RC Report DPRK 2003

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RC Report DPRK 2003 Powered By Docstoc
					           OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA


                  Resident Coordinator Annual Report for 2003


Overview

The United Nations response in 2003 to the emergency in the Democratic People’s
Republic of Korea (DPRK) took place against a backdrop of continuing economic
difficulties and a weakened international response, both of which threatened to
undermine the substantial gains that humanitarian assistance has achieved. The
humanitarian emergency in the DPRK is not over. Assistance is still needed and
continues to play a vital role in safeguarding and promoting the well being of millions
whose nutritional status and general health would otherwise be seriously
compromised. In the DPRK, health indicators have worsened. Nine per cent of
children suffer from acute malnutrition, while chronic malnutrition (stunted growth) in
some parts of the country, such as Ryanggang, is typically more than 45%. Anaemia
is common, and is seen in 30% of pregnant women. The maternal mortality rate is of
great concern, doubling since 1993. Despite being rich with water resources, many
girls and women spend hours each day collecting water from unsafe sources
because of a breakdown of water systems, and difficulties with electricity.

Nonetheless in 2003, the international response has made considerable progress
towards meeting some of the basic needs of the population. Chronic malnutrition
dropped from 62% in 1998, to 42% in 2002. This can be attributed in part to the
substantial humanitarian assistance provided by the international community, in
particular food aid. In 2002, over 350,000 people benefited from improved water
quantity and quality, reinforcing the gains in nutrition. Humanitarian assistance has
supported the dramatic 72.3 % decrease in the number of malaria cases in a 12-
month period: a fall from 185,420 cases to 38,920 cases. This progress
demonstrates that well targeted assistance can have an immediate and sustainable
impact on the lives of vulnerable people.

The overall situation in the DPRK remained extremely complex with two key events in
the external environment impacting on the humanitarian situation. Since last year’s
RC Report was written, there has been increasing security tension on the Korean
peninsula following the re-emergence of the nuclear issue on the peninsula in
October 2002. This has had a pervading negative effect on the appeal and efforts by
UN agencies and NGOs to build national capacity through rehabilitation and
development activities. The negative impact of the nuclear issue was compounded by
the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) epidemic.

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Whilst there was no SARS reported in the DPRK, the proximity to China and the
present status of health services in the country made the country vulnerable to
SARS. The physical facilities in hospitals are poor. Inadequate water and electricity
severely hamper the functioning of hospitals. This would make it difficult to isolate
patients adequately and maintain proper hospital infection control. The lack of



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           OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA

adequate medical supplies and equipment and the limited knowledge of modern
barrier nursing techniques, make this task even more difficult. Furthermore, the ability
of nurses to handle patients that require intensive care is very limited due to the low
ratio of nurses to patients and doctors compared to international standards. The
caring for SARS patients is demanding on nursing skills. To prevent the introduction
of SARS to the country, national authorities took effective measures, including
quarantine regulations and travel restrictions. Although these measures went beyond
World Health Organization’s (WHO) technical recommendations, they must be seen
against the background of the overriding need to avoid a SARS outbreak in the
DPRK.

From the beginning of the outbreak in China in March, WHO had raised the alert, and
kept the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) informed on SARS preparedness. This had
been particularly important because of the rapid development and spread of SARS,
and the fact that health officials do not have access to internet and international
health information resources. A secondary impact of SARS was the adverse effect it
had on the DPRK economy. A project for improvement of hygiene and infection
control in hospitals nationwide was undertaken in 2003 as part of SARS
preparedness activities in cooperation among the IFRC, United Nation Children’s
Fund (UNICEF) and WHO. Premiere Urgence, with the support of the Office for the
Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) NGO Funding Mechanism and World
Food Programme (WFP), constructed improved isolation facilities in the designated
SARS hospital, Anju People’s Hospital.

Nuclear Issue
Following the re-emergence of the nuclear issue in the DPRK in October 2002, there
has been a steady deterioration in the relations between the DPRK, Republic of
Korea (RoK), Japan and the United States (US). This issue is complex and multi-
faceted. Irrespective of the merits of each party’s position, the impact on the
development agenda was severe. The six party talks in Beijing, from 27 to 29 August,
whilst seen as positive by some commentators, did not lead to any substantive
change by any of the parties. Whilst most donors have continued to separate politics
from humanitarian aid, the serious deterioration in the external environment affected
the level of assistance to the country. The Common Humanitarian Action Plan
(CHAP) short-term goal of meeting the needs of the most vulnerable through direct
humanitarian activities was handicapped by the continued reluctance of some donors
to provide humanitarian assistance. The deterioration in the external environment
also undermined the CHAP strategic goal of strengthening the foundation, and
building capacities, for future development. This goal was impeded, as it required a
commitment from donors for rehabilitation and development activities. Most donors
will not support rehabilitation and development activities until the nuclear issue has
been resolved. Unfortunately there has also been a substantial decrease in
humanitarian assistance from some traditional humanitarian donors.

As stated in last year’s report and in the CHAP, there remains an urgent need for
external actors to both continue to support humanitarian action and at the same time



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           OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA

to support and advocate for an enabling environment for rehabilitation and
development. Central to such a change (and the facilitation of an exit strategy for
humanitarian programmes) is the need to recognise and support UN agencies as
facilitators of positive improvements. This will not happen until a sustainable positive
political solution is agreed upon.

Donor response to rehabilitation and development needs, coordinated through the
Roundtable Process (which was last held in 2000), has been very weak, and donors
continue to seek an improved quality of interaction with the DPRK before considering
more support in this area. This has resulted in limited capacity of the UN system to
support national efforts to implement MDGs.

