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									     The LEP
     Special Tabulation
     of Census 2000 Data on Limited
     English Proficient Adults

     U.S. Department of Labor
     Employment & Training Administration

    The Department of Labor has sponsored a special tabulation of Census data on
    Limited English proficient (LEP) populations as a resource for planning
    employment and training services. Information is broken out for 39 Census
    languages and language clusters, and the tabulations are designed to match the
    service areas of states and local Workforce Investment Areas. Each state and
    local Workforce Investment Area (LWIA) has a separate Excel workbook file
    containing six worksheets or pages. In addition to this Introduction page, there
    are a Glossary, a Quick Reference Guide, and three large tables:

    Table 1: Total Population (the number of people in the state or LWIA age 5 and
    older who speak a language other than English at home, along with a self-reported
    measure of how well they speak English.)

    Table 2: Adults (the number of adults in the state or LWIA age 18 and older who
    speak a language other than English at home, along with a self-reported measure
    of how well they speak English.)

    Table 3: Characteristics (a socio-economic profile of the population that reports
    speaking English "not very well" or "not at all" with their employment status,
    occupation, income, earnings and other labor market characteristics.)

    Where the Data Come From
    Source data for the tabulations comes from a 1-in-6 sample of U.S. households
    contacted for the 2000 Census - - the same source used for many tables
    available through American FactFinder (http://factfinder.census.gov). The tables
    presented here were designed by DOL specifically with the workforce investment
    system in mind, and are not available through FactFinder. If you would like to
    check on the way your service area was defined for these tables, open
    "LWIA Definitions.xls" on the LEP Data Disk CD, or go to
    www.doleta.gov/usworkforce/lep/census.




LEP Special Tabulation                   Introduction                                   1
    What the Data Tables Contain
    · Tables 1 and 2 are estimates of the numbers of LEP people within the
    service area. They display the number and percentage of people within each
    language group who can speak English at four levels of ability, ranging from
    "very well" to "not at all." Understanding the entire range of language ability
    can be helpful in service planning, and it allows users to define their own
    cut-off points for limited English proficiency if needed. (For example, for some
    purposes, it may be useful to know the number of residents who speak English
    less than well.) There is also an estimate across all non-English languages, and
    an estimate of the population that speaks only English at home.

    Tables 1 and 2 are identical in layout: Table 1 includes the entire population
    age 5 and above, while Table 2 is limited to the population age 18 and above,
    who may be eligible for WIA services to Adults.

    · Table 3 takes a closer look at the social and economic characteristics of people
    who speak a language other than English at home and whose English proficiency
    is limited to speaking English "not well" or "not at all." Foreign language
    speakers who speak English "well" or "very well" are not represented
     in Table 3. Output covers the same 39 languages or language clusters that
     appear in Tables 1 and 2, plus a summary across all non-English languages.
    For purposes of comparison, there is also a column that shows the characteristics
    of residents who speak only English at home. Most measures refer to the
    population age 18 and over.

    Some Practical Tips for Using the Excel file
    Viewing a different table or page of this file: to navigate between tables or
    pages, just click on the gray tabs that appear near the bottom of your screen.

    Viewing the tables on-screen: Use the arrow keys, PageUp/ PageDown keys,
    and scroll bars to move to different parts of the table. The Zoom feature in the
    top menu bar (very much like Word's) allows you to reduce or enlarge the view.

    You can also hold the table headings in view while you move around in the table.
    Position the cursor at the 'corner' of the top and left-hand labels (cell B7 in Tables
    1 and 2, cell B10 in Table 3), and click on Window > Freeze panes in the top menu.

    Printing: The files are set up to print in landscape format, with column and row
    headings reproduced on each page. To print just one table, go to that table's
    worksheet and select File > Print > OK. To print the entire workbook (all tables,
    plus the Introduction, Quick Reference, and Glossary sheets), check 'Entire workbook'
    in the lower-left of the print dialogue box.

    Tables 1 and 2 should print out onto two pages, and Table 3 onto 18 pages.
    However, Excel files may print differently on different printers, and unnecessary



LEP Special Tabulation                    Introduction                                       2
    pages can sometimes be generated. To avoid this, select File > Print preview
    and check for nearly-blank pages. They can usually be eliminated by selecting
    File > Page setup > Page, and adjusting the scaling to 95% or 90% of normal size.

    For More Advanced Users: The tables are active Excel spreadsheets. The contents
    can be reformatted, and new worksheets can be created that analyze the data
    in different ways -- for example, by regrouping languages or creating new
    percentage measures.

    Identifiers and Missing LWIAs
    LWIA Identifiers. All tables show the state, and an LWIA name and number in
    the Heading information. Although it will usually be easy to identify your LWIA,
    some recent name changes may not be reflected in these listings.

    The LWIA number is the organization's official identifier in the DOL WIASRD
    database. In a few cases (mostly new LWIAs) the correct number could not be
    determined, and the LWIA was assigned a 'dummy' number ending in 99. The
    LWIA name and number can easily be changed before printing.

    LWIAs with statewide service areas (including District of Columbia, Puerto Rico,
    and the multi-state Navajo Nation service area) should use the state-level tabulations.

    Output for some LWIAs was censored because of insufficient population
    size. In all its published output, Census applies very strict rules to protect the
    confidentiality of individuals and families. The Census Disclosure Review Board
    scrutinized the LEP special tabulation very closely because of its very detailed
    breakout of small language groups, and in some cases determined that the
    population of an LWIA service area was too small to allow results to be published.

    Tabulations for 31 LWIAs were censored because of confidentiality concerns.
    In the ten states where this occurred, data for all censored service areas within
    the state were grouped together and presented under the title 'Balance of
    State.' A list of affected LWIAs appears at the end of these instructions.

    Limitations of the Data
    Like all data sources, the LEP special tabulation has limitations to keep in mind:

    · It refers to a single point in time (February 2000). The characteristics of the
    population may have changed since then.

    · Although the base sample is very large, it is still a sample and subject to a
    degree of statistical error. In most cases the Census Bureau has also rounded
    population counts to the nearest 0 or 5.

    ·   In some areas of the country, it is likely that recent immigrants were under-



LEP Special Tabulation                     Introduction                                       3
    counted in the 2000 Census, leading to under-estimates of the LEP population.

    · The crucial measure for defining LEP -- Ability to speak English -- is based on
    self-report, or on an answer given by another member of the household.

    · In some cases there may have been errors in reporting the type of language
    spoken at home, as the names used by speakers of a language to identify it may
    reflect ethnic, geographic, or political factors rather than true linguistic distinctions.

    Technical documentation for the source data in these tables (including definitions
    of terms and guidelines for calculating standard errors and confidence intervals)
    can be found in the Census 2000 Summary File 3 technical documentation,
    available at http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/doc/sf3.pdf. The Glossary
    worksheet that comes with the tables also provides helpful definitions of terms.


       LWIAs Which Could Not Be Tabulated Separately Due To Small Population Size


       State             Name                                       LWIA    Data can be found in...

      Arizona            Apache County                               4060   AZ Balance of State
                         Graham County                               4015     "    "
                         Greenlee County                             4020     "    "
                         Navajo County                               4075     "    "
                         Nineteen Tribal Nations WIA                 4090     "    "
                         Santa Cruz County                           4040     "    "
      California         Mendocino County                            6235   CA Balance of State
                         Richmond (city)                             6055     "    "
                         San Benito County                           6225     "    "
      Colorado           Big Ten Counties Northeast Colorado         8045   CO Balance of State
                         Northwest Region                            8045     "    "
                         South Central Region                        8045     "    "
                         Southeast Region                            8045     "    "
                         Southwest Region                            8045     "    "
                         Upper Arkansas Region                       8045     "    "
                         Western Region                              8045     "    "
      Florida             Florida Crown - Region 7                  12230   FL Balance of State
      Hawaii             County of Kauai                            15020   HI Balance of State
      Illinois           Vermilion County                           17090   IL Balance of State
      Iowa               Iowa Valley Community College, Region 6    19030   IA Balance of State
                         NW Iowa Planning; Regions 3                19100     "    "
                         NW Iowa Region 4                           19110     "    "
                         Region XII COG; Region 8                   19155     "    "
                         WIA Matura Action Corporation, Region 14   19150     "    "
      Minnesota          Duluth (city)                              27005   MN Balance of State
                         Northwest Minnesota                        27045     "    "
                         Winona County                              27080     "    "
      New York           Sullivan County                            36140   NY Balance of State
                         Tompkins County                            36225     "    "
      Oklahoma           Northwest Oklahoma                         40005   OK Balance of State




LEP Special Tabulation                             Introduction                                       4
      Oklahoma           Northwest Oklahoma                  40005   OK Balance of State




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Quick reference Guide to the LEP Special Tabulation

Tables 1 and 2
 The table Heading tells you what the tabulation is                         ‘Percent’ in the first four columns                      LWIA Number is the official
 about. It also describes the table‘s Universe (the                         refers to the percentage of people                       identifier in DOL’s WIASRD
 population that is covered, such as Adults 18 and                          within a language group who speak                        database. Where the LWIA
 older), and identifies the State and Local Workforce                       English Very Well, Not Well, etc.                        number wasn't available, a
 Investment Area.                                                           Those percentages add up to 100                          "dummy" number was
                                                                            for each language group.                                 assigned that ends in 99.




