WORLD WAR

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					1. Francisco Madero – Victorio Huerta
2. Won’t apologize Huerto/Wilson;
3. Mexico –
4. Mexicans –
6. Venustiano Carranza –
7. Pancho Villa
8. John J. Pershing-PV –
9.Nicaragua, Haiti, Dominican Republic –
10. See # 9
11.Great Britain, Latin America –
WORLD WAR I
 CHAPTER 14
          Wilson in Mexico
 President Wilson tried
  to set up a stable
  governments in Latin
  America
 He supported
  Venustiano Carranza
  as Mexico’s president
 Pancho Villa did not
  like Carranza, so he
  raided the US
      Wilson in Latin America
 Wilson used the excuse of Americans being arrested in
  Tampico, Mexico to send marines to set up a new
  government.



 He used no excuse to send marines to other Latin
  American countries to set up stable governments.
               Wilson in Mexico
 Pancho Villa led a group of
  guerrillas (surprise
  attacks/sabotage rather than
  open warfare)
 Wilson sent 6,000 US troops &
  John J. Pershing across border
  to capture Villa, but they were
  unsuccessful
 Wilson’s Mexican policy
  damaged US foreign relations
(A.K.A. World War I)
     An Overview
 1914-1918
 32 Nations Involved
 30 Million Dead
 $350 Billion Cost
 “Total War”
Nationalism

Militarism

 Alliances

Imperialism
       Imperialism


Countries gathering up land
for profit/trade/influence
Nationalism

Militarism

 Alliances

Imperialism
           Alliances

Pre-War:           Wartime:
•Triple Alliance   •Allies
•Franco-Russian •Central
•Triple Entente Powers
       Triple Alliance

•Germany, Austria-
Hungary, Italy
•Created out of Imperialism
and plan to unify various
German states
   Franco-Russian Alliance

•Russia wants to protect
Slavs
•France was being attacked
•Common interest led to
   alliance
        Triple Entente

•Great Britain, Russia,
France
•Friendly agreement
E   A
n   l
t   l
a   i
n   a
g   n
l   c
i   e
n   s
g
Nationalism

Militarism

 Alliances

Imperialism
       Militarism


Buildup of weapons, navy,
        and troops
Nationalism

Militarism

 Alliances

Imperialism
         Nationalism

•Intense pride in one’s country
  •Self-determination – rule
   their people in own way
        Nationalism

•Balkan Crisis: SE Europe
ruled by Ottoman Empire and
Austria-Hungary
•Serbs, Croats, Bosnians,
Slovenes – all vying for
independence
Nationalism

Militarism

 Alliances

Imperialism
Assassination of
Archduke Ferdinand
and wife Sophie
What you need to know
about the assassination:
•Archduke of Austria-
Hungary – heir apparent
•Black Hand – Bosnian
revolutionary group
•Gavrilo Princip
•Austria-Hungary declares war on
Serbia
•Russia send troops to German
border
•Germany declares war on Russia,
then France
•Germany would invade and
surround France by going thru
Belgium (neutral & protected
by Great Britain)
•Sent troops to Russian border
to occupy them
Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
Russia send troops to German border
Germany declares war on Russia, then
France

NOW - Great Britain declares
war on Germany
     ALLIANCES SHIFT

Pre-War:           Wartime:
•Triple Alliance   •Allies
•Franco-Russian •Central
•Triple Entente Powers
   WARTIME ALLIANCES

Triple Alliance – now
Central Powers
•Germany, Austria-Hungary,
Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria
   WARTIME ALLIANCES

