WORLD WAR II
• Came to power in post
• Blamed German
economic problems and
Germany’s loss of WWI
on the Jews
• Was in fact raised by his
who was Jewish
• Was psychologically and
• Hitler became the leader of the NSDAP
Germans workers party or Nazi party in
• In Munich in 1923 Hitler was arrested in
the uprising called the “Beer Hall
• Was found guilty of treason and
sentenced to 10 years in prison, Hitler
served just over a year. While in Prison
Hitler wrote his book “Mein Kampf” My
Hitler wrote his
book while he
He served about
20 months of a
10 year sentence.
Hitler in power
• In his book, Hitler outlined Germany’s problems.
The Jews were at the root of Germany’s problems
according to Hitler.
• Strong Anti-Semitism and nationalism along with
the “Darwinism” idea of the survival of the fittest
gave Hitler the idea that Germany needed
“Lebensraum” or living space.
• To get living space, Germany needed to eliminate
the Jews in eastern Europe.
• Came to power in 1924
• Was a WWI veteran.
• Organized what became
known as the Fascist party
which relies on
• Was known as “Il Duce”
which means the leader.
• Was came to power in
Spain in the early 30’s.
• Became allied with
Mussolini and Hitler.
• Got help during Spanish
Civil war from Germany
• Was member of Fascist
• Came to power in the
Soviet Union after the
death of Lenin.
• Was one of original
culprits who overthrew
the Government in the
• Had over 20 million
people killed in the
years after WWII
ROME BERLIN AXIS FORMED 1936
Germany’s first move was to
occupy the Rhineland in 1936
Hitler's next move came in 1938 as
Germany took over the western part of
Czechoslovakia shown in gold this area was
known as the Sudetenland. in what became
known as the “policy of appeasement” “…peace in
English Prime Minister Neville
Chamberlain gives in to Hitler's demands. Chamberlain
Hitler's next move was to occupy
Austria in 1938. Hitler moved
troops into Vienna and told the
Austrian President to step down
and be annexed or we’ll start
shooting. Germany annexed Austria
without firing a shot.
HITLER OCCUPIES THE
• In 1939 Hitler takes over the rest of
• Hitler has taken over the Rhineland, the
Sudetenland, Austria, and Czechoslovakia, all
without firing a shot and all without
resistance except for notes of protest from
England and France.
• Hitler shocks the world
as he and Joseph Stalin
sign a non aggression
treaty in 1939.
• In reality this was a
way for Hitler to buy
time for his eventual
attack of the Soviet
Union. And the
dividing of Poland.
Hitler unleashes his new style of
warfare that is characterized by
three waves of attack.
•Stuka dive bombers
•Panzer tank divisions
World War II begins as
Poland Sep.1st 1939
Hitlers flunkies were Joseph Goebbles the propaganda chief
Irwin Rommel Hitler’s best general
Heinrich Himmler the Shutzsaffel chief. (SS)
Herman Goering the leader of Germany’s Air Force Luftwaffe
• Hitler makes some very costly mistakes during
the war, they are as follows:
– Failing to finish off the allies at Dunkirk
– Starting up with the Russians and creating a second
– Not utilizing the jet aircraft.
– Replacing strategy with obsession and vengeance
– Sleeping in late
• Sept. 1 1939 WWII begins
• 1941 Barbarossa (Germany invades USSR)
• 1942 Torch (allied invasion of N. Africa)
• 1942-43 allies invade Italy, Russians drive back
• June 6, 1944 Overlord (allies invade Normandy
• April 30 1945 Hitler commits suicide
• May 8 1945 German surrenders to allies
As the Germans swept through Europe they had the
English pinned up against the English Channel, rather than
giving the English the knock out punch and perhaps
finishing them off, he foolishly calls off the attack and this
gives the English time to regroup and retreat across the
channel into England……..France has already fallen and is
in German control 1940.
BRITAIN 1940 This battle was in
the skies over
the RAF and the
Centers for industry
“…..never have so many
owed so much to so few…..”
Luftwaffe Messerschmitt 109
RAF Spitfire Luftwaffe Stuka
Barbarossa was Germany’s attack of the Soviet Union in 1941 Germany got
dangerously close to the key cities of Stalingrad Moscow and Leningrad. This also was
one of Hitler’s greatest mistakes as Germany attacked too close to winter and her
supply lines were too long.
• Special SS units
followed the invading
armies into conquered
areas and rounded up
and executed Poles
Slavs and Gypsies,
while Jews were send
to death camps
• TORCH 1942 Allied
invasion of North Africa.
This was the allied effort to
gain a foothold and be able to
attack Italy from. It was
decided that Italy was the soft
underbelly and that the allies
would have to go through
Italy to get to Germany.
• U.S. General Patton and
British General Montgomery
teamed up to defeat the desert
fox, German General Rommel
(North Africa) 1942
Allies try to gain a
staging ground to
Major victory for the allies came at “El Alamein”this gave the allies the
needed foothold to start the Italian Campaign from. It also gave the
Russians some relief as Germany had to pull some men out of the
Eastern front and send them to prepare for the coming invasion of Italy.
The tide of war shifts in the East. The freezing bitter winter in Russia along
with desperate defenders of the cities held off the Germans, and the Russians
counter-attacked the Germans. The Americans and English were now making
advancements in North Africa.
Europe in 1942
and into 1943
Europe in 1942 saw the Russian closing in from the East and the Americans and
English working Northward up the Italian peninsula. Germany was involved in a
two front war and was about to get into a three front war as soon as the allies
invaded France in the D-Day invasion of 1944.
June 6th 1944 the allies turned
the tide of war for good in
favor of the allies. Operation
Overlord was successful as
hundreds of thousands men
landed on the French coast
and began the liberation.
Now Germany was facing a
three front war and was
slowly was about to lose the
D-Day Invasion ‘44
DISCOVERING THE UN-
• The larger of the
were outfitted with
furnaces or ovens so
that the Germans could
hide the fact that they
had been exterminating
the Jews on a massive
Zyklon B gas
• The Germans used
blue chalky pellets of
zyklon b gas which is
a form of cyanide.
• It was put into vents
in the so called
• Each of the five crematoria at Auschwitz/Birkenau
consisted of three elements — dressing room, gas
chamber, and cremation facility. The prisoners were
told to undress in a room that could hold 1,000 people.
They were then herded into the underground
"bathroom." A sign on the doorway read, Cleanliness
Brings Freedom! Fake shower heads were fitted on the
ceiling. Approximately 2,000 victims were contained at
any one time in each of the four gas chambers in
Birkenau. After the doors had been sealed shut, the
chalky pellets of Zyklon B were poured into the
chamber through special vents in the roof. Within 15-
20 minutes, the trapped victims were dead.
Crematorium II at Birkenau had fifteen ovens, which
were capable of burning 45 to 75 corpses at once —
over 1,000 bodies a day.
• In 1943, the infamous Dr. Josef Mengele became the chief
physician of Birkenau. Children were subjected to brutal
and inhumane experimentation. He expanded his
experimentation to include twins, dwarfs, and others
with physical abnormalities. Most of his "tests" were
performed on victims who were still alive; almost all of
these experiments were painful and traumatic.
By 1944-45 the war is lost for Germany, with the
allies closing in from three sides, it is a matter of
time till Hitler and others take their lives.
THE END OF THE
• On April the 30th Hitler marries
his mistress Eva Braun in their
Berlin bunker and commit
• On May the 8th the allies
celebrate VE day. Victory in
German Propaganda Posters