 Table 1. Ability to Speak English by Language Spoken at Home
 Universe: Total population
 Geography:                               Minnesota        Frostbite Falls Workforce Investment Area                                                  27095 LWIA#

                                                     Speak English        Speak English            Speak English         Speak English
                                                       "very well"              "well"                 "not well"          "not at all"               Total
      Language Spoken at Home                       Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
      Total population                                   (X)        (X)         (X)          (X)         (X)      (X)        (X)        (X)    893450            100
 Not in universe (population under 5 years)              (X)   In Table 1, children under 5
                                                                    (X)         (X)          (X)         (X)       Universe: (X)
                                                                                                                  (X)         Except for(X) top 62145
                                                                                                                                         the                    6.96
 Speak only English                                      (X)   are not counted(X)
                                                                    (X)          except in Line
                                                                                             (X)         (X)       three rows(X)the table, all
                                                                                                                  (X)         of        (X)    756670          84.69
 Speak language other than English                    44325    1, Total Population.
                                                                59.39      16660         22.32      10980          other 2675          3.58
                                                                                                                14.71 items in the table refer 74640            8.35
 African languages                                     2795     66.31        1020          24.2         370      8.78 people who speak a
                                                                                                                              30       0.71
                                                                                                                   to                             4215          0.47
 Arabic                                                 825     70.82          215       18.45          100      8.58
                                                                                                                   language other than2.15
                                                                                                                              25       English    1165          0.13
 Armenian                                                 40       100            0            0           0         0
                                                                                                                   at home.    0           0         40            0
                                                                            (X) in a cell means that the
 Chinese                                               1800     46.63        1165        30.18          705     18.26       190        4.92       3860          0.43
                                                                            measure does not apply to a
 French (incl. Patois, Cajun)                          2690     71.64          555       14.78          470     12.52         40       1.07       3755          0.42
                                                                            particular group, or that a
 French Creole                                            60    75.95            15      18.99             4     5.06          0           0         79         0.01
               The table is easy to                                         statistic is not relevant.                                         ‘Percent’ in the 0.64
 German                                                4370     76.53          810       14.19          510      8.93         20       0.35       5710
 Greek         interpret. Each row gives a              340     80.95            45      10.71            25     5.95         10       2.38    Total column 0.05
                                                                                                                                                    420
 Gujarathi     breakout of language ability             380     80.85            60      12.77            30     6.38          0           0   shows each
                                                                                                                                                    470         0.05
 Hebrew        for a particular language                490     81.67            60           10          50     8.33          0           0   language group 0.07
                                                                                                                                                                as
                                                                                                                                                    600
 Hindi         group within the service area            730     83.52          115       13.16            25     2.86          4       0.46    a percentage of the
                                                                                                                                                    874          0.1
 Hungarian     shown at the top. It shows               165     92.18             4        2.23           10     5.59          0           0         population 0.02
                                                                                                                                               total179         of
 Italian       counts and percentages.                  390     80.41            75      15.46            20     4.12          0           0   the service area.
                                                                                                                                                    485         0.05
 Japanese      The Totals column gives the              385     52.03          280       37.84            75    10.14          0           0        740         0.08
 Korean        total number of people in a              495       41.6         385       32.35          295     24.79         15       1.26       1190          0.13
 Laotian       language group, and their               1375     47.83          880       30.61          550     19.13         70       2.43       2875          0.32
                percentage in the area’s                                                                                      ‘Percent’ really means
                total population.                                                                                             percentage! If you see a very
                                                             This diagram shows only part of the table.
                                                             Tables 1 and 2 print out to two pages each.                      small number like ‘0.32’, it means
                                                                                                                              32 hundredths of a percent, or
                                                                                                                              0.0032.




Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                         27095 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                   Minnesota                               Frostbite Falls Workforce Investment Area

                                                                                                            Language Spoken at Home
                                                                For Comparison:                  LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                        LEP Population, All
                                                               Speak only English          Languages            African Languages         Arabic              Armenian
                         Subject                               Number        Percent    Number       Percent    Number    Percent    Number     Percent    Number      Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                           756,670       100.0       13,650      100.0       405      100.0        120      100.0           0    .
18 years and over                                                 601,255        79.5       10,105       74.0       355       87.7        110       91.7           0    .
65 years and over                                                  91,450        12.1        1,515       11.1        25        6.2          4        3.3           0    .

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                                  601,255       100.0       11,620      100.0       355      100.0        110      100.0           0    .
Less than 9th grade                                                 9,675         1.6        3,300       28.4       155       43.7         20       18.2           0    .
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                                33,950         5.7        2,145       18.5        60       16.9          4        3.6           0    .
High school graduate or equivalent                                139,220        23.2        2,560       22.0        80       22.5         30       27.3           0    .
Some college, no degree                                           153,460        25.5        1,510       13.0        25        7.0         15       13.6           0    .
      LEP degree
AssociateSpecial Tabulation                                          Quick
                                                                   46,915     Reference Guide
                                                                                 7.8        400           3.4        15        4.2         20       18.2       15
                                                                                                                                                                0       .
Quick reference Guide to the LEP Special Tabulation

Table 3
                                                                                    The table Heading items are similar to
                                                                                    Table 1 and Table 2.

Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                                     27095 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                          Minnesota                                  Frostbite Falls Workforce Investment Area

                                                                                                                     Language Spoken at Home
                                                                       For Comparison:                    LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                                 LEP Population, All
                                                                      Speak only English            Languages             African Languages           Arabic               Armenian
                            Subject                                   Number         Percent     Number        Percent    Number     Percent     Number     Percent    Number     Percent
AGE
                                    Use
    Total population (5 years and over) the Blue column 756,670       100.0        13,650                         100.0       Most
                                                                                                                   Universe: 405     of 100.0
                                                                                                                                        the statistics in the table refer to the Limited
                                                                                                                                                       120     100.0           0   .
18 years and over                   as a comparison     601,255        79.5        10,105                          English Proficient
                                                                                                                   74.0      355      (LEP) population. These are people0 .
                                                                                                                                         87.7          110      91.7            who
65 years and over                   group. It shows the   91,450       12.1         1,515                          speak a language other than English at home and speak .
                                                                                                                   11.1         25        6.2            4       3.3           0
                                    characteristics of                                                             English ‘Not well’ or ‘Not at all.’ People who speak another
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT              people and households                                                          language at home but speak English ‘Well’ or ‘Very well’
    Population 18 years and over who speak only         601,255       100.0        11,620                          are
                                                                                                                  100.0 not represented in this table at all. Except for the Total
                                                                                                                              355       100.0          110     100.0           0   .
Less than 9th grade                 English at home.       9,675         1.6        3,300                          Population155 at the top of thetable, al litems refer to 0 .
                                                                                                                   28.4        row       43.7           20      18.2           the
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                       33,950         5.7        2,145
                                                                                                                   population aged 18 and over or to whole households. 0 .
                                                                                                                   18.5         60       16.9            4       3.6
High school graduate or equivalent                      139,220        23.2         2,560                          22.0         80        22.5         30       27.3          0    .
Some college, no degree                                 153,460 The first Green column
                                                                       25.5         1,510                          13.0         25         7.0         15       13.6          0    .
Associate degree                                          46,915 gives totals for LEP 400
                                                                         7.8                                        3.4         15         4.2         20       18.2          0    .
Bachelor's degree                                       160,855 people in all language
                                                                       26.8         1,170                          10.1         15         4.2         25       22.7          0    .
Graduate or professional degree                           57,185 groups. 9.5          535                           4.6          4         1.1          0        0.0          0    .

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over                              12,780         100.0        9,535       100.0        355       100.0        110      100.0          0    .
Entered before 1990                                                         8,575         67.1        3,025        31.7         15
                                                                                                                                        In this table, statistics are shown as0 .
                                                                                                                                            4.2         25        22.7
                                                                                                                                        column percentages - that is the
1990 to 1995                                                                2,130         16.7        3,010        31.6        125        35.2          30        27.3         0   .
                                                                                                                                        percentage of those in a language group
1996 to March 2000                                                          2,075         16.2        3,495        36.7        215        60.6          55        50.0         0
                                                                                                                                        who have a specific characteristic. For .
EMPLOYMENT STATUS                                                                                                                       example, in this illustration, 1.1% of the
     Population 18 years and over                                        601,255         100.0       11,620       100.0        355
                                                                                                                                        African language LEP100.0
                                                                                                                                         100.0         110
                                                                                                                                                                  population have a.
                                                                                                                                                                               0
                                                                                                                                        graduate or professional degree.
In labor force                                                           455,970          75.8        7,005        60.3        210        59.2         65       59.1          0    .
  Civilian                                                               455,620          75.8        7,005        60.3        210        59.2         65       59.1          0    .
     Employed                                                            444,205          73.9        6,530        56.2        145        40.9         55       50.0          0    .
     Unemployed                                                           11,415           1.9          475         4.1         65        18.3         10        9.1          0    .
       Percent of civilian labor force                                        2.5          (X)          6.8         (X)       31.0         (X)       15.4        (X)          .        (X)
  In armed forces                                                            350           0.1            The
                                                                                                          0    tables come with a Glossary that explains important
                                                                                                                   0.0        0         0.0          0         0.0            0    .
                                                                                                          terms and definitions. In the Excel file, look for the gray
Not in labor force                                                       145,285          24.2        4,615      39.7       145        40.9         45        40.9            0    .
                                                                                                          tab that says “Glossary,” at the bottom, just to the right of
OCCUPATION                                                                                                "Characteristics"
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                               444,205         100.0        6,530       100.0        145       100.0         55      100.0          0    .
Management, professional, and related occupations                        194,335          43.8          975        14.9          4         2.8          4        7.3          0    .
Service occupations                                                       42,170           9.5        1,880        28.8         80        55.2         30       54.6          0    .
Sales and office occupations                                             132,505          29.8          900        13.8         30        20.7          4        7.3          0    .
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations                     30,425           6.9          395         6.1          0         0.0          0        0.0          0    .
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                                   605           0.1            20        0.3          0         0.0          0        0.0          0    .
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations               44,165           9.9        2,365        36.2         30        20.7         20       36.4          0    .

