Dog Training and Behaviour with Aviril Munson by phasika


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									Dog Training
and Behaviour
with       Avril Munson

Communicating                                                           Contents
with your dog                                                           Communicating            P1
Dogs don’t speak English…            two and two together and in-
                                                                        About the Dog Calmer     P3
Humans aren’t very good at           variably comes up with four!       Testimonials             P4
speaking ‘Dog’!                      Hence the pup has worked it        Toilet training          P5
                                     out and is learning what we
                                     want. “Sit” is a relatively easy
                                                                        Jumping up               P6
A good example is that most          one – it’s something that the      Rules of the pack        P8
puppies will have learnt to sit      puppy will do very naturally       How to use rewards       P9
before they first arrive at train-   but the other exercises can be-
ing. Often this is more by luck      come more complicated.
                                                                        Available training       P10
than planning! We tend to tell                                          What happens at class?   P11
our puppies to “sit”…they look                                          What can be changed?     P11
at us, wondering what on earth       In the case of the sit the nor-
we are trying to tell them! We       mal human behaviour of stand-      Gift voucher             P12
keep telling them to “sit” –         ing upright and holding food
often saying it several times        is exactly the right body lan-     I know that I can soon
in quick succession. The pup,        guage to teach the dog to sit,
keen to understand us, by now        once people become aware           make you feel more in
is looking up at us and gravity      that the body language is ac-      control and confident
takes over; his bottom goes to       tually what is causing the pup-    in your ability to train
the floor. At this point, we burst   py to sit, it becomes a simple     your dog, don’t wait
into smiles and lots of ‘Good        step to teaching the puppy the
Puppy’! The pup starts to put        command word of “sit”. Body        ring today!
                                     language can be used by own-
                                     ers, for every exercise that is
                                     required of the dog, making
                                     learning fun, efficient and en-
                                     joyable for dog and owner.

                                     All    good dog training ex-
                                     ercises begin with body lan-
                                     guage and no ‘commands’,           Contact
                                     so stop talking with words and     Avril Munson
                                     try using your body, you will
                                                                        Tel: 01279 871976
                                     start to see a difference in
                                     your dogs understanding im-        Mob: 07505 277374
Kate and Lara, talking dog
hand signal for sit
    mediately! Fortunately for us     not explaining ourselves clear-     reward! – see Tasty Titbits
    all dogs want to please and       ly that communication breaks        facts
    are brilliant at guessing, so     down and we get the impres-       • Combined withongoing
    you don’t have to be perfect      sion that the dog is either:        training under all
    to start communicating in this                                        conditions, making training
    new language!                     • Ignoring us                       as easy as possible to start
                                      • Bored                             with by training with a
                                      • Doing totally the opposite        minimum of distractions
    We can literally show the dog       to spite us!                      (home, garden, classes)
    what we want, by use of our       • Being naughty                     and then progressing
    body language. Once the dog                                           slowly by carrying out the
    begins to respond repeatedly,                                         same training, with
    we can then apply a ‘com-         The     truth of the matter is      increasing distractions to
    mand’ word.                       that the dog simply does not        more public places.

    By training our dogs in this                                        Next      time you think that
    way, we are setting the dog       Dogs learn through the            your dog is just be being
    and ourselves up to succeed!      following:                        ‘naughty’, consider your own
                                                                        body language and what it is
                                      • Body language
    Contrary to how it may            • Repetition
                                                                        that you may be saying to your
    feelsometimes, dogs do want       • Reward (a worthwhile
    to please us! It is when we are

    Doreen and Sasha demonstrating come in hand signal
Avril Munson is
the Dog Calmer
A dog trainer and behaviour
counsellor working with the
general public, Vets, Dog Res-
cues (including Battersea Dogs
Home and the RSPCA) and stu-
dents of dog training instruct-
ing and behaviour for over 20

I have successfully built my
business into a leader in the
Dog Training industry in the
UK, with regular radio shows,
TV appearance, residential
courses, weekly classes, one
on one sessions and training
days. I have recently complet-
ed my first book on dog behav-
iour “Following the lead” due
out late 2012.

