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San Francisco Oakland Bay Bridge East Span Seismic Safety

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					 San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge
 East Span Seismic Safety Project



 FINAL (REVISED)
 BIRD MONITORING AND MANAGEMENT PLAN




SEPTEMBER 2003




EA 012024, 012044, 0120C4, 0120E4, 0120F4, 0120G4,
04-SF-80 KP 12.2/KP 14.3
04-ALA-80 KP 0.0/KP 2.1
San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge
East Span Seismic Safety Project


FINAL (REVISED)
BIRD MONITORING AND MANAGEMENT PLAN




Prepared by

____________________________________
Steve Granholm
LSA Associates, Inc.

Reviewed by

____________________________________
Ivy Edmonds-Hess
Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas, Inc.

Approved by

____________________________________
Mara Melandry
Caltrans District 4
Final Bird Monitoring and Management Plan



INTRODUCTION
In order to improve the seismic safety of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge (SFOBB), the State
of California, Department of Transportation (Caltrans) is replacing the existing East Span with a new
bridge immediately to the north (see Figure 1). This is a multi-year effort that will involve a number
of construction activities on land as well as in the Bay. Some of these activities have been identified
in several documents as having potential effects on federally endangered or threatened bird species
and other bird species of special concern. These documents include:

    •   The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge East Span Seismic Safety Project Final
        Environmental Impact Statement/Statutory Exemption and Final Section 4(f) Evaluation
        (U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration [FHWA] May 2001)

    •   California Endangered Species Act Incidental Take Permit (No. 2081-2001-021-03) for the
        San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge East Span Seismic Safety Project (California Department
        of Fish and Game [CDFG] November 2001)

    •   San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission Permit No. 8-01 for the San
        Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge East Span Seismic Safety Project (San Francisco Bay
        Conservation and Development Commission [BCDC] November 2001, last amended
        September 17, 2003)

    •   Formal Endangered Species Consultation for the Proposed San Francisco-Oakland Bay
        Bridge East Span Seismic Safety Project, Alameda County, California (Letter 1-1-02-F-0002
        dated October 29, 2001) (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service [USFWS] October 2001)

For a detailed description of the construction activities, the bird species of concern, their regulatory
status, their status in the project area, and potential effects on birds, see the Assessment of Effects on
Birds (prepared for Caltrans by LSA Associates, 2002).

BCDC, USFWS, and CDFG require a mitigation plan that includes monitoring for the presence and
activities of these bird species in and around construction areas and documenting impacts if they
occur. BCDC Permit Special Condition F-6 states:
        “Prior to any construction authorized herein, proposed in areas that the U.S. Fish
        and Wildlife Service has determined may impact listed bird species, the permittee
        shall submit for review and concurrence by or on behalf of the Commission
        evidence, such as a contract and/or agreement with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
        Service, the U.C. Santa Cruz Predatory Bird Research Group and/or the Point
        Reyes Bird Observatory, that will ensure compliance with the terms of the
        Biological Opinion issued by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service with respect to the
        California least tern and the brown pelican.
        In addition, prior to any construction activities authorized herein, proposed in areas
        that the California Department of Fish and Game has determined may impact listed
        bird species, the permittee shall submit for review and concurrence by or on behalf
        of the Commission, evidence that a plan designed to minimize adverse impacts,
        such as monitoring procedures approved by the California Department of Fish and
        Game, in consultation with the Point Reyes Bird Observatory, to the double-crested
        cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus) colony which exists on the support beams and
        scaffolding underneath the existing bridge and other migratory bird nesting and
        breeding on the structure is in place.”

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                                                                                                                                     EMERYVILLE

               SAN FRANCISCO BAY




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                                              FRAN
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                                                                           Project Construction Limits                       SFOBB Toll Plaza

                         TREASURE
                          ISLAND




                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                       B
                                                                                                 G SFOB
                                                                                          EXISTIN SPAN
                                                                                             EAST




                                          Navigation                                                                                      880
                                           Channel
YERBA
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ISLAND




              O
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              C
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                                   Yerba Buena




          C
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              SFOBB                                                               SCALE                          Project Construction Limits
              EAST SPAN
                                                                       0    250    500             1000 m
              SEISMIC SAFETY                                                                                                           Figure 1
              PROJECT

                                                                                                                                          3/15/02

                                                                                                                                      Page A-3
Final Bird Monitoring and Management Plan



In addition, BCDC Permit Special Condition F-7 states:
        “Prior to opening the eastbound roadway of the new East Span to vehicular traffic,
        the permittee shall develop and implement a plan, in consultation with the
        California Department of Fish and Game and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
        and local Audubon chapters, and approved by or on behalf of the Commission
        pursuant to Special Condition II-A, to create approximately 500 square feet of
        shorebird roosting habitat in the Emeryville Crescent and at other suitable areas
        near the Oakland Touchdown.”