INCOME IN 1999                                          For some measures the
   Households                                                              322,720
                                                        statistic refers not to        100.0          4,110       100.0         95       100.0          4      100.0          0    .
With public assistance income                           individuals, but to the
                                                                              5,425      1.7            670        16.3         55        57.9          0        0.0          0    .
No public assistance income                             household or family.
                                                                           317,295      98.3          3,440        83.7         40      42.1          4     100.0
                                                                                                                          (X) means that a statistic does not                 0    .
                                                        Households or families are                                        apply. For example, ‘Percent’ is not
Median household income (dollars)                                            the head of (X)
                                                        counted as LEP if 61,808                     40,110         (X)   reported for median income measures.
                                                                                                                            11,250       (X)     85,489        (X)            0        (X)
                                                        household is defined as LEP.
Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                                       48,078           (X)       26,883         (X)     12,083         (X)     45,917        (X)          0        (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                                     34,197           (X)       22,207         (X)     26,875         (X)     35,000        (X)          0        (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                             217,820         100.0        3,290       100.0         80       100.0          4      100.0          0    .
Below poverty level                                                         4,015          1.8          575        17.5         55        68.8     This 0         shows only 0 .
                                                                                                                                                         diagram0.0          part
At or above poverty level                                                213,805          98.2        2,715        82.5         25        31.3     of the table. Table 3 should .
                                                                                                                                                        4      100.0         0
                                                                                                                                                   print out to 18 pages.
LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                           322,720         100.0        4,110       100.0         95       100.0          4      100.0          0    .
Linguistically isolated                                                         0          0.0        2,765        67.3         75        79.0          0        0.0          0    .
Not linguistically isolated                                              322,720         100.0        1,345        32.7         15        15.8          4      100.0          0    .


       LEP Special Tabulation                                                Quick Reference Guide                                                                           16
At or above poverty level     213,805    98.2      2,715    82.5   25    31.3   4   100.0   0    .

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                322,720   100.0      4,110   100.0   95   100.0   4   100.0   0    .
Linguistically isolated            0      0.0      2,765    67.3   75    79.0   0     0.0   0    .
Not linguistically isolated   322,720   100.0      1,345    32.7   15    15.8   4   100.0   0    .




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                                                                                                                               Page 29 of 154
Table 1. Ability to Speak English by Language Spoken at Home
Universe: Total population
Geography:                             North Carolina                     Charlotte/ Mecklenburg                                 37045 LWIA#

                                          Speak English "very     Speak English     Speak English "not Speak English "not
                                                 well"               "well"               well"              at all"               Total
    Language Spoken at Home                Number Percent        Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent                Number      Percent
     Total population                             (X)      (X)         (X)      (X)        (X)      (X)       (X)      (X)     695,455      100.0
Not in universe (population under 5 years)        (X)      (X)         (X)      (X)        (X)      (X)       (X)      (X)      50,265        7.2
Speak only English                                (X)      (X)         (X)      (X)        (X)      (X)       (X)      (X)     560,785       80.6
Speak language other than English             41,075      48.7     17,390      20.6    17,875      21.2    8,060       9.6      84,400       12.1
African languages                              1,755      64.3        730      26.7       185       6.8        60      2.2       2,730        0.4
Arabic                                         1,845      75.0        430      17.5       150       6.1        35      1.4       2,460        0.4
Armenian                                           15     79.0           0      0.0          4     21.1         0      0.0          19        0.0
Chinese                                        1,175      49.3        610      25.6       475      19.9      125       5.2       2,385        0.3
French (incl. Patois, Cajun)                   3,070      72.2        740      17.4       400       9.4        40      0.9       4,250        0.6
French Creole                                    245      76.6          60     18.8         15      4.7         0      0.0         320        0.1
German                                         2,715      79.0        550      16.0       170       5.0         0      0.0       3,435        0.5
Greek                                          1,675      72.0        380      16.3       240      10.3        30      1.3       2,325        0.3
Gujarathi                                      1,085      69.3        335      21.4       135       8.6        10      0.6       1,565        0.2
Hebrew                                           105      84.0          10      8.0         10      8.0         0      0.0         125        0.0
Hindi                                            475      80.7          80     13.6         30      5.1         4      0.7         589        0.1
Hungarian                                          90     64.3          15     10.7         35     25.0         0      0.0         140        0.0
Italian                                          570      75.0          95     12.5         85     11.2        10      1.3         760        0.1
Japanese                                         390      55.8        210      30.0         95     13.6         4      0.6         699        0.1
Korean                                           845      38.3        740      33.6       530      24.0        90      4.1       2,205        0.3
Laotian                                          365      35.6        405      39.5       205      20.0        50      4.9       1,025        0.2
Miao, Hmong                                      305      39.4        355      45.8       105      13.6        10      1.3         775        0.1
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                             535      46.7        205      17.9       310      27.1        95      8.3       1,145        0.2
Navajo                                              0    .               0    .              0    .             0    .               0        0.0
Other and unspecified languages                  240      61.5          65     16.7         85     21.8         0      0.0         390        0.1
Other Asian languages                            760      80.9        150      16.0         30      3.2         0      0.0         940        0.1
Other Indic languages                            350      49.0        250      35.0         65      9.1        50      7.0         715        0.1
Other Indo-European languages                    290      58.0        150      30.0         50     10.0        10      2.0         500        0.1
Other Native North American languages              65     78.3          10     12.1          4      4.8         4      4.8          83        0.0
Other Pacific Island languages                   105      42.0          75     30.0         45     18.0        25     10.0         250        0.0
Other Slavic languages                           255      49.0        150      28.9       100      19.2        15      2.9         520        0.1
Other West Germanic languages                    205      89.1          25     10.9          0      0.0         0      0.0         230        0.0
Persian                                          295      60.8        140      28.9         40      8.3        10      2.1         485        0.1
Polish                                           205      54.7          85     22.7         70     18.7        15      4.0         375        0.1
                                                                                                                        Page 30 of 154
Table 1. Ability to Speak English by Language Spoken at Home
Universe: Total population
Geography:                             North Carolina              Charlotte/ Mecklenburg                                 37045 LWIA#

                                    Speak English "very    Speak English     Speak English "not Speak English "not
                                           well"              "well"               well"              at all"               Total
  Language Spoken at Home            Number Percent       Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent                Number      Percent
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole            380     71.2         65     12.2         85      15.9         4      0.8         534        0.1
Russian                                    380     39.6        400     41.7        160      16.7       20       2.1         960        0.1
Scandinavian languages                     210    100.0          0       0.0         0       0.0         0      0.0         210        0.0
Serbo-Croatian                             200     37.4        160     29.9        140      26.2       35       6.5         535        0.1
Spanish or Spanish Creole               17,535     38.9      8,160     18.1     12,350      27.4    7,015      15.6      45,060        6.5
Tagalog                                    510     72.3        155     22.0         40       5.7         0      0.0         705        0.1
Thai                                       110     43.1         85     33.3         60      23.5         0      0.0         255        0.0
Urdu                                       370     78.7         70     14.9         15       3.2       15       3.2         470        0.1
Vietnamese                               1,310     31.6      1,210     29.2      1,350      32.5      280       6.8       4,150        0.6
Yiddish                                     35     50.0         35     50.0          0       0.0         0      0.0          70        0.0
                                                                                                                           Page 31 of 154
Table 2. Ability to Speak English by Language Spoken at Home
Universe: Population 18 years and over
Geography:                             North Carolina                 Charlotte/ Mecklenburg                                 37045 LWIA#

                                      Speak English "very     Speak English     Speak English "not Speak English "not
                                             well"               "well"               well"              at all"               Total
    Language Spoken at Home            Number Percent        Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent                Number      Percent
     Total population 18 and over             (X)      (X)         (X)      (X)        (X)      (X)       (X)      (X)     521,995      100.0
Speak only English                            (X)      (X)         (X)      (X)        (X)      (X)       (X)      (X)     452,795       86.7
Speak language other than English         31,925      46.1     14,170      20.5    15,800      22.8    7,305      10.6      69,200       13.3
African languages                          1,320      64.4        545      26.6       140       6.8        45      2.2       2,050        0.4
Arabic                                     1,405      74.1        375      19.8         80      4.2        35      1.9       1,895        0.4
Armenian                                       15   100.0            0      0.0          0      0.0         0      0.0          15        0.0
Chinese                                      855      44.2        535      27.7       420      21.7      125       6.5       1,935        0.4
French (incl. Patois, Cajun)               2,580      72.2        645      18.0       320       9.0        30      0.8       3,575        0.7
French Creole                                200      78.7          50     19.7          4      1.6         0      0.0         254        0.1
German                                     2,315      80.8        435      15.2       115       4.0         0      0.0       2,865        0.6
Greek                                      1,440      69.2        370      17.8       240      11.5        30      1.4       2,080        0.4
Gujarathi                                    910      66.4        315      23.0       135       9.9        10      0.7       1,370        0.3
Hebrew                                         65     76.5          10     11.8         10     11.8         0      0.0          85        0.0
Hindi                                        435      79.2          80     14.6         30      5.5         4      0.7         549        0.1
Hungarian                                      90     75.0          15     12.5         15     12.5         0      0.0         120        0.0
Italian                                      540      75.5          80     11.2         85     11.9        10      1.4         715        0.1
Japanese                                     375      59.2        190      30.0         65     10.3         4      0.6         634        0.1
Korean                                       520      28.8        670      37.1       525      29.1        90      5.0       1,805        0.4
Laotian                                      260      30.6        355      41.8       190      22.4        45      5.3         850        0.2
Miao, Hmong                                  175      44.3        140      35.4         70     17.7        10      2.5         395        0.1
Mon-Khmer, Cambodian                         325      38.2        180      21.2       250      29.4        95     11.2         850        0.2
Navajo                                          0    .               0    .              0    .             0    .               0        0.0
Other and unspecified languages              170      59.7          45     15.8         70     24.6         0      0.0         285        0.1
Other Asian languages                        740      80.4        150      16.3         30      3.3         0      0.0         920        0.2
Other Indic languages                        300      48.0        210      33.6         65     10.4        50      8.0         625        0.1
Other Indo-European languages                200      50.0        140      35.0         50     12.5        10      2.5         400        0.1
Other Native North American languages          60     76.9          10     12.8          4      5.1         4      5.1          78        0.0
Other Pacific Island languages                 85     37.8          70     31.1         45     20.0        25     11.1         225        0.0
Other Slavic languages                       180      42.4        140      32.9         90     21.2        15      3.5         425        0.1
Other West Germanic languages                195      88.6          25     11.4          0      0.0         0      0.0         220        0.0
Persian                                      225      54.2        140      33.7         40      9.6        10      2.4         415        0.1
Polish                                       185      52.9          80     22.9         70     20.0        15      4.3         350        0.1
Portuguese or Portuguese Creole              315      69.4          50     11.0         85     18.7         4      0.9         454        0.1
                                                                                                                        Page 32 of 154
Table 2. Ability to Speak English by Language Spoken at Home
Universe: Population 18 years and over
Geography:                             North Carolina              Charlotte/ Mecklenburg                                 37045 LWIA#

