Norms & Values by c2e7V2

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									        Norms & Values
  Examine the essential features of culture
       Describe both norms and values
Discuss rewards and punishments for breaking
                   norms
             Norms
• Rules for appropriate behavior
• Standing in lines is a norm/ what if
  someone cuts in line?
• Folkways/Mores/Laws

• Pg 82
              Folkways
• Rules that cover customary ways of thinking
  and feeling w/o moral overtones
• Picking your nose
• Wearing two different color socks
                Mores
• Norms w/ great moral significance
  –   Vital to society
  –   Strong, capable men should work
  –   Cursing in church
  –   Standing for national anthem
• Taboo
  – Strong norm where violation demands
    punishment
      • Incest or the “Mother-in-Law”… Watch
        Out!!!
              Laws
• Norms formally defined and enforced
• Smoking on planes, littering , tickets
           Enforcing Rules
• Sanctions- rewards & punishment to
  encourage conformity to norms
• Formal Sanctions: given only by officials such
  as judge
  – Positive: medal of honor for soldier
  – Negative: jail time
• Informal Sanctions: given by anyone in
  society
  – Positive: saying thank you
  – Negative: staring at someone who talks
            Values
• Broad ideas society considers
  desirable
• Influence social behavior
• Democracies favor personal freedom
             Homework
• Pg 91 #1

								
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