Hurricane Survival Guide - WorldNow.pdf

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        2010       ROBB



Electric cooperatives from around the nation join together when disaster strikes,
             delivering the fastest service possible to our members.
     We’ll always be looking out for you, your family and your community.

                          Burgaw - Elizabethtown - Rose Hill
                          Outage Reporting: 1-888-368-7289
Hurricanes are a natural part of living on the Carolina coast. The warm Atlantic waters attract tourists and residents
alike to our beautiful beaches. Those same warm waters also bring the potential for disaster. When Hurricane Season
approaches, preparedness is the key to survival. This guide will provide you with the information you need to prepare
yourself, your family and your property before a hurricane approaches.

And when tropical systems do threaten the Carolina coast, the First Alert Weather Team is your source for hurricane
information. Robb Ellis, Eric Davis and Colin Hackman are committed to bringing you the latest updates and forecasts
that are detailed and accurate. Our First Alert Digital Doppler gives us the tools to keep Carolinians safe. We’ll
provide the vital information you need to protect your family and property.

Thank you for making the First Alert Weather Team your choice to help weather this Hurricane Season.

  2010 Hurricane Survival Guide
Introduction ..................................... 3   General Manager              Gary McNair                       WECT
Hurricane Basics .............................. 4      General Sales Manager        Mark Mendenhall   322 Shipyard Boulevard
Hurricane Names & Classifications...... 5              News Director                Scott Saxton      Wilmington, NC 28412
Keys to Hurricane Survival.................. 8         Creative Services Director   David Toma
                                                       News Production Manager      Tom Cheatham       Phone 910.791.8070
Tracking Map ................................... 10    Chief Engineer               Dan Ullmer           Fax 910.392.1509
Survival Checklist .............................. 15
Evacuation and Shelter ...................... 16
                                                       Coordination by Eric Hine
2010 WECT Hurricane Survival Guide                     Layout & Design by Derek Arrington
Copyright © 2010 Raycom Media, Inc                     Cover Photography by Brownie Harris
                                                       Cover Design by David Toma/Jesse Bowman

    Hurricane BaSicS
    A tropical cyclone is a low pressure system that has
    thunderstorm activity and rotates counterclockwise;
    a hurricane is the most severe form of this type of
    meteorological phenomenon. The destructive force of
    a hurricane extends over a wide area, requiring that
    precautions be taken far from where the eye is predicted to
    come ashore. Hurricane-force winds can extend outward to
    about 25 miles from the storm center of a small hurricane and
    more than 150 miles for a larger one. The range over which
    tropical storm-force winds occur is even greater, ranging as
    far out as almost 300 miles from the eye of a large hurricane.
    A hurricane’s speed and path depend on complex ocean and
    atmospheric interactions, including the presence or absence of
    other weather patterns. This complexity makes it very difficult
    to predict the speed and direction of a hurricane.

    Saffir-SimpSon Hurricane Wind Scale
    All hurricanes are dangerous, but some are more so than others. The way storm surge, wind, and other
    factors combine determine the hurricane’s destructive power. To make comparisons easier, and to make the
    predicted hazards of approaching hurricanes clearer to emergency forces, National Oceanic and Atmospheric
    Administration’s hurricane forecasters use a disaster potential scale which assigns storms to five categories.
    Category 1 is a minimal hurricane; category 5 is the worst case.

    The category of the storm does not necessarily relate directly to the damage it will inflict. Lower category storms
    (and even tropical storms) can cause substantial damage depending on what other weather features they interact
    with, where they strike, and how slow they move.


                           74 mph       No real damage to building structures. Damage primarily to unanchored mobile
                             to         homes, shrubbery, and trees. Also, some coastal road flooding and minor pier
                           95 mph       damage.

                           96 mph       Some roofing material, door and window damage to buildings. Considerable damage
                             to         to vegetation, mobile homes, and piers. Coastal and low-lying escape routes flood 2-4
                          110 mph       hours before arrival of center. Small craft in unprotected anchorages break moorings.