                                    Speak English "very    Speak English     Speak English "not Speak English "not
                                           well"              "well"               well"              at all"               Total
  Language Spoken at Home            Number Percent       Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent                Number      Percent
Russian                                    280     37.6        295     39.6        150      20.1       20       2.7         745        0.1
Scandinavian languages                     165    100.0          0       0.0         0       0.0         0      0.0         165        0.0
Serbo-Croatian                             100     28.2        110     31.0        110      31.0       35       9.9         355        0.1
Spanish or Spanish Creole               13,070     35.5      6,390     17.4     11,035      30.0    6,295      17.1      36,790        7.1
Tagalog                                    440     69.3        155     24.4         40       6.3         0      0.0         635        0.1
Thai                                        90     40.0         85     37.8         50      22.2         0      0.0         225        0.0
Urdu                                       300     77.9         55     14.3         15       3.9       15       3.9         385        0.1
Vietnamese                                 965     28.4      1,010     29.7      1,150      33.8      275       8.1       3,400        0.7
Yiddish                                     35     50.0         35     50.0          0       0.0         0      0.0          70        0.0
                                                                                                                                                       Page 1 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                 37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         North Carolina                            Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                                    Language Spoken at Home
                                                      For Comparison:                    LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                LEP Population, All
                                                     Speak only English            Languages            African Languages         Arabic              Armenian
                       Subject                       Number         Percent     Number       Percent    Number     Percent    Number    Percent    Number   Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                 560,785       100.0         25,935      100.0       245      100.0       185       100.0        4        100.0
18 years and over                                       452,795        80.7         23,105       89.1       185       75.5       115        62.2        0          0.0
65 years and over                                        56,290        10.0          1,000        3.9        25       10.2        20        10.8        0          0.0

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                        452,795       100.0         23,105      100.0       185      100.0       115       100.0        0    .
Less than 9th grade                                      12,530          2.8         8,425       36.5        35       18.9        10         8.7        0    .
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                      45,030          9.9         5,720       24.8        60       32.4        20        17.4        0    .
High school graduate or equivalent                       92,215        20.4          4,735       20.5        30       16.2        20        17.4        0    .
Some college, no degree                                 112,285        24.8          1,820        7.9        20       10.8        25        21.7        0    .
Associate degree                                         29,270          6.5           520        2.3        35       18.9         0         0.0        0    .
Bachelor's degree                                       119,200        26.3          1,190        5.2         0         0.0       45        39.1        0    .
Graduate or professional degree                          42,265          9.3           700        3.0         0         0.0        0         0.0        0    .

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over             10,240       100.0         20,830      100.0       185      100.0       115       100.0        0    .
Entered before 1990                                        6,365       62.2          4,365       21.0        15         8.1       10         8.7        0    .
1990 to 1995                                               1,855       18.1          5,705       27.4        35       18.9        20        17.4        0    .
1996 to March 2000                                         2,015       19.7         10,760       51.7       135       73.0        85        73.9        0    .

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                       452,795       100.0         23,105      100.0       185      100.0       115       100.0        0    .
In labor force                                          333,315        73.6         15,890       68.8        85       46.0        50        43.5        0    .
  Civilian                                              333,055        73.6         15,890       68.8        85       46.0        50        43.5        0    .
     Employed                                           317,160        70.0         14,850       64.3        75       40.5        50        43.5        0    .
     Unemployed                                          15,895          3.5         1,040        4.5        10         5.4        0         0.0        0    .
       Percent of civilian labor force                        4.8         (X)          6.5        (X)       11.8        (X)       0.0        (X)        .          (X)
  In armed forces                                           260          0.1             0        0.0         0         0.0        0         0.0        0    .
Not in labor force                                      119,480        26.4          7,215       31.2       100       54.1        65        56.5        0    .
                                                                                                                                                                    Page 2 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                              37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    North Carolina                            Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                                               Language Spoken at Home
                                                                 For Comparison:                    LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                           LEP Population, All
                                                                Speak only English            Languages            African Languages         Arabic                Armenian
                           Subject                              Number        Percent      Number       Percent    Number     Percent    Number    Percent      Number    Percent
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                         317,160      100.0          14,850      100.0        75      100.0        50         100.0        0     .
Management, professional, and related occupations                  133,435       42.1           1,180        8.0        10       13.3        20          40.0        0     .
Service occupations                                                 34,915       11.0           3,175       21.4        20       26.7         0           0.0        0     .
Sales and office occupations                                        97,035       30.6           1,380        9.3        20       26.7        20          40.0        0     .
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations               20,395         6.4          4,985       33.6         0         0.0        0           0.0        0     .
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                             225         0.1            170        1.1         0         0.0        0           0.0        0     .
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations         31,155         9.8          3,955       26.6        20       26.7        10          20.0        0     .

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                      244,590      100.0           7,090      100.0        50      100.0        10         100.0        0     .
With public assistance income                                         5,565        2.3            210        3.0         0         0.0       10         100.0        0     .
No public assistance income                                        239,025       97.7           6,880       97.0        50      100.0         0           0.0        0     .


Median household income (dollars)                                   51,171           (X)       36,657        (X)     41,806        (X)    13,750          (X)        0         (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                                 42,332           (X)       20,492        (X)     26,500        (X)    11,944          (X)     2,499        (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                               30,497           (X)       18,668        (X)     15,469        (X)    46,250          (X)     2,499        (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                       155,635      100.0           5,665      100.0        45      100.0         0     .                0     .
Below poverty level                                                   8,960        5.8          1,150       20.3         0         0.0        0     .                0     .
At or above poverty level                                          146,675       94.2           4,515       79.7        45      100.0         0     .                0     .

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                     244,590      100.0           7,090      100.0        50      100.0        10         100.0        0     .
Linguistically isolated                                                  0         0.0          5,485       77.4        30       60.0        10         100.0        0     .
Not linguistically isolated                                        244,590      100.0           1,605       22.6        15       30.0         0           0.0        0     .
                                                                                                                                                      Page 3 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                          37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         North Carolina                    Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                    Language Spoken at Home
                                                                         LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                         French (incl Patois,
                                                       Chinese                 Cajun)            French Creole            German                Greek
                       Subject                     Number     Percent     Number     Percent    Number    Percent      Number    Percent    Number    Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                600       100.0         440      100.0        15     100.0         170      100.0       270       100.0
18 years and over                                      545        90.8         350       79.6         4      26.7         115       67.7       270       100.0
65 years and over                                      135        22.5          40        9.1         0        0.0         20       11.8       115        42.6

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                       545       100.0         350      100.0         4     100.0         115      100.0       270       100.0
Less than 9th grade                                    115        21.1          10        2.9         4     100.0          10         8.7      130        48.2
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                     95        17.4          30        8.6         0        0.0          4         3.5       55        20.4
High school graduate or equivalent                     140        25.7          60       17.1         0        0.0         15       13.0        25         9.3
Some college, no degree                                 60        11.0         130       37.1         0        0.0         55       47.8        15         5.6
Associate degree                                         4         0.7          30        8.6         0        0.0         20       17.4        10         3.7
Bachelor's degree                                       85        15.6          50       14.3         0        0.0         10         8.7       25         9.3
Graduate or professional degree                         50         9.2          35       10.0         0        0.0          4         3.5        4         1.5

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over           525       100.0         160      100.0         4     100.0          30      100.0       230       100.0
Entered before 1990                                    320        61.0           4        2.5         4     100.0          25       83.3       220        95.7
1990 to 1995                                           145        27.6          30       18.8         0        0.0          0         0.0        0         0.0
1996 to March 2000                                      60        11.4         130       81.3         0        0.0          4       13.3         4         1.7

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                      545       100.0         350      100.0         4     100.0         115      100.0       270       100.0
In labor force                                         290        53.2         240       68.6         4     100.0          80       69.6       145        53.7
  Civilian                                             290        53.2         240       68.6         4     100.0          80       69.6       145        53.7
     Employed                                          280        51.4         225       64.3         4     100.0          65       56.5       130        48.2
     Unemployed                                         10         1.8          15        4.3         0        0.0         10         8.7       15         5.6
       Percent of civilian labor force                  3.4        (X)         6.3        (X)       0.0          (X)      12.5        (X)      10.3        (X)
  In armed forces                                        0         0.0           0        0.0         0        0.0          0         0.0        0         0.0
Not in labor force                                     255        46.8         110       31.4         0        0.0         40       34.8       125        46.3
                                                                                                                                                                 Page 4 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                     37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    North Carolina                    Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                               Language Spoken at Home
                                                                                    LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                    French (incl Patois,
                                                                  Chinese                 Cajun)            French Creole            German                Greek
                           Subject                            Number     Percent     Number     Percent    Number    Percent      Number    Percent    Number    Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                        280       100.0         225      100.0         4        100.0       65      100.0       130       100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations                  55        19.6          70       31.1         0          0.0       40       61.5        20        15.4
Service occupations                                               110        39.3          30       13.3         4        100.0       20       30.8        30        23.1
Sales and office occupations                                       75        26.8          65       28.9         0          0.0        4         6.2       45        34.6
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations               0         0.0          10        4.4         0          0.0        0         0.0       15        11.5
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                          0         0.0           0        0.0         0          0.0        0         0.0        0         0.0
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations        45        16.1          50       22.2         0          0.0        0         0.0       20        15.4