Page 23 of the USFWS Biological Opinion states:
        “FHWA/Caltrans, or a third party accepting the responsibility, will submit to the
        Service the following documents, reports, or plans prior to beginning on-site
        construction activities, or prior to implementation of activities to adequately
        mitigate the project’s impacts.”
Included in the list are mitigation-related project plans. The Biological Opinion covers the
California least tern and the California brown pelican.

Pages 4 and 5 (Fully Protected Species, Items 1 and 2) of the CDFG Incidental Take Permit require
that the permittee monitor for and report any impacts to the California least tern and California brown
pelican. In addition, Fully Protected Species, Item 3 (page 5) states that “Caltrans, in consultation
with the Department, shall develop a management plan that addresses potential impacts to peregrine
falcons and cormorants. The management plan shall discuss all bridge construction, removal, and
maintenance activities and develop schedules for activities in order to avoid the take of peregrine
falcons and cormorants, especially during their critical nesting periods.”

The following plan is intended to guide the bird monitoring and management efforts for
approximately six years, during construction of the new bridge and dismantling of the existing bridge.
The plan has been prepared for the review and approval by the USFWS, CDFG, and BCDC to ensure
compliance with their respective permit requirements, as described above.

This plan summarizes the monitoring requirements for the relevant bird species and provides a
detailed methodology for monitoring these birds over the course of the project. It also presents a
general management plan for minimizing adverse effects on American peregrine falcons and double-
crested cormorants. This monitoring plan does not address bird monitoring activities for the dredge
disposal operations at the San Francisco Deep Ocean Disposal Site (SF-DODS), which are addressed
in a separate monitoring protocol (Deep Ocean Disposal Seabird and Marine Mammal Monitoring
Protocol, prepared for Caltrans by LSA Associates and SRS Technologies, 2002).


BIRD MONITORING AND MANAGEMENT REQUIREMENTS
The following sections outline the species-specific monitoring and management requirements that
have been established by the relevant permitting agencies or identified in the FEIS. Table 1 provides
a summary of these requirements.

California Least Tern
USFWS (page 22) and CDFG (Fully Protected Species, Items 1 and 2 on pages 4 and 5) require
monitoring to avoid impacts to individual terns that may forage, rest, or travel through the project
area. USFWS (page 22) requires that “a monitor … be placed to observe construction areas where


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Final Bird Monitoring and Management Plan



project-related pile driving and dredging activities are underway in an effort to minimize impacts to
federally listed species” and that “an observer, approved by USFWS, … be placed to monitor the
driving of the 259 in-Bay, large diameter steel pipe piles.” These pile driving operations are to be
“monitored continuously for associated impacts to least terns and brown pelicans from April 1 to
October 1 each year of project-related pile driving operations.”

Based on the survey results of the first year of bird monitoring for the East Span Project, which
showed that large-diameter pile driving activities have not been adversely affecting the California
least terns and brown pelicans, the terms and conditions of the USFWS Biological Opinion and the
California Endangered Species Act Incidental Take Permit (No. 2081-2001-021-03) have been
revised. In consultation with USFWS and CDFG1, these changes do not require amendments to the
permits.

The new conditions to the monitoring program are as follows:
•   Monitoring every day of pile driving from April 20 through May 20;
•   Monitoring every other day of pile driving from August 1 through September 30; and
•   In the event that injury or mortality to any least terns or brown pelicans occurs as a result of pile
    driving operations, monitoring will immediately revert to full-time every day monitoring during
    pile driving operations until the project is completed.

In the event that, through monitoring, it is determined that construction activities result in a taking of
a least tern, Caltrans is required to consult with USFWS (page 45) and CDFG (Fully Protected
Species, Item 1 on page 5) within 24 hours from the discovery to determine the cause and to identify
measures to prevent additional take. In addition, if take occurs, Caltrans will be required to take
actions to provide additional predator and vegetation controls at the least tern breeding colony on the
Alameda Naval Air Station (NAS) (CDFG Fully Protected Species, Item 1 on page 5).

