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Stonehenge Monument


About Stonehenge Monument

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									                          Stonehenge Monument
Stonehenge is a stone monument of ancient human beings at the time of the
Bronze and Neolithikum located adjacent to Amesbury about
13 kilometers(8 stone) northwest of Salisbury Plain, Province
of Wilshire, England.

Stonehenge itself is composed of thirty upright stones (sarsens) with a
verylarge size (each stone at first a uniform height, which is 10 meters with each
stone has a weight of 26 tons), all
of the upright stones arranged to form acircular upright known as megalithikum.

 There is debate about the actual age of the stone circle, but most archaeologists
estimate that the majority of buildings built between 2500-2000 BC
Stonehenge. Roundabout ponds and ditches forming the ground phase of the
construction of a monument Stonehenge, beginning about 3100 BC. Although the
same age (henges) days of the crossed Neolithikum resembled Stonehenge,
Stonehenge may have a relationship with another stone circle located in the British
Isle as Ring of Brodgar but trilitonnya size makes it unique as an example. This
place is included in the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1986.
In the last 30 large stone circle, also there are about 30 stone with a smaller size,
called Lintels, compiled with a circular shape at the moment keba juga.Tapi
nyakan upright stones had been eroded and fallen.

According to the British archaeologist Richard Atkinson John Coplan (1950),
Stonehenge was built about 5000 years ago, the building itself is divided into
several phases (I, II, IIIa, IIIb, and IIIc). Obviously with the number of stages in
the development phase of Stonehenge, indicates that the building requires a very
long time in the process, starting from his own lawyer to transport stone carving at
every stage of the stone. Pene every invention known to the carved stone
Stonehenge, it was discovered by researchers recently. According to an
archaeologist, Tom Goskar, with the laser scanning method, the engravings on the
stone will be visible. If deng will not be visible to the naked eye. Obviously with
the discovery of the forms carved on rocks, can at least provide a glimmer of hope
to uncover the purpose of Stonehenge in the past.
Stonehenge complex was built in several phases of development for 2,000 years
and during that period, the activity goes on. This is evidenced by the discovery of a
corpse of a Saxon who beheaded and buried in the memorial, and the possibility of
the bodies came from the 7th century AD

Stonehenge I
The first monument consisted of a round circle of the cliffs and trenches measuring
115 meters (320 feet) in diameter and with an entrance in the northeast. This phase
is about 3100 BC. On the outside of the circle there are 59 holes, known as the
Aubrey holes to commemorate John Aubrey, the seventeenth-century archeologist
who was the first to find the holes. Twenty-five of the Aubrey holes are known to
have perkebumian ash in the two centuries after the founding of
Stonehenge. Thirty corpses ashes placed in the trench area of the circle and the
other in the Stonehenge area. Late Neolithic pottery has been found together
provide evidence of date. A large single stone monoliths that are not smoothed
known as the 'Heel Stone' (Heel Stone) is located outside the entrance.

Stonehenge II
Proof of the second phase is no longer visible. However, evidence from several
holes pole of this time period proved the presence of several wooden buildings
built in the area of a circle around the beginning of the third millennium BC. Some
suggested that the board would be found missing something at its entrance. This
phase is similar to Woodhenge is located adjacent places.

Stonehenge IIIa
Archaeological excavations show that around 2600 BC, two crescent arches made
of a hole (known as hole Q and R) were excavated in the middle-teng ah
location. The hole contains 80 blue stones brought up from the Preseli hills, 250
stones in Wales. The stones are carefully shaped into poles, mostly composed of
dolerite rock types but also including examples marked rhyolite rocks, volcanic
tuffs, and myolite weighing 4 tons.
The entrance was widened in the direction of making it in line with the sun rising
mid-summer and mid-spring sunset period. The monument was abandoned without
a prepared, while the blue stone in the move and the hole seems to Q and R are
closed. This may be done during the phase of Stonehenge IIIb. This monument
seems to exceed the point at Avebury in terms of its importance at the end of this
period and the Amesbury Archer, found in 2002 three-stone to the south, imagine
how Stonehenge looked at this. Said to be paid on Stonehenge IIIa built by the

Stonehenge IIIb
In the next phase of activity at the end of the third millennium BC found 74 large
sarsen stones were taken from the query 20 stone at the site north of the
Marlborough Downs. The stones are packed and formed a wedge and segment
connection is established before the 30 stone pillars form a circle measuring 30 by
29 meter diameter stone roof (lintel) above. Each chunk of stone weighing 25 tons
and clearly established with the aim to impress.
Stone orthostat bit wide at the top to give an idea he looks straight from the ground
up while coarse stones curved a little to connect the circular monument picture
Inside the sphere is located five trili thon sarsen stones are processed and prepared
in a horseshoe shape. This large stone, five stone ten uprise and grass, each
weighing up to 50 tons, which is connected with a complex connection. Carved
dagger and ax heads found in sarsen. In this period, the road was built along 500
meters, leading to the northeast of the entrance and contains two pairs of ponds that
berparit aligned in the middle. Last two large paired portal stones at the entrance
which is now only one remains, Slaughtering Stone (Slaughter Stone) 4.9 meters
(16 feet) long. It is believed the work of the early Bronze Age Wessex culture,
around 2000 BC.

