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Untitled - Costa del Sol Tourist Board

VIEWS: 55 PAGES: 155

									                                                                                                                 TOURIST BOARD &
                                                                                                                CONVENTION BUREAU

                                                                                       Málaga, Sun and Culture
                                                                                                     . ÁLORA               page 5
                                                                                                  . ANTEQUERA              page 14
                                                                                               . ARCHIDONA                 page 32
                                                                                             . BENALMÁDENA                 page 43
                                                                                           . COÍN                          page 56
                                                                                         . ESTEPONA                        page 71
                                                                                        . FRIGILIANA                       page 83
                                                                                       . FUENGIROLA                        page 94
                                                                                       . MÁLAGA                            page 110
                                                                                       . MARBELLA                          page 164
                                                                                       . MIJAS                             page 190
                                                                                        . MONTEJAQUE                       page 204
                                                                                         . NERJA                           page 210
                                                                                          . RINCÓN DE LA VICTORIA          page 224
      Graphic design: Conmunica Mediatrader        COSTA DEL SOL TOURIST BOARD              . RONDA                        page 236
     Editing: IT Department at the Tourist Board   Plaza del Siglo, 2
                    and Conmunica Mediatrader      29015 Malaga                                . TORREMOLINOS              page 260
                                                   Telephone: (+34) 952 12 62 72
                                                   E-mail:             . TORROX                  page 277
                                                                                                    . VÉLEZ MÁLAGA         page 288

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                                       TOURIST BOARD &
                                      CONVENTION BUREAU

                   index. Álora
            Málaga, Sun and Culture

            .   CULTURAL CENTRES
          Álora House of Culture                    page 6

      . THEATRES
    Cervantes Theatre                               page 7

4               Index          Málaga, Sun and Culture        5
                         á    LORA HOUSE OF CULTURE                                                                     Álora       c   ERVANTES THEATRE                                                                    Álora

                                                                                  USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                     USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                  Address: Avda. Cervantes, s/n                                                                          Address: C/ Carmona, s/n
                                                                                  29500 Álora                                                                                            29200 Álora
                                                                                  Tel.: (+34) 952 496 660                                                                                Tel.: (+34) 952 496 660 (Casa de la Cultura)

                                      The building has three floors. The                                                                        Open since April 2005, the theatre is
Álora House of Culture

                         Hogar del Pensionista (Pensioner's Home), the                                                              located in a modern building, and is fit to offer
                         TV and the rehabilitation rooms are located on                                                             different types of shows: theatre plays, ballet
                         the ground floor. The Tomás García Municipal                                                               performances, classical music concerts, talks,

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Cervantes Theatre
                         Library, the Municipal Archive, and the                                                                    and more. It is part of the cultural programmes of
                         auditorium, on the first floor. On the third floor are                                                     the Government of Andalusia. The theatre
                         the local departments for Culture and Tourism,                                                             capacity is 404.
                         Fiestas and Youth, two exhibition rooms that
                         shows artworks coming from the provincial
                         government, workshops, art groups and paintings
                         participating in the Álora Painting Competition,

                         which enjoys high prestige in Spain. The House
                         of Culture was established in 1986, and its
                         construction was funded by Tomás García.


   6                     Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                                  Álora                        Index                 Málaga, Sun and Culture                   7
                                                                                                                                                                                   TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                      CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                The district of Álora combines all the
                                                                        Álora              features that appear throughout the province. It's
                                                                                                                                                  the fortress located on the Cerro Las Torres
                                                                                                                                                  mount, whose defensive structures are the
                                                                                           located in the heart of Málaga, where the most         typical constructions of the Visigoths.
                                                                                           diverse landscapes come together, ranging from
                                  USEFUL INFORMATION                                       such impressive high mountains as the Sierra de        The Muslim invasion was quite peaceful, since
                                                                                           Huma (1,191 m) to the lowlands on the banks of         local people were allowed to keep their religion
                                                                                           the River Guadalhorce, and the imposing                and customs in exchange for paying the taxes
                                  Surface area: 103 km2.                                   Desfiladero de los Gaitanes gorge, which is            collected by the invaders. The most significant
                                  Population: About 15,000.                                without a doubt one of the most striking               events of this era were closely linked to the
                                  Name given to the local people: Aloreños or              geographical features to be found in Spain.            rebellion of Umar ibn Hafsun, whose stronghold,
                                  Perotes.                                                                                                        Bobastro, is very close to Álora.
                                  Location: In the northeast of the Guadalhorce            In keeping with this diversity, there is
                                  Valley, 40 km from Málaga City and 78 km from            considerable variability among crops and forests       The Christians besieged the city on numerous
                                  Ronda. The village is some 200 m above sea               within the district boundaries, so that while in the   occasions. Spanish Kings Alfonso XI, John II
                                  level. Average annual rainfall is 580 l/m2, and          Guadalhorce Valley, citrus and fruit trees             and Henry IV successively attempted to take
                                  the average temperature is 16.6 º C.                     abound, olive and almond groves and brush              Álora so as to leave clear the road towards
                                  What to see: Castle, Church of La Encarnación            lands are typical of the area of the Mountains of      Málaga, but it was not until 10 June 1484 that
                                  (Incarnation), Convent of La Virgen de las Flores,       Málaga, while pines and the occasional remnant         the Catholic Monarchs' troops finally took the
                                  Chapel of Veracruz, Desfiladero de los Gaitanes gorge.   of old holm oak groves cover the lands closest to      town after a nine-day battle.
                                  Tourist Information:                                     the adjoining region of Antequera.
                                  Rafael Lería Municipal Museum.                                                                                  Throughout the sixteenth century, the village
                                  Plaza Baja de la Despedía, s/n (29500).                  Human settlement in this region dates back to          experienced a notable economic boom, and
                                  Tel.: (+34) 952 495 577.                                 prehistory, judging from traces found at Hoyo del      Álora definitely separated from the district of
                                  Town Hall.                                               Conde, and the passage of Turdetan's people            Málaga in the following century, as states an
                                  Plaza de Fuente Arriba, 15 (29500).                      and Phoenicians has been proved. The latter,           accord signed by Philip IV in 1628.
                                  Tel.: (+34) 952 496 100.                                 the most notable traders and sailors of the
                                  Fax: (+34) 952 497 000.                                  ancient world, left their mark in Álora, especially    HOW TO GET THERE
                                                                                           on the Iberian native peoples, who founded a           Take expressway A-357 from Málaga City and
                                                                                           village named Iluro, in Cerro de las Torres.           then the A-343. You will go past Pizarra and
                                                                                                                                                  arrive at Álora 6 kilometres farther along.
                                                                                           The district achieved great splendour under
                                                                                           Roman rule, and some remnants have made it             WHAT TO SEE
                                                                                           possible to reconstruct the history of that period,    The Álora castle was an Iberian and Roman
                                                                                           such as the “miliario” (milestone) on which the        citadel, and was modified through the centuries.
                                                                                           phrase "Municipium Iluritanum" can be read, and        It was strategically built on one of the hills on
                                                                                           dated 79 A.D. We can claim, thus, that Álora was       whose slopes the village houses huddle. Two
                                                                                           a Roman settlement ruled by Roman law in the           towers and a pointed horseshoe arch have
                                                                                           times of Domitian.                                     remained. The cemetery is inside the premises.

                                                                                           The Vandals took over Iluro in the fifth century.      The Parish Church of Nuestra Señora de la
                                                                                           Ruins from this period have been preserved at          Concepción (Our Lady of the Immaculate

8       Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                           Álora                         Index                     Málaga, Sun and Culture                                  9
                                                                                                                                                               TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                              CONVENTION BUREAU
                                  Conception) is the third largest church in the
                                  province of Málaga. Construction began on it in           The Rafael Lería Museum is in the site known as
                                  1600 and the work was completed a century later,          Escuela de Cristo or School of Christ, adjoining
                                  in 1699. It consists of three naves separated by          the Parish Church of Nuestra Señora de la
                                  sturdy Tuscan columns. In the Gospel side (left) is       Encarnación (Our Lady of the Incarnation). It's a
                                  a small chapel from the eighteenth century that           Mudéjar building from the sixteenth century,
                                  houses the Virgin of the Rosary. A figure of St.          maybe the chapel of the San Sebastián
                                  Francis of Assisi by Málaga-born sculptor Adrián          Hospital, which no longer exists. Some time
                                  Risueño stands out in the church's art collection.        later, the site was the headquarters of the Order
                                  The exterior is very austere, with its three-level        of the School of Christ. The museum has
                                  tower with dressed pillars.                               archaeological and historic objects showing
                                                                                            visitors boards and videos on the history of
                                  The Convent of Nuestra Señora de las Flores is            Álora, from its foundation to the present day.
                                  about 2 kilometres from the village. It was built in
                                  the seventeenth century and underwent different           FIESTAS
                                  renovation stages in the eighteenth century. A            Holy Week in Álora ranks as the most popular
                                  seventeenth-century polychrome wooden carving             festivity not just among locals but also among
                                  of St. Francis of Assisi and an image of the Virgin       many visitors who flock to the village to witness
                                  of the Flowers, the patroness of Álora, are the two       the ceremony known as La Despedía (Farewell),
                                  most interesting objects contained in this simple         which has been designated a Fiesta of Tourist
                                  church, which is also notable for its main chapel,        Interest in Andalusia and in the province.
                                  a Baroque work that is representative of the
                                  plasterwork typical of Málaga.                            On Maundy Thursday, two of this village's most
                                                                                            distinguished cofradías or fraternities, Jesús
                                  The most remarkable thing about the Veracruz              Nazareno and La Dolorosa, perform a moving
                                  Chapel is its graceful belfry. Apart from that, it is a   encounter in the town square. The images
                                  simple sixteenth-century structure, with a                carried by the two groups greet each other from
                                  strangely irregular floor plan, which has lost its        their magnificent thrones, whose bearers must
                                  original aspect due to the modifications that were        carry out the complicated manoeuvre of bowing
                                  carried out on it in the late nineteenth and early        them, as in a greeting, and seeing that
                                  twentieth centuries.                                      everything turns out as the villagers expect. The
                                                                                            music and the acclamations from the crowd add
                                  The old quarter of the village might be considered        a festive note to the celebration.
                                  as a monument as well. It has developed down
                                  the slopes of the hill on which the castle stands.        The patron saint fiestas in honour of St Paulinus
                                  The name of the Molino del Bachiller mill derives         are held in early June with various popular
                                  from the name of its first owner, Bachiller Gonzalo       activities and a livestock fair. The local fair takes
                                  Pérez de Mayorgas, a relevant figure in Álora in          place in early August with a programme for all
                                  the sixteenth century, when the oil mill was set up.      tastes, but the contest for sopa perota, a local

                                  A century later it passed down to the chaplaincies        soup, will attract the visitors' attention. Another
                                  until the Mendizábal confiscation took place.             very popular fiesta is the pilgrimage to the

10      Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                            Álora                          Index     Málaga, Sun and Culture                   11
                                                                                                                                                                             TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                  CONVENTION BUREAU
                                  Nuestra Señora de las Flores convent, on the first       unique among the many original sights offered      is awe-inspiring, and on several occasions has
                                  Sunday after 8 September.                                by the province of Málaga. After leaving the       been used for shooting films on location.
                                                                                           area of the reservoirs that supply water to part
                                  Flamenco tradition has very deep roots in Álora,         of the province, the River Guadalhorce flows       Caminito del Rey (meaning "King's Little Road,"
                                  so a Cante Grande Festival (focusing on                  for 3 kilometres through a narrow canyon that      so called after Alfonso XIII and his visit to the
                                  traditional flamenco singing) is staged in July to       in some places is no more than 10 metres           Conde de Guadalhorce reservoir in 1921), a
                                  promote and encourage the emergence of local             wide. This would be only natural if the walls of   narrow wood and iron bridge suspended 100 m
                                  artists. It should be noted that flamenco students       this gorge, which are almost completely            high affords a view of this unique geographical
                                  consider Álora to be the birthplace of the cante         upright, did not rise several hundred metres       feature. Currently, it is being restored and is
                                  por malagueña (traditional song).                        high. This natural wonder is as surprising as it   therefore closed to the public.

                                  To some extent the fame gained by sopa perota
                                  has overshadowed the variety of foods in this
                                  region, based on the excellent products of its
                                  fertile farmlands. The recipe for making sopa
                                  perota seems simple at first sight, since its
                                  ingredients are fried tomato sauce mixed with
                                  water and pieces of bread. Usually, it is eaten with
                                  whatever fruits are in season (grapes, prickly
                                  pears, oranges and even cucumbers and raw
                                  onions). The difficult part is achieving the right
                                  proportion and the distinctive taste of this dish.

                                  Salmorejo (a chilled soup containing vinegar,
                                  olive oil and pepper), migas (a dish made from
                                  fried bread crumbs), gachas (flour and
                                  seasonings), majillo de espárragos (a chilled
                                  soup with asparagus) and such pastries as
                                  empanadillas de polvo de batata (sweet potato
                                  pies) and roscos de puerta de horno (a kind of
                                  donut), along with pork products, complete the
                                  traditional foods of Álora. We must not forget the
                                  bolos, a kind of scrambled egg dish prepared with
                                  leftovers from the sopa perota, a little olive oil and

                                  The natural area of Desfiladero de los

                                  Gaitanes gorge, which extends through the
                                  lands of Álora, Ardales and Antequera is

12      Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                         Álora                       Index                   Málaga, Sun and Culture                               13
                                             TOURIST BOARD &
                                            CONVENTION BUREAU

                           index. Antequera
                    Málaga, Sun and Culture

                . CINEMAS
             Cinemasur La Verónica                     page 16

         .  THEATRES
       Pedro Espinosa Institute                        page 17
      El Torcal Municipal Theatre                      page 18

     Antequera House of Culture                        page 19
     Casaborne Art Gallery                             page 20
     Antequera Unicaja Exhibition Hall                 page 21

14                    Index          Málaga, Sun and Culture     15
                      c  INESUR LA VERÓNICA                                             Antequera           p    EDRO ESPINOSA INSTITUTE                                                      Antequera

                                                          USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                       USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                          Address: La Verónica Shopping Centre                                                                     Address: C/ General Ríos
                                                          Ctra. de Sevilla, A-343, Km. 6.5                                                                         Tel.: (+34) 952 841 088
                                                          Tel.: (+34) 952 706 030 / 902 504 150 (only
                                                          from Spain)

                      DESCRIPTION                      SERVICES
                                                       Air conditioning
                                                                                                                        The Pedro Espinosa Theatre

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Pedro Espinosa Institute
                                                                                                            operates in a site built in 1963. It has been
                      Number of screens: 8             Disabled access
Cinesur La Verónica

                                                                                                            renovated recently, the facilities having been
                      Total audience capacity: 1,270   Parking
                                                                                                            improved and the stage, enlarged. It features 380
                                                                                                            seats, patio and amphitheatre. All types of cultural
                                                       Cyber cafe
                                                                                                            events are held in the institute -film shows,
                                                       Advance ticket sales
                                                                                                            theatre plays, conferences, concerts…
                                                       Morning show
                                                       Numbered seats
                                                       Late show
                                                       Childcare area

                                                       Audience Day
                                                       Student card
                                                       Youth card
                                                       Discount to people over 65
                                                       Venue hire
                                                       Audience Day: Wednesday

                                                       Tiered seats
                                                       Ticket sales by phone
                                                       Online sales

   16                 Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                         Antequera                         Index               Málaga, Sun and Culture       17
                              e   L TORCAL MUNICIPAL THEATRE                                                     Antequera        a    NTEQUERA HOUSE OF CULTURE                                                     Antequera

                                                                                  USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                    USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                  Address: C/ Ramón y Cajal, 8                                                                          Address: C/ Carreteros, 10
                                                                                  Tel.: (+34) 952 841 196                                                                               29200 Antequera
                                                                                                                                                                                        Tel.: (+34) 952 704 052
El Torcal Municipal Theatre

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Antequera House of Culture
                                          The theatre was built between 1933                                                                  The Culture Municipal Foundation is
                              and 1934 by architect Antonio Sánchez Esteve in                                                     working in a remarkable building in central
                              the Art Deco style, which can be observed in the                                                    Antequera. It plans hundreds of leisure activities
                              architectural design as well as in the interior                                                     and cultural events: exhibitions, concerts, theatre
                              décor, which features sleek geometric lines,                                                        seasons, workshops for children and
                              unvaried repetition, symmetry, lateral projecting                                                   adolescents, cinema seasons, and more.
                              bodies, and parallel horizontal trims.
                                                                                                                                  The Antequera House of Culture offers ballet,
                                                                                                                                  musical and theatrical performances.



    18                        Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                       Antequera                        Index              Málaga, Sun and Culture          19
                        c   ASABORNE ART GALLERY                                                          Antequera           a    NTEQUERA UNICAJA EXHIBITION HALL                                              Antequera

                                                                            USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                        USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                            Address: Callejón de la Gloria, 1                                                                         Address: C/ Ramón y Cajal, 2
                                                                            29200 Antequera                                                                                           29200 Antequera
                                                                            Tel.: (+34) 952 846 380                                                                                   Tel.: (+34) 952 138 615 (Francisco Cañada)
                                                                            Fax: (+34) 952 706 203

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Antequera Unicaja Exhibition Hall
                                   This is a cultural space that makes                                                                   The exhibition hall is located in the
                        known the works of contemporary artists and all                                                       busiest area in town. It promotes young artists,
Casaborne Art Gallery

                        kinds of objects art can produce. Casaborne is                                                        mainly from Antequera.
                        proud to be a forum gathering different opinions,
                        and offering music, books, videos, photos,                                                            It is the oldest exhibition hall in Antequera. It was
                        painters, musicians and passers by.                                                                   the former studio where Cristóbal Toral used to

                                                                                                                              Open Mon - Fri, from 7:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.



   20                   Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                          Antequera                         Index               Málaga, Sun and Culture             21
                                                                                                                                                                                        TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                           CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                    The very first thing your eye beholds as you
                                                             Antequera                        start down your way towards the Antequera
                                                                                                                                                      the eighth century. Many traces of the Roman
                                                                                                                                                      era have remained both in Antequera proper and
                                                                                              plains on the N-331 (A-45) expressway is a              in the nearby towns of Arastepi and Singilia
                                      USEFUL INFORMATION                                      broad meadowland like an immense tapestry of            Barba, among the most important of Roman Málaga.
                                      Surface area: 810 km2.                                  different shades of green or ochre, depending on
                                      Population: About 43,000.                               the season. To the right, the evocative Peña de         Bathhouses, villas, sculptures, ceramics,
                                      Name given to the local people: Antequeranos            los Enamorados (Lovers' Rock) with its legend           mosaics, and column shafts and capitals from
                                      Location: The town of Antequera is located in           of a doomed romance; straight ahead, gentle             the Roman period have been turning up
                                      the centre of the region that bears its name, in        hills hem in the meadows, and to the left, below        throughout the district. They are evidences of
                                      the north of the Málaga province, about 45 km           the crest of the El Torcal, Christian towers and        Antequera's ancient splendour.
                                      from Málaga City. It is 577 m above sea level,          Arab walls rise from the brilliantly white town.
                                      and its average annual rainfall barely exceeds                                                                  The Arabs extended and strengthened the town,
                                      550 l/m2, while the average temperature is              Were it not so big, the landscape could be taken        building the Alcazaba fort and surrounding the
                                      approximately 15.3º C.                                  as gigantic trompe l'oeil made by an ingenious          Medina with a wall. Antequera became a
                                      What to see: Renaissance fountain, Collegiate           artist. However, this dazzlingly panoramic initial      strategic site after the capture of Seville and
                                      Church of San Sebastián, Convent of La                  view does not fully reveal the treasure made up         Jaén by the Christians who, led by Infante Don
                                      Encarnación (Incarnation), City Museum at the           of the monumental sites of Antequera, where             Fernando, finally seized Antequera in 1410.
                                      Nájera Palace, Convent of San José, Convent             every corner reverberates with a thousand-year-
                                      Museum of the Discalced Carmelite Order, Palace of      old Mediterranean culture forged by all the             After being granted many prerogatives by the
                                      the Marquises of the Peña de los Enamorados,            western civilisations.                                  King, Antequera entered an upward trend
                                      Convent of La Victoria, Convent of Santa Eufemia,                                                               period, finding its peak in the second half of the
                                      Church of Santiago (St James), Convent of Belén         The first settlers in this region left significant      sixteenth century and remaining a wealthy
                                      (Bethlehem), Puerta de Granada (Granada Gate),          archaeological remnants : the dolmens of Viera,         district until the eighteenth century. During this
                                      dolmens at Menga and Viera, Convent of San Zoilo,       Menga and Romeral, gigantic burial structures           long period, the town was enriched with an
                                      Church of El Carmen, Royal Collegiate Church of         erected in the Bronze Age. Although there is no         extraordinary artistic heritage -churches and
                                      Santa María la Mayor (Greater St Mary), Arco de los     abundant information on the issue, it has been          convents, and outstanding secular monuments-
                                      Gigantes (Arch of Giants), Alcazaba (fortress), Torre   claimed that the region has been populated              that has remained magnificent in Antequera's
                                      del Homenaje (Homage Tower), Puerta de Málaga           even since prehistoric times, principally because       historic old quarter.
                                      (Málaga Gate), Portico and Gallery of the Virgen del    it's located in the centre of Andalusia -the natural
                                      Socorro (Our Lady of Succour), Church of Santa          crossroads between upper and lower Andalusia,           An epidemic of yellow fever and the Napoleonic
                                      María de Jesús (St Mary of Jesus), Church of San        making it possible for Iberians, people from            invasion decimated the local population at the
                                      Juan Bautista (St John the Baptist), Palace of the      Tartessos, Phoenicians and Carthaginians to             beginning of the nineteenth century. With the
                                      Marquises of Escalonías, Church of Santo Domingo,       pass through and settle here. Traces of the             passage of time, a thriving textile industry was
                                      Bullring, City Bullfighting Museum, Convent of San      latter, in fact, have been found at Cerro León,         born, and with it, a solid bourgeoisie that gave
                                      Agustín (St Augustine), Town Hall, among others.        the apparent battlefield in which Hasdrubal's           new life to the local economy and society. This
                                      Tourist Information:                                    Carthaginians and the Roman legions clash took place.   powerful industrial sector was to succumb in
                                      Pza. de San Sebastián, 7 (29200).                                                                               the twentieth century and it was not until many
                                      Tel.: (+34) 952 702 505.                                It is to the Romans that the city owes its present-     decades later that the town, linked by a good

                                      Fax: (+34) 952 702 505.                                 day name, which derives from Antikaria, also            transport network with the rest of
                                      E-mail:                   used by the Arabs, who under the command of             Andalusia, again entered a period of clear
                                      Website:                              Abdelaziz Ben Muza, conquered Antequera in              economic expansion.

