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WHEN A HURRICANE STRIKES . . .
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Hurricanes are a natural part of living on the Carolina coast. The warm Atlantic waters attract tourists and residents
alike to our beautiful beaches. Those same warm waters also bring the potential for disaster. When Hurricane Season
approaches, preparedness is the key to survival. This guide will provide you with the information you need to prepare
yourself, your family and your property before a hurricane approaches.
And when tropical systems do threaten the Carolina coast, the First Alert Weather Team is your source for hurricane
information. Robb Ellis, Eric Davis and Colin Hackman are committed to bringing you the latest updates and forecasts
that are detailed and accurate. Our First Alert Digital Doppler gives us the tools to keep Carolinians safe. We’ll
provide the vital information you need to protect your family and property.
Thank you for making the First Alert Weather Team your choice to help weather this Hurricane Season.
2010 Hurricane Survival Guide
Introduction ..................................... 3 General Manager Gary McNair WECT
Hurricane Basics .............................. 4 General Sales Manager Mark Mendenhall 322 Shipyard Boulevard
Hurricane Names & Classifications...... 5 News Director Scott Saxton Wilmington, NC 28412
Keys to Hurricane Survival.................. 8 Creative Services Director David Toma
News Production Manager Tom Cheatham Phone 910.791.8070
Tracking Map ................................... 10 Chief Engineer Dan Ullmer Fax 910.392.1509
Survival Checklist .............................. 15
Evacuation and Shelter ...................... 16
Coordination by Eric Hine
2010 WECT Hurricane Survival Guide Layout & Design by Derek Arrington
Copyright © 2010 Raycom Media, Inc Cover Photography by Brownie Harris
Cover Design by David Toma/Jesse Bowman
A tropical cyclone is a low pressure system that has
thunderstorm activity and rotates counterclockwise;
a hurricane is the most severe form of this type of
meteorological phenomenon. The destructive force of
a hurricane extends over a wide area, requiring that
precautions be taken far from where the eye is predicted to
come ashore. Hurricane-force winds can extend outward to
about 25 miles from the storm center of a small hurricane and
more than 150 miles for a larger one. The range over which
tropical storm-force winds occur is even greater, ranging as
far out as almost 300 miles from the eye of a large hurricane.
A hurricane’s speed and path depend on complex ocean and
atmospheric interactions, including the presence or absence of
other weather patterns. This complexity makes it very difficult
to predict the speed and direction of a hurricane.
Saffir-SimpSon Hurricane Wind Scale
All hurricanes are dangerous, but some are more so than others. The way storm surge, wind, and other
factors combine determine the hurricane’s destructive power. To make comparisons easier, and to make the
predicted hazards of approaching hurricanes clearer to emergency forces, National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration’s hurricane forecasters use a disaster potential scale which assigns storms to five categories.
Category 1 is a minimal hurricane; category 5 is the worst case.
The category of the storm does not necessarily relate directly to the damage it will inflict. Lower category storms
(and even tropical storms) can cause substantial damage depending on what other weather features they interact
with, where they strike, and how slow they move.
74 mph No real damage to building structures. Damage primarily to unanchored mobile
to homes, shrubbery, and trees. Also, some coastal road flooding and minor pier
95 mph damage.
96 mph Some roofing material, door and window damage to buildings. Considerable damage
to to vegetation, mobile homes, and piers. Coastal and low-lying escape routes flood 2-4
110 mph hours before arrival of center. Small craft in unprotected anchorages break moorings.
Some structural damage to small residences and utility buildings with a minor amount
111 mph of curtainwall failures. Mobile homes are destroyed. Flooding near the coast
to destroys smaller structures with larger structures damaged by floating debris. Terrain
130 mph continuously lower than 5 feet above sea level may be flooded inland 8 miles or more.
More extensive curtainwall failures with some complete roof structure failure on
131 mph small residences. Major erosion of beach areas. Major damage to lower floors of
to structures near the shore. Terrain continuously lower than 10 feet above sea level may
155 mph be flooded requiring massive evacuation of residential areas inland as far as 6 miles.