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                     225       100.0         145      100.0         0    .               45      100.0       130       100.0
With public assistance income                                      20         8.9          10        6.9         0    .                0         0.0        0         0.0
No public assistance income                                       205        91.1         135       93.1         0    .               45      100.0       130       100.0


Median household income (dollars)                               33,446        (X)      40,093        (X)         0          (X)    50,455        (X)    24,760        (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                             19,375        (X)      24,375        (X)     2,499          (X)    26,136        (X)    41,389        (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                           16,743        (X)      19,444        (X)     2,499          (X)    36,071        (X)    24,750        (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                      220       100.0          65      100.0         0    .               30      100.0        90       100.0
Below poverty level                                                35        15.9          20       30.8         0    .                0         0.0        0         0.0
At or above poverty level                                         180        81.8          45       69.2         0    .               30      100.0        90       100.0

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                    225       100.0         145      100.0         0    .               45      100.0       130       100.0
Linguistically isolated                                           140        62.2         110       75.9         0    .               30       66.7        70        53.9
Not linguistically isolated                                        85        37.8          35       24.1         0    .               15       33.3        60        46.2
                                                                                                                                                        Page 5 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                            37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         North Carolina                      Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                      Language Spoken at Home
                                                                           LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"


                                                       Gujarathi                Hebrew                  Hindi              Hungarian              Italian
                       Subject                     Number     Percent       Number     Percent      Number    Percent    Number    Percent    Number    Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                145         100.0         10         100.0       35      100.0        35      100.0        95        100.0
18 years and over                                      145         100.0         10         100.0       35      100.0        15        42.9       95        100.0
65 years and over                                       30          20.7          0           0.0       10       28.6         4        11.4       25         26.3

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                       145         100.0         10         100.0       35      100.0        15      100.0        95        100.0
Less than 9th grade                                     15          10.3          0           0.0        0         0.0        0         0.0        0          0.0
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                     35          24.1          0           0.0       10       28.6         0         0.0       20         21.1
High school graduate or equivalent                      50          34.5          0           0.0        4       11.4         4        26.7       40         42.1
Some college, no degree                                   4          2.8         10         100.0        0         0.0        0         0.0       25         26.3
Associate degree                                          0          0.0          0           0.0        0         0.0       10        66.7        0          0.0
Bachelor's degree                                         0          0.0          0           0.0       10       28.6         0         0.0       10         10.5
Graduate or professional degree                         35          24.1          0           0.0       10       28.6         0         0.0        0          0.0

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over           145         100.0          0     .               35      100.0        10      100.0        35        100.0
Entered before 1990                                     25          17.2          0     .               10       28.6        10      100.0        25         71.4
1990 to 1995                                            55          37.9          0     .               15       42.9         0         0.0       10         28.6
1996 to March 2000                                      65          44.8          0     .               10       28.6         0         0.0        0          0.0

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                      145         100.0         10         100.0       35      100.0        15      100.0        95        100.0
In labor force                                          80          55.2         10         100.0       10       28.6        15      100.0        65         68.4
  Civilian                                              80          55.2         10         100.0       10       28.6        15      100.0        65         68.4
     Employed                                           80          55.2         10         100.0       10       28.6         4        26.7       65         68.4
     Unemployed                                           0          0.0          0           0.0        0         0.0       10        66.7        0          0.0
       Percent of civilian labor force                  0.0          (X)         0.0          (X)       0.0        (X)      66.7        (X)       0.0         (X)
  In armed forces                                         0          0.0          0           0.0        0         0.0        0         0.0        0          0.0
Not in labor force                                      65          44.8          0           0.0       20       57.1         0         0.0       30         31.6
                                                                                                                                                                      Page 6 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                          37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    North Carolina                      Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                                 Language Spoken at Home
                                                                                      LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"


                                                                  Gujarathi                Hebrew                  Hindi                 Hungarian              Italian
                           Subject                            Number     Percent       Number     Percent      Number    Percent       Number    Percent    Number    Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                         80         100.0         10         100.0       10          100.0        4      100.0        65        100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations                  30          37.5          0           0.0        0            0.0        0         0.0        0          0.0
Service occupations                                                  0          0.0          0           0.0       10          100.0        4      100.0        35         53.9
Sales and office occupations                                       20          25.0         10         100.0        0            0.0        0         0.0       10         15.4
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations                0          0.0          0           0.0        0            0.0        0         0.0        0          0.0
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                           0          0.0          0           0.0        0            0.0        0         0.0        0          0.0
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations        30          37.5          0           0.0        0            0.0        0         0.0       20         30.8

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                      10         100.0          0     .                0      .               15      100.0        55        100.0
With public assistance income                                        0          0.0          0     .                0      .                0         0.0        0          0.0
No public assistance income                                        10         100.0          0     .                0      .               15      100.0        55        100.0


Median household income (dollars)                               51,250          (X)          0           (X)        0            (X)    55,682        (X)    37,000         (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                             28,393          (X)       2,499          (X)     2,499           (X)     2,499        (X)    68,750         (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                           12,045          (X)      33,750          (X)     2,499           (X)     2,499        (X)    23,594         (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                       10         100.0          0     .                0      .               10      100.0        20        100.0
Below poverty level                                                  0          0.0          0     .                0      .                0         0.0        0          0.0
At or above poverty level                                          10         100.0          0     .                0      .               10      100.0        20        100.0

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                     10         100.0          0     .                0      .               15      100.0        55        100.0
Linguistically isolated                                              0          0.0          0     .                0      .                4        26.7       30         54.6
Not linguistically isolated                                        10         100.0          0     .                0      .               10        66.7       25         45.5
                                                                                                                                                     Page 7 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                         37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         North Carolina                    Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                    Language Spoken at Home
                                                                         LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                                                                             Mon-Khmer,
                                                       Japanese                Korean               Laotian             Miao, Hmong          Cambodian
                       Subject                     Number     Percent     Number     Percent    Number    Percent     Number    Percent    Number    Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                100      100.0         625       100.0      255        100.0      110      100.0       405       100.0
18 years and over                                       75        75.0        615        98.4      235         92.2       75       68.2       345        85.2
65 years and over                                        0         0.0         50         8.0       30         11.8        0         0.0       25         6.2

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                        75      100.0         615       100.0      235        100.0       75      100.0       345       100.0
Less than 9th grade                                      0         0.0         85        13.8       90         38.3       15       20.0       215        62.3
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                      0         0.0         65        10.6       45         19.2        4         5.3       50        14.5
High school graduate or equivalent                      20        26.7        225        36.6       70         29.8       55       73.3        55        15.9
Some college, no degree                                 15        20.0         70        11.4       20          8.5        0         0.0       10         2.9
Associate degree                                        20        26.7         70        11.4         0         0.0        4         5.3        4         1.2
Bachelor's degree                                       20        26.7         70        11.4         4         1.7        0         0.0        0         0.0
Graduate or professional degree                          0         0.0         30         4.9         0         0.0        0         0.0        4         1.2

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over            55      100.0         575       100.0      230        100.0       75      100.0       330       100.0
Entered before 1990                                     10        18.2        365        63.5      190         82.6       30       40.0       165        50.0
1990 to 1995                                             4         7.3        130        22.6       35         15.2       45       60.0       105        31.8
1996 to March 2000                                      40        72.7         80        13.9         4         1.7        0         0.0       60        18.2

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                       75      100.0         615       100.0      235        100.0       75      100.0       345       100.0
In labor force                                          35        46.7        380        61.8      145         61.7       20       26.7       205        59.4
  Civilian                                              35        46.7        380        61.8      145         61.7       20       26.7       205        59.4
     Employed                                           35        46.7        365        59.4      140         59.6       20       26.7       200        58.0
     Unemployed                                          0         0.0         15         2.4         4         1.7        0         0.0        4         1.2
       Percent of civilian labor force                  0.0        (X)         3.9        (X)       2.8         (X)       0.0        (X)       2.0        (X)
  In armed forces                                        0         0.0          0         0.0         0         0.0        0         0.0        0         0.0
Not in labor force                                      40        53.3        235        38.2       90         38.3       60       80.0       140        40.6
                                                                                                                                                                Page 8 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                    37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    North Carolina                    Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                               Language Spoken at Home
                                                                                    LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                                                                                        Mon-Khmer,
                                                                  Japanese                Korean               Laotian             Miao, Hmong          Cambodian
                           Subject                            Number     Percent     Number     Percent    Number    Percent     Number    Percent    Number    Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                         35      100.0         365       100.0      140        100.0       20      100.0       200       100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations                  15        42.9         50        13.7       30         21.4        0         0.0       15         7.5
Service occupations                                                10        28.6        115        31.5         0         0.0        0         0.0       20        10.0
Sales and office occupations                                       10        28.6         75        20.6       15         10.7        0         0.0       15         7.5
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations               0         0.0         40        11.0         0         0.0        4       20.0        15         7.5
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                          0         0.0          0         0.0         0         0.0        0         0.0        0         0.0
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations         0         0.0         85        23.3       95         67.9       10       50.0       135        67.5

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                      35      100.0         205       100.0      115        100.0       15      100.0       120       100.0
With public assistance income                                       0         0.0         20         9.8         0         0.0        0         0.0        0         0.0
No public assistance income                                        35      100.0         185        90.2      115        100.0       15      100.0       120       100.0


