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					TETRA Strategic Positioning

          Ranko Pinter

      TETRA MoU Association
Agenda
 • TETRA market overview
 • What makes TETRA different
 • Comparison with other technologies
   incl. Tetrapol/ GSM/ CDMA
 • Future/ roadmap – TETRA &
   convergence
 • Conclusions




20/05/2012   Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   2
TETRA Market *

 • Total number of TETRA contracts has
   grown to 505
 • TETRA market has expanded to 65
   countries of the world
 • This represents 55% contract-growth and
   16% country-growth over last 9 months
 • The fastest growing Market Sectors are Oil
   & Gas and Industrial
 • The fastest growing Regions are Northern
   Europe & Middle East
                                                            * At July 2004
 20/05/2012    Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004                3
Global TETRA Contracts - by Region
                                                      AFRICA
                                    UNKNOWN
                                                        4%
                                       1%                               ASIA-PAC
                 NOT DECLARED                                             10%
                      4%




                                                                                   EAST EUROPE
                                                                                       13%
           WEST EUROPE
               37%
AFRICA              18
ASIA-PAC            52
EAST EUROPE         64
                                                                                   LATIN AMERICA
LATIN AMERICA       24                                                                   5%
MIDDLE EAST         26
NORTH EUROPE        40
SOUTH EUROPE        66                                                          MIDDLE EAST
WEST EUROPE        188                                                              5%
NOT DECLARED        22
UNKNOWN              5
                                                                          NORTH EUROPE
                               Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004
    20/05/2012
TOTAL              505                                                                             4
                         SOUTH EUROPE                                          8%
                             13%
Global TETRA Contracts - by Sector
                                   Undeclared Unknown              Government
                                        5%      1%                    7%                      Industrial
                                   Utilities                                                     1%
                                     8%
                                                                                                 Military
                                                                                                  6%

                                                                                                   Oil & Gas
                  Transportation                                                                       3%
                      24%                                                                      PAMR
                                                                                                6%
Government              37
Industrial               7
Military                32
Oil & Gas               16
PAMR                    31
PSS                    192
Transport              121
Utilities               39
Undeclared              25
Unknown                  5

TOTAL                  505                                                              PSS
     20/05/2012                        Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   39%                    5
TETRA Contracts Growth 1997- 2003
                                                 TETRA Contracts


               200
               180
               160
               140
               120
         No.




               100                                                                     TETRA Contracts
                80
                60
                40
                20
                 0
                     1997   1998     1999        2000        2001        2002   2003
20/05/2012                    Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004                       6
                                                 Year
TETRA - Three Key Markets


             Public Operator
                  PAMR


    Private Operator Self-provided
          PMR            PMR

20/05/2012     Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   7
TETRA Versatility


                      Mobile
                     Telephony


             Mobile                                   Mobile
             Data                                     Radio

20/05/2012      Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   8
Markets & Applications (Ansoff)
                                         Vehicle Location/ Navigation
                                          Fleets      Private Users
                                                                                   Video
                  New     Extending                                              Streaming
                          Functionality
                          to existing
                          PMR/PAMR                           Picture Messaging
 Application




                          Applications                       Internet & Intranet
                          • Information
                             Retrieval
               Related    • Monitoring/               Extending
                             Tracking                  TETRA to
                                                      white collar
                                                      workers in
                          “Blue Collar”                 existing
                          PMR / PAMR                    industry
               Existing    Voice Plus                  segments
                          Limited Data


                           Existing                    Related                   New

20/05/2012
                                            Markets
                                Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004               9
   Comms Technology - Traditional

                Specialist                            Non-Tactical Military

 Increasing                                                 Police and Security
Information                                                 Customs and Excise
Importance
                                 PMR                                   Fire and Ambulance
                                                                       Mineral Extraction
                                                                       Transport and Utilities
Increasing                    Cellular
                                                                          Business and
User Base                                                                 General Commerce
                     Fixed Telephony                                        Consumer
   20/05/2012         Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004                     10
Comms Technology – New Positioning

                                                Non-tactical Military (COTS)

 Increasing
                                                      Police and Security
Information
                                                      Customs and Excise
Importance                PMR
                         TETRA                                   Fire and Ambulance
                                                                 Mineral Extraction
                                                                 Transport and Utilities
Increasing                                                          Business and
User Base       Cellular - GSM                                      General Commerce