Complete roof failure on many residences and industrial buildings. Some complete
building failures with small utility buildings blown over or away. Major damage to
lower floors of all structures located less than 15 feet above sea level and within 500
yards of the shoreline. Massive evacuation of residential areas on low ground within
5 to 10 miles may be required.
Hurricane nameS tropical claSSificationS
Hurricanes began being named so that the storms By international agreement, Tropical Cyclone is the
could easily be referenced without having to use general term for all cyclone circulations originating
latitude and longitude. This made communication over tropical waters. They are classified by form and
quicker and less prone to error for forecasters, intensity as follows:
storm trackers, and the public alike. Initially the
phonetic alphabet was used to name storms (Able, Tropical Wave
A trough of low pressure in the trade-wind easterlies.
Baker, Charlie), but in 1953 the nation’s weather
services began using female names instead. In
1979 male names were added to the lists of storms A moving area of thunderstorms in the Tropics that maintains its
for the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, and this is the identity for 24 hours or more. A common phenomenon in the
naming convention weather services still use today. tropics.
A tropical cyclone in which the maximum sustained surface wind
Hurricane nameS for atlantic is 38 mph (33 knots) or less.
ocean and Gulf of mexico
A tropical cyclone in which the maximum sustained surface wind
2010 2011 2012 2012 ranges from 39-73 mph (34-63 knots) inclusive.
Alex Arlene Alberto Andrea Hurricane
Bonnie Bret Beryl Barry A tropical cyclone in which maximum sustained surface wind is 74
Colin Cindy Chris Chantal mph (64 knots) or greater.
Danielle Don Debby Dorian
Earl Emily Ernesto Erin Small Craft Cautionary Statements
When a tropical cyclone threatens a coastal area, small craft
Fiona Franklin Florence Fernand operators are advised to remain in port or not to venture into the
Gaston Gert Gordon Gabrielle open sea.
Hermine Harvey Helene Humberto
Igor Irene Isaac Ingrid Tropical Storm Watch
Is issued for a coastal area when there is the threat of tropical
Julia Jose Joyce Jerry storm conditions within 36 hours.
Karl Katia Kirk Karen
Lisa Lee Leslie Lorenzo Tropical Storm Warning
A warning for tropical storm conditions including sustained winds
Matthew Maria Michael Melissa within the range of 39 to 73 mph (34 to 63 knots) which are
Nicole Nate Nadine Nestor expected in a specified coastal area within 24 hours or less.
Otto Ophelia Oscar Olga
Paula Philippe Patty Pablo Hurricane Watch
An announcement that hurricane conditions pose a possible
Richard Rina Rafael Rebekah threat to a specified coastal area within 36 hours.
Shary Sean Sandy Sebastien
Tomas Tammy Tony Tanya Hurricane Warning
Virginie Vince Valerie Van A warning that sustained winds of 74 mph (64 knots) or higher
are expected in a specified coastal area within 24 hours or less.
Walter Whitney William Wendy
An abnormal rise of the sea along a shore as the result, primarily,
of the winds of a storm.
Flash Flood Watch
Means that flash flood conditions are possible within the
designated watch area - be alert.
Flash Flood Warning
Means a flash flood has been reported or is imminent - take
KeYS to Hurricane Survival
Before tHe Storm
Elevation of Your Home Above Sea Level Materials for Protecting Glass Openings
Get this information from local Emergency Management officials. Your nearest Have shutters or lumber for protecting large windows and doors and
Weather Service office can supply flood data for area streams and waterways. masking tape for use on small windows.
Find out if your home is subject to storm surge (tidal) flooding.
Materials for Emergency Repairs
Maximum Storm Surge Which Might Occur Your insurance policy may cover the cost of materials used in temporary
Information about the potential for inland flooding and storm surge is available repairs, so keep all receipts. These will also be helpful for any income tax
through your local Emergency Management Office. deductions.
Route to Safety If You Have to Leave WHen a WarninG iS iSSued
Plan your escape route early. Check with Emergency Management for low points
and flooding history of your route. Check the number of hours it could take you Listen Constantly to TV or Radio
to evacuate to a safe area during peak evacuation traffic. Keep a log of hurricane position, intensity and expected landfall. Discount
rumors. Use telephone sparingly.
