Body Systems Organs of the Human Body by 85JvoV

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									Lesson Plan:

I spend a lot of time on the body systems unit. I got pics off of the internet and traced them
onto regular paper and had the kids label and color specific organs specific colors. After we
finished talking about the systems I broke them up into groups of 3 ( I have a really small class)
and had each group draw a life size picture of a particular body system. The endocrine,
digestive, respiratory and circulatory systems turned out really well. You could even have more
than one group do the same body system. I used white butcher paper and one group member
had to lay on the paper while another traced them. Then they had to draw the body parts
where they belong and color and label them. It turned out really well and was quite funny! I
also had them individually choose a disease related to a specific body system and they had to
research it. They had to identify which body system it affected, how it is diagnosed, symptoms,
how it is treated, as well as find pictures to go along with it. Then they had to create a poster
and present the information to the class. Also, www.downloadlearning.com has a great
interactive presentation on the organs of the human body to introduce them to the unit, if you
have enough computers available. Other teachers in my department have also had the kids just
break up into groups and research each body systems and create a poster presentation to the
class (I did not have a big enough class to do this assignment). I will include the assignment that
I have created to go along with the above mentioned website, but you would have to find or
create a drawing of the human body with the basic organs pictured to go along with it.
                                   Organs of the Human Body

                               http://www.downloadlearning.com

Use the site above to complete this assignment.

      When page loads, look to left side of screen for Topics. Click on Health and Fitness.
      Click on Organs of the Body (about ½ way down the page). Allow the page to load.
      Read the Introduction and answer the first two questions on the next page. (2 points)
      Click on continue on bottom right corner of screen.
      Click on Explorations and view slides 1-14. (5 points)
      Use these slides to complete the matching section of this assignment. (14 points)
      When finished, click on the Home icon.
      Go to Games and click on Pick the Part. Answer all of the questions. Record how many
       answers you got correct in the game section of the assignment. (5 points)
      Go to Games and click on Which is this… and answer all of the questions. Record how
       many answers you got correct in the game section of the assignment. (5 points)
      Correctly label 14 organs using the Explorations link to help you if necessary. (14 points)
      Correctly answer the 16 multiple choice questions. Use the Explorations link to help you
       if necessary. (16 points)



This assignment is worth a total of 61 points.

Your score: ________
Introduction:

   1. What is an organ? ________________________________________________________

       ________________________________________________________________________

   2. How many organs will you learn about on this website? ____



Matching:

_____3. Brain                      A. makes cells that fight infections and disease

_____4. Heart                      B. cleans the blood and creates bile

_____5. Kidneys                    C. forms, stores, and expels waste matter

_____6. Lungs                      D. is the center of thought and emotion

_____7. Appendix                   E. pulls air into and pushes it out of the lungs

_____8. Stomach                    F. filters the blood

_____9. Small Intestine            G. has no known purpose

_____10. Large Intestine           H. pumps blood through the body

_____11. Esophagus                 I. replaces carbon dioxide with oxygen

_____12. Gallbladder               J. is involved in the absorption of nutrients

_____13. Liver                     K. connects mouth and nose to lungs

_____14. Trachea                   L. churns and digests food

_____15. Spleen                    M. pushes food to the stomach

_____16. Diaphragm                 N. stores bile



Games:

17. Pick the Part: Answered _______ correctly

18. Which is this…: Answered ______ correctly
Labeling: Use the organ names in the matching section (#3-16) to correctly label the organs in
the pictures below.
Multiple Choice:

       33. The brain is an organ of the ___________ system that sends and receives messages
       to and from all parts of the body. The brain tells the heart to beat and the lungs to
       breathe.
               A. cardiovascular                    C. digestive
               B. circulatory                       D. central nervous

       34. The gallbladder is a sac connected to the liver. It stores bile, which is released into
       the…
              A. pancreas while sleeping            C. brain to improve thinking
              B. stomach during digestion           D. muscles while exercising

       35. The trachea, usually called the _________ is the airway that connects the nose and
       mouth to the lungs. The vocal cords are in the trachea.
              A. esophagus                         C. windpipe
              B. neck                              D. larynx

       36. The appendix is a worm shaped tube branching off the large intestines. The
       interesting thing is that doctors…
               A. believe it to be important     C. cannot find it in most patients
               B. do not know its purpose        D. are afraid to touch it

       37. The lungs are spongy organs that allow the body to ___________, and take in
       oxygen. Smoking can greatly decrease the amount of air in the lungs.
              A. get rid of carbon dioxide         C. produce hormones
              B. digest food                       D. filter out bad smoke

       38. Food leaves the esophagus and enters the stomach. The stomach’s structure of
       ___________ walls combine with its digestive chemicals to grind and digest food.
              A. hard and rocky                   C. smooth and soft
              B. pointed and tough                D. wrinkled lining and muscular

       39. The liver is the largest internal organ of the body. As ________ through the liver,
       poisons and wastes are filtered out.
              A. air enters                           C. blood passes
              B. urine passes                         D. water leaves

       40. What helps to push food down the esophagus, allowing the food that we eat to
       enter our stomachs?
              A. waves of muscle contractions   C. a lever
              B. very small bacteria            D. pressure from more food
41. The liver makes bile and passes it to the _________ to help in digestion.
       A. stomach                             C. pancreas
       B. gallbladder                         D. appendix

42. The heart is the organ responsible for pushing blood throughout the _______
system.
       A. cardiovascular                     C. central nervous
       B. digestive                          D. circulatory

43. The heart, primarily made of muscle tissue, must beat ceaselessly because the body
depends on a constant supply of ______ and nutrients that is delivered by the flowing
blood.
       A. carbon dioxide                    C. blood
       B. oxygen                            D. water

44. The spleen makes cells that fight off infection and disease. It also destroys and
removes ___________ from the bloodstream.
       A. air molecules                       C. worn out, damaged blood cells
       B. carbon dioxide                      D. blood clots

45. The diaphragm is a thin __________ below the lungs and heart that pulls air into
and pushes air out of the lungs. A hiccup is caused by an irregular, involuntary
contraction of the diaphragm.
       A. cavity                             C. nerve cell
       B. bone                               D. muscle

46. The large intestine is a tubelike organ where _____________ takes place.
       A. the first stage of digestion       C. the final process of digestion
       B. cell filtration                    D. the most important part of digestion

47. The _______ forms, stores, and expels waste matter.
       A. small intestines                 C. appendix
       B. stomach                          D. large intestines

48. The kidneys are bean shaped organs that filter blood and remove waste products.
Once the waste is removed from the blood, it combines with the body’s waste water to
create ____________.
       A. bile                             C. a bowel movement
       B. urine                            D. digestive juices

								
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