California Brown Pelican
USFWS (page 22) and CDFG (Fully Protected Species, Item 2 on page 5) monitoring requirements
for the brown pelican are the same as those for the least tern. In the event that take of this species is
observed, Caltrans is required to notify CDFG and USFWS within 24 hours of discovery and to work
with these agencies to evaluate methods to avoid additional project-related impacts to brown pelicans.

American Peregrine Falcon
The FEIS (page 4-87) discusses mitigation approaches to avoid impacts to this species. Mitigation
includes continuation of monitoring and release efforts by the Santa Cruz Predatory Bird Research
Group. If construction activities disturb nesting activities, the monitors would collect the eggs and/or
capture and release any chicks present to a natural off-site location. In addition, CDFG (Fully
Protected Species, Item 3 on page 5) requires that Caltrans, in consultation with CDFG, “develop a
management plan that addresses potential impacts to peregrine falcons and cormorants. This
management plan should include schedules for activities in order to avoid the take of peregrine
falcons and cormorants, especially during their critical nesting period.”

Double-crested Cormorant and Western Gull


1
 Email and telephone conversations between Dan Buford of USFWS, Tom Napoli of CDFG, and Andrea Hitt
of Caltrans on August 7, 2003.

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Final Bird Monitoring and Management Plan



BCDC Permit Special Condition F-6 and CDFG (Fully Protected Species, Item 3 on page 5) require
that a plan to minimize or avoid adverse impacts to double-crested cormorants be developed. In
addition, the FEIS (page 4-130) states that Caltrans will monitor the double-crested cormorant colony
during the breeding season and prevent the birds from nesting on the existing bridge where potential
impacts by construction activities could occur. Similar measures are required for the western gulls
because they are now known to nest on the existing bridge (LSA Associates observations, July 2002).

Species Potentially Nesting on Yerba Buena Island
The FEIS (page 4-130) states that nest surveys will be conducted for five bird species that may nest
on Yerba Buena Island (YBI): black-crowned night heron, white-tailed kite, Allen’s hummingbird,
bank swallow, and Bewick’s wren. Specifically, it states that a biological monitor will conduct a nest
survey prior to the removal of vegetation and trees during construction on YBI. In addition, the
Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) prohibits the killing or injuring of birds listed under the MBTA
or the disturbance or destruction of their nests and eggs, except as authorized under a valid permit (50
CFR 21.11). The MBTA protects most regularly occurring, native bird species in the United States.
Any vegetation or trees with nests, or those adjacent to areas with nests, will not be removed until the
nesting period is complete. This provision allows for removing vegetation prior to the breeding
season, which for most birds is defined as January through August, in order to avoid delays in
construction.

Shorebirds
To offset indirect impacts due to loss of shorebird foraging and roosting habitat, the FEIS (page 4-
130) and BCDC Permit Special Conditions F-5 and F-7 require enhancement or restoration of sand
flats, creation of upland refugia, and construction of 500 square feet (46 square meters) of roosting
habitat near the Emeryville Crescent. In addition, BCDC Permit Special Condition F-7 states that
“the shorebird roosting plan should include provisions for monitoring and submitting reports to the
Commission of shorebird use of the created roosting habitat.” This condition further specifies that
these surveys will include monthly bird counts at appropriate tidal stages between September and
April for a three-year period.


BIRD MONITORING AND MANAGEMENT PROGRAM
The following section describes the bird monitoring and management program, which is designed to
meet the bird monitoring and management requirements specified by the permitting agencies or in the
FEIS. All of the construction monitoring and surveys will be carried out by qualified observers who
are familiar with these species. As required, resumes will be submitted to USFWS (page 22) for
approval for each observer who will “monitor the driving of the 259 in-Bay, large-diameter steel pipe
piles.”

Monitoring of Active Construction Areas
To address the requirements of USFWS, CDFG, and the FEIS, five species of birds that have been
identified as potentially affected by the project will be monitored during pile driving, dredging, and
other construction activities that are in or adjacent to the Bay. These target species are the California
least tern, California brown pelican, American peregrine falcon, double-crested cormorant, and
western gull. Construction monitoring will consist of regular visits to record the presence and
absence of target species in or near the construction zone and to document any observed or potential
effects on these species due to the project. This section does not apply to peregrine falcon nest
surveys, which are addressed separately below. During monitoring the following protocol will be
used.