Location of Nearest Official Shelter
Emergency Management can give you the location of the shelter nearest your If You Live in a Mobile Home
home and explain what you should bring with you. Plan for your family’s safety. Check tie-downs and leave immediately for a safer place. Mobile homes are
Know how to contact family members should the need arise. not safe in hurricane force winds.
How Safe is Your Home? Prepare for High Winds
Near the seashore, plan to relocate during a hurricane emergency. If you live in a Brace your garage door. Lower antennas. Be prepared to make repairs.
mobile home, always plan to relocate.
Anchor Objects Outside
The Inventory of Your Property Garbage cans, awnings, loose garden tools, toys and other loose objects can
A complete inventory of personal property will help in obtaining insurance be deadly missiles. Anchor securely or bring indoors.
settlements and/or tax deductions for losses. Inventory checklists can be obtained
from your insurance representative. Don’t trust your memory. List descriptions Protect Windows and Other Glass
and take pictures. Store these and other important insurance papers in Board up or shutter large windows securely. Tape exposed glass to reduce
waterproof containers or in your safety deposit box. shattering. Draw drapes across windows and doors to protect against flying
glass if shattering does occur.
What Your Insurance Will Cover
Review your insurance policies and your coverage to avoid misunderstanding Move Boats on Trailers Close to House
later. Take advantage of flood insurance. Separate policies are needed for Fill boats with water to weight them down. Lash securely to trailer and use
protection against wind and flood damage, which people frequently don’t tie-downs to anchor trailer to the ground or house.
realize until too late.
Check mooring lines of boats in water
WHen a WatcH iS iSSued
Store Valuable and Personal Papers
Monitor storm reports on battery powered Put irreplaceable documents in waterproof containers and store in highest
television and radio possible spot. If you evacuate be sure to take them with you.
If considering moving to a shelter, make arrangements for all pets. Pets are not
allowed in shelters. Prepare for Storm Surge, Tornadoes and Floods
Storm surge, tornadoes and flash floods are the worst killers associated with
Refill needed prescriptions a hurricane. In a tornado warning, seek inside shelter below ground level.
If evacuation has not already been recommended, consider leaving the area early If outside, move away at right angles from tornado; if escape is impossible,
to avoid long hours on limited evacuation routes. lie flat in a ditch or low spot. Storm surge plus flash flooding of streams and
rivers due to torrential rains combine to make drowning the greatest cause
Check Supplies of hurricane deaths.
Have enough batteries to last several days. There may be no electricity.
Flashlights, Candles or Lamps, Matches
if You StaY at Home
Store matches in waterproof container. Have lantern fuel for several days. Know Stay Indoors
how to use safely. In an inside room away from doors and windows. Don’t go out in the
brief calm during passage of the eye of the storm. The lull sometimes ends
Full Tank of Gasoline suddenly as winds return from the opposite direction. Winds can increase in
Never let your vehicle gas tank be less than half-full during hurricane season; seconds to 75 m.p.h. or more.
fill up as soon as a hurricane watch is posted. Remember, when there is no
electricity, gas pumps won’t work. Protect Property
Without taking any unnecessary risks, protect your property from damage.
Canned Goods and Non-Perishable Foods Temporary repairs can reduce your losses.
Store packaged foods which can be prepared without cooking and need no
refrigeration. There may be no electricity or gas. Stay Away From Windows and Glass Doors
Move furniture away from exposed doors and windows.
Containers for Drinking Water
Have clean, air-tight containers to store sufficient drinking water for several days. Keep a Continuous Communications Watch
The local water supply could be interrupted or contaminated. Keep radio or television tuned for information from official sources.
Unexpected changes can sometimes call for last minute relocations.
Your ability to meet emergencies will help others. Take Steps to Protect Property
Make temporary repairs to protect property from further damage or looting.
if You muSt evacuate Use only reputable contractors (sometimes in the chaotic days following a
disaster, unscrupulous operators will prey on the unsuspecting) — check the
Know Where You Are Going Better Business Bureau. Keep all receipts for materials used.
