The New Immigrants by km22df0

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									 The New
Immigrants
Chapter 20, Section 1
   Pgs. 582-587
Emigrate
   To leave the
    country
    where you
    were born to
    move to
    another
    country to
    live.
Ethnic Group
   Groups of
    people who
    follow the
    same
    customs and
    speak the
    same
    language
Steerage
   The cramped,
    noisy quarters
    on the lower
    decks of the
    steamships
    where most
    immigrants
    traveled
    because it was
    cheap.
Sweatshop
   Dark crowded
    workshops
    where
    workers
    made
    clothing
Assimilate
   To become part of
    a culture which is
    not your own
New Immigrants
   80% of immigrants coming to the U.S. in
    the early 1900s came from southern and
    eastern Europe.
   They had difficulties here because few
    spoke English and their cultures and
    religions were unfamiliar to most
    Americans.
Immigration
   The new immigrants left their homelands for the
    following reasons:
       economic troubles
       Overcrowding and poverty
       Lack of farmland and crop failures
       Machines put many craft workers out of work
       Persecution of ethnic groups by the government
   The new immigrants came to the U.S. for the
    following reasons:
       Opportunities and jobs
       Land
       A chance at a better life
Entrance to the United States
   Most immigrants were greeted by the
    Statue of Liberty since most immigrants
    arrived on the east coast at Ellis Island in
    New York Harbor.
   Some immigrants arrived on the west coast
    at Angel Island in San Francisco Bay.
The Entrance Exam
   Immigrants were asked their
    names which were often
    changed
   They were asked about where
    they came from and what their
    occupation had been.
   They were asked if they had
    any relatives in the United
    States.
   They were given a health exam
Greatest Challenges
   The greatest challenge was to find work.
   In trying to adjust to the United States
    though they had two desires.
       First they wanted to preserve some aspects of
        their own cultures.
       But at the same time they wanted to become part
        of the American culture.
Ethnic Communities
   Once in America, most
    immigrants migrated
    towards areas of the cities
    where others like
    themselves lived.
   By doing this they were
    able to work together to
    preserve their cultural
    heritage.
   Examples: Little Italy,
    Chinatown, etc.
Immigration Laws
   The Chinese Exclusion Act
       This law prohibited Chinese workers from
        entering the U.S. for 10 years. Congress
        extended the law twice.
   Immigration Act of 1917
       This law included a literacy requirement which
        stated that immigrants to this country should be
        able to read and write.
Immigrants Enrich Society
   Many of the things we enjoy as Americans
    today are passed down from these
    immigrants.
   They brought with them customs, cultures,
    languages, literature, and FOOD!

								
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