September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 Bluetooth® Wireless Technology Overview Date: 2007-09-19 Authors: Name Company Address Phone email John R. Barr Motorola, Inc. 1303 E. Alg onquin 847-962-5407 John. Barr@Motorola.com Road, Schaumburg, IL 60196 USA Notice: This document has been prepared to assist IEEE 802.11. It is offered as a basis for discussion and is not binding on the contributing individual(s) or organization(s). The material in this document is subject to change in form and content after further study. The contributor(s) reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein. 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If you have questions, contact the IEEE Patent Committee Administrator at <email@example.com>. Submission Slide 1 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 Abstract Overview of Bluetooth wireless technology, the Bluetooth SIG, and relationship to IEEE 802.11 specifications and their use with Bluetooth enabled products. Presented for the purpose of increasing awareness of Bluetooth SIG activities related to co- existence and use of IEEE 802.11 wireless technology in cooperation with Bluetooth wireless technology. The Bluetooth® word mark is a registered trademark owned by the Bluetooth SIG, Inc. Submission Slide 2 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 Bluetooth SIG, Inc. • Seven Promoter Member Companies: – Ericsson, Intel, Lenovo, Microsoft, Motorola, Nokia, Toshiba • Owners of Bluetooth Specification Copyright • 285+ Associate Member Companies – Allowed to contribute to specification development – Early access to draft specifications – Favorable rates for design/product qualification – Membership fee based on company size ($7.5 - $35K) • 9,000+ Adopter Member Companies – Allowed to create and qualify designs/products – Do not pay any member ship fees • Any company incorporating Bluetooth wireless technology into products, using the technology to offer goods and services or simply rebranding a product with Bluetooth wireless technology must become a member of the Bluetooth SIG. Submission Slide 3 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 BLUETOOTH SIG OVERVIEW • Approximately 30 staff members • Offices in Bellevue, Malmo and Hong Kong • Key Functions: M embership Totals – Publish Specifications 10000 – Qualification Program 9000 – Promote the Technology 8000 7000 • 9000+ Total Members 6000 5000 – 58% increase in past 12 months 4000 • Bluetooth.org (members) 3000 2000 • Bluetooth.com (industry) 1000 0 Membership Growth 11 11 1 11 10 10 10 0 0 r-1 r-1 -1 n- g- b- c- n- g- ct Ap Ap Ju Au Fe De Ju Au O Submission Slide 4 21-May-12 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. 4 September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 Specifications • All adopted Bluetooth specifications are publicly available on Bluetooth.com: – http://bluetooth.com/Bluetooth/Learn/Technology/Specifications/D efault.htm • Latest specification (Core Specification v2.1 + EDR): – Secure Simple Pairing – Enhanced Power Optimization – Improved Security • Next specification (2Q08) will include ability to utilize additional radio technologies to enable high speed Bluetooth applications. Submission Slide 5 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 History • Founded in September 1998 by five companies • Bluetooth 1.0 specification released in 1999 (Nine promoters) • COMDEX “Best of Show Technology Award” in 1999 • 2000: First mobile phone, PC Card and headset products, and prototypes of mouse, laptop and USB dongle. • 2001: Printer, laptop, hands-free car kit • 2002: Keyboard and Mouse, GPS receiver, digital camera • IEEE 802.15.1-2002 based on Bluetooth 1.0b specification • 2003: MP3 player, FDA-approved medical system (1M/week) • 2004: Stereo headphones, 2.0 + EDR, 250 million devices (3M/week) • 2005: Sunglasses (5M/week) • IEEE 802.15.1-2005 based on Bluetooth 1.2 specification • 2006: Watch, picture frame, alarm-clock radio (10M/week) • 2007: Television, 9,000th member, 2.1 + EDR, here at IEEE 802.11 meeting Submission Slide 6 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 Bluetooth Market • Installed base of Bluetooth enabled products reached 1 Billion devices in November of 2006. • Every week, 13 million Bluetooth units are shipped. (~675 million per year or 21 every second) • Every working day, more than five new Bluetooth enabled products are qualified. (~1300 per year) • Broad surveys have shown that the Bluetooth brand is recognized by more than 75% of respondents world- wide. (Millward Brown internet survey for Bluetooth SIG: Bluetooth.org) Submission Slide 7 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 Bluetooth Qualification Program • Bluetooth Qualification requires certain testing standards for all designs and products which use the Bluetooth wireless technology. • Qualification is a necessary pre-condition of the intellectual property license for the Bluetooth wireless technology. • Qualification is also a necessary prerequisite in order to apply the Bluetooth trademark to a design or product. • Bluetooth Profile Tuning Suite has been developed as a reference test system to ensure Bluetooth interoperability. Submission Slide 8 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 The Bluetooth Wireless Experience: • Replaces cables connecting portable and/or fixed devices