Have od Had as main verb and auxilary

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					HAVE/HAD as a main verb and auxiliary
verb
By Swara Bhaskara on July 21, 2010 • 14:55 No Comments

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Hey Mr. Bhaskara,

These are my next requests. Please, check my grammar if there are some mistakes in my
sentences.

1. Kalimat had as a main verb, benarkah seperti ini:

I had been a carpenter two years ago before I built a new house.

2. Kalimat had as an auxiliary verb

I had seen a sunset at marina beach before I went to my village.

3. Kalau kalimatnya, “dia menikahi saya“, benarkah grammarnya kalau ditulis:

He is marry me/ He marries me or he marry me?

Shusy-po

ANSWER:

Dalam perfect tenses (e.g. present perfect, past perfect, future perfect, dst), have/has dan
had adalah auxiliary verb.

S                +                    have/has                  +                  verb3…
S         +          have/has              +            been         +           verbing…
S                 +                     had                    +                   verb3…
S          +           had              +              been          +           verbing…
S          +           will              +              have             +         verb3…
S + would + have + verb3… dst

Contoh:

    1. I had been a carpenter for two years before I built a new house.
    2. I had seen a sunset at Marina beach before I went to my village.
Di kedua kalimat ini had adalah auxiliary verb, sedangkan main verbnya berturut-turut
adalah been dan seen.

Tapi di kedua kalimat berikut, had yang kedua adalah main verb, sedangkan yang di
depannya adalah auxiliary.

   1. I had had my homework done before I submitted it. (PRku telah selesai dikerjakan
      (oleh orang lain yang aku suruh) sebelum aku menyetornya).
   2. She had had a car before I bought mine. (Dia telah punya sebuah mobil sebelum
      aku membeli mobilku).

3. Kalimatnya lebih tepat kalau dinyatakan dalam past tense: “He married me“, karena
action “menikahi” sudah in the past. Tapi kalau ingin menyatakan bahwa status “he”
adalah kawin dengan saya, maka “He is married to/with me“. Yes, dinyatakan dalam
simple present tense karena status perkawinannya masih berlangsung sampai sekarang
dan mungkin sampai selamanya.

NOTE: Di kalimat1 tidak perlu ada ago , dan perlu for agar sesuai dengan tensisnya.
Kalau for dan ago ditiadakan, maka sebaiknya dalam past tense: “I was a carpenter two
years before I built a new house

				
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