                                        Some structural damage to small residences and utility buildings with a minor amount
                          111 mph       of curtainwall failures. Mobile homes are destroyed. Flooding near the coast
                             to         destroys smaller structures with larger structures damaged by floating debris. Terrain
                          130 mph       continuously lower than 5 feet above sea level may be flooded inland 8 miles or more.
                                        More extensive curtainwall failures with some complete roof structure failure on
                          131 mph       small residences. Major erosion of beach areas. Major damage to lower floors of
                             to         structures near the shore. Terrain continuously lower than 10 feet above sea level may
                          155 mph       be flooded requiring massive evacuation of residential areas inland as far as 6 miles.

                                        Complete roof failure on many residences and industrial buildings. Some complete
                                        building failures with small utility buildings blown over or away. Major damage to
                                        lower floors of all structures located less than 15 feet above sea level and within 500
                                        yards of the shoreline. Massive evacuation of residential areas on low ground within
                                        5 to 10 miles may be required.

                         Hurricane nameS                   tropical claSSificationS

 Hurricanes began being named so that the storms           By international agreement, Tropical Cyclone is the
   could easily be referenced without having to use        general term for all cyclone circulations originating
  latitude and longitude. This made communication          over tropical waters. They are classified by form and
      quicker and less prone to error for forecasters,     intensity as follows:
    storm trackers, and the public alike. Initially the
phonetic alphabet was used to name storms (Able,           Tropical Wave
                                                           A trough of low pressure in the trade-wind easterlies.
   Baker, Charlie), but in 1953 the nation’s weather
     services began using female names instead. In
                                                           Tropical Disturbance
1979 male names were added to the lists of storms          A moving area of thunderstorms in the Tropics that maintains its
 for the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, and this is the      identity for 24 hours or more. A common phenomenon in the
naming convention weather services still use today.        tropics.

                                                           Tropical Depression
                                                           A tropical cyclone in which the maximum sustained surface wind
   Hurricane nameS for atlantic                            is 38 mph (33 knots) or less.
      ocean and Gulf of mexico
                                                           Tropical Storm
                                                           A tropical cyclone in which the maximum sustained surface wind
     2010           2011           2012          2012      ranges from 39-73 mph (34-63 knots) inclusive.

      Alex         Arlene        Alberto        Andrea     Hurricane
   Bonnie             Bret          Beryl         Barry    A tropical cyclone in which maximum sustained surface wind is 74
     Colin          Cindy           Chris      Chantal     mph (64 knots) or greater.
 Danielle             Don         Debby         Dorian
       Earl         Emily        Ernesto            Erin   Small Craft Cautionary Statements
                                                           When a tropical cyclone threatens a coastal area, small craft
     Fiona       Franklin       Florence       Fernand     operators are advised to remain in port or not to venture into the
  Gaston             Gert        Gordon       Gabrielle    open sea.
 Hermine          Harvey          Helene     Humberto
       Igor         Irene           Isaac        Ingrid    Tropical Storm Watch
                                                           Is issued for a coastal area when there is the threat of tropical
      Julia          Jose           Joyce          Jerry   storm conditions within 36 hours.
       Karl         Katia             Kirk       Karen
       Lisa            Lee         Leslie      Lorenzo     Tropical Storm Warning
                                                           A warning for tropical storm conditions including sustained winds
 Matthew           Maria        Michael        Melissa     within the range of 39 to 73 mph (34 to 63 knots) which are
    Nicole           Nate        Nadine         Nestor     expected in a specified coastal area within 24 hours or less.
      Otto       Ophelia           Oscar           Olga
     Paula       Philippe           Patty         Pablo    Hurricane Watch
                                                           An announcement that hurricane conditions pose a possible
  Richard            Rina         Rafael      Rebekah      threat to a specified coastal area within 36 hours.
    Shary            Sean          Sandy     Sebastien
   Tomas          Tammy              Tony        Tanya     Hurricane Warning
  Virginie          Vince         Valerie           Van    A warning that sustained winds of 74 mph (64 knots) or higher
                                                           are expected in a specified coastal area within 24 hours or less.
   Walter        Whitney         William        Wendy
                                                           Storm Surge
                                                           An abnormal rise of the sea along a shore as the result, primarily,
                                                           of the winds of a storm.

