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TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU index Málaga, Sun and Culture . ÁLORA page 5 . ANTEQUERA page 14 . ARCHIDONA page 32 . BENALMÁDENA page 43 . COÍN page 56 . ESTEPONA page 71 . FRIGILIANA page 83 . FUENGIROLA page 94 . MÁLAGA page 110 . MARBELLA page 164 . MIJAS page 190 . MONTEJAQUE page 204 . NERJA page 210 . RINCÓN DE LA VICTORIA page 224 Graphic design: Conmunica Mediatrader COSTA DEL SOL TOURIST BOARD . RONDA page 236 Editing: IT Department at the Tourist Board Plaza del Siglo, 2 and Conmunica Mediatrader 29015 Malaga . TORREMOLINOS page 260 www.visitcostadelsol.com Telephone: (+34) 952 12 62 72 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org . TORROX page 277 Website: www.visitcostadelsol.com . VÉLEZ MÁLAGA page 288 2 3 TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU index. Álora Málaga, Sun and Culture . CULTURAL CENTRES Álora House of Culture page 6 . THEATRES Cervantes Theatre page 7 Álora . 4 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 5 á LORA HOUSE OF CULTURE Álora c ERVANTES THEATRE Álora USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Avda. Cervantes, s/n Address: C/ Carmona, s/n 29500 Álora 29200 Álora Tel.: (+34) 952 496 660 Tel.: (+34) 952 496 660 (Casa de la Cultura) E-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com The building has three floors. The Open since April 2005, the theatre is Álora House of Culture Hogar del Pensionista (Pensioner's Home), the located in a modern building, and is fit to offer TV and the rehabilitation rooms are located on different types of shows: theatre plays, ballet the ground floor. The Tomás García Municipal performances, classical music concerts, talks, Cervantes Theatre Library, the Municipal Archive, and the and more. It is part of the cultural programmes of auditorium, on the first floor. On the third floor are the Government of Andalusia. The theatre the local departments for Culture and Tourism, capacity is 404. Fiestas and Youth, two exhibition rooms that shows artworks coming from the provincial government, workshops, art groups and paintings participating in the Álora Painting Competition, . . which enjoys high prestige in Spain. The House of Culture was established in 1986, and its construction was funded by Tomás García. Álora Álora . . 6 Málaga, Sun and Culture Álora Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 7 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU The district of Álora combines all the Álora features that appear throughout the province. It's the fortress located on the Cerro Las Torres mount, whose defensive structures are the located in the heart of Málaga, where the most typical constructions of the Visigoths. diverse landscapes come together, ranging from USEFUL INFORMATION such impressive high mountains as the Sierra de The Muslim invasion was quite peaceful, since Huma (1,191 m) to the lowlands on the banks of local people were allowed to keep their religion the River Guadalhorce, and the imposing and customs in exchange for paying the taxes Surface area: 103 km2. Desfiladero de los Gaitanes gorge, which is collected by the invaders. The most significant Population: About 15,000. without a doubt one of the most striking events of this era were closely linked to the Name given to the local people: Aloreños or geographical features to be found in Spain. rebellion of Umar ibn Hafsun, whose stronghold, Perotes. Bobastro, is very close to Álora. Location: In the northeast of the Guadalhorce In keeping with this diversity, there is Valley, 40 km from Málaga City and 78 km from considerable variability among crops and forests The Christians besieged the city on numerous Ronda. The village is some 200 m above sea within the district boundaries, so that while in the occasions. Spanish Kings Alfonso XI, John II level. Average annual rainfall is 580 l/m2, and Guadalhorce Valley, citrus and fruit trees and Henry IV successively attempted to take the average temperature is 16.6 º C. abound, olive and almond groves and brush Álora so as to leave clear the road towards What to see: Castle, Church of La Encarnación lands are typical of the area of the Mountains of Málaga, but it was not until 10 June 1484 that (Incarnation), Convent of La Virgen de las Flores, Málaga, while pines and the occasional remnant the Catholic Monarchs' troops finally took the Chapel of Veracruz, Desfiladero de los Gaitanes gorge. of old holm oak groves cover the lands closest to town after a nine-day battle. Tourist Information: the adjoining region of Antequera. Rafael Lería Municipal Museum. Throughout the sixteenth century, the village Plaza Baja de la Despedía, s/n (29500). Human settlement in this region dates back to experienced a notable economic boom, and Tel.: (+34) 952 495 577. prehistory, judging from traces found at Hoyo del Álora definitely separated from the district of Town Hall. Conde, and the passage of Turdetan's people Málaga in the following century, as states an Plaza de Fuente Arriba, 15 (29500). and Phoenicians has been proved. The latter, accord signed by Philip IV in 1628. Tel.: (+34) 952 496 100. the most notable traders and sailors of the Fax: (+34) 952 497 000. ancient world, left their mark in Álora, especially HOW TO GET THERE on the Iberian native peoples, who founded a Take expressway A-357 from Málaga City and village named Iluro, in Cerro de las Torres. then the A-343. You will go past Pizarra and arrive at Álora 6 kilometres farther along. The district achieved great splendour under Roman rule, and some remnants have made it WHAT TO SEE possible to reconstruct the history of that period, The Álora castle was an Iberian and Roman such as the “miliario” (milestone) on which the citadel, and was modified through the centuries. phrase "Municipium Iluritanum" can be read, and It was strategically built on one of the hills on dated 79 A.D. We can claim, thus, that Álora was whose slopes the village houses huddle. Two a Roman settlement ruled by Roman law in the towers and a pointed horseshoe arch have times of Domitian. remained. The cemetery is inside the premises. Álora Álora The Vandals took over Iluro in the fifth century. The Parish Church of Nuestra Señora de la Ruins from this period have been preserved at Concepción (Our Lady of the Immaculate . . 8 Málaga, Sun and Culture Álora Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 9 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Conception) is the third largest church in the province of Málaga. Construction began on it in The Rafael Lería Museum is in the site known as 1600 and the work was completed a century later, Escuela de Cristo or School of Christ, adjoining in 1699. It consists of three naves separated by the Parish Church of Nuestra Señora de la sturdy Tuscan columns. In the Gospel side (left) is Encarnación (Our Lady of the Incarnation). It's a a small chapel from the eighteenth century that Mudéjar building from the sixteenth century, houses the Virgin of the Rosary. A figure of St. maybe the chapel of the San Sebastián Francis of Assisi by Málaga-born sculptor Adrián Hospital, which no longer exists. Some time Risueño stands out in the church's art collection. later, the site was the headquarters of the Order The exterior is very austere, with its three-level of the School of Christ. The museum has tower with dressed pillars. archaeological and historic objects showing visitors boards and videos on the history of The Convent of Nuestra Señora de las Flores is Álora, from its foundation to the present day. about 2 kilometres from the village. It was built in the seventeenth century and underwent different FIESTAS renovation stages in the eighteenth century. A Holy Week in Álora ranks as the most popular seventeenth-century polychrome wooden carving festivity not just among locals but also among of St. Francis of Assisi and an image of the Virgin many visitors who flock to the village to witness of the Flowers, the patroness of Álora, are the two the ceremony known as La Despedía (Farewell), most interesting objects contained in this simple which has been designated a Fiesta of Tourist church, which is also notable for its main chapel, Interest in Andalusia and in the province. a Baroque work that is representative of the plasterwork typical of Málaga. On Maundy Thursday, two of this village's most distinguished cofradías or fraternities, Jesús The most remarkable thing about the Veracruz Nazareno and La Dolorosa, perform a moving Chapel is its graceful belfry. Apart from that, it is a encounter in the town square. The images simple sixteenth-century structure, with a carried by the two groups greet each other from strangely irregular floor plan, which has lost its their magnificent thrones, whose bearers must original aspect due to the modifications that were carry out the complicated manoeuvre of bowing carried out on it in the late nineteenth and early them, as in a greeting, and seeing that twentieth centuries. everything turns out as the villagers expect. The music and the acclamations from the crowd add The old quarter of the village might be considered a festive note to the celebration. as a monument as well. It has developed down the slopes of the hill on which the castle stands. The patron saint fiestas in honour of St Paulinus The name of the Molino del Bachiller mill derives are held in early June with various popular from the name of its first owner, Bachiller Gonzalo activities and a livestock fair. The local fair takes Pérez de Mayorgas, a relevant figure in Álora in place in early August with a programme for all the sixteenth century, when the oil mill was set up. tastes, but the contest for sopa perota, a local Álora Álora A century later it passed down to the chaplaincies soup, will attract the visitors' attention. Another until the Mendizábal confiscation took place. very popular fiesta is the pilgrimage to the . . 10 Málaga, Sun and Culture Álora Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 11 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Nuestra Señora de las Flores convent, on the first unique among the many original sights offered is awe-inspiring, and on several occasions has Sunday after 8 September. by the province of Málaga. After leaving the been used for shooting films on location. area of the reservoirs that supply water to part Flamenco tradition has very deep roots in Álora, of the province, the River Guadalhorce flows Caminito del Rey (meaning "King's Little Road," so a Cante Grande Festival (focusing on for 3 kilometres through a narrow canyon that so called after Alfonso XIII and his visit to the traditional flamenco singing) is staged in July to in some places is no more than 10 metres Conde de Guadalhorce reservoir in 1921), a promote and encourage the emergence of local wide. This would be only natural if the walls of narrow wood and iron bridge suspended 100 m artists. It should be noted that flamenco students this gorge, which are almost completely high affords a view of this unique geographical consider Álora to be the birthplace of the cante upright, did not rise several hundred metres feature. Currently, it is being restored and is por malagueña (traditional song). high. This natural wonder is as surprising as it therefore closed to the public. FOOD To some extent the fame gained by sopa perota has overshadowed the variety of foods in this region, based on the excellent products of its fertile farmlands. The recipe for making sopa perota seems simple at first sight, since its ingredients are fried tomato sauce mixed with water and pieces of bread. Usually, it is eaten with whatever fruits are in season (grapes, prickly pears, oranges and even cucumbers and raw onions). The difficult part is achieving the right proportion and the distinctive taste of this dish. Salmorejo (a chilled soup containing vinegar, olive oil and pepper), migas (a dish made from fried bread crumbs), gachas (flour and seasonings), majillo de espárragos (a chilled soup with asparagus) and such pastries as empanadillas de polvo de batata (sweet potato pies) and roscos de puerta de horno (a kind of donut), along with pork products, complete the traditional foods of Álora. We must not forget the bolos, a kind of scrambled egg dish prepared with leftovers from the sopa perota, a little olive oil and onions. NATURE The natural area of Desfiladero de los Álora Álora Gaitanes gorge, which extends through the lands of Álora, Ardales and Antequera is . . 12 Málaga, Sun and Culture Álora Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 13 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU index. Antequera Málaga, Sun and Culture . CINEMAS Cinemasur La Verónica page 16 . THEATRES Pedro Espinosa Institute page 17 El Torcal Municipal Theatre page 18 . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS Antequera House of Culture page 19 Casaborne Art Gallery page 20 Antequera Unicaja Exhibition Hall page 21 Antequera . 14 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 15 c INESUR LA VERÓNICA Antequera p EDRO ESPINOSA INSTITUTE Antequera USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: La Verónica Shopping Centre Address: C/ General Ríos Ctra. de Sevilla, A-343, Km. 6.5 Tel.: (+34) 952 841 088 Tel.: (+34) 952 706 030 / 902 504 150 (only from Spain) Website: www.cinesur.com DESCRIPTION SERVICES Air conditioning The Pedro Espinosa Theatre Pedro Espinosa Institute operates in a site built in 1963. It has been Number of screens: 8 Disabled access Cinesur La Verónica renovated recently, the facilities having been Total audience capacity: 1,270 Parking improved and the stage, enlarged. It features 380 Buffet seats, patio and amphitheatre. All types of cultural Cyber cafe events are held in the institute -film shows, Advance ticket sales theatre plays, conferences, concerts… Morning show Numbered seats Late show Childcare area . . Audience Day Student card Youth card Discount to people over 65 Venue hire Audience Day: Wednesday Antequera Antequera Tiered seats Ticket sales by phone Online sales . . 16 Málaga, Sun and Culture Antequera Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 17 www.visitcostadelsol.com e L TORCAL MUNICIPAL THEATRE Antequera a NTEQUERA HOUSE OF CULTURE Antequera USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Ramón y Cajal, 8 Address: C/ Carreteros, 10 Tel.: (+34) 952 841 196 29200 Antequera Tel.: (+34) 952 704 052 El Torcal Municipal Theatre Antequera House of Culture The theatre was built between 1933 The Culture Municipal Foundation is and 1934 by architect Antonio Sánchez Esteve in working in a remarkable building in central the Art Deco style, which can be observed in the Antequera. It plans hundreds of leisure activities architectural design as well as in the interior and cultural events: exhibitions, concerts, theatre décor, which features sleek geometric lines, seasons, workshops for children and unvaried repetition, symmetry, lateral projecting adolescents, cinema seasons, and more. bodies, and parallel horizontal trims. The Antequera House of Culture offers ballet, musical and theatrical performances. . . Antequera Antequera . . 18 Málaga, Sun and Culture Antequera Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 19 www.visitcostadelsol.com c ASABORNE ART GALLERY Antequera a NTEQUERA UNICAJA EXHIBITION HALL Antequera USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Callejón de la Gloria, 1 Address: C/ Ramón y Cajal, 2 29200 Antequera 29200 Antequera Tel.: (+34) 952 846 380 Tel.: (+34) 952 138 615 (Francisco Cañada) Fax: (+34) 952 706 203 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Antequera Unicaja Exhibition Hall This is a cultural space that makes The exhibition hall is located in the known the works of contemporary artists and all busiest area in town. It promotes young artists, Casaborne Art Gallery kinds of objects art can produce. Casaborne is mainly from Antequera. proud to be a forum gathering different opinions, and offering music, books, videos, photos, It is the oldest exhibition hall in Antequera. It was painters, musicians and passers by. the former studio where Cristóbal Toral used to work. Open Mon - Fri, from 7:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. . . Antequera Antequera . . 20 Málaga, Sun and Culture Antequera Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 21 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU The very first thing your eye beholds as you Antequera start down your way towards the Antequera the eighth century. Many traces of the Roman era have remained both in Antequera proper and plains on the N-331 (A-45) expressway is a in the nearby towns of Arastepi and Singilia USEFUL INFORMATION broad meadowland like an immense tapestry of Barba, among the most important of Roman Málaga. Surface area: 810 km2. different shades of green or ochre, depending on Population: About 43,000. the season. To the right, the evocative Peña de Bathhouses, villas, sculptures, ceramics, Name given to the local people: Antequeranos los Enamorados (Lovers' Rock) with its legend mosaics, and column shafts and capitals from Location: The town of Antequera is located in of a doomed romance; straight ahead, gentle the Roman period have been turning up the centre of the region that bears its name, in hills hem in the meadows, and to the left, below throughout the district. They are evidences of the north of the Málaga province, about 45 km the crest of the El Torcal, Christian towers and Antequera's ancient splendour. from Málaga City. It is 577 m above sea level, Arab walls rise from the brilliantly white town. and its average annual rainfall barely exceeds The Arabs extended and strengthened the town, 550 l/m2, while the average temperature is Were it not so big, the landscape could be taken building the Alcazaba fort and surrounding the approximately 15.3º C. as gigantic trompe l'oeil made by an ingenious Medina with a wall. Antequera became a What to see: Renaissance fountain, Collegiate artist. However, this dazzlingly panoramic initial strategic site after the capture of Seville and Church of San Sebastián, Convent of La view does not fully reveal the treasure made up Jaén by the Christians who, led by Infante Don Encarnación (Incarnation), City Museum at the of the monumental sites of Antequera, where Fernando, finally seized Antequera in 1410. Nájera Palace, Convent of San José, Convent every corner reverberates with a thousand-year- Museum of the Discalced Carmelite Order, Palace of old Mediterranean culture forged by all the After being granted many prerogatives by the the Marquises of the Peña de los Enamorados, western civilisations. King, Antequera entered an upward trend Convent of La Victoria, Convent of Santa Eufemia, period, finding its peak in the second half of the Church of Santiago (St James), Convent of Belén The first settlers in this region left significant sixteenth century and remaining a wealthy (Bethlehem), Puerta de Granada (Granada Gate), archaeological remnants : the dolmens of Viera, district until the eighteenth century. During this dolmens at Menga and Viera, Convent of San Zoilo, Menga and Romeral, gigantic burial structures long period, the town was enriched with an Church of El Carmen, Royal Collegiate Church of erected in the Bronze Age. Although there is no extraordinary artistic heritage -churches and Santa María la Mayor (Greater St Mary), Arco de los abundant information on the issue, it has been convents, and outstanding secular monuments- Gigantes (Arch of Giants), Alcazaba (fortress), Torre claimed that the region has been populated that has remained magnificent in Antequera's del Homenaje (Homage Tower), Puerta de Málaga even since prehistoric times, principally because historic old quarter. (Málaga Gate), Portico and Gallery of the Virgen del it's located in the centre of Andalusia -the natural Socorro (Our Lady of Succour), Church of Santa crossroads between upper and lower Andalusia, An epidemic of yellow fever and the Napoleonic María de Jesús (St Mary of Jesus), Church of San making it possible for Iberians, people from invasion decimated the local population at the Juan Bautista (St John the Baptist), Palace of the Tartessos, Phoenicians and Carthaginians to beginning of the nineteenth century. With the Marquises of Escalonías, Church of Santo Domingo, pass through and settle here. Traces of the passage of time, a thriving textile industry was Bullring, City Bullfighting Museum, Convent of San latter, in fact, have been found at Cerro León, born, and with it, a solid bourgeoisie that gave Agustín (St Augustine), Town Hall, among others. the apparent battlefield in which Hasdrubal's new life to the local economy and society. This Tourist Information: Carthaginians and the Roman legions clash took place. powerful industrial sector was to succumb in Pza. de San Sebastián, 7 (29200). the twentieth century and it was not until many Tel.: (+34) 952 702 505. It is to the Romans that the city owes its present- decades later that the town, linked by a good Antequera Antequera Fax: (+34) 952 702 505. day name, which derives from Antikaria, also transport network with the rest of E-mail: email@example.com. used by the Arabs, who under the command of Andalusia, again entered a period of clear Website: www.antequera.es. Abdelaziz Ben Muza, conquered Antequera in economic expansion. . . 22 Málaga, Sun and Culture Antequera Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 23 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU the school of Antequera, religious sculptures, HOW TO GET THERE gold and silver pieces and an exquisite The quickest way from Málaga to Antequera is by collection of works by the local painter Cristóbal the N-331 (A-45) expressway. Once you arrive at Toral are also shown in the museum galleries. the Antequera lowlands, take the A-354, and after 2 kilometres, you will enter the urban area. Along Nájera Street and up Cuesta de las Barbacanas, you reach the Plaza de las WHAT TO SEE Descalzas, named after the nuns from Convento There is no way you can fully appreciate the de San José, widely known as "the Discalced artistic and monumental wealth that Antequera Nuns' Convent." It has an impressive Baroque offers in a single day, but the town does have the front, and currently houses the Convent advantage of having all its sites together in the Museum of the Discalced Nuns, where historic town centre, thus making long trips noteworthy paintings can be admired. From unnecessary. You can begin the tour at any point here, you take Madre Carmen del Niño Jesús selected at random, since all the attractions will Street. The Mudéjar-Renaissance façade of the appear one after the other before your eyes. It is Palace of the Marquises of the Peña de los advisable, though, to plan your itinerary Enamorados is immediately ahead, featuring beforehand. two watchtowers. Roaming slightly ahead, you can see the La Victoria Convent, which has a San Sebastián Square is a must-visit on any tour beautiful eighteenth-century church with a of Antequera. It's a small space featuring a central floor plan following the Roman model, Renaissance fountain designed by Pedro which can also be seen in the church of Santa Machuca in 1545. The Collegiate Church of San Eufemia Convent, on Belén Street. To reach this Sebastián, with its plateresque entrance by Diego convent, you should take Carrera Street to Plaza de Vergara, dates back to the sixteenth century de Santiago, where the double-portico façade of too. Its stylised brick tower, built at the beginning Santiago's Church looms up above the passers- of the eighteenth century, is the tallest in the town. by. Not very far away is the Convent of Belén The church's interior is a true museum of painting (Bethlehem) and its eighteenth-century church, and sculpture. whose interior is profusely ornamented with polychrome and gilded plasterworks. Next to this temple is La Encarnación convent, with a church from the sixteenth century. The The Puerta de Granada gate, at the end of Belén Moorish style typical of Granada can be seen in Street, was erected in the eighteenth century the wooden frame over the nave, in whose centre and exhibits the coats-of-arms of Antequera and the main chapel sits at a considerable height. In of King Ferdinand VI. A short stretch from this the adjacent El Coso Square is the Nájera point, you reach Menga and Viera dolmens Palace, which now houses the City Museum, (2500 B.C. and 2000 B.C., respectively), two which contains the famed "Ephebe of Antequera," exceptional funeral monuments. On your way Antequera Antequera an extraordinary bronze figure from the first back from the dolmens, taking Cristo de los century that, according to experts, is among the Avisos Street and just before returning to Plaza best Roman sculptures in Spain. Paintings from de las Descalzas, you shouldn't miss a visit to . . 24 Málaga, Sun and Culture Antequera Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 25 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU the Real Convento de San Zoilo. It was founded roofed with Mudéjar frameworks and separated by Isabella and Ferdinand, the Catholic by heavy Ionic columns that confer an Monarchs, in the sixteenth century, and follows unmistakable classical air to the church interior. the late Gothic style. Besides the splendid A grammar school founded in this place gave Mudéjar coffered ceiling of the central nave, this rise to the Antequera poetry group during the church contains three outstanding examples of Spanish Golden Age. Its most famous member Renaissance art: the image of Cristo Verde was Pedro Espinosa, whose memorial statue (Green Christ), that of Jesús Nazareno de la stands in the square. Sangre (Bleeding Jesus of Nazareth), and a beautiful altarpiece. In 1585, the Arco de los Gigantes (Giants' Arch) was erected in front of the Collegiate Church. At Plaza de las Descalzas starts the Cuesta de Some time ago, it included Roman tombstones los Rojas, which leads to Plaza del Carmen and and other pieces but some of them disappeared the street of the same name. There, you'll find and others have been replaced by copies so that the Del Carmen Church, which belonged to a the originals could be preserved. Before leaving, convent that no longer exists. The church interior a visit to the Alcazaba (fortress) is a must. It (sixteenth and seventeenth centuries) includes a stands on the highest part of Antequera and magnificent Mudéjar framework and a striking offers the best panoramic views of the town and Churriguera's altarpiece in the high altar. A its surroundings. Gothic Virgin donated by the Catholic Monarchs to the no longer existent mosque-church of El Construction work in the Alcazaba began in the Salvador further increases the artistic relevance eleventh century but most of the walls and the of the religious building. two towers date from the fourteenth century. The main tower is the Homage Tower. Its interior is A set of stairs lead to Postigo de la Estrella from crowned by groin vaults, except for one which Plaza del Carmen, from which a slope comes has a wooden ceiling. The Torre de Papabellotas out onto Plaza de Santa María, located in the (Papabellotas Tower) was built above this tower upper part of town. Here, the rich architectural in the sixteenth century. Its bell regulated the complex is made up of the Royal Collegiate irrigation of the fields. The chambers of the Torre Church of Santa María la Mayor (Greater St Blanca are distributed in two levels and Mary) -next to which some Roman ruins have communicated with the Homage Tower through been discovered-, the Alcazaba or Arab fortress, a passage behind the battlements. and the Arco de los Gigantes (Giants' Arch). A second wall led from the Torre Blanca The Royal Colegiate Church of Santa María la southward, where the Puerta de Málaga gate Mayor (Greater St Mary) is thought to be the first was built. This is a graceful tower with a Renaissance church built in Andalusia (1530- horseshoe arch. After the Christian conquest, it 1550). Its imposing façade is one of the symbols was used as a chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Wait. Antequera Antequera that best represent the town of Antequera. It displays three arches divided by buttresses, and Upon leaving the Alcazaba you should return to is crowned with pinnacles. The three naves are the Arco de los Gigantes (Giants' Arch) and take . . 26 Málaga, Sun and Culture Antequera Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 27 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Herradores Street towards Plaza del Portichuelo, The Town Hall, on Infante Don Fernando Street, where the unique Chapel of Virgen del Socorro was formerly the Convent of the Third (Our Lady of Succour is. It has an ornamented Franciscan Order. The Town Council acquired and complex Baroque portico. Next to this original the property in 1845. Behind its neo-Baroque building is the Church of Santa María de Jesús façade (twentieth century), this mansion (Saint Mary of Jesus), where devotees worship contains a splendid courtyard, formerly the the Virgin's image, one of the most popular of the cloister, and an artistic marble stairway. Finally, Holy Week festivity in Antequera. next to the Town Hall, visitors can see the Convent of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios Descending along the Cuesta Real towards Plaza (Convent of Our Lady of Remedies). The main del Portichuelo, you arrive at the Church of San chapel's Baroque altarpiece with Solomonic Juan Bautista (Saint John the Baptist), built in the columns is worthy of special note. There, devout sixteenth century in the Mannerist style. The followers worship their patroness, Our Lady of image of Cristo de la Salud y de las Aguas (Christ Remedies, represented in a carved figure from of Health and Waters) is worshipped in this the sixteenth century. church. Down the steep Álvaro de Oviedo Street to Pasillas Street, you will find the Palace of the FIESTAS Marquises of Escalonias and its beautiful Festivities in Antequera offer the living image of Mannerist front. A few steps farther, you will see a dynamic town which, however, has the Church of Santo Domingo, built in the succeeded in preserving lasting traditions and seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, which popular customs. Among popular festivities, preserves a polychrome Mudéjar coffered ceiling. one stands out over the rest: Holy Week, which The lady chapel of the main altarpiece contains a was declared Andalusian fiesta of National figure of the Virgen de la Paz Coronada Tourist Interest. It is one of the oldest and most (Crowned Virgin of Peace), and another chapel is original festivities in Andalusia because it's devoted to Our Lady of the Rosary. completely different from those celebrated elsewhere, while their essence is the same. It The tour continues along Cuesta de la Paz, which has such powerful and singular features that leads to San Sebastián Square. You can begin the phrase "Antequera style" is used to another itinerary from this point, going down underscore certain characteristics that have Infante Don Fernando Street towards the influenced Holy Week ceremonies in other places. boulevard of Andalucía and the Bullring, where the City Bullfighting Museum is located. Most images worshipped in Holy Week processions are valuable carvings made in the The Convent of San Agustín (St Augustine), sixteenth and seventeenth centuries by artists completed in mid sixteenth century, is on the first belonging to the school of Antequera. Floats are stretch of this street. The main chapel has a carried on shoulders of the hermanacos, whose Gothic cross-ribbed vault. The nave's coffered place along the transporting poles is usually Antequera Antequera ceiling, designed by Siloé, was a veritable assigned depending on their ancestry. The rich masterpiece of its kind, but was replaced in the processional furnishings show their full eighteenth century by a covering in Mannerist style. splendour surrounded by the scenery provided . . 28 Málaga, Sun and Culture Antequera Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 29 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU by the architecture of the historic centre and its cabello de ángel (kind of sweet made with steep, narrow streets. One of the most singular pumpkin and honey). rituals in Antequera's Holy Week is called correr la vega ("running across the meadow") and The taste for tapas, an old tradition not just in consists in carrying the sacred images' floats Andalusia but in many other places in Spain, is while running up a very steep slope. deeply rooted in Antequera, proof of which are the numerous sites offering these delicious small The August Fair is a motley mosaic of very bites. From the wide range of tapas available, different activities: open-air dancing, cante jondo excellent choices would be stewed rice, ribs, (traditional flamenco songs), pop music, jazz, porra, potato stew, eggplant and, of course, all food exhibitions, and bullfights led by the most the different pork products that continue to be popular espadas ("swords"), a word used to handmade in this region. praise a skilful and brave matador. Festivities honouring the patroness, Our Lady of NATURE Remedies, widely popular among local people, El Torcal Nature Site is some 14 kilometres are held on 8 September. south of Antequera. Its startlingly strange and beautiful terrain derives from a geological folding Agroant, the local Agricultural and Cattle Fair, is that raised the seafloor and formed a hill range. held in late May, within the framework of the Over millions of years, the wind and the rain Spring Fair. have eroded and shaped the rocks into a fantastic showcase of the most original and FOOD varied forms imaginable. Their resemblance to As far as food is concerned, Antequera has also easily recognisable objects will stir your made known some dishes that have become imagination so you'll believe you're in front of very popular beyond the district's borders, and castles, cathedrals, screw-shaped columns, and today they can be found in every corner of monsters. Andalusia. The well-known porra antequerana (made with bread, tomato, and peppers) is Visitors can follow two well-defined routes to undoubtedly the star dish of the region, a pole explore this extraordinary 12-sq km karstic position it shares with molletes, a kind of Arab landscape. One of them is more suitable for a bread made with local olive oil that is a must for quick visit, and the other for a more thorough breakfast. tour to get to know some of the flora and fauna of this extraordinary site. Antequera is also renowned for its pastries. Christmas sweets like polvorones, mantecados, and alfajores, baked in traditional ovens, especially those in the cloistered convents, have achieved a well-deserved fame due to a refined Antequera Antequera cooking tradition. One of the most typical desserts of this district is bienmesabe, made with almonds, cinnamon, sponge cake, and . . 30 Málaga, Sun and Culture Antequera Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 31 www.visitcostadelsol.com a RT SPACES Archidona TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU index. Archidona USEFUL INFORMATION CONVENT OF SANTO Archidona Town Hall DOMINGO HOTEL-SCHOOL Address: Plaza de la Victoria, 1 Address: C/ Santo Domingo, s/n 29300 Archidona Málaga, Sun and Culture Tel.: (+34) 952 714 480 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org The old nave of the church that belonged to the Convent of Santo Domingo, which has been Website: www.archidona.org converted to a hotel-school managed by the Tourism Ministry of the Government of Andalusia, holds cultural events like dance performances, "EUGENIO LAFUENTE" concerts, and recitals. Above all, this venue MUNICIPAL EXHIBITION HALL serves as a fantastic space for "Archidona Address: C/ Fresca, s/n Cinema" - Andalusian and Mediterranean Film (Municipal Market, ground floor) Festival, a world-class film event in the . CULTURAL CENTRES This gallery has been conceived as a neutral and Autonomous Community of Andalusia. Art Spaces pág. 33 multi-purpose venue. Its large walls and surface area (133 sq m) welcome both the traditional "LA BOHÈME" CULTURAL CENTRE annual exhibition programme and a wide range of Address: C/ Pavía, 2 special exhibitions (group exhibitions, travelling exhibitions, and so forth). La Bohème is a multi-purpose centre drawing artists in the realm of the performing arts, literature, and plastic and visual arts. The centre ARCHIDONA MUNICIPAL MUSEUM promotes artists' coexistence and creativity and Address: Plaza de la Vitoria, 1 - La Cilla Building fosters experimental initiatives. La Bohème is an innovative cultural project in Andalusia, in contact The Archidona Municipal Museum and Centre for with leading European cultural centres. It's Historic and Cultural Heritage exhibits its supported by the Government of Málaga and the permanent collection and also holds temporary Archidona Town Council. exhibitions focusing mainly on local history, arts or traditional culture. It runs shows hailing from other locations as well. Archidona . 32 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 33 TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU HOW TO GET THERE Archidona If you are travelling by car, take the A-92 (Seville- Almería), A-359 (Pedrizas-Salinas), N-342 (Antequera-Archidona-Salinas) or the N-331 USEFUL INFORMATION (Málaga-Córdoba-Madrid). BRIEF HISTORY Surface Area: 187.1 square kilometres The oldest archaeological remains found in Population: about 8,500 Archidona and its environs date back from What the natives are called: Archidoneses prehistory; one of them is Las Grajas cave. Monuments: the Ochavada plaza, Las Mínimas There are also protohistoric walled settlements convent, La Victoria church, La Cilla building, the like La Hoya and Capacheras. Roman ruins can hermitages of Nuestra Señora de Gracia, San be seen at La Alcaidía and La Camila. Muslim Antonio, and El Nazareno, the Santa Ana church, Arsiduna was the capital of the Rayya district. Santo Domingo convent and the ruins of the Only the walls, some ruins of the castle and medieval castle. parts of the old mosque (present-day Shrine of Geographical Location: in the northeast part of the Virgen de Gracia) have survived. In 1462, the province of Málaga, in the Antequera region Archidona was taken from the Moors by Pedro and adjoining the province of Granada. The Girón, first Duke of Osuna, whose descendants village centre is 50 kilometres from the city of continued to rule the village for years. The Málaga and 20 from Antequera. It sits 716 metres Flemish Renaissance illuminator Joris above sea level and the average annual rainfall is Hoefnagel published the first prints depicting nearly 600 litres per square metre. The average panoramic views of Archidona in Civitates Orbis temperature is 15º C. Terrarum. Archidona has numerous monuments Tourist Information: from the Modern Era, particularly in the Town Hall, Paseo de la Victoria, 1 (29300). seventeenth and eighteenth-century Baroque Telephone: (+ 34) 952 714 480 style. One emblematic work from that period is Fax: (+ 34) 952 714 165. the Plaza Ochavada. A Royal Decree of 1901 Tourist Office, Plaza Ochavada, 2. granted Archidona city status. Telephone: (+ 34) 952 716 479 WHAT TO SEE The Municipal Museum has a permanent collection and a visitor centre where out-of- towners can learn about Archidona's historic and cultural heritage. The museum is the first site to see before your tour of Archidona, since it will help you make the most of your visit. Archidona Archidona In 1980, the city of Archidona was designated a site of historic-artistic interest due to its historic and cultural assets, and especially its . . 34 Málaga, Sun and Culture Archidona Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 35 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU architectural landmarks. The following sites are Andalusian Baroque style and shows the the archives, a large decorative candlestick to not to be missed: eighteenth-century enlightened spirit. The Plaza hold the Easter candle, and a polychrome wood Ochavada has a monumental and strongly altarpiece from the old Convent of Santo Convent of the Minim Nuns, founded in the scenographical appeal. Its brick fronts and the Domingo. The large altarpiece in the high altar sixteenth century. It has a church built in the austere architectural lines make up eight and the wooden inner door at one end of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries whose different yet harmonious façades. The square building date from the eighteenth century. Worth brick tower and ceramic ornaments evoke the can be reached through three monumental mentioning are the figure of the Virgen del Mudéjar style. It houses the Virgen del Fuelle, a arches. A great number of Archidona's major Rosario and the official figures belonging to the sixteenth-century Renaissance painting of the festive and cultural events take place in it. In fraternities of La Humildad and La Soledad. In Flemish school. addition, it is a meeting point for local people to the presbytery, there is a large painting of The voice their concerns and enjoy their leisure time. Pietà (1928) by Eugenio Lafuente, an artist born Established in 1757, the Old Pious School came in Archidona. to be one of the main learning centres in The Church of La Victoria was a part of an old Andalusia. The school was active until the 1950s, convent that belonged to the Minims of St Francis The Shrine of Virgen de Gracia, Patroness of and the building was then home to a public high of Paola. The convent was established in the Archidona, is nestled high in Cerro de Gracia. It school and vocational school. At present, it is the sixteenth century, but it was confiscated later on, in has preserved a part of the mosque of the "Luís Barahona de Soto" high school. the nineteenth century. The present-day building fortified site built by the Arabs. It features horse Construction work ended in 1794. Colegio Street dates back to the seventeenth and eighteenth shoe arches on columns with shafts from divides the school into two blocks that are centuries. The church's outstanding elements are Roman times. The tower has retained some of connected via an elevated passageway over a the belfry, the brick façade and the Rococo its minaret structure. The renovation made in the barrel vault where the street is, thus, covered. altarpiece devoted to preaching. The official figures seventeenth and eighteenth centuries involved The two main fronts, from the eighteenth century, of the fraternities of El Huerto, El Dulce Nombre and the enlargement of the building and the addition look onto Carrera and Pilarejo Streets. The La Pollinica are kept in La Victoria. of vaults with plasterwork. In the shrine, there is building is home to the "Doctor Ricardo Conejo a painting depicting the local Patroness, Virgen Ramilo" Municipal Public Library and the The site known as La Cilla was used by the Dukes de Gracia, an anonymous work whose canvas, Municipal Archives as well. of Osuna to store grains and ground rent. The the legend goes, is a remnant from the flag of Dukes of Osuna were the lords of the village, and Pedro Girón, who conquered Archidona in 1462. The Church of El Nazareno was built between the their coat of arms is on the eighteenth-century The beautiful fifteenth-century vitrified ceramics seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries, façade that opens to the Plaza de la Victoria. At baptismal font is noteworthy. presumably on the site of a sixteenth-century present, the building is the local Town Hall and is chapel. When the Pious School was founded, in home to the Municipal Museum. The Convento de Santo Domingo School-Hotel, 1757, El Nazareno came to be the church-chapel dependent on the Government of Andalusia, is of the school until the religious order left the The construction of the Parish Church of Santa housed in the former convent, a sixteenth- place. A marble pulpit with the name of the order Ana commenced in the early sixteenth century in century building that underwent major has been kept. The main altar is presided over by the Gothic style, as can be observed at the head renovation and refurbishment. One aisle on the Mannerist image of the Nazarene, from the of the polygonal temple covered with a sixpartite whose end are two chapels covered in late sixteenth century. vault. The front façade dates back to the magnificent eighteenth-century plasterwork eighteenth century. The church underwent major have survived from the old building. Archidona Archidona The Plaza Ochavada is the monument of renovation in the nineteenth century. It has an Archidona par excellence. Built between 1780 original triangular tower and contains The streets of Archidona's old quarter add an and 1786, the square was built in a fine Renaissance wooden doors at the entrance to interesting architectural environment with its . . 