Microbial Jeopardy by B4Z4B9U2

VIEWS: 16 PAGES: 52

									        JEOPARDY
Structure Nutrition Diversity Disease- Bacterial
                              related  Genetics
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                 Answer
A dense region within the bacterial cell where
 the chromosome is found
                Question
What is the nucleoid region?
                  Answer
In the true bacteria this is an essential
  component of the cell wall
               Question
What is peptidoglycan?
                Answer
An antibiotic that interferes with the
crosslinking of the bacterial cell wall
             Question
What is penicillin?
                Answer
A gelatinous substance that provides cells
with additional protection from host
immune responses
                Question
What is the capsule?
                Answer
These are resistant cells that are formed by
some bacteria and are capable of surviving
harsh adverse condition.
              Question
What are Endospores?
                 Answer
• Bacteria that break down organic material
  and have a role in digesting sewage and oil
              Question
What are decomposers?
        Double JE0PARDY
• How much do you wish to wager?
       Double JEOPARDY
                  Answer

A class of mutants that requires the presence
of specific organic nutrients for their growth
     Double JEOPARDY
              Question

What are auxotrophs?
               Answer
A term used to describe materials that are
inert to decomposition by microorganisms
               Question
What is non-biodegradable?
               Answer
The process that takes nitrogen gas (N2) and
assimilates it into organic material
                Question
• What is nitrogen fixation?
            Answer
These are organisms that will use
oxygen but can use fermentation in
its absence
           Question
What are facultative anaerobes?
               Answer
 Domain that contains all of the
“extremophiles”
            Question
What are the Archaea?
                 Answer
Molecule used as the gold standard for the
identification and classification of all living
organisms
                              Question
   What is SSU*-rRNA?




ssu-rRNA - small subunit ribosomal RNA. In prokaryotes this is the 16s RNA
                Answer
Free living symbionts that are found in the
roots of leguminous plants
            Question
What is Rhizobium?
              Answer
 Intracellular parasites that is the most
common cause of blindness in the world
and also causes nongonococcal urethritis,
the most common sexually transmitted
disease (STD) in the United States
            Question
What is Chlamydia?
             Answer
A group of prokaryotes that might
have undergone endo-symbiotic
events leading to the chloroplasts
        Question
What are the cyanobacteria?
             Answer
A soluble protein excreted by a
microorganism that can cause
damage to the host by destroying
cells or disrupting normal cellular
metabolism
               Question
• What is an exotoxin?
             Answer
Four criteria which are used to
connect a pathogen with a specific
disease
               Question
• What are Koch’s postulates?
             Answer
A disease that is only caused by a
certain bacteria when it is carrying a
bacteriophage
          Question
What is Diptheria?
           Answer
The organism that causes anthrax
          Question
What is Bacillus anthracis?
            Answer
 Organisms usually associated with
individuals which become pathogens
when the host’s immune system fails
        Question
What are opportunists?
                Answer
Term that refers to the uptake of naked DNA
           Question
What is transformation?
                 Answer
The mechanism by which foreign DNA
 integrates into or exchanges parts with a
 host chromosome
             Question
What is homologous recombination?
              Answer
A viral infection that results in the
production of a prophage
             Question
What is a lysogen?
             Answer
The transfer of genetic material
between bacteria through direct
cell-to-cell contact
                Question
What is conjugation?
              Answer
Term used to describe a plasmid or
 phage that integrates into the host
 chromosome
          Question
What is an Episome?

								
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