                                                           Flash Flood Watch
                                                           Means that flash flood conditions are possible within the
                                                           designated watch area - be alert.

                                                           Flash Flood Warning
                                                           Means a flash flood has been reported or is imminent - take
                                                           immediate action.

    KeYS to Hurricane Survival
    Before tHe Storm
    Elevation of Your Home Above Sea Level                                                  Materials for Protecting Glass Openings
    Get this information from local Emergency Management officials. Your nearest            Have shutters or lumber for protecting large windows and doors and
    Weather Service office can supply flood data for area streams and waterways.            masking tape for use on small windows.
    Find out if your home is subject to storm surge (tidal) flooding.
                                                                                            Materials for Emergency Repairs
    Maximum Storm Surge Which Might Occur                                                   Your insurance policy may cover the cost of materials used in temporary
    Information about the potential for inland flooding and storm surge is available        repairs, so keep all receipts. These will also be helpful for any income tax
    through your local Emergency Management Office.                                         deductions.
    Route to Safety If You Have to Leave                                                    WHen a WarninG iS iSSued
    Plan your escape route early. Check with Emergency Management for low points
    and flooding history of your route. Check the number of hours it could take you         Listen Constantly to TV or Radio
    to evacuate to a safe area during peak evacuation traffic.                              Keep a log of hurricane position, intensity and expected landfall. Discount
                                                                                            rumors. Use telephone sparingly.
    Location of Nearest Official Shelter
    Emergency Management can give you the location of the shelter nearest your              If You Live in a Mobile Home
    home and explain what you should bring with you. Plan for your family’s safety.         Check tie-downs and leave immediately for a safer place. Mobile homes are
    Know how to contact family members should the need arise.                               not safe in hurricane force winds.
    How Safe is Your Home?                                                                  Prepare for High Winds
    Near the seashore, plan to relocate during a hurricane emergency. If you live in a      Brace your garage door. Lower antennas. Be prepared to make repairs.
    mobile home, always plan to relocate.
                                                                                            Anchor Objects Outside
    The Inventory of Your Property                                                          Garbage cans, awnings, loose garden tools, toys and other loose objects can
    A complete inventory of personal property will help in obtaining insurance              be deadly missiles. Anchor securely or bring indoors.
    settlements and/or tax deductions for losses. Inventory checklists can be obtained
    from your insurance representative. Don’t trust your memory. List descriptions          Protect Windows and Other Glass
    and take pictures. Store these and other important insurance papers in                  Board up or shutter large windows securely. Tape exposed glass to reduce
    waterproof containers or in your safety deposit box.                                    shattering. Draw drapes across windows and doors to protect against flying
                                                                                            glass if shattering does occur.
    What Your Insurance Will Cover
    Review your insurance policies and your coverage to avoid misunderstanding              Move Boats on Trailers Close to House
    later. Take advantage of flood insurance. Separate policies are needed for              Fill boats with water to weight them down. Lash securely to trailer and use
    protection against wind and flood damage, which people frequently don’t                 tie-downs to anchor trailer to the ground or house.
    realize until too late.
                                                                                            Check mooring lines of boats in water
    WHen a WatcH iS iSSued
                                                                                            Store Valuable and Personal Papers
    Monitor storm reports on battery powered                                                Put irreplaceable documents in waterproof containers and store in highest
    television and radio                                                                    possible spot. If you evacuate be sure to take them with you.
    If considering moving to a shelter, make arrangements for all pets. Pets are not
    allowed in shelters.                                                                    Prepare for Storm Surge, Tornadoes and Floods
                                                                                            Storm surge, tornadoes and flash floods are the worst killers associated with
    Refill needed prescriptions                                                             a hurricane. In a tornado warning, seek inside shelter below ground level.
    If evacuation has not already been recommended, consider leaving the area early         If outside, move away at right angles from tornado; if escape is impossible,
    to avoid long hours on limited evacuation routes.                                       lie flat in a ditch or low spot. Storm surge plus flash flooding of streams and
                                                                                            rivers due to torrential rains combine to make drowning the greatest cause
    Check Supplies                                                                          of hurricane deaths.
    Have enough batteries to last several days. There may be no electricity.