The UN system in DPRK aims at responding to people’s basic needs and rights. The
humanitarian response to the emergency in the DPRK is about human development,
which starts with meeting people's basic needs and rights, and expanding their
choices to solve their own problems by building on their capacities through their own
initiatives and strategies. It is about working towards self-reliance through building
human capacity; the breadth of activities that people can do or who they can be, the
most basic of which is leading a healthy life, and being educated. This requires safe
water and sanitation, access to basic health services, and an absence of hunger. An
important pillar in such an approach is the incorporation of capacity building and
upgrading of knowledge. Strengthening national counterparts can increase not only
the efficiency of the humanitarian response, but also reinforce the relief to
development continuum.

Coordination mechanisms

WFP, UNICEF, WHO, OCHA, FAO, UNDP and UNFPA have offices headed by
representatives in Pyongyang. IAEA had consultants in the country until late 2002.
Close collaboration continues between the agencies, and regular meetings have
taken place of the UN country team, with chairmanship and venue rotating between
the agencies.

The UN Resident Coordinator is also the Humanitarian Coordinator, UNDP Resident
Representative, WFP and UNFPA Representative. The RC Office relies primarily on
OCHA to provide coordination support services given the limited capacity of the
UNDP in the DPRK.

The UN System in DPRK continued to be guided by the UN Country Team’s Strategy
Paper endorsed by agencies in New York in 1999. During 2002, agencies worked
with government to produce a draft Common Country Assessment (CCA), which
could lead to a United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF). The
CCA was approved for release in 2003. The view of the agencies at this time is that
for a number of reasons, including the absence of an enabling environment for
development, it is not yet be possible to complete the UNDAF, as agreed with DGO
in 2002.



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           OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA


Coordination is primarily undertaken through the Inter-Agency Forum. The forum,
which is chaired by the Resident Coordinator/Humanitarian Coordinator, is
participatory and inclusive. A standing invitation exists for UN Agencies, IFRC,
NGOs, Donors and Donor representatives to attend and participate. The OCHA
Office is the secretariat for the Inter-Agency Forum. Minutes of the meeting are not
taken at the request of the forum members.

The Forum has a number of working groups that are accountable to the Inter-Agency
Forum. The working groups provide the Inter-Agency Forum with a brief periodic
update on their activities on a regular basis. Reporting to the Inter-Agency Forum are
sector working groups and theme-groups covering Agriculture (Chair UNDP), Health
and Nutrition (Chair WHO/UNICEF), Maternal Health (Chair by UNFPA) Water and
Sanitation (Chair UNICEF), Food Aid (Chair WFP), Gender (Chair OCHA) and the
HIV/AIDS Theme Group (chaired by WHO). This arrangement ensures that there is
good coordination within the relief programmes and the recovery programmes, and
also that the agreed relief to recovery strategy is smoothly implemented. Whilst the
Inter-Agency Forum and host UN agency determine the method and frequency of
reporting, agendas and minutes are produced and disseminated for each working
group meeting. Annex 5 details membership of working groups and the Inter-Agency
Forum.

The Food Aid Liaison Unit (FALU) funded and staffed by non-resident NGOs, and
housed within WFP, continued to advise, coordinate, monitor and report on the
contributions of non-resident NGOs.

Impact of UN reform

The UN reform process has provided guidance in many areas and offered
development frameworks; its contribution to countries in transition has been limited.
It is therefore more a question of how the country team has adapted the reform
process, rather than whether or not they achieved CCA/UNDAF.

During 2003, the UN agencies in the DPRK continued efforts aimed at supporting the
CCA and UNDAF process. Collaboration between the agencies has been extremely
good, and several joint programmes and projects have been undertaken. The guiding
coordination tools to achieve this has been the UN Consolidated Appeal Process
(CAP) for humanitarian programmes, and to a much lesser extent the Round Table
process for rehabilitation and development programmes. The CAP is the main annual
programming tool for most UN agencies.

Examples of inter-agency joint programming include:

      WFP/UNICEF local production of enriched blended foods and noodles for
       children and pregnant/nursing women. Note: biscuits are not enriched




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                 OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA

         WHO/UNICEF continue their Expanded Programme of child immunization
          programme.

         UNFPA/WHO for the bridging activities 2004 in Reproductive Health, WHO
          executing agency.

         WFP and IFAD together with UNDP are collaborating on a rural development
          programme. Little information on this programme is currently available.

         FAO and SDC participate in the WFP Food For Work Projects Review
          Committee, providing valuable technical advice.

         WFP and non-resident NGOs coordinate through the Food Aid Liaison Unit
          (FALU).

         UNDP/Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC) project to promote Capacity
          Building for Enhanced Development Cooperation between the DPRK and
          donors.

         The Agricultural Rehabilitation and Environmental Protection programme,
          supported by UNDP, FAO and IFAD, is supposed to provide a framework and
          management structure for UN agencies, bilateral donors and NGOs, to ensure
          recovery of agricultural production on a sustainable basis. 1

         Joint FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment missions in June and
          October.

         Improved coordination between the UN Agencies (WHO, UNICEF, IFRC and
          UNFPA), IFRC and the NGO community aimed at better co-operation, has
          enabled the development of a standardized essential drug list thus improving
          complementarity.

In line with the Secretary General’s reforms, the regular meetings of the operations
managers of the agencies have focused on harmonization between the agencies,
focusing especially on administration issues.

WFP continues to provide a generator that provides power to all staff of the different
agencies residing in the main residential block of flats. WFP and UNDP share
another generator, which provides power to the two offices. Frequent power outages,

1
  An analysis of aid flows into the agricultural sector indicates that the sector is still in dire need of a realistic mechanism that
clearly links the patchwork of CAP and non-CAP agricultural programmes and projects into a coherent framework. Such a
framework should ensure the limited humanitarian programmes complement and reinforce development programmes, and
are in line with national policy such as Agricultural Recovery and Environmental Protection (AREP). A realistic integrated
strategy of promoting agricultural production within the existing Government framework needs to be developed. The strategy
could include better land use, enhanced distribution systems, seed multiplication programmes, and improved mechanisms
for assessing and monitoring production.



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           OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA

and the very low voltages and cycles of the local power supply, which cannot keep
servers and email communications functioning, necessitate this.