36 Málaga, Sun and Culture Archidona Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 37 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU traditional houses, squares, alleys, and so on. Two months later, in April, Archidona holds the Ana, where it stays nine days before they take The basic elements that took part in the Book Fair, a major cultural event full of Her back to Her own chapel. In autumn, emergence and growth of the modern village activities. The May Crosses is festival where Archidona plays host to the Andalusian and can be seen around Carrera and Nueva streets, people set crosses decorated with flowers in Mediterranean Film Festival, also known as which run towards the former Placeta de los the headquarters of several associations and Archidona Cinema, a leading cultural event in Mesones, currently known as Plaza or Paseo de children take part in processions carrying floats the Autonomous Community of Andalusia. Of la Victoria. The village is built upon a hill, Cerro and the Holy Cross along the streets. On 15 course, on Christmas Day, New Year's Day and de Gracia, which commands magnificent views May, Archidona celebrates St Isidore the Epiphany, the village leaves the old year behind of the fertile countryside. If you look farther, Farmer's festival, which is particularly and welcomes the new one. Nativity scenes, you'll see the well-known Peña de los remarkable in the districts of Huertas del Río Correr las latas (children running along the Enamorados (Lovers' Rock), which actually lies and Salinas. There, local residents organise streets making noise with cans to "call" the in Antequera but is closely linked to Archidona. popular festivals, they go camping and have Three Kings who will bring them presents), the Legend has it that two lovers, one a Moor, one a fun together. Also in May, a dog show is held. Three Kings' Parade, etc. are typical of these Christian, killed themselves at this rock as their Although it started only a few years ago, the days in the winter season. Finally, in January love was forbidden. show has already been designated of tourist Archidona stages the traditional canary bird interest in Andalusia and the province as well. show. FIESTAS It features tests and trials, vendor booths, etc. Archidona has a festival-packed calendar. In sum, it is a good opportunity to get closer to the world of dogs and pets. In June, the district FOOD In February, there are the Candelaria bonfires, a of San Antonio, where the seventeenth-century Porra archidonesa is the typical dish of tradition linked to the day of the Virgin's San Antonio Chapel can be found, holds its Archidona, a cold dish made with bread, tomato, Purification. Carnival time is basically a time for own feast, and in July, the district of La pepper, garlic, salt and olive oil. Traditional foods revelry and partying. Fun begins several weeks Romera, around the Station of Archidona, are ajoblanco, pimentón, porrilla de setas, in advance with the Jueves de Compadres, celebrates St Aurelio Day. gazpachuelo, guisillo de San José, cazuelilla Jueves de Comadres, Jueves de Padres e moruna, migas, papandujas de bacalao, gachas Hijos, when people eat sweet pastries and drink In July and August, the Plaza Ochavada turns de mosto, among others. The mollete (muffin) is chocolate together while they plan and get ready into a true stage on which cultural activities and what local people usually have for breakfast. In for the festival. When Carnival arrives, the party events are run, one of them being the World Archidona, you will be able to taste mouth- takes the streets. Local people dress up for the Music and Dance Festival. On 15 August, watering pastries and desserts like bollos de occasion, they sing coplillas, take part in Archidona pays tribute to the Virgen de Gracia, manteca, pestiños, aceitados, or the sweets parades and play the "cántaros" (jugs) game, the local Patroness, whose procession toward prepared by the Minim nuns. In Archidona they attend the entierro del boquerón (burial of the Her hilltop shrine on Cerro de Gracia starts the make an exceptionally good olive oil. sardine), etc. Holy Week, designated Fiesta of night before. Repiques (chime of bells) and National Tourist Interest in Andalusia, is the most luminarias (lights on the streets) are two of the NATURE important religious feast in Archidona. The traditions related to the festivity of the local The municipal district of Archidona has natural processions are led by the six local "cofradías" Patroness. The Royal Fair is held from 14 to 18 spaces with great environmental value: next to or fraternities: La Pollinica, El Huerto, El August and comprises both a Day Fair and a Salinas there are the lakes called Lagunas de Nazareno, El Dulce Nombre, La Humildad and Night Fair. Finally, the summer festive period Archidona (Grande and Chica), an area Archidona Archidona La Soledad. All of them established an ends the last Saturday of August or the first designated Nature Reserve of Andalusia that association in 1927 called Agrupación de Saturday of September. The figure of the Virgin teems with bird life. The Marín stream flows into Cofradías de Semana Santa de Archidona. is taken down to the Parish Church of Santa the Guadalhorce river and forms the Hoz de . . 38 Málaga, Sun and Culture Archidona Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 39 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Arroyo Martín amidst the mountains, a beauty we can name Abd ar-Rahman I, first Umayyad of spot teeming with a native tree, the Aleppo pine. Al Andalus, who was proclaimed prince in On the outskirts of Archidona lies the Molino Don Archidona; Luís Barahona de Soto -prestigious Juan, a green lung with a town swimming pool, poet and humanist praised by Cervantes-, from sports facilities and hiking trails. And there is a Lucena, served as alderman in Archidona, in the second green area surrounding the defensive sixteenth century; and Blas Infante, the Father of wall: the Cerro de Gracia Suburban Park. The the Andalusian Nation, studied at the Pious municipal district houses the largest oak wood in Schools of Archidona from 1896 to 1900. the entire province, since it goes from Salinas to the town boundaries. This woody area makes up LEGENDS a valuable ecosystem where Mediterranean Several legends set in Archidona tell stories of bushes grow as well. characters who lived by or at the time of the Christian conquest of the town. All these sites are easily accessible if you take One of such legends is that of the Peña de los the GR-7, specifically the stretch that runs from Enamorados: Legend has it that the peña or Villanueva de Tapia toward Villanueva del rock bore witness to a tragic tale of a love affair Trabuco. The PR-A 157 is an attractive trail also between Hamet Ahaiar, a young Christian from known as Archidona-Hoz del Arroyo Marín, and Antequera, and Tagzona, a Muslim princess there are other roads across the municipal from Archidona. They fell in love but their district of Archidona. romance was not approved of. They fled to the rock with troops on their heels. Rather than IMPORTANT FIGURES spend a lifetime without each other, they threw A great number of prominent people were born themselves from the rock in a loving embrace. in Archidona. Bartolomé Marín, for instance, founded the town of Archidona in Ecuador in In Tales of the Alhambra, Washington Irving 1563; Miguel Cabello de Balboa was a well- collects the tales of how the Virgin appeared to known sixteenth-century writer in Peru; Martín the Christian army and guided the men up a de León y Cárdenas was Bishop of Pouzzoli and mysterious path in the mountains, which had Palermo, Italy, in the seventeenth century; José never before been known. When the Moor of Alcántara Navarro (1787-1848) was appointed Archidona's castle saw the Christians coming, Royal Minister; José Alcántara Pérez (1834- he was astonished, and springing with his horse 1898) was a military governor in Melilla; Juan de from a precipice, was dashed to pieces. The Astorga was one of the leading sculptors in marks of his horse's hoofs are to be seen in the Andalusia in the nineteenth century; Miguel margin of the rock to this day. Lafuente Alcántara was a famed politician, historian and scholar who lived in the nineteenth century; and Augusto Miranda Godoy (1855- 1920) was Navy Minister under the reign of Archidona Archidona Alfonso XIII. Among the people who were not born in Archidona but left their mark in the town's history . . 40 Málaga, Sun and Culture Archidona Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 41 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU index. Benalmádena Málaga, Sun and Culture . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS Benalmádena Municipal Auditorium page 44 Arroyo de la Miel House of Culture page 45 Bil Bil Castle page 46 Benalmádena Exhibition Centre page 47 Benalmádena . 42 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 43 b ENALMÁDENA MUNICIPAL AUDITORIUM Benalmádena a RROYO DE LA MIEL HOUSE OF CULTURE Benalmádena USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: La Paloma - Arroyo de la Miel Address: Avda. de la Constitución, s/n 29631 Benalmádena 29631 Arroyo de la Miel - Benalmádena Tel.: (+34) 952 440 640 Tel.: (+34) 952 444 689 - 952 444 698 E-mail: email@example.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Benalmádena Municipal Auditorium Arroyo de la Miel House of Culture The Auditorium is part of a group of The cultural centre at Arroyo de la initiatives undertaken by the Benalmádena Town Miel is situated in a nice building that boasts Council, and aimed at offering cultural options in traditional architectural features. It has a long the district through the organisation of different tradition in the district, since it was home to the quality shows and performances that require an local schools, and currently is the space in which appropriate space to be staged. most events, exhibitions and celebrations take place. The building has an auditorium, The Auditorium would be used only in the classrooms, a library with books in different summer, but soon they decided to extend the languages and exhibition halls. It is home to the offer because the Costa del Sol's weather is local Culture Department. excellent all the year round and the Auditorium . . premises can hold a wide range of events. Moreover, its location is perfect to host any kind of public or private event, since it's near the green Benalmádena Benalmádena area of the Costa del Sol (La Paloma Park), the fairground at Arroyo de la Miel, and other leisure and recreation facilities. . . 44 Málaga, Sun and Culture Benalmádena Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 45 www.visitcostadelsol.com b IL BIL CASTLE Benalmádena b ENALMÁDENA EXHIBITION CENTRE Benalmádena USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Avda. Antonio Machado, 78 Address: Avda. Antonio Machado, 33 29630 Benalmádena Costa 29630 Benalmádena Tel.: (+34) 952 444 320 Tel.: (+34) 952 562 820 Fax: (+34) 952 576 163 Website: www.benalmadena.com E-mail: email@example.com Benalmádena Exhibition Centre The Bil Bil Castle is an Arab-like Benalmádena Council bought the castle to use it The 850 sq m building has an construction, with a red front with tiles and as a cultural centre. exhibition area covering 600 sq m (work is decorated with bas-relief after the exquisite underway to enlarge it up to the whole block), four Nasrid tradition. On the sides are fountains also in levels, warehouse and office area. The attic can Arab style. The spot commands magnificent be used as a classroom and also has a space for Bil Bil Castle views of Benalmádena's beaches. catering service. There are between six and eight exhibitions throughout the year: paintings, The local Town Council organises a wide variety sculptures, archaeological or historic objects, of cultural activities such as exhibitions, talks, architecture and photos. concerts, and weddings on Saturdays. . . The castle was built in the 30's by León and Fernanda Hermann. The architect Enrique Atencia, from Málaga, was in charge of the design and construction work. Before even Benalmádena Benalmádena moving to the castle, when the Spanish Civil War broke out, in 1936, the Hermanns decided to sell the property. The Schestroms, an American family, acquired and lived in it until the 80's. After a series of events and negotiations, the . . 46 Málaga, Sun and Culture Benalmádena Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 47 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU This town stretches from the southern Benalmádena foothills of the Sierra de Mijas range down to the Torremuelle and Capellanía). But it was the Arabs who gave the district its name. sea and has a population of 40,000. It has three USEFUL INFORMATION urban centres, which almost merge with one The current name might derive from Ibn al- another, but yet each is quite distinct: Madin, which means "sons of the mine," a Surface area: 26.60 km . 2 Benalmádena Pueblo, Benalmádena Costa and reference to the region's ancient iron mines. This Population: Around 60,000. Arroyo de la Miel. is not the only hypothesis with regards the Name given to the local people: town's name, but it is the most widely accepted Benalmadenses. Benalmádena Pueblo is the oldest one, a among experts and historians. Location: In the western region of the Costa del typically Andalusian whitewashed town with its Sol, 20 km from Málaga city and about 280 m maze of narrow streets, plazas to relax in, and Christian troops not only captured the town but above sea level. Its average annual rainfall is 610 great views over the Costa del Sol, since it is also destroyed it, along with its castle, where l/m2 and the average temperature is 18º C. 300 m above sea level and close to the coast. residents put up strong resistance against the What to see: Santo Domingo Church, El Muro Catholic Monarchs' army. At the end of the Gardens, Museum of Archaeology, Bil-Bil Castle, Arroyo de la Miel is a suburb that grew around sixteenth century, Old Christians took up Colomares Castle, Las Águilas Garden, Buddhist the local railway station. It's the financial centre residence in the town, but they did not stay long, Stupa, watchtowers (Torrebermeja, Torrequebrada, of the district, and the place where most mainly due to the constant threat of attacks from Torremuelle), Plaza de España, Benalmádena population lives in. Moreover, most municipal the sea. The watchtowers that still stand along Pueblo's old quarter, Benalmádena Costa's agencies are located here. Benalmádena Costa, the coastline date back to this period. Roman ruins. on the other hand, is the most international area Tourist Information: offering all the main "sun and sand" tourist In the eighteenth century, several pulp mills set Tourist Office, attractions: large hotels, a casino, marina and a up in the area. It was then that the area began to C/ Antonio Machado, 10, wide range of shops. regain a stable population, which kept growing Benalmádena Costa (29630). over the years with the vineyards gaining Tel.: (+34) 952 442 494 / 952 441 295. Due to its location, its excellent hotels and importance. However, they disappeared at the Fax: (+34) 952 440 678. whole host of leisure activities on offer dawn of the twentieth century as a result of the E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. (beaches, marina, hiking, cable car, theme phylloxera plague. The tourist boom started in Website: www.benalmadena.com. parks -Tivoli, Selwo Marina, Sea Life-, golf Benalmádena in the 60's, which came as a great fields… in addition to an intense cultural boost to the areas economy. programme including art, theatre and music), Benalmádena is one of the top tourist HOW TO GET THERE destinations in the province of Málaga. The town can be easily accessed from every part of the Costa del Sol by taking the Autopista The oldest human settlement dates back to the del Mediterráneo motorway (AP-7, N-340), by Late Palaeolithic, as proven by the remains train (local), or from the nearby cities of found in the Toro Caves, Los Botijos and Las Fuengirola, Torremolinos and Málaga. Benalmádena Benalmádena Zorreras. The Phoenicians settled in this region in the eighth and seventh centuries B.C., and WHAT TO SEE Phoenician artefacts were found on the coast as In Benalmádena Pueblo, you will find the Santo well. Later the Romans settled here (salting Domingo Church, which dates back to the factories in Benal-Roma and remains in seventeenth century, but was later rebuilt so . . 48 Málaga, Sun and Culture Benalmádena Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 49 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU thoroughly that nothing remained of the original structure. Close to the church, there is also a wonderful viewing point and, in the same area, the Muro Gardens, designed by architect César Manrique, affording panoramic views with the sea as a backdrop. The Museum of Archaeology (Avenida Juan Peralta, 43; Tel.: (+34) 952 448 593) has the best collection of Pre-Columbian art in Europe, along with Neolithic and Roman artwork. The marble floor comes from an eighteenth-century vessel that shipwrecked off the coast of Benalmádena, as does a sixteenth-century image of Diana the Hunter, which is on display in one of the museum's rooms. Close to the beach stands the Bil-Bil Castle: this is an Arab-style building, with a red front and decorated with tiling and reliefs that are an exquisite example of Nasrid tradition. There are Moorish fountains on either side of the castle, from which visitors can enjoy great views over Benalmádena's beaches. In this spot, the local Council organises exhibitions, conferences, concerts, various cultural activities and civil wedding ceremonies (on Saturdays only). The building was constructed in the 30's by León and Fernanda Hermann. An architect from Málaga, Enrique Atencia, was awarded the construction project. The Hermanns never actually lived in the castle, since, when the Spanish Civil War broke out, in 1936, they decided to sell it. An American family, the Schestroms, bought the villa and lived there until Benalmádena Benalmádena the 80's. Eventually, the Benalmádena Council acquired the property and began using it as cultural centre. . . 50 Málaga, Sun and Culture Benalmádena Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 51 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU La Paloma Park is the town's main green and the only city park on the Costa del Sol, covering an area of over 200,000m2. It includes an artificial lake with ducks, pelicans, turtles… You can also catch a glimpse of other animals such as parakeets, parrots, rabbits, goats, sheep, etc. Even more extravagant is the Colomares Castle, a tribute to the discovery of America built between 1987 and 1994 by Dr. Esteban Martín y Martín, with the help of two builders. This building features examples of every architectural styles you could think of, combined in almost dream-like fashion, making a strong visual impact. Adjoining this architectural oddity, there is the Las Águilas Garden, which offers falconry shows. The Estupa de la Iluminación is another of the town's major attractions. Unveiled on 4 October 2003, this Buddhist stupa is the largest in the Western world, standing 33 m high over a base of 25 m. It is crowned with a gold cone which can be seen from the coastline between Fuengirola and Benalmádena. The meditation hall covers an area of over 100 m2 and is 6 m high. Its walls feature paintings by Himalayan artists depicting the most significant moments in Buddha's life. This type of Buddhist monuments symbolise harmony, prosperity and peace, and their origins go back 2500 years. The Torrebermeja, Torrequebrada and Torremuelle watchtowers were part of the defensive line that former inhabitants used to defend themselves from pirate attacks. Benalmádena Benalmádena Torrebermeja and Torrequebrada erected under Arab rule, and the latter was built a little later, after the Christian conquest, probably in the sixteenth century. Its cone-shaped profile is one of the most characteristic sights of the Benalmádena coastline. . . 52 Málaga, Sun and Culture Benalmádena Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 53 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU The Aula del Mar (Sea Centre) is an aquarium FOOD Selwo Marina is a new kind of marine wildlife featuring both Mediterranean marine wildlife and It is difficult to name just one typical dish in an park, at which visitors will enjoy a memorable educational activities. area that has been receiving foreign influence experience and will be able to see South for decades and therefore offers a wide range of American aquatic mammals and birds. On this The Cumbre del Calamorro Recreational Area international food. However, given that this is a unique expedition through the New World, you has an additional leisure area for people wishing coastal region, pescaíto frito or fried fish can be can enjoy the first-ever Dolphin Aquarium in to take a cable car ride up the Calamorro peak savoured at any seaside restaurant and many Andalusia and marvel at the clever bottle-nosed (770 m). The area has viewing points, pathways, other restaurants in town; it is one of the most dolphins. Selwo Marina also has the only cafés, horse riding trails, dressage areas, and traditional and typical dishes served here, along penguin ice enclosure in Andalusia, which also offers falconry shows. with gazpacho (a chilled soup made with vegetables). reproduces the natural habitat of different penguin species. FIESTAS LEISURE Benalmádena's calendar of fiestas is varied The Benalmádena Marina is one of the top tourist Tivoli World, in Arroyo de la Miel, is the Costa del enough to satisfy all tastes and interests, offering attractions of this city and the whole Costa del Sol as Sol's theme park par excellence. With over 30 so-called highbrow entertainment as well as well. Apart from offering almost 1,000 mooring sites years' experience, this pioneering leisure park, popular cultural events, sports, street parties, and for all kinds of boats, a diving centre and all the typical set among leafy gardens and beautiful religious festivals. marina facilities (jet skiing, sailing), the marina fountains, has moved with the times while features popular bars, restaurants and discos that keeping its traditional flavour. There are The major holiday here is Corpus Christi, when attract millions of people every year. attractions for all ages, restaurants for all tastes the streets are blanketed with flowers and and open-air theatres featuring the most popular artists. balconies are adorned with brightly-coloured In the marina's surroundings, you will find Sea At Tivoli's promenade is the entrance to the displays. Holy Week is another important holiday. Life Benalmádena, an impressive aquarium with cable car, which takes visitors to the Calamorro During Holy Week, processions wind through the specimens of the major life forms that inhabit the Peak (724 m). The great views from this vantage streets of Benalmádena and Arroyo de la Miel; Mediterranean Sea, tropical seas and oceans. point sweep over the coastline and also take in moreover on Maundy Thursday and Good Friday The shark and seahorse enclosures are areas further inland. There is a bar-restaurant, there is also a re-enacting of Jesus' Passion particularly outstanding. and donkey rides are available too. known as El Paso, in which around 200 locals take part. It lasts for two hours and takes place on a natural stage near the town. The Festival of San Juan (June), celebrated in Arroyo de la Miel, offers a range of different events and activities, and the Fiesta del Carmen in mid-July pays tribute to the region's seafaring tradition. Benalmádena Benalmádena The local fiesta in honour of the Virgen de la Cruz, the local patroness, in mid-August, is also rooted in popular tradition. . . 54 Málaga, Sun and Culture Benalmádena Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 55 www.visitcostadelsol.com a L ANDALUS CINEPLEX Coín TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU USEFUL INFORMATION index. Coín Málaga, Sun and Culture Address: La Trocha Shopping Centre - Ctra. de Coín - Cártama, Km. 1 29100 Coín Tel.: (+34) 951 315 039 E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.cinentradas.com .CINEMAS Al Andalus Cineplex page 57 DESCRIPTION SERVICES . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS Dolby digital sound carrying different channels Disabled access Al Andalus Cineplex Blas Infante House of Culture page 58 according to rooms Parking Number of screens: 7 Bar Sala Sótano page 59 Total audience capacity: 1,000 Tiered seats Las Vistillas page 60 Discount to people over 65 Student card Morning show Evening show Numbered seats . Advance ticket sales Online sales Phone sales Coín . 56 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 57 b LAS INFANTE HOUSE OF CULTURE Coín s ALA SÓTANO Coín USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Manuel García, s/n Address: Plaza de la Alameda, 10 Tel.: (+34) 952 453 377 29100 Coín E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org E-mail: email@example.com Blas Infante House of Culture This cultural centre opened in 1982. This recently inaugurated exhibition The main room, seating 255 people, offers space is located in the Town Hall. theatre play performances, talks, meetings and concerts. Moreover, it has halls in which painting and sculpture exhibitions are run. Sala Sótano . . Coín Coín . . 58 Málaga, Sun and Culture Coín Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 59 www.visitcostadelsol.com lAS VISTILLAS Coín TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Ctra. de Mijas, Km. 2 - Urbanización Los Montecillos 29100 Coín Tel.: (+34) 952 45 13 63 Fax: (+34) 952 45 13 63 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.ceramicalasvistillas.com Traditional pottery, Las Vistillas "Coín The country estate has a traditional orchard with Vida Rural" Ethnography Museum, the panoramic a wide variety of fruit trees, holm oaks, carob views, and the market gardens turn Coín into a trees, olive trees, fig trees, etc. Among the tourist and cultural attraction in the Valle del indigenous aromatic herbs or low shrubs that Guadalhorce district. grow in the area there are thyme, rosemary, fennel, camomile, and esparto grass. Some of the The village lies in the southern part of the domestic animals that are found there are Guadalhorce valley. The hilltop viewpoint affords Andalusian donkeys, hens, turkeys, pheasants, etc. views of the entire district, from Serranía de Ronda to Málaga City. HOUR Las Vistillas In the pottery studio, you'll find pieces in different Open daily from 10:00 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. production stages and tools like a pottery wheel, and from 4:00 to 8:00 p.m. a kiln, enamels, and so on. Admission is free. Advance reservation is . The exhibition showcases the finished objects, required for groups. Cultural activities and events which have been made using the same planned on a regular basis. techniques and colours as those used in Coín over three hundred years ago. Las Vistillas "Coín Vida Rural" Ethnography Museum brings out-of-towners closer to Coín's recent history and provides information to young people Coín Coín who are interested in the past of their own community. . . 60 Málaga, Sun and Culture Coín Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 61 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Coín's district stretches from the Coín considerable heights of the Sierra de Alpujata range, one of the mountain masses that USEFUL INFORMATION separate the interior of the province from the western coastal area, to the centre of the Surface area: 128.40 km2. Guadalhorce Valley region. The terrain Population: About 20,000. descends slowly down to the lowlands but there Name given to the local people: Coineños. are strong contrasts to be seen not only in the Location: In the southern part of the changing contours of the land but also in the Guadalhorce Valley region, 38 km from Málaga types of crops and vegetation. Thus, while pines and 210 m above sea level. The average annual and cork oaks abound in the mountains, the rainfall is 610 l/m2 and the average temperature is landscape you can see while you lose height is 17º C. dominated by orchards and gardens, and near What to see: Churches of Santa María de la the River Guadalhorce farms with citrus and Encarnación, San Andrés and San Juan, Chapel even subtropical fruit trees abound. of Nuestra Señora de la Fuensanta, Torre de los Trinitarios tower, Archaeological hall (in the Not surprisingly, humans settled here as early as Church of La Encarnación). in the Paleolithic because they found a Tourist Information: temperate climate, a friendly terrain and Town Hall. Plaza Alameda, 10 (29100). abundant water, since the Rivers Pereilas and Tel.: (+34) 952 453 018. Grande, tributaries of the Guadalhorce, flow Fax: (+34) 952 453 284. through it. The site known as the "Taller" Tourist Office. (meaning "workshop" in Spanish) of Ardite Plaza de Santa María furnished materials for making tools during that (La Encarnación convent). period, while sites from later ages, when metals Tel.: (+34) 952 453 211. were introduced, are Cerro Carranque and Llano Fax: (+34) 952 453 211. de la Virgen, designated Site of Cultural Interest. Another archaeological site, Cerro del Aljibe, provides evidences that Greeks, Phoenicians, Iberians and Romans passed through this area. Burial sites set by the Visigoths have been found at Cerro de las Calaveras. All these facts are proof that the district of Coín has been inhabited continuously since early in the development of human cultures to the present day. But Coín was actually founded during the Muslim era. According to the chronicler of the Umayyad ruler Abd-ar-Rahman III, the Roman settlement was fortified in the year 920 by a Coín Coín dignitary from Córdoba named Dakwan (Coín). . . 62 Málaga, Sun and Culture Coín Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 63 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Dakwan played a key role in Abd-ar-Rahman III's campaigns against the Muladí rebel Umar bin Hafsun, which lasted until 928, when Bobastro, Umar bin Hafsun's general headquarters, was captured by the Umayyad ruler. Three centuries later, the historian from Morocco Ibn Adhari referred to Coín as Castro Dakwan (Dakwan Fortress), which has made scholars think that the origin of the city's name is Roman or at least Mozarabic, especially when they consider the existence of a Mozarabic cave basilica near the village, which indicates there had been a Mozarabic community by the arrival of the army led by Abd-ar-Rahman III. During the Muslim period, agriculture was especially developed in the district and, as in other areas in Andalusia, some of the irrigation infrastructure has been preserved. By 1480, Dakwan was a medium-sized town of the Nasrid kingdom, with a population of around 3,000. It should be noted that at that time, Málaga had some 20,000 inhabitants and Granada, about 50,000. The city was captured again by Christian troops in 1485, an event that is depicted in the carved wood of the choir stalls in the Cathedral of Toledo. Soon afterwards, the Catholic King ordered that the fortress should be demolished, as keeping the necessary troops to defend it would be extremely expensive. Two years after the Reconquest, the area was repopulated and the lands distributed. The local population was increasingly larger, starting in the sixteenth century. Some authors say Miguel de Cervantes, who collected taxes for the Crown at that time, visited Coín in 1594. There were 700 orchards and market gardens in Coín Coín 1773, in which all kinds of fruits and vegetables . . 64 Málaga, Sun and Culture Coín Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 65 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU were grown. The countryside produced wheat, fact that seven brotherhoods had been maize, olive oil, barley, hemp, figs, honey and established by the sixteenth century. The former Chapel of Nuestra Señora de la silk, among other products, and it also had 14 oil Fuensanta, by the road leading to Monda, was mills and 20 flour mills, at a time when the The Church of Santa María de la Encarnación there even in the sixteenth century, but the population was 1,800. Coín entered the modern (St Mary of the Incarnation) was the first church present-day one dates from 1680 and was age in the twentieth century (1913) with the built in Coín on a former mosque. A religious refurbished in the eighteenth century. Worthy of opening of the railway (it isn't operating at community was established by the Franciscan note is its main chapel, an open structure whose present) that linked Coín with Málaga City, and in Order in early eighteenth century, and years Rococo decoration resembles that of the chapel 1930 Alfonso XIII granted it the status of City and later a convent was built featuring a magnificent in the Church of La Victoria, in Málaga City. its Town Council, the right to be addressed as Baroque cloister. Excellency. The Torre de los Trinitarios (Trinitarians tower) was The Church of San Andrés and the La Caridad built outside the walls of the village, also by the road HOW TO GET THERE Hospital were originally built on the Plaza de San leading to Monda. It is one of the three towers with There are four ways to reach Coín from the Costa Andrés, and in 1520 they were already occupying a triangular base in Andalusia (the other two being del Sol, but the best one is to leave Málaga City their present-day location. The church has an that of the Santa Ana Church, in Archidona, and that on the A-357 towards Campillos. You will first unusual L-shaped floor plan, apparently the of the Las Mínimas Convent, in Écija). It had arrive at Cártama, and soon afterwards, you purpose was to place the ill in one of the branches belonged to the Church of Santo Cristo de la Vera should take the A-355, which leads straight to in such a way that they were separated from the Cruz, in the convent that was used first by the Coín. You can also get to the town taking the N- rest of the faithful. There are only four churches Trinitarians and later by the Franciscan Order. The 340. Halfway from Málaga to Torremolinos, you'll boasting this floor plan in Andalusia. The church's latter left the site after the Mendizábal confiscation, find the exit onto the A-366, which first passes Mudéjar coffered ceiling and stained glass in the first half of the nineteenth century. through Churriana, Alhaurín de la Torre and windows are especially valuable works, as are its Alhaurín el Grande before getting to Coín. cloister and its unusual eighteenth-century three- The Archaeological Hall in the Church of La level façade with belfry, a construction that stands Encarnación (Plaza de Santa María; tel.: (+34) The other two roads to reach Coín can be out for its unique beauty. 952 453 211) houses more than 59 pieces from accessed from the Mediterráneo expressway, the prehistory and early history of the district. also known as N-340. Near Benalmádena, take Completed in the middle of the sixteenth century, the A-368 and passing through Mijas, take the A- San Juan is a good example of the typical FIESTAS 387 towards Alhaurín el Grande, and then the Renaissance churches in Andalusia. This In Coín, May has a pervasive festive flavour. In A-366 which leads to Coín. Finally, from building mixes classical, Gothic and Mudéjar early May, the district celebrates Orange Day as Fuengirola take the A-387 towards Mijas, and furnishings that live together in harmony. a tribute to the fruit the district is famous for. The day from this town follow the directions described However, the Baroque style has ruled since the is, in addition, a showcase of local and regional above. renovation work done in the eighteenth century. products and branches out into enormously popular In the interior are a remarkable Mudéjar coffered entertainment events. On May 3 the Day of the WHAT TO SEE ceiling and two sculptures, one of Our Lady of Cross is held. This day the village's streets are Coín's historic and artistic heritage focuses the Angels, from the sixteenth and the other of beautifully decorated, the traditional "May Crosses" mainly on its religious architecture. The town the Our Lady of Fuensanta, patroness of Coín. The are set and the procession of the Christ of seat of one of the vicariates into which the latter is a late Gothic work only 11 cm tall, dating Forgiveness and the True Cross takes place. Bishopric of Málaga was divided, with jurisdiction back from the late fifteenth century. They say it over 14 villages in the province. The importance was brought to the village by the Christians that One of this area's most popular pilgrimages is Coín Coín of Coín in the religious scenario is marked by the captured the village in the fifteenth century. the one devoted to Virgin of Fuensanta, the local . . 66 Málaga, Sun and Culture Coín Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 67 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU patroness, held in the first week of June. Local people have a deep devotion to this Virgin of diminutive size -the statue is only 11 cm in height-. The Virgin is carried to her Chapel a month earlier. The villagers, many of them on carriages or on horseback, arrive on Saturday to spend the night there and return the next day to the San Juan church with the Virgin on the float that has won the prize in the competition held previously. In late July, the local Council organises the Popular Dance Festival on the Alameda. Every year, local groups and others coming from different countries participate so that the event boasts a variety of sounds and rhythms. And in late July or early August, the Cante Flamenco Festival kicks off, with performances by the most gifted artist. Week begins on Palm Sunday with Jesus is an anonymous sixteenth-century romance. With entering Jerusalem on a young donkey. On a happy ending, the poem tells the complicated In 1765, King Charles III granted Coín "the Maundy Thursday two eighteenth-century story of a Moorish man and a Christian woman who privilege to hold a four-day fair, from 10 to 14 images of Jesus of Nazareth and the Virgin of are in love in a period of not-so-easy relations August." The monarch was referring to an Sorrows are carried through the streets. On between their respective communities. The brave agricultural fair aimed at fostering the economy, Good Friday the Crucified Christ, the Sepulchre Abindarráez was coming to visit the beautiful Jarifa but today this goal only appears in the archives of and the Virgin of Sorrows are taken in a when a Castilian knight arrested him. Most history, since this district's fair shows the same procession. The last procession, devoted to the probably, the knight was concerned about amorous features as does any other Andalusian district: Resurrected Christ, is held on Easter Sunday. feelings more than about war issues, since once he fun and frolic, singing, dancing, horses, and good learned of the Moor's love, he allowed the latter to food and wine. FOOD go and see his Jarifa for the last time. The Moor Sopa cachorreña (a soup made with bitter promised to come back to prison once the visit was In Coín they love horses, and this can be seen in oranges), different stews, gazpachuelo (a kind of over, and he did return. When the knight realised the local Horse Show, held on 27 October, when soup), pepper and tomato soup, mojete (a that the prisoner had honoured his promise, he set highly decorated horses parade along the village spiced potato dish) are the most traditional him free. The following are some lines in the poem: streets, and then everybody gathers at the dishes in Coín, with gazpacho (a cold soup), of fairgrounds where horsemen and non-horsemen course, as in any other place in Andalusia. "En Cártama me he criado alike sample the traditional local products. Baked sweet potatoes, gachas con arrope, nací en Granada primero Coín's Holy Week is one of the most deeply rosquillas, raisins in raw brandy and fig rolls are mas fui de Álora frontero rooted in tradition in the province of Málaga, and the best samples of this district's sweets and desserts. y en Coín enamorado" even has a live enactment of the Passion. The unfortunate events of 1936, however, changed LEGENDS (In Cártama I was raised/ But in Granada I was this tradition dramatically, and it wasn't until the "La historia de Abindarráez y la Hermosa Jarifa" born/ To the border with Álora I was sent/ And Coín Coín 90's that it made its comeback. At present, Easter (The Story of Abindarráez and the Beautiful Jarifa), in Coín I fell in love). . . 68 Málaga, Sun and Culture Coín Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 69 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU index. Estepona Málaga, Sun and Culture . THEATRES Estepona Exhibition and Conference Centre page 72 . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS Exhibition Hall - House of Culture page 73 Estepona . 70 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 71 e STEPONA EXHIBITION AND CONFERENCE CENTRE Estepona e XHIBITION HALL - HOUSE OF CULTURE Estepona USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Ctra. Cádiz - Málaga, Km. 156 Address: Plaza de las Flores 29680 Estepona 29680 Estepona Tel.: (+34) 952 803 512 Tel.: (+34) 952 790 500 Fax: (+34) 952 803 861 Fax: (+34) 952 793 434 E-mail: email@example.com Estepona Exhibition and Conference Centre Exhibition Hall - House of Culture The local Exhibition and Conference - Landscaped area covering nearly 15,000 sq m, Located in downtown Estepona, the Centre is 30 min. away from Marbella, one hour with heliport and parking with a vehicle capacity exhibition hall at the House of Culture runs art from Málaga Airport and 30 min. from Gibraltar of 300 exhibitions and arts & crafts shows all the year Airport, La Línea and Algeciras. It can be - Multi-purpose pavilion, with a surface area of round, both of local or foreign artists and accessed on motorway N-340, Km. 156, taking 3,000 sq m craftspeople. the first exit from highway to Estepona, towards - Lecture hall, 500 sq m, with an audience Málaga-Cádiz. capacity of 220 Opening hours: from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m., and - Meeting room, 300 sq m, with a capacity of 140 from 5:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. The premises can be used to hold a wide variety - Assembly hall covering 100 sq m, with a of events, such as trade shows, workshops, capacity of 50 exhibitions, conventions, meetings, product - Common area including coffeehouse, offices, . . presentations, performances, theatre plays, toilets, lounge, catering area and 24-h interior fashion shows, concerts… and exterior security surveillance The Exhibition and Conference Centre covers a All halls and rooms have audiovisual devices, surface area of 21,000 sq m and features the office equipment, lighting system, storing facilities following facilities: and sign writing services. Estepona Estepona . . 72 Málaga, Sun and Culture Estepona Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 73 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Estepona USEFUL INFORMATION Surface area: 136.80 km2. Population: Around 50,000. Name given to the local people: Esteponeros. Location: On the western part of the Costa del Sol. The district borders the region of Ronda to the north and the urban area is on the coast. Average annual rainfall is 900 l/m2 and the average annual temperature is 17º C. What to see: Church of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios (Our Lady of Good Remedy), Torre del Reloj (clock tower), Calvario chapel, the Castle walls, Marqués de Mondéjar Palace, Casa de la Borrega, watchtowers, Ethnography Museum, Bullfighting Museum, Palaontology Museum, Archaeology Museum. Tourist Information: Town Hall, Plaza de Blas Infante, 1 (29680). Tel.: 952 801 100. Fax: 952 793 977. Tourist Office, Avenida de San Lorenzo, 1. Tel.: 952 802 002. Fax: 952 792 181. Estepona Estepona . . 74 Málaga, Sun and Culture Estepona Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 75 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU The district of Estepona is almost entirely in settlement of Saldaba (whereas others believe it the shadow of the majestic Sierra Bermeja, a was in Marbella), and some even cite Cilciana mountain range with huge volcanic rocks that as the town's origin. Anyways, on El Torreón hill, contain peridotite, a mineral rich in iron oxide ruins were found that may well be part of this that tinges the land with a reddish hue. Here you ancient settlement. will find Los Reales de Sierra Bermeja Natural Area, with the highest peak reaching 1,449 m However, it is known that the town was besieged and the largest masses of peridotite in southern by Lucius Marcius because its residents had Europe. This area, covering a surface area of remained loyal to the Carthaginians until it fell to 1,236 hectares, contains the only Spanish fir the Romans in 208 B.C. Later, and after the forest that grows on this type of rock. usual clashes between Muslims and Christians - Alfonso XI won a historic battle near Estepona in Thus, the area is extraordinarily important in 1342, crushing the resurgent Moors- the town ecological terms, with a spectacular landscape was conquered by Henry IV, under whose rule and monumental peaks that offer breathtaking the San Luis Castle was built. The ruins of this views over the coast. From the mountains, you castle can still be seen today in Castillo Street. can see as far as the Atlas Mountains, in Africa. The town was subject to the jurisdiction of In the lower parts, the water that flows down Marbella until 1729, when Phillip V granted its through the mountains feeds into short rivers independence by means of a carta de villazgo to the east (Padrón, Castor and Velerín) on (town charter), which is kept in the town whose banks there are orchards of citrus and archives. other fruit trees. To the west, there are some fruit trees, cropland, low mountains and HOW TO GET THERE pasturelands, in sharp contrast with the Since it is on the western tip of the Costa del coastal strip, where, in addition to the town, Sol, Estepona can be easily reached from the you will also find many residential areas, since AP-7 motorway or the N-340 coastal road: just Estepona is a top tourist destination. follow the signs. However, the town has attempted to avoid falling WHAT TO SEE into the trap of creating a giant urban sprawl and Of particular note is the Virgen de los so there are still large green areas in between Remedios Church, in the Plaza de San heavily built-up areas, and even these offer Francisco. Its large tower has four levels and some open spaces. The excellent urban the uppermost is crowned by a roof with development planning led the town to be ceramic tiles in two different colours, which can granted the "Live in Spain-CISA 2004" award. be seen from anywhere in the town. It was built in the eighteenth century and initially was part The town's origins are uncertain, but it seems of the Franciscan monastery that was later Estepona Estepona that the Phoenicians settled here and turned it dismantled, like so many other religious into a trade centre which they named Astapa. buildings in Spain after the anticlerical Some historians link Estepona with the Iberian measures applied in 1835. Its interior is divided . . 