    Flashlights, Candles or Lamps, Matches
                                                                                            if You StaY at Home
    Store matches in waterproof container. Have lantern fuel for several days. Know         Stay Indoors
    how to use safely.                                                                      In an inside room away from doors and windows. Don’t go out in the
                                                                                            brief calm during passage of the eye of the storm. The lull sometimes ends
    Full Tank of Gasoline                                                                   suddenly as winds return from the opposite direction. Winds can increase in
    Never let your vehicle gas tank be less than half-full during hurricane season;         seconds to 75 m.p.h. or more.
    fill up as soon as a hurricane watch is posted. Remember, when there is no
    electricity, gas pumps won’t work.                                                      Protect Property
                                                                                            Without taking any unnecessary risks, protect your property from damage.
    Canned Goods and Non-Perishable Foods                                                   Temporary repairs can reduce your losses.
    Store packaged foods which can be prepared without cooking and need no
    refrigeration. There may be no electricity or gas.                                      Stay Away From Windows and Glass Doors
                                                                                            Move furniture away from exposed doors and windows.
    Containers for Drinking Water
    Have clean, air-tight containers to store sufficient drinking water for several days.   Keep a Continuous Communications Watch
    The local water supply could be interrupted or contaminated.                            Keep radio or television tuned for information from official sources.
                                                                                            Unexpected changes can sometimes call for last minute relocations.