The health and safety of field-based staff is still compromised, as satellite, HF and
VHF radio communications are not permitted. A mobile phone system was
established in early 2003 in the DPRK. At the time of writing, Agencies were still
investigating the coverage of the network.

A common approach is taken by all agencies, led by the UN Resident/Humanitarian
Coordinator, with respect to emergency medical evacuation, where there are
uncertainties as to the possibility and timeliness of arranging emergency medical
evacuations by air ambulance for treatment in Bangkok, Hong Kong or Beijing. Whilst
the Government has not agreed to the formal modalities of medical evacuation, a
successful medical evacuation was undertaken in late 2002.             The Resident
Coordinator continues to negotiate the issue on behalf of all the agencies. The costs
of a UNV doctor and a limited quantity of medical supplies are shared by the
agencies.

Support for CCA and eventual UNDAF

Many donors made the point at the June 2000 Roundtable meeting that they are
seeking a higher quality of interaction with the DPRK before they are prepared to
consider any significant development aid. Donors stated that they are seeking
improvements in areas including policy dialogue, partnership, transparency,
consistent and reliable data and information, and accountability.

A UNDP project in collaboration with the Swiss Agency for Development and
Cooperation addresses issues involved in the complex transition towards improved
development cooperation. This includes capacity building, institution strengthening,
accountability, transparency, access to information, formal interactions with donors
etc.

The Common Country Assessment has been agreed upon with Government and was
distributed to all stakeholders in early 2003. The UN agencies and the Government
will work jointly on the development of the UNDAF during 2004 and 2005.

The UN Country Team believes that the country needs to maintain the humanitarian
programmes for the time being, but urgently needs to address issues of development
cooperation, as it is only through a recovery of the agricultural and industrial base of
the country that the humanitarian problems can be overcome.




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                                                            OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA



                                                                        Results of the UN Coordination System 2003
                                                                                       in DPR Korea2

Coordination                  Expected Results as stated in               Actual Results achieved (please be specific   Cooperation strategies (joint         Lessons learned and good
objectives                    previous work plan (for 2003).              e.g. policy changes implemented, numbers,     programmes, partnerships,             practices.
                                                                          percent/proportion of people reached, cost    inter-agency theme groups)
                                                                          and resource savings, application of
                                                                          training).
PART 1
Improved support to           Efforts continue to be made by              The Government, being signatory, to the       UNCT has initiated action to
national efforts to           the UNCT, especially UNDP and               Millennium Declaration have agreed with       institutionalize MDGs, as the basis
achieve the MDGs              UNICEF, to sensitize                        UNCT to use MDGs as benchmarks for the        to determine progress within the
                              Government counterparts on                  United Nations Systems Cooperation in DPR     context of CCA/UNDAF process.
*Joint advocacy,              MDGs and the need for score                 Korea.                                        Appropriate thematic working
communication                 keeping within the context of the                                                         groups to address the critical
activities and                CCA preparation process.                                                                  MDG areas were established for
campaigning                                                                                                             CCA preparation process. Similar
                                                                                                                        working groups will be formed
                                                                                                                        UNDAF process.


*Monitoring and               No specific measures were                   -                                             Within the context of humanitarian
reporting                     reflected.                                                                                assistance various thematic
                                                                                                                        groups (such as food aid, water
                                                                                                                        and environmental sanitation,
                                                                                                                        health and agriculture and the
                                                                                                                        respective lead agencies such as
                                                                                                                        WFP, UNICEF, and WHO
                                                                                                                        maintain data with respect to the
                                                                                                                        relevant indicators of the MDGs.
                                                                                                                        They however, do not record data
                                                                                                                        for MDG score keeping purposes.




          2
              Results reported refer to ongoing activities by the UN in 2002 and 2003.



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                                                   OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA


Coordination                 Expected Results as stated in    Actual Results achieved (please be specific   Cooperation strategies (joint   Lessons learned and good
objectives                   previous work plan (for 2003).   e.g. policy changes implemented, numbers,     programmes, partnerships,       practices.
                                                              percent/proportion of people reached, cost    inter-agency theme groups)
                                                              and resource savings, application of
                                                              training).
*Operational support         -                                Joint preparations for the UNDAF by the       -                               -
focusing on strategic                                         UNCT and Government are expected in 2004.
priorities outlined in the
UNDAF (Please state
relevant MDG and
cross-cutting theme –
eg human rights,
gender, disaster
management, peace-
building and recovery).




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                                               OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA


Coordination             Expected Results as stated in    Actual Results achieved (please be specific         Cooperation strategies (joint      Lessons learned and good
objectives               previous work plan (for 2003).   e.g. policy changes implemented, numbers,           programmes, partnerships,          practices.
                                                          percent/proportion of people reached, cost          inter-agency theme groups)
                                                          and resource savings, application of
                                                          training).
*Eradicate poverty and   Reduction of hunger was one of   A nutritional safety net has been provided to       fao – Chair of Agriculture Theme   AREP’s experience has
hunger                   the primary objectives of the    more than 5 million vulnerable people (as           Group                              demonstrated the need for an
                         humanitarian programmes under    compared to target of 6.4 million beneficiaries)    WFP – Chair of food aid Theme      overarching cooperation
                         CAP.                             thereby maintaining and improving their             Group                              framework. As a part of this it is
                                                          nutritional status. WFP could not introduce         OCHA                               important to explore
                                                          lean season rations for the elderly and             FAO                                complementarities between
                                                          caregivers in institutions, or to resume            UNICEF                             different agencies’ projects.
                                                          distributions to secondary school children that     IFAD
                                                          were broken in May, due to pipeline difficulties    NGOs                               As resources are scarce, leverage
                                                          in the middle of the year. In the last quarter of                                      is important to be as effective as
                                                          the year, more than 2 million children in                                              possible. This can be achieved
                                                          kindergartens, primary, secondary school                                               through dissemination of
                                                          students, and pregnant and nursing women                                               information, replication of
                                                          were adversely affected by shortfalls in the                                           successes and upstream support.
                                                          cereal pipeline.
                                                                                                                                                 A wider concept of food security is
                                                          AREP has not been effective in sensitizing                                             being considered, including
                                                          various donors on the need for inputs for                                              aspects such as access to food,
                                                          agricultural rehabilitation programmes. Most                                           quality/nutrition and broader rural
                                                          assistance is provided on a humanitarian basis                                         rehabilitation.
                                                          or bilaterally. An evaluation of the UNDP’s
                                                          support to AREP revealed that further                                                  Greater insights concerning
                                                          enhancement of the AREP support services                                               access to food at household level
                                                          and expansion of its role in broader rural                                             are required to better assess the
                                                          rehabilitation would be a more relevant and                                            impact of the economic
                                                          responsive intervention towards food security                                          adjustment process on families’
                                                          and eventual eradication of hunger in the long-                                        capacities to secure their basic
                                                          term                                                                                   food needs.