76 Málaga, Sun and Culture Estepona Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 77 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU into three vaulted naves and a transept with a dome, and its façade has a beautiful stone Rococo entrance incorporating some features that recall late Latin American Baroque style. The Torre del Reloj (Clock Tower) was part of a former parish church that was built in the last third of the fifteenth century. It underwent extensive restoration in the nineteenth century following the Classical style and some of the decorative features are even Baroque, a style that has been popular in Andalusia since its inception. El Calvario (Calvary) Chapel, like the Virgen de los Remedios (Our Lady of Good Remedy) Church, also dates back to the eighteenth century. From an architectural point of view, it is a very simple little building with a square floor plan. The walls of the fifteenth-century Castle and the ruins of El Nicio Castle in the area of El Padrón are more important for their historical rather than their architectural value, since only some remains have been preserved. Only part of the walls and several towers are still standing today, but this ninth-century fortress played an important role in Omar Ben Hafsum's rebellion against the Caliphate of Córdoba. There are museums here. The Ethnography Museum at close by, from the Palaeolithic period up until the also several stately homes or palaces from the the Bullring has an interesting collection of fifteenth century. These two museums are also eighteenth century, such as the palace of the utensils and tools used for fishing and farming, housed within the Bullring. Marquis of Mondéjar and the Casa de la Borrega. activities that are still carried out in the town today. FIESTAS On the way into and out of Estepona, along the The Antonio Ordóñez Bullfighting Museum, also The country is reflected in the festivities coast, you will see a series of watchtowers that in the Bullring, has a collection of photographs, honouring San Isidro Labrador (Saint Isidore were built in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, posters and costumes that once belonged to the Farmer, 15 May) when an image of the primarily for defence against Berber pirate very famous bullfighters. The Paleontology Saint is carried through the town in a attacks, which were so frequent at that time. Museum has a collection of fossils from the procession. The major fiestas take place in the There are a total of seven Muslim and Castilian Pliocene epoch (some four million years ago) first week of July, and are now held at the towers along 21 km of coastline. that have been found in Estepona. It contains fairground and in the town centre. A few days Estepona Estepona If visitors have enough time during their stay in more than 2,000 fossils representing 600 later, on 16 July, the locals show their devotion Estepona, they can explore the town's long species. The Archaeology Museum has a to the Virgen del Carmen in a moving history and traditions by visiting the four collection of objects from all archaeological sites procession that pays tribute to the sea, a . . 78 Málaga, Sun and Culture Estepona Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 79 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU tradition seen all along the coast of Málaga. Fire is at the centre of the fiesta held on the night of St John, when the júas (figures of Judas) are burned in several places around the district. FOOD Traditional local cuisine has been expanded on as a result of the huge influx of tourists into the area, so much so that almost every restaurant now offers international cuisine. However, Estepona's seafaring tradition has not only survived but, precisely because of tourism, has been given a boost, and the delicious pescaíto frito (small fried fish) is one of the most typical dishes here. LEISURE The tourism boom that Estepona has experienced in recent decades resulted in the creation of a number of high quality leisure centres that are top tourist attractions in the area. Mention should be made of the Escuela de Arte Ecuestre Costa del Sol (Costa del Sol School of Equestrian Arts), which puts on nice horse shows. The recently constructed Palacio de Congresos y Exposiciones (Convention and Exhibition Centre), which can hold up to 2,500 people, has hosted a wide range of different activities since it was first opened. The local marina offers the usual water sports as well as a very lively late night scene, with restaurants, bars and nightclubs. Selwo Aventura (Autovía Costa del Sol, Km. 162.5; Tel.: 902 190 482) is one of the largest and most interesting parks of its kind in Europe. Visitors can see over 2,000 animals from the five continents, living in a semi-wild environment, in Estepona Estepona an area that covers more than a million square metres. The park offers a tour by jeep and there is also an ethnic village with huts where you can spend the night. . . 80 Málaga, Sun and Culture Estepona Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 81 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU index. Frigiliana Málaga, Sun and Culture . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS "Casa de Aperos" Cultural Centre page 84 Krabbe Art Gallery page 85 Frigiliana . 82 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 83 c ASA DE APEROS CULTURAL CENTRE Frigiliana k RABBE ART GALLERY Frigiliana USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Cuesta de Aperos, 10 Address: C/ Rosarico "La Joaquín," 12 29788 Frigiliana 29788 Frigiliana Tel.: (+34) 952 534 261 Tel.: (+34) 952 534 214 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Casa de Aperos Cultural Centre The building of the "Casa de Aperos" collection is that coming from the excavations in Krabbe Art Gallery was founded by Cultural Centre, in Frigiliana, is part of the the Cortijo de las Sombras necropolis. Currently, Dorthe and Caroline Krabbe, mother and complex that makes up the Condes de Frigiliana the museum building is being extended. daughter, both from Denmark, who have been Krabbe Art Gallery Palace. living in Spain since 1981. For several years, they had been looking forward to opening an art It's a 2-floor brick-and-mortar building boasting gallery, when two garages appeared at the right considerable beauty and historic value, a good time and place. Three months later, following example of the architectural style from late renovation work, the garages opened their doors sixteenth or early seventeenth centuries. Easily to the public transformed into art gallery, on 12 accessed, it has a big parking area. June 2004. The first art show exhibited paintings and sculptures, the exhibit being named "Arte . . Its facilities are: Contemporáneo Andaluz" or Andalusian Contemporary Art. Visitors were able to enjoy the . Hall to show temporary and travelling interesting variety of works of art and meet the exhibitions. It's also used to host different cultural artists in the charming village of Frigiliana. activities such as courses, meetings, concerts, Caroline Krabbe is the manager and Dorthe is a film screenings, and others. ceramist and the art gallery's director. Frigiliana Frigiliana . Frigiliana Archaeological Museum. It takes visitors to the oldest days of Frigiliana. The star . . 84 Málaga, Sun and Culture Frigiliana Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 85 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Frigiliana USEFUL INFORMATION Surface area: 40 km2. Population: Around 2,834. Name given to the local people: Frigilianenses. Nickname: Aguanosos. Location: Eastern part of the Axarquía region, at the foothills of the Sierra de Almijara range. The village is more than 430 m above sea level, 56 km from the capital of the province, and only 6 km from Nerja. The average annual rainfall of the area is around 600 l/m2, and the average annual temperature, 18° C. What to see: St. Anthony's Church, old public granary, Palace of the Counts of Frigiliana, Ecce Homo Chapel, De Lizar Castle Walls, Del Apero Palace, menhir (Argaric culture), Phoenician necropolis. Tourist Information: Town Hall, C/ Real, 80 (29788). Tel.: (+34) 534 261. Fax: (+34) 952 533 434. Frigiliana Frigiliana . . 86 Málaga, Sun and Culture Frigiliana Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 87 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Part of the district of Frigiliana sits on the southern slope of the Sierra de Almijara range. This area shows a more complex relief, rich in contrasts, with peaks not as high as the mountains but well over 1,000 m high, as the Sierra de Enmedio range (1,164 m), or very near that height, such as El Fuerte peak (976 m). The Chíllar River marks the boundary between the districts of Frigiliana and Nerja, and its tributary, the Higuerón River, at the so called Gorges of the Higuerón River, gives these lands one of the most beautiful natural spots of the area, which together with the cliffs and gorges of the Chíllar, make up a truly astonishing landscape. The terraced market gardens that go down from the village towards the coastal area, between the dazzling white of the houses and the deep blue of the Mediterranean, is another characteristic feature of the area that will remain in the visitors' memory for a long time. It's more than likely that travellers coming to Frigiliana for the first time have a preconceived idea of the village, because many clichés usually used to describe the typical Andalusian mountain village overlooking the sea have been used to depict it. In this case, however, all the clichés are true, but are overridden by an unutterable offer the visitor a mixture of different aromas of days. And very near the village, at Cerrillo de sensation, which is as difficult to explain as it is unknown origin, ancient history in modern las Sombras, there's a necropolis that dates easy to perceive, and which perhaps can only be whitewash. And once out of the cosiness of the from Phoenician times (seventh and sixth described as sheer fascination. narrow streets, there's the wideness of a centuries B.C.). superb landscape on the eastern Costa del Sol. The old part of the village of Frigiliana is The Romans settled here in 206 B.C. through considered one of the best preserved in the The remains found in 1987 in the De los treaties with the native population, and Frigiliana province, as it keeps its original Moorish plan. Its Murciélagos Cave show the presence of man in became part of Conventus de Gades. The name chaotic layout -chaotic from a twenty-first this territory from the end of the Neolithic period of the village is of Roman origins and derives century point of view- keeps the visitors in (3000 B.C.) until the Chalcolithic period or from Frexinius (maybe some local character we Frigiliana Frigiliana constant amazement. Unexpected architectural Copper Age (2000 B.C.). From the Argaric know nothing about) plus the suffix -ana, which features and streets, alleys, passages, stairs, culture that came later there is a menhir that in Spanish indicates origin and property, that is, flowers and plants in the most unlikely places shows that man also roamed the area in those place or village of Frexinius. . . 88 Málaga, Sun and Culture Frigiliana Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 89 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Since the arrival of the Moors to the Iberian From that date on, until the nineteenth century, old part of town. It has been turned into private Peninsula, in 711, until the end of the ninth Frigiliana suffered misfortune after misfortune - housing, and only the arcades of the main century, when the fortress was built, very little is either a plague decimating the population, or a façade of the old building remain. The Palace of known of the history of Frigiliana, except that it storm destroying the crops, or an earthquake, or the the Counts of Frigiliana is an old mansion of the was under the leadership of Umar ibn Hafsun phylloxera infesting the grapevines, or an outbreak sixteenth century that was later turned into a and that from the thirteenth to the fifteenth of yellow fever that ravaged the population. It was sugar mill. It was built in Renaissance style, and century, it belonged to the Nasrid kingdom. The only with the arrival of tourism that Frigiliana, like the takes up an area of 2,000 m2. The ashlars of the village surrendered to Christian troops in 1485, rest of the Costa del Sol, entered a booming era. façade belonged to the pulled-down Arabian without any bloodshed. castle of the area. HOW TO GET THERE But little by little, the Moors were stripped of the Take the Autovía del Mediterráneo (A-7; N-340) As the sugar mill is concerned, it's worth few rights they had been left (they farmed the towards Motril, and before getting to Nerja, take mentioning that for many years, the Axarquía worst lands, were forbidden to speak or write in the MA-105, which leads straight to Frigiliana. region based its economy on sugar production, their language and wear their customary which today has been replaced in part by clothes). Then the Moorish uprising in Las WHAT TO SEE tropical fruit growing. The sugar mill was the Alpujarras took place, which was brutally The old part of town, as we have already place where sugar cane was transformed into a crushed by the Christians. The Moors of the mentioned, is a gift to the eye that no one should readily edible product. Axarquía and Montes de Málaga regions, miss. Perhaps tourism, especially in high season waiting for the help promised by Aben Humeya (from July to September), mars the enjoyment of The Ecce Homo or Santo Cristo de la Caña (Umayyad) from Las Alpujarras and also from the many singularities of this village, but it's the price (Holy Christ of the Cane) Chapel dates from the north of Africa, took shelter in the peak one has to pay when tourists flock to a place. This the eighteenth century. It's a very simple called El Fuerte (the fort), where approximately doesn't mean that the village is just a display for building with a single nave accessible through 7,000 of them gathered. visitors. On the contrary, it's a living town that was an atrium with a semicircular arch. In the upper destined to share its peculiarities with people from part of town, fragments of the walls of the On May 28, 1569, the mayor of Vélez launched all over the world, and still admirably preserves its ninth-century Lizar Castle still stand. The the first assault with the unfortunate outcome of cultural and historical heritage for those who know entrance ramp to the fortress can also be 20 dead and 150 wounded among the Christians. how to find it. seen. The Del Apero Palace (seventeenth Just at that time, 25 galleys of the Spanish tercios century) used to be linked to the sugar mill, of Italy were sailing the Mediterranean, and Vélez St. Anthony's Church is the most important religious though its original function was to serve as asked their help to crush the rebels of Frigiliana. building of Frigiliana. It was built in the seventeenth barn, stables, and farming tool storehouse. It This time, 6,000 men fought the Moors, who in century and renovated in the eighteenth. It has has a rectangular floor plan and its rooms are spite of their fierce resistance, were defeated on three naves separated by pilasters, covered by a placed around an internal patio. It houses the June 11, 1569. There were 2,000 dead among the wooden framework. The transept is higher thanks Archaeological Museum, which displays a Moors, and 3,000 were taken prisoners (2,000 to a lanterned dome. The temple houses an series of Iberian-Phoenician tombs, among ran away). On the Christian side, 400 soldiers eighteenth-century statue of St. Anthony carved in other artefacts. died and 800 were injured. polychromatic wood. On the outside, the church has a simple brick façade with a semicircular arch Of the archaeological sites of Frigiliana, the The battle of Peñón de Frigiliana has been and a three-level bell tower. aforementioned menhir, from the Argaric culture Frigiliana Frigiliana represented as a blind's man ballad on glazed (1500 B.C.), located at the Mudéjar quarter, and ceramic panels created by Amparo Ruiz de Luna, The royal silo of the old granaries is a building the Phoenician necropolis, at Cerrillo de las which can be seen in several parts of town. dating from the eighteenth century located in the Sombras, are the most important. . . 90 Málaga, Sun and Culture Frigiliana Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 91 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU August, congregates numerous national and FIESTAS international folk groups who show their The patron celebrations in homage to St. traditional dances at the village sports centre. At Sebastian take place at the beginning of the year, the beginning of September, the candle on January 20, but since 1967 they have been celebrations (Candelarias), bring old music to reduced to their religious character: a Mass and a the beat of the zambombas and the almireces procession with the images of St. Sebastian, St. (traditional percussion instruments). Anthony of Padua, and St. Anthony Abbot, as the popular celebrations have been transferred to St. FOOD Anthony of Padua's Day, June 13, due to the Being so close to the coast and welcoming such weather conditions at that time of year. In large numbers of visitors resulted in the village February, during carnival time, there are theatrical cuisine including international dishes in addition and musical performances, and a night party is to local specialties. The latter include kid served organised. with different sauces, ajocolorao (a kind of soup), flour migas (a dish based on flour, water, The most important day of the Holy Week is Good oil and garlic), and Holy Week stews, made with Friday, when the Parish Church stages Jesus' cod. These dishes, together with egg and flour death and his taking down from the cross, after omelettes dipped in sugar-cane syrup (a highly which the procession of the Holy Sepulchre takes appreciated product in the area), make up the to the streets. However, the procession of the most typical cuisine of Frigiliana. Virgin of Solitude is the most solemn -the streets are lighted by the candles carried by women, Arropía and marcochas, whose main ingredient which gives the town an unusual appearance. is golden syrup, are the most traditional sweet dishes of the district, where sweet potato with May 1 is the Day of the Horse, and the sugar-cane syrup is also very popular. According celebrations take place at the Cañada del Ingenio to some historians, the muscatel wine produced dell, where people try the typical foodstuffs of the in Frigiliana is famous since Roman times, no less! area, and afterwards attend a horse taming exhibition. Two days after that, the villagers gather flowers, food and drink in preparation for May Crosses celebration, in which religious, culinary and folkloric traditions are combined to make a big popular night party at the Church's Square. On June 13, St. Anthony of Padua's Day, a pilgrimage is organised. The image of the Saint is taken on an oxcart to Pozo Viejo, a place by the Frigiliana Frigiliana Higuerón River, where the pilgrims gather to have a picnic in the coolness of the shady pines. The popular dancing contest, at the beginning of . . 92 Málaga, Sun and Culture Frigiliana Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 93 www.visitcostadelsol.com c INESUR MIRAMAR Fuengirola TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU USEFUL INFORMATION index. Fuengirola Málaga, Sun and Culture Address: Avda. de la Encarnación, s/n Opposite Sohail Castle. Parque Miramar 29640 Fuengirola Tel.: 902 504 150 (only from Spain) (+34) 952 198 600 Website: www.cinesur.com . CINEMAS Cinesur Miramar page 95 DESCRIPTION SERVICES Alfil Cineplex . page 96 THEATRES Surround sound Dolby Digital Surround EX Audience Day: Wednesday Big screens Disabled access Palacio de la Paz page 97 Cinesur Miramar Wide ergonomic seats Films in original version Salón Varietés Theatre page 98 Tiered seats Air conditioning Number of screens: 12 Buffet . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS Total audience capacity: 2,020 Children's seats Discount to people over 65 Student card Fuengirola House of Culture page 99 Youth card Sohail Castle . page 100 Parking Colectivo Imagen page 101 Morning show Late show H RU-H Contemporary Art Gallery page 102 Advance ticket sales Online ticket sales Ticket sales by phone Fuengirola Venue hire Tiered seats . 94 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 95 a LFIL CINEPLEX Fuengirola p ALACIO DE LA PAZ Fuengirola USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Camilo José Cela, s/n Address: Recinto Ferial, s/n 29640 Fuengirola Tel.: (+34) 952 585 836 Tel.: (+34) 952 593 587 902 221 622 (only from Spain) DESCRIPTION Recently opened, this is a new cultural centre, located in the fairground. It has a Audience Day: Wednesday total audience capacity of 800. The building Couple Day: Thursday design makes it perfect for any cultural activity Palacio de la Paz Number of screens: 8 one can think of. It has all the necessary stage Total audience capacity: 1,125 Alfil Cineplex equipments, sound and lighting systems to feature different audiovisual shows. It is used mainly to host big exhibitions, trade shows and concerts. Jointly with the permanent fairground premises, . . in April every year the Peoples' International Fair takes place, in which folklore and food from the five continents find their special space. This event has become the biggest cultural fair of Spain, since it draws in around one thousand artists and Fuengirola Fuengirola 800,000 visitors. . . 96 Málaga, Sun and Culture Fuengirola Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 97 www.visitcostadelsol.com s ALÓN VARIETÉS THEATRE Fuengirola fUENGIROLA HOUSE OF CULTURE Fuengirola USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Emancipación, s/n Address: Avda. Juan Gómez "Juanito," 12 29640 Fuengirola 29640 Fuengirola Tel.: (+34) 952 474 542 Tel.: (+34) 952 599 349 / 952 589 349 Fax: (+34) 952 463 659 Fax: (+34) 952 589 357 E-mail: email@example.com Fuengirola House of Culture The Salón Varietés Theatre is a The site is part of the Fuengirola space that offers concerts and plays in English. Town Hall. It organises different cultural events, Salón Varietés Theatre The edifice was built in 1925 and was converted such as exhibitions, training courses and into a cinema theatre in 1956. Further renovation workshops, music concerts and poetry recitals. works transformed it into a theatre featuring tragedies, comedies, jazz concerts and ballet It is busy all the year round, offering art shows, performances -once in a while, it offers Spanish theatre plays, music concerts and dance classical dance shows. performances. At present, the theatre gets support from an association of friends (FOTA) whose members . . are mostly out-of-town people; lately, however, many Spanish citizens have joined the group. This theatre, located in a square in the centre of Fuengirola, has turned its terrace into a singular Fuengirola Fuengirola meeting point on the Costa del Sol. . . 98 Málaga, Sun and Culture Fuengirola Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 99 www.visitcostadelsol.com s OHAIL CASTLE Fuengirola c OLECTIVO IMAGEN Fuengirola USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Ctra. N-340 towards Marbella Address: Puebla Lucía - C/ Maestra Ángeles 29640 Fuengirola Azpiazu, s/n Tel.: (+34) 952 589 349 29640 Fuengirola E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.colectivoimagen.com Old fortress that has been renovated Opening hours: Mon, Wed, and Fri, to be used as a space to host music shows. from 8:30 p.m. to 10:30 p.m. The auditorium at this Islamic castle offers all Colectivo Imagen types of cultural events in a magnificent Sohail Castle environment, from music performances to theatre plays, dance festivals, and more. In the summer, it hosts the "Ciudad de Fuengirola" International Dance & Music Festival, a huge Medieval market and the "Tapeo" Fair. . . Fuengirola Fuengirola . . 100 Málaga, Sun and Culture Fuengirola Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 101 www.visitcostadelsol.com r U-H CONTEMPORARY ART GALLERY H Fuengirola TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ del Castillo, 5 29640 Fuengirola Tel.: (+34) 952 474 982 E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.galeriaru-h.com RU-H Contemporary Art Gallery The RU-H aims at showcasing and trading contemporary artworks, with a single idea in mind: "We bet on quality contemporary arts, beyond any 'isms'." . H Fuengirola Fuengirola . . 102 Málaga, Sun and Culture Fuengirola Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 103 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Given the size of its population and its Fuengirola popularity with tourists, it is almost paradoxical that Fuengirola only covers an area of 10 km2, USEFUL INFORMATION when it also has an 8-km beach. The paradox might be explained by the fact that when the Surface area: 10.20 km2. land was first divided up, no one could have Population: Around 60,000. foreseen that the tourist boom of the twentieth Name given to the local people: Fuengiroleños century would shatter not only the government- Location: On the western tip of the Costa del Sol, imposed boundaries, but even more so, the bordering the towns of Mijas and Benalmádena. nineteenth century notion of natural urban The city is 27 km from Málaga and 8 km from development. Mijas. Average annual rainfall is 570 l/m2 and the average annual temperature is 18º C. With its own boundaries overrun by a formidable What to see: Sohail Castle, archaeological site at increase in travellers' flow, the city has had to Suel, Finca de Acevedo and Finca de Secretario, expand towards the neighbouring town of Mijas, City History Museum. with the curious result that half of a particular Tourist Information: street belongs to Fuengirola and the other half to Tourist Office, Mijas. Historical records show that Phoenician Avda. Jesús Santos Rein, 6 (29640). settlers founded Fuengirola, although it seems Tel.: (+34) 952 467 457 probable that several Iberian tribes had also . Fax: (+34) 952 465 100. been present in this enclave, which sits halfway between Cádiz and Málaga. The Phoenicians set up a salted fish trading post at a place they called Suel, and from there they traded with other Mediterranean cities. The Romans made Suel a federated town, which was assigned by Augustus to the conventus of Gades (Cádiz). It is believed that in those times there was a very powerful oligarchy in place here and that the inhabitants worshipped Neptune. There are hardly any records of the Visigoth era, but we do know a lot about the Muslim period. During the caliphate of Abd-ar-Rahman III, the castle in the western part of the town was enlarged. The castle nestles on a hill next to the river also called Fuengirola. It was in this castle Fuengirola Fuengirola that Henry II of Castile and Yusuf I, a Nasrid ruler, signed a truce in 1340 that led to a trade boom. The fortress has now been restored and converted into an open-air auditorium. The . . 104 Málaga, Sun and Culture Fuengirola Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 105 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Arabs changed the name from Suel to Sohail, this museum with models that describe the being the name of a star in the Argos constellation monument's history. that, the story goes, could only be seen from the castle itself. Due to the profound and rapid changes that have taken place in the city over the last three Following the Catholic Monarchs' conquest in decades, hardly any traces remain of the former 1487, the castle was destroyed, but the frequent fishermen's neighbourhood, and even less of the pirate raids that plagued the Mediterranean coast market gardens that used to stretch right down forced them restore it. Years later, during the War to the sea. This area is completely taken up with of Independence, French, English and Spaniards a magnificent seafront promenade -one of the fought over the fortress due to its status as a longest on the Spanish coast- where locals and strategic defensive location. visitors alike gaze out to sea. Bars, large terraces, shops, restaurants and landscaped The city's current name comes from the term areas line the 8 km of promenade, which also girolas, ships that Genovese sailors used to fish includes a bustling marina and beach restaurants for small fish or boliche, a word that was also where you can sample the local seafood. used for the previously separate township of Santa Fe de los Boliches, which is now a part of In contrast with this modern tourism-related Fuengirola proper. infrastructure, the archaeological sites in the area offer visitors the chance to discover HOW TO GET THERE Fuengirola's ancient history. In Suel, by the The Autopista del Mediterráneo motorway (A-7; mouth of the River Fuengirola, remains have N-340) provides an excellent communication link been unearthed of an aqueduct, mosaics, between Fuengirola and the rest of the Costa del epigraphs and parts of ancient dwellings, as Sol. You can also get here by train (Route C-2 on well as several burial sites south of the castle. the Cercanías or commuter line) from Málaga, All of this was linked to the salted fish industry, Torremolinos and Arroyo de la Miel in particular the production of garum (a kind of (Benalmádena) or from the airport. fish sauce). WHAT TO SEE On the left bank of the river there is a cemetery, The Sohail Castle, which was destroyed and and Finca de Acevedo still has traces of a salted rebuilt several times, is without any doubt the fish trading post with dwellings and a late most emblematic monument in Fuengirola, Roman necropolis, while at Finca del Secretario, both for its long and eventful history and its by the Pajares Stream, salting troughs have unmistakable profile, which has become the been found in addition to bathhouses, ovens, symbol of the city. The fortress is surrounded dwellings and a sculpture of Venus from the by imposing square towers, and every part of it second century A.D. Likewise, in Torreblanca del Fuengirola Fuengirola has been meticulously restored to prevent Sol, near Las Presas Stream, some bathhouses deterioration and turn it into a cultural and have been found that had been converted into a tourism site. It is now home to a remarkable salted factory, as well as a cistern and a Visigoth open-air auditorium and inside there is a small necropolis. . . 106 Málaga, Sun and Culture Fuengirola Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 107 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU The City History Museum looks back at over 2600 In the evening, there's special excitement both years of local history in this beautiful at the fairground -a model that has been Mediterranean city. exported to other parts of Andalusia- and inside the numerous tents. But horses take centre FIESTAS stage at the fair, stamping the most famous In Fuengirola, the fiestas begin with Holy Week, image of this celebration on the entire town. a period that combines magnificent processions with the start of the beach season, since the The International Nations' Exhibition takes place region's mild climate permits sunbathing this over four days in late March or early April, giving early in the year, except on the rare occasions visitors the chance to find out about typical food that it rains. On the eve of St. John (23 June), and folklore from over 30 countries and Spanish Fuengiroleños also burn the júas (Judas) and regions. on the day of the Virgen del Carmen in July, the small neighbourhood of Los Boliches FOOD commemorates its seafaring tradition by The highly cosmopolitan nature of the town led carrying a statue of the Virgin in a procession, its cuisine to adapt to modern times, so it is not first on fishing boats -a beautiful ritual easy to talk about typical local cuisine except, of performed in all coastal villages in Málaga- and course, for the fish caught off its coast, which are then through the streets of the town. generally served fried. Pescado a la sal or pescado al horno (fish baked in salt) is also a Over the summer, the town really comes alive traditional dish, as is of course rice with seafood. with festivities. In July, the Fuengirola Music and Dance Festival is held at the Sohail LEISURE Castle, featuring leading artists and famous The Palacio de la Paz is a recently constructed orchestras. The Musical Theatre Festival has cultural complex that covers an area of 2,000 m2 recently been added to the festive calendar, and can hold up to 1,800 people. Its facilities can bringing the best musical shows to the Palacio host any kind of event or show, even those that, de la Paz. In August the Veladilla del due to their nature, cannot be held on a Veraneante (Holidaymaker Day), which marks conventional stage. the end of the summer festival season, serves as the prelude to the great Feria de Octubre Fuengirola Zoo (Tel.: (+34) 952 666 301), (October Fair) in honour of the Virgen del located in the heart of the city, was designed so Rosario (Lady of the Rosary). that the animals could enjoy the greatest possible freedom, and great care has been The Rosario fiestas are among the most taken to recreate the natural habitat of the many popular in Andalusia, and are internationally species that live here. Animals from all five renowned for their equestrian shows. There are continents are separated from one another by Fuengirola Fuengirola bullfights, horse and carriage exhibitions, spacious green areas, playgrounds and water dressage and riding shows, all combined with attractions that draw the visitor into an the best flamenco performances. astonishing landscape. . . 108 Málaga, Sun and Culture Fuengirola Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 109 www.visitcostadelsol.com index. Málaga a LAMEDA CINEPLEX Málaga Málaga, Sun and Culture . TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU CINEMAS USEFUL INFORMATION Alameda Cineplex page 111 Albéniz Cineplex page 112 Address: C/ Córdoba, 9 Cinesur Málaga Nostrum page 113 29001 Málaga Cinesur Larios page 114 Tel.: (+34) 952 213 412 Rosaleda Cineplex page 115 .Yelmo Cineplex Plaza Mayor THEATRES Ateneo de Málaga page 116 page 117 Lux Cinemax Vialia Málaga pág. 118 Provincial Cultural Centre page 119 Alameda Theatre page 120 Cánovas Theatre page 121 .Cervantes Theatre CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS Centre of Contemporary Art page 122 page 123 Civic Centre page 124 Provincial Cultural Centre (C.C.P. Government of Málaga) page 125 DESCRIPTION Málaga Federation of Physicians page 126 San Telmo School of Art page 127 SERVICES Number of screens: 3 Espacio Tres Málaga. Contemporary Art page 128 Total audience capacity: 734 Air conditioning Picasso Foundation Alameda Cineplex page 129 Alfredo Viñas Art Gallery Audience Day: Wednesday page 130 Arte y Diseño Art Gallery page 131 Buffet JM Art Gallery (Javier Marín) page 132 Discount to people over 65 Nova Art Gallery page 133 Youth Card Benedito Art Gallery page 134 Cincoechegaray Art Gallery page 135 Gacma Art Gallery page 136 . Customs Palace page 137 Ámbito Cultural Exhibition Hall page 138 Cajamar Málaga Exhibition Hall page 139 Alameda Exhibition Hall page 140 Federaton of Master Builders - Exhibition Hall page 141 Unicaja MENA Exhibition Hall page 142 Episcopal Palace Exhibition Hall page 143 Málaga Didier Daurat Exhibition Hall page 144 Moreno Villa Exhibition Hall page 145 Gades Hall. Cervantes Theatre page 146 Amigos del País Association . page 147 Gravura Prints & Art Gallery page 148 Index 110 Málaga, Sun and Culture 111 a LBÉNIZ CINEPLEX Málaga c INESUR MÁLAGA NOSTRUM Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Alcazabilla, 4 Address: Ctra. Azucarera Interhorce 29015 Málaga 29004 Málaga Tel.: (+34) 952 215 898 Tel.: 902 504 150 (only from Spain) 902 221 622 (only from Spain) (+34) 952 176 318 DESCRIPTION SERVICES DESCRIPTION SERVICES Cinesur Málaga Nostrum Audience Day: Wednesday Air conditioning Number of screens: 21 Audience Day: Wednesday Number of screens: 4 Parking area Total audience capacity: 5,100 Air conditioning Albéniz Cineplex Total audience capacity: 1,148 Late show Disabled access Parking Buffet Cyber cafe Advance ticket sales Venue hire Tiered seats . . Ticket sales by phone Online ticket sales Morning show Late show Childcare Youth card Discount to people over 65 Málaga Málaga . . 112 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 113 www.visitcostadelsol.com c INESUR LARIOS Málaga r OSALEDA MULTICINES Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Larios Shopping Centre - Paseo Address: Avda. Simón Bolívar, s/n de los Tilos, s/n 29011 Málaga - Rosaleda Shopping Centre 29002 Málaga Tel.: (+34) 952 394 708 Tel.: 902 504 150 (only fron Spain) 902 221 622 (only from Spain) (+34) 952 369 260 Website: www.cinesur.com DESCRIPTION SERVICES DESCRIPTION Audience Day: Wednesday Disabled access Audience Day: Wednesday SERVICES Number of screens: 10 Air conditioning Number of screens: 12 Rosaleda Cineplex Total audience capacity: 1,400 Parking Total audience capacity: 1,165 Air conditioning Cinesur Larios Buffet Parking Venue hire Morning show Youth card Late show Discount to people over 65 Surround sound Online ticket sales Ticket sales by phone . . Morning show Late show Surround sound Málaga Málaga . . 114 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 115 www.visitcostadelsol.com y ELMO CINEPLEX PLAZA MAYOR Málaga a TENEO DE MÁLAGA Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Plaza Mayor Leisure Park - Avda Address: Edif. San Telmo - C/ Compañía, 2 Alfonso Ponce de León, 1. Highway E-15. Tel.: (+34) 952 040 128 Exit: Parador de Golf Website: www.ateneodemalaga.org 29004 Málaga Tel.: 902 902 103 / 902 220 922 (only from Spain) Fax: (+34) 951 231 993 Website: www.yelmocineplex.es Yelmo Cineplex Plaza Mayor DESCRIPTION SERVICES Since it started operating in its current premises in 1966, it has played a Audience Day: Monday Disabled access significant role in the cultural and social life of the Number of screens: 20 Air conditioning Ateneo de Málaga capital of the province. It offers lectures, Total audience capacity: 4,882 Parking presentations, painting or sculpture exhibitions, Bar among other cultural events. Tiered seats Children's seats Discount to people over 65 Youth card Student card . . Morning show Late show Numbered seats Surround sound Advance ticket sales Online ticket sales Ticket sales by phone Málaga Málaga . . 116 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 117 www.visitcostadelsol.com lUX CINEMAS VIALIA MÁLAGA Málaga p ROVINCIAL CULTURAL CENTRE Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Explanada de la Estación, s/n Address: C/ Ollerías, s/n 29002 Málaga Tel.: (+34) 952 133 930 Tel.: (+34) 952 360 081 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.luxcinemas.com Lux Cinemas Vialia Málaga DESCRIPTION SERVICES With the support of authors from Provincial Cultural Centre Málaga, the Government of Málaga built this Audience Day: Thursday Disabled access space in 1999. Its goal is to promote and develop Number of screens: 13 Air conditioning culture in all its fields: theatre, music, Total audience capacity: 2,450 Bar and coffee shop performances by young artists and a wide range of Children's seats shows. It has a capacity of 300. Discount for people over 65 Youth card Student card Morning show (weekends and public holidays) Late show . . Numbered seats Surround sound Advance ticket sales Online ticket sales Ticket sales by phone Málaga Málaga . . 118 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 119 www.visitcostadelsol.com a LAMEDA THEATRE Málaga c ÁNOVAS THEATRE Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Córdoba, 9 Address: Plaza del Ejido, 5 Tel.: (+34) 952 213 412 Tel.: (+34) 952 260 611 Website: www.teatroalameda.com Website: www.teatro-canovas.org Recently built, this modern space is A project of the Culture Ministry of located in the heart of Málaga City. It has three the Andalusian Government inaugurated in halls and a total capacity of 734. Main activities: September 2002. Most performances -theatre, film, lyric performances, theatre plays. music, dance- are framed within the modern Alameda Theatre Cánovas Theatre movement. It has a capacity of 340. . . Málaga Málaga . . 120 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 121 www.visitcostadelsol.com c ERVANTES THEATRE Málaga m ÁLAGA CONTEMPORARY ARTS CENTRE Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Ramos Marín, s/n Address: C/ Alemania, s/n Tel.: (+34) 952 224 109 29001 Málaga Website: www.teatrocervantes.com Tel.: (+34) 952 120 055 Ticket sales by phone: 902 360 295 (only Fax: (+34) 952 210 177 from Spain) Website: www.cacmalaga.org Centre of Contemporary Art The Miguel de Cervantes Theatre, The Málaga Contemporary Arts HOURS built over the ruins of the Príncipe Alfonso Centre, known as CAC Málaga, is a gallery that Theatre, was re-opened on 6 April 1987 by showcases twentieth- and twenty-first-century The CAC is open Tue-Sun from 10:00 a.m. to Cervantes Theatre Queen Sofía, and was granted the category of works of art. Opened in 2003, it has already 8:00 p.m., or Tue-Sun from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 Historic-Artistic Monument. At present, it has a established itself as one of the leading galleries p.m. and from 5:00 to 9:00 p.m. in the summer. capacity of 1,171, including seats and boxes. dedicated to contemporary art in Europe and, of Closed on Mondays. Admission is free. Opera, music, theatre and dance are included in course, in Spain. the Cervantes's varied cultural offer. The CAC Málaga runs temporary exhibitions by renowned Spanish and international artists, and it has an important permanent collection. In . . addition, the CAC is a centre to see the work of novel artists who have never put up an exhibition in Spain before. It also holds workshops and courses that bring art closer to the public. Málaga Málaga . . 122 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 123 www.visitcostadelsol.com c IVIC CENTRE Málaga p ROVINCIAL CULTURAL CENTRE Málaga (C.C.P. GOVERNMENT OF MÁLAGA) USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Avda. Los Guindos, 48 Address: C/ Ollerías, s/n Tel.: (+34) 952 069 100 Tel.: (+34) 952 133 950 Fax: (+34) 952 239 780 Fax: (+34) 952 133 983 E-mail: email@example.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (Eduardo Herrero) Website: www.dpm-cultura.org The Civic Centre of the Provincial The Provincial Cultural Centre is Provincial Cultural Centre Government is a meeting point of the province located in Málaga City, in the former Orphanage, and also of other provincial, national and created in 1573 by the carpenters' union and international communities. It is an instrument for called "Casa de los Niños de la Providencia." It the Government of Málaga to encourage citizens' was renovated and enlarged in the seventeenth, Civic Centre participation in the social, cultural and economic eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and development of the province. transformed into a space dedicated to culture. The centre has an auditorium for press conferences and lectures, a historic archive, an exhibition hall, a library, and offices. . . Málaga Málaga . . 124 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 125 www.visitcostadelsol.com m ÁLAGA FEDERATION OF PHYSICIANS Málaga s AN TELMO SCHOOL OF ART Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Curtidores, 1 Address: Plaza del Ejido, 3 29006 Málaga Tel.: (+34) 952 252 410 Tel.: 951 019 400 Fax: (+34) 952 253 006 Fax: (+34) 952 348 450 E-mail: E-mail: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Málaga Federation of Physicians It features a space dedicated to The San Telmo School of Arts San Telmo School of Art exhibitions and cultural events. teaches different courses on arts & design. Students get college or BA degrees -graphic design, photography, interior decoration, window dressing, clothing design, ceramics, wood carving, wood gilding and polychromy, and pottery. . . Málaga Málaga . . 126 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 127 www.visitcostadelsol.com e SPACIO TRES MÁLAGA. CONTEMPORARY ART Málaga p ICASSO FOUNDATION Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Alemania, 3, ground floor Address: Plaza de la Merced, 15 29001 Málaga 29012 Málaga Tel.: (+34) 952 223 047 / (+34) 636 475 786 Tel.: (+34) 952 060 215 Fax: (+34) 952 223 047 Fax: (+34) 952 215 107 E-mail: email@example.com E-mail: secretaria@fundacionpicasso Website: www.fundacionpicasso.es Espacio Tres Málaga. Contemporary Art Espacio Tres was established in The Pablo Ruiz Picasso Foundation, Málaga as a Cultural Association of Artists on 16 Museum-Birthplace, was created on 26 February October 1995. Its articles of associations were 1988 by the Málaga Town Council, to which the Picasso Foundation officially approved on 21 November 1995. Foundation belongs. It is part of the Spain's Museum System since 1991. Picasso was born in The association is aimed at fostering artistic the Foundation's headquarters. activities, especially in the fields of painting and sculpture, but it doesn't leave aside other artistic On the ground floor, the Foundation hosts a room expressions. for temporary exhibitions and shows collections linked to Picasso and his cultural interests. On the Espacio Tres pays particular attention to first floor, it exhibits works by the artist and his . . contemporary arts (painting, sculpture, installations…) It father, José Ruiz Blasco, and memories attends national and international art trade shows to belonging to Picasso and his family. On the promote its artists. It participates in the European second floor is a document centre and library with Artists for Peace organisation and shares exhibitions materials that teach us all about the artist and his with other associations and art galleries, such as work. Marcos, in Sintra, Portugal; Montaje Studio Gallery, in Castleton New Yorkshire, England; Espacio Málaga Málaga Abierto, in Torremolinos; Nou Mil.leni, in Barcelona, among others. . . 128 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 129 www.visitcostadelsol.com a LFREDO VIÑAS ART GALLERY Málaga a RTE Y DISEÑO ART GALLERY Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Address: C/ Afligidos, 3 C/ José Denis Belgrano, 19, 1st floor 29015 Málaga Tel.: (+34) 952 601 229 Tel.: (+34) 952 609 761 Fax: (+34) 952 601 229 Fax: (+34) 952 609 761 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org E-mail: email@example.com Web: www.alfredovinas.com Alfredo Viñas Art Gallery was Located in Málaga, this art gallery is Alfredo Viñas Art Gallery Arte y Diseño Art Gallery founded in 1993. It focuses on contemporary art one out of the many interesting spaces in the promotion. capital of the province where art is the real star. HOURS The gallery is open Mon-Fri from 11:00 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. and from 6:00 to 9:00 p.m.; and Sat from 11:00 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. It is closed on Sundays and public holidays. . . Málaga Málaga . . 130 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 131 www.visitcostadelsol.com J M ART GALLERY (JAVIER MARÍN) Málaga n OVA ART GALLERY Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Duquesa de Parcent, 12 Address: Paseo de Sancha, 6 29001 Málaga 29016 Málaga Tel.: (+34) 952 216 592 Tel.: (+34) 952 211 550 Fax: (+34) 952 216 592 Fax: (+34) 952 211 558 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org E-mail: email@example.com JM Art Gallery (Javier Marín) Many contemporary artists exhibit The gallery opened in November their work here. 1990 with the individual exhibition of the painter from Málaga José Puyet. It holds exhibits of well- known or new artists. The space features two Nova Art Gallery rooms, one showing individual exhibitions, and the other one for permanent collections and works by different artists. . . Málaga Málaga . . 