Remain Calm
Your ability to meet emergencies will help others.                                 Take Steps to Protect Property
                                                                                   Make temporary repairs to protect property from further damage or looting.
if You muSt evacuate                                                               Use only reputable contractors (sometimes in the chaotic days following a
                                                                                   disaster, unscrupulous operators will prey on the unsuspecting) — check the
Know Where You Are Going                                                           Better Business Bureau. Keep all receipts for materials used.
Leave early, in daylight if possible. move your most valuable possessions that
you can’t take with you to higher points within your home.                         It Takes a Team Effort
                                                                                   Responsibility for the clean-up falls to numerous local, state and federal agencies. A
For Shelters                                                                       local disaster coordinator/director or his representative will be on hand to help residents
Take blankets or sleeping bags, flashlights, special dietary foods, infant needs   in this effort.
and lightweight folding chairs. Register every person arriving with you at
the shelter. Do not take pets, alcoholic beverages or weapons of any kind to
shelters. Be prepared to offer assistance to shelter workers if necessary, and
                                                                                   reStorinG poWer after tHe Storm
stress to all family members their obligations to keep the shelter clean and       When a hurricane strikes, it often causes widespread power outages.
sanitary.                                                                          Restoring power after a major outage is a big job that involves much more
                                                                                   than simply throwing a switch or removing a tree from a line. The main goal
Don’t Travel Farther Than Necessary                                                is to restore power safely to the greatest number of people in the shortest
Roads may be jammed. Minimize your time on the road.
                                                                                   time possible.
Lock Windows and Doors
Turn off gas, water, electricity. Check to see that you have done everything to    • Stay clear of trees that may have fallen on the power lines
protect your property from damage and loss.                                        • Remember that a power outage can affect thousands of other customers, 
                                                                                   so be patient as the provider works to restore power to you.
Carry Along Survival Supplies                                                      • You can use a portable generator to supply electricity to your appliances if 
•  First Aid Kit                                                                   an emergency exists during a power outage, but if not installed or operated
•  Canned or dried provisions, can opener, spoons, etc.                            properly, they can kill you and the people who are restoring power to your
•  Bottled water                                                                   home. Improperly installed generators can also cause damage to your
•  Extra family medication, prescriptions                                          property. Connecting a generator to the main electrical supply for your house
•  Spare eyeglasses, hearing aid and batteries, if required.                       requires the services of a qualified, licensed electrician.
Keep Important Papers with You at All Times
•  Driver’s License and other identification                                       WHere can You Go WitH Your pet?
•  Insurance policies
•  Property inventory                                                              The 2005 landfall of Hurricane Katrina on the U.S. Gulf coast not only
•  Medic-alert or device with special medical information                          caused massive destruction in many areas, it also revealed the lack of policy
•  Maps to your destination                                                        regarding pets. Before Katrina struck in August of 2005, massive evacuations
                                                                                   of the U.S. Gulf coast were ordered. Most people obeyed the order and
Take Warm Protective Clothing                                                      did just that: however, many pet owners had to make a wrenching choice
                                                                                   due to a lack of shelters for animals. They either had to abandon their pets
after tHe Hurricane                                                                to the mercy of this monster storm or, worse, risk their own lives by riding
                                                                                   out Katrina. A year after the storm, Congress passed a law called the Pets
If You Are Evacuated, Delay Return Until Recommended Or                            Evacuation and Standards Act. This law requires state and local governments
Authorized by Local Authorities                                                    to factor pets into their disaster evacuation plans.
Beware of Outdoor Hazards                                                              As a result many counties in our area now have plans to deal with pets.
Watch out for loose or dangling power lines and report them immediately to         Below is a breakdown of pet policy by county. These policies are generally
proper authorities. Many lives are lost by electrocution.                          in effect for Category 1, 2, and 3 storms. There can be exceptions based on
                                                                                   decisions by Emergency Management officials.
Walk or Drive Cautiously
Debris-filled streets are dangerous. Snakes and poisonous insects may be           neW Hanover: noble middle School will take people and pets. Pets will
a hazard. Washouts may weaken road and bridge structures which could               be kept in a separate area. There will be limits to the number of dogs and cats
collapse under vehicle weight.                                                     taken. No birds or exotic animals will be taken. Additional pets can be taken
                                                                                   to New Hanover Animal Control.
Guard Against Spoiled Food                                                         BrunSWicK: West Brunswick High School. Dogs and cats are welcome
Food may spoil if refrigerator power is off more than a few hours. Freezers will   in limited numbers (no exotic animals). People must stay at the shelter with
keep food several days if doors are not opened after power failure, but do not
                                                                                   their pets, though pets will be in a separate area.
refreeze food once it begins to thaw.
                                                                                   pender: Burgaw middle School. Dogs, cats, and birds are welcome in
Do Not Use Water Until Safe                                                        limited numbers (no exotic animals). People must stay in the shelter with their
Use your emergency supply or boil water before drinking until official             pets. Pets will be in a separate area from people.
word that the water is safe. Report broken sewer or water mains to proper          onSloW: Jacksonville commons middle School. There is limited space
authorities.                                                                       for cats and dogs. People must stay in the shelter with their pets.
                                                                                   columBuS: There is no pet shelter at the present time.
Take Extra Precautions to Prevent Fire                                             Bladen: There is no pet shelter at the present time.
Lowered water pressure in city and town water mains and the interruption of
other services may make fire fighting extremely difficult after a hurricane.           In the event of a Category 4 or 5 storm, the North Carolina State
                                                                                   emergency plan calls for Johnston County on I-40 east of Raleigh to absorb
tHe recoverY                                                                       people and pet evacuees for: New Hanover, Brunswick, Pender, and Onslow
                                                                                   counties. The shelter will be West Johnson High school. The key to any
Insurance                                                                          successful pet evacuation is early planning because all shelters have limited
Insurance representatives will be on the scene immediately following a major
disaster to speed up the handling of claims. Notify your insurance agent or        space. Most counties away from the coast are not required to have any pet
broker of any losses — and leave word where you can be contacted.                  friendly shelters; Columbus and Bladen Counties fall into this category.