while maintaining high levels of security, • Robust, low power, low cost solution, • Any Bluetooth enabled device, almost everywhere in the world, can connect to other Bluetooth enabled devices in proximity, • Bluetooth enabled devices with common profiles work together to provide a uniform user experience. HEADSET PRINTING TRANSFER MUSIC HID • http://bluetooth.com/Bluetooth/Press/SIG/Bluetooth_SIG_LAUNCHES_NEW_PROGRAM_FOR_ENHANCED_VISIBILITY _OF_IBLUETOOTHI_FUNCTIONALITY.htm Submission Slide 9 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 Consumer Electronics 2B 1.5B ~1B More 820M In 2006 190M 100+M 50M Source; June 2006 IN Submission Slide 10 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 Billions of Bluetooth-enabled Devices •Motorola expects that over 75% of our mobile phone production will include Bluetooth by 2007. Bluetooth- enabled Device 2000 1800 1600 1400 1200 Other 1000 Headsets 800 Handsets 600 400 200 0 2005 2008 2011 Source IMS Sept. 2006 Submission Slide 11 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 Bluetooth Mobile Handset Use Cases • Headset and Hands Free Operation in Vehicles • Synchronization of Personal Information • Remote Access Link for PCs • Moving Digital Images, Video Clips, and Music • Streaming Music to Other Devices • Printing of Digital Images • Remote Control of Other Devices • Integration with DLNA/UPnP Submission Slide 12 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 Future of Bluetooth Wireless Technology • Expect to ship 2 Billion devices in 2011 – Ultra Low Power devices – Suitability for high speed applications for digital imaging, music, and video transfer – Improved interoperability – Bluetooth Wireless Experience • Bluetooth Alternate MAC/PHY Approach – Bluetooth link used to discover peer device, authenticate, discover capabilities (e.g., 802.11), and initiate operation – 802.11 link enabled and used when higher performance required – 802.11 link idled when operation completed Submission Slide 13 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 GENERIC ALT MAC/PHY ARCHITECTURE • The AMP architecture modifies the Profile X Profile Y Profile Z standard Bluetooth architecture by enabling multiple alternate radios Application/Profile Management Entity under L2CAP Control L2CAP AMP Mgr – Discovery, connection set up and low Sync SAP SAP SDP SAP L2CAP SAP AMP SAP SAP power connections still use the 2.4GHz radio AMP Mgr L2CAP – The new AMPs are used as high speed Channel SDP L2CAP SDP Channel channels Sync L2CAP Traffic Control AMP (SCO, Control Manager ESCO) User Traffic Functions Multi-radio selection/routing HCI HCI HCI HCI PAL PAL PAL 2.4 GHz Submission Slide 14 LM, BB, AMP1 AMP ….. AMPN John R.2 Barr, Motorola, Inc. Radio21-May-12 14 September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 802.11 Alternate MAC/PHY (AMP) • Bluetooth/802.11 combo chips on the market • Both technologies in the mobile device – Bluetooth in ~50% of mobile phones (500M in 2007) – 802.11 only in 20M mobile phones in 2007 • Leverage 802.11 in AMP • Enable high-speed use cases • Create market that will increase Bluetooth+802.11 in mobile devices to more than 50% of TAM by 2010 (~600M devices) – Bluetooth market 1B/year by 2009 – Current 802.11 market projection only 500M/year by 2009 – Linkage with Bluetooth could double 802.11 market by 2010 Submission Slide 15 21-May-12 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. 15 September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 Synchronization with 802.11 AP • Example Internet Synchronization (wired) Use Case – Mobile phone 802.11 802.11 discovers PC using AP Connection Bluetooth technology (VOIP) and sets up an 802.11 MAC/PHY 802.11 Connection connection for a high (Web access) speed Bluetooth 802.11 synchronization Connection application Submission Slide 16 21-May-12 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. 16 September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 Synchronization with 802.11 AP • Example Internet Synchronization (wired) Use Case – Mobile phone 802.11 discovers PC using AP Bluetooth technology and sets up an 802.11 MAC/PHY 802.11 Connection connection for a high (Web access) speed Bluetooth Connection synchronization application 802.11 Connection Submission Slide 17 21-May-12 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. 17 September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 Synchronization without 802.11 AP • Example Synchronization Use Case Bluetooth Connection – Mobile phone discovers PC using Bluetooth technology and sets up an 802.11 MAC/PHY 802.11 Connection connection for a high speed synchronization application Submission Slide 18 21-May-12 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. 18 September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 POTENTIAL COLLABORATION AREAS • Liaisons have been identified (IEEE 802.11 and WFA) • Evaluate common use cases and market requirements • Ensure reasonable levels of coexistence • Identify areas where improvements to 802.11 standards are desired Submission Slide 19 21-May-12 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc. 19 September 2007 doc.: IEEE 802.11-07/2361r0 References • http://bluetooth.com/Bluetooth/Learn/Technology/Spec ifications/Default.htm Submission Slide 20 John R. Barr, Motorola, Inc.
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