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					-AR Verbs
     • In Spanish, there are
       three classes (or
       conjugations) of verbs:
       those that end in –AR,
       those that end in –ER,
       and those that end in –IR.
     • This is important because
       the conjugation
       determines the endings
       you put on the verbs.
-AR Verbs
     • Let’s look at an
       example, the verb
       DESCANSAR,
       which means “to
       rest.” It ends in –AR,
       so it is included in this
       class.
DESCANSAR
   • The verb can be split into
     two parts:
   • The base: DESCANS-
   • The infinitive ending: -AR
DESCANSAR
    • Now let’s say “I rest.”
    • Start with the base:
      DESCANS-
    • When you talk about
      yourself, add –O.
DESCANSAR
    • yo descanso
DESCANSAR
    • Now let’s talk about
      you. When the
      subject is tú, you add
      –AS (remember that
      it’s an –AR verb).
DESCANSAR
    • tú descansas
DESCANSAR
    • When we talk about
      él, ella, or usted, we
      just add an –A.
DESCANSAR
    • él descansa
    • ella descansa
    • Ud. descansa
DESCANSAR
    • When the subject is
      “we,” add –AMOS to
      the base.
DESCANSAR
   • Nosotros descansamos
DESCANSAR
    • When the subject is
      ellos, ellas, or ustedes
      (more than one
      person, but the
      speaker is not part of
      the group), add –AN
      to the base.
DESCANSAR
    • ellos descansan
    • ellas descansan
    • Uds. descansan
So what now?
      • Any time you encounter a
        regular -AR verb, the
        endings to attach to the
        base will be the same!
      • yo -o
      • tú -as
      • él -a
      • ella -a
      • usted -a
      • nosotros -amos
      • ellos -an
      • ustedes -an
Let’s Practice!
        > HABLAR
        • yo _______
        • tú _______
        • él ________
        • nosotros ________
        • ellos _______
HABLAR
   •   yo hablo
   •   tú hablas
   •   él habla
   •   nosotros hablamos
   •   ellos hablan
COMPRAR
   •   yo _______
   •   tú _______
   •   ella ________
   •   nosotros ________
   •   ellas _______
COMPRAR
   •   yo compro
   •   tú compras
   •   ella compra
   •   nosotros compramos
   •   ellas compran
ESTUDIAR
    •   yo _______
    •   tú _______
    •   ella ________
    •   tú y yo ________
    •   Uds. _______
ESTUDIAR
    •   yo estudio
    •   tú estudias
    •   ella estudia
    •   tú y yo estudiamos
    •   Uds. estudian

    • Reminder: did you
      remember to keep the
      –i as part of the base?
More –AR Verbs
       • Here are some more verbs
         that work in exactly the
         same way:
       •   caminar
       •   escuchar
       •   esquiar
       •   llegar
       •   mirar
       •   montar
       •   nadar
       •   regresar
       •   sacar
       •   tomar
       •   trabajar
What’s Next?
      • You’re now ready to
        take on the two
        remaining verb
        classes, the –ER and
        –IR conjugations
        (Exercise #4).
      • Don’t worry!
        They’re easy!!

				
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posted:5/24/2012
language:English
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