In addition I write fact sheets,
articles and courses, many of
which have been published
in the dog press. I designed,
wrote and continue to develop
an Instructor and Behaviour        Avril and Pie
course for training people
to become dog trainers, this       lowing the Lead” due out in the    Today, though I am not com-
course received accreditation      Autumn (pre-order your copy)       peting, I still love to train my
centre approval in 2001, many      My counselling qualifications      own dog to forge the strong
students have become success-      give a depth and understand-       bond and communication that
ful professional dog trainers      ing to my work that is unique      can only develop through ad-
since that time.                   and gives an intuitive ap-         vanced training, and a rela-
                                   proach to my work, reinforced      tionship I would not be without
I was first asked to co-present    by many years experience of        in my personal life! It is this
on BBC radio Essex in 1991         life and dogs.                     dog human relationship that I
on “a live phone in” on dog                                           want to introduce my clients to!
training and behaviour issues,     I have lived with a variety of
advising the general public on     breeds of dogs, from Dober-        I began my career in train-
air, I continue to appear on a     manns to Border Collies and        ing horses, the dog that got
regular basis, mostly with Ste-    many in between, have bred,        me interested and triggered
ve Scruton on his Sound Ad-        shown, taken part in working       my passion for understanding
vice programme!                    trials and agility, finally spe-   dogs was a Dobermann cross
                                   cialising in competitive obedi-    called Rubber, I homed Rub-
The behaviour facts found here     ence, competing at the highest     ber from an RSPCA kennel in
are extract from my book “Fol-     standard.                          1979 at eight months of age,
    she had every behaviour issue      and successful, so that today
    possible in one dog, I have ex-    my clients and their dogs fully     Testimonials
    perienced first hand the impact    benefit from the outcome of my
    that a dog like this has on our    studies.
    homes and families, still today                                        I had to take my whole approach
    Rubber continues to inspire me     Dogs do not get trained over-       back to basics, right from how I
    to empathise and relate to my      night, I see myself as a support    produced the lead, walked with
    clients!                           system for my clients to guide
                                       them through the developmen-
                                                                           her, played with her and even
    Over the years I have experi-      tal stages of their dogs life.      how I looked at her. Very subtle
    mented with various training                                           changes to these sorts of things
    methods and class formats,         Many clients are now returning
    gained teacher training, allow-    to me with their fourth and fifth
                                                                           produced results inside half an
    ing me to hone my skills and       dogs.                               hour”
    develop a system that is sound
                                                                              Anne from Saffron Walden

                                                                           “I have only had one training
                                                                           session with Avril and already its
                                                                           helping to curb my little rescue
                                                                           dog from Shadow Chasing/Star-

                                                                                        Teresa from Ongar

                                                                           “Nearly 20 years later and now
                                                                           with my fourth Standard Poodle,
                                                                           I tracked Avril down because
                                                                           Dylan (our first boy Poodle) was
                                                                           a handful at home whenever we
                                                                           had visitors. We’d been to puppy
                                                                           classes and worked with another
                                                                           trainer on a one-to-one basis at
                                                                           their home and outdoors but we
                                                                           really needed someone to do a
                                                                           home visit to see the problems
                                                                           we were having firsthand. It
                                                                           was lovely to meet up with Avril
                                                                           again and to work with her as
                                                                           she has a real knack for under-
                                                                           standing the Standard Poodle
                                                                           and her training tips have al-
                                                                           ready begun to work wonders!”

    Betty, follow her progress and find training tips on                      Linda Wacey from Leighton
toilet training
Dogs do want to be clean!
Toilet training a young puppy
takes time and effort from the
owner, and is not an easy task,
especially when you are new
to dogs and have a busy house-
hold to run. However investing
this time in your young dog
will pay off and a good con-
centrated effort over 2 weeks
will get you both through the

• Take the dog outside every
  2 hours (this is the
  minimum, for really small
  puppies i.e. 8-12 weeks
  more frequently, possibly
  every hour)
• Stay outside with the
                                    Christmas group Chips, Ozzy and Wilbur in fancy dress
  puppy until she goes to the
• Praise him as he goes to           when you let them out, will        it is not a house training prob-
  the toilet, e.g. “Good dog,        prevent many “accidents”.          lem, it is likely to be the onset
  good dog” in a quiet calm                                             of separation anxiety, you will
  voice                           Do not tell the dog off, if you       need help to solve this issue,
• Use a key word to               catch him in the act of going to      but you can!
  encourage the puppy to          the toilet indoors, if you do the
  go, such as 'busy, busy' or     puppy will be afraid to go to
  'be clean', overtime your
                                                                        Ring me for help!
                                  the toilet in front of you when
  puppy will learn what is        you are outside, thereby mak-         Occasionally a medical prob-
  expected and learn to go        ing toilet training very difficult.   lem can be the cause, if your
  on command.
                                                                        dog starts toileting very fre-
• Do not put newspaper
  down indoors – if you do
                                  Remember:                             quently or abnormally always
                                  • All dogs want to be clean           consult your Vet.
  the puppy will learn that
                                  • Your dog does not go to
  you want her to go to the
                                    the toilet just to upset you
  toilet indoors
                                    or to get you back! Even if
• If you come home or enter
                                    it feels like that!
  a room, to a mess, do not
                                  • Dog’s do forget and will
  scold your dog.
                                    get it wrong sometimes
• Training your puppy to a
  crate is a great for fast
  tracking toilet training, by    You will succeed!
  putting the puppy in the
  crate to sleep or when you      Problems:
  are busy and taking             Should your dog start toileting
  straight outside to toilet      indoors only when left alone,
    jumping up