Median household income (dollars)                               34,028        (X)      60,213        (X)    37,813         (X)   126,243        (X)    35,958        (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                             44,205        (X)      40,958        (X)    17,212         (X)    36,750        (X)    23,889        (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                           33,750        (X)      21,513        (X)    25,302         (X)    42,917        (X)    17,125        (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                       35      100.0         205       100.0       95        100.0       15      100.0        95       100.0
Below poverty level                                                 4        11.4         10         4.9       10         10.5        0         0.0        0         0.0
At or above poverty level                                          35      100.0         195        95.1       90         94.7       15      100.0        95       100.0

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                     35      100.0         205       100.0      115        100.0       15      100.0       120       100.0
Linguistically isolated                                            15        42.9        175        85.4       90         78.3       15      100.0        80        66.7
Not linguistically isolated                                        20        57.1         30        14.6       25         21.7        0         0.0       40        33.3
                                                                                                                                                     Page 9 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                        37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         North Carolina                  Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                  Language Spoken at Home
                                                                       LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
                                                                           Other and                                                          Other Indo-
                                                                          Unspecified           Other Asian           Other Indic             European
                                                        Navajo             languages            languages             languages              languages
                       Subject                     Number    Percent    Number     Percent    Number    Percent     Number   Percent       Number    Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                  0    .              85       100.0       30      100.0        115      100.0          60       100.0
18 years and over                                        0    .              70        82.4       30      100.0        110          95.7       60       100.0
65 years and over                                        0    .               4         4.7        0          0.0       30          26.1        0           0.0

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                         0    .              70       100.0       30      100.0        110      100.0          60       100.0
Less than 9th grade                                      0    .              35        50.0        0          0.0       40          36.4       10        16.7
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                      0    .              10        14.3        0          0.0       35          31.8        0           0.0
High school graduate or equivalent                       0    .              15        21.4        0          0.0       20          18.2       10        16.7
Some college, no degree                                  0    .               0         0.0       20       66.7          0           0.0        0           0.0
Associate degree                                         0    .              10        14.3        0          0.0        0           0.0        0           0.0
Bachelor's degree                                        0    .               0         0.0        0          0.0        0           0.0       25        41.7
Graduate or professional degree                          0    .               0         0.0       10       33.3         20          18.2       15        25.0

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over             0    .              70       100.0       30      100.0        110      100.0          45       100.0
Entered before 1990                                      0    .               4         5.7        0          0.0       40          36.4        4           8.9
1990 to 1995                                             0    .               0         0.0       20       66.7          0           0.0       10        22.2
1996 to March 2000                                       0    .              70       100.0       10       33.3         70          63.6       30        66.7

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                        0    .              70       100.0       30      100.0        110      100.0          60       100.0
In labor force                                           0    .              60        85.7       10       33.3          0           0.0       35        58.3
  Civilian                                               0    .              60        85.7       10       33.3          0           0.0       35        58.3
     Employed                                            0    .              60        85.7       10       33.3          0           0.0       35        58.3
     Unemployed                                          0    .               0         0.0        0          0.0        0           0.0        0           0.0
       Percent of civilian labor force                   .        (X)        0.0        (X)       0.0         (X)        .           (X)       0.0          (X)
  In armed forces                                        0    .               0         0.0        0          0.0        0           0.0        0           0.0
Not in labor force                                       0    .              10        14.3       20       66.7        110      100.0          25        41.7
                                                                                                                                                             Page 10 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                    37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    North Carolina                  Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                             Language Spoken at Home
                                                                                  LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
                                                                                      Other and                                                           Other Indo-
                                                                                     Unspecified           Other Asian            Other Indic             European
                                                                   Navajo             languages            languages              languages              languages
                           Subject                            Number    Percent    Number     Percent    Number    Percent      Number    Percent      Number    Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                          0    .              60       100.0       10         100.0        0     .               35         100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations                   0    .              10        16.7        0           0.0        0     .               10          28.6
Service occupations                                                 0    .              40        66.7       10         100.0        0     .               20          57.1
Sales and office occupations                                        0    .               4         6.7        0           0.0        0     .               10          28.6
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations               0    .               4         6.7        0           0.0        0     .                0           0.0
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                          0    .               0         0.0        0           0.0        0     .                0           0.0
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations         0    .               4         6.7        0           0.0        0     .                0           0.0

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                       0    .              10       100.0        0     .               10         100.0        0     .
With public assistance income                                       0    .               0         0.0        0     .                0           0.0        0     .
No public assistance income                                         0    .              10       100.0        0     .               10         100.0        0     .


Median household income (dollars)                                   0        (X)     68,571        (X)        0           (X)   127,308          (X)        0           (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                                 0        (X)     13,750        (X)     2,499          (X)    80,488          (X)    31,250          (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                               0        (X)     13,750        (X)    11,250          (X)    31,250          (X)    26,563          (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                        0    .              10       100.0        0     .               10         100.0        0     .
Below poverty level                                                 0    .               0         0.0        0     .                0           0.0        0     .
At or above poverty level                                           0    .              10       100.0        0     .               10         100.0        0     .

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                      0    .              10       100.0        0     .               10         100.0        0     .
Linguistically isolated                                             0    .              10       100.0        0     .               10         100.0        0     .
Not linguistically isolated                                         0    .               4        40.0        0     .                0           0.0        0     .
                                                                                                                                                    Page 11 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                        37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         North Carolina                   Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                   Language Spoken at Home
                                                                        LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
                                                   Other Native North                                                   Other West
                                                       American              Other Pacific       Other Slavic            Germanic
                                                      languages          Island languages         languages             languages             Persian
                       Subject                     Number     Percent    Number     Percent    Number    Percent      Number   Percent     Number    Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                  10     100.0         70       100.0       110     100.0           0    .              45       100.0
18 years and over                                        10     100.0         70       100.0       105      95.5           0    .              45       100.0
65 years and over                                         0        0.0         0         0.0        35      31.8           0    .              15        33.3

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                         10     100.0         70       100.0       105     100.0           0    .              45       100.0
Less than 9th grade                                       4      40.0          4         5.7        20      19.1           0    .              10        22.2
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                       0        0.0        30        42.9        20      19.1           0    .              15        33.3
High school graduate or equivalent                        4      40.0         25        35.7        10          9.5        0    .              10        22.2
Some college, no degree                                   0        0.0        10        14.3        20      19.1           0    .              10        22.2
Associate degree                                          0        0.0         0         0.0         4          3.8        0    .               0         0.0
Bachelor's degree                                         0        0.0         0         0.0        15      14.3           0    .               0         0.0
Graduate or professional degree                           0        0.0         0         0.0        15      14.3           0    .               0         0.0

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over             10     100.0         70       100.0        95     100.0           0    .              25       100.0
Entered before 1990                                       0        0.0         0         0.0        20      21.1           0    .               4        16.0
1990 to 1995                                             10     100.0         10        14.3        40      42.1           0    .              10        40.0
1996 to March 2000                                        0        0.0        60        85.7        35      36.8           0    .              10        40.0

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                        10     100.0         70       100.0       105     100.0           0    .              45       100.0
In labor force                                            4      40.0         30        42.9        25      23.8           0    .              10        22.2
  Civilian                                                4      40.0         30        42.9        25      23.8           0    .              10        22.2
     Employed                                             4      40.0         30        42.9        25      23.8           0    .              10        22.2
     Unemployed                                           0        0.0         0         0.0         0          0.0        0    .               0         0.0
       Percent of civilian labor force                  0.0        (X)        0.0        (X)       0.0          (X)        .         (X)       0.0        (X)
  In armed forces                                         0        0.0         0         0.0         0          0.0        0    .               0         0.0
Not in labor force                                        4      40.0         40        57.1        80      76.2           0    .              35        77.8
                                                                                                                                                                 Page 12 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                     37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    North Carolina                   Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                              Language Spoken at Home
                                                                                   LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"
                                                              Other Native North                                                     Other West
                                                                  American              Other Pacific         Other Slavic            Germanic
                                                                 languages          Island languages           languages             languages             Persian
                           Subject                            Number     Percent    Number     Percent      Number    Percent      Number   Percent     Number    Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                           4     100.0         30         100.0        25     100.0           0    .              10         100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations                    0        0.0         0           0.0        10      40.0           0    .               0           0.0
Service occupations                                                  0        0.0         4          13.3        15      60.0           0    .              10         100.0
Sales and office occupations                                         4     100.0         10          33.3         0          0.0        0    .               0           0.0
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations                0        0.0         0           0.0         0          0.0        0    .               0           0.0
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                           0        0.0         0           0.0         0          0.0        0    .               0           0.0
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations          0        0.0        10          33.3         4      16.0           0    .               0           0.0

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                        4     100.0          0     .                50     100.0           0    .               0     .
With public assistance income                                        0        0.0         0     .                15      30.0           0    .               0     .
No public assistance income                                          4     100.0          0     .                35      70.0           0    .               0     .


Median household income (dollars)                               11,250        (X)         0           (X)    49,375          (X)        0         (X)        0           (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                             11,250        (X)     20,455          (X)    49,375          (X)        0         (X)     2,499          (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                            2,499        (X)     18,068          (X)    11,250          (X)        0         (X)    75,487          (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                         4     100.0          0     .                45     100.0           0    .               0     .
Below poverty level                                                  0        0.0         0     .                 4          8.9        0    .               0     .
At or above poverty level                                            4     100.0          0     .                35      77.8           0    .               0     .