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Survival cHecKliSt
Hurricane Survival Materials                                                 Babies
         Water (7 gallons per person)                                                 Disposable diapers/wipes
         Nonperishable foods; canned meat, fish, fruit and vegetables                 Formula, food and medication
         Bread in moisture-proof packaging, cookies, candy, dried fruit
         Canned soups, juices, milk
         Powdered or evaporated milk                                         Personal Supplies
         Cereal bars, peanut butter
         Instant coffee and tea                                                       Toilet paper
         Flashlights and spare batteries*                                             Entertainment: books, magazines, card games, etc.
         Weather Radio                                                                Soap and detergent
         Battery-operated TV/radio/alarm clock                                        Toiletries
         Portable cooler and ice                                                      Bedding: pillows, blankets, sleeping bag
         Waterproof lighter                                                           Change of clothing
         Butane lighter                                                               Rain gear and work gloves
                                                                                      Extra glasses or contact lenses
                                                                                      Extra sets of keys
Cooking Equipment                                                                     Ice chest
         Portable camp stove or grill, and an extra propane tank             Documents
         Charcoal, lighter fluid
         Manual can opener                                                            Photocopies of prescriptions
         Paper plates and cups                                                        Photo identification
         Plastic eating utensils                                                      Proof of occupancy of residence (utility bills)
         Napkins and paper towels                                                     Medical history and information
         Aluminum foil                                                                Water and fireproof container for document storage
         Oven mitts                                                                   Backup disks of your home computer files
                                                                                      Camera and film
Medical Emergency Supplies
                                                                             Other Necessities
         First Aid Kit including pain reliever, antibiotic cream, antacids
         Prescriptions (one month’s supply)                                           Tools: hammer, wrenches, screwdrivers, nails, saw
         Mosquito Repellent                                                           Lumber
         Sun screen                                                                   Rope
         Mosquito netting                                                             Trash bags
         Fire extinguisher                                                            Cleaning supplies
         Cash                                                                         Plastic drop cloth
         Bleach or water purification tablets                                         Masking or duct tape
                                                                                      Outdoor extension cords
* If the electricity is off, use flashlights ONLY. Candles and oil                    Spray paint
lamps may cause a fire. Fire crews WILL NOT respond during a

     evacuation and SHelter
     Check with your city or county Office of Emergency Management or watch WECT to confirm specific
     evacuation and shelter information. In the event of a hurricane, emergency management officials will need
     to update information as conditions change. For more information on emergency management in your area
     contact If you are flying out be prepared for airport closings and full or cancelled flights.
     When driving out, be advised that storms often change direction and intensity without warning. Always follow
     your county’s recommended evacuation route.

                                                                                                                                         Pender and Onslow Counties

                                                                                                                                          A   Topsail Middle School



      To                                                                                                                                      Malpass Corner Elementary School


      Malpass Corner


      Elementary School                                    Holly Ridge
      Off US 421                                                                                                                         Other Pender Shelters:
                                                                                       North Topsail Beach
                                                                                                                                         Burgaw Middle School
                                                                                                                                         Cape Fear Middle School
                                                                          Del Mar Beach
                                                                        Surf City                                                        For Onslow County shelters and
                                                                                                                                         evacuation information please contact:
                                                             Topsail Beach                                                     

                                                                                                                                         Brunswick County
                                                 Bolivia    C
                                                            2                                       A    West Brunswick High School       C   South Brunswick High School
                                                            D                   Southport
                                                                                                    B    Shallotte Middle School          D   South Brunswick Middle School
                                                                              Head                 Other Brunswick Shelters:
                         Holden Beach                                                              North Brunswick High School in Leland City Limits
                                                                                                   Leland Middle School off Fayetteville Road
                         Ocean Isle Beach                                Caswell Beach
             Sunset Beach                                            Yaupon Beach
                                                                  Long Beach

                                                                                                                                         New Hanover Country

                              A                                                                     A    Trask Middle School

                                        B                                                           B    Eaton Elementary

                 D                                      Figure Eight Island                         C    Noble Middle School - Pet Friendly

                                                                                                    D    Johnson Elementary School
                                                Wrightsville Beach

                                                                                                    E    Codington Elementary

                                        Carolina Beach

                                      Wilmington Beach
                                     Kure Beach

                                  Fort Fisher


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