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Bullying Bullying A

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					         Bullying

A Growing Issue in Today’s Culture
         Definition of bullying
• “A student is being bullied or victimized when
  he or she is exposed, repeatedly and over time,
  to negative actions on the part of one or more
  other students.” (Olweus, 1993b,p.9)
• Negative actions refers to intentional infliction
  of, or attempt to inflict, injury or humiliation.
• Bullying includes physical and verbal attacks,
  and possibly a mixture of the two.
           Types of bullying
• There are three types of bullying behavior.
    1.) Physical bullying - harm to another persons
  body or property.
    2.) Emotional bullying – harm to another’s self
  worth.
    3.) Social bullying – harm to another’s group
  acceptance.
  Spectrum of Bullying Behaviors
Mild -------------------- Moderate ----------------------- Severe



Pushing                Defacing Property         Bodily harm
Shoving                Stealing                  Threats with a weapon
Spitting              Ethnic slurs               Peer group isolation
Gossiping             Social rejection           Malicious rumors
Name-calling          Intimidating phone calls   Verbal threats of
Taunting              Teasing about appearance      bodily harm
Graffiti              Extortion                  Coercion
               Cyberbullying
• The term was originated by Bill Belsey and
  defined as:
      Cyberbullying involves the use of
  information and communication technologies
  such as e-mail cell phone and pager text
  messages, instant messaging, [and] defamatory
  personal Websites…to support deliberate,
  repeated, and hostile behavior by an individual
  or group that is intended to harm others.
         Types of Cyberbullying
• Text messages
• Pictures or video clips sent by cell phone or posted on
  the Internet
• Cell voice messages
• E-mail messages
• Chat-room messages
• Instant messaging
• Websites – especially blogs and social networking sites
      Who is at risk to be bullied?

• There are three general categories of at risk
  students. They are:
      1.) Appearance – over and under-weight,
  weakness, and unfashionable clothing
      2.) Social Status
      3.) Gender and sexual orientation
    Attitudes that support bullying

• Blaming the victim
• Bullying helps the victim by making them
  tougher
• It prepares students for the competitiveness of
  American society
• It is educational in that it teaches students about
  behavior that is unacceptable to the group
• The belief that aggression is best way to resolve
  social issues
            Bullying Statistics
• Approximately 1 in 6 students consider
  themselves as traumatized by bullying
• Bullying is most problematic in middle and high
  school
• Bullying most often affects students in the social
  and emotional arenas, however, it can impact
  learning
• Most bullying is verbal (cyber-bullying included)
      Warning Signs of Bullying
• Social
   Lonely, withdrawn, isolated
   Poor or no social/interpersonal skills
   No friends or few friends
   Lacks a sense of humor, uses inappropriate humor
   Teased
   Pushed around, doesn’t defend themselves
   Uses victim body language, hangs head, won’t look at
  people
Warning Signs of Bullying – con’t
• Social – con’t
    Has a noticeable difference that sets them apart from
  their peers
    Comes from a racial, cultural, ethnic, and/or religious
  background that puts them in a minority
    Prefers the company of adults during lunch and other
  free times
    Teases, pesters and irritates others, doesn’t know
  when to stop
    Suddenly starts bullying other students
Warning Signs of Bullying – con’t
• Emotional behavior
    Sudden change in mood or behavior
    Passive, timid, quiet, shy, sullen, withdrawn
    Low or no self-confidence/self-esteem
    Low or no assertiveness skills
    Overly sensitive, cautious, clingy
    Nervous, anxious, worried, fearful, insecure
    Cries easily and/or often, becomes emotionally
  distraught, s extreme mood swings
Warning Signs of Bullying – con’t
• Emotional/Behavioral – con’t
    Irritable, disruptive, aggressive, quick-
  tempered, fights back but always loses
    Blames themselves for problem/difficulties
    Overly concerned about personal safety,
  avoids places at school
    Talks about running away
    Talks about suicide
Warning Signs of Bullying – con’t
• Physical
    Frequent illness or complaints of headaches,
  stomachache, pains etc.
    Scratches, bruises, damage to clothes or
  belongings that do not have explanations
    Sudden stammer or stutter
    Has a physical disability or difference
 Warning Signs of Bulling – con’t
• Physical – con’t
   Change in eating patterns, sudden loss of
  appetite
   Clumsy, uncoordinated, poor at sports
   Physically weaker than peers
 Warning Signs of Bullying con’t
• Academic
   Sudden change in school attendance/academic
  performance
   Erratic attendance
   Loss of interest or decline in quality of school
  work/academic performance
   Academic success; appears to be teacher’s pet
Warning Signs of Bullying – con’t
• Academic – con’t
    Difficulty concentrating in class, easily distracted
   Goes to recess late and comes back early
   Has a learning disability
   Lack of interest in school-sponsored activities/events
   Drops out of school sponsored activities he or she
  enjoys
    Legal Issues Affecting Schools’
      Response to Cyberbullying
• Current U. S. law states leaves “no one legally
  accountable for injuries caused by anonymous
  postings on the internet”
• Free-speech rights have taken precedence in
  court decisions over efforts to manage
  cyberbullying
   Legal Issues Affecting Schools’
  Response to Cyberbullying – con’t
• Most recent court decisions have allowed
  schools the right to discipline students when
  their online actions, either on or off campus,
  pose a “material and substantial threat of
  disruption” (Willard, 2007, p. 14)
• In order to do this, school officials must
  determine that the episode has or could affect
  the victim’s ability to learn and to participate in
  the full range of school activities.
    Anti-bullying Strategies in MBUSD
•   Ambassador Program
•   Friendship Groups Circle of Friends
•   Kids on the Block
•   KSRHELPER
•   Peer Acceptance Lessons
•   Character Counts Champions in Character
•   “I Set the Standard” Initiative
•   Howard Glasser’s “Nurtured Heart training
    Anti-Bullying Strategies in MBUSD
                  – con’t
•   Community Service and Service Learning
•   Lunch Bunch
•   After-school social clubs
•   PTA Helping Hands Program
•   Friendship Circle
•   PACE
         Suggestions for Parents
• Ask the following questions:
   “Who’s the bully in your classroom?”
   “How do you know the person is a bully? What does
  he or she do?”
    “Who does the bully pick on the most?”
    “Does the bully ever pick on you?”
     If yes to the above question, ask “What does the bully
  say or do to you? How does that make you feel?”
  Suggestions for Parents - con’t
• Please do not:
    Confront the bully or the bully’s parents.
    Tell your child to fight.
    Blame your child.
    Promise to keep the bullying a secret.
    Suggestions for Parents – con’t
•   Contact the teacher as soon as possible.
•   Bring a written record of what your child has said.
•   Spend positive time with your child.
•   Assist your child in developing bully resistance skills:
    Stand up straight and make eye contact
            Tell joke
            Stay calm and walk away
            Run away if you feel a real threat
            Tell an adult
 Bullying Prevention Next Steps
• Adopt Board Policy on Cyberbullying
• Initiate a small sub-committee to review existing
  strategies and their implementation and
  recommend revisions as necessary
• Bullying survey for students, teachers and
  parents
• Reconvene group as a whole and present
  recommendations and data

				
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posted:5/20/2012
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