 22         Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                      Antequera                          Index                     Málaga, Sun and Culture                              23
                                                                                                                                                               TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                              CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                               the school of Antequera, religious sculptures,
                                      HOW TO GET THERE                                         gold and silver pieces and an exquisite
                                      The quickest way from Málaga to Antequera is by          collection of works by the local painter Cristóbal
                                      the N-331 (A-45) expressway. Once you arrive at          Toral are also shown in the museum galleries.
                                      the Antequera lowlands, take the A-354, and after
                                      2 kilometres, you will enter the urban area.             Along Nájera Street and up Cuesta de las
                                                                                               Barbacanas, you reach the Plaza de las
                                      WHAT TO SEE                                              Descalzas, named after the nuns from Convento
                                      There is no way you can fully appreciate the             de San José, widely known as "the Discalced
                                      artistic and monumental wealth that Antequera            Nuns' Convent." It has an impressive Baroque
                                      offers in a single day, but the town does have the       front, and currently houses the Convent
                                      advantage of having all its sites together in the        Museum of the Discalced Nuns, where
                                      historic town centre, thus making long trips             noteworthy paintings can be admired. From
                                      unnecessary. You can begin the tour at any point         here, you take Madre Carmen del Niño Jesús
                                      selected at random, since all the attractions will       Street. The Mudéjar-Renaissance façade of the
                                      appear one after the other before your eyes. It is       Palace of the Marquises of the Peña de los
                                      advisable, though, to plan your itinerary                Enamorados is immediately ahead, featuring
                                      beforehand.                                              two watchtowers. Roaming slightly ahead, you
                                                                                               can see the La Victoria Convent, which has a
                                      San Sebastián Square is a must-visit on any tour         beautiful eighteenth-century church with a
                                      of Antequera. It's a small space featuring a             central floor plan following the Roman model,
                                      Renaissance fountain designed by Pedro                   which can also be seen in the church of Santa
                                      Machuca in 1545. The Collegiate Church of San            Eufemia Convent, on Belén Street. To reach this
                                      Sebastián, with its plateresque entrance by Diego        convent, you should take Carrera Street to Plaza
                                      de Vergara, dates back to the sixteenth century          de Santiago, where the double-portico façade of
                                      too. Its stylised brick tower, built at the beginning    Santiago's Church looms up above the passers-
                                      of the eighteenth century, is the tallest in the town.   by. Not very far away is the Convent of Belén
                                      The church's interior is a true museum of painting       (Bethlehem) and its eighteenth-century church,
                                      and sculpture.                                           whose interior is profusely ornamented with
                                                                                               polychrome and gilded plasterworks.
                                      Next to this temple is La Encarnación convent,
                                      with a church from the sixteenth century. The            The Puerta de Granada gate, at the end of Belén
                                      Moorish style typical of Granada can be seen in          Street, was erected in the eighteenth century
                                      the wooden frame over the nave, in whose centre          and exhibits the coats-of-arms of Antequera and
                                      the main chapel sits at a considerable height. In        of King Ferdinand VI. A short stretch from this
                                      the adjacent El Coso Square is the Nájera                point, you reach Menga and Viera dolmens
                                      Palace, which now houses the City Museum,                (2500 B.C. and 2000 B.C., respectively), two
                                      which contains the famed "Ephebe of Antequera,"          exceptional funeral monuments. On your way

                                      an extraordinary bronze figure from the first            back from the dolmens, taking Cristo de los
                                      century that, according to experts, is among the         Avisos Street and just before returning to Plaza
                                      best Roman sculptures in Spain. Paintings from           de las Descalzas, you shouldn't miss a visit to

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                                                                 the Real Convento de San Zoilo. It was founded        roofed with Mudéjar frameworks and separated
                                                                 by Isabella and Ferdinand, the Catholic               by heavy Ionic columns that confer an
                                                                 Monarchs, in the sixteenth century, and follows       unmistakable classical air to the church interior.
                                                                 the late Gothic style. Besides the splendid           A grammar school founded in this place gave
                                                                 Mudéjar coffered ceiling of the central nave, this    rise to the Antequera poetry group during the
                                                                 church contains three outstanding examples of         Spanish Golden Age. Its most famous member
                                                                 Renaissance art: the image of Cristo Verde            was Pedro Espinosa, whose memorial statue
                                                                 (Green Christ), that of Jesús Nazareno de la          stands in the square.
                                                                 Sangre (Bleeding Jesus of Nazareth), and a
                                                                 beautiful altarpiece.                                 In 1585, the Arco de los Gigantes (Giants' Arch)
                                                                                                                       was erected in front of the Collegiate Church.
                                                                 At Plaza de las Descalzas starts the Cuesta de        Some time ago, it included Roman tombstones
                                                                 los Rojas, which leads to Plaza del Carmen and        and other pieces but some of them disappeared
                                                                 the street of the same name. There, you'll find       and others have been replaced by copies so that
                                                                 the Del Carmen Church, which belonged to a            the originals could be preserved. Before leaving,
                                                                 convent that no longer exists. The church interior    a visit to the Alcazaba (fortress) is a must. It
                                                                 (sixteenth and seventeenth centuries) includes a      stands on the highest part of Antequera and
                                                                 magnificent Mudéjar framework and a striking          offers the best panoramic views of the town and
                                                                 Churriguera's altarpiece in the high altar. A         its surroundings.
                                                                 Gothic Virgin donated by the Catholic Monarchs
                                                                 to the no longer existent mosque-church of El         Construction work in the Alcazaba began in the
                                                                 Salvador further increases the artistic relevance     eleventh century but most of the walls and the
                                                                 of the religious building.                            two towers date from the fourteenth century. The
                                                                                                                       main tower is the Homage Tower. Its interior is
                                                                 A set of stairs lead to Postigo de la Estrella from   crowned by groin vaults, except for one which
                                                                 Plaza del Carmen, from which a slope comes            has a wooden ceiling. The Torre de Papabellotas
                                                                 out onto Plaza de Santa María, located in the         (Papabellotas Tower) was built above this tower
                                                                 upper part of town. Here, the rich architectural      in the sixteenth century. Its bell regulated the
                                                                 complex is made up of the Royal Collegiate            irrigation of the fields. The chambers of the Torre
                                                                 Church of Santa María la Mayor (Greater St            Blanca are distributed in two levels and
                                                                 Mary) -next to which some Roman ruins have            communicated with the Homage Tower through
                                                                 been discovered-, the Alcazaba or Arab fortress,      a passage behind the battlements.
                                                                 and the Arco de los Gigantes (Giants' Arch).
                                                                                                                       A second wall led from the Torre Blanca
                                                                 The Royal Colegiate Church of Santa María la          southward, where the Puerta de Málaga gate
                                                                 Mayor (Greater St Mary) is thought to be the first    was built. This is a graceful tower with a
                                                                 Renaissance church built in Andalusia (1530-          horseshoe arch. After the Christian conquest, it
                                                                 1550). Its imposing façade is one of the symbols      was used as a chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Wait.

                                                                 that best represent the town of Antequera. It
                                                                 displays three arches divided by buttresses, and      Upon leaving the Alcazaba you should return to
                                                                 is crowned with pinnacles. The three naves are        the Arco de los Gigantes (Giants' Arch) and take

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                                      Herradores Street towards Plaza del Portichuelo,       The Town Hall, on Infante Don Fernando Street,
                                      where the unique Chapel of Virgen del Socorro          was formerly the Convent of the Third
                                      (Our Lady of Succour is. It has an ornamented          Franciscan Order. The Town Council acquired
                                      and complex Baroque portico. Next to this original     the property in 1845. Behind its neo-Baroque
                                      building is the Church of Santa María de Jesús         façade (twentieth century), this mansion
                                      (Saint Mary of Jesus), where devotees worship          contains a splendid courtyard, formerly the
                                      the Virgin's image, one of the most popular of the     cloister, and an artistic marble stairway. Finally,
                                      Holy Week festivity in Antequera.                      next to the Town Hall, visitors can see the
                                                                                             Convent of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios
                                      Descending along the Cuesta Real towards Plaza         (Convent of Our Lady of Remedies). The main
                                      del Portichuelo, you arrive at the Church of San       chapel's Baroque altarpiece with Solomonic
                                      Juan Bautista (Saint John the Baptist), built in the   columns is worthy of special note. There, devout
                                      sixteenth century in the Mannerist style. The          followers worship their patroness, Our Lady of
                                      image of Cristo de la Salud y de las Aguas (Christ     Remedies, represented in a carved figure from
                                      of Health and Waters) is worshipped in this            the sixteenth century.
                                      church. Down the steep Álvaro de Oviedo Street
                                      to Pasillas Street, you will find the Palace of the    FIESTAS
                                      Marquises of Escalonias and its beautiful              Festivities in Antequera offer the living image of
                                      Mannerist front. A few steps farther, you will see     a dynamic town which, however, has
                                      the Church of Santo Domingo, built in the              succeeded in preserving lasting traditions and
                                      seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, which            popular customs. Among popular festivities,
                                      preserves a polychrome Mudéjar coffered ceiling.       one stands out over the rest: Holy Week, which
                                      The lady chapel of the main altarpiece contains a      was declared Andalusian fiesta of National
                                      figure of the Virgen de la Paz Coronada                Tourist Interest. It is one of the oldest and most
                                      (Crowned Virgin of Peace), and another chapel is       original festivities in Andalusia because it's
                                      devoted to Our Lady of the Rosary.                     completely different from those celebrated
                                                                                             elsewhere, while their essence is the same. It
                                      The tour continues along Cuesta de la Paz, which       has such powerful and singular features that
                                      leads to San Sebastián Square. You can begin           the phrase "Antequera style" is used to
                                      another itinerary from this point, going down          underscore certain characteristics that have
                                      Infante Don Fernando Street towards the                influenced Holy Week ceremonies in other places.
                                      boulevard of Andalucía and the Bullring, where
                                      the City Bullfighting Museum is located.               Most images worshipped in Holy Week
                                                                                             processions are valuable carvings made in the
                                      The Convent of San Agustín (St Augustine),             sixteenth and seventeenth centuries by artists
                                      completed in mid sixteenth century, is on the first    belonging to the school of Antequera. Floats are
                                      stretch of this street. The main chapel has a          carried on shoulders of the hermanacos, whose
                                      Gothic cross-ribbed vault. The nave's coffered         place along the transporting poles is usually

                                      ceiling, designed by Siloé, was a veritable            assigned depending on their ancestry. The rich
                                      masterpiece of its kind, but was replaced in the       processional furnishings show their full
                                      eighteenth century by a covering in Mannerist style.   splendour surrounded by the scenery provided

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                                                                 by the architecture of the historic centre and its    cabello de ángel (kind of sweet made with
                                                                 steep, narrow streets. One of the most singular       pumpkin and honey).
                                                                 rituals in Antequera's Holy Week is called correr
                                                                 la vega ("running across the meadow") and             The taste for tapas, an old tradition not just in
                                                                 consists in carrying the sacred images' floats        Andalusia but in many other places in Spain, is
                                                                 while running up a very steep slope.                  deeply rooted in Antequera, proof of which are
                                                                                                                       the numerous sites offering these delicious small
                                                                 The August Fair is a motley mosaic of very            bites. From the wide range of tapas available,
                                                                 different activities: open-air dancing, cante jondo   excellent choices would be stewed rice, ribs,
                                                                 (traditional flamenco songs), pop music, jazz,        porra, potato stew, eggplant and, of course, all
                                                                 food exhibitions, and bullfights led by the most      the different pork products that continue to be
                                                                 popular espadas ("swords"), a word used to            handmade in this region.
                                                                 praise a skilful and brave matador. Festivities
                                                                 honouring the patroness, Our Lady of                  NATURE
                                                                 Remedies, widely popular among local people,          El Torcal Nature Site is some 14 kilometres
                                                                 are held on 8 September.                              south of Antequera. Its startlingly strange and
                                                                                                                       beautiful terrain derives from a geological folding
                                                                 Agroant, the local Agricultural and Cattle Fair, is   that raised the seafloor and formed a hill range.
                                                                 held in late May, within the framework of the         Over millions of years, the wind and the rain
                                                                 Spring Fair.                                          have eroded and shaped the rocks into a
                                                                                                                       fantastic showcase of the most original and
                                                                 FOOD                                                  varied forms imaginable. Their resemblance to
                                                                 As far as food is concerned, Antequera has also       easily recognisable objects will stir your
                                                                 made known some dishes that have become               imagination so you'll believe you're in front of
                                                                 very popular beyond the district's borders, and       castles, cathedrals, screw-shaped columns, and
                                                                 today they can be found in every corner of            monsters.
                                                                 Andalusia. The well-known porra antequerana
                                                                 (made with bread, tomato, and peppers) is             Visitors can follow two well-defined routes to
                                                                 undoubtedly the star dish of the region, a pole       explore this extraordinary 12-sq km karstic
                                                                 position it shares with molletes, a kind of Arab      landscape. One of them is more suitable for a
                                                                 bread made with local olive oil that is a must for    quick visit, and the other for a more thorough
                                                                 breakfast.                                            tour to get to know some of the flora and fauna
                                                                                                                       of this extraordinary site.
                                                                 Antequera is also renowned for its pastries.
                                                                 Christmas sweets like polvorones, mantecados,
                                                                 and alfajores, baked in traditional ovens,
                                                                 especially those in the cloistered convents, have
                                                                 achieved a well-deserved fame due to a refined

                                                                 cooking tradition. One of the most typical
                                                                 desserts of this district is bienmesabe, made
                                                                 with almonds, cinnamon, sponge cake, and

 30         Málaga, Sun and Culture                                        Antequera                         Index                     Málaga, Sun and Culture                               31
                                                    a    RT SPACES                                                                          Archidona

                                TOURIST BOARD &
                               CONVENTION BUREAU

               index. Archidona
                                                    USEFUL INFORMATION                                    CONVENT OF SANTO
                                                    Archidona Town Hall                                   DOMINGO HOTEL-SCHOOL
                                                    Address: Plaza de la Victoria, 1                      Address: C/ Santo Domingo, s/n
                                                    29300 Archidona
         Málaga, Sun and Culture                    Tel.: (+34) 952 714 480
                                                                                                          The old nave of the church that belonged to the
                                                                                                          Convent of Santo Domingo, which has been
                                                    Website:                            converted to a hotel-school managed by the
                                                                                                          Tourism Ministry of the Government of Andalusia,
                                                                                                          holds cultural events like dance performances,
                                                    "EUGENIO LAFUENTE"                                    concerts, and recitals. Above all, this venue
                                                    MUNICIPAL EXHIBITION HALL                             serves as a fantastic space for "Archidona
                                                    Address: C/ Fresca, s/n                               Cinema" - Andalusian and Mediterranean Film
                                                    (Municipal Market, ground floor)                      Festival, a world-class film event in the

        .   CULTURAL CENTRES                        This gallery has been conceived as a neutral and
                                                                                                          Autonomous Community of Andalusia.

     Art Spaces                           pág. 33   multi-purpose venue. Its large walls and surface
                                                    area (133 sq m) welcome both the traditional          "LA BOHÈME" CULTURAL CENTRE
                                                    annual exhibition programme and a wide range of       Address: C/ Pavía, 2
                                                    special exhibitions (group exhibitions, travelling
                                                    exhibitions, and so forth).                           La Bohème is a multi-purpose centre drawing
                                                                                                          artists in the realm of the performing arts,
                                                                                                          literature, and plastic and visual arts. The centre
                                                    ARCHIDONA MUNICIPAL MUSEUM                            promotes artists' coexistence and creativity and
                                                    Address: Plaza de la Vitoria, 1 - La Cilla Building   fosters experimental initiatives. La Bohème is an
                                                                                                          innovative cultural project in Andalusia, in contact
                                                    The Archidona Municipal Museum and Centre for         with leading European cultural centres. It's
                                                    Historic and Cultural Heritage exhibits its           supported by the Government of Málaga and the
                                                    permanent collection and also holds temporary         Archidona Town Council.
                                                    exhibitions focusing mainly on local history, arts
                                                    or traditional culture. It runs shows hailing from
                                                    other locations as well.

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                                                                                            HOW TO GET THERE
                                                            Archidona                       If you are travelling by car, take the A-92 (Seville-
                                                                                            Almería), A-359 (Pedrizas-Salinas), N-342
                                                                                            (Antequera-Archidona-Salinas) or the N-331
                                      USEFUL INFORMATION                                    (Málaga-Córdoba-Madrid).

                                                                                            BRIEF HISTORY
                                      Surface Area: 187.1 square kilometres                 The oldest archaeological remains found in
                                      Population: about 8,500                               Archidona and its environs date back from
                                      What the natives are called: Archidoneses             prehistory; one of them is Las Grajas cave.
                                      Monuments: the Ochavada plaza, Las Mínimas            There are also protohistoric walled settlements
                                      convent, La Victoria church, La Cilla building, the   like La Hoya and Capacheras. Roman ruins can
                                      hermitages of Nuestra Señora de Gracia, San           be seen at La Alcaidía and La Camila. Muslim
                                      Antonio, and El Nazareno, the Santa Ana church,       Arsiduna was the capital of the Rayya district.
                                      Santo Domingo convent and the ruins of the            Only the walls, some ruins of the castle and
                                      medieval castle.                                      parts of the old mosque (present-day Shrine of
                                      Geographical Location: in the northeast part of       the Virgen de Gracia) have survived. In 1462,
                                      the province of Málaga, in the Antequera region       Archidona was taken from the Moors by Pedro
                                      and adjoining the province of Granada. The            Girón, first Duke of Osuna, whose descendants
                                      village centre is 50 kilometres from the city of      continued to rule the village for years. The
                                      Málaga and 20 from Antequera. It sits 716 metres      Flemish Renaissance illuminator Joris
                                      above sea level and the average annual rainfall is    Hoefnagel published the first prints depicting
                                      nearly 600 litres per square metre. The average       panoramic views of Archidona in Civitates Orbis
                                      temperature is 15º C.                                 Terrarum. Archidona has numerous monuments
                                      Tourist Information:                                  from the Modern Era, particularly in the
                                      Town Hall, Paseo de la Victoria, 1 (29300).           seventeenth and eighteenth-century Baroque
                                      Telephone: (+ 34) 952 714 480                         style. One emblematic work from that period is
                                      Fax: (+ 34) 952 714 165.                              the Plaza Ochavada. A Royal Decree of 1901
                                      Tourist Office, Plaza Ochavada, 2.                    granted Archidona city status.
                                      Telephone: (+ 34) 952 716 479
                                                                                            WHAT TO SEE
                                                                                            The Municipal Museum has a permanent
                                                                                            collection and a visitor centre where out-of-
                                                                                            towners can learn about Archidona's historic and
                                                                                            cultural heritage. The museum is the first site to
                                                                                            see before your tour of Archidona, since it will
                                                                                            help you make the most of your visit.