Stonehenge IIIc
Selepasnya the Bronze Age, the rock seems to have upheld the original blue, the
spots between the two poles and also in the sarsen horseshoe shape in the middle,
to follow the layout of sarsen.Although it seems a remarkable phase of work, the
construction of Stonehenge IIIc built Stonehenge IIIb versus less thorough, blue
stone that seems to have established the foundation is not solid and ready to
fall. One of the fallen stones have been given names that are less precise as the
Rock Worship (Altar Stone). Two spheres are also dug holes in the outer circle of
stones known as the hole Y and Z. The holes are never filled with stones and the
construction of this memorial site seems terbiarkan around 1500 BC.

Stonehenge IV
Around 1100 BC, Avenue road connected by more than two stone down to the
River Avon, although it is unclear who is involved in this additional development

Theories about Stonehenge
The first serious studies done around 1740 by William Stukeley. Stukeley
incorrectly stated that this location was built by the Druids, but the most important
contribution is to take a measured drawing of the location of Stonehenge that
justify a more precise analysis of the shape and interests. Which suggests that the
henge and stone arranged in a certain form that has the interests of astronomy.
Gerald Hawkins, a Professor of Astronomy. Also issued a statement that the real
function of Stonehenge in the past is as sophisticated Astronomy Observatory to
predict the coming of the sun or moon eclipses (Stonehenge
Decoded). Munurutnya, laying each stone at Stonehenge contains a wealth of
information to support that statement.
According to him, "If you can understand the position of each stone structure, then
you can definitely conclude about the usefulness of Stonehenge in the past". Other
astronomers also found a 56-year cycle of solar eclipse and the Moon by means
decodes each stone at Stonehenge.
On each upright stone, reflecting the particular position of the sun, so it is very
accurate astronomical calculations to show the cycle. It's great men of the time.
How blue stones were transported from Wales has been dealt and based on
research that he may be a part of the memorial stone earlier in Pembrokeshire and
was brought to Salisbury Plain (Salisbury Plain). Many archaeologists believe that
Stonehenge was an attempt to perpetuate in stone, building boards are scattered on
Salisbury Plain as Durrington Walls.
This monument is aligned northeast - southwest and the primacy placed by the
builders on the solstice and equinox for example, in mid-summer morning, the sun
appeared right at the top of the rock heel (Heel stone), and the first light of the sun
to the center of Stonehenge arrangement between the two horseshoe-shaped
stone. This does not happen by chance. The sun arose in different directions on the
surface of different geographical places.For the proper alignment, it must be
estimated precisely for Stonehenge at latitude 51 ° 11 '. Alignment is, of course,
and forms the basis for them and a place for Stonehenge. AlexanderThom bahawa
argues that location is set according to the size of the megalithic yard.
So most of the opinion that Stonehenge represents a place of
ancientobservatory, although how much use for the purpose
of Stonehenge isdisputed. Majority opinion also put forward the theory that it
represents a large farah (article from the Observer), computer or even an
alien landing site.

Many estimates of the achievement of the engines is
required to buildStonehenge. Assume that the blue stones were
brought from Wales byhuman power rather
than by glaciers as Aubrey Burl allegations, variousways to move it by
using ropes and wood. In 2001, an attempt to divert alarge rock along the road
and the
sea is possible from Wales toStonehenge. Volunteers pulled on sled (Sledge) timbe
r on the land but if thebot was transferred to a
replica prehistoric, stone sink diSelat Bristol.

Engraving is a unique weapon in the art sarsen megaliths in the
British Isles(British Isles) where more abstract designs, as well as a horse shoe-
shapedstone is remarkable for a culture that set the stones in a circular
shape. Theusual motive for the people of Brittany at the time and the two phases
ofStonehenge had been built under the influence
of continental influence. Thismay explain at one stage, about them and the form of
monuments, but on the whole, Stonehenge still be explained from
any cultural context ofEuropean prehistory.
Estimates of the manpower needed to build the various phases ofStonehenge put
the total amount involved for millions of man hours worked.Stonehenge I may
need about 11,000 hours, about
360,000 Stonehenge IIand Stonehenge III for various Baian may involve making 1.
75 million hours.Forming these stones is estimated
to require 20 million man hours usingprimitive tools found at the time.

Myths and legends
Heel Stone (The Heel Stone) in a period known as
the Friar's Heel. Folklore,which is uncertain origin earlier than the seventeenth
century, tells the origin of the name of this stone.

Majority opinion indict Heel Friar ("Friar's Heel") is the change of the
name"Freya's He-ol" or "Freya Sul", from the name of the God of the
GermanFreya and (charged) the words of Welsh for "passes" and "solar day"
according to the succession.

A surprising argument about the history of Stonehenge pointed out by an expert on
the History and Topography of Ireland, Gerald of Wales. Hementioned
that Human Giant has brought immense stones from Africa to England. Of
the geological structure of the constituent stones of Stonehengeitself is shown
that the gigantic stones that are not derived from the European region, because its
structure is very different, but similar to the rock from the African region.

Stonehenge is also associated with the legend of
King Arthur. Geoffrey ofMonmouth said that Merlin the
magician has to move Stonehenge fromIreland, where he had built
on Mount Killaraus by carrying giant stones fromAfrica.
If there is a giant man, as we know, the construction of The Great Pyramid of
Giza of Egypt, he also has nothing to do with the Human Giant. How
do theycarry heavy stones? Perhaps this is possible if Human Giant with 7-
10meters high up at the same time carrying stones.


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