132 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 133 www.visitcostadelsol.com b ENEDITO ART GALLERY Málaga c INCOECHEGARAY ART GALLERY Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Niño de Guevara, 2 Address: C/ Echegaray, 5 Tel.: (+34) 952 223 877 29015 Málaga Fax: (+34) 952 226 011 Tel.: (+34) 952 609 352 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.cincoechegaray.com Website: www.galeriabenedito.com Cincoechegaray Art Gallery The art gallery, in Niño de Guevara Cincoechegaray is a place like no Street, in the centre of town, exhibits sculptures other in the capital of Málaga Province. It offers Benedito Art Gallery paintings by artists from Málaga and other towns. an exquisite literary and musical selection. Vinyl Membership is available for a monthly payment. records, music unpublished in Spain, genre Members can buy paintings and other artworks. literature, special editions and more, in a carefully and exclusively designed space. The store features listening and reading points, and important extras that make Cincoechegaray the place to buy books and records. . . Málaga Málaga . . 134 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 135 www.visitcostadelsol.com g ACMA ART GALLERY Málaga c USTOMS PALACE Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Fidias, 48-50 Address: C/ Alcazabilla, s/n Tel.: (+34) 952 246 272 / 952 245 855 29015 Málaga Fax: (+34) 952 245 855 Tel.: (+34) 952 213 680 E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.gacma.com A privileged space of over 500 sq m Located in the heart of Málaga, the with exhibitions of work by the most prestigious building is one of the most relevant in town. It has artists both at the national and international several government offices and exhibition halls. Gacma Art Gallery levels. Its staff is expert in contemporary art. Customs Palace Gacma has gathered major works of art by renowned local artists -Picasso, Miró, Chillida, Tapies, Saura, Barceló, Piensa… and others coming from abroad, like Richard Serra, Bruce Nauman or Joseph Beuys. . . Gacma has a library-bookstore with books visitors can read or buy. These books deal with different contemporary artists whose work is exhibited or is part of the permanent collection of the gallery. Málaga Málaga . . 136 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 137 www.visitcostadelsol.com á MBITO CULTURAL EXHIBITION Málaga c AJAMAR MÁLAGA EXHIBITION HALL Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Edificio Corte Inglés - C/ Hilera, s/n Address: C/ Tomás Heredia, 14 Tel.: (+34) 952 076 544 29001 Málaga Fax: (+34) 952 281 360 Tel.: (+34) 952 138 829 (Mª José Herrero) E-mail: (+34) 952 138 852 (Alicia) firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: (+34) 952 138 852 E-mail: email@example.com Cajamar Málaga Exhibition Hall Ámbito Cultural Exhibition Hall A space belonging to El Corte Inglés This is an exhibition hall run by on Hilera Street and used exclusively to offer Cajamar in Málaga. Sculptures, paintings, photos talks, exhibitions, and conferences. It has an and other creations are shown in this space. exhibition hall showing the work of numerous artists. . . Málaga Málaga . . 138 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 139 www.visitcostadelsol.com a LAMEDA EXHIBITION HALL Málaga f E EDERATON OF MASTER BUILDERS-EXHIBITION HALL Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Alameda Principal, 19 Address: C/ República Argentina, 18 29001 Málaga 29016 Málaga Tel.: (+34) 952 133 904 Tel.: (+34) 952 225 180 Fax: (+34) 952 227 853 Fax: (+34) 952 223 356 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org E-mail: email@example.com Federaton of Master Builders-Exhibition Hall It exhibits works by artists who come It offers different exhibitions Alameda Exhibition Hall to the capital of the province. throughout the year. Paintings are the stars in this hall, but other forms of artistic expressions are also represented in it. E . . Málaga Málaga . . 140 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 141 www.visitcostadelsol.com u NICAJA MENA EXHIBITION HALL Málaga e PISCOPAL PALACE EXHIBITION HALL Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Calvo, s/n Address: Plaza del Obispo, s/n Tel.: (+34) 952 611 896 29015 Málaga E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel.: (+34) 952 602 722 Website: www.unicaja.es Fax: (+34) 952 602 722 Episcopal Palace Exhibition Hall Unicaja MENA Exhibition Hall This hall belongs to group Unicaja. It The Episcopal Palace is home to the exhibits paintings and other artworks as well. Church's headquarters in Málaga. It has large rooms that welcome many artists and their work. It operates as a museum as well. . . Málaga Málaga . . 142 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 143 www.visitcostadelsol.com d IDIER DAURAT EXHIBITION HALL Málaga m ORENO VILLA EXHIBITION HALL Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Málaga Airport - Avda. García Address: Cervantes Theatre - C/ Ramón Morato Marín, s/n 29004 Málaga 29012 Málaga Tel.: (+34) 952 048 798 Tel.: (+34) 952 220 710 Fax: (+34) 952 048 786 E-mail: email@example.com Didier Daurat Exhibition Hall Moreno Villa Exhibition Hall The Didier Daurat space, at Málaga This hall has a varied offer -classical Airport, opened in 1999. It has hosted many and contemporary plastic arts, photographs, crafts… temporary exhibitions, and offers a space to local artists who want to exhibit their creations. . . Málaga Málaga . . 144 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 145 www.visitcostadelsol.com g ADES HALL. CERVANTES THEATRE Málaga a MIGOS DEL PAÍS ASSOCIATION Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: School of Dance - C/ Cerrojo, 5 Address: Plaza de la Constitución, 7 Tel.: (+34) 952 224 109 (Cervantes Theatre) 29005 Málaga Fax: (+34) 952 212 993 Tel.: (+34) 952 229 396 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Fax: (+34) 952 226 410 Gades Hall. Cervantes Theatre Amigos del País Association The Gades Hall has a 9 x 8 m stage, This exhibition hall is located in Plaza 15 m in height, seating 250 people. It is perfect to de la Constitución. There are several rooms that stage alternative music shows and theatrical host temporary exhibitions and collections by plays, and thus complement the activities of the several artists. Cervantes Theatre and other stages in town. It offers also shows for children. . . Málaga Málaga . . 146 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 147 www.visitcostadelsol.com g RAVURA STUDIO Málaga TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Nuestra Sra. de los Dolores de San Juan 3, 1st floor (opposite the church on C/ San Juan) 29005 Málaga Tel.: (+34) 952 210 141 E-mail: email@example.com Gravura Prints & Art Gallery Gravura Studio was established in Gravura's holdings include artworks by Paco 1979 by the painter and engraver Paco Aguilar. In Aguilar, José Faria, Ana Bellido, Enrique Gravura, Paco Aguilar organises a range of Brinkmann, Óscar Pérez, Michele Lehmann, activities centred on engraving: courses, printing Lorenzo Saval, Pablo Alonso Herrainz, Francisco and stamping, and promotion of contemporary Peinado, José Ganfornina, Christian Bozon, artists, whose works are displayed in the studio. Vargas Machuca, Javier Roz, Natalia Resnik, Diazdel, Rafael Alvarado and Sebastián Navas. Gravura has been organising courses since Gravura started hosting art shows back in 1990. 1980. Renowned engravers teach beginners and Nowadays, the gallery's exhibitions focus on advanced students special printing techniques. works on paper by acclaimed or young artists. . The studio has become a meeting point for metal The studio has developed a character of its own, engraving lovers, since it is a space open to artists collaborating with public and private organisations who get there to learn and experiment with new and institutions, displaying the valuable prints that techniques. A great number of editions have been make up its permanent collection, and participating in published by Gravura, either group or solo works fairs like Estampa or the International Contemporary accompanied in many cases by literary texts. Print Fair, where it was granted the award for the best set of artworks by the Madrid Association of Art Málaga Málaga Critics in 2002. . . 148 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 149 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Málaga is the third largest district in the Málaga province after Antequera and Ronda. It Export activity boomed under Roman rule, based mainly around garum (fish sauce or combines at least two very different kinds of paste), wine and olive oil. By end of the first USEFUL INFORMATION landscape. To the north lies the Sierra de century A.D., the city was already a federated Málaga, a heavily wooded and mountainous town with important buildings, including the Surface area: 385.50 km2. area, very valuable in terms of ecology and theatre on the slopes of the Alcazaba (fortress), Population: 630,000 landscape, so much so that it has been declared which still remains today. As Roman domination Name given to the local people: Malagueños. a Nature Park by the Andalusian Regional waned, the city passed onto the hands of Location: On the southern Mediterranean coast, Government. Towards the east, the country different Germanic peoples, such as Vandals 50 nautical miles from the Strait of Gibraltar and resembles that of the Axarquía and features the and Visigoths, and following the Islamic invasion 520 km from Spain's capital city, Madrid. Average highest peaks, such as Santo Pitar (1,020 m). it belonged to the Emirate, and subsequently the annual rainfall is 470 l/m2 and average annual Caliphate, of Córdoba. temperature is 18.5º C. The landscape levels out to the west, shaping What to see: Roman Theatre, Alcazaba (Arab what is known as Hoya de Málaga, which is the Later on, the city fell under the control of Berber Fortress), Gibralfaro Castle, Cathedral, Church of lowland formed where the Guadalmedina and tribes, followed by the Almoravids, the Almohads El Sagrario (The Sanctuary), Episcopal Palace, Guadalhorce river valleys merge, before they and the Nasrids. Despite these constant changes, Picasso Museum, Church of Santiago (St flow out into the Mediterranean Sea. In this area, the city retained its trading activity, owing largely to James), Plaza de la Merced, Picasso Foundation, the seaward-facing part of the city, which the protection of its strong walls and the lookout Customs Hall, Paseo del Parque, Vice- stretches out to the west, blends with the post provided by the Gibralfaro Castle. Chancellor's Office of the University of Málaga sugarcane fields, orchards and market gardens (former Post Office), Bank of Spain, Town Hall, that form the last remnants of an agricultural Christian troops besieged the city of Málaga for a Gardens of Puerta Oscura, Gardens of Pedro tradition that is steadily being absorbed by century, until 1487, when the Moors finally Luis Alonso, Fountain of Tres Gracias (the Three industrial parks and the airport. surrendered. The unconditional surrender entailed Graces), Bullring, Law Courts (former Miramar slavery or exile for a large number of Málaga's Hotel), Monument to the Marquis of Larios, Larios The urban layout of the city stretches from east residents. Following its Christianisation, the city Street, Génova Fountain, Pasaje de Chinitas, to west for some 12 km and the old town nestles underwent a process of radical change. It started to Economic Society of Friends of the Country, in a huge semicircular area right in the middle. spread beyond the old city walls and the Church Málaga Athenaeum, Church of Santo Cristo de la Practically all Málaga's monuments and tourist quickly began to build its own places for Salud (Holy Christ of Health), Church of Santos attractions are situated here save for the historic worshipping and monasteries. The Moorish Mártires (Holy Martyrs), Museum of Popular Arts gardens, which are on the outskirts. rebellions of the sixteenth century -which ended and Traditions, Puerta de Atarazanas (Archway), with their expulsion in 1614- and the subsequent Sanctuary of Virgen de la Victoria (Virgin of Faced with Assyrian expansion and the shortages were followed by the flooding of the River Victory), Finca de la Concepción, Contemporary progressive desertification of their lands, Guadalmedina and epidemics that spread Art Centre (CAC), Málaga Art Heritage Museum. Phoenicians from Tyre reached the Andalusian throughout the city. Afterwards, the population, Tourist Information: coast in around 800 B.C. and founded Malaka. which had to face pirate and Berber incursions and Tourist Office, Pza. de la Marina, 11. At first, it wasn't so much a city as a trading post attacks by French and British fleets, limped towards Tel.: (+34) 952 122 020. around the port. Some time later the Greeks the end of the seventeenth century in a state of utter Fax: (+34) 952 122 023. founded the neighbouring site of Mainake, which exhaustion. was destroyed by the Carthaginians, who in turn Málaga Málaga were defeated by the mighty Romans in the late In the following century, Málaga entered an era third century B.C. in the Second Punic War. of greater stability in every sense of the word . . 150 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 151 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU and, most importantly, the economy began to HOW TO GET THERE architect Guerrero Strachan. The most strengthen, mainly due to farming products' From anywhere on the Costa del Sol, take the A- interesting features are the Arco del Cristo (Arch exports. The end of the monopoly on trading with 7 (N-340) motorway; exits for Málaga are well of Christ), the Plaza de Armas (Parade Ground), the Indies had a direct influence on the extension signposted. If you're coming from inland the Torre del Homenaje (Keep) and the Cuartos of port activity. Andalusia, first follow the signs to Antequera, de Granada (palace chambers). Today the site and then get onto the A-45 (N-331) motorway, can be accessed by lift. In the nineteenth century, the city not only faced which leads to Málaga. the Napoleonic invasion but also the conflicts The Gibralfaro Castle, which sits on the crest of between Liberals and Absolutists, which ended in WHAT TO SEE the mountain that bears the same name, is the execution of General Torrijos and his Except for the Phoenician remains found on the connected to the Alcazaba by a corridor companions by a firing squad on San Andrés site of the Picasso Museum, the city's most (coracha) that runs between two walls. beach in 1831, during the reign of Ferdinand VII. ancient monument is the Roman Theatre (first Construction began on this strategic fortress in Towards the middle of the century, Málaga started century A.D.) located at the foot of the Alcazaba. the late eighth century under the rule of Emir a period of industrialisation based around textiles Its structure is similar to the Acinipo theatre in Abd-ar-Rahman I. Apparently, there had been a and steel, which converted the area into the most Ronda. Parts of its proscenium, an entrance lighthouse on the summit, at least according to a important as far as these industries were gallery, traces of the orchestra pit and a large seventh-century document, which refers to the concerned. part of the cavea (16 m high, and a radius of 31 mountain as Gebel Faruk (lighthouse mountain). m) have been preserved. Its stone was used for The Larios and Heredia families were the driving the construction of the Alcazaba and for the When the city fell to the Catholic Monarchs, the force behind this thriving economic activity, and foundations of the Casa de la Cultura (Cultural fortress was used as a military garrison, and in the city showed them its gratitude by erecting Centre), a building that was pulled down in 1995 the eighteenth century a magazine was built statues and naming some of its main streets after to restore the ancient monument. inside it, which has now been converted into a them. It was in the nineteenth century that Málaga visitor centre. The castle was partially destroyed focused on its urban layout: the working class The Alcazaba or fortress dates back to the dawn during the Napoleonic invasion and later rebuilt, neighbourhoods and factories were located in the of the eleventh century, but some decades later but it retains some parts of the earlier structure. western districts, and in the east were the large King Badis of the Granada taifa turned it into one It should be noted that in addition to its mansions of the new bourgeoisie, while in the of the most important Muslim fortresses of that extraordinary historical value, the complex (with centre some of the streets were widened and time by providing it with a triple fortified complex car access) offers the best views over the city. architecturally striking edifices were built. with several towers. Inside the fortress, there was a palace for the Muslim high authorities and Immediately after the city was conquered by However, a new economic crisis was looming. quarters for their servants. After the Christian Christian troops, the former mosque was The flourishing industry began to falter and the conquest it became a royal residence for the consecrated under the name of Virgen de la phylloxera plague destroyed most vines, which Catholic Monarchs and Phillip IV. Encarnación (Our Lady of the Incarnation), and had traditionally been one of the mainstays of the 30 years later construction work began for the province's economy. Málaga's economy had The fortress was abandoned during the Cathedral on the site of the former mosque. The many ups and downs, and did not really take off eighteenth century and in the mid-nineteenth new church was designed in flamboyant style, until the 1960s, when the Costa del Sol became a century it was turned into a neighbourhood but when Diego de Siloé took charge of the standard in international mass tourism. where poor people dwelled. It was declared a project he decided to go for a Renaissance style. National Monument in 1931, and its restoration However, it took over two centuries to build it, so Málaga Málaga and reconstruction began at that time under the successive architectural styles were direction of local historian Juan Temboury and incorporated, particularly Baroque with some . . 152 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 153 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Neoclassical features. The southern tower was In the Plaza del Obispo, to the left of the Cathedral's never completed, so Málaga's Cathedral is known main façade, stands the Palacio Episcopal as La Manquita (one-armed building). (Episcopal Palace), a group of buildings from the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth The magnificent stonework, culminating in the centuries. The most remarkable thing about the main façade, features some of the most splendid Baroque façade, divided by pilasters remarkable details and artistry ever to be seen in into five vertical panels, three storeys high, and the city. One example is the seating area for the crowned with a pinnacled balustrade, is the choir, carved by Pedro de Mena and other artists. white, pink and grey marble work with a niche at De Mena is responsible for 42 figures and the the top that houses a statue of the Virgen de las ends of the choir. There are also two grandiose Angustias (Our Lady of Sorrows). An artistic eighteenth-century organs located on either side. stairway with a decorated vault starts in the inner courtyard, which has elegant Tuscan columns. The Cathedral has 15 chapels and 25 altars. La The main floor of the palace is currently used for Encarnación chapel is in the centre of the exhibitions. ambulatory. It has a lavish Neoclassical marble altarpiece. The Santa Bárbara Chapel has a The Cathedral's Puerta de los Naranjos Gothic altarpiece that belonged to the former (Naranjos Gate) opens out onto San Agustín St. mosque-cathedral, although the main image is by This is for sure one of the most traditional streets Fernando Ortiz (1765). The Virgen de los Reyes in Málaga, where the Palacio de los Condes de chapel contains a Gothic figure of the Virgin that Buenavista (Counts of Buenavista's Palace) is was donated by Isabella the Catholic and two located. This is one of the few secular sculptures representing Ferdinand and Isabella in Renaissance structures in Málaga and dates prayer, also carved by Pedro de Mena, who also back to 1520. Its austere façade has some sculpted the exquisite Dolorosa (Weeping Plateresque features and the lookout tower Madonna) in Los Caídos Chapel, which is gives it a fortress-like appearance. overlooked by a Crucifix carved by his father, Alonso de Mena. Since October 2003, this beautiful palace has been home to the Picasso Museum. The In the Virgen del Rosario Chapel, there is an museum owns the private collection of Christine impressive painting by Alonso Cano: the best Picasso, which she kindly donated to the city painting in Málaga Cathedral. The two that was the birthplace of the most emblematic seventeenth-century pulpits made of pink stone artist in twentieth-century Spain. The former are also remarkable. mansion, which also houses the Provincial Museum of Fine Arts, was meticulously The Sagrario Church, attached to the Cathedral renovated and then adapted to its new role as a on the north side, is notable for its sixteenth- museum, following the guidelines of modernity century flamboyant Gothic façade. Inside, there is and respect for the original sixteenth-century a single barrel vaulted nave with a magnificent structure at the same time. The transformation of Málaga Málaga Plateresque altarpiece that was brought from a the premises has been praised as exemplary by village in Palencia. international experts. . . 154 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 155 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU The permanent collection, made up of over 200 ceramics and even a recreation of what the that are unique on our continent, have works by the genius from Málaga, is displayed in house belonging to the Picasso family looked adapted well to this location, and therefore several rooms that have retained the palace's in the late nineteenth century. catch visitors' attention. magnificent Mudéjar coffered ceilings. Paintings, sculptures, prints and ceramics represent the The Plaza de María Guerrero adjoins the Plaza There are several Romantic arbours along the different creative periods of this artist, who finally de la Merced, and Alcazabilla St. begins there. promenade, featuring busts of the poets returned to his hometown under the best possible On this street, you will see the back of the Salvador Rueda and Rubén Darío and a condition in terms of exhibition venues. Picasso Museum, the Roman theatre and the sculpture by Jaime Pimentel of a traditional entrance to the Alcazaba, with the Palacio de la vendor of biznagas (a local flowering plant). The The Picasso Museum opens onto the pedestrian Aduana (Custom House) opposite. This is one of Cervantes Ave. runs parallel to the Paseo del area of Granada St, and is just a stone's throw the most emblematic buildings in Málaga. It was Parque and here there are three remarkable from the Santiago Church, where Picasso was planned and begun in the late eighteenth early twentieth-century buildings. The former christened. The church was modified in the century to take the place of the old custom Post Office, now the Chancellor's Office of the eighteenth century but two important features of house in Puerta del Mar, and was finally University of Málaga, has a peculiar Neo- the original Mudéjar construction remain: the completed early in the nineteenth century. Mudéjar design, and the Bank of Spain building brick façade with a pointed arch and the features an elegant Neoclassical style. Málaga's Almohad-style brick tower. Its interior is profusely Its Neoclassical structure is based on a square City Hall was built in a quite simple Baroque adorned with stuccowork, especially the side floor plan and has an austere dressed stone style and was designed by Guerrero Strachan chapels. façade. The interior is arranged around a and Rivera Vera. Of particular note are the main courtyard and has a double portico crowned with staircase, the assembly hall and the Salón de A few metres further along is the Plaza de la a balustrade featuring Roman sculptures. It was Los Espejos (Hall of Mirrors). Merced, a typical example of nineteenth-century used for a whole host of different businesses - town planning. The convents of La Paz and La even a tobacco factory- before being eventually The Puerta Oscura Gardens are behind the City Merced and the Santa Ana hospital once stood turned into local government offices. In a few Hall, under the south wall of the Alcazaba, on the here, but no trace of them remains. The years' time, though, it will be converted into the site of an ancient Roman villa. The gardens are monument to General Torrijos was erected in the Museum of Fine Arts and Archaeology, whose organised into terraces and zigzag paths in centre of the square in 1842, eleven years after items are not being exhibited right now due to order to take advantage of the mountain slope. he was executed by a firing squad on San Andrés the lack of a suitable space to display them. In Opposite the eastern wall of the City Hall are the beach only for being a Liberal. The monument is the meantime, some of the best works from the Pedro Luis Alonso Gardens, where nineteenth-century by Rafael Mitjana, who designed a slender Museum of Fine Arts are on display on the landscaping blends with Spanish-Muslim obelisk crowned with a wreath of laurel. ground floor. features such as a pool with water jets and rows of orange trees. Pablo Ruiz Picasso was born in 1881 in the Next to the Custom House is the Paseo del northern part of the square, in one of the so- Parque, a promenade that stretches between The eastern end of the Paseo del Parque runs called Casas de Campos. The building where the port, Cortina del Muelle and the slopes of into the Plaza del General Torrijos, in the centre he was born has housed the Picasso the Alcazaba. This green space, which is of which is a nineteenth-century fountain named Foundation since 1988 and is considered to approximately 800 m long and sits on land Las Tres Gracias, which previously stood in the have one of the most comprehensive archives reclaimed from the sea in the late nineteenth Plaza de la Constitución. If you continue along of documents relating to this artist in the whole century, is less a park in the usual sense than the Paseo de Reding you will see the Plaza de Málaga Málaga world. It also has a museum section exhibiting a a botanical garden. Numerous tropical and Toros (a nineteenth-century Neo-Mudéjar choice selection of prints, photographs, and subtropical tree species, including one or two bullring) and on the right, around 100 m further . . 156 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 157 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU along, the former Miramar Hotel, which is now the has an artistic façade and a beautiful eighteenth- Palacio de Justicia (Courthouse). This is another century style courtyard. The adjacent building, great building designed by Guerrero Strachan in the Ateneo de Málaga (Málaga Athenaeum), the 1920s. was formerly a School of Arts and Trades, where Picasso attended his first art lessons. These two Back in the city centre, you will find the Plaza de buildings and the Santo Cristo de la Salud la Marina, between the port and Málaga's two Church (on Compañía St.) belonged to the main streets, Larios and La Alameda. This Society of Jesus. The seventeenth-century square has been remodelled many times, and on church has a circular floor plan crowned with a the latest occasion, sections of the Nasrid walls large dome. It houses a magnificent altarpiece and the seventeenth-century port walls were dating from 1633 and Pedro de Mena's tomb. uncovered and are now preserved in the underground car park. The monument to the If you continue along Compañía St. to Los Marquis of Larios, by Mariano Benlliure, Mártires Alley, you end up at the square and overlooks the Plaza. The Marquis of Larios was church of the same name: the Iglesia de los the driving force behind Málaga's new aspect Santos Mártires (Church of the Holy Martyrs), and this was why Larios St. was named after commissioned by the Catholic Monarchs. Work him. It links the port district directly to the Plaza began on it in the sixteenth century but it was de la Constitución. Larios St., the street for remodelled in the eighteenth century, so the shopping in Málaga's, was designed by Eduardo decoration is late Baroque. Strachan in late nineteenth century according to the Chicago School standards. It was recently Back on Compañía St. and heading west remodelled and is now the best kept part of the city. towards the River Guadalmedina, take the Pasillo de Santa Isabel, which runs parallel to Larios St. leads into the Plaza de la Constitución, the river. At number 10 you will find the Mesón a former Muslim market square that was turned de la Victoria, a tavern built in the seventeenth into the city's main square after the Christian century over a former fifteenth-century mosque. conquest. It was remodelled at the same time as Since the 1970s, it has been home to the Larios St. and here they placed the Renaissance Museum of Popular Arts, Customs and (sixteenth century) Fuente de Génova (Genoa Traditions, offering a glimpse of what life in Fountain), which previously stood on one of the Málaga was like in centuries gone by, the city's arbours dotted along the Paseo del Parque. The rural, mining, industrial and bourgeois past, eastern side of this square leads onto a little lane along with a well-preserved collection of known as Pasaje de Chinitas, with its typical utensils, tools and furnishings. echoes of García Lorca's bulls, flamenco dancing and singing.ç As you leave Pasillo de Santa Isabel, you will come across Plaza de Arriola and the Central On the northern side of the square, you will find Market, where the Puerta de las Atarazanas, the the former Consulate, now the central offices of gateway to the former medieval shipyards, still Málaga Málaga the Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País stands. Although it has been considerably (Economic Society of Friends of the Country). It restored, this gate still features a large pointed . . 158 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 159 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU horseshoe arch, the only element remaining from a large 5,000 m2 building that in the Christian period served as an arsenal which collapsed after the explosion of several gunpowder mills in the seventeenth century. After its reconstruction, it was turned into a hospital, and in the nineteenth century it was used as a college to train surgeons and even as an artillery garrison, until the decision was made in 1868 to demolish all of it, except for the southern gate, in order to build the market. The Santuario de la Virgen de la Victoria (Our Lady of Victory Sanctuary) is outside the old quarter but still in the city centre. It was originally a chapel built on the site where Ferdinand the Catholic set up camp as he prepared to take Málaga. In the seventeenth century, the chapel was replaced with a Baroque church, whose construction was funded by the Count of Buenavista. Inside the church, of particular note are the Lady Chapel, which has exuberant Rococo artwork intermingled with angels, plant motifs and Marian symbols, as well as the crypt belonging to the Counts of Buenavista. The latter is morbidly dramatic, with white plasterwork ornaments against black backgrounds, which gives it a macabre dramatic character. Leaving Málaga by the Autovía de Las Pedrizas (A-4; N-331) you will see a sign indicating the exit for Finca de la Concepción, one of the best tropical gardens in Europe. It was built in the nineteenth century by the Marquises of Casa Loring, who erected a Classical-style palace on the site. The estate has an unusual display of A little farther away (3 km away from the Coín Villalcázar revamped it as a court garden, with forests with bridges, small waterfalls and a road exit from N-340 motorway) stands El Retiro beautiful fountains, sculptures and water effects. graceful Doric bandstand. Countless motion Estate, built as requested by bishop Alonso de pictures have been shot here. It was declared a Tomás in the seventeenth century. The garden FIESTAS Málaga Málaga Historic-Artistic Garden in 1943, and was was turned into a patio in the eighteenth century Málaga has two major popular celebrations: acquired by the City. by the Counts of Buenavista. Later, the Count of Holy Week and the August Fair. There are, . . 160 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 161 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU however, other festivities that are deeply fairground auditorium. Bullfighting fans also await mainly find boquerón (anchovies), jurel (horse ingrained in popular tradition, such as Carnival in for the fair to start because the best bullfights take mackerel), salmonetes (red mullet), calamares late February, Corpus Christi in late May or early place in La Malagueta on these days. (squid), and pijotas (baby hake). You could also June, the Virgen del Carmen celebration with its try espetos de sardinas (grilled sardine maritime procession in mid-July, and the Fiesta FOOD skewers), almejas (clams) and coquinas (type of Mayor de Verdiales (traditional Andalusian music Málaga is an open tourist town and you can clams). The list goes on, but this is the most festival) on 28 December at the Venta de San sample almost any type of food at its many common combination. Pescaíto frito is served in Cayetano in the neighbourhood of Puerto de la restaurants, be it local, regional or international. most restaurants around the city but it is Torre, where you can enjoy the traditional There are restaurants to suit all tastes and especially traditional in beachfront restaurants. verdiales competition while sampling the local budgets, from more modest and affordable sites wine and dry cured pork. And, in addition, each to more exclusive restaurants, including the Other typical dishes are gazpacho and ajoblanco neighbourhood also organises its own fiestas. Michelin-starred Café de Paris. (chilled garlic and almond soup), gazpachuelo (fish soup) and ensalada malagueña (a salad of boiled During Holy Week, Málaga becomes a gigantic However, visitors generally prefer to try local potatoes, cod, oranges, hard-boiled eggs, olives, stage where the cofradías or fraternities re-enact specialties, and there is no doubt that pescaíto onions and olive oil). Plato de los Montes is typically the Passion of Christ in the streets, amid frito (small fried fish) is the local dish par served in the taverns that surround the city and is a tumultuous popular fervour that goes through the excellence. Pescaíto frito can cover a range of dish of fried potatoes, pork loin in lard, chorizo whole range of human emotions. Grandeur, different types of fish and seafood, but you will sausage, fried peppers and fried eggs. devotion, luxury, sobriety, joy, the singing of saetas, silence, cheers and applause... all forming a whole that is hard to explain but quickly embraced by anyone willing to experience it. The August Fair commemorates the taking of Málaga by the Catholic Monarchs and lasts for nine days full of fun and revelry. Over the last few decades, Málaga's fair has been held in two different places: the historic district hosts the so- called Feria de Día (Day Fair) and the Cortijo de Torres, outside the city, where the activity continues on through the night. In the city centre, traditional bars get crowded, whereas at Cortijo de Torres, there are public and private marquees that draw in the crowds. The official programme for these dates is full of events and there is something to meet all tastes. There is special emphasis, however, on local folklore and flamenco and on contemporary music, Málaga Málaga especially for young people, who can attend performances by famous groups and singers in the . . 162 Málaga, Sun and Culture Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 163 www.visitcostadelsol.com L A CAÑADA Marbella TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU USEFUL INFORMATION index. Marbella Málaga, Sun and Culture Address: La Cañada Shopping Centre Ctra. OJén, s/n 29603 Marbella E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.cinesa.es Tel.: 902 333 231 (only from Spain) . CINEMAS La Cañada page 165 Cinesur Plaza del Mar page 166 Gran Marbella Cineplex page 167 . THEATRES DESCRIPTION SERVICES Parque de la Constitución Auditorium page 168 El Ingenio Cultural Centre page 169 Audience Day: Wednesday Disabled access Ciudad de Marbella Theatre page 170 Number of screens: 8 Air conditioning Total audience capacity: 1,618 Parking Exhibition and Conference Centre page 171 Bar La Cañada Children's seats . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS Discount to people over 65 Youth card Cortijo de Miraflores page 172 Student card Black Box Theatre Credit cards accepted . page 173 Late show Collumbrans Gallery page 174 Numbered seats El Catalejo Arte Gallery page 175 Online ticket sales Ticket sales by phone Pedro Peña Art Gallery page 176 Exhibition Hall - Marbella Casino page 177 Marbella Marbella Art Galery pág. 178 San Pedro Alcántara Art Galery pág. 180 Puerto Banús Art Galery pág. 181 . 164 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 165 c INESUR PLAZA DEL MAR Marbella g RAN MARBELLA CINEPLEX Marbella USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Plaza del Mar Shopping Centre Address: Avda. Julio Iglesias, s/n. 29660 Avda. Camilo José Cela, s/n 29602 Marbella Puerto Banús. Marbella Tel.: (+34) 902 504 150 (ticket sales) Tfno: ( +34) 952 81 64 21 (ticket booking) (+34) 952 766 942 (information) Fax : (+34) 952 813 577 Website: www.cinesur.com Web: www.cinesgranmarbella.com E-mail: email@example.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org DESCRIPTION SERVICES DESCRIPTION SERVICES Gran Marbella Cineplex Cinesur Plaza del Mar Number of screens: 8 Air conditioning Audience Day: Wednesday Disabled access Total audience capacity: 1,400 Disabled access Number of screens: 7 Air conditioning Parking Total audience capacity: 1,593 Bar Buffet Late show Venue hire Surround sound Tiered seats Original version films Ticket sales by phone 2-hour free car parking Online ticket sales Advance ticket sales Advance ticket sales Ticket sales by phone . . Morning show Online ticket sales Late show Numbered seats Numbered seats Audience Day Student card Youth card Marbella Marbella Discount to people over 60 . . 166 Málaga, Sun and Culture Marbella Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 167 www.visitcostadelsol.com p ARQUE DE LA CONSTITUCIÓN AUDITORIUM Marbella e L INGENIO CULTURAL CENTRE Marbella USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Avda. de España. Address: C/ La Morera, s/n Parque de la Constitución. 29670 San Pedro Alcántara 29602 Marbella Marbella Tel.: (+34) 952 859 483 Tel.: (+34) 952 786 968 Parque de la Constitución Auditorium Located in the central area of the The building is 110 years old but was El Ingenio Cultural Centre Parque de la Constitución and surrounded by a renovated in 1992. It has a capacity of 250. It rich vegetation is this auditorium with a total offers theatre plays, children's theatre plays, capacity of 700. Music shows and theatre plays stand-up comedian shows, jazz and quarter are offered in the summer, from June to concerts. September. . . Marbella Marbella . . 168 Málaga, Sun and Culture Marbella Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 169 www.visitcostadelsol.com c IUDAD DE MARBELLA THEATRE Marbella e XHIBITION AND CONFERENCE CENTRE Marbella USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Plaza Ramón Martínez, s/n Address: C/ José Meliá, 2 29603 Marbella 29602 Marbella Fax: (+34) 952 82 34 43 Tel.: (+34) 952 828 244 E-mail: email@example.com Fax: (+34) 952 821 461 Tel.: (+34) 952 903 159 Website: firstname.lastname@example.org Exhibition and Conference Centre Ciudad de Marbella Theatre This modern building, located in The Marbella Exhibition and central Marbella, was inaugurated in 2001. It has Conference Centre has a privileged location, in 504 seats and a varied programme: dance, the heart of the Costa del Sol, 20 min. from opera, music shows. Málaga International Airport, in the town of Marbella. This makes it easily accessible and the perfect location for visitors to stay in its hotels, go shopping to its great shopping centres, eat in its good restaurants, etc. The upper floor covers 3,112 sq m, ideal for events related to big conferences: lectures and . . presentations, gala dinners, smaller exhibitions or workplaces. Its semicircular roof, supported by wooden arches and featuring big glass panels that let the light in, offers a stunning stage to host exhibitions, Marbella Marbella fairs or other kinds of big events. The centre is easily accessible, both to unload goods and equipment or have an independent entrance. . . 170 Málaga, Sun and Culture Marbella Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 171 www.visitcostadelsol.com c ORTIJO DE MIRAFLORES Marbella b LACK BOX THEATRE Marbella USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Avda. José Luís Morales y Marín, s/n Address: C/ Notario Luis Oliver, 6 29601 Marbella 29602 Marbella Tel.: (+34) 952 90 27 14 Tel.: (+34) 952 779 172 Fax: (+34) 952 90 23 57 E-mail: email@example.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.blackboxteatro.com Built back in 1706, the Cortijo de Black Box Theatre is a private Miraflores used to be a country house that was enterprise, a creative space for researching and Cortijo de Miraflores home to a sugar mill and an olive oil press. It innovating freely with a genuine and independent boasts decorative elements from earlier commitment to the arts. It's a project by artists Black Box Theatre constructions, like the medallions with images of targeted to art lovers. Black Box has a 500 sq m saints. The building has a Mudéjar framework hall that puts on theatre plays, music shows and similar to that in the assembly hall of the Town Hall. dance performances. It holds quality art events by national and international creators and stages On the front are two coats of arms, one belonging contemporary plays by renowned and young to the Franciscan Order and the other one to the playwrights. Its managers bet on contemporary Domínguez family. The Cortijo de Miraflores has dance, dance-theatre, flamenco music, children's . . also a beautiful garden boasting exotic plants. plays, puppet theatre, storytelling, festivals, and themed seasons. Following refurbishing, it has become the Cortijo de Miraflores Cultural Centre, which hosts temporary exhibitions, lectures, film screenings, and concerts, among other cultural events. It Marbella Marbella hosts the Municipal Historic Archive and a nineteenth-century olive oil press. . . 172 Málaga, Sun and Culture Marbella Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 173 www.visitcostadelsol.com c OLUMBRANS GALLERY Marbella e L CATALEJO ART GALLERY Marbella USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Avda. del Mar, 4 Address: Avda. Príncipe Alfonso de 29602 Marbella Hohenlohe Urb. Marbella Real Tel.: (+34) 952 858 221 29602 Marbella E-mail: email@example.com Tel.: (+34) 952 777 031 Fax: (+34) 952 777 031 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Web: www.galeriaelcatalejo.com This art gallery is a space for Established in 1994, El Catalejo Art contemporary art, a place where we can watch Gallery is an extension of Galleria d'arte Il El Catalejo Art Gallery Collumbrans Gallery and reflect on new and old artistic tendencies. Cannocchiale, opened in Milan in 1964. Top artists have their works on the gallery's walls, for It combines the twentieth-century avant-garde instance, Picasso, Miró, Hartung, Afro, movement and more recent contemporary art Capogrossi, Morandi, De Chirico. But the gallery trends. is interested also on talented but less well-known artists, who are brought closer to both European The art gallery wants to focus its business activity and other global markets. The number and quality on quality art collecting from Marbella. of artists offered by El Catalejo is unique. This is the reason why artists and art collectors from all . . over the world want to meet in this space where art and culture take the centre of the stage. Marbella Marbella . . 174 Málaga, Sun and Culture Marbella Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 175 www.visitcostadelsol.com p EDRO PEÑA ART GALLERY Marbella e XHIBITION HALL - MARBELLA CASINO Marbella USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: CN-340A, km. 179. C.C. Tembo. Address: Bajos Hotel H10 Andalucía Plaza Bloque C, local 1 29660 Nueva Andalucía - Marbella 29602 Marbella Tel.: (+34) 952 814 000 Tel.: (+34) 952 906 948 Fax: (+34) 952 812 844 Fax: (+34) 952 82 74 23 E-mail: email@example.com Web: www.pedropena.com Website: www.casinomarbella.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Exhibition Hall - Marbella Casino Pedro Peña Art Gallery, inaugurated At the Casino, they do much more Pedro Peña Art Gallery in August 2001, has run numerous individual and than just gambling: exhibitions, tasting events, group exhibitions: Francis Bacon, Ciria, Anton music shows, dinners and much more. Lamazares, Mari Puri Herrero, Herminio, Jaume Amigó, Eduardo Arroyo or Ximo Amigó. Its HOURS collection includes work by Lucio Muñoz, Manolo Valdés, Saura, Tàpies, Chillida, Chirino, Open from 8:00 a.m. to 17:00 p.m. Genovés, Claudio Bravo, Barceló, Clavé, Úrculo, and Fernand Leger. . . Marbella Marbella . . 176 Málaga, Sun and Culture Marbella Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 177 www.visitcostadelsol.com a RT GALLERIES IN Marbella TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU ACUARELA EL CATALEJO LIVIANA LEONE STUDIO RAMÓN VILA Address: C/ Remedios, 7. Suite 1 Address: Avda. Príncipe Alfonso de Hohenlohe Address: Avda. Antonio Belón, 3 Address: C/ Misericordia, 15 Old Quarter Urb. Marbella Real 29602 Marbella Old Quarter 29601 Marbella 29602 Marbella Tel: (+34) 952 772 683 / +34) 952 860 260 29601 Marbella Tel.: (+34) 952 859 065 Tel. and Fax: (+34) 952 777 031 Website: www.livianaleone.com Tel: (+34) 952 776 786 Website: www.acuarelamarbella.com.ar Website: www.galeriaelcatalejo.com E-mail: email@example.com Website: www.galeriasdearte-ramonvila.