As a result of this lesson, the student will be able to:
•Locate India on a world map
•Identify India’s flag
•Explain why the Taj Mahal was built
•Compare several Indian customs to American customs
•Given a selection of animals, choose those native to India
•Express himself/herself through Indian art
Bananas Paint (different colors)
Oranges Mural paper
Salt 6-8 dictionaries
Sugar Shape patterns to trace
Plain yogurt (triangles, circles, etc.
Plastic cups made from cardboard)
Large play area is needed
To find India on a world map:
1. Locate Asia.
On this map,
2. India is a large country in southern Asia.
what color is
3. India has a long “tale” that sticks out into
the Indian Ocean. ORANGE
Location: South Asia
Capital of India: New Delhi
Official Language: Hindi
(34 rupees = 1 dollar)
How many rupees would I have
if I had 4 dollars?
India is a large country in southern Asia. It is separated
from the rest of Asia by the Himalayan Mountains.
Because it is so big and cut off from the rest of the
continent, it is called a subcontinent. To the south of India
is the Indian Ocean.
India is the seventh largest country in the world. It has
deserts, jungles, mountains, forests, and farms.
The major rivers are the Indus River and the Ganges
River. Big cities include New Delhi, Calcutta, Bombay,
India has half as many states as the U.S. has. How many states are in India?
Exports: tea, clothing, jewelry, iron ore, leather
Imports: food, gems, iron and steel, chemicals
Main crops: rice, wheat, tea, sugar cane, spices
What are imports and exports?
Do we grow the same crops in Ohio?
Which of these goods do we use in Ohio?
The top stripe is dark gold, the middle stripe is
white, and the bottom stripe is green. The blue
wheel in the middle is the Wheel of Life.
December to March ~~~~ Cold
April to May ~~~~ Very hot (Often over 100 degrees)
June to September ~~~~ Monsoon season
October to November ~~~ less rain
Monsoons are huge rain storms that come
in from the Indian Ocean. They bring
enough rain to supply water for the whole
year. These storms have strong winds.
They can flood and destroy farms and
houses. Some have even killed people.
Are there storms like these in the United
Long ago, India was ruled by Mogul
emperors. Then the empire fell
apart into smaller kingdoms, ruled
By the 1600’s, Europeans had come
into India to trade for Indian spices,
silks, cotton cloth, and tea.
In 1857, the British took control of
India and ruled there until 1947.
One very important man, Mohandas
Gandhi helped India gain
Gandhi practiced civil disobedience.
That means that he would not do
what the British wanted, but he was
At about the same time
the pilgrims were landing
at Plymouth Rock, the
Taj Mahal was built.
That was almost 400
It took over ten years to
build. More than twenty
thousand people and one
helped build it.
. . .but why was it built?
The Taj Mahal is in Agra
near the capital of India.
What is the capital of
Shah Jahan was the emperor of India from 1628 to 1658. He deeply
loved his wife Mumtaz Mahal. She died in 1631 when she was giving
birth to their fourteenth child.
The emperor was so heartbroken that he decided to build a massive
tomb in honor of their love. The two of them were buried together
inside the Taj Mahal.
Since Shah Jahan loved his wife so much, he used only the finest
marble. He also made sure that beautiful gems decorated her tomb.
The Taj Mahal is one of the wonders of the world.
It is also a great tribute to love.
Make up your own legend explaining why someone
would have a building like the Taj Mahal
In India, the popular sport is cricket.
The game of cricket is played with a batsman, a wicket keeper, a
bowler, and fielders.
The bowler rolls the ball toward the batsman. The wicket keeper
stands behind the batsman. The batsman hits the ball with a bat
and runs back and forth between the bowler and the wicket
keeper to score runs. The fielders try to catch the ball to get the
What sport or sports does this
What are the similarities
between this game and games we
The Hindu New Year falls in
October or November of
It is called Diwali, the
Festival of Lights.
For Diwali, people get
dressed up in new clothes,
send cards to friends and
family, and give out presents.
Since it is the Festival of
Lights, fireworks light up the
What American Holidays are
celebrated like Diwali?
What building is in the picture?
We love to watch movies in America.
Hollywood is the biggest producer of
films in the world, right?
WRONG! India produces about eight
hundred movies a year. That’s even
more than Hollywood. Indian families
love to go to the movies just as much as
Can you think of American movies or
television shows that you have seen with
Indian actors or actresses in them?
What kinds of animals do you think you
would find in India?
Below is a list of animals that can be
found in India:
Tigers (National animal)
Peacocks (National bird)
Did any surprise you?
Many women in India wear beautiful saris.