                                                                                            In 1980, the city of Archidona was designated a
                                                                                            site of historic-artistic interest due to its historic
                                                                                            and cultural assets, and especially its

 34         Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                      Archidona                         Index     Málaga, Sun and Culture                   35
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                                      architectural landmarks. The following sites are      Andalusian Baroque style and shows the                   the archives, a large decorative candlestick to
                                      not to be missed:                                     eighteenth-century enlightened spirit. The Plaza         hold the Easter candle, and a polychrome wood
                                                                                            Ochavada has a monumental and strongly                   altarpiece from the old Convent of Santo
                                      Convent of the Minim Nuns, founded in the             scenographical appeal. Its brick fronts and the          Domingo. The large altarpiece in the high altar
                                      sixteenth century. It has a church built in the       austere architectural lines make up eight                and the wooden inner door at one end of the
                                      seventeenth and eighteenth centuries whose            different yet harmonious façades. The square             building date from the eighteenth century. Worth
                                      brick tower and ceramic ornaments evoke the           can be reached through three monumental                  mentioning are the figure of the Virgen del
                                      Mudéjar style. It houses the Virgen del Fuelle, a     arches. A great number of Archidona's major              Rosario and the official figures belonging to the
                                      sixteenth-century Renaissance painting of the         festive and cultural events take place in it. In         fraternities of La Humildad and La Soledad. In
                                      Flemish school.                                       addition, it is a meeting point for local people to      the presbytery, there is a large painting of The
                                                                                            voice their concerns and enjoy their leisure time.       Pietà (1928) by Eugenio Lafuente, an artist born
                                      Established in 1757, the Old Pious School came                                                                 in Archidona.
                                      to be one of the main learning centres in             The Church of La Victoria was a part of an old
                                      Andalusia. The school was active until the 1950s,     convent that belonged to the Minims of St Francis        The Shrine of Virgen de Gracia, Patroness of
                                      and the building was then home to a public high       of Paola. The convent was established in the             Archidona, is nestled high in Cerro de Gracia. It
                                      school and vocational school. At present, it is the   sixteenth century, but it was confiscated later on, in   has preserved a part of the mosque of the
                                      "Luís Barahona de Soto" high school.                  the nineteenth century. The present-day building         fortified site built by the Arabs. It features horse
                                      Construction work ended in 1794. Colegio Street       dates back to the seventeenth and eighteenth             shoe arches on columns with shafts from
                                      divides the school into two blocks that are           centuries. The church's outstanding elements are         Roman times. The tower has retained some of
                                      connected via an elevated passageway over a           the belfry, the brick façade and the Rococo              its minaret structure. The renovation made in the
                                      barrel vault where the street is, thus, covered.      altarpiece devoted to preaching. The official figures    seventeenth and eighteenth centuries involved
                                      The two main fronts, from the eighteenth century,     of the fraternities of El Huerto, El Dulce Nombre and    the enlargement of the building and the addition
                                      look onto Carrera and Pilarejo Streets. The           La Pollinica are kept in La Victoria.                    of vaults with plasterwork. In the shrine, there is
                                      building is home to the "Doctor Ricardo Conejo                                                                 a painting depicting the local Patroness, Virgen
                                      Ramilo" Municipal Public Library and the              The site known as La Cilla was used by the Dukes         de Gracia, an anonymous work whose canvas,
                                      Municipal Archives as well.                           of Osuna to store grains and ground rent. The            the legend goes, is a remnant from the flag of
                                                                                            Dukes of Osuna were the lords of the village, and        Pedro Girón, who conquered Archidona in 1462.
                                      The Church of El Nazareno was built between the       their coat of arms is on the eighteenth-century          The beautiful fifteenth-century vitrified ceramics
                                      seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries,             façade that opens to the Plaza de la Victoria. At        baptismal font is noteworthy.
                                      presumably on the site of a sixteenth-century         present, the building is the local Town Hall and is
                                      chapel. When the Pious School was founded, in         home to the Municipal Museum.                            The Convento de Santo Domingo School-Hotel,
                                      1757, El Nazareno came to be the church-chapel                                                                 dependent on the Government of Andalusia, is
                                      of the school until the religious order left the      The construction of the Parish Church of Santa           housed in the former convent, a sixteenth-
                                      place. A marble pulpit with the name of the order     Ana commenced in the early sixteenth century in          century building that underwent major
                                      has been kept. The main altar is presided over by     the Gothic style, as can be observed at the head         renovation and refurbishment. One aisle on
                                      the Mannerist image of the Nazarene, from the         of the polygonal temple covered with a sixpartite        whose end are two chapels covered in
                                      late sixteenth century.                               vault. The front façade dates back to the                magnificent eighteenth-century plasterwork
                                                                                            eighteenth century. The church underwent major           have survived from the old building.

                                      The Plaza Ochavada is the monument of                 renovation in the nineteenth century. It has an
                                      Archidona par excellence. Built between 1780          original triangular tower and contains                   The streets of Archidona's old quarter add an
                                      and 1786, the square was built in a fine              Renaissance wooden doors at the entrance to              interesting architectural environment with its

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                                      traditional houses, squares, alleys, and so on.        Two months later, in April, Archidona holds the      Ana, where it stays nine days before they take
                                      The basic elements that took part in the               Book Fair, a major cultural event full of            Her back to Her own chapel. In autumn,
                                      emergence and growth of the modern village             activities. The May Crosses is festival where        Archidona plays host to the Andalusian and
                                      can be seen around Carrera and Nueva streets,          people set crosses decorated with flowers in         Mediterranean Film Festival, also known as
                                      which run towards the former Placeta de los            the headquarters of several associations and         Archidona Cinema, a leading cultural event in
                                      Mesones, currently known as Plaza or Paseo de          children take part in processions carrying floats    the Autonomous Community of Andalusia. Of
                                      la Victoria. The village is built upon a hill, Cerro   and the Holy Cross along the streets. On 15          course, on Christmas Day, New Year's Day and
                                      de Gracia, which commands magnificent views            May, Archidona celebrates St Isidore the             Epiphany, the village leaves the old year behind
                                      of the fertile countryside. If you look farther,       Farmer's festival, which is particularly             and welcomes the new one. Nativity scenes,
                                      you'll see the well-known Peña de los                  remarkable in the districts of Huertas del Río       Correr las latas (children running along the
                                      Enamorados (Lovers' Rock), which actually lies         and Salinas. There, local residents organise         streets making noise with cans to "call" the
                                      in Antequera but is closely linked to Archidona.       popular festivals, they go camping and have          Three Kings who will bring them presents), the
                                      Legend has it that two lovers, one a Moor, one a       fun together. Also in May, a dog show is held.       Three Kings' Parade, etc. are typical of these
                                      Christian, killed themselves at this rock as their     Although it started only a few years ago, the        days in the winter season. Finally, in January
                                      love was forbidden.                                    show has already been designated of tourist          Archidona stages the traditional canary bird
                                                                                             interest in Andalusia and the province as well.      show.
                                      FIESTAS                                                It features tests and trials, vendor booths, etc.
                                      Archidona has a festival-packed calendar.              In sum, it is a good opportunity to get closer to
                                                                                             the world of dogs and pets. In June, the district    FOOD
                                      In February, there are the Candelaria bonfires, a      of San Antonio, where the seventeenth-century        Porra archidonesa is the typical dish of
                                      tradition linked to the day of the Virgin's            San Antonio Chapel can be found, holds its           Archidona, a cold dish made with bread, tomato,
                                      Purification. Carnival time is basically a time for    own feast, and in July, the district of La           pepper, garlic, salt and olive oil. Traditional foods
                                      revelry and partying. Fun begins several weeks         Romera, around the Station of Archidona,             are ajoblanco, pimentón, porrilla de setas,
                                      in advance with the Jueves de Compadres,               celebrates St Aurelio Day.                           gazpachuelo, guisillo de San José, cazuelilla
                                      Jueves de Comadres, Jueves de Padres e                                                                      moruna, migas, papandujas de bacalao, gachas
                                      Hijos, when people eat sweet pastries and drink        In July and August, the Plaza Ochavada turns         de mosto, among others. The mollete (muffin) is
                                      chocolate together while they plan and get ready       into a true stage on which cultural activities and   what local people usually have for breakfast. In
                                      for the festival. When Carnival arrives, the party     events are run, one of them being the World          Archidona, you will be able to taste mouth-
                                      takes the streets. Local people dress up for the       Music and Dance Festival. On 15 August,              watering pastries and desserts like bollos de
                                      occasion, they sing coplillas, take part in            Archidona pays tribute to the Virgen de Gracia,      manteca, pestiños, aceitados, or the sweets
                                      parades and play the "cántaros" (jugs) game,           the local Patroness, whose procession toward         prepared by the Minim nuns. In Archidona they
                                      attend the entierro del boquerón (burial of the        Her hilltop shrine on Cerro de Gracia starts the     make an exceptionally good olive oil.
                                      sardine), etc. Holy Week, designated Fiesta of         night before. Repiques (chime of bells) and
                                      National Tourist Interest in Andalusia, is the most    luminarias (lights on the streets) are two of the    NATURE
                                      important religious feast in Archidona. The            traditions related to the festivity of the local     The municipal district of Archidona has natural
                                      processions are led by the six local "cofradías"       Patroness. The Royal Fair is held from 14 to 18      spaces with great environmental value: next to
                                      or fraternities: La Pollinica, El Huerto, El           August and comprises both a Day Fair and a           Salinas there are the lakes called Lagunas de
                                      Nazareno, El Dulce Nombre, La Humildad and             Night Fair. Finally, the summer festive period       Archidona (Grande and Chica), an area

                                      La Soledad. All of them established an                 ends the last Saturday of August or the first        designated Nature Reserve of Andalusia that
                                      association in 1927 called Agrupación de               Saturday of September. The figure of the Virgin      teems with bird life. The Marín stream flows into
                                      Cofradías de Semana Santa de Archidona.                is taken down to the Parish Church of Santa          the Guadalhorce river and forms the Hoz de

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                                                                 Arroyo Martín amidst the mountains, a beauty          we can name Abd ar-Rahman I, first Umayyad of
                                                                 spot teeming with a native tree, the Aleppo pine.     Al Andalus, who was proclaimed prince in
                                                                 On the outskirts of Archidona lies the Molino Don     Archidona; Luís Barahona de Soto -prestigious
                                                                 Juan, a green lung with a town swimming pool,         poet and humanist praised by Cervantes-, from
                                                                 sports facilities and hiking trails. And there is a   Lucena, served as alderman in Archidona, in the
                                                                 second green area surrounding the defensive           sixteenth century; and Blas Infante, the Father of
                                                                 wall: the Cerro de Gracia Suburban Park. The          the Andalusian Nation, studied at the Pious
                                                                 municipal district houses the largest oak wood in     Schools of Archidona from 1896 to 1900.
                                                                 the entire province, since it goes from Salinas to
                                                                 the town boundaries. This woody area makes up         LEGENDS
                                                                 a valuable ecosystem where Mediterranean              Several legends set in Archidona tell stories of
                                                                 bushes grow as well.                                  characters who lived by or at the time of the
                                                                                                                       Christian conquest of the town.
                                                                 All these sites are easily accessible if you take     One of such legends is that of the Peña de los
                                                                 the GR-7, specifically the stretch that runs from     Enamorados: Legend has it that the peña or
                                                                 Villanueva de Tapia toward Villanueva del             rock bore witness to a tragic tale of a love affair
                                                                 Trabuco. The PR-A 157 is an attractive trail also     between Hamet Ahaiar, a young Christian from
                                                                 known as Archidona-Hoz del Arroyo Marín, and          Antequera, and Tagzona, a Muslim princess
                                                                 there are other roads across the municipal            from Archidona. They fell in love but their
                                                                 district of Archidona.                                romance was not approved of. They fled to the
                                                                                                                       rock with troops on their heels. Rather than
                                                                 IMPORTANT FIGURES                                     spend a lifetime without each other, they threw
                                                                 A great number of prominent people were born          themselves from the rock in a loving embrace.
                                                                 in Archidona. Bartolomé Marín, for instance,
                                                                 founded the town of Archidona in Ecuador in           In Tales of the Alhambra, Washington Irving
                                                                 1563; Miguel Cabello de Balboa was a well-            collects the tales of how the Virgin appeared to
                                                                 known sixteenth-century writer in Peru; Martín        the Christian army and guided the men up a
                                                                 de León y Cárdenas was Bishop of Pouzzoli and         mysterious path in the mountains, which had
                                                                 Palermo, Italy, in the seventeenth century; José      never before been known. When the Moor of
                                                                 Alcántara Navarro (1787-1848) was appointed           Archidona's castle saw the Christians coming,
                                                                 Royal Minister; José Alcántara Pérez (1834-           he was astonished, and springing with his horse
                                                                 1898) was a military governor in Melilla; Juan de     from a precipice, was dashed to pieces. The
                                                                 Astorga was one of the leading sculptors in           marks of his horse's hoofs are to be seen in the
                                                                 Andalusia in the nineteenth century; Miguel           margin of the rock to this day.
                                                                 Lafuente Alcántara was a famed politician,
                                                                 historian and scholar who lived in the nineteenth
                                                                 century; and Augusto Miranda Godoy (1855-
                                                                 1920) was Navy Minister under the reign of

                                                                 Alfonso XIII.

                                                                 Among the people who were not born in
                                                                 Archidona but left their mark in the town's history

 40         Málaga, Sun and Culture                                          Archidona                       Index                     Málaga, Sun and Culture                               41
                                            TOURIST BOARD &
                                           CONVENTION BUREAU

          index. Benalmádena
             Málaga, Sun and Culture

          Benalmádena Municipal Auditorium              page 44
       Arroyo de la Miel House of Culture               page 45
      Bil Bil Castle                                    page 46
     Benalmádena Exhibition Centre                      page 47

42                Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture       43
                                   b    ENALMÁDENA MUNICIPAL AUDITORIUM                                           Benalmádena               a    RROYO DE LA MIEL HOUSE OF CULTURE                                     Benalmádena

                                                                                           USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                     USEFUL INFORMATION
                                                                                           Address: La Paloma - Arroyo de la Miel                                                                 Address: Avda. de la Constitución, s/n
                                                                                           29631 Benalmádena                                                                                      29631 Arroyo de la Miel - Benalmádena
                                                                                           Tel.: (+34) 952 440 640                                                                                Tel.: (+34) 952 444 689 - 952 444 698
                                                                                           E-mail:                                                                      E-mail:
Benalmádena Municipal Auditorium

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Arroyo de la Miel House of Culture
                                                The Auditorium is part of a group of                                                                     The cultural centre at Arroyo de la
                                   initiatives undertaken by the Benalmádena Town                                                           Miel is situated in a nice building that boasts
                                   Council, and aimed at offering cultural options in                                                       traditional architectural features. It has a long
                                   the district through the organisation of different                                                       tradition in the district, since it was home to the
                                   quality shows and performances that require an                                                           local schools, and currently is the space in which
                                   appropriate space to be staged.                                                                          most events, exhibitions and celebrations take
                                                                                                                                            place. The building has an auditorium,
                                   The Auditorium would be used only in the                                                                 classrooms, a library with books in different
                                   summer, but soon they decided to extend the                                                              languages and exhibition halls. It is home to the
                                   offer because the Costa del Sol's weather is                                                             local Culture Department.
                                   excellent all the year round and the Auditorium

                                   premises can hold a wide range of events.

                                   Moreover, its location is perfect to host any kind
                                   of public or private event, since it's near the green

                                   area of the Costa del Sol (La Paloma Park), the
                                   fairground at Arroyo de la Miel, and other leisure
                                   and recreation facilities.

     44                            Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                         Benalmádena                         Index               Málaga, Sun and Culture         45
                 b    IL BIL CASTLE                                                                Benalmádena               b    ENALMÁDENA EXHIBITION CENTRE                                         Benalmádena

                                                                             USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                    USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                             Address: Avda. Antonio Machado, 78                                                                    Address: Avda. Antonio Machado, 33
                                                                             29630 Benalmádena Costa                                                                               29630 Benalmádena
                                                                             Tel.: (+34) 952 444 320                                                                               Tel.: (+34) 952 562 820
                                                                                                                                                                                   Fax: (+34) 952 576 163

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Benalmádena Exhibition Centre
                             The Bil Bil Castle is an Arab-like           Benalmádena Council bought the castle to use it                The 850 sq m building has an
                 construction, with a red front with tiles and            as a cultural centre.                              exhibition area covering 600 sq m (work is
                 decorated with bas-relief after the exquisite                                                               underway to enlarge it up to the whole block), four
                 Nasrid tradition. On the sides are fountains also in                                                        levels, warehouse and office area. The attic can
                 Arab style. The spot commands magnificent                                                                   be used as a classroom and also has a space for
Bil Bil Castle

                 views of Benalmádena's beaches.                                                                             catering service. There are between six and eight
                                                                                                                             exhibitions throughout the year: paintings,
                 The local Town Council organises a wide variety                                                             sculptures, archaeological or historic objects,
                 of cultural activities such as exhibitions, talks,                                                          architecture and photos.
                 concerts, and weddings on Saturdays.

                 The castle was built in the 30's by León and
                 Fernanda Hermann. The architect Enrique
                 Atencia, from Málaga, was in charge of the
                 design and construction work. Before even

                 moving to the castle, when the Spanish Civil War
                 broke out, in 1936, the Hermanns decided to sell
                 the property. The Schestroms, an American
                 family, acquired and lived in it until the 80's. After
                 a series of events and negotiations, the

  46             Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                            Benalmádena                         Index              Málaga, Sun and Culture              47
                                                                                                                                                                                         TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                            CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                     This town stretches from the southern
                                                    Benalmádena                                 foothills of the Sierra de Mijas range down to the
                                                                                                                                                       Torremuelle and Capellanía). But it was the
                                                                                                                                                       Arabs who gave the district its name.
                                                                                                sea and has a population of 40,000. It has three
                                        USEFUL INFORMATION                                      urban centres, which almost merge with one             The current name might derive from Ibn al-
                                                                                                another, but yet each is quite distinct:               Madin, which means "sons of the mine," a
                                        Surface area: 26.60 km . 2
                                                                                                Benalmádena Pueblo, Benalmádena Costa and              reference to the region's ancient iron mines. This
                                        Population: Around 60,000.                              Arroyo de la Miel.                                     is not the only hypothesis with regards the
                                        Name given to the local people:                                                                                town's name, but it is the most widely accepted
                                        Benalmadenses.                                          Benalmádena Pueblo is the oldest one, a                among experts and historians.
                                        Location: In the western region of the Costa del        typically Andalusian whitewashed town with its
                                        Sol, 20 km from Málaga city and about 280 m             maze of narrow streets, plazas to relax in, and        Christian troops not only captured the town but
                                        above sea level. Its average annual rainfall is 610     great views over the Costa del Sol, since it is        also destroyed it, along with its castle, where
                                        l/m2 and the average temperature is 18º C.              300 m above sea level and close to the coast.          residents put up strong resistance against the
                                        What to see: Santo Domingo Church, El Muro                                                                     Catholic Monarchs' army. At the end of the
                                        Gardens, Museum of Archaeology, Bil-Bil Castle,         Arroyo de la Miel is a suburb that grew around         sixteenth century, Old Christians took up
                                        Colomares Castle, Las Águilas Garden, Buddhist          the local railway station. It's the financial centre   residence in the town, but they did not stay long,
                                        Stupa, watchtowers (Torrebermeja, Torrequebrada,        of the district, and the place where most              mainly due to the constant threat of attacks from
                                        Torremuelle), Plaza de España, Benalmádena              population lives in. Moreover, most municipal          the sea. The watchtowers that still stand along
                                        Pueblo's old quarter, Benalmádena Costa's               agencies are located here. Benalmádena Costa,          the coastline date back to this period.
                                        Roman ruins.                                            on the other hand, is the most international area
                                        Tourist Information:                                    offering all the main "sun and sand" tourist           In the eighteenth century, several pulp mills set
                                        Tourist Office,                                         attractions: large hotels, a casino, marina and a      up in the area. It was then that the area began to
                                        C/ Antonio Machado, 10,                                 wide range of shops.                                   regain a stable population, which kept growing
                                        Benalmádena Costa (29630).                                                                                     over the years with the vineyards gaining
                                        Tel.: (+34) 952 442 494 / 952 441 295.                  Due to its location, its excellent hotels and          importance. However, they disappeared at the
                                        Fax: (+34) 952 440 678.                                 whole host of leisure activities on offer              dawn of the twentieth century as a result of the
                                        E-mail:                        (beaches, marina, hiking, cable car, theme             phylloxera plague. The tourist boom started in
                                        Website:                           parks -Tivoli, Selwo Marina, Sea Life-, golf           Benalmádena in the 60's, which came as a great
                                                                                                fields… in addition to an intense cultural             boost to the areas economy.
                                                                                                programme including art, theatre and music),
                                                                                                Benalmádena is one of the top tourist                  HOW TO GET THERE
                                                                                                destinations in the province of Málaga.                The town can be easily accessed from every
                                                                                                                                                       part of the Costa del Sol by taking the Autopista
                                                                                                The oldest human settlement dates back to the          del Mediterráneo motorway (AP-7, N-340), by
                                                                                                Late Palaeolithic, as proven by the remains            train (local), or from the nearby cities of
                                                                                                found in the Toro Caves, Los Botijos and Las           Fuengirola, Torremolinos and Málaga.

                                                                                                Zorreras. The Phoenicians settled in this region
                                                                                                in the eighth and seventh centuries B.C., and          WHAT TO SEE
                                                                                                Phoenician artefacts were found on the coast as        In Benalmádena Pueblo, you will find the Santo
                                                                                                well. Later the Romans settled here (salting           Domingo Church, which dates back to the
                                                                                                factories in Benal-Roma and remains in                 seventeenth century, but was later rebuilt so

 48           Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                   Benalmádena                          Index                     Málaga, Sun and Culture                              49
                                                                                                                              TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                             CONVENTION BUREAU
                                        thoroughly that nothing remained of the original
                                        structure. Close to the church, there is also a
                                        wonderful viewing point and, in the same area,
                                        the Muro Gardens, designed by architect César
                                        Manrique, affording panoramic views with the sea
                                        as a backdrop.

                                        The Museum of Archaeology (Avenida Juan
                                        Peralta, 43; Tel.: (+34) 952 448 593) has the best
                                        collection of Pre-Columbian art in Europe, along
                                        with Neolithic and Roman artwork. The marble
                                        floor comes from an eighteenth-century vessel
                                        that shipwrecked off the coast of Benalmádena,
                                        as does a sixteenth-century image of Diana the
                                        Hunter, which is on display in one of the
                                        museum's rooms.

                                        Close to the beach stands the Bil-Bil Castle: this
                                        is an Arab-style building, with a red front and
                                        decorated with tiling and reliefs that are an
                                        exquisite example of Nasrid tradition. There are
                                        Moorish fountains on either side of the castle,
                                        from which visitors can enjoy great views over
                                        Benalmádena's beaches. In this spot, the local
                                        Council organises exhibitions, conferences,
                                        concerts, various cultural activities and civil
                                        wedding ceremonies (on Saturdays only).

                                        The building was constructed in the 30's by León
                                        and Fernanda Hermann. An architect from
                                        Málaga, Enrique Atencia, was awarded the
                                        construction project. The Hermanns never
                                        actually lived in the castle, since, when the
                                        Spanish Civil War broke out, in 1936, they
                                        decided to sell it. An American family, the
                                        Schestroms, bought the villa and lived there until

                                        the 80's. Eventually, the Benalmádena Council
                                        acquired the property and began using it as
                                        cultural centre.

 50           Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                        Benalmádena   Index   Málaga, Sun and Culture                   51
                                                                                                                                   TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                  CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                   La Paloma Park is the town's main green and
                                                                   the only city park on the Costa del Sol, covering
                                                                   an area of over 200,000m2. It includes an
                                                                   artificial lake with ducks, pelicans, turtles… You
                                                                   can also catch a glimpse of other animals such
                                                                   as parakeets, parrots, rabbits, goats, sheep, etc.