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Final Bird Monitoring and Management Plan




Frequency and Duration. The frequency and duration of each monitoring visit will vary depending
on the bird species, the time of year, and the construction activity taking place, as discussed below.

During Pile Driving. The most intensive monitoring will be carried out during periods when pile
driving of the 259 large-diameter piles occurs during April 20 through May 20 and August 1 through
September 30. If pile driving is in progress during April 20 through May 20, the period when least
terns arrive in the Bay Area and initiate breeding activities, pile driving sites will be monitored every
day of pile driving. If pile driving is in progress during August 1 through September 30, the period
when adult and juvenile least terns are more likely to have dispersed away from the nesting colony in
Alameda, pile driving sites will be monitored every other day of pile driving. In the event that injury
or mortality to any least tern or brown pelican occurs as a result of pile driving operations, monitoring
will immediately revert to full-time, every day of pile driving activities, until the project is completed.

During Other Construction Activities. During construction periods that do not include pile driving
of the large diameter piles, or are scheduled during October 1 through April 19 and May 21 through
July 31, bird monitors will conduct a survey one day per week for 3 hours.

Timing. Monitoring sessions will be carried out primarily in the morning, when bird activity is
normally at its peak. Over the course of this project, different tidal stages will occur in the morning
and, as a result, bird activity will be recorded during different tidal stages. To the extent possible,
monitors will avoid scheduling surveys on consecutive days, to ensure that the monitoring assesses a
representative sample of construction activities and bird activities each week.

Monitoring Locations. Bird monitors will be stationed at different locations, depending on the
nature and location of the construction activities taking place. Monitoring will be carried out from the
Bay if needed to sufficiently monitor on-the-Bay construction. These surveys will be carried out
from small boats, or from the construction barges (if feasible). Monitoring will also be carried out
from land at the Oakland Touchdown and YBI, to assess the effects of land-based activities and work
taking place near the shoreline. In addition, multiple locations may be used during any given day to
ensure adequate coverage of the work areas. The monitoring will cover every active construction
contract on each monitoring visit.

Survey Methods. During each survey, one or two bird monitors will use binoculars and/or spotting
scopes to scan for target bird species. Monitors will observe bird behavior within 1,640 feet (500
meters) of construction activities and will note their presence within 3,280 feet (1,000 meters) of
construction activities. Bird monitors will also note the presence of all other species of birds and
marine mammals within 1,640 feet (500 meters) of construction. Observations will be recorded on
project-specific data sheets (see attached example), with separate sheets used for each day and each
construction contract. In addition, the location of the current construction activities surveyed will be
recorded on a map and attached to the corresponding data sheet.

For the California least tern, California brown pelican, and American peregrine falcon, the following
information will be collected:

•   Number of individuals observed (separately for adults, juveniles, and nestlings);
•   Distance to construction activities;
•   Behaviors and activities, especially any behavior seemingly in response to construction; and
•   Disturbance or incidental take of individuals during construction.


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Final Bird Monitoring and Management Plan




Monitoring of double-crested cormorants and western gulls will focus on the East Span of the existing
bridge, which already supports a large cormorant colony and at least several western gull nests. The
following information will be collected for these two species:

•   Nesting behavior; and
•   Responses to construction activities.


American Peregrine Falcon Nest Monitoring
As discussed in the FEIS (page 4-130), the peregrine nest(s) on the East Span will be monitored to
assess the potential effects on this species from construction activities.

Frequency and Duration. Site visits will be made weekly during the nesting season for 1 to 4 hours
per visit to determine the nesting status of any peregrine falcons nesting on the existing bridge. The
survey frequency will be increased to once per day if a nest is active during construction or
demolition activities. This survey frequency may be reduced to 3 times per week if, in the judgement
of the bird monitor, the construction activities are unlikely to disturb the birds’ nesting activity.

Timing. Peregrine falcon nest monitoring will be conducted at varying times of day during the
course of monitoring to account for changes in their activity patterns relative to tide and prey species
abundance.

Monitoring Locations. The peregrine nest monitoring will be carried out from an observation point
near the eastern shore of YBI, just north of the bridge alignment. This site provides an ideal viewing
area of the existing nest site on the bridge as well as foraging activities of the peregrines.