Their clothing is brightly colored. For
special events, women wear saris with gold
embroidery and sequins.
Men usually wear dhotis. They are loose
pants, similar to pajamas. In big cities, men
wear American style clothing.
Children wear jeans, T-shirts, and skirts at
home. They usually have uniforms for
Indian women love to wear jewelry. They
wear earrings, nose rings, bangles
(bracelets), anklets, rings, necklaces, and
even jewelry in their hair!
Can you think of anything that we have in the U.S. that came from India?
Meditation exercises; you can take these classes at the YMCA
Hindi phrase meaning loose trousers
Game of skill played on a checkerboard with moveable pieces
Expensive sweaters made from goat hair in a region of India
This digit means nothing, but can greatly change the value of a number
when added onto the end of a number
A brand of clothing; also a game played while riding horses
You may or may not know these other Indian words. In
your groups, discuss what you think these words mean. If
you don’t know what they are, look them up! Each group
will explain to the class the meaning of one of these words,
so make sure you know what they all mean!
We will make KELA AUR SANTRA KI LASSI
(Banana and Orange Shake):
2 teaspoons sugar 2 large bananas, peeled
½ teaspoon salt and sliced
2 small containers 2 large oranges, peeled
of plain yogurt and segmented
Mix the sugar, salt, and yogurt together.
Add the bananas and oranges, and stir until
everything is well mixed. Serve chilled.
Recipe from India: One Nation, Many Traditions by Megan Cifarelli
Which of the following animals can be found in India?
Answers will follow.
India has tigers, lions, elephants, and rhinoceroses.
Where would you find a dolphin, penguin, panda bear, and kangaroo?
Many Indian children play Kabaddi, which is a game similar to tag.
There is no equipment. You just need four or more people to play.
HERE’S HOW TO PLAY:
1. Divide players into two equal teams. Each team is on opposite sides
of the playing area. Whichever team starts has to pick a player to run to
the other team’s side.
2. The runner takes a deep breath. The runner tries to tag the other
team’s players without taking another breath. The runner has to keep
saying “kabaddi-kabaddi” so he/she can’t take another breath.
3. The other players try not to get tagged. Those who get tagged try to
catch the runner before he/she runs back to his/her side.
4. If the runner does not make it back to his/her side without taking a
breath, the runner is out. If the runner doesmakes it back without
taking a breath, then the players who got tagged are out.
5. Teams take turns sending runners. The team with the most players
Rangoli is the traditional art of decorating walls and courtyards with
designs. Indian women make a paste out of flour and color it with crushed
flowers and spices. They often compete to make the best designs.
We will make Rangoli designs using paint and
1. Each group will start with a basic design
made of shapes.
2. You will keep using that design to make a
bigger design to fill your mural paper.
3. You may use any colors available and any
design made of shapes. There are patterns
of triangles, circles, rectangles, squares
that you may trace if you want.
4. Make sure everyone in your group takes
part in the mural in some way.
5. We will display the murals in the room.
Countries of the World: India by Sunandini Arora Lal
Lots of detailed information, Indian glossary, and nice color photos
Count Your Way through India by Jim Haskins Learn
the Hindi numbers from 1 to 10, useful info on India
India: One Nation, Many Traditions by Megan Cifarell
Colorful photos and detailed information
I is for India by Prodeepta Das
Beautiful photographs and interesting information
The Children of India by Jules Hermes
Beautiful photographs, focuses on Indian children and their daily lives
BIB LI OGRAPHY
Pitara for Kids - http:www.pitara.com
This site contains books, stories, folk tales, and activities for children.
We Are India - http://weareindia.com/
This site contains photos and other links on culture, traditions, and art.
Welcome to India - http://www.welcometoindia.com/culture
This site contains info on culture, music, food, travel and more.
History of India - http://www.historyofindia.com/home.html
This site covers ancient, medieval, British, and modern history.
India for Kids – Snaith Primary School
This site shows a slideshow trip to India for children ages 7-9. With lots
of great links, photos, stories, and activities, this site is highly
Chantal Boulanger: Indian saris-research
This site has photos of saris and other Indian clothing. It also has
Really Cookin’ Recipes for Kids
site has Indian recipes for children to make.
Experience India - http://www.vijnanakalavedi.org/
This site tells about different Indian art, music, and dance. It also
contains great photographs, video clips, and music clips.
This site has kids’ games, learning activities, tunes, tales, and more.
What did you learn about India?
What part did you like the best? Why?
What will you tell your friends about?
What will you tell your family about?
What country would you like to learn more about?
This presentation is dedicated to my father, Upendra Patel, who was born and raised in
India, and to Master Seth, my new son, whose name means Boss in Gujarati.