    Focus on
    what YOU
    want your
    dog to do
    Top tip:
    Do not allow other people to spoil
    your dog training efforts! Puppy’s
    are so cute that they get a lot of
    attention from everyone, even
    complete strangers in the street or
    park, these same strangers won’t
    be so keen on them in a few months
    when they are larger and less cute,
    especially if they jump all over them
    with muddy feet! You will have to be
    assertive with people to prevent
    them spoiling your training!
Most of the problems with                                              • Start talking to your dog in
jumping up start with our baby                                           a happy upbeat way
puppies; it is hard to resist the                                      • Clap your hands together
appeal of an eight week old                                              or on your thighs (this will
puppy jumping towards us.                                                become the command to
Therefore most of us, will, in no                                      • Add the word “up” (your
time have a much larger puppy                                            command word) or
that continues to jump up and                                            something appropriate
now because of their size is                                             to you, as the dog jumps up
much less welcome. There are                                           • Keep doing this until your
many ways of dealing with this                                           dog does jump if she hasn’t
behaviour but my clients tell                                            already
me the two methods they have                                           • Praise the dog physically
liked the best and are there-                                            and verbally when she does
fore most successful are these:                                          jump up
                                                                       • Repeat the above 6 times to
                                                                         reinforce and teach your
                                     Val and Casper, demonstrating
Option one:                          using sit to prevent jumping up     dog

Teach your dog to sit instead        • And use the hand signal as
of jumping “Sometimes it is all        before                          Teaching your dog
too easy to focus on what we         • Repeat this process at least
don’t want instead of what we          6 times                         not to jump in the
do want!” Equip yourself with        • Use this hand signal and        same session
several titbits.                       titbit whenever you think
                                       your dog might jump up          • Stand still near your dog
• Put a titbit between your          • Body language is stronger       • Do not look at your dog
   forefinger and thumb, the           than words so always use        • Do not speak to your dog
   food should be held tightly         your hand signal, do not        • Cross your arms (closed
   and not so big that it              say “sit” unless the dog is       body language)
   protrudes. (if your dog tries       going to sit.                   • If the dog jumps at you turn
   to snatch the titbit or nibble    • In time you will be able to       away briskly and stride off
   your fingers, enclose the           use the command word but          purposefully (it helps at this
   food in a fist as described         first you must establish the      stage if you can go to do
   in titbit facts)                    behaviour.                        something normal like put
• Put your fingers, with the                                             the kettle on to demonstrate
   titbit in under your dogs                                             to the dog that you are
   nose                              Option two:                         busy)
• When your dog sniffs the                                             • Repeat as above until the
   food slowly lift your hand        Teach your dog to jump up,          dog does not jump
   up and slightly back over         some owners, like me, want
   the dogs head                     their dogs to jump up at times!   Ideally in this session you would
• The dog will sit, if not just      (if you never want your dog to    now switch to asking your dog
   persist until she does            jump up please stick with op-     to jump again from the top and
• Walk out the room and walk         tion one)                         repeat the not jumping steps. If
   back in, if this is a time your                                     you don’t have time ensure
   dog would normally jump,          By teaching your dog a clear      that you repeat this process
   if not recreate a time when       command for jumping up we         daily for two weeks. You dog
   your dog does jump.               can speed up your dogs un-        will soon stop jumping unless
• As your dog goes to jump           derstanding of when you don’t     invited! You can also repeat
   hold the titbit out at nose       want to be jumped on!             the above steps for when you
   height or low enough for                                            are seated, simply do the same
   the dogs feet to remain on        • Put on some old clothes!        but sit down for jumping up
   the ground.                       • Look at your dog                and for not jumping up.
    rules of the pack
    Rules - the foundation for
    a well-behaved social dog
    Dogs are pack animals, which                                          • Do not allow the dog to
    is why they live so well with us                                        play fight/play bite with
    in our family units, which to       This information is                 other dogs either living in
    themequates to the ‘pack’. The                                          the household or dogs
    most successful packs in the
                                        designed to give you                they meet
    wild are those where there are        the best possible               • No ‘tug of war’ games
    clear rules and boundaries;                                             with the dog
    every dog knows its job and
                                         start to living with             • No jumping up uninvited
    what it can and can’t do. Their       and training your               • No feeding the dog from
    survival depends upon clear                                             the table or plates
    rules and consistency. This in           new puppy.                   • All food and titbits should
    itself offers the dog a sense of                                        be ‘worked’ for, for
    security.                                                               example asking the dog to
                                                                            Sit for his dinner or titbit
    To give a dog the best possible     The following could               • Not constantly responding
    start within our ‘pack’, we too                                         to the dog’s demands
    need to clearly outline and in-       also apply to an                  for attention – they do not
    stigate rules and boundaries.        older rescue dog                   require constant
    Without these, our dog begins                                           entertainment
    to display unwanted behav-             that you have                  • When returning to the
    iours such as play-biting, jump-     brought into your                  dog, ignoring him or her
    ing up uninvited, stealing and                                          for at least 5 minutes before
    behaving like a ‘wild child’!              home.                        greeting (displays
    Often we try to fix the actual                                          leadership skills and
    problem but the underlying                                              reduces over-excitement at
    causes remain the same and                                              your return)
    the behaviour never really dis-