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org E-mail: email@example.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org MESSEG DESIGN ARTE MARBELLA ESPONA DIÓGENES HALL Address: C/ Aluminio, 6 VAN GESTEL Address: C/ Alonso de Bazán, 3 Address: Plaza Joaquín Gómez Agüera Polígono Industrial La Ermita Address: Plaza de los Naranjos, 11 29602 Marbella Edificio María II. Suite 4 29603 Marbella 29601 Marbella Tel.: (+34) 952 822 345 29601 Marbella. Tel. and Fax: (+34) 952 857 439 Tel: (+34) 952 774 819 E-mail: email@example.com Tel.: (+34) 952 770 228 Website: www.messegdesign.com (+34) 606 599 641 (Ana Mª Muñoz) E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org VICTORIA COLUMBRANS GALLERY Address: Urb. El Rosario. Address: Avda. del Mar, 4 PERDIGUERO STUDIO MILA´S GALLERY Edificio Yellow Car 29602 Marbella Address: Avda. Arias Maldonado, 3 Address: Notario Luis Oliver 29604 Marbella Tel.: (+34) 952 858 221 29602 Marbella 29602 Marbella Tel: (+34) 952 830 487 E-mail: email@example.com Tel: (+34) 952 822 555 Website: www.pintorperdiguero.com PEDRO PEÑA ART GALLERY D.B. BRITISH AND INTERNATIONAL FINE ART Address: CN-340A, Km. 179 Address: CN-340A, Km. 178 ROSA COLLADO STUDIO Tembo Shopping Centre. Block C. Suite 1 Art Galleries Art Galleries Urb. Marbella Real, 14. Suites 19-21 Address: C/ Virgen de los Dolores, 3 29602 Marbella 29602 Marbella Old Quarter Tel: (+34) 952 906 948 Tel.: (+34) 952 866 721 / (+34) 659 228 887 29601 Marbella Fax: (+34) 952 827 423 Website: www.artdbworldwide.com Tel: (+34) 952 863 528 Website: www.pedropena.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.estudiorosacollado.com E-mail: email@example.com . . DIDEH ART GALLERY LINDY G ART GALLERY Address: Marbella Club Shopping Area Address: C/ Ortiz de Molinillos, 8 29602 Marbella Old Quarter Tel: (+34) 952 859 396 29601 Marbella E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: (+34) 952 824 312 Marbella Marbella . . 178 Málaga, Sun and Culture Marbella Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 179 www.visitcostadelsol.com a ART GALLERIES IN San Pedro Alcántara a RT GALLERIES IN Nueva Andalucía And Puerto Banús ARTE SAN PEDRO OLERIONI STUDIO ART & GRÁFICA HELLA MARIA HÖFER GALLERY Address: Avda. Marqués del Duero, 68 Address: Guadalmina Shopping Centre Address: C/ Jesús Puente Address: Edificio Las Terrazas de Banús. 29670 San Pedro Alcántara 29670 San Pedro Alcántara Edificio Las Terrazas de Banús, Suites 22 and 23 Marbella Marbella suite 21-A 29660 Puerto Banús Tel.: (+34) 952 789 223 Tel.: (+34) 952 885 989 29660 Puerto Banús Marbella Marbella Tel.: (+34) 952 908 123 COLORES DEL GIRASOL THE NORTON GALLERY Tel.: (+34) 952 906 566 Address: Los Halcones Shopping Centre. Address: Guadalmina Shopping Centre. Website: www.art-graphica.com KYOMO AUCTION HOUSE Shops 17-18 Shop 25 E-mail: email@example.com Address: Muelle Benabolá, 10 Art Galleries Ctra. de Ronda, Km. 166 Block 2. Guadalmina Alta 29660 Puerto Banús Art Galleries 29670 San Pedro Alcántara 29670 San Pedro Alcántara FORNARA GALLERY Marbella Marbella Marbella Address: Paseo Benabolá, 6-D Tel.: (+34) 952 818 102 Tel.: (+34) 952 769 006 Tel.: (+34) 952 880 463 29660 Puerto Banús Marbella SAMMER GALLERY SYTO OFICIO Tel.: (+34) 952 811 449 / (+34) 617 400 142 Address: Avda. Julio Iglesias, 3 . . Address: Guadalmina Shopping Centre Website: www.fornaragallery.com Edificio Las Terraza de Banús. Suites 10-16 29670 San Pedro Alcántara E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 29660 Puerto Banús San Pedro Alcántara Marbella Marbella Tel.: (+34) 952 885 514 LECRIN GALLERY Tel.: (+34) 952 812 995 / (+34) 610 583 258 Address: Conjunto Benabolá, 11-A. 1-2 Fax: (+34) 952 815 969 Puerto Banús 29660 Nueva Andalucía Website: www.sammergallery.es Marbella E-mail: email@example.com Tel.: (+34) 952 814 354 . . 180 Málaga, Sun and Culture Marbella Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 181 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU The singular silhouette of the Sierra Blanca Marbella range, visible from anywhere in the district, is the quarter. Some scholars have even entertained the possibility that the site of present-day defining geographical feature of the region. Its Marbella was founded by the Romans, and USEFUL INFORMATION northern reaches are mountainous -with some some go on to suggest that it could have been peaks exceeding 1,000 m- and criss-crossed by the famous Iberian enclave of Salduba Surface area: 114.30 km2. innumerable streams which continue to instil the mentioned by Pliny and Ptolemy. In any case, Population: Around 126.422 area with a natural beauty despite the rampant the perimeter of the ancient town, which was Name given to the local people: Marbellíes. spread of luxury housing developments carried undoubtedly fortified, must have coincided with Location: It is situated in the centre of the Western out over the past decades. what is now the old quarter. Costa del Sol, between the foot of the Sierra Blanca mountain range and the coast. The city is 57 km from In spite of the extensive housing complexes that Although the surviving remnants of the castle's Málaga. Its average annual rainfall is 630 l/m2 and the have even reached areas far from the coastal towers and walls date back to the Moorish average temperature is around 18º C. strip and despite the dubious taste of certain period, the lowest part of the construction is What to see: Río Verde Roman Villa, Vega del buildings which don't match with the surrounding certainly Roman, as are the foundations of some Mar Paleo-Christian Basilica, Roman Baths at landscape, old cork oaks, large pine woods and of the buildings in the Plaza de los Naranjos, in Guadalmina, La Encarnación Church, Arab some olive groves can still be found in the the heart of Marbella. Therefore, we could say fortress, San Juan de Dios Hospital, Bazán region. These, along with the newly created that the town was quite important in Roman Hospital (Museum of Prints), Casa del Corregidor, private gardens and the carefully kept golf times. The Vega del Mar Paleo-Christian Santo Cristo de la Vera Cruz Chapel, Town Hall, courses (of which there are fourteen in the Basilica, located near San Pedro Alcántara, Santo Cristo Church, Cortijo Miraflores Museum, district), make greenery one of the basic dates back to the Visigothic period and stands Bonsai Museum, Santiago Chapel, Ralli Museum elements of Marbella's landscape and a key out as one of the most remarkable constructions and Roman Baths or Vaults. attraction for the highly affluent tourists who built during that period in Spain. Tourist Information: frequent the area. Glorieta de la Fontanilla, s/n - 29602 Marbella With the Moorish invasion, the city fell under the Tel.: (+34) 952 774 693 / 771 442 - Fax: (+34) 952 779 457 The second most-populated town within the control of various dynasties until the Banu- E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org province of Málaga, Marbella, was home to Marins (Berbers) took power in 1274. Later it Plaza de los Naranjos, 1 - 29601 Marbella Palaeolithic settlers -its first inhabitants, became part of the Kingdom of Granada -as did Tel.: (+34) 952 823 550 / (+34) 952 773 621 centuries ago- as evidenced by weapons and the rest of the region- until it was conquered by Fax: (+34) 952 773 621 tools found at Coto Correa, in the Las Chapas Ferdinand and Isabella in 1485. E-mail: email@example.com area, and in the Pecho Redondo Cave (in this Arco de Marbella. CN-340A, Km. 183 - 29603 Marbella case, Neolithic) in the southern foothills of the In the sixteenth century, the city began to Tel.: (+34) 952 822 818 / (+34) 952 822 944 Sierra Blanca. There are no traces of other undergo a process of extensive renovation, Fax: (+34) 952 822 944 civilizations here until the end of the which started with the demolition of part of the In San Pedro Alcántara: Carthaginian period, from which there are medina or old quarter to create a central plaza, Marqués del Duero, 69 - 29670 San Pedro Alcántara remains that suggest the Carthaginians might the present-day Plaza de los Naranjos. A street Tel.: (+34) 952 785 252 / (+34) 952 789 090 have built a factory in Río Verde, about 5 km was also built to connect this new urban area Arco de San Pedro - A-7 (CN-340A), Km. 170 from Marbella. with the sea. The name of the city changed from 29670 San Pedro Alcántara Barbesula, in the Roman period, to Barbella Marbella Marbella Tel.: (+34) 952 781 360 / 781 359 - Fax: (+34) 952 781 359 The Romans left their mark on the region, as under the Moors, and finally became Marbella - In Puerto Banús: seen in the Río Verde villa, the baths at a derivation of the Arab name- with the arrival of Main entrance to the port - 29660 Puerto Banús Guadalmina and other findings in the old the Christians. Tel.: (+34) 952 818 570 - Fax: (+34) 952 818 570 . . E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org 182 Málaga, Sun and Culture Marbella Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 183 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU In light of the city's present-day aspect, it's difficult to imagine that nineteenth-century Marbella was once a leader of the Spanish mining industry, with blast furnaces to process iron extracted from the Sierra Blanca mines. Within the span of a single century, the city witnessed its own transformation from an industrial centre to a world-class tourist destination. HOW TO GET THERE By car, take the Costa del Sol AP-7 toll motorway or the Autovía del Mediterráneo N-340 highway (CN-340A). Both routes are well signposted. WHAT TO SEE Marbella boasts the highest concentration of golf courses in Spain -and even much of Europe- along with marinas, restaurants, a casino, luxury hotels and very elegant shops, not to mention its excellent beaches covering more than 20 km of coastline. But this is not all, for the city also offers a historical-artistic heritage of great interest, and its historic centre has admirably withstood the "latest craze," which has changed Marbella in so many ways. The Roman Villa of Río Verde, discovered in 1962, was built between the first and second The basilica has been roughly dated to the fourth or around an octagonal courtyard with a pool at its centuries A.D. It is located about 5 km from the the sixth centuries, with different arguments in centre. Seven interconnected octagonal city centre. The highlights of the site are the favour of one or the other. It has a rectangular floor- chambers surround the courtyard. The upper mosaics, of great artistic quality. They depict plan and three naves. It is also known that one of area is situated at a height of nearly 5 m and is culinary motifs, whose structuring is considered the two sacristies was converted into a baptistery in crowned by a central dome that lets natural light by some experts to be very similar to the art of the the sixth century (under Byzantine domination), for in to illuminate the pool. The remains of clay twentieth century. The central figure of the which a 1.1 meter-deep baptismal font was pipes found here indicate that hot water or hot Medusa head is surrounded by birds, ducks, urns installed. Jewels, pottery, coins and inscriptions air was possibly piped into the baths. and plant motifs in a variety of colours. corresponding to various funerary offerings have all been found at this site. The Church of La Encarnación, whose The Vega del Mar Paleo-Christian Basilica, ecclesiastical authorization dates back to 1505, discovered in 1915, is in the town of Linda Vista Next to the entrance archway of San Pedro was erected in 1618. It features a magnificent Marbella Marbella Baja, next to San Pedro Alcántara. A necropolis Alcántara lie the Guadalmina Roman baths. Baroque red-stone façade. The central nave (it with more than 180 burial sites was also Dating from between the second and third has three) ends in a semicircular apse crowned uncovered during its excavation. centuries A.D., the complex was constructed by a vault. The main altarpiece, also Baroque, . . 184 Málaga, Sun and Culture Marbella Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 185 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU is adorned with an image of St Barnabas, the Patron Saint. The choir contains the Organ of Inaugurated in 1992, the Museo del Grabado city's Patron Saint. The choir contains the Sol Mayor, one of the most important among Español Contemporáneo (Museum of Organ of Sol Mayor, one of the most important those manufactured in Spain over the past Contemporary Spanish Prints, C/ Hospital among those manufactured in Spain over the twenty-five years. Bazán, s/n. C.P. 29601. Marbella. Tel.: (+34) 952 past twenty-five years. 765 741) stands out among Spain's museums. The Santo Cristo Church, built between the Almost all the famed Spanish engravers have Parts of the old Arab fortress, some sections of fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, is one of the one or more works on display on the museum the walls and a tower are very well preserved. oldest buildings in Marbella. The Santo Cristo de halls, including Antonio López, Picasso, Dalí, Roman materials were used in its construction la Vera Cruz Chapel was built in the sixteenth Tàpies, Clavé, Equipo Crónica, Genovés, (ninth to tenth century), including the stone blocks century and subsequently restored in the Sempere, Palazuelo, Chillida, Barceló, Sicilia… in the lower part of the walls as well as three Ionic eighteenth century. These two buildings are Temporary exhibitions and series of conferences capitals that serve here as support stones. interesting examples of the city's religious are also organised here. architecture. The Renaissance, Gothic and Mudéjar styles can Ralli Museum (Address: CN-340A, Km. 176. be found in the San Juan de Dios Hospital, built Marbella's museums are housed in five different Urb. Coral Beach - 29602 Marbella - Tel.: (+34) in the sixteenth century. The lower part of the buildings and cover a variety of topics. The 952 857 923) The Ralli Museums belong to a stone façade contrasts with the whitewashed bell Museo Cortijo de Miraflores (C/ Luis Morales private non-profit international organisation tower, painted in white after the old popular and Marín, s/n. Tel.: (+34) 952 902 714) is whose the main purpose is to draw the general tradition. The main entranceway is made of stone, located in an early-eighteenth-century building. public's attention to the quality of contemporary and the royal coat of arms, as well as that of the It underwent an extensive refurbishing to Latin American art. These museums were Order of St. John of God, is carved into its accommodate several temporary exhibition halls created, funded and managed by Mr Harry wooden door. A Mudéjar ceiling has been as well as its hallmark permanent exhibit: an old Recanati, a retired banker and art collector. So preserved in the chapel. olive oil mill and all the equipment used for far, five Ralli Museums have been established in producing olive oil. various countries, and admission to all of them is The Bazán Hospital, also from the sixteenth free of charge. century, is a peculiar building. It was The peculiar Museo de Arte Mecánico (Museum constructed on top of three old Arab houses, of Mechanical Art, C/ EI Ingenio de la The Ralli Museum in Marbella exhibits the most giving its rooms a strange asymmetry. Just as Morena, s/n. Tel.: (+34) 952 786 968) important collection of Latin American paintings with the San Juan de Dios Hospital, the exhibits machines made out of scrap metal, across Europe. The works have been selected remains of this building feature Renaissance, while the Museo del Ralli (C/ Urbanización only taking their quality into account, irrespective Gothic and Mudéjar elements. It was formerly Coral Beach, 5. Tel.: (+34) 952 857 923) of the reputation of the artists or market value. the residence of Alonso de Bazán, the city's houses a collection of works, most of them Most of the eight-hundred artists whose work is alderman. contemporary, by Latin American artists. on display in the museum's galleries are quite well known in their countries of origin, although The Church of La Encarnación, whose The Museo del Bonsai (Parque Arroyo de not generally famous internationally. ecclesiastical authorization dates back to 1505, la Represa. C.P. 29601. Marbella Tel.:(+34) was erected in 1618. It features a magnificent 952 862 926) is considered as one of the Also, museum-goers will find paintings by Baroque red-stone façade. The central nave (it best of its kind in all of Europe. Its Chagall, Max Ernst, Miró, Dalí, Henry Moore, Marbella Marbella has three) ends in a semicircular apse crowned collection of wild olive trees is impressive, Wunderlich, and André Masson, among other by a vault. The main altarpiece, also Baroque, is as well as tiny Spanish firs, a native artists, and sculptures by European artists like adorned with an image of St Barnabas, the city's species in danger of extinction. Dalí or Maillol. . . 186 Málaga, Sun and Culture Marbella Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 187 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU FIESTAS The cosmopolitan nature of Marbella has not taken anything away from its festive traditions, actually quite the contrary. Its festival calendar has, however, become more diversified to accommodate an ever more heterogeneous population. The Fair of San Bernabé, held close to 11 June, is the celebration most deeply rooted in popular strengthened over the past decades by the vegetable soup) and ajoblanco (chilled garlic tradition of all Marbella's fiestas. The fair takes creation of new cofradías (fraternities). and almond soup). However, Marbella's place in the historic centre by day and, at sunset, culinary tradition is much more varied than that, it moves over to the fairgrounds. Regardless of The first documents that mention this religious and it's not at all surprising that the cuisine here the venue, a noticeable Andalusian air celebration in Marbella date back to the enjoys merited renown. Several of the most predominates, truly enjoyed by foreign visitors. sixteenth century and attest to the existence of acclaimed restaurants on the Costa del Sol are The pilgrimage to the Cruz de Juanar, a symbolic the Misericordia and the Vera Cruz fraternities. located in Marbella, where international haute place located in the mountain range of the same Only scanty historical data point to the keeping cuisine combining tradition and innovation has name, takes place on 1 May. of this tradition throughout the eighteenth and found a home. nineteenth centuries, and it wasn't until the Marbella's second city centre, San Pedro 1960s that it began to see renewed popularity. MARINAS Alcántara, celebrates four days in honour of its There are eleven cofradías in Marbella, San One of the features contributing to Marbella's Patron Saint around 19 October. The municipal Pedro Alcántara and Nueva Andalusia, where pre-eminent position as a tourist destination is pavilion is the site of the most acclaimed they feature a live re-enactment of Jesus' the quality of its marinas. They are not just run- performances and is the centrepiece of the fair, entrance into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday. of-the-mill marinas with all the usual services, which also includes a procession of the Saint The walls of the old Arab castle provide an but true centres of leisure and recreation with through the main streets of the city. impressive historical backdrop for the portrayal lots of commercial and social activity. of the entrance of Jesus into Jerusalem together It could be said that it isn't that frequent for a As in most of the mountain towns in the region, with Our Lady of Peace on Palm Sunday. single community to have four marinas as Marbella celebrates the traditional tostón (chestnut Marbella does. Here, visitors can choose roast) on 1 November, at the time of the All Saints' One of the most spectacular and moving between La Bajadilla fishing port, the Marbella Day festivities. Groups of young people spend the moments of Marbella's Holy Week celebrations or Cabopino marinas, or Puerto Banús, which is day in the countryside collecting chestnuts, which occurs when the Maria Santísima del Calvario's without a doubt the most famous, not only are then roasted and eaten, local brandy being the (Our Lady of Calvary) float is carried down from because of the large luxury yachts usually perfect accompaniment to them. its chapel on Holy Thursday. moored here, but also because of the number and quality of the leisure facilities, shops and It is during Holy Week, however, that Marbella's FOOD restaurants located nearby. It has got to the Andalusian character really comes to the fore. Pescaíto frito (small fried fish), popular in all the point where a stay in Marbella isn't complete Marbella Marbella This celebration not only coexists perfectly with coastal communities of Málaga, is certainly the without a visit to Puerto Banús. The four marinas the customs and traditions of the thousands of most requested of the typical dishes. Other offer a total of about 1,729 moorings, more than foreign residents, but has actually been specialties include paella, gazpacho (chilled half of which are located in Puerto Banús. . . 188 Málaga, Sun and Culture Marbella Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 189 www.visitcostadelsol.com m IJAS AUDITORIUM Mijas TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU USEFUL INFORMATION index. Mijas Málaga, Sun and Culture Address: Jardines de la Muralla, s/n 29650 Mijas Tel.: (+34) 952 590 380 (Mijas Council Culture Department) Fax: (+34) 952 590 380 E-mail: email@example.com . THEATRES Mijas Auditorium page 191 Las Lagunas Theatre page 192 The Mijas Auditorium, located in the Jardines de la Muralla, Mijas Pueblo, near the . bullring and the parish church, hosts innumerable CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS cultural events throughout the year, especially in Mijas Auditorium the summer. In August, the auditorium also hosts Mijas Pueblo House of Culture / History and Ethnography the Villa de Mijas Theatre Festival Museum / Popular University page 193 Las Lagunas House of Culture page 194 La Cala Cultural and Sports Centre page 195 Patio de las Fuentes Exhibition Hall (Town Hall) . page 196 Tamisa Art Gallery page 197 .Mijas 190 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 191 L AS LAGUNAS THEATRE Mijas m IJAS PUEBLO HOUSE OF CULTURE / HISTORY Mijas AND ETHNOGRAPHY MUSEUM / POPULAR UNIVERSITY USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Camino de Campanales, s/n 29649 Las Lagunas, Mijas Costa USEFUL INFORMATION Tel.: (+34) 952 590 380 Address: Plaza de la Libertad, 2 29650 Mijas Tel.: (+34) 952 590 380 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Mijas Pueblo House of Culture Open since April 2006, Las Lagunas This cultural space opened its doors There is also a library in the premises, an Theatre is located halfway from the Sierra de to the public in May 1995. The building, on De la auditorium used for theatrical, music Las Lagunas Theatre Mijas Institute and the Sports City. Libertad Street, was the Town Hall from 1912 to performances, and classes. The Popular 1986, when the city authorities moved to a new University teaches courses in the building (Tel.: With a surface area of 3,000 sq m and a capacity building in Virgen de la Peña Square. The façade (+34) 952 485 483 - 952 586 926). This of 750, the theatre has a modern stage with a boasts two telamons or Hercules made in 1916 University, accessed from Muro Street, is the state-of-the-art equipment, including moving by the French sculptor Thomas Porres. oldest centre of the entire district, since it started platforms and sophisticated sound and lighting its activities in this building 23 years ago. facilities. Visibility is perfect from every seat. Its interior has a beautiful central patio, surrounded by all the rooms of the building. When it ceased to be used as Town Hall it was . . renovated and it became the present-day History and Ethnography Museum. Mijas Mijas . . 192 Málaga, Sun and Culture Mijas Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 193 www.visitcostadelsol.com L AS LAGUNAS HOUSE OF CULTURE Mijas L A CALA CULTURAL AND SPORTS CENTRE Mijas USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ San Valentín, s/n Address: Boulevard de La Cala, s/n Mijas Costa 29649 La Cala (Mijas Costa) Tel.: (+34) 952 590 380 Tel.: (+34) 952 587 750 Fax: (+34) 952 466 183 E-mail: email@example.com E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org La Cala Cultural and Sports Centre Las Lagunas House of Culture This multi-purpose space has a Open since September 2005, the library and a classroom area for the different cultural centre is divided into several areas. workshops conducted by the Popular University. There's an exhibition hall -the youngest of the Moreover, it is home to the main office of the district-, library, classrooms where workshops Popular University, Las Lagunas Centre for conducted by the Popular University are offered Continuing Education, and the offices of the (pottery, painting, dancing, Spanish as a foreign departments for Development and Youth of the language, English, computing…) and a space for Mijas Council. sporting activities (gym, body shaping, karate, and yoga, among others) There's a two-floor exhibition hall, the largest in the district, which runs individual and group . . exhibits, offers theatre plays, concerts and lectures. Mijas Mijas . . 194 Málaga, Sun and Culture Mijas Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 195 www.visitcostadelsol.com p ATIO DE LAS FUENTES EXHIBITION HALL(TOWN HALL) Mijas tAMISA ART GALLERY Mijas USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Plaza Virgen de la Peña, s/n Address: Plaza de la Constitución - Edificio 29650 Mijas Alcazaba Tel.: (+34) 952 589 000 29650 Mijas Pueblo Fax: (+34) 952 589 001 Tel.: (+34) 952 485 215 E-mail: email@example.com Fax: (+34) 952 590 567 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Patio de las Fuentes Exhibition Hall The modern Town Hall, built in 1987 The Tamisa Art Gallery, in Mijas by architect Antonio Herrezuelo, is the most Pueblo, contains permanent collections of works beautiful on the coast thanks to its Andalusian by different local, national or international artists Tamisa Art Gallery style and a big covered patio. In the interior we'll like Valentín Kovatchev, Michele L., Lorenzo find the city offices, the auditorium (where they Quinn, or jewellers such as Carrera y Carrera. offer concerts, lectures, and celebrate weddings), and the Patio de Las Fuentes, which is used as an exhibition hall. This hall, on the underground level, hosts several exhibitions all the year round. . . Mijas Mijas . . 196 Málaga, Sun and Culture Mijas Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 197 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU The district of Mijas is tucked between the Mijas sea and its namesake mountain range. The mineral resources of the region. The first historical reference to the town comes from proximity of the highest peak (1,130 m) to the Ptolemy, a geographer at the School of USEFUL INFORMATION coast at times makes for rather abrupt contrasts Alexandria during the second century A.D. He in elevation. The many steep valleys, mountain most likely visited the area at the time or had Surface area: 147 km2. crests and rolling hills are still home to areas of received information from those who knew it Population: About 53,000. native vegetation, despite the spectacular well, given the accuracy of his descriptions. Name given to the local people: Mijeños. encroachment of housing developments Location: In the Western Costa del Sol, the town introduced into the area in recent years, which In Roman times, the area was called Tamisa, is situated approximately 430 m above sea level, has made it increasingly more difficult to and apparently, the economy was thriving here 30 km from the provincial capital and 8 km from maintain the small pastures and olive groves because the town was next to the Appian Way, a neighbouring Fuengirola. Average annual rainfall that provide such a scanty economic return Roman road connecting the cities of Cádiz and is 660 l/m2 and the average temperature is these days. Málaga. The Arabs called the town Mixa, from around 17º C. which the Christians then derived the present- What to see: Virgen de la Peña Chapel, Even so, a certain general respect for the day name: Mijas. Inmaculada Concepción Church, Bullring, surroundings, along with the powerful Carromato de Max, Casa Museo (House landscape, has prevented golf courses and The Moors took control of the village shortly after Museum), Museo de las Torres Vigías construction projects from hiding the natural landing on the Iberian Peninsula. By 714 they were (Watchtower Museum). beauty of the region. The mountains and the already governing it while allowing the inhabitants to Tourist Information: people themselves continue to be the defining keep their possessions, religion and customs in Tourist Office, features of the district. The coastline, on the exchange for a certain percentage of their livestock Virgen de laPeña Plaza (29650). other hand, has been almost entirely developed and agricultural production. Tel.: (+34) 952 485 820. between Fuengirola and Marbella with the Fax: (+34) 952 486 694. exception of a few rocky stretches. The good relations between Muslims and Mozarabs were strengthened under the This district, like many others in the province of leadership of Umar ibn Hafsun, with a cordial Málaga, consists of several towns including relationship developing out of the two sides' Mijas Pueblo, Las Lagunas and Cala de Mijas. mutual need for one another. Upon the death of Mijas Pueblo is a typical, whitewashed, Umar ibn Hafsun, Abd-ar-Rahman III Andalusian village of Moorish layout. It houses reconquered the area. most of the town's monuments and its administrative centre. The majority of the Mijas resisted Christian's harassment until the municipal services and some residential areas fall of Málaga, in 1487. Upon hearing of the city's can be found in Las Lagunas, while Cala de conquest, the inhabitants of Mijas believed an Mijas, situated right on the coast, is entirely unconditional surrender would be the most residential and dedicated to "sun and sand" tourism. advantageous. They sent a delegation to Málaga to agree on the terms of the surrender, Archaeological evidence points to Mijas as but they were imprisoned and some were even belonging to the Turdetan culture, and other sold as slaves. The distribution of the town's Mijas Mijas remains attest the fact that the Phoenicians and lands among Old Christians took place in 1494 the Greeks settled in the area, trading the and, in 1521, the community was granted the . . 198 Málaga, Sun and Culture Mijas Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 199 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU title of "village" as a reward for its fidelity to Although the Virgen de la Peña Chapel does not Charles I during the Commoners' Rebellion. In stand out for its artistic value, it is the place addition, Joanna the Mad declared the village where the community's patroness is honoured. exempt from having to pay the alcabalas -a tribute on This real centre of religious devotion was carved all goods traded. out of the rock by monks during the second half of the seventeenth century. Legend has it that Centuries later, on 2 December, 1831, Mijas the image of the Virgin was found in the walls of played witness to an important historic event as the old castle during the last third of the General Torrijos landed on the beach of El sixteenth century, in a place where it had been Charcón with fifty two of his companions. They hidden eight centuries earlier to prevent its being crossed the district of Mijas towards the taken by the Muslims. The grounds of the chapel mountains and then travelled down to Alhaurín de are lined with carefully tended gardens that lead la Torre, finally taking refuge in a big farmhouse to a viewpoint where an incredible vista, not just belonging to the Count of Mollina. Some days of Mijas and Fuengirola, but also of a good later, on 11 December, the General and his men stretch of the Costa del Sol can be enjoyed. were executed by firing squad on San Andrés beach, in Málaga for their opposition to Ferdinand The Church of the Inmaculada Concepción, VII's absolutism. dating back to the sixteenth century, was constructed on the crown of a hill where a castle, HOW TO GET THERE and later a mosque, once stood. The church's From the Costa del Sol, take Autovía del interior is divided into three naves with the Mediterráneo (AP-7; N-340). When heading from central one conserving its Mudéjar coffered Málaga to Cádiz, once you pass Benalmádena, ceiling. The tower was built on a square floor- take the Mijas exit and then follow the A-368. plan, and some experts believe it may have When coming from Fuengirola towards Málaga, belonged to the old fortress. follow the Autovía del Mediterráneo, and then the A-387 motorway. In both cases the routes are The original Bullring, located in La Muralla and clearly indicated by signs. built in 1900, breaks all the architectural rules usually seen in such buildings. Built on rock, it WHAT TO SEE features an oval inner ring set into a square Upon arriving at Mijas Pueblo, visitors will exterior. Ceramic tiles lining the walls recall the immediately notice the ambience of an Oriental great moments of the best bullfighters to have bazaar in the numerous shops in the old quarter. graced the bullring over the years: Paquirri, This is not so much due to the kinds of goods Palomo Linares, Niño de la Capea and Ángel Teruel. Open to the public since 1995, the Casa Museo being sold -although this could almost be the (House Museum, Plaza de la Libertad. Tel.: case- but because of the way in which small The Carromato de Max (Del Compás Ave.) is (+34) 952 590 380) displays traditional farming shops line the narrow village streets. Alongside considered to be the world's first museum of equipment and tools that allow visitors to get a this multicoloured hotchpotch, the alleyways and miniatures. Some of its most impressive pieces feel for the rural lifestyle prevalent in the region busy plazas play host to the constant coming and include the "Our Father" prayer written on the until but a short time ago. The first floor of the Mijas Mijas going of the famous donkey taxis, one of Mijas's edge of a business card and a portrait of building is dedicated to temporary arts best-known and unique tourist attractions. Abraham Lincoln on the head of a pin. exhibitions. . . 200 Málaga, Sun and Culture Mijas Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 201 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU The Museo de las Torres Vigías (Watchtower streets on the opening day to the beat of music Museum), in Cala de Mijas (Tel.: (+34) 952 590 played by bands. On the day of Our Lady of La 380) houses a visitor centre offering information Peña, 8 September, the image of the patroness on the watchtowers found in the Mijas district is carried from the parish church to its chapel, (Torre de Calaburras, Torre Vieja, Torre Nueva after being honoured with a floral offering. and Torre de Calahonda), and also features a detailed account of Torrijos's landing on the Mijas There are many musical performances every coast, as well as a display of the various local day, and a wide variety of competitions and fishing methods and their tools. activities for children and adults alike. In the Bullring there are horse-taming exhibitions, FIESTAS horse races, and the "crazy rally." Both villagers Each of the three population centres celebrates and visitors are careful not to miss the giant its own fair. Las Lagunas launches its fireworks paella cook-off or the popular dance first with its fair getting underway in the first two competition. A fireworks display finally marks the weeks of June. The festival is celebrated at the end of the celebrations, which have to wait until fairgrounds but kicks off with a grand parade the following year to come back. through the main streets. The municipal pavilion and the youth pavilion are generally the two The Virgen de la Peña Plaza has played host to liveliest locations thanks to the musical the Día Internacional de los Pueblos performances held there. The celebrations also (International Peoples' Day) for the past years. hornazos (sweet bread) are the town's most feature equestrian exhibitions, fishing and radio- The festivities feature a multicultural parade, popular baked products. ham competitions. A fireworks grand finale brings folklore and ethnic performances, as well as jazz the festivities to a close. and Celt music concerts. LEISURE One of Mijas's most interesting contributions to Cala de Mijas waits for the second two weeks of Visitors cannot miss the opportunity to taste food leisure and sports is the Costa del Sol July to start celebrating. Festivities start off with and drink specialties from all over the world Racetrack, inaugurated just a few years ago and parade featuring cabezudos (large-head figures) without stepping outside the fairgrounds, while already considered as one of the best in Spain. and giants accompanied by musical bands, exhibitors take part in a competition where In addition to the horse races, its fairgrounds majorettes and the Queen of the Fair with her prizes are awarded in a variety of categories. welcome live music performances and house ladies-in-waiting. Concerts are held all day long in several restaurants. Races take place on the official municipal pavilions, while costume, FOOD Sunday mornings during the winter and on flamenco singing, sand-castle building and fishing The large foreign population in the town has Saturday nights during the summer. competitions add to the fun. Various sports exposed Mijas's food tradition to countless new competitions, including golf, discus, indoor international recipes that were virtually unknown The Mijas Water Park has contributed to an football and tennis, round out the festivities. An in the region until recently. However, the town increase in family tourism in the area, offering impressive fireworks grand finale tops it all off. does still keep its own cooking traditions, practically every sort of aquatic attraction you featuring specialties like salmorejo (a soup can imagine (kamikaze, wave pool, labyrinth of The fiestas in honour of the Virgen de la Peña are made with tomato and garlic) as well as other waterslides, soft slides, adventure river, and held in Mijas Pueblo during the second week of types of soups including maimones (made with water world for children). It also features a large Mijas Mijas September. A spectacular cabezudos and giants' egg and Spanish ham), cachorreñas, garlic, and picnic area, beach volleyball courts, mini golf parade makes its way through the town's main gazpachuelo (fish soup). Buñuelos (fritters) and and several game rooms. . . 202 Málaga, Sun and Culture Mijas Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 203 www.visitcostadelsol.com c AVE EXPLORING VISITOR CENTRE Montejaque TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU USEFUL INFORMATION index. Montejaque Málaga, Sun and Culture Address: Avda Andalucía, 50 29360 Montejaque Tel.: (+34) 952 167 196 Fax: (+34) 952 167 351 E-mail: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS Cave Exploring Visitor Centre Cave Exploring Visitor Centre page 205 The district of Montejaque opened the first Cave Exploring Visitor Centre of Andalusia last year. The facility is also a learning centre where teachers, students, experts and speleologists do courses or offer lectures. The centre has a privileged location, since Montejaque is surrounded by limestone rock formations. By means of information signs, showcases and videos, the centre shows the most interesting . facts about the karstic features of the mountains that surround Montejaque, the caves and rocks, the relation of men with caves, cave exploring both as a sporting and a scientific activity, caving techniques, underground photography and bat Montejaque protection measures. Moreover, the auditorium at the Montejaque Town Hall hosts temporary exhibitions. . 204 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 205 TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Montejaque The district of Montejaque stretches between the Guadiaro Valley and the Sierra de Líbar mountain 1810 on the River Gaduares bridge. José Aguilar commanded a squad of about 250 men USEFUL INFORMATION range, and part of its territory goes deep into from several nearby villages (Benaoján, Atajate, Grazalema Nature Park. The district boasts Montejaque, Cortes and Jimera de Líbar) who Surface area: 46.60 km2. magnificent landscapes, enhanced by the emergence defeated 600 soldiers and 90 cavalrymen from Population: Around 1,000. of such peaks as Peñón de Mures (865 m), Cerro France. Name given to the local people: Montejaqueños. Tavizna (899 m) and El Hacho (1,065 m). Location: In the western part of the Serranía de HOW TO GET THERE Ronda highlands, the region to which it belongs. Surprisingly, only 2 km from the village, between Leave Ronda via the A-376, and 4.5 kilometres It is 140 km from Málaga City, 21 km from the Montalate and Juan Diego mountain ranges, farther, take the MA-555 to Benaoján. Then, take Ronda and only 2 km from Benaoján. The the country opens up and broad plains with the MA-506 towards Montejaque. Another way village is almost 700 metres above sea level. grazing cattle appear. This area is quite different to reach Montejaque is by the A-376 from The area records an average rainfall of more from all the other areas in the district, whose Ronda. Drive along 12 km and take the exit onto than 1,600 l/m 2, and the annual average terrain is extremely uneven. the MA-505, which leads straight to Montejaque temperature is 16º C. without passing through Benaoján. What to see: Parish Church of Santiago el Mayor The village, sheltered by imposing rocks, (St James the Great), Cueva de la Pileta (in comprises two fairly distinct areas: the lower Benaoján), Hundidero-Cueva del Gato. part, with a rectilinear street layout, and the WHAT TO SEE Tourist Information: Town Hall. Plaza de la upper one, from the Muslim era, with steep and Montejaque's greatest asset is, undoubtedly, its Constitución, 4 (29630). Tel.: (+34) 952 167 196. winding streets. The name of the place derives natural setting, since the only important Fax: (+34) 952 167 351. from the Arabic language and is usually monument is the Parish Church of Santiago el translated as "lost mountain." There is no record Mayor (St James the Great), located between of any settlement prior to the arrival of the Arabs, the village's upper and lower parts. It was built who apparently built a castle that commanded back in the sixteenth century (late Gothic), but it views of part of the Serranía. After the Christian was rebuilt in 1773. It consists of three different conquest and the cession of Montejaque and naves. The decoration of the Baroque chapel in Benaoján to the Count of Benavente, the two the Gospel side of the church is especially villages ceased to be considered as outskirts of Ronda. worthy of note. Visitors who come to Montejaque will probably go to Benaoján too, since it's only 2 During the Moorish uprising, unusual events km away. Benaoján has the La Pileta Cave, occurred in Montejaque: its Mayor, the Moorish which has been declared a Cave Art National Mamad Idriz, was attacked several times for Monument, due to the quality of its paintings. openly collaborating with the Christians. His decision to help the Christians bore fruit in the end, Cave explorers will find the Hundidero-Cueva del since, with the Moorish population driven out, he Gato caves extremely interesting. The River was given lands and even an annuity for a lifetime. Guadares is literally swallowed by the cave system and only re-emerges 4 kilometres ahead, at the Montejaque Montejaque Chronicles state that in the early nineteenth Cueva del Gato cave. Years ago, a dam century, during the War of Independence, a well- construction was started in the area to take known guerrilla named José de Aguilar advantage of the abundant rainfalls but the attempt confronted the Napoleonic troops on 20 October failed because in the limestone that was to serve as . . 206 Málaga, Sun and Culture Montajaque Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 207 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU a natural container numerous sinkholes occurred Other ingredients on Montejaque's typical recipe through which water leaked out. The remnants of list are garbanzo, squash, peas, artichoke, the structure have been preserved as a remainder bacon, black pudding and kid, which make of the lack of technical expertise. Nevertheless, delicious stews. Molletes (bread rolls) and whenever a heavy rain falls, the reservoir fills with homemade marmalade are indispensable to any water and the spot becomes exceptionally beautiful. Montejaque-style breakfast. The local must wine is highly prized for its unique flavour. FIESTAS The Virgin of the Conception festival takes place LEGENDS from 15 to 17 May and also from 13 to 16 August, The Virgin of the Conception enjoys deep which is when the celebration gathers a huge devotion in Montejaque. The story goes that crowd. There are competitions, verbenas (open air Ronda was being devastated by an epidemic celebrations), musical performances (including and its residents, aware of the miracles that flamenco) and the procession of the Virgin. had been performed by the patroness of Montejaque, asked for the Virgin to be brought The unusual juego del cántaro (pitcher game) is to their town so that she could stop the played in Carnival time. A pitcher is hurled from one epidemic from spreading. Those who carried person to another in ever-widening circles, so that the statue of the Virgin noticed that as they the pitcher will most probably fall onto the ground. walked uphill exiting town, the statue became Montejaque Montejaque heavier and heavier, until they could go no FOOD farther and decided to return. The following day The most traditional dish is stewed potatoes, news came from Ronda announcing that the seasoned with one piece of every part of a pig. epidemic had subsided. . . 