Rio de Janeiro Carnival by wQ80A9


									Rio de Janeiro Carnival

       Eva Koprivnik
• The Brazilian Carnival, properly spelled
  Carnaval, is an annual festival in Brazil held
  four days before Ash Wednesday, the day of
  fasting and repentance that marks the
  beginning of Lent.
                Rio Carnival
• Carnival in Rio de Janeiro is now considered
  one of the greatest shows on Earth.
• Rio de Janeiro is known as the cultural capital
  of Brazil and was the administrative capital
  from 1822 to 1960, when Federal Government
  moved to the new capital, Brasilia.
• The first festivals of Rio date back to 1723.
• The famous carnival parade has been going
  on since the 1930s.

• The parade starts Sunday evening and
  continues into early morning Monday of the

• In 1984 the parade finally found its
  permanent home, the Sambadrome
  ["sambódromo" in Portuguese].
• The Sambadrome is a large structure that
  was built in the downtown area.

• In the off season, the buildings of the
  Sambadrome are used as classrooms for the
  local public schools.
            Samba schools

• The carnival parade is filled with people and
  floats from various samba schools.

• A samba school can either be an actual
  school or just a collaboration of local
  neighbors that want to attend carnival.
Samba schools include:

• Imperio Serrano
• Academicos do Salgueiro
• Unidos da Tijuca
• Beija-Flor de Nilopolis
• Each school begins with the "comissão de
  frente", which is the first wing.

• The "comissão de frente" is made up of ten to
  fifteen people only.

• People have choreographic dances in fancy
  costumes that usually tell a short story.

• Following the "comissão de frente" is the first
  float of the samba school, called "abre-alas".
Important roles:
• porta-bandeira
• mestre-sala
• The porta-bandeira is a very important lady
  who is in charge of the samba school flag.
• Floatees, who are also important, are the
  people who populate the floats.
• Balls of every kind can be found in Rio
  including gala balls, balls for singles, and gay
• The gala balls are the only luxury balls that are
  still around that can be enjoyed at the
  Copacabana Palace.

• The gala balls are a luxury event which
  requires black tie or fancy costumes.

• Balls for singles are found at Copacabana
  Beach and a club called Scala.

• Gay balls are found at the Gala Gay at Scala
  and are open to everyone, especially for gays
  with alternative lifestyles.
            Street Carnival
• Street festivals are very common during
  carnival and are highly populated by the

•     One of the most well known bandas of Rio
    is Banda de Ipanema (is one of the gayest
    events of Carnival in Rio).

• Banda de Ipanema was first created in
  1965 and is known as Rio’s most irreverent
  street band.

• The most famous dance is the samba.
• Other dances include the lundu, the polka,
  and the maxixe.
• Music is another major aspect of all parts of
    Instruments of Carnival

• Before the samba gained the percussive
  style, it was played with flutes and string
• There are several types of drums within the
  ensemble including the surdos, caixas,
  repiniques, and tamborim.
• Samba parades:

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