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                                                   OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA


Coordination              Expected Results as stated in      Actual Results achieved (please be specific      Cooperation strategies (joint     Lessons learned and good
objectives                previous work plan (for 2003).     e.g. policy changes implemented, numbers,        programmes, partnerships,         practices.
                                                             percent/proportion of people reached, cost       inter-agency theme groups)
                                                             and resource savings, application of
                                                             training).
  *Achieve universal      No specific target was set         Improved learning environment for around         UNESCO                            There is good cooperation
  primary education                                          650,000 children thereby strengthening their     UNICEF                            amongst the agencies on this,
                                                             capacity to cope with and overcome the crisis.   WFP                               despite scarce resources.
                                                             Increased emphasis on quality improvement.       GAA
                                                             One milestone was the setting up of the
                                                             national education information system with
                                                             joint support from UNICEF and UNESCO
                                                             Beijing


*Promote gender            Main streaming gender             OCHA developed Inter-Agency Forum's            OCHA – Chair of Theme Group        OCHA developed Inter-Agency
equality and empower      considerations into the            Policy Statement for the Integration of a        All resident UN agencies          Forum's Policy Statement for the
women                     programmes and projects of the     Gender Perspective in Humanitarian               UNIFEM                            Integration of a Gender
                          various organizations in DPR       Assistance in DPRK at the sector level.          NGOs                              Perspective in Humanitarian
                          Korea                                                                                                                 Assistance in DPRK at the sector
                                                                                                              UNDP, UNIFEM and SDC              level. Based on the May 1999,
                           Promoting gender capability       Efforts have been made to gather gender                                          Inter-Agency Standing Committee
                          and empowerment of women           desegregated data, undertaking gender                                              ‘Policy Statement for the
                          through development of             sensitive studies and preparing guidelines and                                     Integration of a Gender
                          entrepreneurial capacity and       checklists for programming monitoring and                                          Perspective in Humanitarian
                          access to regional/international   capacity building in gender mainstreaming.                                         Assistance’.
                          markets through                     UNDP/UNIFEM/SDC project well underway                                             OCHA incorporated gender
                          UNDP/UNIFEM/SDC project.           and expected to serve as a model for all                                           dimensions in Development as an
                                                             business women’s cooperatives in DPR Korea.                                        integral part of the CCA
                                                                                                                                                document.
                                                                                                                                                 Much sensitization and
                                                                                                                                                advocacy work is needed in
                                                                                                                                                conveying the broad concepts of
                                                                                                                                                gender mainstreaming and
                                                                                                                                                equality to the Government
                                                                                                                                                Agencies.
*Reduce child mortality   A second UNICEF/WFP nutrition       Much was learnt about the situation and         UNICEF and WHO – Chair of       The October 2002 UNICEF/WFP
                          Survey in 2002 determined the      women, mainly from the further analysis of the   Health and Nutrition Working      Nutrition Survey enabled a better
                          progress made in connection        2002 Nutrition Survey results. Its major         Group, Coordination and           understanding and determination
                          with reducing child mortality.     findings were successfully used to advocate      Technical meetings alternating.   of the progress made with respect
                                                             for a much greater focus on malnutrition, on      UNICEF – Chair of Water and     to hunger/child mortality for
                                                             the need for investment in early childhood and   Sanitation Working Group          evidenced based planning and
                                                             for more integrated approaches to reduce child   WFP                               programming by the UN agencies




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                                     OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA


Coordination   Expected Results as stated in    Actual Results achieved (please be specific        Cooperation strategies (joint   Lessons learned and good
objectives     previous work plan (for 2003).   e.g. policy changes implemented, numbers,          programmes, partnerships,       practices.
                                                percent/proportion of people reached, cost         inter-agency theme groups)
                                                and resource savings, application of
                                                training).
                                                mortality. With UNICEF support, around             WHO                             in the future. Regular, periodic
                                                10,000 severely malnourished children were         UNFPA                           nutrition    assessments     are
                                                treated at 28 centres around the country           FAO                             warranted to properly gauge the
                                                compared to only around 5,000 in 2003. This        NGOs                            impact of food aid and other
                                                was mainly due to the improved funding for          UNICEF/WFP joint nutrition    humanitarian assistance on acute
                                                this component. 88% of health facilities           survey with Government          malnutrition    among     young
                                                received priority medicine kits on time. Almost                                    children.
                                                2 million young children (98%) in all villages
                                                received vitamin A supplementation and were
                                                dewormed twice during the National Child
                                                Health Days, boosting their immunity and
                                                contributing to improved nutritional status.
                                                Iodised salt production remained at the level of
                                                2003, meeting almost 50 % of the requirement.
                                                The WFP and UNICEF collaboration ensured
                                                that almost 1.5 million children in care
                                                nurseries and 200,000 pregnant women
                                                received essential vitamins and minerals
                                                through fortification of locally produced foods.
                                                Funding was inadequate, however, for
                                                UNICEF to provide adequate vitamins and
                                                minerals to forty biscuits for primary school
                                                children. Under-funding for essential
                                                medicines resulting in scaling back the range
                                                of items supplied to only six “very vital”
                                                medicines, mainly for child illnesses.
                                                 UNICEF/WHO/IFRC collaboration in
                                                essential drugs, water and sanitation
                                                 UNICEF/WHO collaboration in EPI for
                                                children;
                                                 WFP and non-resident NGOs coordination
                                                (Food Aid Liaison Unit).