                                                                   Even more extravagant is the Colomares
                                                                   Castle, a tribute to the discovery of America
                                                                   built between 1987 and 1994 by Dr. Esteban
                                                                   Martín y Martín, with the help of two builders.
                                                                   This building features examples of every
                                                                   architectural styles you could think of,
                                                                   combined in almost dream-like fashion, making
                                                                   a strong visual impact. Adjoining this
                                                                   architectural oddity, there is the Las Águilas
                                                                   Garden, which offers falconry shows.

                                                                   The Estupa de la Iluminación is another of the
                                                                   town's major attractions. Unveiled on 4 October
                                                                   2003, this Buddhist stupa is the largest in the
                                                                   Western world, standing 33 m high over a base
                                                                   of 25 m. It is crowned with a gold cone which can
                                                                   be seen from the coastline between Fuengirola
                                                                   and Benalmádena. The meditation hall covers
                                                                   an area of over 100 m2 and is 6 m high. Its walls
                                                                   feature paintings by Himalayan artists depicting
                                                                   the most significant moments in Buddha's life.
                                                                   This type of Buddhist monuments symbolise
                                                                   harmony, prosperity and peace, and their origins
                                                                   go back 2500 years.

                                                                   The Torrebermeja, Torrequebrada and
                                                                   Torremuelle watchtowers were part of the
                                                                   defensive line that former inhabitants used to
                                                                   defend themselves from pirate attacks.

                                                                   Torrebermeja and Torrequebrada erected
                                                                   under Arab rule, and the latter was built a little
                                                                   later, after the Christian conquest, probably in
                                                                   the sixteenth century. Its cone-shaped profile is
                                                                   one of the most characteristic sights of the
                                                                   Benalmádena coastline.

 52           Málaga, Sun and Culture                                     Benalmádena                          Index    Málaga, Sun and Culture                   53
                                                                                                                                                                                                    TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                                         CONVENTION BUREAU
                                        The Aula del Mar (Sea Centre) is an aquarium           FOOD                                                          Selwo Marina is a new kind of marine wildlife
                                        featuring both Mediterranean marine wildlife and       It is difficult to name just one typical dish in an           park, at which visitors will enjoy a memorable
                                        educational activities.                                area that has been receiving foreign influence                experience and will be able to see South
                                                                                               for decades and therefore offers a wide range of              American aquatic mammals and birds. On this
                                        The Cumbre del Calamorro Recreational Area             international food. However, given that this is a             unique expedition through the New World, you
                                        has an additional leisure area for people wishing      coastal region, pescaíto frito or fried fish can be           can enjoy the first-ever Dolphin Aquarium in
                                        to take a cable car ride up the Calamorro peak         savoured at any seaside restaurant and many                   Andalusia and marvel at the clever bottle-nosed
                                        (770 m). The area has viewing points, pathways,        other restaurants in town; it is one of the most              dolphins. Selwo Marina also has the only
                                        cafés, horse riding trails, dressage areas, and        traditional and typical dishes served here, along             penguin ice enclosure in Andalusia, which
                                        also offers falconry shows.                            with gazpacho (a chilled soup made with vegetables).          reproduces the natural habitat of different
                                                                                                                                                             penguin species.
                                        FIESTAS                                                LEISURE
                                        Benalmádena's calendar of fiestas is varied            The Benalmádena Marina is one of the top tourist              Tivoli World, in Arroyo de la Miel, is the Costa del
                                        enough to satisfy all tastes and interests, offering   attractions of this city and the whole Costa del Sol as       Sol's theme park par excellence. With over 30
                                        so-called highbrow entertainment as well as            well. Apart from offering almost 1,000 mooring sites          years' experience, this pioneering leisure park,
                                        popular cultural events, sports, street parties, and   for all kinds of boats, a diving centre and all the typical   set among leafy gardens and beautiful
                                        religious festivals.                                   marina facilities (jet skiing, sailing), the marina           fountains, has moved with the times while
                                                                                               features popular bars, restaurants and discos that            keeping its traditional flavour. There are
                                        The major holiday here is Corpus Christi, when         attract millions of people every year.                        attractions for all ages, restaurants for all tastes
                                        the streets are blanketed with flowers and                                                                           and open-air theatres featuring the most popular artists.
                                        balconies are adorned with brightly-coloured           In the marina's surroundings, you will find Sea               At Tivoli's promenade is the entrance to the
                                        displays. Holy Week is another important holiday.      Life Benalmádena, an impressive aquarium with                 cable car, which takes visitors to the Calamorro
                                        During Holy Week, processions wind through the         specimens of the major life forms that inhabit the            Peak (724 m). The great views from this vantage
                                        streets of Benalmádena and Arroyo de la Miel;          Mediterranean Sea, tropical seas and oceans.                  point sweep over the coastline and also take in
                                        moreover on Maundy Thursday and Good Friday            The shark and seahorse enclosures are                         areas further inland. There is a bar-restaurant,
                                        there is also a re-enacting of Jesus' Passion          particularly outstanding.                                     and donkey rides are available too.
                                        known as El Paso, in which around 200 locals
                                        take part. It lasts for two hours and takes place on
                                        a natural stage near the town.

                                        The Festival of San Juan (June), celebrated in
                                        Arroyo de la Miel, offers a range of different
                                        events and activities, and the Fiesta del Carmen
                                        in mid-July pays tribute to the region's seafaring

                                        The local fiesta in honour of the Virgen de la Cruz,
                                        the local patroness, in mid-August, is also rooted
                                        in popular tradition.

 54           Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                   Benalmádena                                Index                       Málaga, Sun and Culture                                   55
                                                               a   L ANDALUS CINEPLEX                                                                 Coín

                                        TOURIST BOARD &
                                       CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                                       USEFUL INFORMATION

                 index. Coín
              Málaga, Sun and Culture
                                                                                                                       Address: La Trocha Shopping Centre -
                                                                                                                       Ctra. de Coín - Cártama, Km. 1
                                                                                                                       29100 Coín
                                                                                                                       Tel.: (+34) 951 315 039

           Al Andalus Cineplex                       page 57
                                                               DESCRIPTION                                       SERVICES

         . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS               Dolby digital sound carrying different channels   Disabled access

                                                                                                                                                              Al Andalus Cineplex
       Blas Infante House of Culture                 page 58   according to rooms                                Parking
                                                               Number of screens: 7                              Bar
      Sala Sótano                                    page 59   Total audience capacity: 1,000                    Tiered seats
     Las Vistillas                                   page 60                                                     Discount to people over 65
                                                                                                                 Student card
                                                                                                                 Morning show
                                                                                                                 Evening show
                                                                                                                 Numbered seats

                                                                                                                 Advance ticket sales
                                                                                                                 Online sales
                                                                                                                 Phone sales

56                                                                                                     Index                   Málaga, Sun and Culture        57
                                b    LAS INFANTE HOUSE OF CULTURE                                                       Coín        s ALA SÓTANO                                                                          Coín

                                                                                     USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                     Address: C/ Manuel García, s/n                                                                    Address: Plaza de la Alameda, 10
                                                                                     Tel.: (+34) 952 453 377                                                                           29100 Coín
                                                                                     E-mail:                                                                      E-mail:
Blas Infante House of Culture

                                           This cultural centre opened in 1982.                                                                 This recently inaugurated exhibition
                                The main room, seating 255 people, offers                                                           space is located in the Town Hall.
                                theatre play performances, talks, meetings and
                                concerts. Moreover, it has halls in which painting
                                and sculpture exhibitions are run.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Sala Sótano



     58                         Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                           Coín                       Index            Málaga, Sun and Culture            59
                lAS VISTILLAS                                                                                       Coín                                  TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                         CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                             USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                             Address: Ctra. de Mijas,
                                                                             Km. 2 - Urbanización Los Montecillos
                                                                             29100 Coín
                                                                             Tel.: (+34) 952 45 13 63
                                                                             Fax: (+34) 952 45 13 63

                            Traditional pottery, Las Vistillas "Coín      The country estate has a traditional orchard with
                Vida Rural" Ethnography Museum, the panoramic             a wide variety of fruit trees, holm oaks, carob
                views, and the market gardens turn Coín into a            trees, olive trees, fig trees, etc. Among the
                tourist and cultural attraction in the Valle del          indigenous aromatic herbs or low shrubs that
                Guadalhorce district.                                     grow in the area there are thyme, rosemary,
                                                                          fennel, camomile, and esparto grass. Some of the
                The village lies in the southern part of the              domestic animals that are found there are
                Guadalhorce valley. The hilltop viewpoint affords         Andalusian donkeys, hens, turkeys, pheasants, etc.
                views of the entire district, from Serranía de
                Ronda to Málaga City.                                     HOUR
Las Vistillas

                In the pottery studio, you'll find pieces in different    Open daily from 10:00 a.m. to 2:30 p.m.
                production stages and tools like a pottery wheel,         and from 4:00 to 8:00 p.m.
                a kiln, enamels, and so on.
                                                                          Admission is free. Advance reservation is

                The exhibition showcases the finished objects,            required for groups. Cultural activities and events
                which have been made using the same                       planned on a regular basis.
                techniques and colours as those used in Coín
                over three hundred years ago.

                Las Vistillas "Coín Vida Rural" Ethnography
                Museum brings out-of-towners closer to Coín's
                recent history and provides information to young people

                who are interested in the past of their own community.

  60            Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                         Coín   Index   Málaga, Sun and Culture                  61
                                                                                                                                                        TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                       CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                           Coín's district stretches from the
                                                                      Coín             considerable heights of the Sierra de Alpujata
                                                                                       range, one of the mountain masses that
                                 USEFUL INFORMATION                                    separate the interior of the province from the
                                                                                       western coastal area, to the centre of the
                                 Surface area: 128.40 km2.                             Guadalhorce Valley region. The terrain
                                 Population: About 20,000.                             descends slowly down to the lowlands but there
                                 Name given to the local people: Coineños.             are strong contrasts to be seen not only in the
                                 Location: In the southern part of the                 changing contours of the land but also in the
                                 Guadalhorce Valley region, 38 km from Málaga          types of crops and vegetation. Thus, while pines
                                 and 210 m above sea level. The average annual         and cork oaks abound in the mountains, the
                                 rainfall is 610 l/m2 and the average temperature is   landscape you can see while you lose height is
                                 17º C.                                                dominated by orchards and gardens, and near
                                 What to see: Churches of Santa María de la            the River Guadalhorce farms with citrus and
                                 Encarnación, San Andrés and San Juan, Chapel          even subtropical fruit trees abound.
                                 of Nuestra Señora de la Fuensanta, Torre de los
                                 Trinitarios tower, Archaeological hall (in the        Not surprisingly, humans settled here as early as
                                 Church of La Encarnación).                            in the Paleolithic because they found a
                                 Tourist Information:                                  temperate climate, a friendly terrain and
                                 Town Hall. Plaza Alameda, 10 (29100).                 abundant water, since the Rivers Pereilas and
                                 Tel.: (+34) 952 453 018.                              Grande, tributaries of the Guadalhorce, flow
                                 Fax: (+34) 952 453 284.                               through it. The site known as the "Taller"
                                 Tourist Office.                                       (meaning "workshop" in Spanish) of Ardite
                                 Plaza de Santa María                                  furnished materials for making tools during that
                                 (La Encarnación convent).                             period, while sites from later ages, when metals
                                 Tel.: (+34) 952 453 211.                              were introduced, are Cerro Carranque and Llano
                                 Fax: (+34) 952 453 211.                               de la Virgen, designated Site of Cultural Interest.
                                                                                       Another archaeological site, Cerro del Aljibe,
                                                                                       provides evidences that Greeks, Phoenicians,
                                                                                       Iberians and Romans passed through this area.
                                                                                       Burial sites set by the Visigoths have been found
                                                                                       at Cerro de las Calaveras. All these facts are
                                                                                       proof that the district of Coín has been inhabited
                                                                                       continuously since early in the development of
                                                                                       human cultures to the present day.

                                                                                       But Coín was actually founded during the
                                                                                       Muslim era. According to the chronicler of the
                                                                                       Umayyad ruler Abd-ar-Rahman III, the Roman
                                                                                       settlement was fortified in the year 920 by a

                                                                                       dignitary from Córdoba named Dakwan (Coín).

62     Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                        Coín                         Index     Málaga, Sun and Culture                   63
                                                                                                                  TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                 CONVENTION BUREAU
                                 Dakwan played a key role in Abd-ar-Rahman III's
                                 campaigns against the Muladí rebel Umar bin
                                 Hafsun, which lasted until 928, when Bobastro,
                                 Umar bin Hafsun's general headquarters, was
                                 captured by the Umayyad ruler.

                                 Three centuries later, the historian from Morocco
                                 Ibn Adhari referred to Coín as Castro Dakwan
                                 (Dakwan Fortress), which has made scholars
                                 think that the origin of the city's name is Roman or
                                 at least Mozarabic, especially when they consider
                                 the existence of a Mozarabic cave basilica near
                                 the village, which indicates there had been a
                                 Mozarabic community by the arrival of the army
                                 led by Abd-ar-Rahman III.

                                 During the Muslim period, agriculture was
                                 especially developed in the district and, as in
                                 other areas in Andalusia, some of the irrigation
                                 infrastructure has been preserved. By 1480,
                                 Dakwan was a medium-sized town of the Nasrid
                                 kingdom, with a population of around 3,000. It
                                 should be noted that at that time, Málaga had
                                 some 20,000 inhabitants and Granada, about

                                 The city was captured again by Christian troops in
                                 1485, an event that is depicted in the carved
                                 wood of the choir stalls in the Cathedral of Toledo.
                                 Soon afterwards, the Catholic King ordered that
                                 the fortress should be demolished, as keeping the
                                 necessary troops to defend it would be extremely
                                 expensive. Two years after the Reconquest, the
                                 area was repopulated and the lands distributed.
                                 The local population was increasingly larger,
                                 starting in the sixteenth century. Some authors
                                 say Miguel de Cervantes, who collected taxes for
                                 the Crown at that time, visited Coín in 1594.

                                 There were 700 orchards and market gardens in

                                 1773, in which all kinds of fruits and vegetables

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                                 were grown. The countryside produced wheat,           fact that seven brotherhoods had been
                                 maize, olive oil, barley, hemp, figs, honey and       established by the sixteenth century.                  The former Chapel of Nuestra Señora de la
                                 silk, among other products, and it also had 14 oil                                                           Fuensanta, by the road leading to Monda, was
                                 mills and 20 flour mills, at a time when the          The Church of Santa María de la Encarnación            there even in the sixteenth century, but the
                                 population was 1,800. Coín entered the modern         (St Mary of the Incarnation) was the first church      present-day one dates from 1680 and was
                                 age in the twentieth century (1913) with the          built in Coín on a former mosque. A religious          refurbished in the eighteenth century. Worthy of
                                 opening of the railway (it isn't operating at         community was established by the Franciscan            note is its main chapel, an open structure whose
                                 present) that linked Coín with Málaga City, and in    Order in early eighteenth century, and years           Rococo decoration resembles that of the chapel
                                 1930 Alfonso XIII granted it the status of City and   later a convent was built featuring a magnificent      in the Church of La Victoria, in Málaga City.
                                 its Town Council, the right to be addressed as        Baroque cloister.
                                 Excellency.                                                                                                  The Torre de los Trinitarios (Trinitarians tower) was
                                                                                       The Church of San Andrés and the La Caridad            built outside the walls of the village, also by the road
                                 HOW TO GET THERE                                      Hospital were originally built on the Plaza de San     leading to Monda. It is one of the three towers with
                                 There are four ways to reach Coín from the Costa      Andrés, and in 1520 they were already occupying        a triangular base in Andalusia (the other two being
                                 del Sol, but the best one is to leave Málaga City     their present-day location. The church has an          that of the Santa Ana Church, in Archidona, and that
                                 on the A-357 towards Campillos. You will first        unusual L-shaped floor plan, apparently the            of the Las Mínimas Convent, in Écija). It had
                                 arrive at Cártama, and soon afterwards, you           purpose was to place the ill in one of the branches    belonged to the Church of Santo Cristo de la Vera
                                 should take the A-355, which leads straight to        in such a way that they were separated from the        Cruz, in the convent that was used first by the
                                 Coín. You can also get to the town taking the N-      rest of the faithful. There are only four churches     Trinitarians and later by the Franciscan Order. The
                                 340. Halfway from Málaga to Torremolinos, you'll      boasting this floor plan in Andalusia. The church's    latter left the site after the Mendizábal confiscation,
                                 find the exit onto the A-366, which first passes      Mudéjar coffered ceiling and stained glass             in the first half of the nineteenth century.
                                 through Churriana, Alhaurín de la Torre and           windows are especially valuable works, as are its
                                 Alhaurín el Grande before getting to Coín.            cloister and its unusual eighteenth-century three-     The Archaeological Hall in the Church of La
                                                                                       level façade with belfry, a construction that stands   Encarnación (Plaza de Santa María; tel.: (+34)
                                 The other two roads to reach Coín can be              out for its unique beauty.                             952 453 211) houses more than 59 pieces from
                                 accessed from the Mediterráneo expressway,                                                                   the prehistory and early history of the district.
                                 also known as N-340. Near Benalmádena, take           Completed in the middle of the sixteenth century,
                                 the A-368 and passing through Mijas, take the A-      San Juan is a good example of the typical              FIESTAS
                                 387 towards Alhaurín el Grande, and then the          Renaissance churches in Andalusia. This                In Coín, May has a pervasive festive flavour. In
                                 A-366 which leads to Coín. Finally, from              building mixes classical, Gothic and Mudéjar           early May, the district celebrates Orange Day as
                                 Fuengirola take the A-387 towards Mijas, and          furnishings that live together in harmony.             a tribute to the fruit the district is famous for. The day
                                 from this town follow the directions described        However, the Baroque style has ruled since the         is, in addition, a showcase of local and regional
                                 above.                                                renovation work done in the eighteenth century.        products and branches out into enormously popular
                                                                                       In the interior are a remarkable Mudéjar coffered      entertainment events. On May 3 the Day of the
                                 WHAT TO SEE                                           ceiling and two sculptures, one of Our Lady of         Cross is held. This day the village's streets are
                                 Coín's historic and artistic heritage focuses         the Angels, from the sixteenth and the other of        beautifully decorated, the traditional "May Crosses"
                                 mainly on its religious architecture. The town the    Our Lady of Fuensanta, patroness of Coín. The          are set and the procession of the Christ of
                                 seat of one of the vicariates into which the          latter is a late Gothic work only 11 cm tall, dating   Forgiveness and the True Cross takes place.
                                 Bishopric of Málaga was divided, with jurisdiction    back from the late fifteenth century. They say it
                                 over 14 villages in the province. The importance      was brought to the village by the Christians that      One of this area's most popular pilgrimages is

                                 of Coín in the religious scenario is marked by the    captured the village in the fifteenth century.         the one devoted to Virgin of Fuensanta, the local

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                                 patroness, held in the first week of June. Local
                                 people have a deep devotion to this Virgin of
                                 diminutive size -the statue is only 11 cm in
                                 height-. The Virgin is carried to her Chapel a
                                 month earlier. The villagers, many of them on
                                 carriages or on horseback, arrive on Saturday to
                                 spend the night there and return the next day to
                                 the San Juan church with the Virgin on the float
                                 that has won the prize in the competition held previously.

                                 In late July, the local Council organises the
                                 Popular Dance Festival on the Alameda. Every
                                 year, local groups and others coming from
                                 different countries participate so that the event
                                 boasts a variety of sounds and rhythms. And in
                                 late July or early August, the Cante Flamenco
                                 Festival kicks off, with performances by the
                                 most gifted artist.                                          Week begins on Palm Sunday with Jesus                      is an anonymous sixteenth-century romance. With
                                                                                              entering Jerusalem on a young donkey. On                   a happy ending, the poem tells the complicated
                                 In 1765, King Charles III granted Coín "the                  Maundy Thursday two eighteenth-century                     story of a Moorish man and a Christian woman who
                                 privilege to hold a four-day fair, from 10 to 14             images of Jesus of Nazareth and the Virgin of              are in love in a period of not-so-easy relations
                                 August." The monarch was referring to an                     Sorrows are carried through the streets. On                between their respective communities. The brave
                                 agricultural fair aimed at fostering the economy,            Good Friday the Crucified Christ, the Sepulchre            Abindarráez was coming to visit the beautiful Jarifa
                                 but today this goal only appears in the archives of          and the Virgin of Sorrows are taken in a                   when a Castilian knight arrested him. Most
                                 history, since this district's fair shows the same           procession. The last procession, devoted to the            probably, the knight was concerned about amorous
                                 features as does any other Andalusian district:              Resurrected Christ, is held on Easter Sunday.              feelings more than about war issues, since once he
                                 fun and frolic, singing, dancing, horses, and good                                                                      learned of the Moor's love, he allowed the latter to
                                 food and wine.                                               FOOD                                                       go and see his Jarifa for the last time. The Moor
                                                                                              Sopa cachorreña (a soup made with bitter                   promised to come back to prison once the visit was
                                 In Coín they love horses, and this can be seen in            oranges), different stews, gazpachuelo (a kind of          over, and he did return. When the knight realised
                                 the local Horse Show, held on 27 October, when               soup), pepper and tomato soup, mojete (a                   that the prisoner had honoured his promise, he set
                                 highly decorated horses parade along the village             spiced potato dish) are the most traditional               him free. The following are some lines in the poem:
                                 streets, and then everybody gathers at the                   dishes in Coín, with gazpacho (a cold soup), of
                                 fairgrounds where horsemen and non-horsemen                  course, as in any other place in Andalusia.                           "En Cártama me he criado
                                 alike sample the traditional local products.                 Baked sweet potatoes, gachas con arrope,                               nací en Granada primero
                                 Coín's Holy Week is one of the most deeply                   rosquillas, raisins in raw brandy and fig rolls are                    mas fui de Álora frontero
                                 rooted in tradition in the province of Málaga, and           the best samples of this district's sweets and desserts.                y en Coín enamorado"
                                 even has a live enactment of the Passion. The
                                 unfortunate events of 1936, however, changed                 LEGENDS                                                    (In Cártama I was raised/ But in Granada I was
                                 this tradition dramatically, and it wasn't until the         "La historia de Abindarráez y la Hermosa Jarifa"            born/ To the border with Álora I was sent/ And

                                 90's that it made its comeback. At present, Easter           (The Story of Abindarráez and the Beautiful Jarifa),                     in Coín I fell in love).

