footnote count by liarload

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									Although older, the word holistic is much less wieldy than words like complimentary, integrative, or even wholistic. Used broadly, the word mystic encompasses religion, the paranormal, the supernatural, New Age beliefs, and so on.
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* Derived from the Greek “skeptesthai,” meaning, “to examine,” the skeptic objectively examines claims. Used throughout this work, the phrase “delusion-free,” as in a delusion-free society, simply describes a society free from false beliefs.

* Distinct from electrically powered magnets, and the giant magnets used in MRI machines, the application of low frequency, static magnets (often recommended by holistic practitioners to treat chronic fatigue, the pain of arthritis, and so on) is said to expose the body to therapeutic “magnetic energy." In reality, such static magnets have no significant physiological effect, working only as a placebo. Too weak for their fields to penetrate the skin, magnetic straps, insoles, mattresses, and other magnet therapy products are trendy nonetheless. And if magnetic fields could treat disease, MRI technicians, who work around immense fields, would be in remarkable condition (they are no healthier than the general population). ** Aromatherapy is the remedial application of a plant’s essential oils. Like a walk in a flower garden, pleasant scents, whether added to bathwater, sprayed on garments, or applied during massage, can be relaxing, but not much else. Even so, the claims made by aromatherapists (that certain aromas can cure AIDS, boost the immune system, and so on) are fraudulent. Aromas are not medicines, and cannot restore a sick person to health. Also, when breathing in essential oils, people who are allergic to them are at risk. ***Many holistic healers believe that crystal healing works through “vibrational energy.” Using the “proper crystals,” the imagined energy system of the body is harmonized. Many of us are familiar the placebo—from the Latin “I shall please/.” The placebo is an inert therapy that works because we believe. Like a capsule full of sawdust, the placebo eases our symptoms only because we expect it to (“You came looking for help, and I shall please. Take this”).
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The practitioner of Therapeutic Touch believes that, by waving their hands over the body of a recipient, they can harmonized their “life force”, and induce health. A prime example of the placebo effect, the practitioner maintains that we have an aura, or energy sphere, which surrounds the body, and it is influenced by Therapeutic Touch.
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Neuropharmacological Dissection of Placebo Analgesia: Expectation-Activated Opioid Systems versus Conditioning-Activated Specific Subsystems. Journal of Neuroscience, January 1, 1999, 19(1):484-494
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The Free Radical Theory of Aging Matures. Kenneth Beckman, Bruce Ames. Physiol. Rev. 78: 547-581, 1998; 0031-9333/98
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Dietary Pesticides (99.99% All Natural). BN Ames, M Profet, LS Gold - Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 1990

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Annals of epidemiology, 2005, vol. 15, no4, pp. 279-285

Carl K. Winter, Sarah F. Davis (2006), Organic Foods. Journal of Food Science 71 (9), R117–R124. doi:10.1111/j.17503841.2006.00196.x
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In the hours after taking dietary supplements, many people loosen their eating standards, justifying it in the spirit of, “Well, I took my vitamins.”
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In defending healthy cells, many culinary herbs are superior to the herbs that people believe to have medicinal properties.
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Copper, b-Amyloid, and Alzheimer's Disease: Tapping a Sensitive Connection. Ashley I. Bush, Colin L. Masters, Rudolph E. Tanzi. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 100, No. 20 (Sep. 30, 2003), pp. 11193-11194
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Huke: a person so horrendous, they make us want to puke.

* Iridology, a discredited diagnostic method in which fibers of the iris are examined, purports to identify health problems. Not to be confused with legitimate kinesiology, the study of human movement, muscle testing or applied kinesiology is yet another in the long line of discredited diagnostic methods. Typically, the person to be muscle tested stretches out an arm, and points to a body area, such as the liver, or has a substance placed under their tongue. Then, as a practitioner applies force to the arm, the subject is told to resist. Strong resistance implies health, while weak resistance implies a problem with that body area, or that the substance is unfavorable.
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“Years of intensive study have failed to establish the exposure in home, school, or office environments as the cause of adverse human health effects.”
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Adverse Human Health Effects Associated with Molds in the Indoor Environment. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine. 45(5):470-478, May 2003. WorldWildLife.org, Wildlife Trade, Traditional Chinese Medicine
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Acupuncture. NIH Consensus Statement, November 3-5, 1997.