208 Málaga, Sun and Culture Montajaque Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 209 www.visitcostadelsol.com v ILLA DE NERJA CULTURAL CENTRE Nerja TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU USEFUL INFORMATION index. Nerja Málaga, Sun and Culture Address: C/ Granada, 45 29780 Nerja Tel.: (+34) 952 523 863 Fax: (+34) 952 524 007 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org . THEATRES Villa de Nerja Cultural Centre Villa de Nerja Cultural Centre page 211 In this cultural centre, visitors can . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS enjoy theatre plays, dance performances, concerts and films. Villa de Nerja Cultural Centre page 212 Mercado Hall page 213 . .Nerja 210 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 211 v ILLA DE NERJA CULTURAL CENTRE Nerja m ERCADO HALL Nerja USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Granada, 45 Address: Plaza de la Ermita, s/n Tel.: (+34) 952 523 863 29780 Nerja Tel.: (+34) 952 520 190 Fax: (+34) 952 520 190 E-mail: email@example.com Villa de Nerja Cultural Centre The site used to house an olive-oil Nerja has transformed the former press dating from the dawn of the twentieth town market into the city exhibition hall. century; then it was demolished and the Town Council built and opened the Cultural Centre in 1998. The centre organises different activities, Mercado Hall such as folklore, dance, music, theatre performances and workshops. It has a total audience capacity of 335. . . Nerja Nerja . . 212 Málaga, Sun and Culture Nerja Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 213 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU The eastern edge of the province of Nerja Málaga is connected with the province of fortress whose remains can still be seen in Castillo Alto (High Castle), next to the old Granada by the district of Nerja. This town is not Frigiliana turnoff. USEFUL INFORMATION only the most important tourist centre in Eastern Costa del Sol, but also has the most appealing In 1487, after Vélez surrendered, Nerja sent Surface area: 84.40 km2. coastal landscape throughout Málaga's coast, its representatives to the town in order to Population: Around 18,000. since the sides of Sierra de Almijara wildly burst show respect for the Catholic Monarchs, Name given to the local people: Nerjeños. into the sea in a way that is unusual in this hence avoiding bloodshed. Shortly after that Nickname: Morralleros. Mediterranean area, making up a highly rugged visit, Pedro de Córdoba took possession of Location: Nerja is located on the easternmost seashore. This coastal environment has been the town on behalf of the Catholic Monarchs side of Axarquía and, therefore, of the province of called Maro Cliffs-Cerro Gordo Natural Site and Under Christian rule, the population began to Málaga, at the foothills of Sierra de Almijara. has an array of little virgin coves which are decrease, and in order to prevent further Situated 30 m above sea level, the town is 45 km difficult to be accessed, but nevertheless worth seeing. dropping in population numbers, Joanna the away from Málaga. Nerja has an annual average Mad ordered Nerja to be repopulated with Old rainfall of 460 l/m2 and an average annual Towards the interior, the territory of Nerja goes Christians from Vizcaya, Valencia, Galicia temperature of about 20° C. up the Sierra de Almijara, which integrates with and Málaga itself. What to see: Old Quarter, Balcón de Europa the Tejeda range through a region of steep (Europe's Balcony), El Salvador Church, Ermita ravines, gorges and crests, grooved by By the end of the sixteenth century, the first de Las Angustias (Chapel of Our Lady of numerous watercourses, forming an sugar mill was set up in Nerja, and in late Sorrows), Nuestra Señora de las Maravillas (Our extraordinarily diverse mountain landscape. In eighteenth century, there was a paper factory Lady of Wonders) Church (Maro), Acueducto del the areas closest to town, there are a large that took water from the De la Miel River. The Águila (Eagle's Aqueduct), Cave of Nerja, number of housing developments that coexist - factory operated until the early twentieth century. Chanquete's Boat, Maro Cliffs-Cerro Gordo probably not for very long- with terraced plots During the War of Independence, the English Natural Site. where all kinds of subtropical fruits and tore down the fortress that used to be where now Tourist Information: vegetables are raised. the Balcón de Europa (Europe's Balcony) is, Tourist Office, together with the local port. C/ Puerta del Mar, 2. The first remains of human settlement in this Tel.: (+34) 952 521 531 district were found in the famous Cave of Nerja, The name of the town derives from an Arabic Tourist Office, dating back to the Aurignacian, Upper word: Narixa, Naricha or Narija, apparently C/ Carmen, 1 Bajos Ayuntamiento Palaeolithic period. There is no information taken from a pre-Roman name. The translation 29780-Nerja. (Málaga) regarding other civilisations before the Roman of "abundant spring" that some suggest for this Tel. 952-52.15.31 arrival, when apparently a small settlement name is not very reliable, although there are Fax 952-52.62.87 (Detunda) put down roots in current Maro. Maro plenty of reasons to talk about water abundance www.nerja.org is another centre of population of Nerja, where in this district. firstname.lastname@example.org the cliffs and the Cave of Nerja itself are located. However, the first historic document about the HOW TO GET THERE history of Nerja appears in a writing by Ibn Said Nerja is situated on the Costa del Sol, therefore Al-Mugrabi, the poet, written during the rule of you only need to take the Autovía del Abd-ar-Rahman III (tenth century). He refers to Mediterráneo expressway (A-7, N-340) from any Nerja Nerja this town as a farming community where fine silk point at the coast of Málaga and drive towards products were made. Old Narixa was built by a Motril-Almería. . . 214 Málaga, Sun and Culture Nerja Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 215 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU WHAT TO SEE If there is a town in Costa del Sol that looks at the sea almost defiantly, that is Nerja. Its main avenue starts in the old quarter of town and comes out directly onto the metallic rail that overlooks the Mediterranean Sea. But before going to this exceptional viewpoint, you should take a walk down the city's old quarter. With a layout designed in 1487 -and despite being under international tourism pressure- the streets' main decorative motif is still whitewashing, though it can be seen that some spots have replaced their picturesque features into on those of comfort and functionality. Built on the site of the fortress that was destroyed in 1812 during the Independence War, lies the famous Balcón de Europa (Europe's balcony), at the end of a wide avenue lined in palm trees and reaching a circular plaza from where you can catch a panoramic view over the stunning coastline of Nerja and the sea. For years, it was said that when King Alfonso XII visited the area after the earthquake that shook Axarquía in 1884, he gave it the name it is worldwide known by. However, there is much doubt about the truth in this story. What is true is that from that time onwards, former Paseo de la Batería, named after the array of canyons in the fortress, started to be known as Balcón de Europa. The Iglesia de El Salvador (Church of the Saviour), whose construction was ordered by Joanna the Mad in 1505, was finished in 1697, and some time later (in the eighteenth century) it was renovated. The church has three naves. The central one has a Mudéjar framework and the Nerja Nerja side naves are covered with quadrant vaults and the crossing is topped with a semi-spherical . . 216 Málaga, Sun and Culture Nerja Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 217 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU dome. The Gospel nave's Lady Chapels are decorated with eighteenth-century fresco paintings belonging to the School of Granada, and the Annunciation mural, painted by Vélez- born Francisco Hernández, stands out. The plain façade is topped with a triple bell tower. The Chapel of Nuestra Señora de las Angustias (Our Lady of Sorrows), from the first third of the eighteenth century, has a single nave and is topped with a semi-cylindrical vault. The chancel has a semi-spherical dome with paintings from the School of Granada (eighteenth century). In Maro, you'll find the Parish Churdh of Nuestra Señora de las Maravillas (Our Lady of Wonders), finished in the seventeenth century. Its single nave is covered with a wooden frame that was restored in the nineteenth century. Its exterior is very simple, but the tower, topped with a pyramidal spire and a belfry, is spectacular. El Águila Aqueduct) was built over the Maro river by Francisco Cantarero to supply water to the San Joaquín sugar refinery. It has four brick arcade storeys that make up the 37 semi-circular arches. Right in the centre, there's a shrine that reads "Pure and Immaculate Conception." Together with the Cave and Europe's Balcony, the aqueduct is one of Nerja's landmarks, and it's funny how some unaware visitors can take it for a Roman work. It does make some sense, though, since it can be glimpsed from one small stretch of the N-340 and the bricks are not noticed at first sight. Discovered in 1959 at the foothill of Sierra de Almijara, the Cave of Nerja is the most important natural cavity of the area, not only because of its dimensions, but also because of its beautiful Nerja Nerja stalactites and stalagmites and the richness of its archaeological remains. This is why it was . . 218 Málaga, Sun and Culture Nerja Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 219 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU declared National Historic-Artistic Monument. One should not forget that this district has about Cruces de Mayo (Crosses of May), celebrated in The cave has four rooms that are open to the 16 km of coast with 12 beaches (some are early May, has a long-standing tradition in Nerja. public: the Bethlehem Room, where you will find coves), ideal for sea bathing. The most popular With the passing of time, this tradition has been the ceramics and the Cro-Magnon museum; the ones are Burriana (the largest one), Playazo, changed but never lost, hence what used to be Ghosts Room, named after the ghostly shapes of Torrecilla and Calahonda. Except for the coves gallantry among young people is nowadays a the stalactite formations; the Ballet Room, where of Maro, where stalls are forbidden, all the other popular celebration based on colourful floral altars music and dance festivals are held; the beaches are fully fitted out. placed in different streets and which are the starting Cataclysm Room, called this way because point for singing, dancing and buying of traditional apparently an earthquake broke one of the If visitors want to include a curious attraction, products. Around 30 crosses are set up around. columns whose remains are scattered over the they should see Chanquete's boat, La Dorada, Some of them are so popular that it is necessary to ground. It is the Cataclysm Room where the used when shooting Verano Azul (Blue block off the streets because of the crowd. biggest column in the world stands (18 m thick Summer), a series broadcast by TVE (Spanish and 49 m high). The column is included in the Television Network). This series helped make Maro hosts a celebration honouring (St. Anthony Guinness Book of Records. the town popular throughout Spain. The boat is the Abbot on 16 and 17 January. As in days gone in Parque Verano Azul (Blue Summer Park), by, on the first day many bonfires are started to Amongst the cave paintings, the most named after the television series. invoke protection of animals against illnesses. outstanding are the roaring deer, the ibex, the On the following day, there is a Mass and later a pregnant mare and the so-called Dolphins Another spot worth visiting is the old quarter of lively traditional open-air dance. Sanctuary. The Cave of Nerja is the most Maro, whose architecture is popularly traditional. important monument in the province of Málaga in On May 15, St. Isidore's Procession takes terms of number of visitors (over 500,000 a year). FIESTAS place. It is a massive event where not only Patron saint's day in honour of St. Michael the locals go but also many foreigners who live in The Cave of Nerja Festival (late July-early Archangel and Our Lady of Sorrows, established the town. After a verdiales service at the August) is the oldest one in Costa del Sol. It in 1804, is celebrated from 8 to 12 October, Church of El Salvador (Our Saviour), where has been staged for more than 30 years, and when many people from nearby towns come to the saint is presented with vegetable products has an international scope both because of the participate in the festive atmosphere created by from Nerja, the chariots leave the Balcón de magnificent venue (the Ballet Room within the Nerja's residents. After the patrons' night Europa and head towards the Chapel of cave) and the prominent figures who procession, all kinds of activities take place, Santo en La Mina, next to the Cave of Nerja, participate in it. The Queen of Spain herself from a flamenco festival to sports competitions, where the celebration starts. There's dancing, once attended the Festival to listen to open-air dances and all sorts of concerts. singing and amazing amounts of food. Rostropovitch's recital. Other relevant figures who have participated in this festival are José The Virgen de las Maravillas (Virgin of Nerja's love of the sea is displayed on 16 July, Carreras, Montserrat Caballé, Alfredo Kraus Wonders) fair is held in Maro around 8 Virgen del Camen's Day. The celebration starts or Kiri Te Kanawa, among others. September, when the Virgin goes all over the with a great traditional moraga, and in the town streets, and neighbours do the afternoon, after Mass, the Virgin of El Carmen is There are other interesting caves in the district of deafening coheteá (fireworks), its importance taken on a boat and there she starts the journey Nerja that have been overshadowed, such as the depending on their money availability. through the waters of Nerja, escorted by several ones in Alto del Cielo (1,505 m), known as Caves Traditional music and moragas (typical meal vessels in one of which there is a display of of Civila and Sima Zárate. Other important caves and food, which consists of grilled nuts and fireworks after the sunset. Nerja Nerja are Del Muro, Sima Espartal, Sima de la Cuesta dried fruit, sardine and other type of fish) are and Cueva Pintada, where archaeological the heart of the celebration that dates back to The Sanjuaneo (Eve of St John, on June 24) is ceramic remains were found. the sixteenth century. also a celebration associated with the sea. . . 220 Málaga, Sun and Culture Nerja Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 221 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Activities include the ritual of burning júas (large rag dolls filled with sawdust), moragas, and jumping over the embers and going into the sea on the beaches of Burriana, Torrecilla and Playazo. Both in Nerja and in Maro, Holy Week is characterized by the simplicity and respect shown by the public attending the procession parades, but this doesn't mean that the cofradías (fraternities) are not popular -quite the opposite, though-, and popular devotion for them is openly voiced during the procession. Nerja's fondness for Carnival is not new, but it was in recent years that the celebration gained unprecedented relevance, surprising even those in charge of the organisation, since almost the entire town takes part. The number and variety of costumes is striking. They can be seen at the election of King Momo and the Nymphs. The Burial of Chanquete is a sympathetic and somehow irreverent funeral procession. FOOD Sea and garden products combine deliciously in Nerja's food, resulting in a rich and varied gastronomy. The great tourist wave into the town NATURE (less than 1 km ) road that leaves the N-340 has also favoured the opening of top quality The Maro-Cerro Gordo Cliffs Natural Sites begins highway 400 meters past kilometre 302. The El hotels, also making a diverse offer as far as where the foot of Sierra de Almijara drops off into Pino coves are sandy and located quite near to international cuisine is concerned. The most the Mediterranean . It was declared a Natural Site one another, being separated by some immense traditional dishes are pepper with fish and clams, by the Environmental Agency in 1989. Covering rocks. One of the largest coves is Alberquillas; it fish and pasta casserole, ajoblanco with grapes an area of 375 ha and reaching one kilometre out is joined to Molino de Papel Beach by the remains (creamy soup made with grapes, almonds, bread to sea, it is an area of great ecological of an ancient watchtower. It can be accessed by crumbs, garlic, olive oil and vinegar), ajo colorao significance, as much for the diversity of species a road that turns off at Km. 299 of the N-340. (vegetable and fish dish), Burriana grilled red as for the variety of substrates and unique pattern bream, cabbage, fried pumpkins with sardines, of ocean currents, which allow for a rich marine In the westernmost part of the park are the easily- choto or calf meat in almond sauce and, certainly, flora and fauna. accessible Maro beaches, along with La Caleta , pescaíto frito (fried fish), served in any restaurant tucked in between the cliffs and the lowlands. The on the Costa del Sol. In the area of the cliffs, there are numerous coves Department for the Environment has started an Nerja Nerja of great natural beauty including the large and oft- all-terrain transport service to facilitate access to visited Cañuelo, which is accessed by a short these coves. . . 222 Málaga, Sun and Culture Nerja Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 223 www.visitcostadelsol.com y ELMO CINEPLEX Rincón de la Victoria TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU USEFUL INFORMATION index. Rincón de laand Culture Málaga, Sun Victoria Address: Rincón de la Victoria Shopping Centre - Ctra. Totalán, s/n 29730 Rincón de la Victoria Tel.: 902 220 922 (only from Spain) (+34) 952 978 707 Fax: (+34) 952 978 693 E-mail: Rincon_Victoria@yelmocpx.com Website: www.yelmocineplex.es . CINEMAS Yelmo Cineplex Rincón de la Victoria page 225 DESCRIPTION SERVICES . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS Audience Day: Monday Number of screens: 16 Disabled access Air conditioning Bezmiliana Fortress page 226 Total audience capacity: 3,552 Parking Yelmo Cineplex Mare Nostrum Hall page 227 Bar Tiered seats Children's seats Discount to people over 65 Youth card Student card . Morning show Late show Rincón de la Victoria Numbered seats Surround sound Advance ticket sales Online ticket sales Ticket sales by phone . 224 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 225 b EZMILIANA FORTRESS Rincón de la Victoria m ARE NOSTRUM HALL Rincón de la Victoria USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Avda. Mediterráneo, s/n Address: Paseo Marítimo Blas Infante, s/n 29730 Rincón de la Victoria 29730 Rincón de la Victoria Tel.: (+34) 952 403 923 Tel.: (+34) 952 075 173 Fax: (+34) 952 408 607 E-mail: email@example.com The Bezmiliana Fortress is a The railway linking Málaga and defensive stronghold built in the eighteenth Vélez-Málaga started operating on 23 January, century. It has been restored recently and at 1908. The railway stretch, running along the Bezmiliana Fortress Mare Nostrum Hall present it runs exhibitions and organises cultural eastern coast, was 36 km long and its main activities. The building structure is quite simple, stations were Rincón de la Victoria, Torre del Mar with a square floor plan and a masonry outer wall. and Vélez, and its unstaffed stations were El The two-level building has two towers and a Palo, La Cala del Moral, Benagalbón, Chilches, defensive ditch. Benajarafe, Valle Niza, and Almayate. Sixty years later, this line was no longer operative. A "living evidence" of the railway facilities are the . . Rincón de la Victoria train station and the unstaffed stations of Torre de Benagalbón and La Rincón de la Victoria Rincón de la Victoria Cala del Moral. The latter has been refurbished as city exhibition hall -Mare Nostrum. They open new exhibitions every last Thursday each month. The renovation works in La Cala were essential to recover a token of the district's recent history which otherwise would have disappeared. . . 226 Málaga, Sun and Culture Rincón de la Victoria Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 227 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU The district of Rincón de la Victoria is Rincón de la bounded by the bed of the Totalán stream to Victoria the west and the San Millán stream to the east. In addition, the Granadillas and Benagalbón streams also run across the district, but they USEFUL INFORMATION only carry water on a seasonal basis. As it climbs from the coastal strip towards the Surface area: 27.50 km2. inlands, the terrain becomes hilly and is Population: 31,000. covered with vineyards or olive groves, Name given to the local people: Rinconeros. almond, and carob trees, making up the typical Location: The town is 12 km from Málaga City, in Axarquía's landscape. Despite the hills, the the southwestern part of the Axarquía region, on region is rather low in general, with the Salazar the Eastern Costa del Sol. It has an average Hill, its highest peak, only reaching 512 m. rainfall of 480 l/m2, and the average temperature is around 18º C. There are several built-up centres in the district, What to see: Bezmiliana Fortress, Nuestra including Benagalbón (located 5 km inland), La Señora del Carmen Church, Nuestra Señora de Cala, Torre de Benagalbón, Aguirre, Los Millares la Candelaria Church (Benagalbón), watchtowers and a few less populated ones. Nearly all of at El Cantal and Benagalbón, Cueva del Tesoro them -especially Rincón de la Victoria and La (cave), Cueva de la Victoria (cave). Cala- have undergone spectacular growth over Tourist Information: the past twenty years, mainly due to their Town Hall, Plaza Al-Andalus, 1 proximity to the capital of the province of Málaga (29730) Rincón de la Victoria and to roadway improvements. As a result, what Tel.: (+34) 952 402 300. was formerly a second home for many Málaga- Fax: (+34) 952 402 900. born people, has today become their place of permanent residence. Furthermore, Rincón de la Victoria is not just a continuation of Málaga - although it has benefited from its proximity to the capital- but has its own way of life, as well as a great deal of tourist and commercial activity. According to the information currently available, this region was one of the first in Málaga to be settled by humans. It features one of the best documented Prehistoric settlements in the Rincón de la Victoria Rincón de la Victoria Axarquía region thanks to the Cueva del Tesoro (cave). Here, Palaeolithic paintings and stone fragments were found. Just as interesting are the remains found in the nearby Cueva de la Victoria, which date from the Bronze Age. It is also known that around 550 B.C., a Punic- Phoenician town was founded near the . . 228 Málaga, Sun and Culture Rincón de la Victoria Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 229 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Benagalbón Hill and that, later, the Romans settled in the area, as evidenced by the remains of mosaics and Roman baths found nearby. The archaeological evidence corroborates Pliny's first- century description, in which he mentions a fortress built as a defence against invasions coming from the sea. It is quite possible that the Moors established the town that was later named Rincón de la Victoria around this ancient fortress, calling it Bezmiliana - probably a derivation of an earlier Roman name for the town. According to an eleventh-century description by El Idrissi, the old Bezmiliana (Bizilyana), of which virtually nothing remains today, boasted a fishing port, a medina or citadel, a mosque and a protective wall, the scanty remains of which are still visible in the area of El Castellón, on the road to Benagalbón. Some chroniclers tell us that the Moors left the area before the arrival of the Christian troops because when the latter reached Málaga on their way from Vélez-Málaga, they found the village deserted. About 120 people came to the area in late fifteenth and early sixteenth century to repopulate it; however, even before the Moorish rebellion (1569), the new residents also left the area, possibly due to the outbreak of an epidemic disease. There was also constant unrest among the area's Moorish population due to their harsh subjugation by the Christians and the endless sea invasions. annex of Benagalbón, a town that was the HOW TO GET THERE main centre of the district until 1906. By that Because of its location right on the coast, the only Rincón de la Victoria Rincón de la Victoria In 1776, construction of the Bezmiliana Fortress time, the number of residents in Rincón de la way to arrive at Rincón de la Victoria is via the began near the Bezmiliana ruins, aimed at Victoria had greatly exceeded that of Autovía del Mediterráneo (A-7, N-340), which forks defending the entire coastal zone against the Benagalbón. Even so, it wasn't until 1950 that upon entering the town, although both routes lead to English. Under the protection of the fortress, the Town Hall was officially relocated to Rincón the city centre. Take the direction Motril-Almería small communities began to spring up and they de la Victoria, a name that originates from the when coming from the Western Costa del Sol and quickly blossomed into towns whose inhabitants fact that the town is situated on land once the direction towards Málaga-Cádiz when coming devoted to fishing. Soon the region became an belonging to the Convent of La Victoria. from the Eastern Costa del Sol. . . 230 Málaga, Sun and Culture Rincón de la Victoria Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 231 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU WHAT TO SEE adjoining the Gospels nave. Nuestra Señora de The Cueva de la Victoria, not so widely known Although the town's seafaring tradition is far from la Candelaria Church, in Benagalbón, was as the Cueva del Tesoro, was discovered in lost, the old fishing houses erected helter-skelter erected in the sixteenth century but today only 1939 and, according to studies, held remarkable between the beach and the main road have the walls remain from the original structure. Its archaeological artefacts dating from the Upper become trapped -those that have been kept- interior features murals by the internationally Palaeolithic to the Bronze Age. The find, among modern buildings. In spite of this, the town renown painter from Vélez, Francisco however, was unfortunately destroyed when still maintains the unmistakable air of an Hernández. These include "The Ascension," in farmers entered in search of bat guano for use Axarquía's coastal village, having achieved a rare the central section of the church, Nativity, and as fertiliser. Visits from some "amateur" balance between the eclectic housing Jesus appearing at the temple on the sides. archaeologists and curious tourists haven't developments of recent years and the traditional helped with the conservation of the site either. popular architecture. The military watchtowers at El Cantal and Benagalbón -both quite well preserved- FIESTAS A magnificent view of the entire Málaga Bay can belonged to a defence system which, towards Rincón de la Victoria's seafaring tradition is best be enjoyed from the broad beachfront the end of the Middle Ages and beginning of the represented by the celebrations on 16 July, Virgen promenade, where the lion's share of the hotels Modern Age, protected the entire Málaga coast del Carmen Day. The image of the Virgin is taken in and restaurants are located. Near the housing against the constant sea invasions that procession from its sanctuary to the seashore in the developments that have recently spread towards threatened the area's inhabitants over the accompaniment of the most fervent outpouring of the inlands, new recreational facilities have been course of several centuries. devotion that the town people can muster. Once on established, including an eighteen-hole golf the beach, the image is placed on a boat that course in Añoreta. The Cueva del Tesoro (Treasure Cave), also carries it on its sea procession. This is a tradition known as the Higuerón or Swiss Cave, is cherished in nearly all the coastal villages in The Bezmiliana fortress, also referred to as the located on the hill of El Cantal, between Rincón Andalusia but it is of special significance here, in Bezmiliana stronghold or castle, is Rincón de de la Victoria and La Cala. The existence of the Rincón de la Victoria. The town fair also coincides la Victoria's foremost monument. It was built in cavern has been known since the seventeenth with this celebration, so dear to the hearts of the 1766 according to the plans by José de la century. Cave paintings (heads of goats), pottery townspeople. It features a flamenco singing Crane to defend this area of the Málaga coast fragments (earthen bowls and pots, spherical contest, an antique car show, the jábegas boat race when Gibraltar was taken by the English. and oval cups), stone fragments and bones (an ancient type of Mediterranean boat that has Constructed on a square floor plan with ranging in from the Palaeolithic to the Bronze kept the same structure throughout the centuries), cylindrical towers on two of its corners, its Age have all been found within the cave. evening concerts, sports competitions, parades, austere architectural lines leave no room for musical performances and fireworks, to name just a doubt as to the purpose it was built to serve - The path through the cavern, with a total few of the activities organised on these days. quite different from the one it currently fulfils surface area of approximately 3,000 m2, is since being restored in 1992. The fortress now about 500 m long. The cave is divided into The festival of Las Cruces, in May, has grown houses a prestigious exhibition hall along with four chambers: the Chamber of Noctiluca (the in popularity in recent years and, as in Rincón de la Victoria Rincón de la Victoria other areas dedicated to cultural activities. Phoenician fertility goddess), the Chamber of decades gone-by, altars adorned with the Virgin, the Chamber of Marcus Crassus (it flowers, Manila shawls, fans typical of the old The Church of Nuestra Señora del Carmen, the is said that this Roman politician, who was a days, beautiful bedspreads, flowerpots and patroness of sailors par excellence, was member of the First Triumvirate along with other valuable domestic items can again be constructed in 1892. A very simple structure -in Pompey and Julius Caesar, hid in this cave seen lining the streets of the town. Corpus keeping with the popular architectural style of the while fleeing after his father's assassination), Christi is also celebrated with a similar show time-, it consists of three naves, with a bell tower and the Chamber of the Lakes. of town decoration. . . 232 Málaga, Sun and Culture Rincón de la Victoria Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 233 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU The fair in La Cala, adjoining Rincón de la chickpeas and rice, ajoblanco (garlic and LEGENDS Victoria, takes place the first weekend of July. It almond soup), noodle casserole, and monkfish There are several legends told about the features all sorts of festive activities for young and soup, for which only the head of the fish is used. Cueva del Tesoro, and two of them have to do old alike but the jábegas boat races and the with a supposed hidden treasure that has, of impromptu flamenco performances are the IMPORTANT FIGURES course, never been found. One of these highlights. The weekend closest to 2 February Although he was born in Málaga, Manuel Laza legends is recounted in detail by Manuel Laza sees the community of Benagalbón celebrate the Palacio (1909-1988) can truly be considered a Palacio in his aforementioned book, El tesoro festivals in honour of its patroness, Virgen de la son of Rincón de la Victoria, since he devoted a de cinco reyes (The Treasure of Five Kings). In Candelaria. Verdiales (a special type of flamenco good part of his life (thirty-eight years) to study the book, he describes how five Muslim kings singing) groups form an integral part of the the Cueva del Tesoro. After the Spanish Civil buried a fabulous treasure somewhere in the festivities, giving performances over the course of War, he was jailed for having worked in the cave before fleeing the area. It is interesting to the celebrations. But the culmination of these Institute for Agrarian Reform during the Second note that in the late 1950s, while a study of the grand fiestas is the procession of the Virgin Republic. In prison he studied Classical cave was being conducted by Laza Palacio, he through the streets, where, in keeping with Philology and, once released, he worked as a found six gold dinar coins dating back to the tradition, sugared almonds and hazelnuts are teacher until he was called before the Tribunal twelfth century there. A second version thrown on the image's cape. This generates an for the Repression of Masonry. He is the author suggests that the treasure was sent from Oran uproar of the little ones, determined not to leave of Gárgoris y Habidis, a text on which Sánchez by Caliph Texufin Ben Ali, belonging to the even a single candy on the pavement as the Dragó based years later to write his book of the Almoravids, who arrived on the coast of sweets fall to the ground. same name, El tesoro de cinco reyes, and Málaga after fleeing a revolt at which he would Escritos malagueños, among other texts. surely have perished. Torre de Benagalbón centres its festive days around St. John Day (24 June), on the eve of which the júas (Judas's images) are burned and gatherings are organised on the beach. Participants jump over bonfires with the most resolute then bathing in the sea to fulfil the ritual of purification by water and fire. Flamenco performances, a Mass dedicated to the Virgen del Rocío, sports competitions, outdoor concerts in the evening and a variety of other activities round out the celebrations. FOOD The undisputed king of the table in Rincón de la Rincón de la Victoria Rincón de la Victoria Victoria is the pescaíto frito (small fried fish). This is an umbrella name that includes a variety of dishes: small sardine skewers and the famous "Vitorianos" anchovies (Victoria-style anchovies, the local accent makes the "c" disappear). In the category of "dishes you eat with a spoon," specialties include cascote soup, made with . . 234 Málaga, Sun and Culture Rincón de la Victoria Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 235 www.visitcostadelsol.com r ONDA CINEPLEX Ronda TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU USEFUL INFORMATION index. Ronda Málaga, Sun and Culture Address: C/ Lauria, 95 29400 Ronda Tel.: (+34) 952 190 918 . CINEMAS Ronda Cineplex page 237 DESCRIPTION .THEATRES Number of screens: 5 Total audience capacity: 674 Vicente Espinel Theatre page 238 Ronda Cineplex . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS Ronda House of Culture page 239 Unicaja Ronda Foundation page 240 El Choque Ideal Art Gallery . page 241 .Ronda 236 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 237 v ICENTE ESPINEL THEATRE Ronda r ONDA HOUSE OF CULTURE Ronda USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Alameda del Tajo, s/n Address: Plaza de la Merced, 2 Tel.: (+34) 952 877 821 29400 Ronda Tel.: (+34) 952 872 142 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Located in central Ronda, the theatre Located in the heart of Ronda, the Ronda House of Culture Vicente Espinel Theatre boasts modern facilities where all kinds of local House of Culture operates in a building used performances are offered all the year round. exclusively for paintings, sculptures and prints' Visitors can enjoy classical music concerts, exhibitions. contemporary music shows, theatre plays for children, avant-garde theatre plays, contemporary dance performances and flamenco shows. . . Ronda Ronda . . 238 Málaga, Sun and Culture Ronda Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 239 www.visitcostadelsol.com u NICAJA RONDA FOUNDATION Ronda e L CHOQUE IDEAL ART GALLERY Ronda USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Pedro Romero, 4 Address: Calle Espíritu Santo, 9 29400 Ronda 29400 Ronda Tel.: (+34) 952 189 300 Tel.: (+34) 952 161 918 E-mail: email@example.com Unicaja Ronda Foundation El Choque Ideal Art Gallery This space stages travelling El Choque Ideal is an innovative art exhibitions and offers other artistic events. gallery. Open since 2003, it has a coffeehouse, fashion shows, art exhibits and a recording studio. The building affords magnificent views of the Serranía de Ronda mountains and starry evenings. . . Ronda Ronda . . 240 Málaga, Sun and Culture Ronda Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 241 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Ronda If a writer like Rainer Maria Rilke, who is however, was more important than Ronda, since regarded as one of the most important and the latter boasted a mint, that is, an USEFUL INFORMATION influential modern poets because of his establishment for making coins. precise, lyrical style, describes Ronda as a Surface area: 477.50 km2. dreamland he must be right. Visitors will be Following the fall of the Roman Empire, Ronda Population: Around 36,122. able to see for themselves and then and Acinipo were invaded by Germanic tribes. Name given to the local people: Rondeños. remember it as such a marvellous place that Acinipo was even occupied by the Byzantines, Location: In the northern part of the Ronda it can only be part of their dreams. who left it in the seventh century when the region,surrounded by Sierra de las Nieves, Visigoths set foot on Ronda. Later, the Arabs Grazalema and Los Alcornocales Nature Parks. The When people get to Ronda for the first time, they named it Izna Rand Onda. It was during the Arab village is 740 m above sea level, and 113 km from must have seen a postcard depicting some of rule that the town gained political and economic Málaga City. The annual average rainfall is 650 l/m2, the town's typical monuments or spots but these relevance. and the annual average temperature is 15º C. images will fade out as soon as they face the What to see: Puente Nuevo (New Bridge), House of real places. Ronda is one of those towns that At the turn of the tenth century, the entire San Juan Bosco (Don Bosco), Church of Virgen de la can only be included in a one-of-a-kind category, mountain range, and especially the city of Paz (Our Lady of Peace), The Giant's House, and visitors can check this out when they go to Ronda, witnessed Umar ibn Hafsun's uprising Mondragón Palace, Plaza Duquesa Parcent, Major the old quarter and see its magnificent against the Caliphate of Córdoba while setting in Church of Santa María de la Encarnación (Our Lady of architecture, which reveals the town's history Bobastro (Ardales). At the dawn of the eleventh the Incarnation), Town Hall, Church of La Caridad and legend making it unique and unforgettable. century, after the fall of the Caliphate, the (Charity Church), Church of Espíritu Santo (Holy Spirit), Berbers turned Ronda into a taifa or Puerta de Almocábar (Gate), Puerta de Carlos V Ronda has a magnificent setting in a gorge of independent kingdom whose great legacy was (Archway), Bandits' Museum, Hunting Museum, Lara the Guadalevín River known as Tajo de Ronda, the transformation and development of the city. Themed Museum, Joaquín Peinado Museum, Minaret 100 m in depth and surrounded by an of San Sebastián (St Sebastian), Marqués de amphitheatre of rugged mountains, 750 m Ronda lost its independence in 1066, when it Salvatierra Palace, Palace of the Moorish King, Arco de above sea level. To the west the countryside became part of the kingdom of Seville, and was Felipe V (Archway), Sillón del Rey Moro, Puente Viejo extends up to the mountains from which the ruled for the following four-hundred years by (Old Bridge), Fountain of the Eight Spouts, Church of region takes its name. tribes from northern Africa and eventually by the Padre Jesús (Father Jesus), Shrine of Virgen de los Nasrid princes of Granada. Ronda went through Dolores (Our Lady of Sorrows), Church of Santa Cecilia, The cave paintings in the Cueva de la Pileta periods of boom and decay under Muslim rule Church of Socorro (Succour), Bullring, Gardens of Blas (Benaoján) are proof of human settlements back until it was conquered by Christian forces in Infante, Church of La Merced, Reina Victoria Hotel, in the Palaeolithic period, and Neolithic remains 1485. Mozarabic Monastery of Virgen de la Cabeza (Virgin of have been found right in the urban area. It was Muslims and Christians coexisted peacefully the Head), Arab Baths, Roman Site of Acinipo, Wine Pliny who mentioned the Roman city of Arunda, only for a short time. The Moors rebelled -the Museum, Cave of La Pileta (Pool Cave), La Algaba. inhabited by Celts, north of the present-day mountain region being particularly bellicose- and Tourist Information: Ronda, and Acinipo as founded by the Iberians. finally were expelled in 1609. As any other Town Hall, Plaza Duquesa Parcent, s/n (29400). The Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians and village in Málaga, Ronda had to face a Tel.: (+34) 952 873 240. Romans settled there for different periods of particularly bad period which lasted for years, Fax: (+34) 952 875 441. time. The Romans, who named it Laurus, built until the eighteenth century, when the city Ronda Ronda Tourist Office, Paseo San Blas Infante, s/n. the Castillo del Laurel (castle), from which they extends towards the newer quarter, called the Tel.: (+34) 952 187 119. watched the warlike Celt-Iberian tribes. Acinipo, Mercadillo, which lies on the other side of the . . 242 Málaga, Sun and Culture Ronda Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 243 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU gorge, spanned at its narrowest point by a single- arch bridge, the Puente Nuevo, from which magnificent views are obtained. The bullring was also built in this century. In 1810, the French troops, led by Joseph Bonaparte, arrived in Ronda and touched off a rebellion there. The whole region backed the guerrilla bands, an effective movement that survived even after Napoleonic troops left, in 1812. Many guerrilla men became bandits, well- known in nineteenth-century Spain and protagonists of a good number of legends and stories. With the arrival of the railroad in 1891 and the development of some roads, Ronda enters the twentieth century amidst a remarkable social and economic prosperity. In 1918, the city was seat to the Andalusian Congress, at the request of Blas Infante, who is regarded as the father of Andalusia. The assembly decided on the adoption of the Autonomous Community of Andalusia's flag and emblem. HOW TO GET THERE From the Costa del Sol there are three ways to access Ronda. From Málaga City, take the A-357 highway towards Campillos. 6 km past Ardales, take the A-367, pass by Cuevas del Becerro and you'll reach Ronda. You can also take highway AP-7 (N-340), from San Pedro Alcántara, which connects to highway A-376. Follow it to get to Ronda. This is the route most drivers follow from the Western Costa del Sol, since it's maintained in good condition. It's a scenic, winding route. Finally, also via highway AP-7 (N-340), take Ronda Ronda highway A-377 to Gaucín and exit A-369 just 3 km before Ronda. . . 244 Málaga, Sun and Culture Ronda Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 245 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU WHAT TO SEE The city occupies an extraordinary site on a rocky platform overlooking a deep ravine. The river divides Ronda into two parts connected by the eighteenth-century Puente Nuevo (new bridge), offering an impressive view of the ravine El Tajo: to the south the Ciudad, the old quarter, with its concentration of sights of interest; and to the north, the Mercadillo or old market area, nowadays extended by the modern town. There are three bridges that connect the Ciudad with the Mercadillo, and there's a third quarter, San Francisco, also to the south, whose origins date back to the sixteenth century. You can walk about Ronda departing from the Plaza de España, in the Mercadillo quarter, where the Parador Nacional de Turismo, formerly, the Town Hall, stands. Cross the Puente Nuevo, the best-known bridge in Ronda, to get to the Ciudad. The bridge was built in the eighteenth century out of the need to connect the older part of the city with the new Ronda. Although the bridge was completed in 1735 a flood of the River Guadalevín turned it down only six years later. The second project, resulting in the bridge we can cross today, was commissioned to Juan Martín de Aldehuela. Work started in 1751 and ended in 1793. Aldehuela was highly praised for his impressive project -a bridge 98 m high that fits perfectly with the steep gorge of El Tajo. The bridge floor lies on three round arches, the central one over a space that once served as a prison and currently hosts a visitor centre. On the other side, to the left, is the Convent of Ronda Ronda San Francisco, established during the Catholic Monarchs reign. It served as the Inquisition office . . 