2004),
      available at http://www.acc.co.nz or from the Road Transport Forum NZ, PO Box
      1778, Wellington.

Outcomes and evidence requirements
Outcome 1

Explain factors that influence safe and efficient driving.

Evidence requirements

1.1        The explanation includes driver factors that influence safe driving.

           Range          includes but is not limited to – driver attitude, fatigue management,
                          compliance with driving hours rules, driver health including sleep
                          deprivation and disorders, non-work related activities, use of
                          prescription and non-prescription drugs, use of alcohol, drink-
                          driving, medical condition, driver familiarisation with the vehicle,
                          vehicle pre-use and en route checks.

1.2        The explanation includes vehicle factors that influence safe driving.

           Range          includes but is not limited to – design, dynamics (both laden and
                          unladen), stability, maintenance.



Tranzqual ITO                                             New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2012
SSB Code 101778
NZQA Expiring unit standard                                                    22216 version 2
                                                                                   Page 3 of 6

1.3        The explanation includes driving techniques in terms of their contribution to safe
           and efficient driving.

           Range        includes but is not limited to – the system of vehicle control, speed
                        management, space management, hazard detection, operation of
                        vehicle controls, night driving, route planning, courtesy to other
                        road users, cornering techniques, progressive shifting, braking,
                        management of power, fuel efficiency.

1.4        The explanation includes the relationship between defensive driving, fuel
           efficient driving, crash reduction and repair and maintenance costs.

1.5        The explanation includes the impact of motor vehicle crashes on personal and
           financial situations.

           Range        includes but is not limited to – driver, families, other road users,
                        the economy of New Zealand, own organisation, customers, the
                        road transport industry.

1.6        The explanation includes the impact of internal vehicle distractions and hazards
           on safe and efficient driving.

           Range        includes but is not limited to – passengers, fitted equipment,
                        temperature control, seating posture, vehicle cab housekeeping.

Outcome 2

Explain the operating characteristics of heavy rigid motor vehicle systems in relation to
safe and efficient driving.

Evidence requirements

2.1        Types of engines are explained in terms of efficient vehicle operation.

           Range        electronic, non-electronic.

2.2        Types of transmission are explained in terms of efficient operation and vehicle
           control.

           Range        manually operated constant mesh non-synchromesh, automated
                        constant mesh non-synchromesh, synchromesh, fully automatic.

2.3        Traction control systems are explained in terms of safe vehicle control.

           Range        includes but is not limited to – differential locks, anti-skid reduction.




Tranzqual ITO                                           New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2012
SSB Code 101778
NZQA Expiring unit standard                                                     22216 version 2
                                                                                    Page 4 of 6

2.4       Types of brakes and braking systems are explained in terms of vehicle
          performance, handling, and safe driving.

          Range         includes but is not limited to – disc, drum, anti-lock, auxiliary
                        braking systems;
                        auxiliary braking systems include – exhaust, engine, hydraulic,
                        electro-magnetic.

2.5       The explanation of braking system maintenance requirements is in accordance
          with manufacturer’s specifications and includes the effect of braking system
          maintenance on safe driving practice.

          Range         includes but is not limited to – draining of air tanks, brake
                        adjustment.

2.6       The explanation includes common suspension types in terms of vehicle
          dynamics.

          Range         includes but is not limited to – air, leaf spring.

Outcome 3

Demonstrate safe and efficient driving techniques in a heavy rigid motor vehicle.

Evidence requirements

3.1       Pre-use and en route checks of the vehicle ensure the vehicle and its load
          comply with the legal requirements for road use.

          Range         includes but is not limited to – certificates and documentation,
                        vehicle systems, load distribution, load restraints, load security.

3.2       Driving techniques used demonstrate safe and efficient driving.

          Range         includes but is not limited to – the system of vehicle control,
                        cornering techniques, speed management, space management,
                        hazard detection, route planning, operation of vehicle controls,
                        night driving, courtesy to other road users, progressive shifting,
                        braking, parking, management of engine power, negotiating
                        ascents and descents.

3.3       Driving techniques used are consistent with the condition of the vehicle and its
          load in terms of safe and efficient driving.

          Range         includes but is not limited to – the operating characteristics of the
                        vehicle, vehicle stability, the driving environment, the physical in-
                        cab environment.




Tranzqual ITO                                            New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2012
SSB Code 101778
NZQA Expiring unit standard                                                    22216 version 2
                                                                                   Page 5 of 6

3.4       Management of internal vehicle hazards and distractions ensures that driver
          focus remains on safe and efficient driving.

          Range         includes but is not limited to – fitted equipment, passengers,
                        temperature control, seating posture, vehicle cab housekeeping.

3.5       Driving hours and completion of logbook entries comply with legal requirements.

          Range         three completed driver logbooks from the twelve months
                        immediately preceding the date of assessment.

3.6       Safe work practices are applied in accordance with industry health and safety
          guidelines and legal requirements.

3.7       Vehicle is reversed safely and in a fuel efficient manner.

          Range         to a predetermined point, in a straight line, to the left.




Replacement information           This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard
                                  26777.


This unit standard is expiring. Assessment against the standard must take place by
the last date for assessment set out below.

Status information and last date for assessment for superseded versions
Process          Version Date                           Last Date for Assessment
Registration       1           25 October 2005                   31 December 2012
Review             2           22 October 2010                   31 December 2012

Accreditation and Moderation Action Plan (AMAP) reference         0092
This AMAP can be accessed at http://www.nzqa.govt.nz/framework/search/index.do.

Please note
Providers must be granted consent to assess against standards (accredited) by NZQA, or
an inter-institutional body with delegated authority for quality assurance, before they can
report credits from assessment against unit standards or deliver courses of study leading
to that assessment.

Industry Training Organisations must be granted consent to assess against standards by
NZQA before they can register credits from assessment against unit standards.

Providers and Industry Training Organisations, which have been granted consent and
which are assessing against unit standards must engage with the moderation system that
applies to those standards.

Consent requirements and an outline of the moderation system that applies to this
standard are outlined in the Accreditation and Moderation Action Plan (AMAP). The
Tranzqual ITO                                           New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2012
SSB Code 101778
NZQA Expiring unit standard                                                22216 version 2
                                                                               Page 6 of 6

AMAP also includes useful information about special requirements for organisations
wishing to develop education and training programmes, such as minimum qualifications for
tutors and assessors, and special resource requirements.




Tranzqual ITO                                       New Zealand Qualifications Authority 2012
SSB Code 101778

				
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