Leave early, in daylight if possible. move your most valuable possessions that
you can’t take with you to higher points within your home. It Takes a Team Effort
Responsibility for the clean-up falls to numerous local, state and federal agencies. A
For Shelters local disaster coordinator/director or his representative will be on hand to help residents
Take blankets or sleeping bags, flashlights, special dietary foods, infant needs in this effort.
and lightweight folding chairs. Register every person arriving with you at
the shelter. Do not take pets, alcoholic beverages or weapons of any kind to
shelters. Be prepared to offer assistance to shelter workers if necessary, and
reStorinG poWer after tHe Storm
stress to all family members their obligations to keep the shelter clean and When a hurricane strikes, it often causes widespread power outages.
sanitary. Restoring power after a major outage is a big job that involves much more
than simply throwing a switch or removing a tree from a line. The main goal
Don’t Travel Farther Than Necessary is to restore power safely to the greatest number of people in the shortest
Roads may be jammed. Minimize your time on the road.
Lock Windows and Doors
Turn off gas, water, electricity. Check to see that you have done everything to • Stay clear of trees that may have fallen on the power lines
protect your property from damage and loss. • Remember that a power outage can affect thousands of other customers,
so be patient as the provider works to restore power to you.
Carry Along Survival Supplies • You can use a portable generator to supply electricity to your appliances if
• First Aid Kit an emergency exists during a power outage, but if not installed or operated
• Canned or dried provisions, can opener, spoons, etc. properly, they can kill you and the people who are restoring power to your
• Bottled water home. Improperly installed generators can also cause damage to your
• Extra family medication, prescriptions property. Connecting a generator to the main electrical supply for your house
• Spare eyeglasses, hearing aid and batteries, if required. requires the services of a qualified, licensed electrician.
Keep Important Papers with You at All Times
• Driver’s License and other identification WHere can You Go WitH Your pet?
• Insurance policies
• Property inventory The 2005 landfall of Hurricane Katrina on the U.S. Gulf coast not only
• Medic-alert or device with special medical information caused massive destruction in many areas, it also revealed the lack of policy
• Maps to your destination regarding pets. Before Katrina struck in August of 2005, massive evacuations
of the U.S. Gulf coast were ordered. Most people obeyed the order and
Take Warm Protective Clothing did just that: however, many pet owners had to make a wrenching choice
due to a lack of shelters for animals. They either had to abandon their pets
after tHe Hurricane to the mercy of this monster storm or, worse, risk their own lives by riding
out Katrina. A year after the storm, Congress passed a law called the Pets
If You Are Evacuated, Delay Return Until Recommended Or Evacuation and Standards Act. This law requires state and local governments
Authorized by Local Authorities to factor pets into their disaster evacuation plans.
Beware of Outdoor Hazards As a result many counties in our area now have plans to deal with pets.
Watch out for loose or dangling power lines and report them immediately to Below is a breakdown of pet policy by county. These policies are generally
proper authorities. Many lives are lost by electrocution. in effect for Category 1, 2, and 3 storms. There can be exceptions based on
decisions by Emergency Management officials.
Walk or Drive Cautiously
Debris-filled streets are dangerous. Snakes and poisonous insects may be neW Hanover: noble middle School will take people and pets. Pets will
a hazard. Washouts may weaken road and bridge structures which could be kept in a separate area. There will be limits to the number of dogs and cats
collapse under vehicle weight. taken. No birds or exotic animals will be taken. Additional pets can be taken
to New Hanover Animal Control.
Guard Against Spoiled Food BrunSWicK: West Brunswick High School. Dogs and cats are welcome
Food may spoil if refrigerator power is off more than a few hours. Freezers will in limited numbers (no exotic animals). People must stay at the shelter with
keep food several days if doors are not opened after power failure, but do not
their pets, though pets will be in a separate area.
refreeze food once it begins to thaw.
pender: Burgaw middle School. Dogs, cats, and birds are welcome in
Do Not Use Water Until Safe limited numbers (no exotic animals). People must stay in the shelter with their
Use your emergency supply or boil water before drinking until official pets. Pets will be in a separate area from people.
word that the water is safe. Report broken sewer or water mains to proper onSloW: Jacksonville commons middle School. There is limited space
authorities. for cats and dogs. People must stay in the shelter with their pets.
columBuS: There is no pet shelter at the present time.
Take Extra Precautions to Prevent Fire Bladen: There is no pet shelter at the present time.
