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Hypertension Hypotension Hypotension



Hypotension is a state in which the blood pressure is too low to
circulate blood throughout the body. Unlike hypertension (high blood
pressure), which often is idiopathic (of unknown cause), hypotension
nearly always develops as a secondary condition. The most common cause is
taking too much of ANTIHYPERTENSIVE MEDICATIONS being used to treat
hypertension. Hypotension also is a common side effect of numerous
medications, especially ANTIDEPRESSANT MEDICATIONS, narcotic pain
relievers, and medications taken for conditions such as parkinson’s

Hypotension is common following stroke and heart attack, and with
injuries that result in significant blood loss. Often the hypotension
resolves as the body recovers, though a stroke can result in long-term
damage to parts of the brain responsible for regulating blood pressure.
Orthostatic hypotension, sometimes called postural hypotension, occurs
when there is a sudden drop in blood pressure when changing position,
usually from lying down to standing. Orthostatic hypotension is a side
effect of medications as well as a symptom of health conditions such as
arrhythmias, heart failure, and other heart disease in which the heart’s
ability to pump blood is compromised. Treatment for hypotension targets
the underlying cause.

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