Use of Adjectives by Milagros.Luna

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									                             USE OF ADJECTIVES

Welcome:
       I would like to begin with some words to welcome you to this virtual
course hoping that this experience helps you increase your command of the
English Language and especially helps you understand adjectives which have a
specific order to modify or describe a noun.

Introduction

        Kids enjoy a song dealing with adjectives. They catch the sounds and
they just repeat and follow the rhythm. Teenagers begin asking questions
about the position of it and why some of them end in –ed. They also would like
to learn more adjectives rather than the usual ones they learned in their past,
intelligent, beautiful, best, funny. Adults wonder why the adjectives are
modifying certain nouns and why they can’t write it somewhere else, this
happens especially when they are translating from Spanish to English.
        Cute, handsome, intelligent, interesting, beautiful, bad, nice, cheap,
heavy, easy or difficult are some of the words teenagers use to describe a
situation, event, task or person. Teenagers usually talk about different topics.
They tend to compare each music genre, TV program, singer or actor. They
also like to share information about authors of songs, bands, books of their
interest. Besides, some of them learn the adjectives to talk with their
classmates to give either negative or positive attributes to them.
        The concept of adjectives, the order and position, the correct use of
them, and the word choice when confusing some of them with any other type
of word will help to have a better understanding of it. The two types of
comparison when dealing with adjectives are not only about a rule but also
about getting conscious of the fact of applying that rule to compare different
amounts of things or people.

Objectives:

       To help students to get more information about the usage of adjectives,
let them know about its features, usual order, and rules to make comparisons,
include the exception of the adjectives, how to choose the correct adjective
according to the context, and how to identify it among pronouns and nouns in
sentences.
COURSE CONTENT: ADJECTIVES:
  The word adjective brings to mind the following characteristics:
      Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns by telling which, what kind of,
        whose or how many.
      An adjective can be a word a phrase or a clause.
      Verbs have an adjective form called a participle.
      All possessive words are adjectives.

One or more adjectives can modify a noun. Usually, no more than three or four
adjectives are used to describe the same noun. The chart gives examples of the
usual order of some descriptive adjectives.
Number    Characteristic   Size     Shape    Age Color     Origin     Noun
A         beautiful                          new green     Italian    suit
Three                      big      long         red                  Pencils
Some      expensive                          old           oriental   Carpets
Five      different        small    round        gold                 Rings

COMPARATIVE FORM AND SUPERLATIVE FORM OF ADJECTIVES

We use the comparative form of adjectives when we compare two persons,
things or events.

We use the superlative form of adjectives when we compare three or more
things.

Comparative

    Short adjectives = adjective + -er
Examples: Shorter than
           Taller than
           Fatter than
    Long adjectives = More +adjective + than
Examples: More intelligent than
           More difficult than
           More handsome than

Superlative
    Short adjective = the + adjective + -est
Examples: the longest
            The cheapest
            The loudest
    Long adjective= the + most + adjective
Examples: The most interesting
            The most exciting
            The most expensive

Certain adjectives are exceptions and do not follow the other rules. You are
probably already familiar with these irregular adjective forms.
Possitive              Comparative                 Superlative
(One)                  (Two)                       (Three or more)
Bad                    worse                       worst
Good                   better                      best
Little                 less                        least
Many                   more                        most
Much                   more                        most
Assignment:

-Underline any adjectives in the following sentences:

   1. Did you see the tall, skinny, girl on the diving board?
   2. My sister Maude is tall and skinny.
   3. Seven unhappy children were crying at the overcrowded beach.
   4. Having had a miserable, depressing day, I walked to the bus stop in the pouring
       rain.
   5. After a long morning the tense, understaffed accounting group left for a much-
       needed lunch.
   6. He is the friendliest, most sincere person I know.
   7. Where’s my dirty, ragged high school sweater?
   8. Over the muddy river, through the spooky woods, and pass the old haunted
       house is how we get to Grandmother’s house.
   9. Most people don’t like disorganized, boring English classes.
   10. She has seventy baseball cards that were worth several dollars each.


After you have done the previous assignment, you need to:
-Write 50 words that describe you and your relationship with your family. Check
spelling of the words.
-Write a paragraph choosing the best five characteristics of you.

Evaluation Criteria:
Spelling: 15 pts
Grammar 15 pts
Total points: 30 pts.

								
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