Triple Entente – now called
The Allies
•France, Russia, Great
Britain, and ITALY
 •Promised Austria-Hungary
Describe Them on WWI’s Eve…
•Neutral – but most supported
Allies; Euro. immigrants supported
Central Powers
•Banks invested by giving loans to
those fighting (most approved to
help Allies)
•Only received Allied news
•Propaganda – info. designed to
influence opinion
•German U-Boats deployed to get
around British blockade
•Threatened to sink any merchant
ship
•Sunk Lusitania and Sussex
•Sussex Pledge-Germany would not
sink merchant ships w/o warning
• Zimmerman telegraph (Jan. 1917)
– proposed that Mexico ally w/
Germany if war w/ US, and in
return, Mexico would regain “lost
territory in TX, NM & AZ.”
• unrestricted submarine warfare
resumed; 6 American ships sunk
• April 2, 1917, Wilson asked
Congress to declare war; resolution
signed April 6, 1917
              MILITARY
    PLAN                  PURPOSE
Selective    Draft – lottery (2.8 million)
Service      Local boards chose who went
             Men b/w age 21 - 30
Volunteers   2 million men volunteered
Women        1st time enlisted members of
             military – clerical, nurses(overseas)
African      400,000 drafted – segregated
Americans    troops
                 INDUSTRY
   AGENCY                    PURPOSE
War Industries   Coordinate production of war
Board            materials
Food             Increase food production
Administration   Decrease human consumption
Fuel             Daylight Savings Time
Adminstration    Shortened workweeks
Liberty Bonds    Raise money by citizens ‘loaning’
Victory Bonds    the government money
                WORKFORCE
  AGENCY/                      RESULT
   PEOPLE
National Labor Settle labor disputes so that war
Board          effort not interrupted
Women           Began working in non-traditional
                jobs
African -       Moved North to take factory jobs
Americans       (Great Migration)– changed racial
                makeup of cities
Mexicans        Mexican Revolution forced them out
                and into TX, AZ, CA, NM
            PUBLIC SUPPORT

  CAMPAIGN                       RESULT
Committee on      Famous people film small 4 minute
Public Info.      propaganda speeches

Espionage Act     Penalties for aiding the enemy
1917

Sedition Act 1918 Opposition to War illegal (1500/1000)
                    Schenck v. U.S.
Anti-German,        Freedom Cabbage/sauerkraut
Socialist, Pacifist German classes & composers banned
                    Boy Spies of America
     Schenck v. US (1919)
• ruled that free speech can be curbed
when constitutes “clear & present
danger”

• stated “when a nation is at war,
many things that might be said in times
of peace are such a hindrance to its
effort that their utterance will not be
endured so long as [soldiers] fight”
 Trenches
                Tanks
Machine guns
               Airplanes
Mustard gas
       EASTERN FRONT
•Russian border
•Czar Nicolas abdicates
•Lenin and Bolsheviks lead
revolution
•Russia withdraws from war – gives
up lots of territory
     WESTERN FRONT
•France
•U.S. led by Pershing launches
massive assault – 600,000
troops – Argonne Forest
•Austria-Hungary revolution
leads to armistice 11/11/1918
•Big 4 – Wilson, George (GB
PM),Clemenceau (Fr. Premier),
Orlando (It. PM)
•14 Points – Justice to all people
 •Free trade, disarmament, open
 diplomacy, self determination,
 evacuate invaded countries,
 League of Nations
•Rejected most of Wilson’s plan
•Germany:
 •Stripped of armed forces
 •Reparations - $33 billion
 •Accept blame for war
   League of     Austria-Hungary
    Nations        Split apart
Fall of Ottoman
      Empire     Creation of Yugo.,
                     Poland, &
Fall of German & Czechoslovakia
 Russian Empires
INFLATION
            RACE RIOTS
  STRIKES
               RED SCARE
   END OF
PROGRESSIVES
      RED SCARE

STRIKES

     MAIL BOMBS


           PALMER RAIDS
        RED SCARE
      PALMER RAIDS
•J. Edgar Hoover
•Raided radical organizations
headquarters
•Detained/deported immigrants
•Entered homes w/o warrants
•Jailed no charges; no attorneys

				
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posted:5/22/2012
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