                Fixed Telephony                                       Consumer
   20/05/2012   Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004                     11
TETRA for Emergency Services
• Disasters – both natural
  and man-made (PPDR*)
• Major Incidents/ fires
• Incidents
• RTA (Road Traffic Accidents)
• Routine policing

 *PPDR=Public Protection and Disaster Relief




20/05/2012                        Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   12
    TETRA for Utilities
TETRA technology provides users with
    dependable communication for
    installation & maintenance of
    power-lines and gas pipes
    especially critical at times of:
• Earthquakes
•   Floodings
•   Storms
•   Other natural or man-made
    desasters

    20/05/2012          Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   13
    TETRA for Transportation
TETRA technology provides
  Transportation users with mobile
  communication designed for their
  applications, e.g.
• Fleet Management,
• Passenger Information

TETRA is equally suited to deal with
  their exceptional situations, e.g.
• Road closures/ diversions due to
  scheduled or unscheduled events,
  e.g. RTA, roadwork, public
  demonstration, etc.
• Timetable changes
•   Security alerts
    20/05/2012        Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   14
Urgency & Importance of Info
Information Importance



                           ‘Life
                            or
                          Death’
                                                                     TETRA
                           High
                           (non-
                         routine)
                                                     GSM
                          Low-to-
                          Medium      DECT
                         (routine)
                                     Non-urgent            Urgent                 Immediate
                                                            <10 sec
                                       <1 min Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004
                                        Introductory
                                                                                    <1 sec
20/05/2012                                                                                    15
                                                       Time-criticality of call set-up
    TETRA spectrum efficiency
                200kHz bandwidth


                                                                   200 kHz carrier
         GSM                                                       8 channels


Half-rate GSM                                                      200 kHz carrier
   (future)                                                        16 channels


  PMR 25 kHz                                                       25 kHz channel
                                                                   8 channels / 200 kHz

 PMR 12.5 kHz
 APCO25 (US)                                                       12.5 kHz channels
 Tetrapol                                                          16 channels / 200 kHz

                                                                   25 kHz carrier
    TETRA                                                          4 channels / carrier
                                                                   32 channels / 200 kHz

   20/05/2012     Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004                     16
    Traffic Flows for Cellular


20% of PSTN Calls
                                       PSTN/ ISDN
are PSTN initiated

                                                     PSTN Calls
                                  Inter-Region       85%
         MOBILE NETWORK
                                    Calls - 5%
                     REGION A                     MOBILE NETWORK

                                                       REGION B



  Intra- Region
  Calls - 10%                   80% of PSTN calls are mobile-initiated
      Traffic Flows for PMR


<1% of PSTN Calls                              PSTN/ ISDN
are PSTN initiated

                                                          PSTN Calls- 5%

          MOBILE NETWORK                  Inter-Region
                                            Calls - 5%
                     REGION A                            MOBILE NETWORK

                                                            REGION B



   Intra- Region         60% of Intra-Region Calls are
   Calls - 90%           to and from a Despatcher
    TETRA Codec - Block Diagram


             analogue       TETRA                                                         TETRA
              speech         Voice                                                         Voice
                            Encoder                                                       Decoder
       8 KHz
       8 kHz
     Sampling                                             Importance               4.567 kbps
                     4.567 kbps
      16 bits                                               Factor
                           TETRA                                                          TETRA
                           Channel                                                        Channel
                           Encoding                                                       Decoding
                          FEC+ CRC                                                                   Bad
                                                                                                     Frame
                                                                                                     Flag
Three levels of    Hi
  bit stream      Med..                       TX                               RX
protection FEC                                                                            7.2 kbps
                   No      7.2 kbps

    20/05/2012                    Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004                       19
 TETRA & GSM - Codec Comparison
                 4
 Quality (MOS)



                 3

                 2

                 1

                 0
                     MOS=Mean Opinion Score
                              TETRA                                                GSM
MOS 4                 Excellent quality : Imperceptible impairment
MOS 3                 Good quality : Just perceptible impairment, but not
annoying
  20/05/2012                      Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004         20
 TETRA Codec Performance
                Comparison with analogue FM