Survey Methods. The bird monitor will use binoculars and a spotting scope to scan the bridge for
peregrine nests and/or nesting activity. The following information will be collected during each visit:

•   Number of individuals observed (separately for adults, juveniles, and nestlings);
•   Activities that indicate possible, probable, or confirmed nesting;
•   Location of each nest observed. This will be recorded on a detailed map of the bridge indicating
    pier numbers; and
•   Current stage of the nesting cycle (e.g., parents carrying food, nestlings observed).




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Final Bird Monitoring and Management Plan



Nest Surveys on Yerba Buena Island
As stated in the FEIS (page 4-130), a bird monitor will conduct nest searches, prior to vegetation
removal on YBI, for five species of concern that may nest on YBI: black-crowned night heron, white-
tailed kite, Allen’s hummingbird, bank swallow, and Bewick’s wren. In addition, these surveys will
include nest searches for all other bird species protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act.

Frequency and Duration. Nest searches will be conducted prior to each construction activity that
will require vegetation removal on YBI during the breeding season. The breeding seasons for
different bird species vary, but one or more of these species may be nesting between January and
August. The duration of each survey will vary according to the total area to be searched. To confirm
the presence or absence of breeding, the observer will survey the site once. To determine nest
locations, up to two more surveys may be conducted. Nest surveys are required during any breeding
season when vegetation removal will take place, for the duration of the project.

Timing. These surveys will take place no earlier than two weeks before the start of vegetation
removal. This will help to ensure that no nesting activity begins in the intervening period between a
survey and the actual work. The bird monitors will conduct these surveys in the morning and will
avoid windy or rainy days, if possible.

Survey Methods. The bird monitors will conduct a walking search using binoculars to scan for nests
or nesting activity and listening for bird calls. The surveys will cover the construction zone and the
adjacent areas out to 328 feet (100 meters) from the construction limits. Care will be taken to avoid
disturbing nests or breeding birds. The following information will be collected for each of the target
species:

•   Number of individuals observed (separately for males, females, juveniles, and nestlings);
•   Activities that indicate possible, probable, or confirmed nesting;
•   Location of each nest observed. This will be recorded on a topographic map of 1" = 100' or
    larger scale;
•   Current stage of the nesting cycle (e.g., parents carrying food, nestlings observed); and
•   Estimated time to completion of breeding activities.


Management Plan for American Peregrine Falcon, Double-crested Cormorant, and
Western Gull
Because these three species nest on the existing bridge, there is concern that construction activities
may have an effect on their breeding success (see the Assessment of Effects on Birds, prepared for
Caltrans by LSA Associates, 2002). This section outlines avoidance measures and scheduling
guidelines to help avoid the take of these species, as required by CDFG (Fully Protected Species,
Item 3 on page 5), BCDC (Special Condition F-6), and the FEIS (page 4-130).

During the dismantling work, to avoid take, Caltrans will prevent cormorants and gulls from nesting
in portions of the bridge where potential impacts from construction activities could occur by
following the methods implemented for maintenance activities on the existing bridge (FEIS page 4-
130). As specified in the FEIS:




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Final Bird Monitoring and Management Plan



•   Nesting will be prevented by monitoring such areas regularly during the breeding season and
    washing partially constructed nests off the bridge with water when the nests are actively
    occupied; and
•   If the nests are completed and the birds have laid eggs, the nests will not be disturbed.

Partially constructed nests will be washed off by members of the construction crew who have been
trained by the bird monitors.

During the construction and dismantling phases, bird monitors will assess whether construction
activities are disturbing the nesting activities of peregrine falcons to the point that the pair may
abandon the nest. If so, the monitors will collect the eggs and/or capture and release any chicks
present to a natural off-site location, as specified in the FEIS (page 4-130). The eggs and chicks will
be collected/captured and released by the Santa Cruz Predatory Bird Group or by other biologists who
have the appropriate expertise and authorizations from CDFG.

Prior to beginning dismantling of the existing East Span, Caltrans will explore the possibility of
timing the dismantling activities to minimize disturbance of nesting by peregrine falcons, double-
crested cormorants, and western gulls, e.g., by scheduling dismantling activities in the vicinity of
known nest-sites outside of the breeding season. The breeding seasons for these three species vary.
Peregrine falcons may begin breeding activity as early as December; they typically lay eggs in early
March, and the young generally fledge in the third week of May (FEIS page 3-74). Double-crested
cormorants may have active nests on the East Span any time between March and September (FEIS
page 4-127). The nesting season for western gulls is similar to double-crested cormorants and they
may have active nests anytime between April and August (Water Birds of California, by H.L.
Cogswell, 1977).

