NGO Capacity Building for Poverty Reduction

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					The Principles of Partnerships: Contributions to
   European Integration and Development
             Belgrade, 7-9 December 2005

Promoting CSO engagement in European Integration

    NGO Capacity Building for Poverty Reduction

                    UNDP Lithuania
    COs strategic positioning vis-à-vis EU
             accession process
• Only Country Programme (2004-2005), which is explicit
  in its relationship with the EU accession process; since
  from 1 May 2004 Lithuania became a full member of the

* UNDP’s overall strategy:
• (a) closing the gaps and refining the integration process
   in areas where UNDP has a comparative advantage

• (b) helping Lithuania in its role as an emerging donor
  (part of the responsibilities taken on by Lithuania as an
  EU member)
       COs strategic positioning vis-à-vis EU
           accession process (contd.)
* However:
•   inevitable that most, if not all, of the UNDP interventions in Lithuania contributed to
    the accession process

•   may reflect the shared values of the UN and the EU

•   reflects the degree of cooperation between UNDP and its national partners, as well
    as the degree of national ownership of the UNDP programmes, whereby these
    programmes helped supporting the overarching national priority of EU accession

•   there are cases where UNDP may have accelerated the process or at least facilitated
    governments efforts to comply with EU accession requirements, for example,
    interventions in the areas of gender, human rights and anti-corruption

•   there are cases where UNDP has directly supported the early development of EU-
    type strategies - the best example: preparation of the Action Plan for the
    Implementation of the Poverty Reduction Strategy for 2002-2004 (PRAP) and
    preparation of the civil society to take part in the implementation of this strategy.
    Key Outputs of UNDP Support to Poverty
        Reduction Planning and Policy

• Expanded Household Budget Survey
• Labour Survey
• Survey of Social Beneficiaries
• Poverty Levels in Lithuania: Results of Studies of
  Household Budgets and Living Conditions
• Poverty and Employment Report
• Living Conditions of Social Benefit Recipients Survey
 Key Outputs of UNDP Support to Poverty
  Reduction Planning and Policy (contd.)

• Study on Rural Lining Conditions Standards
• National Poverty Reduction Strategy
• National Poverty Reduction Action Plan for
• MDG Reports
        Disaggregated MDG reports
* Examples of key issues in Lithuania:

• Poverty – Relative poverty: has decreased from 18% to
  16.4% in 5 years. But increased in rural areas from 26%
  to 27.3%

• TB mortality up by 20%

• Gender & Rural/Urban gap in Life Expectancy. City
  dwellers have 3 yrs more.

• Global Partnership – develop ODA capacity
  Disaggregated MDG reports (contd.)

* Strategy of Lithuania:

• Focusing on making progress in qualitative terms against the MDGs

• Adapting and interpreting the most appropriate goals and linking
  them to the EU’s Laeken indicators – the social inclusion indicators
  in support of the implementation of the EU Lisbon Strategy

• Regional workshop on “Aligning the EU Social Inclusion Process
  and the MDGs”, April 2004
             National Poverty Reduction Strategy:
* Targets:
•   Relative poverty: from 16% in 1998 to less than 10% in 2005;
•   Absolute poverty: (0.8% of the pop. in 1998) eliminated by 2005.

* High priority policy areas outlined:
•   Limitations to, and passive nature of poverty reduction measures
•   High levels of unemployment leading to persistent poverty
•   Low agricultural productivity
•   Limited availability of state assistance to rural areas
•   Growth of social exclusion
•   Slow pace of implementing poverty prevention measures

* Red Cross – NGOs representative in the preparation process
    National Poverty Reduction Action Plan for 2002-2004:
        early support to EU-type strategy development
* The core aims of NPRAP:

•   strengthen attention of civil society to the problems of poverty
•   create conditions for public institutions and civil society organisations to
    communicate and co-operate with reference to the poverty reduction issue
    thus promoting civil society’s participation in general
•   transform the aspirations of poverty reduction to the discourse on practical
•   force the participants of this process to assess actual poverty reduction
    possibilities and estimate the necessary resources as well as look into their
    potential sources
•   allow evaluation of other poverty related programmes implemented by the
•   revisit the legal acts both in force and under preparation to assess their
    possible impact on poverty situation
“Agreement signed in late 2002 between UNDP,
  the Ministry of Social Security and Labour and
  NISC concerning the implementation of project
  on Strengthening of NGO Abilities in Pursuit of
  Poverty Reduction in Lithuania are of utmost
  importance for cooperation between the state
  and NGOs on the efforts to reduce poverty and
  social exclusion.” Lithuania National Action Plan
  on Poverty and Social Exclusion 2004-06
    NGOs Willingness, Intentions and Capacities to
    participate in Poverty Reduction Activities (2002)

* 62.5% of surveyed NGOs presently contribute to poverty reduction
* 70.6% would like to contribute to poverty reduction in the future

* Number of projects in 2001
•    One – 12%
•    2 to 5 - 43.3%
•    6 to 10 - 7.7%
•    More than 10 - 24%
•    Difficult to say – 13%
NGOs Willingness, Intentions and Capacities to participate
     in Poverty Reduction Activities (2002) – cont.

                         Three main Obstacles for the NGOs to take part in Poverty Reductiona
                                                 (% from NGO active in poverty reduction)

                                      Financial difficulties, lack of resources                             66,3

                                            Unfavourable governments policy                              54,8

        Legal obstacles, unfavourable legal background for projects financing                     41,3

                         Lack of initiative and self-help spirit among the poor                  38,5

                        Lack of appreciation for NGO activities by authorities                   35,6
                                                           Lack of information         15,4

                                                            Lack of personnel         11,5

                                            lack of knowledge where to apply        8,7
                                                                  Lack of time

                                                                         Other        7,7

                                                                  No response     5,8

                                                                                  0         10    20       30      40   50   60   70   80   90   100
NGOs Willingness, Intentions and Capacities to participate
     in Poverty Reduction Activities (2002) – cont.

                   * Resources mobilised domestically prevail

                                National and Foreign Resources Mobilised
                                        (% fron NGOS active in poverty reduction)

               500 001 and more

             100 001 - 500 000 Lt

              20 001 - 100 000 Lt

                 5001 - 20 000 Lt

                   Up to 5000 Lt

                havent received

                    no response

                                    0               20           40            60            80    100

                                                    Resources from abroad     National resources
 UNDP response - NGOs Capacity Building
* Issues addressed by the project:

• To strengthen NGOs & CSOs to act as partners in helping
  communities build their own solutions to poverty/social inclusion

• NGOs & CSOs need to be capable to liaise with government on an
  on-going basis

• To improve civil society’s ability to influence policy and carry out
  monitoring of policy implementation

Capacity of civil society for: project design, resource mobilisation,
  organizing & networking, community mobilisation, poverty
  monitoring, policy analysis, budget analysis, advocacy, lobbying, etc
 UNDP response - NGOs Capacity Building
            project (contd.)
• Questions of legitimacy, representation, broad participation – what
  are the links to poor communities & other civil society actors at the
  level of national and European networks

• Support civil society coalition building and networking activities to
  promote representation

• Feedback mechanisms, so that those who are consulted are
  informed if their views were taken into account

Establishment of the Lithuanian Network of NGOs working in the field
   of social inclusion and joining the European Anti-Poverty Network
 UNDP response - NGOs Capacity Building
            project (contd.)

• Capacity of government – understanding of participatory approaches
  & expertise to use them for policy purposes

• Government convinced of value of civic engagement

Participatory process of National Poverty Reduction Strategy and
  Action Plan preparation, training for government officials, NGOs &
  CBOs activity map at the local level

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