Artificial Intelligence

Document Sample
Artificial Intelligence Powered By Docstoc
					Deep Blue (white) VS Garry Kasparov (black)




      Artificial Intelligence
                    Kyle Lawson
               Historical Perspectives
                        Doc O
      Artificial Intelligence
A.I.
The study and design of intelligent agents,
where an intelligent agent is a
system/machine that recognizes its
environment and takes actions which
capitalizes on its chances of success
1956 - John McCarthy defines A.I. as
engineering of making intelligent machines
           More on A.I.
The intelligence that the machine
demonstrates
Reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning,
communication, and perception are
characteristics that a machine
portrays…hopefully
Increasing to a “strong” A.I. level
(exceeding human intelligence)
            History of A.I.
In 1956, at Dartmouth, John McCarthy, Marvin
Minsky, Allen Newell and Herbert Simon
became the founders of research in the field of
A.I.
Labs in MIT (Mass. Inst. of Tech.) CMU
(Carnegie Mellon Univ.) and Stanford
Students wrote programs that were
AAAAAAMAZING
Logistics, data mining, medical diagnosis, and
many other fields
Sci-Fi
  A.I. Is Just Fun & Games
Digital Revolution
Tamagotchis
Giga Pets
Furby
Aibo the robotic dog
Video games such as Space Invaders,
Pac-Man and even more advanced games
such as Madden and the MLB series
Madden
    Coach/Sports Analyst
    Popular football game
    for XBOX 360 and
    Playstation 3
            Deep Blue
A world famous chess playing computer
First names Chiptest, later Deep Thought.
Also Deep Junior.
Feng-hsiung Hsu and Thomas
Anantharaman at Carnegie Mellon
University.
Later, the creators joined IBM
IBM’s corporate nickname Big Blue
               Deep Blue
Born: 1985
Location: Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania
Renown: Defeating
Garry Kasparov, a
world champion
chess player
   The Greatest Match Ever!
February 10, 1996
Garry Kasparov VS.
Deep Blue
Judges scored Round 1
Deep Blue over Kasparov
This was the historical
first win
The machine may have
won the battle, but the
human won the war (4-2)
REMATCH!! VEGAS!!!
The Rematch: May 11, 1997
Winner by Unanimous Decision…
Deep Blue, heavily upgraded since the
first match, prevailed over the world
champion, Garry Kasparov, winning in the
sixth game: 3.5 games to 2.5.
Kasparov made a remarkable blunder for
a world champion that would end the
game. Kasparov resigned after Deep
Blue's move #19 of P-QB4 (c4 in algebraic
notation).
       A Human Mistake
Kasparov accused the machine of
cheating…typical right?
IBM declined another rematch and
decided to retire Deep Blue.
Remarkable!!!!
   For The Computer Geeks
30-node, RS/6000, SP-based computer system
enhanced with 480 special purpose VLSI chess
chips
Chess playing program written in C and ran
under the AIX operating system
Capable of evaluating 200 million positions per
second! Twice as fast as the 1996 version
June 1997, Deep Blue was the 259th most
powerful supercomputer, capable of calculating
11.38 gigaflops. This did not take into account
Deep Blue's special-purpose hardware for chess
           Mathematics
Game Theory-economics/interactions
between agents
Decision Theory-discrete math/human
decision making
Control Theory-dynamical systems
Mathematical language
In computers: IPL, Lisp, STRIPS, Planner
Stanford Research Institute Problem
Solver
           Technology
Calculators
Computers/typewriters
Medical field (EMR software)
Nike iPod
U.S. Air Force (Boeing Phantom)
         Change is Good
We cannot be afraid of A.I. and the
advances in technology
Preparation for this adjustment is needed
to succeed in this ever changing world
We also must be willing to learn about the
innovations of change…especially the
parents!!
        In Conclusion…
John McCarthy
Deep Blue
Toys/Games
Films, TV shows, novels
Advancements in technology/mathematics
Life
Intriguing
Questions?
               References
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_Deep_Blue
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_intelligence
http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://w
ww.math.sc.edu/~sumner/deepblue/DeepBlue62
.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.math.sc.edu/~sumner/
deepblue/DeepBlue6.html&h=339&w=338&sz=2
8&hl=en&start=99&um=1&tbnid=dbVKaoHI8xhM
DM:&tbnh=119&tbnw=119&prev=

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:14
posted:5/19/2012
language:
pages:20