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                                             OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA


Coordination        Expected Results as stated in        Actual Results achieved (please be specific      Cooperation strategies (joint     Lessons learned and good
objectives          previous work plan (for 2003).       e.g. policy changes implemented, numbers,        programmes, partnerships,         practices.
                                                         percent/proportion of people reached, cost       inter-agency theme groups)
                                                         and resource savings, application of
                                                         training).
*Improve maternal   UNFPA/WHO in Reproductive            UNFPA made a Reproductive Health Survey in       UNICEF                            Reproductive Health h Survey:
health              Health bridging activities in 2004   the three selected provinces                     WFP                                new useful data like neonatal
                    and continue with the linkage of      UNFPA produced and printed out Protocol        WHO                                more accountability
                    UNFPA/UNICEF maternal health         guidelines in Reproductive Health adopted by     UNFPA: chair of Maternal Health    good cooperation with DPRK
                    projects.                            MoPH as National guidelines.                     working group                     agencies.
                    WFP targeted food aid to              UNFPA/WHO: Bridging activities 2004:
                    nursing and expectant women.         improving reproductive health status in the                                        Harmonization of the services
                                                         selected provinces.                                                                provided, the equipments and
                                                          UNFPA/WHO/UNICEF and IFRC :                                                      drugs as well as the trainings
                                                         interagency working group in Maternal Health                                       among UN agencies, IFRC, ADRA
                                                         since October 2004: working in the                                                 and Concern
                                                         harmonization of services provided in the
                                                         different levels of Health, equipment, drugs
                                                         and trainings among all the agencies
                                                          WFP/UNICEF local production of blended
                                                         food and high energy biscuits;
                                                          UNICEF support to production of iodized
                                                         salt;
                                                          UNICEF/WHO/IFRC/UNFPA collaboration in
                                                         essential drugs, water and sanitation;
                                                          UNICEF/WHO collaboration in EPI for
                                                         children and tetanus for PNW
                                                          Low funding in first quarter resulted in
                                                         increased vulnerability of population to
                                                         avoidable morbidity and mortality due to
                                                         shortages in essential drugs, medical supplies
                                                         and equipment, training for health workers and
                                                         emergency nutrition rehabilitation. Situation
                                                         improved in the second half of the year.
                                                         Decreased vulnerability for 100,000 people to
                                                         tuberculosis through support for the DOTS
                                                         programme through the Global Fund AIDS
                                                         Tuberculosis Malaria (GFATM). Limited
                                                         assistance for reproductive health means
                                                         maternal mortality remains high. National
                                                         immunization and vitamin A supplementation
                                                         coverage is one the highest in the region.
                                                         Approximately 2.3 million children have
                                                         improved immune response decreasing their
                                                         vulnerability to common illnesses and disease

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                                               OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA


Coordination            Expected Results as stated in      Actual Results achieved (please be specific     Cooperation strategies (joint   Lessons learned and good
objectives              previous work plan (for 2003).     e.g. policy changes implemented, numbers,       programmes, partnerships,       practices.
                                                           percent/proportion of people reached, cost      inter-agency theme groups)
                                                           and resource savings, application of
                                                           training).
*Combat HIV/AIDS,       Broader awareness on HIV/AIDS       UNICEF worked with the Ministry of Public     WHO – Chair of HIV/AIDS Theme   Well functioning HIV/AIDS
malaria and other       among general population,          Health (Health Education Institute) and the     Group                           thematic group, as demonstrated
diseases                professionals and policy makers.   Grand People’s Study House, raising public      UNICEF                          by successful implementation of
                        Prevention strategies enhanced.    awareness on HIV/AIDS prevention. UNICEF        UNDP                            HIV/AIDS awareness workshops
                                                           began to work with the Ministry of Education    UNFPA                           and related activities.
                                                           on life-skill components as part of improving   NGOs
                                                           education quality
                                                            UNICEF support to production of iodized
                                                           salt.
                                                            UNICEF/WHO/IFRC/UNFPA collaboration in
                                                           essential drugs, water and sanitation.
                                                            UNICEF/WHO collaboration in EPI for
                                                           children.
                                                            WHO supported campaign against malaria
                                                           and tuberculosis.
                                                            UNFPA is producing IEC material about
                                                           HIV/AIDS for general population and
                                                           professionals.

*Ensure environmental   Advocacy for Sustainable           -UNDP/GEF supported projects for bio-           UNDP                            -Good results achieved with
sustainability          Development.                       diversity protection and Protected Area         GEF                             respect to UNDP/GEF
                                                           management plan.                                UNEP                            collaboration on biodiversity
                                                           -IFAD/UNDP/WFP supported nursery                FAO                             conservation through Protected
                                                           rehabilitation and tree planting projects.      WFP                             Area management plan.
                                                           -UNDP/UNEP supported project to enhance         IFAD                            -Progress also made with respect
                                                           Government capacity to monitor and assess                                       to monitoring and assessing
                                                           environmental conditions and trends in DPR                                      environmental conditions and
                                                           Korea.                                                                          trends, which lead to the
                                                           -UNDP/UNEP supported project to prepare a                                       preparation by the Government of
                                                           State of the Environment Report for DPR                                         the State of the Environment
                                                           Korea.                                                                          Report.
                                                                                                                                           -More efforts needed to raise
                                                                                                                                           awareness and build capacity for
                                                                                                                                           developing a National Sustainable
                                                                                                                                           Development Strategy.