              Low background noise
                                                         TETRA
Quality                                         FM
              High background noise




 20/05/2012              Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   Range   21
 TETRA Codec
                                                                         1&2   3&4

Comparison with analogue FM                                Quality
                                                                        FM
                                                                                 TETRA
ETSI demo        2 phrases Analogue
                 2 phrases TETRA
                                                                                 Range
  1           Male           Moderate C/N
  2           Female         Moderate C/N

  3           Male           Poor C/N
  4           Female         Poor C/N
 20/05/2012            Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004                22
Mobile Communications Convergence


           Cellular
           Phones
                                                                                          Notebooks




Mobile                                                                        PDAs with
                      Pagers with email
Radios                                                                        RF modems


    20/05/2012               Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004                      23
Tooth-phone
Services Comparison TETRA-Analogue
  Services & Facilities                             Conventional                 Trunked            TETRA
  Group Call                                        √                            √                  √
  Individual Call                                   Limited (Selcall)            √                  √
  Voice Quality                                     Poor for low C/I             Poor for low C/I   Good, even for
                                                                                                    poor C/I
  Direct mode                                       √                                               √
  Queued Call                                                                    √                  √
  Status                                            Limited (Selcall)            √                  √
  Short Data Service (SDS)                                                       √                  √
  Circuit Mode Data                                                                                 √
  Packet Data                                                                                       √
  PMR Supplementary Services:                                                                       √
  AL,DGNA,AP,PC,PPC, DL
  Telephony Supplementary Services:                                                                 √
  BIC,BOC,TPI,CLIP,CLIR,
  Ease of Duplex                                                                                    √
  Comprehensive Security Features                                                                   √
  End-to-End Encryption                             Poor (Scrambling)                               √
20/05/2012 Voice and Data
   Concurrent                   Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004                      √            24
 TETRA and Other Standards
Features                       TETRA                      GSM                 DECT    APCO25

Traffic Channel (kHz)               6.25                      25              166.6     12.5
Wide Area Coverage (WAC)                                    
Inherent Ease of Duplex                                                      
Telephony Services                                                           
PMR Services                                                                           
Priority & Pre-emption                                                                 
Call set-up Time < 0.5 sec                                                             
Group & Broadcast Call                                                                 
Queued Call                                                                            
Comprehensive Security                                                                 
Terminal Autonomy (DMO)                                                                
Robust Low-rate Codec                                                                  
Concurrent Voice & Data               
 20/05/2012                  Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004                 25
TETRA and Tetrapol
• Tetrapol is based on Matracom - 1986
  technolgy developed for French MoI
• Proprietary technology developed by Matra
  whilst developing ETSI Standard with others
• Named Tetrapol after ETSI named TETRA
• Attempt to have it adopted by ETSI as
  standard in 1998 comprehensively rejected
• Today still a single source proprietary
  technology of EADS Telecom


20/05/2012    Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   26
TETRA and Tetrapol
 MYTHS                                                REALITY

 1. Tetrapol is an open, de-facto                     1. Tetrapol is a proprietary
    standard.................................            single-source technology not
    .......                                              recognised by any Std. body
 2. Tetrapol is leading-edge and                      2. Tetrapol is 1980s technology
    leader PMR technology                                with declining order book
 3. Schengen problem of TETRA                         3. The only solutions, i.e. dual-
    Tetrapol interoparability is                         mode or two terminals, were
    easy to solve                                        both found to be non-viable
 4. Emergency services can                            4. Proposal even less viable
    have Interoperability without                        because in addition to two,
    sharing common technology                            or dual mode, terminals - it
                                                         requires duplication of
                                                         networks as well.


20/05/2012                   Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004          27
TETRA and GSM-R

                             •Taiwan High Speed Rail
                                     –Top speed 300 KM/hr.