246 Málaga, Sun and Culture Ronda Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 247 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU for years. In Tenorio Street, to the right, is the During Muslim rule, the Plaza Mayor, or main house of San Juan Bosco, in modernist style, its square, was located on what is currently known gardens offering breathtaking views. In Beato as Plaza de la Duquesa de Parcent, at the Fray Diego José de Cádiz Street you'll find the highest point of the city. The main Arab buildings seventeenth-century Church of the Virgen de la rose here: the fortress, the mosque, the souk, Paz, the local patroness. Inside lay the mortal the jail... The Plaza's present-day layout is remains of Fray Diego José de Cádiz in a silver based on a nineteenth-century project which urn beneath the image of the Virgin, whose was enlarged and improved by the Duchess of chapel and late Baroque altar are worthy of note. Parcent, who asked Jean Claude Forestier to design a garden. Forestier was an engineer and The next stop on the tour is Casa del Gigante, a landscape designer who also developed the very well preserved house dating back to the Bois de Boulogne (Paris) and María Luisa Park Muslim times. Historians believe it was built in the (Seville) projects. The park boasts the statue fourteenth century, at least the plaster decorative honouring the musician and writer from Ronda work is similar to that in the Alhambra, made Vicente Espinel (1550-1624). during Muhammad V reign. In the house's interior stand out the central courtyard, the pool, the north Built between the sixteenth and eighteenth hall and the splendid decoration on the arches centuries above the town's former main mosque, that are on the way to the bedrooms. the Collegiate Church of Santa María de la Encarnación's (Our Lady of the Incarnation) interior The Palace of Mondragón, which nowadays houses is divided into quite distinct architectural styles. the Museo de Ronda y la Serranía (museum of Ronda Today, only a thirteenth-century horseshoe arch, and the mountain range), used to be a mansion in the decorated with stuccowork from the thirteenth and fourteenth century. The legend goes that it was fourteenth centuries, and a minaret remain from the inhabited by King Abomelik, son of the Sultan of Fez, original mosque. The church was started in 1508, in and later by the Nasrid ruler Hamed el Zegri. Following late Gothic style. The central nave was topped by a the Christian conquest, it was owned by Melchor de Mudéjar ceiling, replaced by a barrel vault after the Mondragón. In 1501, Ferdinand the Catholic spent earthquake that damaged the building's structure in some time in Mondragón's palace, when he travelled to 1580. The end of the temple, with seven chapels, Ronda to deal with the Moorish rebellion. Some time features Renaissance style and the choir, for later it passed on to the hands of Fernando de instance, is an example of Baroque architecture. Valenzuela, Charles II's minister. The choir stalls, made in walnut and cedarwood Successive restorations have hidden most of its in the first decades of the eighteenth century, are Arab features, but the structure still reveals an particularly noteworthy. The Virgen de los incredible harmony of lines and volumes. The Dolores (Our Lady of Sorrows) presides over an elegant curved façade has Doric and Ionic altarpiece, and was carved either by Martínez columns. The noble building is structured around Montañés or La Roldana, but the authorship Ronda Ronda three beautiful interior patios, one of them being a remains uncertain. In any case, both were Renaissance courtyard. excellent religious artists. On the exterior, the . . 248 Málaga, Sun and Culture Ronda Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 249 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Gothic façade features a sixteenth-century double balcony, and there is also a square Mudéjar tower. By the bell tower there's the Casita de la Torre, a Mudéjar oratory decorated with blind horseshoe arches. In the square of the Santa María de la Encarnación Church (Our Lady of the Incarnation), where the Laurel Castle used to be, there rises the Salesian School of Sagrado Corazón. The Laurel Castle was a fortress built by Scipio Aemilianus back in the second century B.C. The Arabs turned it into an "Alcazaba" or Arab fortress, which was later taken by the Catholics and, in the nineteenth century, by the French troops. On leaving the fortress in 1812, the French blew it up. The former Militia Headquarters -the present- day Town Hall- lies on one side of the above-mentioned square. It's a huge building whose upper floors feature open arcades. Built between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the building's interior boasts a Mudéjar coffered ceiling over the stairs and the assembly hall. There are also two religious buildings in the same square: the Caridad Church and the Santa Isabel de los Ángeles Convent, both from the sixteenth century. From the Duquesa de Parcent Square, we can take Escalona Street and then Armiñan Street, the latter connecting with Cuesta de las Imágenes, where we'll find the Espíritu Santo Church (Holy Spirit), in the place the Almohad watchtower was back in the days when the town was under Christian siege. Construction work ended in 1505. The exterior stands out for its simplicity, its fortress- Ronda Ronda like buttresses and tall walls. The church interior features a single nave combining Gothic and . . 250 Málaga, Sun and Culture Ronda Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 251 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Renaissance elements. The main chapel's Rococo altarpiece hosts a painting called "La venida del Espíritu Santo" and a "Virgen de la Antigua," showing Byzantine-like features. To the south of the church there is the Puerta de Almocábar (gate), whose name recalls the old necropolis of the area, since al-maqabir stands for cemetery in Arabic. The church was built between the end of the thirteenth century and the beginning of the fourteenth century. Its robust structure is flanked by two semicircular towers and features three horseshoe arches. To the left, there's the Puerta de Carlos V, a Renaissance gate crowned by the Habsburg royal family's coat of arms. Past these gates there's the Alameda de San Francisco, on which we find the Convent of the Nuns of the Order of St. Francis. The convent, founded in 1664, was rebuilt in the twentieth century. Walking along San Francisco Street, we reach the convent bearing the same name, which was built on the site the Catholic King established his camp. The Convent of San Francisco, completed in the sixteenth century, combines Gothic and Mudéjar features. Despite the renovations carried out after the Napoleonic The Joaquín Peinado Museum will make us turn a lintel and voissoir. On the brickwork you can invasion and the Spanish Civil War, the convent off, because it's located in the palace of the see some decorative tiles that have remained in has kept a magnificent Isabelline gate. Marquises of Moctezuma (Plaza del Gigante, place. The upper level was built later, when the s/n). There are some 200 pieces: oil paintings, tower started to be used as a bell tower. On Armiñán Street, we can go to three museums: watercolours, drawings and prints by this the Museo del Bandolero (Museum of the Bandit), Ronda-born artist within the School of Paris. To the east of the Ciudad district there's the exhibiting one of the most characteristic stories of Palace of the Marquis of Salvatierra, which nineteenth-century Ronda, which inspired so Where Armiñán and Marqués de Salvatierra was renovated in the seventeenth and many writers; the Museo de la Caza (Hunting streets meet there's the minaret of Saint eighteenth centuries. The façade boasts Museum), displaying a long-lasting tradition of the Sebastian, in a fourteenth-century mosque that Corinthian columns and a magnificent forged mountainous region; and the Museo Temático was transformed into a Christian church devoted iron balcony. In the interior, we can admire Lara, in the Condes de la Conquista palace, to the above-mentioned saint. The temple, the gardens, chapel, furniture and the curb of Ronda Ronda which displays a notable antique collection and however, no longer exists. The minaret has a a well in the yard. several works of art. square floor plan and a horseshoe arch beneath . . 252 Málaga, Sun and Culture Ronda Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 253 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU On Santo Domingo Street, adjoining the Palace Padre Jesús Church, with a beautiful Renaissance bullfight Pedro Romero and Pepe Hillo, two of Salvatierra and the Convent of Santo Domingo, bellfry. The church was built in the sixteenth century, bullfighting stars, participated. there's the Casa del Rey Moro (House of the but the interior plasterwork decoration dates from The bullfight museum, under the terrace seating, Moorish King), on whose front there's a the eighteenth century. The Convent of Madre de exhibits sumptuous costumes and various decorative tile depicting a Muslim king. The Dios, attached to the church, was built in the mementoes and photographs of generations of building dates from the eighteenth century, sixteenth century too. It features Gothic- Ronda matadors including those from the although it was renovated by the Duchess of Renaissance and Mudéjar elements. Romero and Ordóñez families. Parcent in the first decades of the twentieth century. The amazing gardens were designed by We can go up along Santa Cecilia Street and Near the Bullring are the Blas Infante Gardens, Jean Claude Forestier. we'll find the Shrine of the Virgen de los Dolores, where the Espinel Theatre, chair of the built in 1734. It's home to an altarpiece featuring Andalusian Assembly of 1918, was located A 60m-high stair carved out of the rock connects a painting that depicts the Virgin Mary. There are years ago. This green space stretches over a the gardens with the De la Mina Spring, which four paintings representing public executions, a plain 200 m above the Guadalevín Valley, flows toward the Guadalevín River. Muslims must normal practice centuries ago. offering breathtaking views of the Ronda region. have used the spring because water is scarce up The gardens reach the Alameda del Tajo, at the height Ronda is located. This Arab In Los Descalzos square, at which you arrive passing by De la Merced Church, which keeps structure was essential to the Moors at the time through Los Dolores Street, there's Santa St. Therese's incorrupt hand, included by Ronda was under siege by Christian forces. Cecilia Church, built in the seventeenth century. Francisco Franco in his reliquary. Its Baroque front, though, dates back to the When the new bridge collapsed, the old bridge's eighteenth century. Walking along Carrera de Here we find the Reina Victoria Hotel, dating access was renovated, thus becoming the main link Espinel Street we'll reach Del Socorro Church, a from 1906. Lord Farrington, a pioneer of tourism between the Ciudad and the Mercadillo district. The big Neo-Baroque structure built after the from Britain, built it. The poet Rainer Maria Rilke Puente Viejo Gate was replaced by a Neoclassical previous eighteenth-century one was destroyed. stayed in one of the guestrooms in 1911 or 1912. gate named Arco de Felipe V. By the arch there's the The room has kept the original décor, some Sillón del Rey Moro (Moorish King's Chair), offering The Real Maestranza de Caballería de Ronda, pictures and letters written by the poet, who magnificent views. the first Royal cavalry arsenal set by Phillip II to dedicated some of his writings to Ronda. train noblemen, was located first in the Plaza Across the Puente Viejo, built in 1616 and Mayor. Two centuries later, Martín de Aldehuela Some 2 kilometres from the village there's the restored in 1961, we can get to Real Street and designed the bullring and the Puente Nuevo Mozarabic monastery of Virgen de la Cabeza, a walk towards the old quarter of the Mercadillo (new bridge). The bullring Neoclassical front complex including dwellings for nuns, cells for a district, raised outside the village to avoid the high boasts two Tuscan columns and the royal coat small religious community and a church, taxes merchants had to pay within the city limits. of arms. All these elements are framed by an excavated out of the rock by Christians under Eventually, the area was the most important elegant forged-iron balcony featuring Muslim rule in the ninth and tenth century. The business zone in Ronda. bullfighting motifs. church has three naves, the main one with the altar at one end. There's an altar at the end of On Real Street there's the Fuente de los Ocho The bullring, dating from 1785 and with a another nave which has a hole beneath that Caños (eight-spout fountain), a simple stone capacity for 5,000 spectators, is one of the opens to the crypt. The third nave acts as a sacristy. structure boasting the city's emblem on one side. oldest and most beautiful arenas. It is entered Ronda Ronda Besides the eight spouts, there's a water trough on through an elegant gateway and is The Arab Baths, built at the end of the thirteenth the other side. Adjoining the fountain there rises the surrounded by fine arcades. In the opening century, and the ruins of the settlement of . . 254 Málaga, Sun and Culture Ronda Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 255 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Acinipo, a few kilometres from Ronda, are a must-visit. The Arab Baths, located in the judería or Jewish district, were built in late thirteenth or early fourteenth century. In spite of its architectural value, they were neglected because the practice of public bathing didn't fit Christian morality. In addition the floods from the Guadalevín River ended by covering the baths. When the Duchess of Parcent started some works in the area, the first remnants appeared but they were ignored until the state bought the site in 1935. The excavations made so far have uncovered three rooms topped with barrel vaults and illuminated by star-shaped lunettes that filtered light so that users could enjoy a relaxing atmosphere. Part of the heaters and water piping have been conserved. Experts consider these are one of the best-preserved Moorish baths throughout Spain. FIESTAS The ancient Roman settlement of Acinipo has The May Fair, in the second half of May, is one The Virgen de la Cabeza pilgrimage is held on been wrongly called Ronda la Vieja, as people of the oldest cattle fair in Andalusia, since the the second Sunday in June in the Mozarabic thought this was the first siting of the city of Catholic Monarchs declared it an official festivity sanctuary of the same name. The pilgrims carry Ronda itself, but then evidences proved the in 1487. On the first day, the tapas' fair is held, the image of the Virgin from the Santa María de theory was not correct. Acinipo is 21 km away and the following days there are goat milking la Encarnación church to the chapel, where from Ronda, on a plain 980 m above sea level, shows and exhibitions of different breeds of there is a grand feast with songs, dances and affording panoramic views of the region. livestock. There are events to test the fighting delicious food. According to Pliny and Ptolemy, Acinipo was part qualities of young bulls, olive oil samplings, the of Celtic Beturia, but in the Roman period it annual dog show at Llano Margarita, and the Ronda's most international fiesta is without a became one of the main cities of the Roman "Ciudad de Ronda" purebred Spanish horse doubt the Pedro Romero Fair in early administrative area known as Baetica. show followed by a dressage exhibition. September. There is an excellent Cante Festival (typical Andalusian songs) as well as the horse Only the theatre (first century B.C.) has remained The Roman pilgrimage takes place at the second dressage and folklore shows. Traditional from the old city. The cavea, carved out of the weekend in June in Puerto Sauco. This is in fact a Corridas Goyescas, fights in period costumes rock, part of the stage and the terraces have been Roman-style fiesta that the villagers attend dressed from the time of Goya are held annually. This preserved. The stage is made of granite. in costumes from that era. There is a parade and bullfight programme has achieved such renown Remains of a Roman bath, two houses and a the presentation of the goddess Ceres, followed by that every year people attend it from the world Ronda Ronda temple have been found as well. competitions, games and theatrical performances over, including celebrities who attract a swarm of such as those in ancient Acinipo. photographers. . . 256 Málaga, Sun and Culture Ronda Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 257 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Due to its rugged terrain, the region has had an tremendously spectacular scenery, and Sierra de It was Cayetano Ordóñez, "The Child from La underdeveloped road network. On the one hand las Nieves, part of whose area is within the Palma" (1904-1961), who in the twentieth century this has been a hindrance to the area's economic municipal boundaries of Ronda. founded the second dynasty of Ronda matadors. growth, while on the other it has protected Ronda Five of his sons were bullfighters, but the one who from losing its centuries-old traditions. This can The Sierra de las Nieves Park, with an area of achieved the greatest fame was Antonio Ordóñez, be seen in Ronda's Holy Week, a celebration that 19,000 hectares, contains the largest extension of who formed a kind of team of rivals with his has been held since the fifteenth century. Thus, Spanish firs (a species of fir from the Tertiary Era) in brother-in-law Luis Miguel Dominguín. For years Holy Week festivity in the district is very original all of Mediterranean Europe. In addition to this the two were the greatest bullfighting figures in and unique, although it depicts essentially the exceptional feature there is its wealth of animal life Spain, and Antonio Ordoñez' art attracted same history as those in other villages. There are with such examples as the royal eagle and the personalities of the stature of Orson Welles and numerous and colourful processions which have mountain goat. Its karst terrain is remarkable for Ernest Hemingway to Ronda. a number of images of great artistic value, all great heights and for deep chasms formed by the against the unique backdrop of Ronda's urban layout. abundant water over the space of thousands of Vicente Espinel (1550-1634) was from a very years. The GEMS should be noted among these different time and environment. He was a FOOD chasms. It is one of the biggest on the planet, and teacher, musician, priest and soldier. He is The mountainous character of Ronda can be so far has been explored to a depth of 1,100 credited with adding the fifth string to the savoured in local foods such as Ronda-style metres. Spanish guitar. In his role as a poet he created rabbit, Sierra-style gazpacho, artichoke soup, the "décima" or "Espinela", in the opinion of fried lamb, pork loin stuffed with mushrooms, or FAMOUS PEOPLE some the most perfect type of "arte menor" pork leg stews. We can also taste migas Many famous persons have made history in (short verse) poetry in the Spanish language. As rondeñas (local variety of a dish made with fried Ronda, and to just list them all would overflow a writer he is responsible for the work "Vida del bread crumbs) seasoned with local chorizo the small amount of informational space directed Escudero Marcos de Obregón" (Life of the sausage; Ronda-style partridge, Ronda-style at visitors. Some of them must not go Squire Marcos de Obregón), a picaresque novel omelette, mountain-style trout, squash soup and unmentioned, however, because of their that is considered one of the best of the Siglo de mountain-style chestnut soup. Cold cuts made in contributions on the national level. Oro (Golden Age). He includes autobiographical Ronda are widely known for their high quality. As data and numerous references to Ronda in this work. for confectionery, yemas del Tajo (a pastry made The first dynasty of Ronda bullfighters, which from egg yolks) are delicious. Products made by was to create a school of bullfighting, was The list of personages who were not born in cloistered nuns, especially by those in the Order founded by Pedro Romero (1754-1839), who Ronda but who passed through this town and of Mercy or St. Francis are also excellent. was a son and nephew of bullfighters and the left their mark here is truly endless, from the inventor of the muleta (bullfighter's red cape). ancient Pliny and Ptolemy to modern-day It is said that he was never wounded in a personalities. It was the romantic travellers, NATURE bullfight, which is extraordinary if one takes however, who made Ronda known The natural heritage of the Ronda highlands is into account that he killed more than 5,000 throughout Europe in the nineteenth century. extraordinary for the wealth and variety of its bulls. After his retirement from the ring he was Carter, Richard Ford, Merimée, Gautier, ecosystems and its impressive geological named by Fernando VII as director of the Doré, Lorca, Alberti, Hemingway and Rilke, formations. In this area there are the Nature Parks of School of Bullfighting of Seville, and since the among many others, contributed, through Los Alcornocales, known as the last jungle on the mid-twentieth century the famous Goyesque their works, to spreading and divulging the Ronda Ronda Mediterranean; Sierra de Grazalema, which records bullfights of Ronda have been celebrated in beauty, legends and myths of this city over the heaviest rainfall on the Peninsular and thus has his honour. more than half the world. . . 258 Málaga, Sun and Culture Ronda Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 259 www.visitcostadelsol.com p RÍNCIPE DE ASTURIAS AUDITORIUM Torremolinos TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU USEFUL INFORMATION iMálaga,Torremolinos ndex. Sun and Culture Address: Fairground - Plaza de España, s/n 29620 Torremolinos Tel.: (+34) 952 379 520 Fax: (+34) 952 379 518 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org . THEATRES Príncipe de Asturias Auditorium Príncipe de Asturias Auditorium page 261 This auditorium hosts national and . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS international shows and exhibitions. Some live TV shows (El Club de la Comedia or 5 hombres.com) Torremolinos House of Culture page 262 are broadcast from the site. Pablo Ruiz Picasso Cultural Centre page 263 Artgea Art Gallery page 264 Exhibition Hall at Torremolinos Town Hall page 265 . .Torremolinos 260 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 261 tORREMOLINOS HOUSE OF CULTURE Torremolinos p ABLO RUIZ PICASSO CULTURAL CENTRE Torremolinos USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ Oracio Lengo, 3 Address: C/ de la Cruz, 42 29620 Torremolinos 29620 Torremolinos Tel.: (+34) 952 370 585 Tel.: (+34) 952 053 835 Fax: (+34) 952 379 518 E-mail: email@example.com Pablo Ruiz Picasso Cultural Centre Torremolinos House of Culture The local House of Culture runs The former Railway Workers' temporary exhibitions featuring works by national Orphanage has been refurbished by the local and foreign artists. It also has a library. Town Council and is now used as a cultural centre. The edifice was built between 1933 and 1936. The Government of Andalusia declared this Modernist building as a Cultural Asset. The two-floor premises cover a surface area of 7,000 sq m. The building is home to the Culture Workshops, the Hospitality and Travel School (depending on the University of Alcalá), theatres, . . cinema screens, exhibition halls, library, and archive. It opened on 12 November 2001. Torremolinos Torremolinos . . 262 Málaga, Sun and Culture Torremolinos Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 263 www.visitcostadelsol.com a RTGEA ART GALLERY Torremolinos e XHIBITION HALL AT TORREMOLINOS Torremolinos TOWN HALL USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: C/ de las Mercedes, 28. Site 2 Address: Plaza Blas Infante, 1 29620 Torremolinos 29620 Torremolinos Tel.: (+34) 952 051 887 Tel.: (+34) 952 379 512 / 952 379 537 Fax: (+34) 952 388 782 Fax: (+34) 952 379 521 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org E-mail: email@example.com Exhibition Hall at Torremolinos Town Hall In this art gallery, visitors can see The Town Hall, located in the Blas contemporary art works, mainly paintings, Infante square, contains the offices of the public collages, and sculptures. officials of Torremolinos. In addition, it houses an Artgea Art Gallery exhibition hall. . . Torremolinos Torremolinos . . 264 Málaga, Sun and Culture Torremolinos Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 265 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU The district of Torremolinos is located Torremolinos between the Sierra de Mijas mountain range and Roman era is a small necropolis discovered while construction was taking place in the the coast, in a land of gently rolling hills that Cantabria Square. USEFUL INFORMATION slope gradually down to the sea. A former neighbourhood of Málaga City, Torremolinos has The Arabs, with their eternal reverence of water, Surface area: 20 km2. been an independent district since 1988. The did not hesitate to take advantage of the stream Population: Around 53,500. extensive green areas that descend to the foot that flowed down from the springs area to the Name given to the local people: Torremolinenses. of the mountains run right into the multi-coloured beach. They built several watermills along its Location: Torremolinos is located in the Western and labyrinthine urban sprawl of the town, giving course. Around 1300 A.D., at the height of the Costa del Sol region. Its main centre is situated the locality a rather unique appearance (it has Nasrid period, the construction of a defensive 50 m above sea level, 12 km from Málaga City four very distinct population centres: El Calvario, tower began at the end of what is now San and 5 km from Pablo Ruiz Picasso International El Bajondillo, La Carihuela, and the most Miguel St. to try and deter invasions from the Airport. Average rainfall in the area is 500 l/m2 traditional part of the town, with its maze of sea. The city's name came about as a reference and the annual average temperature is winding streets). to this tower (torre) and the mills (molinos) built there. approximately 18º C. What to see: San Miguel Street, Pimentel Tower, The first humans settled in the area around Shortly after the conquest of Málaga, Ferdinand Casa de los Navajas, Molino de Inca, 150,000 years ago. Nine Prehistoric human and Isabella granted Torremolinos's springs to Torremolinos Sports Centre, La Carihuela, skulls were found in the caves that once existed the capital city, a decision that was supported by Palacio de Congresos (Conference Hall), at Tesoro, Tejones, Encanto and Tapada, in Joanna the Mad again in 1511. As a result, the Príncipe de Asturias Auditorium. Punta de Torremolinos, in the present-day Santa watermills constructed by the Moors slowly Tourist Information: Clara Castle, which is now situated on the site, ceased to function over the course of the years Town Hall, Department for Tourism, where clay vessels, axe heads, necklaces, due to water shortage. Plaza Blas Infante, 1 (29620). bracelets, and rings were also found, together Tel.: (+34) 952 379 511. with Neolithic remains (ca. 5000 B.C.). These, The first resident of Torremolinos whose name Fax: (+34) 952 379 551. according to historian Juan Temboury, belonged appears in an official document was a man Tourist Office, to a people from Mesopotamia who settled in the named Alonso Martín. He was hired as a tower Plaza de la Independencia, s/n. area - an area where they found an excellent guard whose mission was warning the town of Tel.: (+34) 952 374 231. climate, abundance of water, game and fish, as impending sea attacks, one of which took place in well as natural shelters. 1503, as shown in a document found in the Málaga Cathedral Archives. Martín was paid 25 In Roman times, Torremolinos was very well maravedíes (old Spanish currency) a day, but, connected with Málaga and Cádiz by means of since his duty was to keep a careful watch over a road which the Romans had constructed to the coast, he was not allowed to have a dog or a unite the cities. And it was probably thanks to the fishing pole, nor was he allowed to play games. In good road system that three fish salting factories the event that he did not fulfil these requirements, were established here (mainly specialising in the he could have been sanctioned with two months production of garum, a sort of sauce derived without pay or even be dismissed. Torremolinos Torremolinos from fish that was essential in Roman cuisine), although only scanty remains of one of them The harassment of the Málaga coast by have been conserved in the area of the privateers was incessant, so in order to defend Campamento Benítez. Also dating from the the coastline of Torremolinos, Antonio Jiménez . . 266 Málaga, Sun and Culture Torremolinos Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 267 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Mesa, a Royal Army engineer, suggested that a castle or a cannon battery should be built. The project started in 1770 on the site where the Santa Clara Hotel stands today. The fortress housed quarters for cavalry and infantry, a chapel, residences and warehouses. It was equipped with a battery of six twenty-four-pound cannons with a range of approximately 6 km. The enclosure was a military base up until 1830, when it was adapted as headquarters for police officers. Years later it came into private hands and some remains of the fortress still survive today in the area known as La Batería. In 1923, two projects were implemented to route water from Torremolinos to Málaga, given the population increase in the capital of the province, which only had limited water resources at that time. This initiative brought about the conversion of the town of Torremolinos into a neighbourhood of Málaga. Sir George Langworthy, a peculiar British citizen who settled in Torremolinos at the end of the nineteenth century, bought the Castle of Santa Clara and, in 1930, turned it into a hotel- residence. It was the first tourist property not peaceful town, which arose under the WHAT TO SEE only in Torremolinos, but practically on the protection of its watchtower and with the Due to its proximity to Málaga and its having entire Costa del Sol. Shortly thereafter, Carlota help of watermills that took advantage of the been just a "suburb" of the province's capital for Alessandri turned "Cucazorra," her rural abundant water supply from its springs, is so many years, Torremolinos doesn't have many house, into the Parador de Montenar. The known all over the world and a leader in the notable old monuments, with the exception of following decade the La Roca Hotel opened its international travel industry. the Torre Pimentel (Pimentel Tower). It does, doors and, at the end of the 1940s, El Remos however, offer some of the most complete Restaurant and Ball Room in Carihuela began HOW TO GET THERE leisure services on the entire Costa del Sol, with operating. The rest is well-known history! Directly from the airport or from anywhere excellent sports and cultural opportunities, else on the Costa del Sol just follow the signs charming neighbourhoods, a wonderful Since the inauguration of the Los Nidos Hotel to Torremolinos; you can't miss it. The beachfront promenade and, of course, the Torremolinos Torremolinos and the Pez Espada (the first luxury hotel in Autovía del Mediterráneo and the old N-340, beaches, whose quality has kept the town a the area) in the 1950s, the name whose stretch across the city centre has been leader in tourism year after year. Torremolinos has been inevitably associated converted into a boulevard, are the access with tourism. Now, over fifty years later, the routes for this major tourist destination. . . 268 Málaga, Sun and Culture Torremolinos Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 269 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Before the unstoppable "tourist boom" took place been built on its grounds. The garden features at the end of the 1950s, San Miguel St. was more than 150 palm trees of fifty different already the heart of Torremolinos. What at first varieties, 300 trees of 60 different species, and glance may appear to be just another crowded 400 shrubs coming from several parts of the pedestrian zone like that of many other coastal world. Four viewpoints have been strategically towns turns out to be a street with its own unique built to allow the mill and gardens to be admired. character, a boisterous cosmopolitan atmosphere and other hard-to-define nuances that make it The Torremolinos City Sport Complex, located in really one-of-a-kind. the extended area of Torremolinos, between the city centre and Los Manantiales, offers On a stroll down this street towards the sea, you'll numerous facilities such as El Pozuelo grass find the Torre Pimentel, which people used to call football field, the Palacio San Miguel multi-sport Torre de los Molinos, Torre Molinos or Torre de centre, the Virgen del Carmen Olympic-sized Molinos. Much historical information exists about swimming pool, athletic tracks, dirt football this monument, dating back as far as 1490. Its fields, and tennis and paddle-tennis courts. It is name, the repair work done on it, the people who one of the most fully equipped sports complexes worked in it and other minutiae are painstakingly of its kind in Andalusia, and many international detailed in a number of historical documents. teams use it as a training facility, especially in Juan Temboury believes the tower was erected in winter, when the weather in their countries is so the fourteenth century; he describes it as "a inhospitable that outdoor sports cannot be rectangular prism with a base measuring 7.2 x 6.1 practised. m, a top measuring 6.63 x 5.05 m and a height of about 12 m." La Carihuela district, to the west of the town, is a paradise for lovers of the famous pescaíto frito The Casa de los Navajas (C/ Las Mercedes, s/n) (small fried fish) and without a doubt one of the is a beautiful extravagance of a Churriana Costa del Sol's most famous restaurant areas. resident who, in 1925, decided to build a mansion Despite the throngs of tourists coming to the in Neo-Mudéjar style. This architectural style district, it has been able to keep its traditional unabashedly set out to imitate the buildings charm with narrow streets, small tranquil plazas designed by the Muslims who continued to live in dotted with plants and flowers and, above all, a Spain after the Reconquest in the fourteenth to unique maritime character. The beachfront sixteenth centuries. The Neo-Mudéjar style promenade connects the area with Bajondillo became widely popular after the Iberian- and Playamar, where, just as in La Carihuela, American Exhibition, held in Seville in 1929. the beaches and the food live up to their fame. El Molino de Inca, located in the Los Manantiales The Palacio de Congresos y Exposiciones de area, is the oldest of all the watermills that once Torremolinos (Torremolinos Conference and Torremolinos Torremolinos existed in the district (in 1923 there were 19) and Exhibition Hall) is situated very close to the city the first to receive water from the mountains. The centre on a small hill that affords an excellent watermill, once used to mill grain, has now been panoramic view of the coast. It features twenty renovated, and a 40,000m2 botanical garden has two halls with a capacity for between 12 and 900 . . 270 Málaga, Sun and Culture Torremolinos Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 271 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU people. The Príncipe de Asturias Municipal The Verdiales Day, a celebration dedicated to Auditorium is one of the town's most important the native folklore of Málaga, is held near the cultural facilities. The building covers 6,500m2 San Miguel Chapel in the pine grove of Los and can accommodate 1,790 people seated and Manantiales between the beginning of March another 5,500 standing. Built for virtually any type and the beginning of April. It features of event, it often houses musical performances performances in three distinct flamenco styles: (opera and zarzuela), theatre plays, and dance Comares, Almogía and Montes. The singing and shows, and less frequently, multitudinous dancing is also complemented by a cooking banquets. demonstration. FIESTAS Clubs, associations, fraternities, and other social As a first-class tourist destination, Torremolinos groups all play a very active part in the Cruces offers a never-ending festival calendar. The first de Mayo (Crosses of May) celebration. engagement is the Retro Dance Competition, Traditional ceramic and copper pottery, fancy held at the Príncipe de Asturias Auditorium the Manila shawls, and many beautiful plants and last week of February. Couples over 50 come flowers are used to decorate the altars, always from all over Europe to participate in this unusual worthy of the praise they receive from the many competition that draws large crowds of spectators onlookers. to the auditorium every day. Tango, waltz, paso doble, salsa, rock & roll or twist are the styles of The celebration of La Noche de San Juan (The choice in this competition that also sees dances Eve of St. John), on 23 June, is a longstanding that aren't part of the official contest taking place tradition throughout the area. But the grand in other parts of the city. The competition begins festivities organised by the Hermandad de with a special parade through the main streets of Marineros de la Virgen del Carmen (Virgen del the town. Two records have been broken in this Carmen Sailors' Fraternity), and those that take parade: the largest gypsy dress and the largest place in the suburbs of San Juan and wedding dress in the world. Cantarranas enjoy the greatest degree of popularity. In keeping with the tradition, bonfires Carnival (the first two weeks of March) takes on a are lit in different places and young people By the end of September, Torremolinos special significance in Torremolinos due to the participate in the most dangerous jumps. The celebrates the pilgrimage of its Patron Saint, St large popular participation in the fiesta and procession of the Saint takes place on 24 June Michael, in the nearby pine forest of Los because of the quality of the groups participating after a Mass sung by the choir named Coro Manantiales. Based on the number of people in the competitions of chirigotas, murgas and Rociero de San Juan. who participate every year (more than 200,000), comparsas (humorous songs and popular it ranks as the second largest pilgrimage in performances), which take place in the Municipal The Carmen Fair attracts thousands of people to Andalusia, after that of El Rocío. Auditorium. There is also a costume ball and a La Carihuela in mid July, especially on the day colourful Carnival parade on the promenade in La when the image of the Virgin is placed on a boat The procession, which includes many Torremolinos Torremolinos Carihuela along with competitions to choose King to complete a maritime procession around the extravagantly adorned carriages and an even Momo, the Nymph, and the best costumes. district. The heart of the celebration is the El greater number of horseback riders, leaves from Remo Plaza, where a wide variety of music and the centre of town and heads towards Los dance performances are held. Manantiales amidst cheerful exclamations by . . 272 Málaga, Sun and Culture Torremolinos Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 273 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU tourists, who don't hesitate to ask about just what established, Nuestro Padre Jesús and María it is that they are witnessing. The pilgrims camp Santísima de los Dolores, headquartered in the next to San Miguel Chapel, which is then Parish Church of Madre del Buen Consejo. The completely overrun by the number of people fraternity sets out in a procession on Good trying to hear the Mass inside the shrine. Once Friday. the religious ceremony is over, the party begins and goes on until the sun goes down. Singing, FOOD dancing and excellent food are the key features of Pescaíto both from La Carihuela and this popular fiesta. Bajondillo-Playamar is star dish in the district. Its quality is based on the way in which the fish A few days later, the San Miguel Fair begins and, is fried. However, it has managed to cross as in other towns in Málaga, celebrations take borders and has become Torremolinos's most place in the city centre during the day and then sought-after and well-known culinary treat. In move to the fairgrounds in the evening. Here, addition to this specialty, the town offers an practically all of the clubs and associations in extremely varied selection of local and Torremolinos set up their own stand, and there international cuisine in its over 250 restaurants, are many private ones as well. Despite the with a wide variety of prices. throngs of tourists who come for the festivities, the Fair has managed to keep its undeniable LEISURE Andalusian character; even more so in recent The Aquapark water park (C/ Cuba, 10. Tel.: 902 years due to the firm decision and efforts made 114 996) is an excellent complement to the not to lose local traditions. beach for many visitors. Every water park attraction you can imagine can be found within The town also gets turned upside down on the its 70,000 m2 of recreational space, including first Thursday of September, Tourist Day. Starting everything from the 24m high "kamikaze" several years ago as way of thanking visitors who waterslide, to the pirate boat, the castle, the choose Torremolinos as their vacation spot, it water dart, or waterfalls, rapids, Jacuzzis, mini- features traditional performances, food tasting, golf and extensive gardens of trees and and the selection of the "Tourist of Honour." vegetation where a pleasant day can be enjoyed by adults and children alike. Torremolinos knows that pescaíto frito (small fried fish) is one of the town's major attractions The recently inaugurated Parque Cocodrilos (C/ when it comes to promoting tourism. This is why Cuba, 14. Tel.: 639 169 347) covers 16,000 m2 the first Thursday of October is celebrated as .It features a bamboo forest, whose specimens "Pescaíto Day," on which local restaurant owners were brought from Malaysia and Borneo, a large hand out free rations of pescaíto to residents 6,000 m2 lake with five small crocodile islands, a and tourists alike. monkey shelter, a museum, a film screen, and a Torremolinos Torremolinos viewpoint area. Visitors can see more than 300 Holy Week was not celebrated in Torremolinos different crocodiles, South American caimans until rather late, as compared to other towns in and American alligators. the province. In 1924, the first fraternity was . . 274 Málaga, Sun and Culture Torremolinos Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 275 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU index. Torrox Málaga, Sun and Culture . CULTURAL CENTRE AND EXHIBITION HALLS Torrox House of Culture page 278 Hoya Exhibition Hall page 279 .Torrox 276 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 277 tORROX HOUSE OF CULTURE Torrox h OYA EXHIBITION HALL Torrox USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Edificio el Convento - C/ Almerida, Address: Plaza de Hoya, s/n 47 29770 Torrox 29770 Torrox Tel.: (+34) 952 538 730 Tel.: (+34) 952 538 730 / 952 539 513 Fax: (+34) 952 539 513 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org The House of Culture's goal is to Hoya exhibits national painters and Torrox House of Culture foster the cultural life of Torrox through exhibitions sculptors' works. and other cultural events. Hoya Exhibition Hall . . Torrox Torrox . . 278 Málaga, Sun and Culture Torrox Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 279 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU The rugged landscape of the area seems Torrox to be in open opposition to uniformity, greeting least the eighth century. And it was in this century that the Umayyad Abd-ar-Rahman visitors with an endless succession of gullies settled in Torrox, after having landed at USEFUL INFORMATION and hills. Since it is near the sea, the terrain Almuñécar. Some time later, he was to establish doesn't reach high elevations, and Cocoja Hill an independent Caliphate in Córdoba. Surface area: 50 km2. and the Rábita de Torrox -its highest peaks, 700 Population: About 17,000. m high- are blanketed with lowland vegetation. Some historians have identified Torrox as Hisn Name given to the local people: Torroxeños. Turrus, the place where Abd-ar-Rahman III Nickname: Hocicones. The Torrox Stream, also called the Patalamara, defeated Umar Ibn Hafsun -who had become Location: Torrox is located in the southern part of De la Plata or Argentino by the local people, the leader of the rebels in the provinces to the the Axarquía region, at the foot of the Tejeda and flows southwards across the district. The south and west of the Caliphate of Córdoba- in Almijara mountain ranges. The town is 145 m stream's water is put to maximum use for 914. Then, Torrox became a jurisdiction under above sea level, 40 km from Málaga City and 20 irrigation purposes before it empties into the sea Frigiliana's domination. During the long period of km from Vélez-Málaga. Average rainfall in the at Punta de Torrox. The district boasts 9 km of Muslim rule, the village was an important region is 530 l/m2 and the average annual sandy beaches next to Torrox Costa and El Morche. producer of silk and white mulberry trees were temperature is about 19º C. grown in its fertile meadows. What to see: The Torrox Lighthouse Roman Cultivation fields dominate the countryside, Archaeological Site (Roman villa, baths, whose slopes made it necessary to set terraces The conquest of Vélez by Christian troops in necropolis, etc.), Parish Church of Nuestra so as to extend the surface area of arable land. 1487 dealt such a blow to the region that many Señora de la Encarnación (Our Lady of the These terraces have become a defining feature towns gave themselves over without resistance Incarnation), Chapel and Convent of Nuestra of the landscape in the area and are ideal for the to avoid further bloodshed. Torrox surrendered Señora de las Nieves (Our Lady of the Snows), cultivation of subtropical fruit. on 29 April, 1487, just two days after Vélez was Church of San Roque, Casa de la Moneda. recaptured by the Christians. Tourist Information: In Los Casarones, about 2 km north of the town, Town Hall, a Neolithic polished axe was found, attesting to In 1488, however, the Moorish leader El Zagal, Plaza de la Constitución, 1 (29770). the presence of human settlers in the area back recaptured the village for the Muslim cause, Tel.: (+34) 952 538 200. in that period. Later, the Carthaginians or though he only held it for a few months before it Fax: (+34) 952 538 100. Phoenicians probably settled in the area, an once again fell to the Christians. Tourist Office: assumption based on the fact that the Centro Internacional, Block 769, archaeological sites of Trayamar and When a Moorish rebellion took place in 1568, ground floor (29793). Mezquitilla, in Algarrobo Costa, are located near about half of the population was made up of Old Tel.: (+34) 952 532 155. Los Casarones, but this is only a hypothesis, Christians and the rest, of Moors, many of whom Fax: (+34) 953 530 225. since no other remains have yet been took part in the insurrection at Peñón de discovered in the district. Frigiliana. Through 1571, at least twenty two Moors who were dwelling in Torrox were tried by Without any doubt, though, there is evidence of the Tribunal of the Holy Office in Granada, and Roman presence. In the area known as Faro documents relate how members of the Quilat (Lighthouse) or Punta de Torrox, remains have family were burned at the stake, accused of been found from the ancient city of Caviclum, continuing to follow the principles of the Islamic Torrox Torrox believed to have been established in the first faith. The enthusiastic participation of the local century and to have remained active until at Moors in the uprising led to a brutal repression . . 