                                                                                      13
                                                 OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA


Coordination             Expected Results as stated in       Actual Results achieved (please be specific       Cooperation strategies (joint   Lessons learned and good
objectives               previous work plan (for 2003).      e.g. policy changes implemented, numbers,         programmes, partnerships,       practices.
                                                             percent/proportion of people reached, cost        inter-agency theme groups)
                                                             and resource savings, application of
                                                             training).
*Develop a global        Although not explicitly                                                                                               The UNDP/Swiss Dev.
partnership for          mentioned, this is an ongoing        UNDP/Swiss Dev. Cooperation Project             Inter-Agency Forum              Cooperation Agency project is
development              aim of the UN agencies presence     “Capacity Building for Enhanced Development                                       part of an ongoing process and
                         in DPR Korea.                       Cooperation” has successfully initiated                                           has developed based on donor’s
                                                             capacity building elements, the creation of a                                     concerns, as voiced in previous
                                                             database, completion of a sector study on rural                                   Round Table Meeting, in order to
                                                             sustainable energy, and is working towards an                                     improve development cooperation
                                                             informal donor consultation and a Round Table                                     with different external actors.
                                                             Meeting.

Cross-Cutting Issues
Recovery and Peace-      No specific target was set          UNDP’s Capacity Building for Disarmament          UNDP/Sida                       Successful implementation of
building (prevention                                         Initiatives project supported by Sida/Sweden is                                   several capacity building
and post conflict)                                           aimed at enhancing the capacity of                                                components involving a wide
                                                             disarmament specialists in DPR Korea through                                      array of experts, organisations
                                                             improved knowledge in the disarmament fields                                      and institutions.
                                                             and the ability to carry out analysis and make
                                                             policy recommendations.
Disaster Management      No specific target was set           Joint meetings have taken place between
                                                             UN agencies, National Red Cross Society,
                                                             International Federation of Red Cross
                                                             Societies (IFRC) and NGOs to promote
                                                             disaster preparedness measures.
                                                              All agencies collaborated under OCHA’s
                                                             leadership, in partnership with IFRC, to
                                                             coordinate response to periodic flood damage.
Human Rights             No specific target was set          The CAP Country Team examined human               CAP Country Team                Within the CAP the concept of
                                                             rights along with the Humanitarian Principles.                                    human rights is focuses on the
                                                             Improved integration of rights into CAP.                                          right to life.
PART 2
Improved country level   An integrated and more effective    Good progress towards harmonization of
coordination in:         UN country programming is           programme cycles/                                 UNDP
                         aimed at in the longer term (2004                                                     UNICEF
  Harmonization of      to 2006).                                                                             UNFPA
 UN programme
 cycles




                                                                                          14
                                                    OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA


Coordination               Expected Results as stated in      Actual Results achieved (please be specific      Cooperation strategies (joint    Lessons learned and good
objectives                 previous work plan (for 2003).     e.g. policy changes implemented, numbers,        programmes, partnerships,        practices.
                                                              percent/proportion of people reached, cost       inter-agency theme groups)
                                                              and resource savings, application of
                                                              training).
  Linkages between                                            CAP. UNCT programmes are coordinated           WFP                              The CAP instrument through the
 UN instruments and                                           through the CAP process. CAP is the main         UNICEF                           years has served as an inclusive
 national planning                                            programming tool for UNICEF and WFP.             UNFPA                            cooperation and coordination
 processes, including                                         UNDP does not participate in the CAP, either     WHO                              framework for many of the
 PRSPs, and UNCT                                              at the project level or the formulation of the   FAO                              partners active in DPR Korea.
 support to them.                                             humanitarian strategy.                           UNESCO
                                                                                                               NGOs
  Preparation of          -                                  Joint preparations for the UNDAF by the          -                                -
 UNDAF                                                        UNCT and Government is expected in 2004.

Increasingly
collaborative, efficient
and cost-effective
coordination                                                  WFP provides office accommodation and            Operation’s Managers meetings    Close interaction and good
                                                              administration for OCHA and FAO                                                   cooperation between UN
 Common Premises                                             UNDP provides office accommodation and                                            agencies.
                                                              administration for UNFPA.
 Common Services          Maintaining an acceptable                                                            UN Country Team:               Cooperative initiative with donor
(please include service    degree of internal/international    Coordinating purchases and sharing             Operations Working Group –       Embassies, for the establishment
provider and users,        communications and services        information concerning suppliers, resulting in   Chair UNDP                       of a clinic for international staff in
and specific               during emergencies, despite        bulking of orders, increased efficiency and       Procurement Working Group –    DPR Korea, staffed with UNV
cost/resource savings      restrictions.                      reduced prices and costs.                        rotating Chair                   doctor.
for each)                                                      Cost sharing of UNV doctor and basic            UN Medical Board
                                                              medical supplies.                                 WFP generator No.1 for all     VSAT cooperation, including the
                                                               Power supply for staff accommodation and       agencies staff accommodation     free provision of internet
                                                              offices                                           WFP generator No.2 shared      connected terminals to UN
                                                               UNCT procured two mutually supporting          between WFP and UNDP offices     agencies, NGOs and Donors.
                                                              VSAT systems for UN agencies. WFP installed       VSTA systems are expected to
                                                              VSAT December 2002 (OCHA & WFP).                 be connected in 2004




                                                                                          15
                                               OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA


Coordination             Expected Results as stated in    Actual Results achieved (please be specific    Cooperation strategies (joint    Lessons learned and good
objectives               previous work plan (for 2003).   e.g. policy changes implemented, numbers,      programmes, partnerships,        practices.
                                                          percent/proportion of people reached, cost     inter-agency theme groups)
                                                          and resource savings, application of
                                                          training).
 Harmonization/simpli                                     Harmonization of leave policies not yet       Operation managers regularly   Whilst harmonization of SSA
fication measures eg                                      achieved. WFP has R&R, where as UN             meet to discuss harmonization    scales is positive, the overall SSA
personnel policies;                                       Agencies have Procurement Travel. OCHA         and simplification measures      remuneration is considered low
programme                                                 has ORB.                                                                        and not appropriate for long-tern
preparation and                                            Agreed common SSA salary scales between                                       staff currently employed on SSA .
implementation;                                           agencies.
financial procedures.

