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Freudian Revolution

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					 Freudian
Revolution
Sigmund Freud
       • 1856-1939

       • Biography

       • Pyschoanalysis

       • Interpretation of
         Dreams, 1900
               Major Theories
• Instinctual drives

• Oedipus/Electra complex

• 3 Parts of the Brain
   – Id – seat of human instinct
   – Ego – manager
   – Superego – conscience


• Submilnation
 Civilization & Its Discontents, 1930
• Relationship between psychic activity & human
  society

• “What does man demand?”
   – Avoid pain & unpleasure
   – Experience pleasure


• Definition of happiness
           Critiques of Freud
• Repression

• Sexist

• Methodology

• Results & impact
Carl Jung
     • 1875-1961

     • Freud too narrow

     • Collective unconscious

     • Archtypes
Female Archetypes
Female Archetypes
Archetype of “Wise Man”
       Impact on Literature
• Archetypal themes

• Psychic life of dreams and memory
  exposed

• Pessimistic view
              Marcel Proust
• 1871-1922

• French author

• Incorporates Freudian
  “free association” in
  works
         Swann’s Way (1913)
• Part of A Remembrance of Things Past
  – 16 volume novel


• “Flowing together” of almost
  indistinguishably different moments

• Emphasizes the ability to reconstruct the past
  through memory – bring unconscious life to
  conscious level
Franz Kafka
      • 1883-1924

      • German Czech

      • Reality of dreams

      • Loss of logic

      • Surreal/ nightmarish
      The Metamorphosis (1915)
• Gregor Samsa wakes up as a conscious “vermin”

• Struggles between remaining a human in spite
  of changed appearance, and temptations to
  identify with this new body

• Power struggle within family & the family
  dynamics
James Joyce
      • 1882-1941

      • Irish author

      • Stream of consciousness
        prose

      • Influenced by Freud’s
        free association technique

      • Interior monolog
              Ulysses (1922)
• Modeled on The Odyssey but drastically different

• No longer heroic

• Discontinuous verse

• Action takes place in characters’ minds

• Sense of desolation
New Poetry
     • Stream of
       consciousness

     • Untraditional
       arrangement of verse

     • Concrete poem -
       Apollinaire
              ee cummings
• 1892-1962

• Biography

• Experimented
  radically

• Distortions & humor

				
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