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                     index. Estepona
            Málaga, Sun and Culture

             .  THEATRES
          Estepona Exhibition and Conference Centre          page 72

     Exhibition Hall - House of Culture                      page 73

70               Index                 Málaga, Sun and Culture         71
                                            e   STEPONA EXHIBITION AND CONFERENCE CENTRE Estepona                                                      e   XHIBITION HALL - HOUSE OF CULTURE                                             Estepona

                                                                                                  USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                      USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                                  Address: Ctra. Cádiz - Málaga, Km. 156                                                                  Address: Plaza de las Flores
                                                                                                  29680 Estepona                                                                                          29680 Estepona
                                                                                                  Tel.: (+34) 952 803 512                                                                                 Tel.: (+34) 952 790 500
                                                                                                  Fax: (+34) 952 803 861                                                                                  Fax: (+34) 952 793 434
Estepona Exhibition and Conference Centre

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Exhibition Hall - House of Culture
                                                         The local Exhibition and Conference   - Landscaped area covering nearly 15,000 sq m,                      Located in downtown Estepona, the
                                            Centre is 30 min. away from Marbella, one hour     with heliport and parking with a vehicle capacity       exhibition hall at the House of Culture runs art
                                            from Málaga Airport and 30 min. from Gibraltar     of 300                                                  exhibitions and arts & crafts shows all the year
                                            Airport, La Línea and Algeciras. It can be         - Multi-purpose pavilion, with a surface area of        round, both of local or foreign artists and
                                            accessed on motorway N-340, Km. 156, taking        3,000 sq m                                              craftspeople.
                                            the first exit from highway to Estepona, towards   - Lecture hall, 500 sq m, with an audience
                                            Málaga-Cádiz.                                      capacity of 220                                         Opening hours: from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m., and
                                                                                               - Meeting room, 300 sq m, with a capacity of 140        from 5:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.
                                            The premises can be used to hold a wide variety    - Assembly hall covering 100 sq m, with a
                                            of events, such as trade shows, workshops,         capacity of 50
                                            exhibitions, conventions, meetings, product        - Common area including coffeehouse, offices,

                                            presentations, performances, theatre plays,        toilets, lounge, catering area and 24-h interior
                                            fashion shows, concerts…                           and exterior security surveillance

                                            The Exhibition and Conference Centre covers a      All halls and rooms have audiovisual devices,
                                            surface area of 21,000 sq m and features the       office equipment, lighting system, storing facilities
                                            following facilities:                              and sign writing services.


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                                     USEFUL INFORMATION

                                     Surface area: 136.80 km2.
                                     Population: Around 50,000.
                                     Name given to the local people: Esteponeros.
                                     Location: On the western part of the Costa del
                                     Sol. The district borders the region of Ronda to
                                     the north and the urban area is on the coast.
                                     Average annual rainfall is 900 l/m2 and the
                                     average annual temperature is 17º C.
                                     What to see: Church of Nuestra Señora de los
                                     Remedios (Our Lady of Good Remedy), Torre del
                                     Reloj (clock tower), Calvario chapel, the Castle
                                     walls, Marqués de Mondéjar Palace, Casa de la
                                     Borrega, watchtowers, Ethnography Museum,
                                     Bullfighting Museum, Palaontology Museum,
                                     Archaeology Museum.
                                     Tourist Information:
                                     Town Hall,
                                     Plaza de Blas Infante, 1 (29680).
                                     Tel.: 952 801 100.
                                     Fax: 952 793 977.
                                     Tourist Office,
                                      Avenida de San Lorenzo, 1.
                                     Tel.: 952 802 002.
                                      Fax: 952 792 181.


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                                                                      The district of Estepona is almost entirely in   settlement of Saldaba (whereas others believe it
                                                                the shadow of the majestic Sierra Bermeja, a           was in Marbella), and some even cite Cilciana
                                                                mountain range with huge volcanic rocks that           as the town's origin. Anyways, on El Torreón hill,
                                                                contain peridotite, a mineral rich in iron oxide       ruins were found that may well be part of this
                                                                that tinges the land with a reddish hue. Here you      ancient settlement.
                                                                will find Los Reales de Sierra Bermeja Natural
                                                                Area, with the highest peak reaching 1,449 m           However, it is known that the town was besieged
                                                                and the largest masses of peridotite in southern       by Lucius Marcius because its residents had
                                                                Europe. This area, covering a surface area of          remained loyal to the Carthaginians until it fell to
                                                                1,236 hectares, contains the only Spanish fir          the Romans in 208 B.C. Later, and after the
                                                                forest that grows on this type of rock.                usual clashes between Muslims and Christians -
                                                                                                                       Alfonso XI won a historic battle near Estepona in
                                                                Thus, the area is extraordinarily important in         1342, crushing the resurgent Moors- the town
                                                                ecological terms, with a spectacular landscape         was conquered by Henry IV, under whose rule
                                                                and monumental peaks that offer breathtaking           the San Luis Castle was built. The ruins of this
                                                                views over the coast. From the mountains, you          castle can still be seen today in Castillo Street.
                                                                can see as far as the Atlas Mountains, in Africa.
                                                                                                                       The town was subject to the jurisdiction of
                                                                In the lower parts, the water that flows down          Marbella until 1729, when Phillip V granted its
                                                                through the mountains feeds into short rivers          independence by means of a carta de villazgo
                                                                to the east (Padrón, Castor and Velerín) on            (town charter), which is kept in the town
                                                                whose banks there are orchards of citrus and           archives.
                                                                other fruit trees. To the west, there are some
                                                                fruit trees, cropland, low mountains and               HOW TO GET THERE
                                                                pasturelands, in sharp contrast with the               Since it is on the western tip of the Costa del
                                                                coastal strip, where, in addition to the town,         Sol, Estepona can be easily reached from the
                                                                you will also find many residential areas, since       AP-7 motorway or the N-340 coastal road: just
                                                                Estepona is a top tourist destination.                 follow the signs.

                                                                However, the town has attempted to avoid falling       WHAT TO SEE
                                                                into the trap of creating a giant urban sprawl and     Of particular note is the Virgen de los
                                                                so there are still large green areas in between        Remedios Church, in the Plaza de San
                                                                heavily built-up areas, and even these offer           Francisco. Its large tower has four levels and
                                                                some open spaces. The excellent urban                  the uppermost is crowned by a roof with
                                                                development planning led the town to be                ceramic tiles in two different colours, which can
                                                                granted the "Live in Spain-CISA 2004" award.           be seen from anywhere in the town. It was built
                                                                                                                       in the eighteenth century and initially was part
                                                                The town's origins are uncertain, but it seems         of the Franciscan monastery that was later

                                                                that the Phoenicians settled here and turned it        dismantled, like so many other religious
                                                                into a trade centre which they named Astapa.           buildings in Spain after the anticlerical
                                                                Some historians link Estepona with the Iberian         measures applied in 1835. Its interior is divided

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                                     into three vaulted naves and a transept with a
                                     dome, and its façade has a beautiful stone
                                     Rococo entrance incorporating some features
                                     that recall late Latin American Baroque style.

                                     The Torre del Reloj (Clock Tower) was part of a
                                     former parish church that was built in the last third
                                     of the fifteenth century. It underwent extensive
                                     restoration in the nineteenth century following the
                                     Classical style and some of the decorative
                                     features are even Baroque, a style that has been
                                     popular in Andalusia since its inception. El
                                     Calvario (Calvary) Chapel, like the Virgen de los
                                     Remedios (Our Lady of Good Remedy) Church,
                                     also dates back to the eighteenth century. From
                                     an architectural point of view, it is a very simple
                                     little building with a square floor plan.

                                     The walls of the fifteenth-century Castle and the
                                     ruins of El Nicio Castle in the area of El Padrón
                                     are more important for their historical rather
                                     than their architectural value, since only some
                                     remains have been preserved. Only part of the
                                     walls and several towers are still standing
                                     today, but this ninth-century fortress played an
                                     important role in Omar Ben Hafsum's rebellion
                                     against the Caliphate of Córdoba. There are             museums here. The Ethnography Museum at                    close by, from the Palaeolithic period up until the
                                     also several stately homes or palaces from the          the Bullring has an interesting collection of              fifteenth century. These two museums are also
                                     eighteenth century, such as the palace of the           utensils and tools used for fishing and farming,           housed within the Bullring.
                                     Marquis of Mondéjar and the Casa de la Borrega.         activities that are still carried out in the town today.
                                     On the way into and out of Estepona, along the          The Antonio Ordóñez Bullfighting Museum, also              The country is reflected in the festivities
                                     coast, you will see a series of watchtowers that        in the Bullring, has a collection of photographs,          honouring San Isidro Labrador (Saint Isidore
                                     were built in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries,    posters and costumes that once belonged to                 the Farmer, 15 May) when an image of the
                                     primarily for defence against Berber pirate             very famous bullfighters. The Paleontology                 Saint is carried through the town in a
                                     attacks, which were so frequent at that time.           Museum has a collection of fossils from the                procession. The major fiestas take place in the
                                     There are a total of seven Muslim and Castilian         Pliocene epoch (some four million years ago)               first week of July, and are now held at the
                                     towers along 21 km of coastline.                        that have been found in Estepona. It contains              fairground and in the town centre. A few days

                                       If visitors have enough time during their stay in     more than 2,000 fossils representing 600                   later, on 16 July, the locals show their devotion
                                     Estepona, they can explore the town's long              species. The Archaeology Museum has a                      to the Virgen del Carmen in a moving
                                     history and traditions by visiting the four             collection of objects from all archaeological sites        procession that pays tribute to the sea, a

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                                     tradition seen all along the coast of Málaga. Fire
                                     is at the centre of the fiesta held on the night of
                                     St John, when the júas (figures of Judas) are
                                     burned in several places around the district.

                                     Traditional local cuisine has been expanded on
                                     as a result of the huge influx of tourists into the
                                     area, so much so that almost every restaurant
                                     now offers international cuisine. However,
                                     Estepona's seafaring tradition has not only
                                     survived but, precisely because of tourism, has
                                     been given a boost, and the delicious pescaíto
                                     frito (small fried fish) is one of the most typical
                                     dishes here.

                                     The tourism boom that Estepona has
                                     experienced in recent decades resulted in the
                                     creation of a number of high quality leisure
                                     centres that are top tourist attractions in the area.
                                     Mention should be made of the Escuela de Arte
                                     Ecuestre Costa del Sol (Costa del Sol School of
                                     Equestrian Arts), which puts on nice horse shows.
                                     The recently constructed Palacio de Congresos y
                                     Exposiciones (Convention and Exhibition Centre),
                                     which can hold up to 2,500 people, has hosted a wide
                                     range of different activities since it was first opened.

                                     The local marina offers the usual water sports as
                                     well as a very lively late night scene, with
                                     restaurants, bars and nightclubs.

                                     Selwo Aventura (Autovía Costa del Sol, Km.
                                     162.5; Tel.: 902 190 482) is one of the largest and
                                     most interesting parks of its kind in Europe.
                                     Visitors can see over 2,000 animals from the five
                                     continents, living in a semi-wild environment, in

                                     an area that covers more than a million square
                                     metres. The park offers a tour by jeep and there
                                     is also an ethnic village with huts where you can
                                     spend the night.

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                    index. Frigiliana
              Málaga, Sun and Culture

       "Casa de Aperos" Cultural Centre              page 84
     Krabbe Art Gallery                              page 85

82              Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture      83
                                 c   ASA DE APEROS CULTURAL CENTRE                                                          Frigiliana         k   RABBE ART GALLERY                                                            Frigiliana

                                                                                            USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                       USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                            Address: Cuesta de Aperos, 10                                                                            Address: C/ Rosarico "La Joaquín," 12
                                                                                            29788 Frigiliana                                                                                         29788 Frigiliana
                                                                                            Tel.: (+34) 952 534 261                                                                                  Tel.: (+34) 952 534 214
Casa de Aperos Cultural Centre

                                           The building of the "Casa de Aperos"           collection is that coming from the excavations in                 Krabbe Art Gallery was founded by
                                 Cultural Centre, in Frigiliana, is part of the           the Cortijo de las Sombras necropolis. Currently,    Dorthe and Caroline Krabbe, mother and
                                 complex that makes up the Condes de Frigiliana           the museum building is being extended.               daughter, both from Denmark, who have been

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Krabbe Art Gallery
                                 Palace.                                                                                                       living in Spain since 1981. For several years, they
                                                                                                                                               had been looking forward to opening an art
                                 It's a 2-floor brick-and-mortar building boasting                                                             gallery, when two garages appeared at the right
                                 considerable beauty and historic value, a good                                                                time and place. Three months later, following
                                 example of the architectural style from late                                                                  renovation work, the garages opened their doors
                                 sixteenth or early seventeenth centuries. Easily                                                              to the public transformed into art gallery, on 12
                                 accessed, it has a big parking area.                                                                          June 2004. The first art show exhibited paintings
                                                                                                                                               and sculptures, the exhibit being named "Arte

                                 Its facilities are:                                                                                           Contemporáneo Andaluz" or Andalusian
                                                                                                                                               Contemporary Art. Visitors were able to enjoy the
                                 . Hall to show temporary and travelling                                                                       interesting variety of works of art and meet the
                                 exhibitions. It's also used to host different cultural                                                        artists in the charming village of Frigiliana.
                                 activities such as courses, meetings, concerts,                                                               Caroline Krabbe is the manager and Dorthe is a
                                 film screenings, and others.                                                                                  ceramist and the art gallery's director.

                                 . Frigiliana Archaeological Museum. It takes
                                 visitors to the oldest days of Frigiliana. The star

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                                                                                                                            TOURIST BOARD &

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                                       USEFUL INFORMATION

                                       Surface area: 40 km2.
                                       Population: Around 2,834.
                                       Name given to the local people: Frigilianenses.
                                       Nickname: Aguanosos.
                                       Location: Eastern part of the Axarquía region, at
                                       the foothills of the Sierra de Almijara range. The
                                       village is more than 430 m above sea level, 56 km
                                       from the capital of the province, and only 6 km
                                       from Nerja. The average annual rainfall of the
                                       area is around 600 l/m2, and the average annual
                                       temperature, 18° C.
                                       What to see: St. Anthony's Church, old public
                                       granary, Palace of the Counts of Frigiliana, Ecce
                                       Homo Chapel, De Lizar Castle Walls, Del Apero
                                       Palace, menhir (Argaric culture), Phoenician
                                       Tourist Information:
                                       Town Hall, C/ Real, 80 (29788).
                                       Tel.: (+34) 534 261.
                                       Fax: (+34) 952 533 434.


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                                            Part of the district of Frigiliana sits on the
                                       southern slope of the Sierra de Almijara range.
                                       This area shows a more complex relief, rich in
                                       contrasts, with peaks not as high as the
                                       mountains but well over 1,000 m high, as the
                                       Sierra de Enmedio range (1,164 m), or very near
                                       that height, such as El Fuerte peak (976 m).

                                       The Chíllar River marks the boundary between
                                       the districts of Frigiliana and Nerja, and its
                                       tributary, the Higuerón River, at the so called
                                       Gorges of the Higuerón River, gives these lands
                                       one of the most beautiful natural spots of the
                                       area, which together with the cliffs and gorges of
                                       the Chíllar, make up a truly astonishing
                                       landscape. The terraced market gardens that go
                                       down from the village towards the coastal area,
                                       between the dazzling white of the houses and the
                                       deep blue of the Mediterranean, is another
                                       characteristic feature of the area that will remain
                                       in the visitors' memory for a long time.

                                       It's more than likely that travellers coming to
                                       Frigiliana for the first time have a preconceived
                                       idea of the village, because many clichés usually
                                       used to describe the typical Andalusian mountain
                                       village overlooking the sea have been used to
                                       depict it. In this case, however, all the clichés are
                                       true, but are overridden by an unutterable              offer the visitor a mixture of different aromas of    days. And very near the village, at Cerrillo de
                                       sensation, which is as difficult to explain as it is    unknown origin, ancient history in modern             las Sombras, there's a necropolis that dates
                                       easy to perceive, and which perhaps can only be         whitewash. And once out of the cosiness of the        from Phoenician times (seventh and sixth
                                       described as sheer fascination.                         narrow streets, there's the wideness of a             centuries B.C.).
                                                                                               superb landscape on the eastern Costa del Sol.
                                       The old part of the village of Frigiliana is                                                                  The Romans settled here in 206 B.C. through
                                       considered one of the best preserved in the             The remains found in 1987 in the De los               treaties with the native population, and Frigiliana
                                       province, as it keeps its original Moorish plan. Its    Murciélagos Cave show the presence of man in          became part of Conventus de Gades. The name
                                       chaotic layout -chaotic from a twenty-first             this territory from the end of the Neolithic period   of the village is of Roman origins and derives
                                       century point of view- keeps the visitors in            (3000 B.C.) until the Chalcolithic period or          from Frexinius (maybe some local character we

                                       constant amazement. Unexpected architectural            Copper Age (2000 B.C.). From the Argaric              know nothing about) plus the suffix -ana, which
                                       features and streets, alleys, passages, stairs,         culture that came later there is a menhir that        in Spanish indicates origin and property, that is,
                                       flowers and plants in the most unlikely places          shows that man also roamed the area in those          place or village of Frexinius.

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                                                                                                                                                                                             TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                                CONVENTION BUREAU
                                       Since the arrival of the Moors to the Iberian          From that date on, until the nineteenth century,             old part of town. It has been turned into private
                                       Peninsula, in 711, until the end of the ninth          Frigiliana suffered misfortune after misfortune -            housing, and only the arcades of the main
                                       century, when the fortress was built, very little is   either a plague decimating the population, or a              façade of the old building remain. The Palace of
                                       known of the history of Frigiliana, except that it     storm destroying the crops, or an earthquake, or the         the Counts of Frigiliana is an old mansion of the
                                       was under the leadership of Umar ibn Hafsun            phylloxera infesting the grapevines, or an outbreak          sixteenth century that was later turned into a
                                       and that from the thirteenth to the fifteenth          of yellow fever that ravaged the population. It was          sugar mill. It was built in Renaissance style, and
                                       century, it belonged to the Nasrid kingdom. The        only with the arrival of tourism that Frigiliana, like the   takes up an area of 2,000 m2. The ashlars of the
                                       village surrendered to Christian troops in 1485,       rest of the Costa del Sol, entered a booming era.            façade belonged to the pulled-down Arabian
                                       without any bloodshed.                                                                                              castle of the area.
                                                                                              HOW TO GET THERE
                                       But little by little, the Moors were stripped of the   Take the Autovía del Mediterráneo (A-7; N-340)               As the sugar mill is concerned, it's worth
                                       few rights they had been left (they farmed the         towards Motril, and before getting to Nerja, take            mentioning that for many years, the Axarquía
                                       worst lands, were forbidden to speak or write in       the MA-105, which leads straight to Frigiliana.              region based its economy on sugar production,
                                       their language and wear their customary                                                                             which today has been replaced in part by
                                       clothes). Then the Moorish uprising in Las             WHAT TO SEE                                                  tropical fruit growing. The sugar mill was the
                                       Alpujarras took place, which was brutally              The old part of town, as we have already                     place where sugar cane was transformed into a
                                       crushed by the Christians. The Moors of the            mentioned, is a gift to the eye that no one should           readily edible product.
                                       Axarquía and Montes de Málaga regions,                 miss. Perhaps tourism, especially in high season
                                       waiting for the help promised by Aben Humeya           (from July to September), mars the enjoyment of              The Ecce Homo or Santo Cristo de la Caña
                                       (Umayyad) from Las Alpujarras and also from            the many singularities of this village, but it's the price   (Holy Christ of the Cane) Chapel dates from
                                       the north of Africa, took shelter in the peak          one has to pay when tourists flock to a place. This          the eighteenth century. It's a very simple
                                       called El Fuerte (the fort), where approximately       doesn't mean that the village is just a display for          building with a single nave accessible through
                                       7,000 of them gathered.                                visitors. On the contrary, it's a living town that was       an atrium with a semicircular arch. In the upper
                                                                                              destined to share its peculiarities with people from         part of town, fragments of the walls of the
                                       On May 28, 1569, the mayor of Vélez launched           all over the world, and still admirably preserves its        ninth-century Lizar Castle still stand. The
                                       the first assault with the unfortunate outcome of      cultural and historical heritage for those who know          entrance ramp to the fortress can also be
                                       20 dead and 150 wounded among the Christians.          how to find it.                                              seen. The Del Apero Palace (seventeenth
                                       Just at that time, 25 galleys of the Spanish tercios                                                                century) used to be linked to the sugar mill,
                                       of Italy were sailing the Mediterranean, and Vélez     St. Anthony's Church is the most important religious         though its original function was to serve as
                                       asked their help to crush the rebels of Frigiliana.    building of Frigiliana. It was built in the seventeenth      barn, stables, and farming tool storehouse. It
                                       This time, 6,000 men fought the Moors, who in          century and renovated in the eighteenth. It has              has a rectangular floor plan and its rooms are
                                       spite of their fierce resistance, were defeated on     three naves separated by pilasters, covered by a             placed around an internal patio. It houses the
                                       June 11, 1569. There were 2,000 dead among the         wooden framework. The transept is higher thanks              Archaeological Museum, which displays a
                                       Moors, and 3,000 were taken prisoners (2,000           to a lanterned dome. The temple houses an                    series of Iberian-Phoenician tombs, among
                                       ran away). On the Christian side, 400 soldiers         eighteenth-century statue of St. Anthony carved in           other artefacts.
                                       died and 800 were injured.                             polychromatic wood. On the outside, the church
                                                                                              has a simple brick façade with a semicircular arch           Of the archaeological sites of Frigiliana, the
                                       The battle of Peñón de Frigiliana has been             and a three-level bell tower.                                aforementioned menhir, from the Argaric culture

                                       represented as a blind's man ballad on glazed                                                                       (1500 B.C.), located at the Mudéjar quarter, and
                                       ceramic panels created by Amparo Ruiz de Luna,         The royal silo of the old granaries is a building            the Phoenician necropolis, at Cerrillo de las
                                       which can be seen in several parts of town.            dating from the eighteenth century located in the            Sombras, are the most important.