Strengthened
coordination capacity
in UN coordination
system
 Staffing of RCS                                                                                        OCHA
Support Unit                                                 RC Office not strengthened. RC relies on
 UNCT Training                                               OCHA for most RC support functions.        UNDP, UNICEF, WFP, WHO,
                                                             UNCT training has not taken place.         UNFPA.




                                                                                     16
                                       OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA




                                               2004 Workplan for the UN Coordination System
                                                               in DPR Korea

Coordination objectives          Outcomes to be      Planned            Cooperation         Timeframe       Responsibil     Funds required to achieve
                                 achieved in         activities to      strategies (joint                   ity (RC,        outcomes
                                 2004                reach              programmes,                         UNCT,           (in US $)
                                                     outcomes           partnerships,                       Theme
                                                                        inter-agency                        Group)
                                                                        theme groups)                                            SRC and   UN              Other
                                                                                                                                 UNCCF     agencies
PART 1: Please note that in completing Part 1 – “Improved support to national efforts to achieve the MDGs”- UNCTs are asked to provide the general outcomes or
results that they expect to achieve collectively by the end of year, and the activities they intend to undertake to achieve their common goals. Specific operational
programming activities of UN agencies related to the MDGs need not be included.
Improved support to national
efforts to achieve the MDGs

        Joint advocacy,          2005 CAP           UNCT              Inter-Agency       August (3         UNCT       20,000
         communication                               Retreat            Theme Groups:       days)
         activities and           Preparations       CAP              Agriculture, Food    July (5           UNCT                    5000
         campaigning             for UNDAF           Workshop           Aid, Water and      days)
        Monitoring and                               UNCT MDG         Environmental        August to         UNCT       50,000
         reporting                                   Training           Sanitation, and     November
        Operational support                          High level       Gender.              July to
         –focusing on                                UNDP UNDAF                             December
         strategic priorities                        Mission
         outlined in the                                                                    (approx
         UNDAF (Please                                                                      dates only)
         state relevant MDG
         and cross-cutting
         theme –eg human
         rights, gender,
         disaster
         management,
         peace-building and
         recovery)



PART 2




                                                                                17
                                      OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA


Coordination objectives         Outcomes to be       Planned             Cooperation         Timeframe     Responsibil   Funds required to achieve
                                achieved in          activities to       strategies (joint                 ity (RC,      outcomes
                                2004                 reach               programmes,                       UNCT,         (in US $)
                                                     outcomes            partnerships,                     Theme
                                                                         inter-agency                      Group)
                                                                         theme groups)                                   SRC and    UN           Other
                                                                                                                         UNCCF      agencies
Improved country level
coordination in:

  Linkages of UN                  2005 CAP             UNCT           Inter-Agency
 instruments with national                                Retreat        Theme Groups:
 planning processes, and                                 CAP            Maternal Health
 UNCT support to them.                                    Workshop       Agriculture, food
  Preparations for UNDAF                                                Aid, Water and
                                                                         Environmental
                                                                         Sanitation, and
                                   UNDAF                                Gender.                                         50,000     50,000
                                preparations

Increasingly collaborative,
efficient and cost-effective
coordination

        Common Premises         Maintain HDRC       Additional         Inter-Agency       March to
                                website              staffing in         collaboration on    December
                                (Humanitarian        OCHA Office         intranet site.
                                Development
        Common Services        Resource                                                                                            50,000
                                Centre)

        Harmonization/simpli                                             Inter-Agency                                  12,000
         fication measures.      Common              Installation of   Procurement
                                satellite            mutually            Working Group
                                communication        supporting          (chaired by WFP)
                                systems              VSAT
                                                     systems.

Strengthened coordination
capacity in UN coordination
system

        Staffing of RCS         Additional staff    Obtain                                 September      UNDP      -          72,600




                                                                                 18
                                   OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA


Coordination objectives      Outcomes to be     Planned         Cooperation         Timeframe   Responsibil   Funds required to achieve
                             achieved in        activities to   strategies (joint               ity (RC,      outcomes
                             2004               reach           programmes,                     UNCT,         (in US $)
                                                outcomes        partnerships,                   Theme
                                                                inter-agency                    Group)
                                                                theme groups)                                 SRC and    UN            Other
                                                                                                              UNCCF      agencies
        Support Unit         in RCS Support     Government                                      and OCHA                 (OCHA)
       UNCT Training        Unit               approval for
       Other requirements    Additional       post.                                                                    10,000
        (please specify)     staffing in OCHA                                                                            staffing RC
                             Office.

                                                                TOTAL in US $                                 132,000    187,600




                                                                        19
                                         OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA


                                             Report on the Utilization of Funds allocated to support coordination functions
                                                                       in DPR Korea in 2003


Coordination objectives            Activities          Outcomes                                               Expenditures (in US $)
                                   undertaken in       achieved in
                                   2003                2003                        SRC and UNCCF Funds                        UN         Govt.         Donor
                                                                                                                              agencies
                                                                                                                              3

                                                                         Allotment     Expenditures       Undisbursed
                                                                                                          commitments
                                                                                                          4

Improved support to
national efforts to achieve
the MDGs

 Joint advocacy,
communication activities                                                 5000          3,748              1,252
and campaigning
 Monitoring and
reporting
 Operational support –
focusing on strategic
priorities outlined in the
UNDAF (Please state
relevant MDG and cross-
cutting theme –eg human
rights, gender, disaster
management, peace-
building and recovery)




Improved country level
coordination in:

3
    Please indicate the amount received and name(s) of agency(ies)
4
    Please provide separately details on type of commitment, date of signature of contract or P.O. and date(s) when payment(s) will have to be made.