280 Málaga, Sun and Culture Torrox Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 281 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU by the Christian rulers, followed by the Moors' abandonment of the eight Arab towns within the district: Alhandiga, Almeida, Arcos Benamayor, Cajauja, Lautín, Lugarejo and Periana (not the present-day Periana). During the eighteenth century, the town's economy was based on sugar cane production and more than eighty percent of the arable land in the region was used to growing it, and there were two sugar refineries. The ruins of the Torrox lighthouse were discovered in 1773, a time when the town had a population of about 3,000. At the dawn of the nineteenth century, in 1804, an epidemic of yellow fever decimated Torrox population. A few years later, Napoleon's troops occupied the town, and in 1812 they took their leave of Torrox by blowing up the village castle. Some decades later, however, the region saw an unexpected economic boom. Records indicate that at that time the town boasted two olive oil mills, two pottery factories, three flour mills, and a brandy distillery, as well as the sugar refinery belonging to the Larios family. HOW TO GET THERE On the Autovía del Mediterráneo (A-7, N-340), in the section between Vélez-Málaga and Nerja, the historians agree that this was the site of the city while the side vaults are oval. Rising above the exit to Torrox is clearly indicated; no further turn- of Mansio Caviclum cited in Antonine's exterior is a square tower divided into three offs are necessary. "Itinerary." It is a big settlement which was active sections, the last of which is capped with a from the first through the fourth century. A villa, a pyramidal spire. WHAT TO SEE fish salting factory, baths, an oven and a Set on a hilltop, Torrox had to adapt to the uneven necropolis have been found. In the sixteenth century, Franciscan monks terrain in an almost whimsical fashion. The founded the Chapel and Convent of Nuestra uniform whitewash of the houses is highlighted by One of the highlights within Torrox is the Church Señora de las Nieves (Our Lady of the Snows). the splashes of colour offered by their flowerpots, of Nuestra Señora de la Encarnación (Our Lady The church is laid-out in the form of a Latin cross and the hidden nooks and crannies of the old of the Incarnation), whose original building was with naves and side chapels, a presbytery, a quarter can take visitors back to the time when erected in the seventeenth century on top of an choir, and a belfry. It also features an the Moors used to live here. old mosque. The church, which underwent exceptional Mudéjar coffered ceiling. The The historical importance of the Roman reconstruction in 1889, has a floor-plan in the convent, adjoining the chapel, consists of two Torrox Torrox archaeological site at the Faro de Torrox (Torrox shape of a Latin cross composed of three naves. levels. It has a cloister, an interior courtyard and Lighthouse) makes it a must see. Several The main chapel is covered by a barrel vault, stables. The cloister rooms were used in the . . 282 Málaga, Sun and Culture Torrox Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 283 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU nineteenth century as storage space for fruit, and later served as barracks for the Civil Guard, a function they held until the 1970s. The Church of San Roque, not presently used for religious celebrations, was built in Neomudéjar style on top of a building originally constructed in the sixteenth century. It consists of a single nave with the main chapel topped by a semicircular vault. Its brick exterior, painted in a rather inappropriate red, features an graceful belfry. The town houses other interesting historic buildings, such as the Palacio de la Aduana (Customs Hall), also known as Casa de la Moneda. Situated on Baja St., it dates from the eighteenth century and later it was converted into a private residence. The nineteenth-century palace that today houses the Cultural Centre (Casa de la Hoya) lodged Alfonso XII when he came to the town in 1885. FIESTAS The October Fair (from 4 to 8 October) kicks off with a parade by the students at the Municipal Academy of Music, who are followed by a procession of cabezudos (a kind of Carnival figures with a large head) and giants. In the evening, the lights are turned on at the fairgrounds. The public can enjoy musical performances and participate in sports activities, but the emotional highlight of the celebrations occurs when the images of the town's patrons, Nuestra Señora de las Nieves and San Roque, are carried from the Parish Church to the Saint's Chapel, a journey that takes place to the accompaniment of a prolonged fireworks display. El Morche celebrates its big day, on 15 August, as Torrox Torrox a tribute to Virgen del Carmen. The celebration was moved back from 16 July to August because . . 284 Málaga, Sun and Culture Torrox Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 285 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU more visitors are likely to come. Fishing contests, FOOD musical performances and, of course, a sea Migas are, of course, the town's most popular and procession of the Virgin are all part of the festivities. traditional dish, whose list of ingredients is surprisingly short and simple: flour, garlic, olive oil, As to the Carnival celebration, it has become quite pork scratchings, bacon, and know-how on the popular in the town, and today is one of the festivals part of the cook! Despite the simplicity of the that draw the highest numbers of participants. The recipe, the resulting dish is exquisite and is often amusing and fiercely-contested street musician and accompanied by an equally famous salad made parade competitions are followed with great interest with codfish, olives, chives, orange and olive oil. by the local people, who also take part in the street The star dish at Christmastime is the traditional parades. Christmas vegetable soup, while garlic and bread In May, the "Cruces" (Crosses) are celebrated. soups and pumpkin stews are popular throughout The crosses here are adorned with flowerpots the year. In summer, gazpacho and ajoblanco and not just flowers, a peculiarity of this (both are chilled vegetable soups) are commonly festival in Torrox. An amazing variety of eaten, and in coastal areas fish brochettes are decorations are placed on the main stepped very popular. With respect to sweets, special altar, though the most impressive are the mention must be made of the arropia, a candy embroidered shawls and lace doilies. The whose recipe was passed down by the Arabs, altars are normally placed in the courtyards made with honey. Hornazos (rolls) on St John's and the festivities, during which traditional Day, and roscos (rolls), at Christmastime, round food is served, are organised around them. out the typical Torrox pastries menu. St. John's Eve (23 June) is of special significance in Torrox. The traditional burning of the júas, the IMPORTANT FIGURES bonfire jumping, and a series of other rituals all Al-Mansur or Almanzor, whose full name was come together with water playing a central role. Muhammad ibn Abu 'Amir al-Mansur, was born in The rituals are almost always aimed at Torrox in 939, according to some historians, right in discovering whether amorous relationships will the town castle. Serving as Regent of Seville and have a happy ending or not. Chief of the Armies, he conquered Zamora and León and on, 3 July, 997, Santiago de Compostela On the Sunday before Christmas Day, Torrox is -a city in which he showed respect only for the tomb literally invaded by thousands of out-of-town visitors of the apostle, to which he assigned a special who come to celebrate the Migas Day (migas is a guard. Using captive Christians to transport them, typical dish made with breadcrumbs), without a he sent the bells of the cathedral and the gates of doubt the town's most outstanding celebration. the city to Córdoba, where they were placed in the Parades, folk music, fandangos and other traditional mosque as trophies. This would all prove to be a performances serve as a backdrop to the frantic work in vain, as, years later, Ferdinand III, the Saint, activity that takes place when the people of the town returned the objects to their rightful owner, start preparing their famous specialty: migas. Migas Santiago, and he used captive Muslims to transport are then eaten with true delight by the thousands in them! According to some chroniclers, Almanzor Torrox Torrox attendance at this grand festival, in which the locals became overly proud and he was defeated by show their kind hospitality. Christian troops in the Battle of Calatañazor in 998. He died in Medinaceli in 1002. . . 286 Málaga, Sun and Culture Torrox Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 287 www.visitcostadelsol.com c INESUR EL INGENIO M Vélez-Málaga TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU USEFUL INFORMATION iMálaga,Vélez-Málaga ndex. M Sun and Culture Address: Avda. Juan Carlos I, s/n 29700 Vélez Málaga Tel.: 902 504 150 (only from Spain) (+34) 952 540 571 Website: www.cinesur.com . CINEMAS Cinesur El Ingenio page 289 . THEATRES DESCRIPTION SERVICES Del Carmen Theatre Cinesur El Ingenio Number of screens: 12 Audience Day: Wednesday . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS page 290 Total audience capacity: 2,600 Discount to people over 65 Advance ticket sales Beniel Palace (María Zambrano Foundation Headquarters Morning show and Department of Culture) page 291 Late show Numbered seats Exhibition Hall - Exile Study Centre page 292 Student card Exhibition Hall - Unicaja page 293 Youth card . Tiered seats Venue hire Ticket sales by phone Online ticket sales Vélez-Málaga Air conditioning Disabled access Parking M Buffet . 288 Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 289 d EL CARMEN THEATRE Vélez-Málaga M b ENIEL PALACE (MARÍA ZAMBRANO M Vélez-Málaga FOUNDATION HEADQUARTERS AND DEPARTMENT OF CULTURE) USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Plaza del Carmen, s/n USEFUL INFORMATION Tel.: (+34) 952 507 106 Address: Plaza Palacio, 1 29700 Vélez Málaga Tel.: (+34) 952 500 244 Fax: (+34) 952 549 036 E-mail: email@example.com Department of Culture Tel.: (+34) 952 507 401 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org The theatre building dates from the The Beniel Palace is the most fifteenth century. Formerly, it was a convent and important civil edifice in Vélez-Málaga. Its beauty Del Carmen Theatre church, whose coffered ceiling was kept after the and magnificence have had an impact on the renovation of 1995. There is a multi-purpose hall local architecture over the years. It was built in that presents exhibitions and organises different early seventeenth century by Don Alonso de Beniel Palace kinds of cultural events (theatre plays, dance, Molina y Medrano, an influential figure during the ballet, classical music shows). Its total audience reign of Philip II. In the nineteenth century and capacity is 330. nearly all throughout the twentieth century, the building housed the courts and the town hall. At The exhibition hall adjoins the theatre. present, it is home to the María Zambrano Foundation's headquarters. . . Vélez-Málaga Vélez-Málaga M M . . 290 Málaga, Sun and Culture Vélez-Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 291 www.visitcostadelsol.com e XHIBITION HALL - EXILE STUDY CENTRE Vélez-Málaga M e XHIBITION HALL - UNICAJA M Vélez-Málaga USEFUL INFORMATION USEFUL INFORMATION Address: Palacio de Beniel - Plaza Palacio, 1 Address: C/ Las Tiendas, 49 29700 Vélez-Málaga 29700 Vélez-Málaga Tel.: (+34) 952 507 401 Tel.: (+34) 952 138 615 E-mail: email@example.com Fax: (+34) 952 138 667 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Exhibition Hall - Exile Study Centre The space is used as an exhibition The exhibition hall, in the historic Exhibition Hall - Unicaja hall and auditorium today, but in the future it will district of Vélez-Málaga, opens from Monday to host the Exile Study Centre. Adjoining the María Friday from 6:00 to 9:00 p.m. (closed on public Zambrano Foundation premises, it will be the first holidays). This is one among the many exhibition of its kind in Spain. It will carry out research, halls framed within Unicaja's social work surveys, and other related activities. It will feature programme, and a fundamental tool to bring two libraries, one of them containing publications culture close to the residents of and visitors to the about exile, and an archive that will have province. documents, collections of letters or other elements that can be used by researchers on this subject. . . Vélez-Málaga Vélez-Málaga M M . . 292 Málaga, Sun and Culture Vélez-Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 293 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU Vélez-Málaga is the largest and most M Vélez-Málaga populated district of the Axarquía region. The trading activity of the enclave at Toscanos. A population of about 1,500 has been estimated, River Vélez -formed by the Benamargosa and quite large for that period. Some historians USEFUL INFORMATION Guaro watersheds- makes up most of its land believe that this settlement could have been the area. These watercourses irrigate an extensive, ancient city of Mainake, founded by the Greeks. Surface area: 156 km2. fertile lowland though, on the whole, the region Population: Over 60,000. displays the typical more arid landscape Remains of smelting furnaces and metal shavings Name given to the local people: Veleños. features of the Axarquía region, with much of its have been found in the nearby Peñón hill, Location: Vélez-Málaga is the capital of the terrain situated at moderate elevations (the confirming the existence of industrial activity in the Axarquía region. The town is 60 m above sea highest point is Veas, on the eastern slope, 703 area. A little further to the north, at the Alarcón hill, a level and about 28 km from Málaga City. The m above sea level). Due to its large size (it rectangular building has been discovered that might average rainfall is 470 l/m2, and the average covers one-seventh of the region of Axarquía) very well have been a fortress, while at Cerro del annual temperature is approximately 18º C. and to the fact that it contains the most fertile Mar, more than 30 graves dating from the seventh What to see: Real Convento de Santiago or San lands in the region, the district of Vélez-Málaga century B.C. have also been excavated. In addition, Francisco (Royal Convent of St James or St includes several populated areas, including the Jardin Necropolis, with more than 100 tombs Francis), Palacio de Beniel (Beniel Palace), Casa Torre del Mar (the most highly developed and dating from the sixth to the fourth centuries B.C. is de Cervantes (House of Cervantes), Nuestra popular with tourists), Benajarafe, Triana, located just to the north of Toscanos. Señora de los Remedios (Our Lady of Good Trapiche, Almayate (Bajo and Alto), Cajiz and Remedy) Chapel, Cruz del Arrabal (El Arrabal Chilches, among others. There are also At Cerro del Mar -the ancient maritime city of Cross), San Sebastián Chapel, Church of San numerous holiday apartment buildings on the Maenoba, located opposite Toscanos- research Juan Bautista (St John the Baptist), the old coast and scattered farmhouses in the interior. has confirmed the existence of an industrial fish granary, Fountain of Ferdinand VI, Virgen de la In fact, the city of Vélez-Málaga only makes up salting factory which was used predominately for Piedad (Our Lady of Mercy) Chapel, Nuestra half of the district's total population. the production of garum, a kind of sauce Señora de Gracia Monastery; Monastery of originally introduced by the Phoenicians that Jesus, Mary and Joseph, medieval walls, Puerta This chief district of the Axarquía region -a name enjoyed great popularity among the Romans. Real de la Villa (Royal Gate), Santa María de la derived from the Arabian word as-Sarqiyya Encarnación (Our Lady of the Incarnation) meaning Orient or the eastern side)- has a long Yet, the city of Vélez-Málaga proper wasn't Church, Fortress (Alcazaba), San Juan de Dios and eventful history that begins with the first founded until the tenth century A.D., when the or San Marcos Hospital, Cruz del Cordero (Cross Phoenician settlements on the Toscanos hill -on Muslims settled around the fortress. Later, the of the Lamb). the right bank of the River Vélez- around the town spread quickly over La Villa district, the Tourist Information: eighth century B.C. In ancient times, the mouth heart of the old Arab medina. Between the Town Hall, of the River Vélez formed an inlet between the eighth and fifteenth centuries, this medina was Plaza de las Carmelitas, s/n (29700). Peñón and the Mar hills, which served as an one of the most important in the Nasrid Tel.: (+34) 952 559 100. anchoring spot for ships. From there, Kingdom. It was not a very big city but it was Fax: (+34) 952 504 616. transportation via the Boquete de Zafarraya into very well fortified and defended by a solid set of Tourist Office: the interior of the Axarquía region was relatively easy. walls. As the number of inhabitants increased, Vélez-Málaga Vélez-Málaga Avenida de Andalusia (Torre del Mar). the walls were no longer able to accommodate Tel.: (+34) 952 451 104. At the foot of the Toscanos hill, right next to the the entire population and some neighbourhoods M former inlet (nowadays covered by mud), a were set up on the outskirts, on what today are M storehouse was found containing Phoenician, the district of Arroyo de San Sebastián and the Greek and Etruscan pottery, an evidence of the San Francisco and Constitución Plazas. . . 294 Málaga, Sun and Culture Vélez-Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 295 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU There is evidence that several rural settlements - construction of civil and religious buildings. Their The eighteenth century was especially positive whose inhabitants engaged in farming activities- plan was hindered by the uneven terrain, so the for the city, which grew in almost every aspect: existed in the area as early as the thirteenth effects of the urban renovation were only seen in churches and public buildings were constructed century, including those at Almayate, a few public spaces (Plaza de la Constitución or repaired, city infrastructure was improved and Benamocarra, Benajarafe, Iznate and Cajiz, to and the San Francisco district), some mansions access ways were embellished. The ideas of the name just a few. These would eventually go on to belonging to noblemen, and some churches and Enlightenment even began to arrive, mainly become the towns bearing the same name. The convents. This is why the sixteenth century brought by the Sociedad Económica de Amigos importance of Vélez-Málaga between the twelfth would be remembered for the construction of del País (Economic Society of Friends of the and sixteenth centuries is reflected in the accounts new religious buildings. Country), established in 1783. by El Idrisi, Abulfida, Ibn Batuta and Abd al-Basit, an Egyptian historian who, in the middle of the A similar urban planning policy was followed in The following century began with a bad omen fifteenth century, made reference to the trading the seventeenth century, and more churches though: a bubonic plague outbreak in 1804 activity at the port of Mariyya Ballis (Torre del Mar). and convents were erected. So much so, that decimated the population (it claimed the lives of some have called Vélez-Málaga "the City of more than fifty percent of the town's inhabitants). Vélez-Málaga's fate changed when Ferdinand the Convents." This phenomenon wasn't exclusive The town council also suffered the consequences Catholic left Córdoba in April 1487, heading towards to Vélez-Málaga though; it was also witnessed of the epidemic and a military man had to take the Axarquía to recapture its capital city. Many by many Andalusian towns, and the largest the local government into his hands. Following townspeople and nobles joined his entourage along public plazas came to serve as celebration the invasion of Napoleon's forces, a government the way and, by the time he was approaching Vélez- areas for important religious manifestations like sympathetic to the French principles came to Málaga, he had an army of about 50,000 men on foot Holy Week or Corpus Christi. power, which divided the population into the two and 12,000 on horseback, according to the accounts sides that would fight over the government of the of Hernando del Pulgar, who chronicled the Meanwhile, the port of Torre del Mar enjoyed town throughout the nineteenth century. Several Conquest of Granada. Meanwhile, the fortress at such a trading boom that its expansion was epidemics of cholera followed, the phylloxera Bentomiz, practically the only place from which proposed in the eighteenth century to improve infection destroyed the vineyards, and an Vélez-Málaga could expect any help, surrendered to grape and citrus exports to the north of Europe. earthquake in 1884 capped off a disastrous the Christian troops. In spite of El Zagal's attempts, During the War of the Spanish Succession, century. The only positive factor was the setting out from Granada to aid the town, Vélez- Vélez-Málaga supported the Bourbon dynasty expansion of sugar cane cultivation fields Málaga had no other option but to give up. and the naval battle, called by some the Battle of fostered by the Larios family. Málaga, and by others, the Battle of Vélez- Eventually, on 26 April, 1487, the city's last Málaga, took place just off the coast of the city. HOW TO GET THERE Muslim Mayor, Abul Cacim Venegas, sent an This historic event took place on 23 August, The Autovía del Mediterráneo (A-7, N-340) must envoy to agree to the conditions of surrender, and 1704, when the French-Spanish fleet, which lost be taken in the direction of Málaga when on the following day, Vélez-Málaga capitulated. 1,500 men in the battle, confronted the Anglo- travelling from Nerja or Torrox, or in the direction The Muslims were even forced to prepare the city Dutch fleet, which lost 3,000. A total of 146 of Motril-Almería from anywhere else on the for the arrival of Ferdinand and Isabella, which ships, 3,577 cannons and more than 46,000 Costa del Sol. The old N-340 highway passes took place on 3 May. men took part in the fighting. Historians tend to through the centre of Torre del Mar and from Vélez-Málaga Vélez-Málaga believe the outcome of the battle didn't really there, on to Vélez-Málaga, a 4km stretch that is The town's new governors wanted to make Vélez- favour either side, although some studies very well signposted. The signs for the Vélez- M Málaga distinct from what it had looked like under suggest it was favourable to the French-Spanish Málaga highway exit off the Autovía del M Muslim rule. With this aim in mind, they began an coalition to some extent. Mediterráneo are also very clear. architectural renovation that included a new arrangement of public spaces and the . . 296 Málaga, Sun and Culture Vélez-Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 297 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU WHAT TO SEE work was completed. His nephews inherited the Returning to the House of Cervantes once It is advisable to begin with a tour of the city's building and, after being used for a variety of again, you can then go down Cilla St., which monuments. The old quarter was declared a different purposes, the Town Hall, for instance, for leads to the Cruz del Arrabal (El Arrabal Cross), Historic-Artistic Site in 1970. The area around the years now it has been home to the María Zambrano a votive chapel dedicated to the Holy Cross and San Francisco Plaza, which features a maze of Foundation. The building's architecture is a commemorating Ferdinand the Catholic's streets and alleyways inherited from the Arabs, hotchpotch of Mudéjar and Mannerist styles with entrance into the city on 3 May, 1487. It is a makes a good starting point. This district is also some Renaissance elements. Its interior is laid out small shrine, about 8 m tall, whose front opens where the first examples of Vélez civil architecture around an elegant patio with arches resting atop in a round arch. The interior, crowned by a stand, although the building around which this Tuscan columns, while the exterior features a cupola, contains only a cross. quarter was shaped is the Real Convento de marble façade with the Molina Medrano family Santiago (Royal Convent of St James). coats of arms, cast iron balconies, and an upper From Cruz del Arrabal, Arroyo San Sebastián St. gallery that originally featured two towers. leads to the Chapel of San Sebastián, In 1498, the Real Convento de Santiago, established in 1487 by Ferdinand and Isabella sometimes called "Convento de San Francisco," From San Francisco Plaza, walking along San as a tribute to the royal stableman, Sebastián was established in a mosque that Ferdinand and Francisco St., you will arrive at the House of Fernández. The story goes that the man saved Isabella consecrated as a Parish Church. During Cervantes, a traditional mansion with a lintel Ferdinand's life in a battle against the Muslims the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, it above its entranceway and an inner courtyard while the King attempted to capture the city. underwent such thorough refurbishing that featuring a gallery of triple pointed semicircular Whether the story is true or not, the Vélez- nowadays the coffered ceilings in the cupola of arches on top of brick columns. Tradition holds Málaga emblem portrays the scene, with the the main chapel are the only remains of the that Miguel de Cervantes stayed in this house in main character in the story appearing on the original Mudéjar church. 1591 when he came to Vélez-Málaga as a tax ground while the King is defending him from collector. Fray Alonso de Santo Tomás, who is atop his horse. All that remains of the chapel's Actually, the building we can see today has believed to be an illegitimate child of Philip IV original structure is a pointed arch set on top of resulted from renovations made in the and who later was Bishop of Málaga, was born massive pillars in what was once the main eighteenth century. The highlight of the interior in this house in the seventeenth century. chapel. From the Cruz del Arrabal or from the is the Buen Pastor Chapel, currently occupied House of Cervantes, you can head to the Plaza by the Cofradía de la Caridad (Fraternity of On the south-western side of the Beniel Palace de la Constitución, known as the Plaza de San Charity). The chapel is actually like a small the Plaza de la Gloria opens up, from which the Juan, where the Church of San Juan Bautista church within the main one, since it has a nave, San Cristóbal hill can be accessed. The Chapel of (St John the Baptist) lies. The Church of San a choir, a presbytery and a cupola. It is the Virgen de los Remedios (Our Lady of Good Juan Bautista was founded by the Catholic extravagantly adorned with Baroque elements Remedy), the local patroness, nestles on the hill, Monarchs and subsequently enlarged in 1499 including garlands and fruits, mirrors, paintings which affords beautiful views of the countryside. and in 1564. It features a basilica plan, and golden plasterwork. Only one of the The chapel was built in the middle of the consisting of three naves with transepts; original two cloisters remains, noteworthy for seventeenth century and was renovated later. Its however, only its imposing bell tower and part of its arcades and Mudéjar pillars. floor-plan is laid out in the shape of a Latin cross the exterior still remain from the first Gothic- and its has barrel vaulted naves. The chapel of Mudéjar construction. The church underwent a Vélez-Málaga Vélez-Málaga The Beniel Palace is located quite close to the the Virgin -whose floor is square and whose walls thorough renovation in 1853, which resulted in Franciscan convent. It is without a doubt the town's and ceiling are richly ornamented with Rococo much of the intricate coffered ceiling being M most outstanding civil building. Its construction was work- houses murals depicting, among others, covered with false vaults and the Gothic arches M ordered in the early seventeenth century by Don Philip V and Marie-Louise of Savoy. transformed into round ones. The church's Alonso de Molina y Medrano, who died before the dimensions are truly monumental and, although . . 298 Málaga, Sun and Culture Vélez-Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 299 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU some of its chapels are Baroque, its overall structure is quite classical. The paintings by the Vélez-born painter Francisco Hernández are valuable works of art. Located near the Church of San Juan is the building known as the pósito, an old structure where they used to store grain, mainly wheat. The pósito was erected in the middle of the eighteenth century, and consists of two stories: the upper one was used as a granary and the lower one, as a marketplace. Attached columns divide the façade into several sections. After a period in which it wasn't used, the building was converted into several houses by walling over the arches. At present, it is unoccupied and awaiting renovation. The tour continues along De las Tiendas St., where the perimeter of the old city walls can be observed. All that remains of them now are a few fortified towers. Further ahead is the Fuente de Fernando VI (Ferdinand VI Fountain), which was formerly located in the Plaza de San Juan. It's a marble fountain with four spouts of water spilling from the faces of mythological animals. The fountain bears an legend that reads: "Reinando la católica magestad del señor don Fernando el Sexto…1758." ("Reigning is his Catholic Majesty the lord Don Ferdinand the Sixth… 1758."). But in the middle of the eighteenth century, the was founded in 1503 in a building that obviously there is one curious detail that throws doubts on chapel is framed by a huge round arch, flanked was not big enough, since the religious the fountain's date -one of the coats of arms by Corinthian pilasters that support a curved community later moved to its present building in belongs to Philip II. This, along with its classical pediment. The façade is surrounded by a gallery, 1555. The new premises were renovated after structure and certain decorative elements, points which appears to have been used in religious the Lisbon earthquake in 1755, and the to the fact that it was designed in the sixteenth processions. The building is crowned by a small Andalusia earthquake in 1884, which seriously century rather than in the eighteenth century, cupola, and the images of Nuestro Padre Jesús damaged the building. during which the above mentioned inscription El Rico (Father Jesus the Rich) and Nuestra Vélez-Málaga Vélez-Málaga might have been added. Señora de la Piedad (Our Lady of Mercy) have The cloister and the church are the most been added recently. From De las Tiendas St., interesting from an artistic perspective. The M Continuing down De las Tiendas St., you end up you can take De las Monjas St., which leads to former, dating from the sixteenth century, was M at the small plaza where you'll find the Chapel of the Convent of Nuestra Señora de Gracia (Our built on a square floor, surrounded by a two-level the Virgen de la Piedad (Our Lady of Mercy). Built Lady of Grace), better known as Las Clarisas. It gallery with round arches resting atop a series of . . 300 Málaga, Sun and Culture Vélez-Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 301 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU columns. It is, however, off-limits to visitors, as its length. They had four gates, of which only one it played an even more important role. After residents belong to a cloistered religious order. has survived: the Puerta Real de la Villa (Royal being conquered by the Catholic Monarchs, The church, erected during the second half of the Gate of the Town). It was given this name after the fortress was used successively as the eighteenth century, is Baroque and, despite a Ferdinand and Isabella entered Vélez-Málaga Royal House, military headquarters, prison simple architectural layout, its walls are adorned through it in 1487. It consists of a rectangular and the Town Hall. with a profusion of different decorative elements. brick tower accessed through round arches. After zigzagging north through this quarter - In the eighteenth century, the building was Moving on to Plaza de las Carmelitas, you'll see which was the former town centre- you'll find the unoccupied, remaining so until the time of the the Convent of Jesús, María y José, also called Church of Santa María de la Encarnación (Our French invasion, when the Napoleonic troops the Convent of the Carmelites since the nuns Lady of the Incarnation). used and left it in very bad condition. At the living there belong to the Order of Our Lady of Mt. beginning of the twentieth century, the Carmel. The convent building comprises two Also known as Santa María la Mayor (St Mary Fortress, by then virtually neglected, served parts: the church and the convent proper. In its the Great), the Church of Santa María de la as a kind of quarry to supply materials for interior are two different courtyards: the Patio de Encarnación was built on top of an old mosque other buildings until the 1960s, when the las Flores (patio of the flowers) and the Patio between the end of the fifteenth century and Town Council initiated a timid attempt at Principal (main patio). The church was built the beginning of the sixteenth century. The renovation, reconstructing the Torre del between 1738 and 1745 and its façade is church boasts three naves separated by Homenaje (Keep) and some stretches of wall. Mannerist, despite the fact that this style had rectangular pillars that support round arches. Still awaiting a deep renovation project, the fallen out of use in the early seventeenth century. The naves are covered with Mudéjar-style Fortress currently offers a pseudo-romantic coffering. The Renaissance altarpiece of the vision of its glorious past, in ruins, and of The interior is very simple, consisting of a single main altar is the most outstanding feature of course, the best views in the city. nave with a niche at its front, where the image of the church's interior and the Cristo de los the Virgen del Carmen sits. It is also here in the Vigías (Holy Christ of Lookouts) is found here. Granada St. leads down to the San Juan de Dios niche where the decorative elements become The square tower is detached from the church Hospital, also known as San Marcos. It was more intricate and extravagant, in typical Baroque the same way as minarets were built separate founded by Ferdinand and Isabella and ceded to style. Other highlights are the frescoes from the from mosques. A gallery of columns and the Order of St John of God in the seventeenth eighteenth-century School of Granada. The horseshoe arches -affording magnificent century. The church has two naves; one of them convent also houses a very odd relic: a small panoramic views of the city- can be accessed features a vault and a small eighteenth-century wooden skull carved by Saint John of The Cross. from the nave of the Epistle. chapel. Despite having been restored on numerous occasions, the beautiful brick Mudéjar Returning again to the Plaza de la Constitución, Near this church, at the town's highest point courtyard still survives with its low gallery of you can continue past the Puerta Real de la Villa (137 m) stands the Fortress or Alcazaba, now round arches. The building presently serves as a and arrive at the neighbourhood that bears the surrounded by the Villa and Arroyo San residence for the elderly. same name. From here, you can walk by the Sebastián neighbourhoods. Archaeological medieval walls. Only a few sections of the walls evidence confirms that construction of the Leaving the old hospital, the tour can be still remain, not all of which feature their original fortress began in the tenth century. However, continued along Tenerías and Cruz del Cordero Vélez-Málaga Vélez-Málaga building materials because different restorations it was only in the thirteenth century that it Streets -the old road to Granada that leads have been done to prevent their being lost started to take on considerable significance towards the Cruz del Cordero (Cross of the M completely. The walls, which originally (it is mentioned in the treaty signed by the Lamb) Chapel, a commemorative shrine like that M surrounded the whole Moorish medina, were Nasrid King Al Hamar and Ferdinand III), and, Cruz del Arrabal. It is a very simple brick equipped with towers, evenly spaced along their during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, building, which houses a plain wooden cross. . . 302 Málaga, Sun and Culture Vélez-Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 303 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU FIESTAS Vélez-Málaga's Royal Fair of San Miguel (St Michael), which takes place around 29 September, has its origins -like many others of its kind- in a livestock fair started to be held back in 1842. By 1915, the festivity had become an evening outdoor festival and, today, it is one of the Axarquía region's most important celebrations. By day, the fair takes place in the streets of the historic centre and features performances by flamenco and choir groups, sports competitions, food tasting and practically every other fun activity one might expect from a fiesta like this. The Axarquía Food and Drink Fair (Agroalimar) is held at the same time. It was inaugurated in 2004 with the backing of the Agriculture and Fisheries Ministry of the Government of Andalusia. The Día de la Cruz (Cross Day, on 3 May) attaches a special significance to the neighbourhood of Pilar. Residents decorate the streets with altars and crosses, and organise a popular evening festival near the Cruz del Cordero, which is always very lively. Around 15 May, the pilgrimage of the Virgen de los Remedios (Our Lady of Good Remedy) takes place. It begins with a Mass offered in the Cerro Chapel and then proceeds to an olive grove on the Camino de Torrox, where pilgrims and carriages gather. The pilgrimage is becoming increasingly crowded every year as pilgrims' communities from other villages have begun participating in the celebration. On the day of the pilgrimage, food and drinks are handed out and Vélez-Málaga Vélez-Málaga there are dressage shows. M On 16 July, the city organises the Veladilla del M Carmen, which has become Vélez-Málaga's premiere summer fair. It features an international . . 304 Málaga, Sun and Culture Vélez-Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 305 www.visitcostadelsol.com TOURIST BOARD & CONVENTION BUREAU chess tournament as well as flamenco and Highlights include the Virgen del Carmen dedicated exclusively to seafood. In any of contemporary music shows. The third Sunday of procession, which takes place both through the coastal towns, it's very common to find recipes October sees the image of the town's patroness, town's streets and in the waters along its beach. based on ingredients from the upcountry and, the Crowned Virgin of Good Remedy, carried in a The festivities are rounded out with modern and similarly, inland towns normally serve excellent procession from the Cerro Chapel to the Church traditional music performances in the stands fish. The most traditional local recipes here of San Juan, where it remains until the second lining the fairground, a variety of competitions include berzas (green beans, potatoes, chick- Sunday of November. Then, a procession takes and the celebration of the Day Fair on the peas, eggplant, pumpkin and meat), ajoblanco the image again to its shrine. beachfront promenade. (garlic and almond soup), ajobacalao (garlic and codfish) and ajoporro (leek), as well as soups Carnival has always been one of the city's most Not only the residents of Vélez-Málaga, but also such as maimones (made with egg and Spanish popular celebrations, as attested to in the agreement many from all over the Axarquía region and ham), gazpacho (chilled vegetable soup) and issued by the local assembly on 4 February, 1877. elsewhere come to participate in the Holy Week chambao (chopped tomato, peppers, onion and The document refers to the celebration as "the celebrations in Vélez, considered as one of the cucumber with a dash of olive oil). The popular custom of the masks," and warns that "the best in Andalusia. The city's time-honoured mostachones (sweet buns) and oil cakes are the authorities will keep watch to ensure no abuses are religious tradition, marked by the construction of speciality pastries. The district of Vélez-Málaga committed." Nowadays, competitions of street numerous convents and churches since the end is also one of the great tropical fruit producers in musicians and costume groups take place at the of the fifteenth century, naturally led to the Spain, and mangos, custard apples, papayas, Teatro del Carmen (Del Carmen Theatre). creation of some outdoor rituals best exemplified and avocados are all very good. by the Holy Week. The district of Vélez-Málaga has many villages, and IMPORTANT FIGURES each one offers a different festival. In Cajiz and Fraternities (called cofradías in Spanish) Among the many important people born in Vélez Triana, the Day of St Joseph of Nazareth is established long ago and others created later go Málaga, the most well-known internationally is Maria celebrated on 19 March. There's a Mass and a on parade over a few days that the city devotes Zambrano (1904-1991), considered as Spain's procession of the Saint, and finally different shows almost exclusively for its processions. The greatest philosopher and thinker of the last decades. A are offered. popular fervour unleashed with the passing of follower of Ortega y Gasset, Maria Zambrano became some cofradías is so contagious that even the a relevant scholar early in her career, but was forced to The big day in Torre del Mar is St John's Eve (23 June). most sceptical of onlookers often end up abandon her University position because she had to Júas (Judas' figures) competitions, popular nighttime participating with authentic enthusiasm. It live in exile during the Civil War. parties and performances are held here around this wouldn't be fair to highlight any individual date, which sees residents carrying out the ritual of cofradía because all of them, with their In Spain, she used to meet some of the most washing their faces with sea water or going under nine ornamental magnificence and their many important poets of the time, including Jorge Guillén, waves, following in the tradition. On the second devotees, contribute to making Holy Week in Emilio Prados, and Miguel Hernández. Once in Sunday of June, this populous urban centre of Vélez- Vélez-Málaga an unforgettable experience. exile she used to visit Albert Camus, in Paris, and Málaga celebrates the pilgrimage of the Virgen del Octavio Paz and León Felipe, in Mexico. Among Carmen. Pilgrims follow the route of Las Viñas where, FOOD her most important works are Pensamiento y after the Mass, there is a series of traditional Since the district boasts coastal and inland filosofía en la vida española (Thought and Vélez-Málaga Vélez-Málaga performances topped off with an evening festival. areas, it naturally offers a wide range of dishes. Philosophy in Spanish Life), Filosofía y poesía In the coastal villages, the most traditional (Philosophy and Poetry), El hombre y lo divino M On the Days of Santiago and Santa Ana (St speciality is, of course, pescaíto frito (small fried (Man and the Divine), Los sueños y el tiempo M James and St Anne, 25 and 26 July), Torre del fish) in all its varieties. This doesn't mean that (Dreams and Time) and Persona y democracia Mar celebrates its five-day summer fair. the cooking traditions along the coast are (Person and Democracy). . . 306 Málaga, Sun and Culture Vélez-Málaga Index Málaga, Sun and Culture 307 www.visitcostadelsol.com She returned to Spain in 1984, and was awarded the Príncipe de Asturias Prize and the Cervantes Prize, among others. Her legacy is kept in the María Zambrano Foundation, whose headquarters are located in the Palacio del Marqués de Beniel, in her hometown. LEGENDS There are several legends about the city's foundation. One of them tells that the original village was located at the mouth of the River Vélez as was, in fact, the case. It then explains why the city was moved inland: on 31 July, 365, a huge earthquake followed by gigantic tidal waves destroyed the city. Before setting about with the enormous task of rebuilding the town, its residents decided to move the village to a safer location, namely the hillock on which the Fortress was later constructed. Another legend has it that St Peter the apostle was the founder of the town's old chapel, Santa Maria -which served as the Episcopal headquarters between the first and third centuries (during the heyday of Roman rule). The story goes that St Epeteno, a disciple of St Peter's, was tormented on Los Remedios hill, where the patroness's chapel currently stands. The patroness herself also have her own story: a shepherd found the image of the Virgin on the hill, but he thought the image was only a doll so he decided to take it home for his daughter. On his way home, he lost the doll, but found it again several days later in the same place where he had first seen it. Several times the man tried to take the doll Vélez-Málaga home and the same thing always happened: the doll reappeared once and again in the same place. M The shepherd finally decided that something supernatural was going on and construction of the chapel soon began in the place that the image so determinedly refused to leave. . 308 Málaga, Sun and Culture Index Vélez-Málaga www.visitcostadelsol.com
"Untitled - Costa del Sol Tourist Board"