 90          Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                      Frigiliana                             Index                     Málaga, Sun and Culture                              91
                                                                                                                                                               TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                              CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                              August, congregates numerous national and
                                       FIESTAS                                                international folk groups who show their
                                       The patron celebrations in homage to St.               traditional dances at the village sports centre. At
                                       Sebastian take place at the beginning of the year,     the beginning of September, the candle
                                       on January 20, but since 1967 they have been           celebrations (Candelarias), bring old music to
                                       reduced to their religious character: a Mass and a     the beat of the zambombas and the almireces
                                       procession with the images of St. Sebastian, St.       (traditional percussion instruments).
                                       Anthony of Padua, and St. Anthony Abbot, as the
                                       popular celebrations have been transferred to St.      FOOD
                                       Anthony of Padua's Day, June 13, due to the            Being so close to the coast and welcoming such
                                       weather conditions at that time of year. In            large numbers of visitors resulted in the village
                                       February, during carnival time, there are theatrical   cuisine including international dishes in addition
                                       and musical performances, and a night party is         to local specialties. The latter include kid served
                                       organised.                                             with different sauces, ajocolorao (a kind of
                                                                                              soup), flour migas (a dish based on flour, water,
                                       The most important day of the Holy Week is Good        oil and garlic), and Holy Week stews, made with
                                       Friday, when the Parish Church stages Jesus'           cod. These dishes, together with egg and flour
                                       death and his taking down from the cross, after        omelettes dipped in sugar-cane syrup (a highly
                                       which the procession of the Holy Sepulchre takes       appreciated product in the area), make up the
                                       to the streets. However, the procession of the         most typical cuisine of Frigiliana.
                                       Virgin of Solitude is the most solemn -the streets
                                       are lighted by the candles carried by women,           Arropía and marcochas, whose main ingredient
                                       which gives the town an unusual appearance.            is golden syrup, are the most traditional sweet
                                                                                              dishes of the district, where sweet potato with
                                       May 1 is the Day of the Horse, and the                 sugar-cane syrup is also very popular. According
                                       celebrations take place at the Cañada del Ingenio      to some historians, the muscatel wine produced
                                       dell, where people try the typical foodstuffs of the   in Frigiliana is famous since Roman times, no less!
                                       area, and afterwards attend a horse taming
                                       exhibition. Two days after that, the villagers
                                       gather flowers, food and drink in preparation for
                                       May Crosses celebration, in which religious,
                                       culinary and folkloric traditions are combined to
                                       make a big popular night party at the Church's

                                       On June 13, St. Anthony of Padua's Day, a
                                       pilgrimage is organised. The image of the Saint is
                                       taken on an oxcart to Pozo Viejo, a place by the

                                       Higuerón River, where the pilgrims gather to have
                                       a picnic in the coolness of the shady pines. The
                                       popular dancing contest, at the beginning of

 92          Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                     Frigiliana                       Index     Málaga, Sun and Culture                   93
                                                              c  INESUR MIRAMAR                                                            Fuengirola

                                       TOURIST BOARD &
                                      CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                                  USEFUL INFORMATION

                index. Fuengirola
              Málaga, Sun and Culture
                                                                                                                  Address: Avda. de la Encarnación, s/n
                                                                                                                  Opposite Sohail Castle. Parque Miramar
                                                                                                                  29640 Fuengirola
                                                                                                                  Tel.: 902 504 150 (only from Spain)
                                                                                                                        (+34) 952 198 600

               .    CINEMAS
            Cinesur Miramar                        page 95
                                                              DESCRIPTION                                    SERVICES
          Alfil Cineplex
                                                   page 96
            THEATRES                                          Surround sound Dolby Digital Surround EX       Audience Day: Wednesday
                                                              Big screens                                    Disabled access
       Palacio de la Paz                           page 97

                                                                                                                                                           Cinesur Miramar
                                                              Wide ergonomic seats                           Films in original version
      Salón Varietés Theatre                       page 98    Tiered seats                                   Air conditioning
                                                              Number of screens: 12                          Buffet

                                                              Total audience capacity: 2,020                 Children's seats
                                                                                                             Discount to people over 65
                                                                                                             Student card
     Fuengirola House of Culture                   page 99
                                                                                                             Youth card
     Sohail Castle

                                                   page 100                                                  Parking
     Colectivo Imagen                              page 101                                                  Morning show
                                                                                                             Late show
      RU-H Contemporary Art Gallery                page 102
                                                                                                             Advance ticket sales
                                                                                                             Online ticket sales
                                                                                                             Ticket sales by phone

                                                                                                             Venue hire
                                                                                                             Tiered seats

94                                                                                                   Index                 Málaga, Sun and Culture         95
                 a    LFIL CINEPLEX                                            Fuengirola           p    ALACIO DE LA PAZ                                                            Fuengirola

                                                  USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                       USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                  Address: C/ Camilo José Cela, s/n                                                                        Address: Recinto Ferial, s/n
                                                  29640 Fuengirola                                                                                         Tel.: (+34) 952 585 836
                                                  Tel.: (+34) 952 593 587
                                                        902 221 622 (only from Spain)

                                                                                                                Recently opened, this is a new
                                                                                                    cultural centre, located in the fairground. It has a
                 Audience Day: Wednesday
                                                                                                    total audience capacity of 800. The building
                 Couple Day: Thursday
                                                                                                    design makes it perfect for any cultural activity

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Palacio de la Paz
                 Number of screens: 8
                                                                                                    one can think of. It has all the necessary stage
                 Total audience capacity: 1,125
Alfil Cineplex

                                                                                                    equipments, sound and lighting systems to
                                                                                                    feature different audiovisual shows. It is used
                                                                                                    mainly to host big exhibitions, trade shows and

                                                                                                    Jointly with the permanent fairground premises,

                                                                                                    in April every year the Peoples' International Fair
                                                                                                    takes place, in which folklore and food from the
                                                                                                    five continents find their special space. This event
                                                                                                    has become the biggest cultural fair of Spain,
                                                                                                    since it draws in around one thousand artists and

                                                                                                    800,000 visitors.

  96             Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                      Fuengirola                        Index              Málaga, Sun and Culture        97
                         s  ALÓN VARIETÉS THEATRE                                                         Fuengirola           fUENGIROLA HOUSE OF CULTURE                                                  Fuengirola

                                                                              USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                    USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                              Address: C/ Emancipación, s/n                                                                         Address: Avda. Juan Gómez "Juanito," 12
                                                                              29640 Fuengirola                                                                                      29640 Fuengirola
                                                                              Tel.: (+34) 952 474 542                                                                               Tel.: (+34) 952 599 349 / 952 589 349
                                                                              Fax: (+34) 952 463 659                                                                                Fax: (+34) 952 589 357

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Fuengirola House of Culture
                                     The Salón Varietés Theatre is a                                                                      The site is part of the Fuengirola
                         space that offers concerts and plays in English.                                                      Town Hall. It organises different cultural events,
Salón Varietés Theatre

                         The edifice was built in 1925 and was converted                                                       such as exhibitions, training courses and
                         into a cinema theatre in 1956. Further renovation                                                     workshops, music concerts and poetry recitals.
                         works transformed it into a theatre featuring
                         tragedies, comedies, jazz concerts and ballet                                                         It is busy all the year round, offering art shows,
                         performances -once in a while, it offers Spanish                                                      theatre plays, music concerts and dance
                         classical dance shows.                                                                                performances.

                         At present, the theatre gets support from an
                         association of friends (FOTA) whose members

                         are mostly out-of-town people; lately, however,
                         many Spanish citizens have joined the group.

                         This theatre, located in a square in the centre of
                         Fuengirola, has turned its terrace into a singular

                         meeting point on the Costa del Sol.

   98                    Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                        Fuengirola                        Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture           99
                s  OHAIL CASTLE                                                                 Fuengirola           c  OLECTIVO IMAGEN                                                      Fuengirola

                                                                    USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                              USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                    Address: Ctra. N-340 towards Marbella                                                           Address: Puebla Lucía - C/ Maestra Ángeles
                                                                    29640 Fuengirola                                                                                Azpiazu, s/n
                                                                    Tel.: (+34) 952 589 349                                                                         29640 Fuengirola

                           Old fortress that has been renovated                                                                 Opening hours: Mon, Wed, and Fri,
                to be used as a space to host music shows.                                                           from 8:30 p.m. to 10:30 p.m.

                The auditorium at this Islamic castle offers all

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Colectivo Imagen
                types of cultural events in a magnificent
Sohail Castle

                environment, from music performances to theatre
                plays, dance festivals, and more.

                In the summer, it hosts the "Ciudad de
                Fuengirola" International Dance & Music Festival,
                a huge Medieval market and the "Tapeo" Fair.



  100           Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                      Fuengirola                   Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture              101
                                r U-H CONTEMPORARY ART GALLERY
                                    H                                                                          Fuengirola                                           TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                   CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                    USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                    Address: C/ del Castillo, 5
                                                                                    29640 Fuengirola
                                                                                    Tel.: (+34) 952 474 982
RU-H Contemporary Art Gallery

                                            The RU-H aims at showcasing and
                                trading contemporary artworks, with a single idea
                                in mind: "We bet on quality contemporary arts,
                                beyond any 'isms'."
.  H


     102                        Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                             Fuengirola   Index   Málaga, Sun and Culture         103
                                                                                                                                                             TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                            CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                 Given the size of its population and its
                                                           Fuengirola                       popularity with tourists, it is almost paradoxical
                                                                                            that Fuengirola only covers an area of 10 km2,
                                       USEFUL INFORMATION                                   when it also has an 8-km beach. The paradox
                                                                                            might be explained by the fact that when the
                                       Surface area: 10.20 km2.                             land was first divided up, no one could have
                                       Population: Around 60,000.                           foreseen that the tourist boom of the twentieth
                                       Name given to the local people: Fuengiroleños        century would shatter not only the government-
                                       Location: On the western tip of the Costa del Sol,   imposed boundaries, but even more so, the
                                       bordering the towns of Mijas and Benalmádena.        nineteenth century notion of natural urban
                                       The city is 27 km from Málaga and 8 km from          development.
                                       Mijas. Average annual rainfall is 570 l/m2 and the
                                       average annual temperature is 18º C.                 With its own boundaries overrun by a formidable
                                       What to see: Sohail Castle, archaeological site at   increase in travellers' flow, the city has had to
                                       Suel, Finca de Acevedo and Finca de Secretario,      expand towards the neighbouring town of Mijas,
                                       City History Museum.                                 with the curious result that half of a particular
                                       Tourist Information:                                 street belongs to Fuengirola and the other half to
                                       Tourist Office,                                      Mijas. Historical records show that Phoenician
                                       Avda. Jesús Santos Rein, 6 (29640).                  settlers founded Fuengirola, although it seems
                                        Tel.: (+34) 952 467 457                             probable that several Iberian tribes had also
                                       . Fax: (+34) 952 465 100.                            been present in this enclave, which sits halfway
                                                                                            between Cádiz and Málaga. The Phoenicians
                                                                                            set up a salted fish trading post at a place they
                                                                                            called Suel, and from there they traded with
                                                                                            other Mediterranean cities. The Romans made
                                                                                            Suel a federated town, which was assigned by
                                                                                            Augustus to the conventus of Gades (Cádiz). It
                                                                                            is believed that in those times there was a very
                                                                                            powerful oligarchy in place here and that the
                                                                                            inhabitants worshipped Neptune.

                                                                                            There are hardly any records of the Visigoth era,
                                                                                            but we do know a lot about the Muslim period.
                                                                                            During the caliphate of Abd-ar-Rahman III, the
                                                                                            castle in the western part of the town was
                                                                                            enlarged. The castle nestles on a hill next to the
                                                                                            river also called Fuengirola. It was in this castle

                                                                                            that Henry II of Castile and Yusuf I, a Nasrid
                                                                                            ruler, signed a truce in 1340 that led to a trade
                                                                                            boom. The fortress has now been restored and
                                                                                            converted into an open-air auditorium. The

 104         Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                  Fuengirola                        Index     Málaga, Sun and Culture         105
                                                                                                                                                              TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                             CONVENTION BUREAU
                                       Arabs changed the name from Suel to Sohail, this      museum with models that describe the
                                       being the name of a star in the Argos constellation   monument's history.
                                       that, the story goes, could only be seen from the
                                       castle itself.                                        Due to the profound and rapid changes that
                                                                                             have taken place in the city over the last three
                                       Following the Catholic Monarchs' conquest in          decades, hardly any traces remain of the former
                                       1487, the castle was destroyed, but the frequent      fishermen's neighbourhood, and even less of the
                                       pirate raids that plagued the Mediterranean coast     market gardens that used to stretch right down
                                       forced them restore it. Years later, during the War   to the sea. This area is completely taken up with
                                       of Independence, French, English and Spaniards        a magnificent seafront promenade -one of the
                                       fought over the fortress due to its status as a       longest on the Spanish coast- where locals and
                                       strategic defensive location.                         visitors alike gaze out to sea. Bars, large
                                                                                             terraces, shops, restaurants and landscaped
                                       The city's current name comes from the term           areas line the 8 km of promenade, which also
                                       girolas, ships that Genovese sailors used to fish     includes a bustling marina and beach restaurants
                                       for small fish or boliche, a word that was also       where you can sample the local seafood.
                                       used for the previously separate township of
                                       Santa Fe de los Boliches, which is now a part of      In contrast with this modern tourism-related
                                       Fuengirola proper.                                    infrastructure, the archaeological sites in the
                                                                                             area offer visitors the chance to discover
                                       HOW TO GET THERE                                      Fuengirola's ancient history. In Suel, by the
                                       The Autopista del Mediterráneo motorway (A-7;         mouth of the River Fuengirola, remains have
                                       N-340) provides an excellent communication link       been unearthed of an aqueduct, mosaics,
                                       between Fuengirola and the rest of the Costa del      epigraphs and parts of ancient dwellings, as
                                       Sol. You can also get here by train (Route C-2 on     well as several burial sites south of the castle.
                                       the Cercanías or commuter line) from Málaga,          All of this was linked to the salted fish industry,
                                       Torremolinos and Arroyo de la Miel                    in particular the production of garum (a kind of
                                       (Benalmádena) or from the airport.                    fish sauce).

                                       WHAT TO SEE                                           On the left bank of the river there is a cemetery,
                                       The Sohail Castle, which was destroyed and            and Finca de Acevedo still has traces of a salted
                                       rebuilt several times, is without any doubt the       fish trading post with dwellings and a late
                                       most emblematic monument in Fuengirola,               Roman necropolis, while at Finca del Secretario,
                                       both for its long and eventful history and its        by the Pajares Stream, salting troughs have
                                       unmistakable profile, which has become the            been found in addition to bathhouses, ovens,
                                       symbol of the city. The fortress is surrounded        dwellings and a sculpture of Venus from the
                                       by imposing square towers, and every part of it       second century A.D. Likewise, in Torreblanca del

                                       has been meticulously restored to prevent             Sol, near Las Presas Stream, some bathhouses
                                       deterioration and turn it into a cultural and         have been found that had been converted into a
                                       tourism site. It is now home to a remarkable          salted factory, as well as a cistern and a Visigoth
                                       open-air auditorium and inside there is a small       necropolis.

 106         Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                   Fuengirola                        Index     Málaga, Sun and Culture         107
                                                                                                                                                             TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                            CONVENTION BUREAU
                                       The City History Museum looks back at over 2600     In the evening, there's special excitement both
                                       years of local history in this beautiful            at the fairground -a model that has been
                                       Mediterranean city.                                 exported to other parts of Andalusia- and inside
                                                                                           the numerous tents. But horses take centre
                                       FIESTAS                                             stage at the fair, stamping the most famous
                                       In Fuengirola, the fiestas begin with Holy Week,    image of this celebration on the entire town.
                                       a period that combines magnificent processions
                                       with the start of the beach season, since the       The International Nations' Exhibition takes place
                                       region's mild climate permits sunbathing this       over four days in late March or early April, giving
                                       early in the year, except on the rare occasions     visitors the chance to find out about typical food
                                       that it rains. On the eve of St. John (23 June),    and folklore from over 30 countries and Spanish
                                       Fuengiroleños also burn the júas (Judas) and        regions.
                                       on the day of the Virgen del Carmen in July, the
                                       small neighbourhood of Los Boliches                 FOOD
                                       commemorates its seafaring tradition by             The highly cosmopolitan nature of the town led
                                       carrying a statue of the Virgin in a procession,    its cuisine to adapt to modern times, so it is not
                                       first on fishing boats -a beautiful ritual          easy to talk about typical local cuisine except, of
                                       performed in all coastal villages in Málaga- and    course, for the fish caught off its coast, which are
                                       then through the streets of the town.               generally served fried. Pescado a la sal or
                                                                                           pescado al horno (fish baked in salt) is also a
                                       Over the summer, the town really comes alive        traditional dish, as is of course rice with seafood.
                                       with festivities. In July, the Fuengirola Music
                                       and Dance Festival is held at the Sohail            LEISURE
                                       Castle, featuring leading artists and famous        The Palacio de la Paz is a recently constructed
                                       orchestras. The Musical Theatre Festival has        cultural complex that covers an area of 2,000 m2
                                       recently been added to the festive calendar,        and can hold up to 1,800 people. Its facilities can
                                       bringing the best musical shows to the Palacio      host any kind of event or show, even those that,
                                       de la Paz. In August the Veladilla del              due to their nature, cannot be held on a
                                       Veraneante (Holidaymaker Day), which marks          conventional stage.
                                       the end of the summer festival season, serves
                                       as the prelude to the great Feria de Octubre        Fuengirola Zoo (Tel.: (+34) 952 666 301),
                                       (October Fair) in honour of the Virgen del          located in the heart of the city, was designed so
                                       Rosario (Lady of the Rosary).                       that the animals could enjoy the greatest
                                                                                           possible freedom, and great care has been
                                       The Rosario fiestas are among the most              taken to recreate the natural habitat of the many
                                       popular in Andalusia, and are internationally       species that live here. Animals from all five
                                       renowned for their equestrian shows. There are      continents are separated from one another by

                                       bullfights, horse and carriage exhibitions,         spacious green areas, playgrounds and water
                                       dressage and riding shows, all combined with        attractions that draw the visitor into an
                                       the best flamenco performances.                     astonishing landscape.