Traditional Medicine and Pseudoscience in China: Traditional Medicine and Pseudoscience in China: A Report of the First and Second CSICOP Delegations. Skeptical Inquirer magazine : July/August 1997
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Crelin E. A Scientific Test of Chiropractic’s Subluxation Theory. American Scientist 61:574-580, 1973. See Chirobase.org

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Minimal processing for healthy traditional foods. Research Group on Quality, Safety and Bioactivity of Plant Foods. Trends in Food Science & Technology, Volume 17, Issue 9, September 2006, Pages 513-519
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An alcoholic drink is defined as 1.5 ounces of hard liquor, 12 ounces of beer, or five ounces of wine.

* In biology, free radicals are byproducts of oxidation. These highly reactive organic compounds play roles necessary for life, but can also take part in damaging chemical reactions during metabolism. Effect of Natural Volatile Compounds on Antioxidant Capacity and Antioxidant Enzymes in Raspberries. Postharvest Biology and Technology. 40:106-115, 2006
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Berry Phenolics and Their Antioxidant Activity, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2001 Antioxidant-rich diets improve cerebellar physiology and motor learning in aged rats. Brain research 2000, vol. 866, no1-2, pp. 211-217
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Kiwifruit Protects Against Oxidative DNA Damage in Human Cells and In Vitro, Nutrition and Cancer, 2001 Chemical Constituents and Antioxidant Activity of Sweet Cherry at Different Ripening Stages, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53 (7), 2741 -2745, 2005. 10.1021/jf0479160 S0021-8561(04)07916-6
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The positive effects of vitamins are seen only in the deficient, or those with specific ailments. In fact, significant negative effects of vitamins are seen in healthy people if taken over time. Polyphenols in Chocolate, Which Have Antioxidant Activity, Modulate Immune Functions in Humans in Vitro, Cellular Immunology, Volume 177, Number 2, May 1997, pp. 129-136(8)
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Nuts and their bioactive constituents: effects on serum lipids and other factors that affect disease risk, Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Sep; 70 (3 Suppl): 504S-511S.
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Relationship between milk intake and mucus production in adult volunteers challenged with rhinovirus-2. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1990 Feb;141(2):352-6.
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Antioxidant Activity and Phenolic Compounds in Selected Herbs. Wei Zheng and Shiow Y. Wang. J Agric Food Chem, 2001
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Caffeine, coffee and health. J Gray - Nutrition & Food Science, 1998 UC Berkeley Wellness Letter, September 1999

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Effects of Long-term Vitamin E Supplementation on Cardiovascular Events and Cancer. JAMA. 2005;293:13381347
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ConsumerLab.com, July 16, 2002

Vitamin A and Birth Defects—Continuing Caution is Needed. New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 333:1414-1415
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The Dark Side of Linus Pauling's Legacy. Stephen Barrett, M.D. Quackwatch.com Mortality in Randomized Trials of Antioxidant Supplements. JAMA.2007; 297: 842-857.

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*Emotional Intelligence - How Well Do We Know Ourselves and How We Relate to Others? Healthcare Quarterly, 6(1) 2002: 36-41

*Dietary fibre, complex carbohydrate and coronary artery disease. Can J Cardiol. 1995 Oct;11 Suppl G:55G62G.
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University of Maryland Medical Center, 2007.

Effects of Sugar on Aggressive and Inattentive Behavior in Children With Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity and Normal Children. PEDIATRICS Vol. 88 No. 5 November 1991, pp. 960-966
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Binge eating and eating attitudes among Nazi concentration camp survivors. Department of Neurological and Psychiatric Sciences at the University of Padova, Padova, Italy
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Predictors of weight maintenance. Obes Res. 1999 Jan; 7(1): 43-50.

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Exercise and the Placebo Effect. Psychological Science, Harvard Univ., Feb. 2007.
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Controlled trial of physical training in chronic heart failure. Circulation, Vol 85, 2119-2131, 1992

While lying on back, create support for the movement by placing both fists together, and under the buttocks. Lift the legs a few feet in the air to the starting point, and thrust them straight up (not back!) while exhaling. Then, lower legs to starting point while inhaling. Repeat.
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Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 1999;31:456-462.

Stretching during Warm-Up: Do We Have Enough Evidence? Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, Vol. 70, 1999
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A randomized trial of preexercise stretching for prevention of lower-limb injury. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 32(2): 271, February 2000. Monitoring training in athletes with reference to overtraining syndrome. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 30(7): 1164-1168, July 1998.
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Fitness Walking, Therese Iknoian, Human Kinetics Publishers; 2nd edition (April 2005)

The Relationship Between Reasons for Activity and Older Adult Well-Being. The Journal of Applied Gerontology, vol. 18(3) pp. 325-340
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Michigan State University, March 11, 2007