    Here is my list of suggested
    rules, which would remain in
    place until the dog is at least 2
    years old:

    • Restricting the dog’s area
      when he or she is left alone
    • Not allowing the dog on
    • Ensuring the dog moves
      out of our way when
      required – not us stepping
      over the dog or around it
    • No one is to play rough
                                        Sitting on the furniture is only okay when the dogs are mature
      or ‘fighting’ games with
                                        (2 years old plus) and learned all the other rules of life!
      the dog
reward based training
Using food makes dog
training easy and fun
The methods           faced with the distractions of
of training a dog are always        the big wide world.
‘reward’ based.
                                    My suggestions for Tasty
When we talk about ‘reward’,        Titbits are:                           Hold food in closed fist to
this comes in many different                                               prevent snatching
forms but essentially, it is what   • Cooked cold sausage,
motivates the dog the most and                                         verbally praise our dog, it has
                                      chopped into chunks
will also be dependent on the                                          got the message that it did well,
                                    • Cheese, again diced into
age of the dog and the levels                                          simply by receiving that valued
of distractions it can cope with.                                      piece of food! Over time you
                                    • Cooked cold chicken
Let’s concentrate on Puppies                                           will remember to praise at the
                                    • Liver cake
and Beginner dogs. Levels of                                           same time, and your voice will
distraction that a puppy or                                            become associated with the
                                    Basically, something that the
young dog can cope with will                                           food, thereby you will become
                                    pup loves and does not get on
be very low.                                                           the reward.
                                    a regular basis!

Anything new or different like      I am often faced with the argu-
                                                                         Liver Cake
leaves in the wind, toys, oth-
er strange people, cars and
                                    ment that use of food is brib-       Recipe
                                    ery! And yes it is, and why not,
in particular other dogs are        do you get paid for working?         1lb Liver
going to be very exciting to                                             1lb SR Wholemeal flour
a puppy or young dog, and           The best reason of all for the       1 egg
though it may hurt you for me       use of food in training any ani-     4/5 cloves garlic
to tell you, you come very low      mal is that it works and makes       Milk to bind (if
down on the list of excitement      training fun for the animal; in      necessary)
at this stage!                      return the people enjoy the
                                    success of achieving their goals     Liquidise liver and
So, you need something when         and have a well behaved pet.         garlic. Add egg & flour.
training, to give you that edge                                          If still a bit stiff, add
and make the puppy want to          There is another reason for us-      more milk. Mixture
be with you and want to do          ing food as a reward. Our tim-       needs to be a
things for you!                     ing with praise can be off time!     mousse-like consistency.
                                    The pup achieves what we
The simplest and quickest way       want and we stand, pleased           Line a baking tray/dish
of achieving this is through        and amazed and often com-            with foil or greaseproof
tasty titbits!                      pletely forget to tell the dog,      paper and place mixture
                                    at the right moment that he has      in oven.
When we talk about Tasty Tit-       done well!
bits, I do mean tasty! Your pup-                                         Bake for about 1/2 hr on
py’s normal dried food or dog-      The use of food means that our       Gas 4.
gy chocolate buttons that he        timing is improved – we have
gets every day of the week at       a treat, the dog does what we        Leave to cool, cut into
home simply won’t be appeal-        ask and we pop the treat in –        doggie bite-size chunks!
ing enough when your pup is         even if we forget to smile and
     Dogs that
     snatch titbits
     Dogs can learn to snatch
     when using titbits for train-
     ing and it is this that often
     puts owners off of using
     titbits in training, by man-
     aging the way you feed
     you can cure or prevent
                                     Nessa with dumbbell                 Scruffs
     this habit.