 108         Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                 Fuengirola                         Index     Málaga, Sun and Culture         109
           index. Málaga                                                                     a    LAMEDA CINEPLEX                                                  Málaga

        Málaga, Sun and Culture
                                                                       TOURIST BOARD &
                                                                      CONVENTION BUREAU
                                        CINEMAS                                                                                          USEFUL INFORMATION
                              Alameda Cineplex                                  page   111
                           Albéniz Cineplex                                     page   112                                               Address: C/ Córdoba, 9
                        Cinesur Málaga Nostrum                                  page   113                                               29001 Málaga
                      Cinesur Larios                                            page   114                                               Tel.: (+34) 952 213 412
                    Rosaleda Cineplex                                           page   115

                 .Yelmo Cineplex Plaza Mayor
               Ateneo de Málaga
                                                                                page   116

                                                                                page 117
             Lux Cinemax Vialia Málaga                                          pág. 118
            Provincial Cultural Centre                                          page 119
           Alameda Theatre                                                      page 120
          Cánovas Theatre                                                       page 121

        .Cervantes Theatre
       Centre of Contemporary Art
                                                                                page 122

                                                                                page   123
       Civic Centre                                                             page   124
      Provincial Cultural Centre (C.C.P. Government of Málaga)                  page   125   DESCRIPTION
      Málaga Federation of Physicians                                           page   126
      San Telmo School of Art                                                   page   127                                          SERVICES
                                                                                             Number of screens: 3
      Espacio Tres Málaga. Contemporary Art                                     page   128
                                                                                             Total audience capacity: 734           Air conditioning
      Picasso Foundation

                                                                                                                                                                             Alameda Cineplex
                                                                                page   129
      Alfredo Viñas Art Gallery                                                                                                     Audience Day: Wednesday
                                                                                page   130
       Arte y Diseño Art Gallery                                                page   131
       JM Art Gallery (Javier Marín)                                            page   132                                          Discount to people over 65
        Nova Art Gallery                                                        page   133                                          Youth Card
         Benedito Art Gallery                                                   page   134
          Cincoechegaray Art Gallery                                            page   135
           Gacma Art Gallery                                                    page   136

            Customs Palace                                                      page   137
              Ámbito Cultural Exhibition Hall                                   page   138
               Cajamar Málaga Exhibition Hall                                   page   139
                 Alameda Exhibition Hall                                        page   140
                   Federaton of Master Builders - Exhibition Hall               page   141
                     Unicaja MENA Exhibition Hall                               page   142
                       Episcopal Palace Exhibition Hall                         page   143

                         Didier Daurat Exhibition Hall                          page   144
                            Moreno Villa Exhibition Hall                        page   145
                                Gades Hall. Cervantes Theatre                   page   146
                                  Amigos del País Association

                                                                                page   147
                                       Gravura Prints & Art Gallery             page   148                                  Index
110                                                                                                                                               Málaga, Sun and Culture   111
                   a    LBÉNIZ CINEPLEX                                                     Málaga       c   INESUR MÁLAGA NOSTRUM                                                   Málaga

                                                      USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                               USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                      Address: C/ Alcazabilla, 4                                                                       Address: Ctra. Azucarera Interhorce
                                                      29015 Málaga                                                                                     29004 Málaga
                                                      Tel.: (+34) 952 215 898                                                                          Tel.: 902 504 150 (only from Spain)
                                                            902 221 622 (only from Spain)                                                                    (+34) 952 176 318

                   DESCRIPTION                      SERVICES                                             DESCRIPTION                              SERVICES

                                                                                                                                                                                               Cinesur Málaga Nostrum
                   Audience Day: Wednesday          Air conditioning                                     Number of screens: 21                    Audience Day: Wednesday
                   Number of screens: 4             Parking area                                         Total audience capacity: 5,100           Air conditioning
Albéniz Cineplex

                   Total audience capacity: 1,148   Late show                                                                                     Disabled access
                                                                                                                                                  Cyber cafe
                                                                                                                                                  Advance ticket sales
                                                                                                                                                  Venue hire
                                                                                                                                                  Tiered seats

                                                                                                                                                  Ticket sales by phone
                                                                                                                                                  Online ticket sales
                                                                                                                                                  Morning show
                                                                                                                                                  Late show
                                                                                                                                                  Youth card
                                                                                                                                                  Discount to people over 65


  112              Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                          Málaga                Index                 Málaga, Sun and Culture       113
                 c  INESUR LARIOS                                                     Málaga          r OSALEDA MULTICINES                                                       Málaga

                                                     USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                             USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                     Address: Larios Shopping Centre - Paseo                                                        Address: Avda. Simón Bolívar, s/n
                                                     de los Tilos, s/n                                                                              29011 Málaga - Rosaleda Shopping Centre
                                                     29002 Málaga                                                                                   Tel.: (+34) 952 394 708
                                                     Tel.: 902 504 150 (only fron Spain)                                                                  902 221 622 (only from Spain)
                                                          (+34) 952 369 260

                 DESCRIPTION                      SERVICES                                            DESCRIPTION

                 Audience Day: Wednesday          Disabled access                                     Audience Day: Wednesday                  SERVICES
                 Number of screens: 10            Air conditioning                                    Number of screens: 12

                                                                                                                                                                                               Rosaleda Cineplex
                 Total audience capacity: 1,400   Parking                                             Total audience capacity: 1,165           Air conditioning
Cinesur Larios

                                                  Buffet                                                                                       Parking
                                                  Venue hire                                                                                   Morning show
                                                  Youth card                                                                                   Late show
                                                  Discount to people over 65                                                                   Surround sound
                                                  Online ticket sales
                                                  Ticket sales by phone

                                                  Morning show
                                                  Late show
                                                  Surround sound


  114            Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                         Málaga                Index                 Málaga, Sun and Culture          115
                             y  ELMO CINEPLEX PLAZA MAYOR                                          Málaga          a    TENEO DE MÁLAGA                                                                    Málaga

                                                                 USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                          USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                 Address: Plaza Mayor Leisure Park - Avda                                                                    Address: Edif. San Telmo - C/ Compañía, 2
                                                                 Alfonso Ponce de León, 1. Highway E-15.                                                                     Tel.: (+34) 952 040 128
                                                                 Exit: Parador de Golf                                                                                       Website:
                                                                 29004 Málaga
                                                                 Tel.: 902 902 103 / 902 220 922 (only from
                                                                 Fax: (+34) 951 231 993
Yelmo Cineplex Plaza Mayor

                             DESCRIPTION                      SERVICES
                                                                                                                                Since it started operating in its
                                                                                                                   current premises in 1966, it has played a
                             Audience Day: Monday             Disabled access
                                                                                                                   significant role in the cultural and social life of the
                             Number of screens: 20            Air conditioning

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ateneo de Málaga
                                                                                                                   capital of the province. It offers lectures,
                             Total audience capacity: 4,882   Parking
                                                                                                                   presentations, painting or sculpture exhibitions,
                                                                                                                   among other cultural events.
                                                              Tiered seats
                                                              Children's seats
                                                              Discount to people over 65
                                                              Youth card
                                                              Student card

                                                              Morning show
                                                              Late show
                                                              Numbered seats
                                                              Surround sound
                                                              Advance ticket sales
                                                              Online ticket sales
                                                              Ticket sales by phone


    116                      Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                            Málaga                            Index              Málaga, Sun and Culture             117
                            lUX CINEMAS VIALIA MÁLAGA                                            Málaga          p     ROVINCIAL CULTURAL CENTRE                                                 Málaga

                                                                 USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                  USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                 Address: Explanada de la Estación, s/n                                                              Address: C/ Ollerías, s/n
                                                                 29002 Málaga                                                                                        Tel.: (+34) 952 133 930
                                                                 Tel.: (+34) 952 360 081
Lux Cinemas Vialia Málaga

                            DESCRIPTION                      SERVICES
                                                                                                                             With the support of authors from

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Provincial Cultural Centre
                                                                                                                 Málaga, the Government of Málaga built this
                            Audience Day: Thursday           Disabled access
                                                                                                                 space in 1999. Its goal is to promote and develop
                            Number of screens: 13            Air conditioning
                                                                                                                 culture in all its fields: theatre, music,
                            Total audience capacity: 2,450   Bar and coffee shop
                                                                                                                 performances by young artists and a wide range of
                                                             Children's seats
                                                                                                                 shows. It has a capacity of 300.
                                                             Discount for people over 65
                                                             Youth card
                                                             Student card
                                                             Morning show (weekends and public holidays)
                                                             Late show

                                                             Numbered seats
                                                             Surround sound
                                                             Advance ticket sales
                                                             Online ticket sales
                                                             Ticket sales by phone


    118                     Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                           Málaga                        Index                Málaga, Sun and Culture   119
                  a   LAMEDA THEATRE                                                                 Málaga            c  ÁNOVAS THEATRE                                                                  Málaga

                                                                        USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                              USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                        Address: C/ Córdoba, 9                                                                          Address: Plaza del Ejido, 5
                                                                        Tel.: (+34) 952 213 412                                                                         Tel.: (+34) 952 260 611
                                                                        Website:                                                                  Website:

                                Recently built, this modern space is                                                             A project of the Culture Ministry of
                  located in the heart of Málaga City. It has three                                                    the Andalusian Government inaugurated in
                  halls and a total capacity of 734. Main activities:                                                  September 2002. Most performances -theatre,
                  film, lyric performances, theatre plays.                                                             music, dance- are framed within the modern
Alameda Theatre

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Cánovas Theatre
                                                                                                                       movement. It has a capacity of 340.



  120             Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                         Málaga                      Index                Málaga, Sun and Culture         121
                     c    ERVANTES THEATRE                                                           Málaga              m       ÁLAGA CONTEMPORARY ARTS CENTRE                                                 Málaga

                                                                       USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                       USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                       Address: C/ Ramos Marín, s/n                                                                             Address: C/ Alemania, s/n
                                                                       Tel.: (+34) 952 224 109                                                                                  29001 Málaga
                                                                       Website:                                                                         Tel.: (+34) 952 120 055
                                                                       Ticket sales by phone: 902 360 295 (only                                                                 Fax: (+34) 952 210 177
                                                                       from Spain)                                                                                              Website:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Centre of Contemporary Art
                                 The Miguel de Cervantes Theatre,                                                                    The Málaga Contemporary Arts             HOURS
                    built over the ruins of the Príncipe Alfonso                                                         Centre, known as CAC Málaga, is a gallery that
                    Theatre, was re-opened on 6 April 1987 by                                                            showcases twentieth- and twenty-first-century        The CAC is open Tue-Sun from 10:00 a.m. to
Cervantes Theatre

                    Queen Sofía, and was granted the category of                                                         works of art. Opened in 2003, it has already         8:00 p.m., or Tue-Sun from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00
                    Historic-Artistic Monument. At present, it has a                                                     established itself as one of the leading galleries   p.m. and from 5:00 to 9:00 p.m. in the summer.
                    capacity of 1,171, including seats and boxes.                                                        dedicated to contemporary art in Europe and, of      Closed on Mondays. Admission is free.
                    Opera, music, theatre and dance are included in                                                      course, in Spain.
                    the Cervantes's varied cultural offer.
                                                                                                                         The CAC Málaga runs temporary exhibitions by
                                                                                                                         renowned Spanish and international artists, and it
                                                                                                                         has an important permanent collection. In

                                                                                                                         addition, the CAC is a centre to see the work of
                                                                                                                         novel artists who have never put up an exhibition
                                                                                                                         in Spain before. It also holds workshops and
                                                                                                                         courses that bring art closer to the public.


   122                Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                        Málaga                         Index                  Málaga, Sun and Culture             123
               c   IVIC CENTRE                                                                   Málaga             p    ROVINCIAL CULTURAL CENTRE                Málaga
                                                                                                                                           (C.C.P. GOVERNMENT OF MÁLAGA)

                                                                    USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                 USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                    Address: Avda. Los Guindos, 48                                                                     Address: C/ Ollerías, s/n
                                                                    Tel.: (+34) 952 069 100                                                                            Tel.: (+34) 952 133 950
                                                                    Fax: (+34) 952 239 780                                                                             Fax: (+34) 952 133 983
                                                                    E-mail:                                                                            E-mail: (Eduardo Herrero)

                            The Civic Centre of the Provincial                                                                  The Provincial Cultural Centre is

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Provincial Cultural Centre
               Government is a meeting point of the province                                                        located in Málaga City, in the former Orphanage,
               and also of other provincial, national and                                                           created in 1573 by the carpenters' union and
               international communities. It is an instrument for                                                   called "Casa de los Niños de la Providencia." It
               the Government of Málaga to encourage citizens'                                                      was renovated and enlarged in the seventeenth,
Civic Centre

               participation in the social, cultural and economic                                                   eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and
               development of the province.                                                                         transformed into a space dedicated to culture.
                                                                                                                    The centre has an auditorium for press
                                                                                                                    conferences and lectures, a historic archive, an
                                                                                                                    exhibition hall, a library, and offices.



  124            Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                       Málaga                        Index                Málaga, Sun and Culture            125
                                  m        ÁLAGA FEDERATION OF PHYSICIANS                                     Málaga             s AN TELMO SCHOOL OF ART                                                          Málaga

                                                                                 USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                 USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                 Address: C/ Curtidores, 1                                                                          Address: Plaza del Ejido, 3
                                                                                 29006 Málaga                                                                                       Tel.: (+34) 952 252 410
                                                                                 Tel.: 951 019 400                                                                                  Fax: (+34) 952 253 006
                                                                                 Fax: (+34) 952 348 450                                                                             E-mail:
Málaga Federation of Physicians

                                              It features a space dedicated to                                                              The San Telmo School of Arts

                                                                                                                                                                                                                             San Telmo School of Art
                                  exhibitions and cultural events.                                                               teaches different courses on arts & design.
                                                                                                                                 Students get college or BA degrees -graphic
                                                                                                                                 design, photography, interior decoration, window
                                                                                                                                 dressing, clothing design, ceramics, wood
                                                                                                                                 carving, wood gilding and polychromy, and



     126                           Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                  Málaga                        Index               Málaga, Sun and Culture       127
                                        e   SPACIO TRES MÁLAGA. CONTEMPORARY ART                                                    Málaga             p    ICASSO FOUNDATION                                                                  Málaga

                                                                                                     USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                       USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                                     Address: C/ Alemania, 3, ground floor                                                                    Address: Plaza de la Merced, 15
                                                                                                     29001 Málaga                                                                                             29012 Málaga
                                                                                                     Tel.: (+34) 952 223 047 / (+34) 636 475 786                                                              Tel.: (+34) 952 060 215
                                                                                                     Fax: (+34) 952 223 047                                                                                   Fax: (+34) 952 215 107
                                                                                                     E-mail:                                                                          E-mail: secretaria@fundacionpicasso
Espacio Tres Málaga. Contemporary Art

                                                     Espacio Tres was established in                                                                             The Pablo Ruiz Picasso Foundation,
                                        Málaga as a Cultural Association of Artists on 16                                                              Museum-Birthplace, was created on 26 February
                                        October 1995. Its articles of associations were                                                                1988 by the Málaga Town Council, to which the

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Picasso Foundation
                                        officially approved on 21 November 1995.                                                                       Foundation belongs. It is part of the Spain's
                                                                                                                                                       Museum System since 1991. Picasso was born in
                                        The association is aimed at fostering artistic                                                                 the Foundation's headquarters.
                                        activities, especially in the fields of painting and
                                        sculpture, but it doesn't leave aside other artistic                                                           On the ground floor, the Foundation hosts a room
                                        expressions.                                                                                                   for temporary exhibitions and shows collections
                                                                                                                                                       linked to Picasso and his cultural interests. On the
                                        Espacio Tres pays particular attention to                                                                      first floor, it exhibits works by the artist and his

                                        contemporary arts (painting, sculpture, installations…) It                                                     father, José Ruiz Blasco, and memories
                                        attends national and international art trade shows to                                                          belonging to Picasso and his family. On the
                                        promote its artists. It participates in the European                                                           second floor is a document centre and library with
                                        Artists for Peace organisation and shares exhibitions                                                          materials that teach us all about the artist and his
                                        with other associations and art galleries, such as                                                             work.
                                        Marcos, in Sintra, Portugal; Montaje Studio Gallery,
                                        in Castleton New Yorkshire, England; Espacio

                                        Abierto, in Torremolinos; Nou Mil.leni, in Barcelona,
                                        among others.

      128                               Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                                    Málaga                          Index                 Málaga, Sun and Culture        129
                            a     LFREDO VIÑAS ART GALLERY                                                    Málaga             a   RTE Y DISEÑO ART GALLERY                                                           Málaga

                                                                              USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                       USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                              Address:                                                                                                 Address: C/ Afligidos, 3
                                                                              C/ José Denis Belgrano, 19, 1st floor                                                                    29015 Málaga
                                                                              Tel.: (+34) 952 601 229                                                                                  Tel.: (+34) 952 609 761
                                                                              Fax: (+34) 952 601 229                                                                                   Fax: (+34) 952 609 761
                                                                              E-mail:                                                                         E-mail:

                                       Alfredo Viñas Art Gallery was                                                                          Located in Málaga, this art gallery is
Alfredo Viñas Art Gallery

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Arte y Diseño Art Gallery
                            founded in 1993. It focuses on contemporary art                                                      one out of the many interesting spaces in the
                            promotion.                                                                                           capital of the province where art is the real star.


                            The gallery is open Mon-Fri from 11:00 a.m. to
                            1:30 p.m. and from 6:00 to 9:00 p.m.; and Sat
                            from 11:00 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. It is closed on
                            Sundays and public holidays.



    130                      Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                         Málaga                         Index                 Málaga, Sun and Culture        131
                                J M ART GALLERY (JAVIER MARÍN)                                                Málaga             n   OVA ART GALLERY                                                                     Málaga

                                                                                USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                    USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                Address: C/ Duquesa de Parcent, 12                                                                    Address: Paseo de Sancha, 6
                                                                                29001 Málaga                                                                                          29016 Málaga
                                                                                Tel.: (+34) 952 216 592                                                                               Tel.: (+34) 952 211 550
                                                                                Fax: (+34) 952 216 592                                                                                Fax: (+34) 952 211 558
                                                                                E-mail:                                                                         E-mail:
JM Art Gallery (Javier Marín)

                                            Many contemporary artists exhibit                                                               The gallery opened in November
                                their work here.                                                                                 1990 with the individual exhibition of the painter
                                                                                                                                 from Málaga José Puyet. It holds exhibits of well-
                                                                                                                                 known or new artists. The space features two

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Nova Art Gallery
                                                                                                                                 rooms, one showing individual exhibitions, and
                                                                                                                                 the other one for permanent collections and
                                                                                                                                 works by different artists.



     132                        Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                      Málaga                         Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture             133
                       b      ENEDITO ART GALLERY                                                         Málaga             c   INCOECHEGARAY ART GALLERY                                                             Málaga

                                                                            USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                       USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                            Address: C/ Niño de Guevara, 2                                                                           Address: C/ Echegaray, 5
                                                                            Tel.: (+34) 952 223 877                                                                                  29015 Málaga
                                                                            Fax: (+34) 952 226 011                                                                                   Tel.: (+34) 952 609 352
                                                                            E-mail:                                                                         Website:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Cincoechegaray Art Gallery
                                    The art gallery, in Niño de Guevara                                                                   Cincoechegaray is a place like no
                       Street, in the centre of town, exhibits sculptures                                                    other in the capital of Málaga Province. It offers
Benedito Art Gallery

                       paintings by artists from Málaga and other towns.                                                     an exquisite literary and musical selection. Vinyl
                       Membership is available for a monthly payment.                                                        records, music unpublished in Spain, genre
                       Members can buy paintings and other artworks.                                                         literature, special editions and more, in a carefully
                                                                                                                             and exclusively designed space.

                                                                                                                             The store features listening and reading points,
                                                                                                                             and important extras that make Cincoechegaray
                                                                                                                             the place to buy books and records.



   134                   Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                          Málaga                          Index                 Málaga, Sun and Culture         135
                    g      ACMA ART GALLERY                                                             Málaga             c   USTOMS PALACE                                                                     Málaga

                                                                         USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                       USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                         Address: C/ Fidias, 48-50                                                                                Address: C/ Alcazabilla, s/n
                                                                         Tel.: (+34) 952 246 272 / 952 245 855                                                                    29015 Málaga
                                                                         Fax: (+34) 952 245 855                                                                                   Tel.: (+34) 952 213 680

                                  A privileged space of over 500 sq m                                                                   Located in the heart of Málaga, the
                    with exhibitions of work by the most prestigious                                                       building is one of the most relevant in town. It has
                    artists both at the national and international                                                         several government offices and exhibition halls.
Gacma Art Gallery

                    levels. Its staff is expert in contemporary art.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Customs Palace
                    Gacma has gathered major works of art by
                    renowned local artists -Picasso, Miró, Chillida,
                    Tapies, Saura, Barceló, Piensa… and others
                    coming from abroad, like Richard Serra, Bruce
                    Nauman or Joseph Beuys.

                    Gacma has a library-bookstore with books visitors
                    can read or buy. These books deal with different
                    contemporary artists whose work is exhibited or is
                    part of the permanent collection of the gallery.


   136                Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                          Málaga                          Index                  Málaga, Sun and Culture     137
                                  á      MBITO CULTURAL EXHIBITION                                                    Málaga            c  AJAMAR MÁLAGA EXHIBITION HALL                                                    Málaga

                                                                                     USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                    USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                     Address: Edificio Corte Inglés - C/ Hilera, s/n                                                       Address: C/ Tomás Heredia, 14
                                                                                     Tel.: (+34) 952 076 544                                                                               29001 Málaga
                                                                                     Fax: (+34) 952 281 360                                                                                Tel.: (+34) 952 138 829 (Mª José Herrero)
                                                                                     E-mail:                                                                                                     (+34) 952 138 852 (Alicia)
                                                                                                                                          Fax: (+34) 952 138 852

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Cajamar Málaga Exhibition Hall
Ámbito Cultural Exhibition Hall

                                              A space belonging to El Corte Inglés                                                                 This is an exhibition hall run by
                                  on Hilera Street and used exclusively to offer                                                        Cajamar in Málaga. Sculptures, paintings, photos
                                  talks, exhibitions, and conferences. It has an                                                        and other creations are shown in this space.
                                  exhibition hall showing the work of numerous



     138                            Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                        Málaga                        Index                Málaga, Sun and Culture          139
                          a      LAMEDA EXHIBITION HALL                                                     Málaga             f                            E
                                                                                                                                EDERATON OF MASTER BUILDERS-EXHIBITION HALL Málaga

                                                                              USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                      USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                              Address: C/ Alameda Principal, 19                                                                       Address: C/ República Argentina, 18
                                                                              29001 Málaga                                                                                            29016 Málaga
                                                                              Tel.: (+34) 952 133 904                                                                                 Tel.: (+34) 952 225 180
                                                                              Fax: (+34) 952 227 853                                                                                  Fax: (+34) 952 223 356
                                                                              E-mail:                                                                     E-mail:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Federaton of Master Builders-Exhibition Hall
                                      It exhibits works by artists who come                                                                It offers different exhibitions
Alameda Exhibition Hall

                          to the capital of the province.                                                                      throughout the year. Paintings are the stars in this
                                                                                                                               hall, but other forms of artistic expressions are
                                                                                                                               also represented in it.




    140                     Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                        Málaga                          Index                 Málaga, Sun and Culture    141
                               u      NICAJA MENA EXHIBITION HALL                                                   Málaga            e   PISCOPAL PALACE EXHIBITION HALL                                                Málaga

                                                                                    USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                  USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                    Address: C/ Calvo, s/n                                                                              Address: Plaza del Obispo, s/n
                                                                                    Tel.: (+34) 952 611 896                                                                             29015 Málaga
                                                                                    E-mail:                                                                       Tel.: (+34) 952 602 722
                                                                                    Website:                                                                             Fax: (+34) 952 602 722

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Episcopal Palace Exhibition Hall
Unicaja MENA Exhibition Hall

                                           This hall belongs to group Unicaja. It                                                                 The Episcopal Palace is home to the
                               exhibits paintings and other artworks as well.                                                         Church's headquarters in Málaga. It has large
                                                                                                                                      rooms that welcome many artists and their work.
                                                                                                                                      It operates as a museum as well.



    142                          Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                         Málaga                       Index                Málaga, Sun and Culture        143
                                d      IDIER DAURAT EXHIBITION HALL                                                   Málaga             m       ORENO VILLA EXHIBITION HALL                                                  Málaga

                                                                                     USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                        USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                     Address: Málaga Airport - Avda. García                                                                    Address: Cervantes Theatre - C/ Ramón
                                                                                     Morato                                                                                                    Marín, s/n
                                                                                     29004 Málaga                                                                                              29012 Málaga
                                                                                     Tel.: (+34) 952 048 798                                                                                   Tel.: (+34) 952 220 710
                                                                                     Fax: (+34) 952 048 786
Didier Daurat Exhibition Hall

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Moreno Villa Exhibition Hall
                                            The Didier Daurat space, at Málaga                                                                      This hall has a varied offer -classical
                                Airport, opened in 1999. It has hosted many                                                              and contemporary plastic arts, photographs, crafts…
                                temporary exhibitions, and offers a space to local
                                artists who want to exhibit their creations.