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                       4     100.0          0     .                50     100.0           0    .               0     .
Linguistically isolated                                              4     100.0          0     .                30      60.0           0    .               0     .
Not linguistically isolated                                          0        0.0         0     .                20      40.0           0    .               0     .
                                                                                                                                                    Page 13 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                        37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         North Carolina                   Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                   Language Spoken at Home
                                                                        LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                                                      Scandinavian
                                                        Polish              Portuguese             Russian             languages            Serbo-Croatian
                       Subject                     Number     Percent    Number     Percent     Number    Percent    Number   Percent      Number    Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                 85       100.0        95       100.0       180       100.0        0    .               180      100.0
18 years and over                                       85       100.0        95       100.0       170        94.4        0    .               145       80.6
65 years and over                                        0         0.0         0          0.0       20        11.1        0    .                 4        2.2

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                        85       100.0        95       100.0       170       100.0        0    .               145      100.0
Less than 9th grade                                      0         0.0        25         26.3        4         2.4        0    .                25       17.2
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                     65        76.5         0          0.0        0         0.0        0    .                20       13.8
High school graduate or equivalent                      15        17.7        60         63.2       50        29.4        0    .                50       34.5
Some college, no degree                                  0         0.0         0          0.0       25        14.7        0    .                20       13.8
Associate degree                                         4         4.7         0          0.0       10         5.9        0    .                 4        2.8
Bachelor's degree                                        0         0.0        10         10.5       50        29.4        0    .                10        6.9
Graduate or professional degree                          0         0.0         0          0.0       30        17.7        0    .                15       10.3

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over            85       100.0        85       100.0       160       100.0        0    .               135      100.0
Entered before 1990                                      0         0.0         0          0.0       15         9.4        0    .                 0        0.0
1990 to 1995                                            25        29.4         4          4.7       70        43.8        0    .                 0        0.0
1996 to March 2000                                      65        76.5        85       100.0        80        50.0        0    .               135      100.0

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                       85       100.0        95       100.0       170       100.0        0    .               145      100.0
In labor force                                          85       100.0        70         73.7       80        47.1        0    .                75       51.7
  Civilian                                              85       100.0        70         73.7       80        47.1        0    .                75       51.7
     Employed                                           85       100.0        70         73.7       80        47.1        0    .                75       51.7
     Unemployed                                          0         0.0         0          0.0        0         0.0        0    .                 0        0.0
       Percent of civilian labor force                  0.0        (X)        0.0         (X)       0.0        (X)        .          (X)       0.0        (X)
  In armed forces                                        0         0.0         0          0.0        0         0.0        0    .                 0        0.0
Not in labor force                                       0         0.0        25         26.3       90        52.9        0    .                70       48.3
                                                                                                                                                               Page 14 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                   37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    North Carolina                   Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                              Language Spoken at Home
                                                                                   LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                                                                                                 Scandinavian
                                                                   Polish              Portuguese             Russian             languages            Serbo-Croatian
                           Subject                            Number     Percent    Number     Percent     Number    Percent    Number   Percent      Number    Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                         85       100.0        70       100.0        80       100.0        0    .                75      100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations                   0         0.0         0          0.0       20        25.0        0    .                10       13.3
Service occupations                                                30        35.3        25         35.7       10        12.5        0    .                15       20.0
Sales and office occupations                                        4         4.7         0          0.0        4         5.0        0    .                10       13.3
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations              15        17.7        25         35.7       15        18.8        0    .                20       26.7
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                          0         0.0         0          0.0        0         0.0        0    .                 0        0.0
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations        40        47.1        15         21.4       35        43.8        0    .                20       26.7

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                      30       100.0        35       100.0        70       100.0        0    .                65      100.0
With public assistance income                                       0         0.0         0          0.0       10        14.3        0    .                10       15.4
No public assistance income                                        30       100.0        35       100.0        65        92.9        0    .                60       92.3


Median household income (dollars)                               36,481        (X)      7,273         (X)    32,708        (X)        0          (X)    11,250        (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                             35,729        (X)     11,250         (X)    34,375        (X)        0          (X)    17,679        (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                           16,786        (X)      2,499         (X)    19,167        (X)        0          (X)    21,250        (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                       30       100.0        30       100.0        45       100.0        0    .                60      100.0
Below poverty level                                                 0         0.0        20         66.7       10        22.2        0    .                35       58.3
At or above poverty level                                          30       100.0        10         33.3       35        77.8        0    .                25       41.7

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                     30       100.0        35       100.0        70       100.0        0    .                65      100.0
Linguistically isolated                                            15        50.0        30         85.7       65        92.9        0    .                60       92.3
Not linguistically isolated                                        15        50.0         4         11.4        4         5.7        0    .                10       15.4
                                                                                                                                                Page 15 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                        37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                         North Carolina                     Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                  Language Spoken at Home
                                                                       LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                    Spanish or Spanish
                                                          Creole               Tagalog                Thai                Urdu               Vietnamese
                       Subject                      Number       Percent    Number    Percent    Number    Percent    Number    Percent    Number    Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                 19,370     100.0        40       100.0       60      100.0        30      100.0      1,635     100.0
18 years and over                                       17,335      89.5        40       100.0       50       83.3        30      100.0      1,425      87.2
65 years and over                                         240         1.2        0         0.0        4         6.7       10       33.3       105         6.4

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                        17,335     100.0        40       100.0       50      100.0        30      100.0      1,425     100.0
Less than 9th grade                                      7,095      40.9         0         0.0        0         0.0       15       50.0       400       28.1
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                      4,565      26.3         4        10.0        0         0.0        0         0.0      450       31.6
High school graduate or equivalent                       3,295      19.0        15        37.5       40       80.0         0         0.0      300       21.1
Some college, no degree                                  1,090        6.3        4        10.0        0         0.0        0         0.0      155       10.9
Associate degree                                          220         1.3        0         0.0       10       20.0        10       33.3        35         2.5
Bachelor's degree                                         670         3.9        0         0.0        0         0.0        4       13.3        80         5.6
Graduate or professional degree                           395         2.3       15        37.5        0         0.0        0         0.0       10         0.7

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over            15,670     100.0        40       100.0       40      100.0        20      100.0      1,390     100.0
Entered before 1990                                      2,285      14.6        30        75.0       35       87.5         0         0.0      495       35.6
1990 to 1995                                             4,265      27.2         0         0.0        0         0.0       10       50.0       620       44.6
1996 to March 2000                                       9,120      58.2        15        37.5        4       10.0        10       50.0       280       20.1

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                       17,335     100.0        40       100.0       50      100.0        30      100.0      1,425     100.0
In labor force                                          12,600      72.7        40       100.0       35       70.0        10       33.3       870       61.1
  Civilian                                              12,600      72.7        40       100.0       35       70.0        10       33.3       870       61.1
     Employed                                           11,720      67.6        40       100.0       35       70.0        10       33.3       800       56.1
     Unemployed                                           880         5.1        0         0.0        0         0.0        0         0.0       70         4.9
       Percent of civilian labor force                     7.0        (X)       0.0        (X)       0.0        (X)       0.0        (X)       8.0        (X)
  In armed forces                                            0        0.0        0         0.0        0         0.0        0         0.0        0         0.0
Not in labor force                                       4,735      27.3         0         0.0       15       30.0        20       66.7       555       39.0
                                                                                                                                                                Page 16 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home                                                                                                                        37045 LWIA#
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:                                                    North Carolina                     Charlotte/ Mecklenburg

                                                                                             Language Spoken at Home
                                                                                  LEP Only: Speaks English "Not Well" or "Not at all"

                                                               Spanish or Spanish
                                                                     Creole               Tagalog                  Thai                 Urdu                 Vietnamese
                           Subject                             Number       Percent    Number    Percent      Number    Percent    Number    Percent       Number    Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                         11,720     100.0        40         100.0       35      100.0        10          100.0      800      100.0
Management, professional, and related occupations                    740         6.3        0           0.0        0         0.0        0            0.0       35         4.4
Service occupations                                                 2,425      20.7         4          10.0        0         0.0        0            0.0      155       19.4
Sales and office occupations                                         865         7.4       35          87.5        0         0.0       10          100.0       45         5.6
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations               4,760      40.6         0           0.0        0         0.0        0            0.0       50         6.3
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                           160         1.4        0           0.0        0         0.0        0            0.0       10         1.3
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations         2,765      23.6         0           0.0       35      100.0         0            0.0      510       63.8

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                       5,075     100.0        10         100.0       20      100.0         0      .              525      100.0
With public assistance income                                        115         2.3        0           0.0        0         0.0        0      .               10         1.9
No public assistance income                                         4,965      97.8        10         100.0       20      100.0         0      .              515       98.1


Median household income (dollars)                                  35,669        (X)    45,208          (X)    55,227        (X)        0            (X)    41,369        (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                                19,870        (X)    21,250          (X)    20,598        (X)     2,499           (X)    26,071        (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                              16,990        (X)    15,714          (X)     2,499        (X)     2,499           (X)    20,227        (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                        4,020     100.0         0     .               20      100.0         0      .              455      100.0
Below poverty level                                                  975       24.3         0     .                0         0.0        0      .               30         6.6
At or above poverty level                                           3,045      75.8         0     .               20      100.0         0      .              425       93.4

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                      5,075     100.0        10         100.0       20      100.0         0      .              525      100.0
Linguistically isolated                                             4,060      80.0         4          40.0       10       50.0         0      .              385       73.3
Not linguistically isolated                                         1,015      20.0         4          40.0       10       50.0         0      .              140       26.7
                                                                       Page 17 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:

                                                     Language
                                                     LEP Only


                                                      Yiddish
                       Subject                     Number   Percent
AGE
    Total population (5 years and over)                 0    .
18 years and over                                       0    .
65 years and over                                       0    .

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
    Population 18 years and over                        0    .
Less than 9th grade                                     0    .
9th grade to 12th grade, no diploma                     0    .
High school graduate or equivalent                      0    .
Some college, no degree                                 0    .
Associate degree                                        0    .
Bachelor's degree                                       0    .
Graduate or professional degree                         0    .

FOREIGN BORN BY YEAR OF ENTRY
   Foreign born population 18 years and over            0    .
Entered before 1990                                     0    .
1990 to 1995                                            0    .
1996 to March 2000                                      0    .

