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					        Planning for Drought: A Risk
           Management Approach




                       Mark Svoboda, Climatologist
Monitoring Program Area Leader, National Drought Mitigation Center
                   University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
South Central U.S. Drought Impacts and Assessment Workshop, Austin, TX July 7, 2011
       Drought: “a force for truth”
  Analysis of drought risk management is the
  starting point for a comprehensive
  institutional analysis
  Stress from drought highlights:
     Strengths and weaknesses that are usually
     hidden
     Political priorities and underlying cultural values
     revealed by difficult choices
  Societies will manage climate change in
  the same way they will manage droughts
  (for better and worse)
Daniel Connell, Australian National University, 2010
Characteristics of Crisis Management

   reactive, post-
   impact
   poorly
   coordinated
   untimely
   poorly targeted
   ineffective
   decreases self-
   reliance 
   greater
   vulnerability
United States National Drought Policy

 Collection of fragmented efforts
     - 88 drought-related federal programs
     - No national policy (WDCC,NDPC 1998)
     - States have been leaders (WGA, etc.)
 Limited funding for monitoring/mitigation
     - fraction of response expenditures
 Focus on crisis management
     - ad-hoc responses and relief payments
     - paradigm shift underway?
 Then came NIDIS (2006)
 Much more to do……
Focusing Events: Windows of Opportunity
          for Drought Planning
NDMC, 2011
  Drought Plan Components
Monitoring and early warning
  Assess, communicate, and trigger action
  Foundation of a drought mitigation plan

Vulnerability assessment
  Who and what is at risk and why?

Mitigation and response actions
  Actions/programs that reduce risk and impacts
  and enhance recovery
Tools for Planning: NDMC and NIDIS
• All droughts are “local”
• Planning is a “living” process
• Planning should start local
• Planning at all scales
• Now what?
“Drought Ready” Communities




 http://www.drought.unl.edu/plan/DRC.htm
The Drought Ready Communities Project

    2 years (June 2008-June
     2010)
    Funded by NOAA’s
     Climate Program Office,
     Sectoral Applications
     Research Program
     (SARP), and NIDIS

http://drought.unl.edu/plan/DRC.htm
The Pilot Communities
   Nebraska City, Nebraska, pop. ~ 7,000
    □   Wells draw from aquifer under the Missouri River
   Decatur, Illinois, pop. ~ 82,500
    □   Surface water
   Norman, Oklahoma ~ 100,000 +
    □   Surface and ground water
   1: Invite & Commit
   2: Gather Information
   3: Start Monitoring
   4: Plan for Education &
    Awareness
   5: Plan Responses to
    Reduce Impacts
   NIDIS Engaging Preparedness
   Communities Working Group


   Establishing a cooperative network of
   drought stakeholders




UNL Project approval number (IRB# 20101111010 EX)
EPC Goal:
Assist entities in planning for and reducing the risks
associated with drought




                                         NIDIS Implementation Plan, 2007
Approach
Approach
• Create
  ▫ database of state drought plan information
                  Drought Plan Database
           Basic information
           Communication & coordination
           Drought declaration & response
           Diversity of water users
           Impact & risk assessment
           Indicators & triggers
           Climate change & uncertainty
             Take Home Messages
•   Be in position to take advantage of focusing events
    (windows of opportunity) to push drought planning
    to the forefront as a consistent priority via policy

• No “one size fits all” option available to develop a
  plan

• Needs to have a regular update period defined (
  living process)

• Many lessons to be shared and learned
Why Plan for Drought?
Please visit the NDMC website for more
information: http://drought.unl.edu



                         Thanks!

                        Contact me at:
                        Mark Svoboda
                        402-472-8238
                        msvoboda2@unl.edu

				
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posted:5/21/2012
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