                                                                                  20
                               OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA




  Harmonization of UN
 programme cycles                                 10,000        5,188     4,812
  Linkages of UN
 instruments with national
 planning processes
 including PRSP and
 UNCT support to them.
  Preparation of CCA
  Preparation of UNDAF

                                                  30,000        20,160    9,840


Increasingly collaborative,
efficient and cost-effective
coordination

       Common
        Premises
       Common Services
       Harmonization/sim
        plification
        measures.

Strengthened coordination
capacity in UN
coordination system

       Staffing of RCS
        Support Unit                              10,000        6,967     3,033
       UNCT Training
       Other
        requirements
        (please specify)                          43,128        1,778     41,350

TOTAL in US $                                     98,128        37,8411   60,287




                                                           21
                              OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA




ANNEX 5:

Composition of the United Nations System Country Team (as at 31 December 2003)


UN Resident Coordinator/UNDP Resident Representative: Mr. Masood Hyder


Funds, Programmes and Agencies represented:   Name and title of representatives:


(a)   Based in the country:
      UNDP                       Mr. Masood Hyder, UNDP Resident Representative
      UNICEF                     Mr. Pierrette Vu Thi, UNICEF Representative
      WFP                        Mr. Masood Hyder, WFP Representative
      UNFPA                      Mr. Masood Hyder, UNFPA Representative
      WHO                        Dr. Eigil Sorensen, WHO Representative
      OCHA                       Mr. Masood Hyder, UN Humanitarian Coordinator
                                 Mr. Brendan McDonald, Head of Office
      FAO                        Mr. Michael Stapleton, FAO Programme Coordinator

(b)   Outside the country:


      FAO                        Mr. Gamal Mohamed Ahmed, FAO Representative to China, DPR Korea and Mongolia.
      UNFPA                      Ms. Siri Tellier, UNFPA Country Director (resident in Beijing)
      UNESCO                     Mr. Yasuyuki Aoshima, UNESCO Representative to China, Mongolia and DPR Korea
      UNIDO Representative       Mr. Sergio M. Miranda-da-Cruz, UNIDO Representative




                                                           22
                                OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA


(c)    Composition and Theme Groups and/or Inter-Agency Forum Working Groups

Coordination is primarily undertaken through the Inter-Agency Forum. The forum, which is chaired by the Resident
Coordinator/Humanitarian Coordinator, is participatory and inclusive. A standing invitation exists for UN Agencies, IFRC, NGOs,
Donors and Donor representatives to attend and participate. The OCHA Office is the secretariat for the Inter-Agency Forum. The
following working groups report to the Inter-Agency Forum

 Humanitarian and Development Working Group. The HDWG is the strategy-setting body for humanitarian and rehabilitation
programmes in DPRK. This is achieved by linking the humanitarian strategy in the Consolidated Appeals Process within a wider
framework of transition from humanitarian assistance to development. Currently the chair of the HDWG resides with the RC/HC. In
2003 the HDWG only met on a few occasions.

 Procurement Working Group. The Procurement Working Group meets on a quarterly basis to share information on procurement
within the region. The chair of the Procurement Working Group is on a rotating basis.


 Gender Working Group. The Gender Working Group supports the mainstreaming of gender considerations into the programmes
and projects of the various organisations working in DPR Korea. Currently the chair of the Gender Working Group resides with
OCHA. Membership includes OCHA (Chair), WFP, UNICEF, UNDP, WHO, UNFPA, NGOs

 HIV/AIDS Working Group: Membership: WHO (Chair), UNICEF, UNDP, UNFPA, WFP, International Federation of Red Cross.

 Sector and Working Groups. Each sector-working group normally undertakes the following activities: monitor the implementation
of the CHAP, coordinate activities within the sector, resolve sector technical issues and produce technical policy as required. The
responsibility for the sector-working group’s agenda resides with the chair. The following sector-working groups are currently
operating:

           o   Agriculture: Membership: FAO (Chair), WFP, UNDP, GAA, Campus fuer Christus, Concern Worldwide, PMU Interlife,
               Triangle G.H.

           o   Health and Nutrition: Membership: UNICEF (Chair), WHO, IFRC, Italian Development Cooperation, UNFPA, ADRA,
               Handicap International, Premiere Urgence. Note: WHO chairs monthly Technical Meetings, which are apart of the
               working group.

           o   Water and Sanitation: Membership: UNICEF (Chair), IFRC, GAA, Concern Worldwide, Triangle G.H., CESVI,



                                                                 23
                   OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA




o   Food Aid/Security: Membership: WFP (Chair), FAO, UNICEF, ADRA, GAA




                                                24
              OFFICE OF THE UN RESIDENT CO-ORDINATOR IN DPR KOREA




                             HUMANITARIAN COORDINATOR /
                                     RESIDENT
                                   COORDINATOR



                   UN COUNTRY TEAM




                                               UNOCHA




                                                Secretariat
               UNICEF
UN AGENCIES




                                                              Non-Resident
                WHO




                                                                             Limited Sharing of programme information with OCHA
                                                                Bilateral
                                                                Donors
                                       INTER-AGENCY
                                       FORUM
                FAO

                                            {Forum for
                                          coordination of
               UNFPA                     humanitarian and        IFRC
                                        development action
                                          and information
                                         sharing. Working
                                         Groups feed into
                UNDP
                                              forum}
                                                                Resident
                                                                Bilateral
                                                                Donors
                                                              (SDC, ITDCO,
                WFP
                                                               ECHO, EU)
                                                                               Humanitarian Activity not coordinate with Forum




                 Food Aid      Non-            Resident       Non-
                 Liaison       Resident        NGOs           Resident
                 Unit          NGOs                           NGOs
                 (Non-         (Working                       (Not working
                 Resident      within CAP)                    within CAP)
                 NGOs)




                                         25

                   NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS

				
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