• In competition with GSM-R
  TETRA won the Contract




20/05/2012   Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   28
 TETRA and GSM-R (2)
                                                         From GSM-R
Cologne-Frankfurt                                         to TETRA  Taiwan HSR
• 177 km                                                      x2    • 347 km
• 47 km tunnels                                              x 2.5  • 120 km tunnels
• 56 base stations                                           x 0.5  • 26 base stations

• 3,2 Km coverage                                                                      • 13,3 Km coverage
  average                                                           x4                   average
Source: http://www.cellular-news.com/story/7331.shtml


  Up to 4 times better coverage with TETRA than GSM-R


  20/05/2012                                    Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004         29
TETRA and GPRS / 3G Push-To-Talk
• Recent proposal for adding Push-to-Talk (PTT)
  facility to GPRS and 3G
• Aimed at the recreational / family use, e.g.
     – Family holidays, camping, shopping, mother-to-child safety
• Low Qality of Service
     – Expected call setup around 5 sec. & message delay 1-3 sec.
     – Limited group size
     – No Supplementary Services like: Late Entry, DGNA, Ambience
       Listening, Discreet Listening,
     – Only standard GSM security available
• Threat?
     – Delays by the non-informed decision makers
     – Extra opportunities for Consultants!

20/05/2012            Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   30
TETRA and GSM
• Use of GSM network is an attractive alternative to
  rolling out another nationwide PMR network for
  professional users like the Emergency Services
• Due to inadequate functionality, GSM has so far been
  rejected in all countries that have considered it
• This has not prevented several others repeating the
  same process, e.g.
   – Norway (GSM-R; Telenor; Nexia)
   – Denmark (UMTS)
   – Germany (Vodaphone, with so called GSM-BOS)



20/05/2012      Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   31
TETRA and GSM-BOS
• Viability of the GSM-
  BOS proposal hinges
  on:                                                                          DM
                                                                               O
     1. Rapid standardision of                                               Connec-
        key items not tabled yet in                                            tivity
        ETSI, viz.
                                                                              Server
             • ADCI (Advanced Data Call
               Items)                                                 ASCI features (incl.
                                                                       GSM-R and GSM
             • Connectivity Server
                                                                        2+) and ADCI
               Interfaces
     2. Availability of
        professional dual-mode
        terminals GSM+TETRA                                  Public GSM Network
        DMO
                                                                  ASCI = Advanced Speech Call Items;
                                                                    ADCI = Advanced Data Call Items;
                                                                            DMO = TETRA
20/05/2012                  Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004                             32
           TETRA and GSM-BOS                                                                  Shifting Area Group Call

           •      Technical advantages of TETRA                                                     GSM                  TETRA
                  are functionalities which are not
                  available in GSM mainstream
                  (also not in the near future).
           •      Economic advantages of TETRA
                  are mainly based on:
                  –      Low bandwidth
                  –      Large cells
                  –      Shifting area group call
                  –      Fast call set-up times
           •      GSM_BOS is similar to ill-fated
                  GSM-Pro, promoted by Ericsson
                  for several years and then
                  abandoned
The Usage Of Mainstream Technologies For Public Safety And Security (PSS) Networks
     Master’s Thesis at Helsinki University of Technology by Simon Riesen (Nokia)

       Time for experimentation for BOS has long gone!
           20/05/2012                              Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004                        33
TETRA and CDMA
• CDMA is a broadband technology designed for hi-
  volume consumer cellular market
• Minimum roll-out requires 2 x 1.25MHz for initial
  CDMA carrier (same frequency used in every cell) -
  provides 25-30 voice channels
• Additional 2 x 1.25MHz per additional CDMA carrier
• 2 CDMA carriers plus guard bands will require
  around 2 x 3 MHz
                Guard Band                                                       Guard Band


                             CDMA Carrier #1                 CDMA Carrier #2
   Narrowband                                                                                 Narrowband
    Channels                                                                                   Channels



                                1.25 MHz                         1.25 MHz

20/05/2012                      Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004                             34
                                             Approx 3 MHz
TETRA and CDMA
• According to Lucent:
   – 3G solution is uneconomical for rural coverage
   – Lower frequencies are the key to reducing the costs
• They are looking for support to have the 400 MHz
  range recognised by the ITU as an identified 3G
  band
• Appears to be the strategy for getting into European
  market ”by the backdoor”
      – East Europe
         • As a cellular replacement technology for the old analogue NMT
      – West Europe
         • Lobby Administrations to Change TETRA PAMR licences (some
           enhancements were made to make CDMA more like PAMR).