       Close the titbit in your      The training
       fist and do not open the
       hand until the dog stops
       demanding the food            • One to ones
                                     • Small group classes (maximum of 6 dogs per session)
       Open your hand flat, as       • Specialist training events over half days or full day sessions
       when feeding a horse
                                     The one to ones for some dogs are the most efficient way into
                                     training, especially when the dog is displaying anti social behav-
       Do not allow your dog         iour, or behaviour that is less easy to address in a group or to fast
       to take the titbit from       track dog and handler.
       your hand until your
       hand is flat; this means      Small groups allow me to give attention to every handler, yet al-
       making sure your food         low the interaction essential to educating a dog to behave in the
                                     company of other dogs and people.
       is enclosed in a fist.
                                     Specialist training events give me the opportunity to spend longer
         "Following                  on training issues, are great for teaching an inexperienced dog
                                     how to settle in company as well as allow time to take the group
          the Lead"                  for a walk and continue the training in a natural environment.
          due out in
                                     For further personal and professional development I also offer:
         the Autumn                  • Dog psychology / behaviour courses
       (pre-order your               • Workshops on specific areas of behaviour for example, dog
                                        to dog aggression, how not to get bitten and other
            copy)                       workshops aimed at dog professionals e.g. vet nurses, dog
                                        trainers, animal rescue workers, groomers, dog walkers and
     I can, through years of ex-        dog wardens and even postmen.
     perience, guarantee that
     the best-trained dogs are
     the ones whose owners
     are happy to reward them
     with food for everything
     that they do well, and who
     continue to use the treat-
     based training method
     throughout the dog's life.
10                                   Lara, Sasha and Casper having fun at class
What happens
at class?
Each new course begins with introductions of the people and goal     Here are some
setting, both short and long term.
                                                                     examples of some
The goal setting allows the group to decide on their focus, cre-     of the training and
ating a cohesive friendly group and supportive environment for
people and dogs.                                                     behaviour issues I
                                                                     have helped to
As you progress to higher classes the exercises become more var-
ied and increasingly more challenging as we move away from           change for the
body language and the dog learns vocal commands, and the dis-        better:
tance between dog and handler increases to create obedience at
a distance and off lead!
Typically in a puppy class we cover:                                 • Pulling on the lead
•   Teach your dog to walk on lead
                                                                     • Chewing and home
•   Come to call Recall                                                wrecking
•   Sit on command
•   Down on command
                                                                     • Mounting
•   Stay sit and down                                                • Biting
•   Attention getting exercises
•   Handling and grooming
                                                                     • Dog to dog aggression
And the unwanted behaviours covered might include:                   • Dog to people aggression
                                                                     • Barking
•   Jumping up
•   Play biting                                                      • Excitable behaviour
•   Barking                                                          • Grooming advice
•   Stealing and other unwanted attention seeking behaviours
                                                                     • Pooh eating
Any unwanted behaviour that the group choose in week one             • Jumping up
would be included in the course, it can take longer to change
them completely, but the owner should start to feel in control im-   • Toilet training
mediately.                                                           • Introducing a new baby
As you and your dog advance we add more advanced                     • Introducing a new pet
                                                                     • Dog food and feeding
• Retrieve
• Scent
                                                                     • All aspects of puppy care
• Fun agility                                                        • To sterilise or not and
• Take all exercises to an advanced stage with the dog
  performing off lead in the company of other dogs and
  distractions                                                       • What breed of dog would
• Veterinary examination
• Go to bed
                                                                       suit me?

These advance exercises are introduced in simple fun
way to begin with that allows us to advance your dog                 And many more!
in a fun way to a high standard in progressive steps!
     Do you have                                    Stay sit and down
     problems                                       Play biting
     with any                                       Come to call Recall
     of these:                                      Walking on the lead
                                                    Jumping up

      If so you need the DOG
                   ,                                CALMER
     Contact    Avril on 01279 871976, for          You will be amazed
     either a1:1 session with your dog or sign up   at how quickly you
     for a 6 week course where you will be part
                                                    & your dog will learn
     of a small group (5 maximum), and meet
                                                    and benefit from
     weekly.                                        formal training!                   Tel: 01279 871976

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