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* Nature Neuroscience, Mapping cortical change across the human life span, 2003 * Exercise Enhances and Protects Brain Function. Exercise & Sport Sciences Reviews. Cotman, Carl W.; Engesser-Cesar, Christie 30(2):75-79, April 2002. Are Vacations Good for Your Health? The 9-Year Mortality Experience After the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial. Psychosomatic Medicine 62:608-612 (2000)
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Sunlight and vitamin D for bone health and prevention of autoimmune diseases, cancers, and cardiovascular disease. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 80, No. 6, 1678S-1688S, December 2004
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Ways of stopping ruminative thoughts. Obsessive ruminations: a controlled trial of thought-stopping technique. RS Stern, MS Lipsedge, IM Marks - Behav Res Ther, 1973
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The Mixed Blessings of Material Progress: Diminishing Returns in the Pursuit of Happiness. R Eckersley Journal of Happiness Studies, 2000.
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Psychosocial factors in carcinogenesis: on the problem of the so-called cancer-prone personality. Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol. 1993 Jan;43(1):1-9. ** Cell Phone Use Not Linked to Cancer Risk. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2006 98(23):1671; doi:10.1093/jnci/djj513 *** Malignant Medical Myths. BM Hegde - Journal, Indian Academy of Clinical Medicine, 2006 medind.nic.in
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Comorbid Clinical Conditions in Chronic Fatigue. A Co-Twin Control Study. Journal of General Internal Medicine. Volume 16 Issue 1 Page 24-31, January 2001 * Throughout history, mass sociogenic illness has been responsible for a range of baffling phenomena. Things like a strange odor, a rumor, or a belief in curses, sets off mass hysteria. Difficult to distinguish from real illness, professors may not teach the subject of mass sociogenic illness sufficiently in medical school. Nonetheless, an outbreak often gets exposure in the media.
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Rumination Reconsidered: A Psychometric Analysis. Cognitive Therapy and Research, Volume 27, Number 3, June 2003, pp. 247-259(13)
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Reexamining adaptation and the set point model of happiness: Reactions to changes in marital status. AE Clark, Y Georgellis, E Diener - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2003 - Richard E. Lucas Andrew E. Clark. Michigan State University, USA Parenting Narcissus: What Are the Links Between Parenting and Narcissism? Journal of Personality 74 (2), 345– 376 2006
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Associations Between Content Types of Early Media Exposure and Subsequent Attentional Problems. Pediatrics Vol. 120 No. 5 November 2007, pp. 986-992
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Wrestling with the whirlwind: an approach to the understanding of ADD/ADHD. Journal of child psychotherapy, 1998
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Evaluating the Evidence For and Against the Overdiagnosis of ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, Vol. 11, No. 2, 106-113 (2007).
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Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience: Characterization of Empathy Deficits following Prefrontal Brain Damage: The Role of the Right Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex, April 1, 2003, Vol. 15, No. 3, Pages 324-337
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J Abnorm Psychol. 1996 Aug;105(3):440-5. Journal of Applied Psychology, November 2007

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Does Venting Anger Feed or Extinguish the Flame? Catharsis, Rumination, Distraction, Anger, and Aggressive Responding. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 28, No. 6, 724-731 (2002)
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Can biological activity be maintained at ultra-high dilution? An overview of homeopathy, evidence, and Bayesian philosophy. AK Vallance - J Altern Complement Med, 1998 ** Homeopathy: The Ultimate Fake - S Barrett - Quackwatch, updated Aug, 2001 - quackwatch.org
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Joe Nickell, Skeptical Inquirer magazine : May/June 2000 Another in the long line of spiritualist con jobs is psychic surgery, where the “surgeon” pretends to plunge their hands into people and cure their diseases (a range of diversions is used, even imitation latex thumbs). They slosh around, and innards emerge (such as chicken guts). One wipe and the patient is pronounced cured. The “surgical” site is found to be clean and free from scars. To the deluded brain, the whole process seems real. * Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Am J Psychiatry 1992; 149:936-943
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While claiming to deny religion, the communist too observes a nonexistent entity: the State. And, like religion, it exploits people's desire for something to build their lives around.
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Cleaning one’s belly button with cotton balls (or cotton-tipped applicators) lodges cotton fibers in skin folds, sometimes leading to infection.
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The Mirage of Multilevel Marketing. S Barrett - Quackwatch, revised Aug, 2001 quackwatch.org
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While Al Gore did not invent the Internet, he did more to promote it (once in the public domain) than did any politician. Nonetheless, as stated by Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., Gore has a "holistic, even mystical fervor," as did FDR's vice president, Henry Wallace, known for his weakness for gurus.
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Vaccines and Children's Health: United States 1900-98. Population and Development Review, Vol. 25, No. 2 (Jun., 1999), pp. 391-395
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Chiropractors and Vaccination: A Historical Perspective. Pediatrics Vol. 105 No. 4 April 2000, p. e43
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www.chiromed.org