EMPLOYMENT STATUS
     Population 18 years and over                       0    .
In labor force                                          0    .
  Civilian                                              0    .
     Employed                                           0    .
     Unemployed                                         0    .
       Percent of civilian labor force                  .        (X)
  In armed forces                                       0    .
Not in labor force                                      0    .
                                                                                  Page 18 of 154
Table 3. Social & Economic Characteristics
         by Language Spoken at Home
Universe: Limited English Proficiency (LEP) pop.
Geography:

                                                                Language
                                                                LEP Only


                                                                 Yiddish
                           Subject                            Number   Percent
AGE
OCCUPATION
  Employed civilian pop. 18 years and over                         0    .
Management, professional, and related occupations                  0    .
Service occupations                                                0    .
Sales and office occupations                                       0    .
Construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations              0    .
Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations                         0    .
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations        0    .

INCOME IN 1999
   Households                                                      0    .
With public assistance income                                      0    .
No public assistance income                                        0    .


Median household income (dollars)                                  0        (X)


Median earnings (dollars):
Male, full-time, year-round workers                                0        (X)
Female, full-time, year-round workers                              0        (X)

POVERTY STATUS IN 1999
    Families                                                       0    .
Below poverty level                                                0    .
At or above poverty level                                          0    .

LINGUISTIC ISOLATION
    Households                                                     0    .
Linguistically isolated                                            0    .
Not linguistically isolated                                        0    .
The LEP Special Tabulation
 of Census 2000 Data on Limited English Proficient Adults


Explanation of Terms used in the Tabulations
Excerpted from:
Demographic Profile:2000
2000 Census of Population and Housing
Technical Documentation
Issued May 2002    http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/doc/ProfilesTD.pdf

Ability to speak English. For people who speak a language other than English at home, the
response represents the person’s own perception of his or her ability to speak English, from
"very well" to "not at all." Because census questionnaires are usually completed by one household
member, the responses may represent the perception of another household member. (For more
information, see "Language spoken at home." )

Age. The age classification is based on the age of the person in complete years as of April 1,
2000. The age of the person usually was derived from their date of birth information. Their
reported age was used only when date of birth information was unavailable.

Earnings. Earnings is defined as the sum of wage and salary income and net income from self-
employment. Earnings represent the amount of income received regularly before deductions for
personal income taxes, social security, bond purchases, union dues, medicare deductions, etc.

Educational attainment. Educational attainment is the highest degree or level of school com-
pleted. The category "Associate degree" includes people whose highest degree is an associate
degree, which generally requires two years of college level work and is either in an occupational
program that prepares them for a specific occupation, or an academic program primarily in the
arts and sciences. The course work may or may not be transferable to a bachelor's degree. Master's
degrees include the traditional MA and MS degrees and field-specific degrees, such as MSW,
MEd, MBA, MLS, and MEng. Some examples of professional degrees include medicine, dentistry,
chiropractic, optometry, osteopathic medicine, pharmacy, podiatry, veterinary medicine, law, and
theology. Vocational and technical training, such as that in barber school; business, trade,
technical, and vocational schools; or other training for a specific trade are specifically excluded.

Employed. All civilians 16 years old and over who are either (1) "at work" -those who did any
work at all during the reference week as paid employees, worked in their own business or
profession, worked on their own farm, or worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers on a family
farm or in a family business or (2)are "with a job, but not at work" -those who did not work during the
reference week, but had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent. Excluded
from the employed are people whose only activity consisted of work around their own house
(painting, repairing, or own home housework)or unpaid volunteer work for religious, charitable,
and similar organizations. Also excluded are people on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. The
reference week is the full calendar week preceding the date on which the respondent completed
the questionnaire or was interviewed by enumerators. (For more information, see "Labor force"
and "Unemployed." )

Family household (family). A family includes a householder and one or more people living in
the same household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption. All
people in a household who are related to the householder are regarded as members of his or her
family. A family household may contain people not related to the householder, but those people
are not included as part of the householder's family in census tabulations. Thus, the number of
family households is equal to the number of families, but family households may include more
members than do families. A household can contain only one family for purposes of census
tabulations. Not all households contain families since a household may comprise a group of
unrelated people or one person living alone.




LEP Special Tabulation                             Glossary                                               19
Foreign born. The foreign-born population includes all people who are not U. S. citizens at
birth. (For more information, see "Native" and "Born at sea." )

Full-time, year-round workers. This category consists of people 16 years old and over who
usually worked 35 hours or more per week for 50 to 52 weeks in 1999.

Household. A household includes all of the people who occupy a housing unit. People not living
in households are classified as living in group quarters.

Income in 1999. Information on money income received in calendar year 1999 was requested
from individuals 15 years and over. "Total income" is the sum of the amounts reported separately
for wage or salary income; net self-employment income; interest, dividends, or net rental or
royalty income; social security or railroad retirement income; supplemental security income (SSI);
public assistance or welfare payments; retirement or disability income; and all other income.
Receipts from the following sources are not included as income: money received from the sale of
property (unless the recipient was engaged in the business of selling such property); capital gains;
the value of income "in kind" from food stamps, public housing subsidies, medical care, employer
contributions for individuals, etc.; withdrawal of bank deposits; money borrowed; tax refunds;
exchange of money between relatives living in the same household; and gifts and lump-sum
inheritances, insurance payments, and other types of lump-sum receipts.

Although the income statistics cover calendar year 1999, the characteristics of individuals and the
composition of households/families refer to the time of enumeration. Thus, the income of the
household or family does not include amounts received by individuals who were members of the
household/family during all or part of the calendar year 1999 if these individuals no longer
resided with the household/family at the time of enumeration. Similarly, income amounts reported
by individuals who did not reside with the household/family during 1999 but who were members
of the household/family at the time of enumeration are included. However, the composition of
most households/families was the same during 1999 as at the time of enumeration.

Income of households. Includes the income of the householder and all other individuals
15 years old and over in the household, whether they are related to the householder or not.
Because many households consist of only one person, average household income is usually less
than average family income.

Linguistic Isolation. A household in which no person age 14 years or over speaks only English and no
person age 14 years or over who speaks a language other than English speaks English "Very well" is
classified as "linguistically isolated." All the members of a linguistically isolated household are tabulated
as linguistically isolated, including members under age 14 years who may speak only English.

Public assistance income. Public assistance income includes general assistance and temporary
assistance to needy families (TANF). Separate payments received for hospital or other medical care
 (vendor payments) are excluded. This does not include supplemental security income
(SSI).

Labor force. The labor force includes all people classified in the civilian labor force (that is,
 "employed" and "unemployed" people) plus members of the U.S. Armed Forces (people on active
duty in the U.S. Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard). (For more information, see
 "Employed" and "Unemployed." )

Language spoken at home. The population who speaks a language other than English
includes only those who sometimes or always speak a language other than English at home. It
does not include those who speak a language other than English only at school or work, or those
who were limited to only a few expressions or slang of the other language. Most people who
speak another language at home also speak English. (For more information, see "Ability to speak
English." )

Median earnings for full-time, year-round workers. The median divides the earnings
distribution into two equal parts: one-half of the cases falling below the median and one-half above
the median. Median earnings for full-time, year-round workers is based on individuals 16 years




LEP Special Tabulation                               Glossary                                                   20
and over with earnings who usually worked 35 hours or more per week for 50 to 52 weeks in
1999. This measure is rounded to the nearest dollar. (For more information, see "Earnings." )

Median income. The median divides the income distribution into two equal parts: one-half of
the cases falling below the median income and one-half above the median. For households and
families, the median income is based on the distribution of the total number of households or
families including those with no income. The median for individuals is based on individuals
15 years and over with income. This measure is rounded to the nearest whole dollar.

Occupation. Occupation describes the kind of work the person does on the job. For employed
people, the data refer to the person's job during the reference week. For those who worked at two
or more jobs, the data refer to the job at which the person worked the greatest number of hours
during the reference week. Some examples of occupational groups shown in this product include
service, sales, and farming.

Poverty status in 1999. Poverty is measured by using 48 thresholds that vary by family size
and number of children within the family and age of the householder. To determine whether a
person is poor, one compares the total income of that person's family with the threshold appropriate
for that family. If the total family income is less than the threshold, then the person is considered
poor, together with every member of his or her family.
Not every person is included in the poverty universe: institutionalized people, people in military
group quarters, people living in college dormitories, and unrelated individuals under 15 years old
are considered neither as "poor" nor as "nonpoor," and are excluded from both the numerator and
the denominator when calculating poverty rates.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) mandates that all federal agencies (including
the Census Bureau) use this poverty definition for statistical purposes (OMB Statistical Policy
Directive 14, May 1978).

Residence in 1995. Residence in 1995 indicates an individual's area of residence on April 1,
1995

Unemployed. Civilians 16 years old and over are classified as unemployed if they (1) were
 neither "at work" nor "with a job but not at work" during the reference week, (2)were looking for
work during the last four weeks, and (3)were available to start a job. Also included as unemployed
are civilians 16 years old and over who did not work at all during the reference week, were
on temporary layoff from a job, expected to be recalled to work within the next 6 months, or had
been given a date to return to work, and were available for work during the reference week. (For
more information, see "Employed" and "Labor force." )

Workers. Workers 16 years and over are members of the Armed Forces and civilians who were
at work during the reference week.

Year of entry. The year in which a person born outside the United States came to live in the
United States.

FOR MORE INFORMATION
The Demographic Profile data also are available through the American FactFinder®, which can be
accessed from the Census Bureau's Internet site at www.census.gov. Full documentation for the
source data in the LEP tables can be found in the Census 2000 Summary File 3 technical
documentation, available at http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2000/doc/sf3.pdf and on the LEP
Data Disk CD.




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LEP Special Tabulation   Glossary   119
LEP Special Tabulation   Glossary   120
LEP Special Tabulation   Glossary   121
LEP Special Tabulation   Glossary   122

								
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