Figurative Language in “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”

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					   Jonathan
   Edwards


 “Sinners in the
Hands of an
Angry God”
• For Edwards, science, reason, and observation
  of the universe confirmed for him the existence
  of God.
• A brilliant thinker and speaker, Edwards entered
  Yale at 13 and became a minister 12 years later.
• His passionate, yet frightening, sermons helped
  to bring about The Great Awakening,
• a time when many who attended church were
  not “saved” or could testify to an emotional
  encounter with God and His grace.
• “Unregenerate” Christians
  were those who attended church and accepted
  church teachings but had not been “born again”
  by God’s grace.
• He was dismissed as
pastor in 1750 because
his sermons were too
extreme; he “called out”
those in the congregation
who were leading lives
“relapsing into sin.”
 Ironically, Edwards died
of a smallpox vaccination,
a modern medical procedure
many Puritans considered
sinful.
On the one hand, Edwards believed “in reason and
 learning, the value of independent intellect, and
 the power of the human will.”

                       VS.

“On the other hand, he believed in the lowliness of
  human beings in relation to God’s majesty and
  the ultimate futility of merely human efforts to
  achieve salvation.”

“Edwards, as ‘the last Puritan,’ stood between
  Puritan America and modern America.
  Tragically, he fit into neither world.”
  Figurative Language in

“Sinners in the Hands of an
        Angry God”


    By Jonathan Edwards
“The devil is waiting for them,
  hell is gaping for them, the
flames gather and flash about
          them…” (79).

           Imagery
“The devil is waiting for them, hell
  is gaping for them, the flames
gather and flash about them, and
 would fain lay hold on them and
     swallow them up…” (79).


          Personification
“…the fire pent up in their own
 hearts is struggling to break
          out…” (79).



        Personification
 “The bow of God’s wrath is bent,
and the arrow made ready on the
string, and justice bends the arrow
    of your heart, and strains the
            bow…” (109).
             Metaphor
“The God that holds you over the
 pit of Hell, much as one holds a
spider, or some loathsome insect
       over the fire, …” (81).

             Simile
“…you are ten thousand times more
 abominable in his eyes, than the
 most hateful venomous serpent is
           in ours” (81).


            Simile
“…it is a great furnace of wrath,
a wide and bottomless pit, full of
    the fire of wrath…” (81).

             metaphor
 “…if God should let you go, you
would immediately sink and swiftly
   descend and plunge into a
     bottomless gulf…” (80).


             Imagery
“The wrath of God is like great
waters that are damned for the
       present…” (80).
              Simile
“…if your strength were ten thousand
   times greater than it is, yea, ten
   thousand times greater that the
  strength of the stoutest, sturdiest
 devil in hell, it would be nothing to
     withstand or endure it” (80).
                Simile
“That world of misery, that lake of
 burning brimstone, is extended
    abroad under you” (80).


            Imagery/ metaphor
“Your wickedness makes you as it
    were heavy as lead” (80).

              Simile
 “…your own care and prudence,
…would have no more influence to
 uphold you and keep you out of
  Hell, than a spider’s web would
  have to stop a fallen rock” (80).

              Simile
“You have offended Him infinitely
more than ever a stubborn rebel
     did his prince…” (81).


             Simile
“…his wrath towards you burns
        like fire;” (81).


           Simile
 “…they would avail no more to
keep you from falling than the thin
   air to hold a person that is
      suspended in it” (80).

               Simile
   “It is a great furnace of wrath, a
 wide and bottomless pit, full of the
fire of wrath, that you are held over
   in the hand of that God…” (81).

          metaphor

				
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posted:5/19/2012
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