Adolescent Brain Development: Vulnerabilities and Opportunities Volume 1021. June 2004. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1021: 77–85 (2004). doi: 10.1196/annals.1308.009. MRI images show that, in contrast with the mature adult brain, the region of the teenage brain involved with impulse control, foresight, and sensible thinking is dormant in youth. A better understanding of
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consequences comes only with maturity. Until then, we ought to know what happens when we forbid a teenager to do something, and at the same time, foolishly disregard the lure of forbidden fruit. Creating a Monster: Newspapers, Magazines, and America's Drug Problem. Mol Interv. 2002 Jul; 2(4):201-4
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Miller, Geoffrey F. (2001) The Mating Mind: How Sexual Choice Shaped the Evolution of Human Nature, Psycoloquy: 12, #8
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The “sweeps” are periods when television networks are put through their paces. Individual program ratings determine what advertisers are charged–high ratings mean the networks can command high returns. Any extra advertising revenue goes into production costs, salaries, and profits.
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The Association Between Professional Football Games and Domestic Violence in Los Angeles County. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 15, No. 11, 1192-1201 (2000)
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* When used as an alternative therapy, fraudulent clinics claim that intravenous chelation therapy turns the progression of disease around. Patients who are administered chelation for arterial plaque do the same as patients who receive placebo therapy. Such a practice is to be condemned. Nonetheless, chelation therapy is a legitimate treatment for removing heavy metals from the body. Chelating agents bind with heavy metals, allowing them to be discharged by the body. In fact, chelating agents were first used to counter exposure to noxious agents in war. Enhancing Physician-Patient Communication, Stephanie J. Lee, Anthony L. Back, Susan D. Block and Susan K. Stewart. American Society of Hematology 2002
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AMA Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs. Sale of health-related products from physicians' offices. CEJA Opinion 8.063, June 1999.
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Double-blind provocation chamber challenges in 20 patients presenting with "multiple chemical sensitivity". Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. 1993 Aug; 18(1):44-53. Staudenmayer H, Selner JC, Buhr MP. Allergy Respiratory Institute of Colorado, Denver 80222.
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Doctor discontent. JP Kassirer - N Engl J Med, 1998 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov Nov 19;339(21):15431545.
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Quality Of Alternative Medicine—Complications And Avoidable Deaths. International Journal for Quality in Health Care 2:111-117 (1990)
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A Devil's Chaplain: Reflections on Hope, Lies, Science, and Love, Richard Dawkins, Mariner Books; Reprint edition (October 27, 2004)
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J Consult Clin Psychol. 1999 Aug;67(4):590-3.

Medical Journal of Australia 2001; 175:359-362 * Trinity College Dublin, Beaumont Hospital, November 2007
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World Health Organization, November 2007

Animals and Psychedelics: The Natural World and the Instinct to Alter Consciousness. G. Samorini. Park Street Press. 2002
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* A systematic review of physicians' survival predictions in terminally ill cancer patients. BMJ 2003;327(7408):195 (24 July)

** A double-blind test of astrology. Nature 318, 419 - 425, December 5, 1985 So what's your blood type? Dating superstition in Japan. Skeptical Inquirer Decem-ber 1, 1997 * University of Bath, December 2007 * The Relationship between Student Illicit Drug Use and School Drug-Testing Policies. University of Michigan, R Yamaguchi, LD Johnston, PM O'Malley - J Sch Health, 2003 Drug Testing in Schools: Policies, Practices, and Association with Student Drug Use. R Yamaguchi, LD Johnston, PM O'Malley - J Sch Health, 2003 * Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, December 2007 ** Center for Disease Control and Prevention, reported in Journal of Adolescent Health, December 2007 * American Chemical Society (2007, December 24). Culinary Shocker: Cooking Can Preserve, Boost Nutrient Content Of Vegetables. * Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2007 99(18):1384-1394; doi:10.1093/jnci/djm127 * University of Utah, January 3, 2008 * Columbia University, National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse. January, 2008 * University of Chicago, National Opinion Research Center, January 2008 * Journal of General Internal Medicine, January 2008 * Vatican's Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences, April, 2006 * Archives of Paediatric and Adolescent Medicine, January 2008 * General Hospital Psychiatry, January, 2008 * Aggression As Rewarding As Sex, Food And Drugs. Vanderbilt University (2008, January 15) ** Marital Pair Anger Coping Types May Act as an Entity to Affect Mortality: Pre-liminary Findings from a Prospective Study, Journal of Family Communication, University of Michigan, School of Public Health, Psychology Department, 2008 * Consumer Awareness Institute, 2008 * Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland, 2008 * Mayo Clinic Proceedings, January 2008. * Professor Ames is the inventor of the Ames test, an inexpensive way to measure the rate of cell mutation caused by certain compounds. * The Age of American Unreason, by Susan Jacoby. Pantheon (February 12, 2008) * Queen's University, Belfast (2008, February 18). Older People Are Happy: Life Begins At 40 And 50 And 60. * Journal of the American College of Surgeons, February 2008