A plan designed to minimize adverse impacts to these three species within known nesting areas on the
existing bridge will be developed prior to the beginning of dismantling activities. This plan will
address impact avoidance measures such as appropriate scheduling of work activities, the timing of
measures to prevent nesting on the existing East Span, and buffer zones around the breeding colony.
As required for minimizing impacts to the double-crested cormorant (BCDC Permit Special
Condition F-6), the plan will be submitted for review and concurrence by BCDC and will be
developed in consultation with CDFG and the Point Reyes Bird Observatory.

Post-construction Shorebird Roosting Site Surveys
Following the construction of 500 square feet (46 square meters) of roosting habitat near the
Emeryville Crescent, as mitigation for the temporary loss of roosting habitat during construction, a
bird monitor will monitor the constructed roosting sites to determine the extent to which shorebirds
use the sites.

Frequency and Duration. Surveys will be carried out once per month during September through
April for three years, as required by BCDC Permit Special Condition F-7. Each survey will be about
2 hours long.

Timing. Each survey will be timed to occur during one of the highest tides of the month when the
greatest numbers of shorebirds would be expected to use the roosting sites.

Survey Methods. The bird monitor will use binoculars and/or a spotting scope to scan the
constructed roosting sites for shorebirds. The surveyor will also record the shorebirds roosting at


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Final Bird Monitoring and Management Plan



nearby existing roosting sites (if any), for comparison. Each survey will include the known shorebird
roosting site around the radio towers north of the SFOBB toll plaza. The following information will
be collected and recorded on data sheets:

•   Shorebird species present at each roosting site, including the constructed roosting site and other
    existing roosting sites;
•   Approximate number of each species; and
•   Differential use or avoidance of different portions of the constructed roosting sites.


Notification
The bird monitors will contact the Caltrans Permit Compliance Manager prior to each survey to
inform her of the starting time, duration, and location of the survey.

The bird monitors will also notify Caltrans promptly if incidental take of a California least tern,
California brown pelican, or American peregrine falcon is observed during the surveys, so that
Caltrans can notify USFWS and CDFG within 24 hours of the take incident, as required by their
permits.

Reporting
The bird monitoring team will submit a weekly memo to Parsons Brinckerhoff and the memo will
subsequently be forwarded to Caltrans by Wednesday of each week. Each memo will summarize the
bird monitoring activities and observations made of the target species during the previous week.
These results will be summarized as necessary to meet annual report requirements (e.g., an annual
status report to CDFG describing avoidance, minimization, and mitigation measures; an annual report
to USFWS summarizing impacts to the California least tern and California brown pelican during pile
driving conducted from April 1 to October 1; and an annual report to BCDC regarding shorebird use
of constructed roosting sites).




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                                            Table 1: Bird Monitoring and Management Components

    BIRD MONITORING OR                         MONITORING OR                                 SPECIES              PERMIT/DOCUMENT
       MANAGEMENT                           MANAGEMENT ACTIVITY                                                    REQUIRING THIS
        COMPONENT                                                                                                   COMPONENT*
 Monitoring of active construction     In order to monitor active construction      California least tern        USFWS, CDFG
 areas                                 areas and assess effects on the target       California brown pelican     USFWS, CDFG
                                       species, the following monitoring will       American peregrine falcon    FEIS
                                       be carried out:                              Double-crested cormorant     FEIS
                                       •   Conduct surveys on every day of          Western gull                 FEIS
                                           large diameter pile driving during
                                           April 20 through May 20; and
                                       •    Conduct surveys on every other day
                                            of large diameter pile driving
                                            during August 1 through September
                                            30; and
                                       •    Conduct surveys one day per week
                                            for 3 hours during all other times of
                                            year.
 American peregrine falcon nest        Conduct one to seven surveys per week,       American peregrine falcon    FEIS
 monitoring                            depending on construction activity and
                                       activity at the nest-site.
 Nest surveys on Yerba Buena           Conduct up to three nest searches            All bird species protected   FEIS
 Island                                within two weeks prior to each               under the Migratory Bird     MBTA
                                       vegetation removal project on Yerba          Treaty Act
                                       Buena Island, if vegetation will be
                                       removed during the breeding season.
 Management plan for American          Provide plan with avoidance measures         American peregrine falcon    CDFG, FEIS
 peregrine falcon, double-crested      and scheduling guidelines to help avoid      Double-crested cormorant     BCDC, CDFG, FEIS
 cormorant, and western gull           the take of these species.                   Western gull                 BCDC, FEIS