20/05/2012             Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   35
TETRA – Technical Opportunities

Possible enhancement and upgrade to
  TETRA application interfaces include:


• USB - for hi-speed transfers via PEI
• Bluetooth and or Wi-Fi - for cordless PEI
• PC-card version of TETRA - for use with
    PDAs for data-centric applications.

20/05/2012      Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   36
TETRA Technical Opportunities

Possible future enhancement and upgrade to TETRA
  application interfaces may also include:
• Provision for embedding customer applications in
  the on-board free processor capacity (as offered by
  various suppliers of Global Positioning Systems (GPS)
  modules)
• Provision of the TETRA terminal OS (operating
  system), either proprietary or better still an open
  one (like EPOC from Symbian adopted by the GSM
  community).



20/05/2012        Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   37
 TETRA Market Opportunities

• Middle East - the 2nd TETRA
  Middle East Conference in
  Dubai attracts 200 attendees

• Far East TETRA Conference
  in Korea attracts over 280
  attendees
• All Russian TETRA Congress
  Attracts 600 participants
  over three days

  20/05/2012    Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   38
 TETRA Market Opportunities - @LIS

• @LIS is ALiance for the
  Information Society – a 4-year
  programme launched by EC
• TETRA MoU is actively promoting
  TETRA via major Latin American
  Comms events including
  – Futurecom
  – Telexpo
  – Interseg
• TETRA is the only multivendor
  PMR technology in Latin America
  20/05/2012    Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   39
TETRA Market Opportunities - @LIS
PMR Technologies Marketed in Latin America
 TETRA APCO   iDEN MPT 1327                        LTR           Tetrapol   EDACS




20/05/2012      Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004                40
.. the toolbox for the professionals
      TETRA Positioning
                        VOICE              &                             DATA
                                                                        DATA
   MOBILITY
      GLOBAL                                           INMARSAT-P
                               satellite               GLOBALSTAR
 CONTINENTAL


INTERNATIONAL
                                      GSM/
    NATIONAL
                                      PCN                                              3G /
                                      CDMA                                             UMTS
    REGIONAL
                         TETRA                                          R2
       URBAN                                                          TETRA
                  Trunked mobile radio
       LOCAL
                       MPT1327                                                                       DAWS
         SITE                                                  cordless
       OFFICE
                                                               DECT/ PHS
                GROUP   BROADCAST TELEPHONY            CIRCUIT DATA      PACKET-DATA
                 CALL      CALL            MESSAGING                                   144kb/s   2Mb/s   155Mb/s
                                                       9kb/s   28kb/s                   ISDN
                INFORMATION
                    (bit/s)
Technocop




20/05/2012   Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   43
personal comm..
& info. pack
                                                    Technosoldier
                                                  CIS using new antenna technology
                                                  including an in-built GPS
                                              visor with head-up display




                                                                  video camera attached to
                                                                    the personal weapon


                                                         protective clothing, with built-in
 batteries and the                                       telepresence system, i.e.. sensors
 support system                                          monitoring chemical, RF or
                                                         radiation attack
20/05/2012           Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004                  44
 TETRA In a Nutshell
TETRA is cellular+ because, in addition
 to mobile telephony (voice and data):
• TETRA enables time-critical non-routine,
  communication to the professionals
  operating in closed-user-groups,
• TETRA offers a wide range of PMR services
  and higher levels of security & encryption
• TETRA is designed to operate in the critical
  situations that require highly dependable -
  secure, robust and resilient - equipments and
  systems
• TETRA is …...
 20/05/2012    Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   45
TETRA – a 4WD / SUV of Mobile Comms !




20/05/2012   Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   46
 Conclusions
• TETRA is following GSM experience that has shown
  that standardisation & globalisation are the key
  ingredients for success of any technology
• Growing threat to safety and security of public is
  increasingly demanding the use of professional,
  robust & resilient communication equipments and
  systems, like TETRA - designed for the task
• TETRA standard has propelled the PMR and PAMR
  onto the centre stage of the Global Mobile
  Communications
• With addition of Release 2 enhancements TETRA will
  continue to compliment Cellular.
 20/05/2012      Introductory Seminar TETRA World Congress 2004   47
      Thank you!

      Thank You

For more information on TETRA
          please visit

     www.tetramou.com
       www.etsi.org

				
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