Good people can do evil things when given authority and no supervision—this is something Stanford University researchers call the Lucifer Effect. Even when students play the role of guards in simulated prisons, they become sadistic, and make their “prisoners” cower. The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good People Turn Evil - By Philip Zimbardo. Political Psychology 28 (5) , 644–646 doi:10.1111/j.14679221.2007.00597.x
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Ginkgo biloba extract raises the risk of stroke. Neurology. 2008 Feb 27

While peripheral circulation is temporarily roused, massage does not influence deep circulation in any significant way.
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The buzzword toxin is, in effect, responsible for deceiving millions of people. Toxins do exist, but holistic types often use the word erroneously. Countless phony therapies blame nearly every health problem on toxins. And flushing toxins is just one of the many different ways an unrestrained food supplement industry perpetuates itself.
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Coffee consumption and fibrocystic breasts: an unlikely association. Can J Surg. 1986 May;29(3):208-11. Moderate coffee drinking is defined as 1-3 6-ounce cups a day.

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Coffee and cancer: a review of epidemiological studies, 1990-1999. European Journal of Cancer Prevention. 9(4):241-256, August 2000.Tavani, A 1; Vecchia, C La 1,2
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Bigorexia (or muscle dysmorphia) is an aspect of the overtraining syndrome. The bigorexic is preoccupied with the idea that they are puny and poorly muscled, even if they possess a superior physique.
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From the Latin superstitio, standing over
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One Million Dollar Paranormal Challenge. James Randi Educational Foundation Something that is supposed to be100% natural Religious broadcaster Pat Robertson, January, 2008

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A mystical word or “seed-sound” used in meditation and ritual, believed to have power to enhance spirituality. Such words are alleged to have mystic attraction for specific deities. Traditionally, a mantra often required initiation by a guru, or spiritual teacher. Commonly found in Buddhism and Hinduism.
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* Cross-National Correlations of Quantifiable Societal Health with Popular Religiosity and Secularism in the Prosperous Democracies: A First Look. G Paul, Journal of Religion and Society, Volume 7, 2005 * Ear candles: a triumph of ignorance over science. The Journal of Laryngology & Otology , 2004 * Mechanism of cardioprotection by resveratrol, a phenolic antioxidant present in red wine. Int J Mol Med. 2001 Jul;8(1):3-17. Alcohol Beverages and Incidence of Dementia: 34-Year Follow-up of the Prospective Population Study of Women in Göteborg. American Journal of Epidemiology April, 2008 Similar to a motivational speaker, a life coach is a person who works with a client, usually without oversight or regulation, to establish and attain personal goals using a variety of techniques, many of which are outlandish. A profession our desire to have a life coach actually points to our need for a course in critical thinking.
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a.k.a. environmental illness, 20th Century Syndrome, chemical sensitivity, chemical injury syndrome, sick building syndrome, etc., etc. * Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, (DOI:10.1098/rstb.2008.0007)

* Speech to the Illinois House of Representatives. December 18, 1840.
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Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, June 2008.

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From an actual ad.

* Society for Experimental Biology (2008, July 6). Slow Exercise (not Fast) Is Better For Menopausal Women. Peak oil is, because global oil resources are finite, the greatest point of worldwide oil extraction, followed by persistent drops. When demand is unabated, a worldwide emergency may spread, giving way to sizeable costs.
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The vegan diet (which goes further than vegetarianism—meaning no foods associated with animals are eaten— no honey, milk, meat, etc.), like the fruitarian diet, (which goes further still—fruit only), are difficult to sustain healthfully. Vegans and fruitarians must have thorough knowledge of what foods are needed, so that they are certain of getting enough iron, B-12, minerals, essential fatty acids, oils, etc. Most need, in fact, food supplements just to insure health. This is not to say that people who eat primarily fast foods eat well. However, meat, fish, eggs and dairy products are, if eaten in moderation, effective foods—ones that contain many essential nutrients. When eliminated, they must be carefully substituted with other important foods or supplements.
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* The Kardashev scale, devised in 1964 by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Kardashev, is a system that categorizes the technological development of a civilization.


								
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