a weak syllable is an unstressed one, a strong syllable, the by A8I7MPe

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									                    Phonology


    segmental                        suprasegmental

“segments     of sound”
( What you say)
"cat" consists of three segments,
represented as "c", "a", and "t"    “How you say what you say”
in the spelling. Phonologists are   , such as structure of syllable
interested in why, for example,      tone, stress and intonation.
 there is an English word "cat",
and another English word "act",
but no "cta" or "tca".
Segmental phonology:

 A phoneme is ……………….
Pot
Pit
Pat
Putt
Put
 Segments
Suprasegmental phonology:

   syllables.
   intonation.
   stress.
1-The Syllable
Syllables are usually described as
consisting of a centre which has little
or no obstruction to airflow.

 Definition:
A syllable is a unit of sound. For example, the
  word water is composed of two syllables: wa
  and ter
Types of Syllables:

1- Minimum Syllable
Are - Or - Err
2- Onset
Bar - Car
3- Coda
Am - Ease
4- Onset& Coda
Fill - Sat - Ran
The Structure of English Syllable

   When we have 2 or more consonants
    together, we call them
             CONSONANT CLUSTER
What is a
consonant cluster?
 Definition:

A consonant cluster is a group or
sequence of consonants that appear
together in a syllable without a vowel
between them.
Examples
   Here are some examples of consonant
    clusters:
   \sp\ and \ts\ in the word spots
   \spr\ in the word spray
frog
tank
clock
star
pram
crab
desk
drum
black


        What colour?
pink


       What colour?
Remember:
   Consonant clusters can appear at the
    beginning and/ or the end of a word.
There are 2 types of initial two-consonant
clusters:
1- ( s ) + a consonant
Smoke
S= pre-initial
M= initial
2- consonant +( l, r, w or j )
Play
P= initial
L= post-initial
Initial Three consonant clusters

Spread
S= pre-initial
P= initial
R= post-initial
Other Examples:
String…

Spring…
Final consonant clusters

   Here we find the possibility of up to FOUR
    CONSONANTS at the end of a word.


   Any consonant may be a final consonant
    except h,   r, w, j
There are two types of two final
consonant clusters:
1- A final consonant preceded by a pre-final
   consonant.
Example:
Bank n=pre-final k= final
Belt
2- a final consonant followed by a post-final
   consonant.
Examples:
Beds d=final s=post-final
Eighth
There are 2 types of final three consonant
clusters:

1- pre-final+ final+ post-final (helped).
2- more than one post-final (lapsed).
Final Four consonant clusters:

   Pre-final+final+postfinal1+postfinal2.

   Example: twelfths

								
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