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USE OF ADJECTIVES Welcome: I would like to begin with some words to welcome you to this virtual course hoping that this experience helps you increase your command of the English Language and especially helps you understand adjectives which have a specific order to modify or describe a noun. Introduction Kids enjoy a song dealing with adjectives. They catch the sounds and they just repeat and follow the rhythm. Teenagers begin asking questions about the position of it and why some of them end in –ed. They also would like to learn more adjectives rather than the usual ones they learned in their past, intelligent, beautiful, best, funny. Adults wonder why the adjectives are modifying certain nouns and why they can’t write it somewhere else, this happens especially when they are translating from Spanish to English. Cute, handsome, intelligent, interesting, beautiful, bad, nice, cheap, heavy, easy or difficult are some of the words teenagers use to describe a situation, event, task or person. Teenagers usually talk about different topics. They tend to compare each music genre, TV program, singer or actor. They also like to share information about authors of songs, bands, books of their interest. Besides, some of them learn the adjectives to talk with their classmates to give either negative or positive attributes to them. The concept of adjectives, the order and position, the correct use of them, and the word choice when confusing some of them with any other type of word will help to have a better understanding of it. The two types of comparison when dealing with adjectives are not only about a rule but also about getting conscious of the fact of applying that rule to compare different amounts of things or people. Objectives: To help students to get more information about the usage of adjectives, let them know about its features, usual order, and rules to make comparisons, include the exception of the adjectives, how to choose the correct adjective according to the context, and how to identify it among pronouns and nouns in sentences. COURSE CONTENT: ADJECTIVES: The word adjective brings to mind the following characteristics: Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns by telling which, what kind of, whose or how many. An adjective can be a word a phrase or a clause. Verbs have an adjective form called a participle. All possessive words are adjectives. One or more adjectives can modify a noun. Usually, no more than three or four adjectives are used to describe the same noun. The chart gives examples of the usual order of some descriptive adjectives. Number Characteristic Size Shape Age Color Origin Noun A beautiful new green Italian suit Three big long red Pencils Some expensive old oriental Carpets Five different small round gold Rings COMPARATIVE FORM AND SUPERLATIVE FORM OF ADJECTIVES We use the comparative form of adjectives when we compare two persons, things or events. We use the superlative form of adjectives when we compare three or more things. Comparative Short adjectives = adjective + -er Examples: Shorter than Taller than Fatter than Long adjectives = More +adjective + than Examples: More intelligent than More difficult than More handsome than Superlative Short adjective = the + adjective + -est Examples: the longest The cheapest The loudest Long adjective= the + most + adjective Examples: The most interesting The most exciting The most expensive Certain adjectives are exceptions and do not follow the other rules. You are probably already familiar with these irregular adjective forms. Possitive Comparative Superlative (One) (Two) (Three or more) Bad worse worst Good better best Little less least Many more most Much more most Assignment: -Underline any adjectives in the following sentences: 1. Did you see the tall, skinny, girl on the diving board? 2. My sister Maude is tall and skinny. 3. Seven unhappy children were crying at the overcrowded beach. 4. Having had a miserable, depressing day, I walked to the bus stop in the pouring rain. 5. After a long morning the tense, understaffed accounting group left for a much- needed lunch. 6. He is the friendliest, most sincere person I know. 7. Where’s my dirty, ragged high school sweater? 8. Over the muddy river, through the spooky woods, and pass the old haunted house is how we get to Grandmother’s house. 9. Most people don’t like disorganized, boring English classes. 10. She has seventy baseball cards that were worth several dollars each. After you have done the previous assignment, you need to: -Write 50 words that describe you and your relationship with your family. Check spelling of the words. -Write a paragraph choosing the best five characteristics of you. Evaluation Criteria: Spelling: 15 pts Grammar 15 pts Total points: 30 pts.
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