Country EFA Overview - UNESCO Bangkok Bangkok Office

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					         EFA
National Action Plans
     2003-2015
Cambodia
      Characteristics of the EFA Plan
  • Visionary and Strategic
  • Built from the EFA 2000 Assessment Report and
    Data
  • Cambodian national project, not a UN plan
  • Uses ESP, ESSP based planning projections and
    assumptions, population and enrolment projections
    and budget estimates to 2015 for key sub-sectors
  • In line with ESP/ESSP and other medium and long
    term strategic plans
  • Emphasis on NFE, IECD, Quality and Gender



Source: Country Presentation, 5th Sub regional EFA Coordinators meeting
Cambodia
      Challenges:

• Translate Vision into Action

• Avoid setting up / strengthening of parallel structures

• Operationalise decentralized EFA planning




Source: Country Presentation, 5th Sub regional EFA Coordinators meeting
Cambodia
      Next Steps
 •Dissemination of the EFA Plan

 •Media activities & development of EFA Awareness materials

 • Incorporation of EFA Vision and Strategies into
 Coordinated Work Plans of key Departments, line Ministries,
 and NGOs

 •Establishment of guidelines for EFA planning at
 decentralised levels


Source: Country Presentation, 5th Sub regional EFA Coordinators meeting
Cambodia
      Next Steps, continued
•    Preparation of three model EFA commune plans
     (urban/rural/remote) through a participatory process with
     proper documentation

•    Incorporation of EFA Strategies into the Work plan for
     implementing of line ministries and NGOs

•    Capacity building for information and data management
     and usage, commune mapping for EFA Secretariat

•    Development of EFA Indicators for Monitoring and
     Evaluation at all levels
Source: Country Presentation, 5th Sub regional EFA Coordinators meeting
Myanmar
                   National Action Plan published March 2003


      Remaining Tasks
    • Implementation Planning
        • Relevant Departments
        • State/Division Education Offices
        • Township Planning
        • School Planning And Management
        • Exploring possibilities of partnership programmes
    • Capacity building programmes
    • Donor consultation
    • Monitoring and evaluation mechanism
Source: Union of Myanmar EFA National Action Plan
Lao PDR

      Tasks remain to be completed
      • Finalize the EFA Action Plan (mid October)

      • Conduct workshop to validate the EFA Plan (End
        October)

      • The EFA Plan to be adopted by the National
        Assembly (November, 2003)

      • Dissemination of the EFA Plan (November –
        December)

Source: Country Presentation, 5th Sub regional EFA Coordinators meeting
Lao PDR
     External Agencies’ support
 • ADB Loan for Basic Education (Girls) Project
 ($20 million)
 • ADB Loan for EQIP II Project
 ($20 million)
 • World Bank Loan for EDP II Project starting late 2003
 ($10 million)
 • AusAid Grant for LABEP
 ($4.3 million)
 • SIDA Grant for TTEST Project
 ($9 million)
 • UNICEF Quality Education, especially Girls Project
 ($5 million)
 • Others (JICA, NGOs, UNESCO)
Lao PDR
      Useful Inter-country Activities
      and External Agencies’ Support
  • Exchange of experiences and information through
    UNESCO or directly
  • More in-depth discussions and information exchanges
    with smaller group (3-4 countries)
  • Support from external agencies
        - Technical assistance
        - Forums and regular meetings
        - Funding for implementation

Source: Country Presentation, 5th Sub regional EFA Coordinators meeting
Bangladesh
       NPA II Goal:

 To establish a knowledge-based and technologically-
 oriented learning society by enhancing and sustaining
 access, retention and provision of quality basic education
 to meet the learning needs of all children, young persons
 and adults in a competitive world, both in the formal and
 non-formal sub-sectors of basic education without any
 discrimination.




Source: Education for All: National Action Plan II
Bangladesh
       Inclusive education
 • >1 million primary school-age children with disabilities
   and disadvantages – without access to basic education

 • Viable ways and means must be found to initiate
   inclusive education in consultation and cooperation with
   concerned ministries and NGOs with adequate
   preparation.




Source: Education for All: National Action Plan II
China
      Challenges
  • General level of EFA achieved is low

  • Development of education is uneven
      – (urban/rural; male/female in secondary, tertiary, and literacy)


  • Quality education needs to be addressed

  • Financial constraints



Source: National Report on the Progress of EFA in China
China
      Goals
  •   Universalizing 9-year compulsory schooling
  •   Eliminating illiteracy among young people and adults
  •   Raising quality of education
  •   Developing preschool (pre-primary education)
  •   Promote IT and distance education
  •   Developing continuing education and training




Source: National Report on the Progress of EFA in China
Education in the sub-region



      EFA Global Monitoring Report
                2003/4
   Total Public Expenditure on Education as % of
   GNP
         Myanmar

         Indonesia

         Cambodia

          Lao PDR

        Philippines

             Japan

         Singapore

     Macao, China

  Republic of Korea

          Thailand

          Malaysia

                      0   1   2   3   4   5        6   7   8
Source: EFA GMR 2003
Primary Education
        Myanmar


        Lao PDR


   Macao, China


       Thailand *


       Cambodia


      Philippines


           China

                                                                                         NER (%) Fe
       Indonesia
                                                                                         NER (%) M

        Malaysia


        Viet Nam


Republic of Korea


           Japan

                    0.0   10.0   20.0   30.0   40.0   50.0   60.0   70.0   80.0   90.0   100.0

Source: EFA GMR 2003
   Secondary Education: Progess is made, but
   disparities remain
          Cambodia

            Myanmar

            Lao PDR

           Indonesia

            Malaysia

            Viet Nam

                                                                                                     GER (%) Female
          Philippines
                                                                                                     GER (%) Male

               China

   Brunei Darussalam

       Macao, China

             Thailand

    Republic of Korea

               Japan

                        0.0   10.0   20.0   30.0   40.0   50.0   60.0   70.0   80.0   90.0   100.0

Source: EFA GMR 2003
Adult Literacy Rate (%)

          Lao PDR

        Cambodia

         Myanmar

         Malaysia

        Indonesia

             China

                                                                                                   Female
         Viet Nam
                                                                                                   Male
Brunei Darussalam

        Philippines

        Singapore

     Macao, China

          Thailand

 Republic of Korea

                      0.0   10.0   20.0   30.0   40.0   50.0   60.0   70.0   80.0   90.0   100.0

 Source: EFA GMR 2003

				
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