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Final Bird Monitoring and Management Plan




     BIRD MONITORING OR                                  MONITORING OR                                               SPECIES                         PERMIT/DOCUMENT
         MANAGEMENT                                    MANAGEMENT ACTIVITY                                                                            REQUIRING THIS
         COMPONENT                                                                                                                                     COMPONENT*
 Post-construction shorebird                      Conduct surveys once per month,                          All shorebirds                           BCDC
 roosting site surveys                            September through April, for 3 years
                                                  following construction of new roosting
                                                  site(s).
*BCDC: San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission. SFOBB East Span Project Permit No. 8-01. November, 2001.
FEIS: Federal Highway Administration. San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge East Span Seismic Safety Project, Final Environmental Impact Statement/Statutory Exemption and Final Section 4(f)
Evaluation. May, 2001.
USFWS: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Formal Endangered Species Consultation for the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge East Span Seismic Safety Project, Alameda County, California (Letter 1-
1-02-F-0002). October 29, 2001.
CDFG: California Department of Fish and Game. California Endangered Species Act Incidental Take Permit (No. 2081-2001-021-03) for the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge East Span Seismic
Safety Project. November, 2001.
MBTA: Migratory Bird Treaty Act. (16 U.S.C. 703-712; Ch. 128; July 13, 1918; 40 Stat. 755) as amended by: Chapter 634; June 20, 1936; 49 Stat. 1556; P.L. 86-732; September 8, 1960; 74 Stat. 866;
P.L. 90-578; October 17, 1968; 82 Stat. 1118; P.L. 91-135; December 5, 1969; 83 Stat. 282; P.L. 93-300; June 1, 1974; 88 Stat. 190; P.L. 95-616; November 8, 1978; 92 Stat. 3111; P.L. 99-645;
November 10, 1986; 100 Stat. 3590 and P.L. 105-312; October 30, 1998; 112 Stat. 2956




San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge East Span Seismic Safety Project                                                                                                                               13
Final Bird Monitoring and Management Plan



                                 DATA SHEET EXAMPLE (2 pages)




San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge East Span Seismic Safety Project
                                  Bird Monitoring - Bay Bridge East Span Project
                                                             Page 1 of 2

Construction Contract:                                                   Date:                                 Start time:
                                                                                                               Stop time:
Observers:                                                               Survey type:         Boat / Land

Construction Activities1:                                                Cloud cover (%):                      Wind (Beaufort):

                                                                         Temp (F):                             Tide2:



                                                  Tally of         Distance to
                                                                               3
                  Species                       Individuals Total Construction                                  Behavior/Activity4
Calif. Least Tern (LETE)
(Status5: FE, SE, FP)




Brown Pelican (BRPE)
(Status5: FE, SE, FP)




Peregrine Falcon (PEFA)
(Status5: SE, FP)




Double-crested cormorant (DCCO)                                                              Observations6
(Status5: CSC)




Western Gull (WEGU)                                                                          Observations6




Notes:




1
    DR = Dredging; PD = Pile Driving; DEM = Demolition; EQ = equipment traffic
2
    Tide: record the tide level at the Start Time and Stop Time, and the peak (high or low) tide during the survey.
     Use MLLW datum (in feet).
3
    Record approximate distance from construction site for every sighting (in meters; 500+ = 500 to 1000 meters).
4
    FO = fly over; F = foraging; R = resting; PR = pair; N = at a nest; FC = carrying food; FL = fledglings;
     AV = avoidance of construction activity.
5
    FE = Federally Endangered; SE = State Endangered; FP = State Fully Protected; CSC = State Species of Special Concern
6
    Nesting behavior and responses to construction activities.


       10/31/2002\P:\pbk230\birdSurvey Form
                             Bird Monitoring - Bay Bridge East Span Project
                                                   Page 2 of 2

Construction Contract:                             Date:                      Start time:
                                                                              Stop time:

Other Species Present1,2                           Other Species Present1,2




Notes:




1
    Within 500 meters of construction activities
2
    Birds and marine mammals

      10/31/2002\P:\pbk230\birdSurvey Form

				
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