Lowered water pressure in city and town water mains and the interruption of
other services may make fire fighting extremely difficult after a hurricane. In the event of a Category 4 or 5 storm, the North Carolina State
emergency plan calls for Johnston County on I-40 east of Raleigh to absorb
tHe recoverY people and pet evacuees for: New Hanover, Brunswick, Pender, and Onslow
counties. The shelter will be West Johnson High school. The key to any
Insurance successful pet evacuation is early planning because all shelters have limited
Insurance representatives will be on the scene immediately following a major
disaster to speed up the handling of claims. Notify your insurance agent or space. Most counties away from the coast are not required to have any pet
broker of any losses — and leave word where you can be contacted. friendly shelters; Columbus and Bladen Counties fall into this category.
W E A T H E R
THE FIRST LINE OF DEFENSE AGAINST
BAD WEATHER IS A GOOD DECISION.
Protect your home and family from severe weather
with 3M Safety & Security Window Films
Improve personal and asset
protection from severe weather
Protect against ﬂying glass
and water damage
CAROLINA SOLAR SECURITY
Hurricane Survival Materials Babies
Water (7 gallons per person) Disposable diapers/wipes
Nonperishable foods; canned meat, fish, fruit and vegetables Formula, food and medication
Bread in moisture-proof packaging, cookies, candy, dried fruit
Canned soups, juices, milk
Powdered or evaporated milk Personal Supplies
Cereal bars, peanut butter
Instant coffee and tea Toilet paper
Flashlights and spare batteries* Entertainment: books, magazines, card games, etc.
Weather Radio Soap and detergent
Battery-operated TV/radio/alarm clock Toiletries
Portable cooler and ice Bedding: pillows, blankets, sleeping bag
Waterproof lighter Change of clothing
Butane lighter Rain gear and work gloves
Extra glasses or contact lenses
Extra sets of keys
Cooking Equipment Ice chest
Portable camp stove or grill, and an extra propane tank Documents
Charcoal, lighter fluid
Manual can opener Photocopies of prescriptions
Paper plates and cups Photo identification
Plastic eating utensils Proof of occupancy of residence (utility bills)
Napkins and paper towels Medical history and information
Aluminum foil Water and fireproof container for document storage
Oven mitts Backup disks of your home computer files
Camera and film
Medical Emergency Supplies
First Aid Kit including pain reliever, antibiotic cream, antacids
Prescriptions (one month’s supply) Tools: hammer, wrenches, screwdrivers, nails, saw
Mosquito Repellent Lumber
Sun screen Rope
Mosquito netting Trash bags
Fire extinguisher Cleaning supplies
Cash Plastic drop cloth
Bleach or water purification tablets Masking or duct tape
Outdoor extension cords
* If the electricity is off, use flashlights ONLY. Candles and oil Spray paint
lamps may cause a fire. Fire crews WILL NOT respond during a
evacuation and SHelter
Check with your city or county Office of Emergency Management or watch WECT to confirm specific
evacuation and shelter information. In the event of a hurricane, emergency management officials will need
to update information as conditions change. For more information on emergency management in your area
contact www.ncem.org. If you are flying out be prepared for airport closings and full or cancelled flights.
When driving out, be advised that storms often change direction and intensity without warning. Always follow
your county’s recommended evacuation route.
Pender and Onslow Counties
A Topsail Middle School
To Malpass Corner Elementary School
Elementary School Holly Ridge
Off US 421 Other Pender Shelters:
North Topsail Beach
Burgaw Middle School
Cape Fear Middle School
Del Mar Beach
Surf City For Onslow County shelters and
evacuation information please contact:
Topsail Beach Onslow.redcross.org
2 A West Brunswick High School C South Brunswick High School
B Shallotte Middle School D South Brunswick Middle School
Head Other Brunswick Shelters:
Holden Beach North Brunswick High School in Leland City Limits
Leland Middle School off Fayetteville Road
Ocean Isle Beach Caswell Beach
Sunset Beach Yaupon Beach
New Hanover Country
A A Trask Middle School
B B Eaton Elementary
D Figure Eight Island C Noble Middle School - Pet Friendly
D Johnson Elementary School
E Codington Elementary