     144                          Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                            Málaga                         Index                Málaga, Sun and Culture       145
                                g    ADES HALL. CERVANTES THEATRE                                                      Málaga             a    MIGOS DEL PAÍS ASSOCIATION                                                          Málaga

                                                                                       USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                        USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                       Address: School of Dance - C/ Cerrojo, 5                                                                  Address: Plaza de la Constitución, 7
                                                                                       Tel.: (+34) 952 224 109 (Cervantes Theatre)                                                               29005 Málaga
                                                                                       Fax: (+34) 952 212 993                                                                                    Tel.: (+34) 952 229 396
                                                                                       E-mail:                                                                Fax: (+34) 952 226 410
Gades Hall. Cervantes Theatre

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Amigos del País Association
                                            The Gades Hall has a 9 x 8 m stage,                                                                       This exhibition hall is located in Plaza
                                15 m in height, seating 250 people. It is perfect to                                                      de la Constitución. There are several rooms that
                                stage alternative music shows and theatrical                                                              host temporary exhibitions and collections by
                                plays, and thus complement the activities of the                                                          several artists.
                                Cervantes Theatre and other stages in town. It
                                offers also shows for children.



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                               g    RAVURA STUDIO                                                                           Málaga                                          TOURIST BOARD &

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                                                                                          USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                          Address: C/ Nuestra Sra. de los Dolores de
                                                                                          San Juan 3, 1st floor
                                                                                          (opposite the church on C/ San Juan)
                                                                                          29005 Málaga
                                                                                          Tel.: (+34) 952 210 141
Gravura Prints & Art Gallery

                                            Gravura Studio was established in          Gravura's holdings include artworks by Paco
                               1979 by the painter and engraver Paco Aguilar. In       Aguilar, José Faria, Ana Bellido, Enrique
                               Gravura, Paco Aguilar organises a range of              Brinkmann, Óscar Pérez, Michele Lehmann,
                               activities centred on engraving: courses, printing      Lorenzo Saval, Pablo Alonso Herrainz, Francisco
                               and stamping, and promotion of contemporary             Peinado, José Ganfornina, Christian Bozon,
                               artists, whose works are displayed in the studio.       Vargas Machuca, Javier Roz, Natalia Resnik,
                                                                                       Diazdel, Rafael Alvarado and Sebastián Navas.
                               Gravura has been organising courses since               Gravura started hosting art shows back in 1990.
                               1980. Renowned engravers teach beginners and            Nowadays, the gallery's exhibitions focus on
                               advanced students special printing techniques.          works on paper by acclaimed or young artists.

                               The studio has become a meeting point for metal         The studio has developed a character of its own,
                               engraving lovers, since it is a space open to artists   collaborating with public and private organisations
                               who get there to learn and experiment with new          and institutions, displaying the valuable prints that
                               techniques. A great number of editions have been        make up its permanent collection, and participating in
                               published by Gravura, either group or solo works        fairs like Estampa or the International Contemporary
                               accompanied in many cases by literary texts.            Print Fair, where it was granted the award for the
                                                                                       best set of artworks by the Madrid Association of Art

                                                                                       Critics in 2002.

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                                                                                            Málaga is the third largest district in the
                                                               Málaga                   province after Antequera and Ronda. It
                                                                                                                                               Export activity boomed under Roman rule,
                                                                                                                                               based mainly around garum (fish sauce or
                                                                                        combines at least two very different kinds of          paste), wine and olive oil. By end of the first
                                   USEFUL INFORMATION                                   landscape. To the north lies the Sierra de             century A.D., the city was already a federated
                                                                                        Málaga, a heavily wooded and mountainous               town with important buildings, including the
                                   Surface area: 385.50 km2.                            area, very valuable in terms of ecology and            theatre on the slopes of the Alcazaba (fortress),
                                   Population: 630,000                                  landscape, so much so that it has been declared        which still remains today. As Roman domination
                                   Name given to the local people: Malagueños.          a Nature Park by the Andalusian Regional               waned, the city passed onto the hands of
                                   Location: On the southern Mediterranean coast,       Government. Towards the east, the country              different Germanic peoples, such as Vandals
                                   50 nautical miles from the Strait of Gibraltar and   resembles that of the Axarquía and features the        and Visigoths, and following the Islamic invasion
                                   520 km from Spain's capital city, Madrid. Average    highest peaks, such as Santo Pitar (1,020 m).          it belonged to the Emirate, and subsequently the
                                   annual rainfall is 470 l/m2 and average annual                                                              Caliphate, of Córdoba.
                                   temperature is 18.5º C.                              The landscape levels out to the west, shaping
                                   What to see: Roman Theatre, Alcazaba (Arab           what is known as Hoya de Málaga, which is the          Later on, the city fell under the control of Berber
                                   Fortress), Gibralfaro Castle, Cathedral, Church of   lowland formed where the Guadalmedina and              tribes, followed by the Almoravids, the Almohads
                                   El Sagrario (The Sanctuary), Episcopal Palace,       Guadalhorce river valleys merge, before they           and the Nasrids. Despite these constant changes,
                                   Picasso Museum, Church of Santiago (St               flow out into the Mediterranean Sea. In this area,     the city retained its trading activity, owing largely to
                                   James), Plaza de la Merced, Picasso Foundation,      the seaward-facing part of the city, which             the protection of its strong walls and the lookout
                                   Customs Hall, Paseo del Parque, Vice-                stretches out to the west, blends with the             post provided by the Gibralfaro Castle.
                                   Chancellor's Office of the University of Málaga      sugarcane fields, orchards and market gardens
                                   (former Post Office), Bank of Spain, Town Hall,      that form the last remnants of an agricultural         Christian troops besieged the city of Málaga for a
                                   Gardens of Puerta Oscura, Gardens of Pedro           tradition that is steadily being absorbed by           century, until 1487, when the Moors finally
                                   Luis Alonso, Fountain of Tres Gracias (the Three     industrial parks and the airport.                      surrendered. The unconditional surrender entailed
                                   Graces), Bullring, Law Courts (former Miramar                                                               slavery or exile for a large number of Málaga's
                                   Hotel), Monument to the Marquis of Larios, Larios    The urban layout of the city stretches from east       residents. Following its Christianisation, the city
                                   Street, Génova Fountain, Pasaje de Chinitas,         to west for some 12 km and the old town nestles        underwent a process of radical change. It started to
                                   Economic Society of Friends of the Country,          in a huge semicircular area right in the middle.       spread beyond the old city walls and the Church
                                   Málaga Athenaeum, Church of Santo Cristo de la       Practically all Málaga's monuments and tourist         quickly began to build its own places for
                                   Salud (Holy Christ of Health), Church of Santos      attractions are situated here save for the historic    worshipping and monasteries. The Moorish
                                   Mártires (Holy Martyrs), Museum of Popular Arts      gardens, which are on the outskirts.                   rebellions of the sixteenth century -which ended
                                   and Traditions, Puerta de Atarazanas (Archway),                                                             with their expulsion in 1614- and the subsequent
                                   Sanctuary of Virgen de la Victoria (Virgin of        Faced with Assyrian expansion and the                  shortages were followed by the flooding of the River
                                   Victory), Finca de la Concepción, Contemporary       progressive desertification of their lands,            Guadalmedina and epidemics that spread
                                   Art Centre (CAC), Málaga Art Heritage Museum.        Phoenicians from Tyre reached the Andalusian           throughout the city. Afterwards, the population,
                                   Tourist Information:                                 coast in around 800 B.C. and founded Malaka.           which had to face pirate and Berber incursions and
                                   Tourist Office, Pza. de la Marina, 11.               At first, it wasn't so much a city as a trading post   attacks by French and British fleets, limped towards
                                   Tel.: (+34) 952 122 020.                             around the port. Some time later the Greeks            the end of the seventeenth century in a state of utter
                                   Fax: (+34) 952 122 023.                              founded the neighbouring site of Mainake, which        exhaustion.
                                                                                        was destroyed by the Carthaginians, who in turn

                                                                                        were defeated by the mighty Romans in the late         In the following century, Málaga entered an era
                                                                                        third century B.C. in the Second Punic War.            of greater stability in every sense of the word

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                                   and, most importantly, the economy began to           HOW TO GET THERE                                       architect Guerrero Strachan. The most
                                   strengthen, mainly due to farming products'           From anywhere on the Costa del Sol, take the A-        interesting features are the Arco del Cristo (Arch
                                   exports. The end of the monopoly on trading with      7 (N-340) motorway; exits for Málaga are well          of Christ), the Plaza de Armas (Parade Ground),
                                   the Indies had a direct influence on the extension    signposted. If you're coming from inland               the Torre del Homenaje (Keep) and the Cuartos
                                   of port activity.                                     Andalusia, first follow the signs to Antequera,        de Granada (palace chambers). Today the site
                                                                                         and then get onto the A-45 (N-331) motorway,           can be accessed by lift.
                                   In the nineteenth century, the city not only faced    which leads to Málaga.
                                   the Napoleonic invasion but also the conflicts                                                               The Gibralfaro Castle, which sits on the crest of
                                   between Liberals and Absolutists, which ended in      WHAT TO SEE                                            the mountain that bears the same name, is
                                   the execution of General Torrijos and his             Except for the Phoenician remains found on the         connected to the Alcazaba by a corridor
                                   companions by a firing squad on San Andrés            site of the Picasso Museum, the city's most            (coracha) that runs between two walls.
                                   beach in 1831, during the reign of Ferdinand VII.     ancient monument is the Roman Theatre (first           Construction began on this strategic fortress in
                                   Towards the middle of the century, Málaga started     century A.D.) located at the foot of the Alcazaba.     the late eighth century under the rule of Emir
                                   a period of industrialisation based around textiles   Its structure is similar to the Acinipo theatre in     Abd-ar-Rahman I. Apparently, there had been a
                                   and steel, which converted the area into the most     Ronda. Parts of its proscenium, an entrance            lighthouse on the summit, at least according to a
                                   important as far as these industries were             gallery, traces of the orchestra pit and a large       seventh-century document, which refers to the
                                   concerned.                                            part of the cavea (16 m high, and a radius of 31       mountain as Gebel Faruk (lighthouse mountain).
                                                                                         m) have been preserved. Its stone was used for
                                   The Larios and Heredia families were the driving      the construction of the Alcazaba and for the           When the city fell to the Catholic Monarchs, the
                                   force behind this thriving economic activity, and     foundations of the Casa de la Cultura (Cultural        fortress was used as a military garrison, and in
                                   the city showed them its gratitude by erecting        Centre), a building that was pulled down in 1995       the eighteenth century a magazine was built
                                   statues and naming some of its main streets after     to restore the ancient monument.                       inside it, which has now been converted into a
                                   them. It was in the nineteenth century that Málaga                                                           visitor centre. The castle was partially destroyed
                                   focused on its urban layout: the working class        The Alcazaba or fortress dates back to the dawn        during the Napoleonic invasion and later rebuilt,
                                   neighbourhoods and factories were located in the      of the eleventh century, but some decades later        but it retains some parts of the earlier structure.
                                   western districts, and in the east were the large     King Badis of the Granada taifa turned it into one     It should be noted that in addition to its
                                   mansions of the new bourgeoisie, while in the         of the most important Muslim fortresses of that        extraordinary historical value, the complex (with
                                   centre some of the streets were widened and           time by providing it with a triple fortified complex   car access) offers the best views over the city.
                                   architecturally striking edifices were built.         with several towers. Inside the fortress, there
                                                                                         was a palace for the Muslim high authorities and       Immediately after the city was conquered by
                                   However, a new economic crisis was looming.           quarters for their servants. After the Christian       Christian troops, the former mosque was
                                   The flourishing industry began to falter and the      conquest it became a royal residence for the           consecrated under the name of Virgen de la
                                   phylloxera plague destroyed most vines, which         Catholic Monarchs and Phillip IV.                      Encarnación (Our Lady of the Incarnation), and
                                   had traditionally been one of the mainstays of the                                                           30 years later construction work began for the
                                   province's economy. Málaga's economy had              The fortress was abandoned during the                  Cathedral on the site of the former mosque. The
                                   many ups and downs, and did not really take off       eighteenth century and in the mid-nineteenth           new church was designed in flamboyant style,
                                   until the 1960s, when the Costa del Sol became a      century it was turned into a neighbourhood             but when Diego de Siloé took charge of the
                                   standard in international mass tourism.               where poor people dwelled. It was declared a           project he decided to go for a Renaissance style.
                                                                                         National Monument in 1931, and its restoration         However, it took over two centuries to build it, so

                                                                                         and reconstruction began at that time under the        successive      architectural     styles     were
                                                                                         direction of local historian Juan Temboury and         incorporated, particularly Baroque with some

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                                   Neoclassical features. The southern tower was        In the Plaza del Obispo, to the left of the Cathedral's
                                   never completed, so Málaga's Cathedral is known      main façade, stands the Palacio Episcopal
                                   as La Manquita (one-armed building).                 (Episcopal Palace), a group of buildings from the
                                                                                        sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth
                                   The magnificent stonework, culminating in the        centuries. The most remarkable thing about the
                                   main façade, features some of the most               splendid Baroque façade, divided by pilasters
                                   remarkable details and artistry ever to be seen in   into five vertical panels, three storeys high, and
                                   the city. One example is the seating area for the    crowned with a pinnacled balustrade, is the
                                   choir, carved by Pedro de Mena and other artists.    white, pink and grey marble work with a niche at
                                   De Mena is responsible for 42 figures and the        the top that houses a statue of the Virgen de las
                                   ends of the choir. There are also two grandiose      Angustias (Our Lady of Sorrows). An artistic
                                   eighteenth-century organs located on either side.    stairway with a decorated vault starts in the inner
                                                                                        courtyard, which has elegant Tuscan columns.
                                   The Cathedral has 15 chapels and 25 altars. La       The main floor of the palace is currently used for
                                   Encarnación chapel is in the centre of the           exhibitions.
                                   ambulatory. It has a lavish Neoclassical marble
                                   altarpiece. The Santa Bárbara Chapel has a           The Cathedral's Puerta de los Naranjos
                                   Gothic altarpiece that belonged to the former        (Naranjos Gate) opens out onto San Agustín St.
                                   mosque-cathedral, although the main image is by      This is for sure one of the most traditional streets
                                   Fernando Ortiz (1765). The Virgen de los Reyes       in Málaga, where the Palacio de los Condes de
                                   chapel contains a Gothic figure of the Virgin that   Buenavista (Counts of Buenavista's Palace) is
                                   was donated by Isabella the Catholic and two         located. This is one of the few secular
                                   sculptures representing Ferdinand and Isabella in    Renaissance structures in Málaga and dates
                                   prayer, also carved by Pedro de Mena, who also       back to 1520. Its austere façade has some
                                   sculpted the exquisite Dolorosa (Weeping             Plateresque features and the lookout tower
                                   Madonna) in Los Caídos Chapel, which is              gives it a fortress-like appearance.
                                   overlooked by a Crucifix carved by his father,
                                   Alonso de Mena.                                      Since October 2003, this beautiful palace has
                                                                                        been home to the Picasso Museum. The
                                   In the Virgen del Rosario Chapel, there is an        museum owns the private collection of Christine
                                   impressive painting by Alonso Cano: the best         Picasso, which she kindly donated to the city
                                   painting in Málaga Cathedral. The two                that was the birthplace of the most emblematic
                                   seventeenth-century pulpits made of pink stone       artist in twentieth-century Spain. The former
                                   are also remarkable.                                 mansion, which also houses the Provincial
                                                                                        Museum of Fine Arts, was meticulously
                                   The Sagrario Church, attached to the Cathedral       renovated and then adapted to its new role as a
                                   on the north side, is notable for its sixteenth-     museum, following the guidelines of modernity
                                   century flamboyant Gothic façade. Inside, there is   and respect for the original sixteenth-century
                                   a single barrel vaulted nave with a magnificent      structure at the same time. The transformation of

                                   Plateresque altarpiece that was brought from a       the premises has been praised as exemplary by
                                   village in Palencia.                                 international experts.

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                                   The permanent collection, made up of over 200            ceramics and even a recreation of what the           that are unique on our continent, have
                                   works by the genius from Málaga, is displayed in         house belonging to the Picasso family looked         adapted well to this location, and therefore
                                   several rooms that have retained the palace's            in the late nineteenth century.                      catch visitors' attention.
                                   magnificent Mudéjar coffered ceilings. Paintings,
                                   sculptures, prints and ceramics represent the            The Plaza de María Guerrero adjoins the Plaza        There are several Romantic arbours along the
                                   different creative periods of this artist, who finally   de la Merced, and Alcazabilla St. begins there.      promenade, featuring busts of the poets
                                   returned to his hometown under the best possible         On this street, you will see the back of the         Salvador Rueda and Rubén Darío and a
                                   condition in terms of exhibition venues.                 Picasso Museum, the Roman theatre and the            sculpture by Jaime Pimentel of a traditional
                                                                                            entrance to the Alcazaba, with the Palacio de la     vendor of biznagas (a local flowering plant). The
                                   The Picasso Museum opens onto the pedestrian             Aduana (Custom House) opposite. This is one of       Cervantes Ave. runs parallel to the Paseo del
                                   area of Granada St, and is just a stone's throw          the most emblematic buildings in Málaga. It was      Parque and here there are three remarkable
                                   from the Santiago Church, where Picasso was              planned and begun in the late eighteenth             early twentieth-century buildings. The former
                                   christened. The church was modified in the               century to take the place of the old custom          Post Office, now the Chancellor's Office of the
                                   eighteenth century but two important features of         house in Puerta del Mar, and was finally             University of Málaga, has a peculiar Neo-
                                   the original Mudéjar construction remain: the            completed early in the nineteenth century.           Mudéjar design, and the Bank of Spain building
                                   brick façade with a pointed arch and the                                                                      features an elegant Neoclassical style. Málaga's
                                   Almohad-style brick tower. Its interior is profusely     Its Neoclassical structure is based on a square      City Hall was built in a quite simple Baroque
                                   adorned with stuccowork, especially the side             floor plan and has an austere dressed stone          style and was designed by Guerrero Strachan
                                   chapels.                                                 façade. The interior is arranged around a            and Rivera Vera. Of particular note are the main
                                                                                            courtyard and has a double portico crowned with      staircase, the assembly hall and the Salón de
                                   A few metres further along is the Plaza de la            a balustrade featuring Roman sculptures. It was      Los Espejos (Hall of Mirrors).
                                   Merced, a typical example of nineteenth-century          used for a whole host of different businesses -
                                   town planning. The convents of La Paz and La             even a tobacco factory- before being eventually      The Puerta Oscura Gardens are behind the City
                                   Merced and the Santa Ana hospital once stood             turned into local government offices. In a few       Hall, under the south wall of the Alcazaba, on the
                                   here, but no trace of them remains. The                  years' time, though, it will be converted into the   site of an ancient Roman villa. The gardens are
                                   monument to General Torrijos was erected in the          Museum of Fine Arts and Archaeology, whose           organised into terraces and zigzag paths in
                                   centre of the square in 1842, eleven years after         items are not being exhibited right now due to       order to take advantage of the mountain slope.
                                   he was executed by a firing squad on San Andrés          the lack of a suitable space to display them. In     Opposite the eastern wall of the City Hall are the
                                   beach only for being a Liberal. The monument is          the meantime, some of the best works from the        Pedro Luis Alonso Gardens, where nineteenth-century
                                   by Rafael Mitjana, who designed a slender                Museum of Fine Arts are on display on the            landscaping blends with Spanish-Muslim
                                   obelisk crowned with a wreath of laurel.                 ground floor.                                        features such as a pool with water jets and rows
                                                                                                                                                 of orange trees.
                                   Pablo Ruiz Picasso was born in 1881 in the               Next to the Custom House is the Paseo del
                                   northern part of the square, in one of the so-           Parque, a promenade that stretches between           The eastern end of the Paseo del Parque runs
                                   called Casas de Campos. The building where               the port, Cortina del Muelle and the slopes of       into the Plaza del General Torrijos, in the centre
                                   he was born has housed the Picasso                       the Alcazaba. This green space, which is             of which is a nineteenth-century fountain named
                                   Foundation since 1988 and is considered to               approximately 800 m long and sits on land            Las Tres Gracias, which previously stood in the
                                   have one of the most comprehensive archives              reclaimed from the sea in the late nineteenth        Plaza de la Constitución. If you continue along
                                   of documents relating to this artist in the whole        century, is less a park in the usual sense than      the Paseo de Reding you will see the Plaza de

                                   world. It also has a museum section exhibiting a         a botanical garden. Numerous tropical and            Toros (a nineteenth-century Neo-Mudéjar
                                   choice selection of prints, photographs, and             subtropical tree species, including one or two       bullring) and on the right, around 100 m further

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                                   along, the former Miramar Hotel, which is now the       has an artistic façade and a beautiful eighteenth-
                                   Palacio de Justicia (Courthouse). This is another       century style courtyard. The adjacent building,
                                   great building designed by Guerrero Strachan in         the Ateneo de Málaga (Málaga Athenaeum),
                                   the 1920s.                                              was formerly a School of Arts and Trades, where
                                                                                           Picasso attended his first art lessons. These two
                                   Back in the city centre, you will find the Plaza de     buildings and the Santo Cristo de la Salud
                                   la Marina, between the port and Málaga's two            Church (on Compañía St.) belonged to the
                                   main streets, Larios and La Alameda. This               Society of Jesus. The seventeenth-century
                                   square has been remodelled many times, and on           church has a circular floor plan crowned with a
                                   the latest occasion, sections of the Nasrid walls       large dome. It houses a magnificent altarpiece
                                   and the seventeenth-century port walls were             dating from 1633 and Pedro de Mena's tomb.
                                   uncovered and are now preserved in the
                                   underground car park. The monument to the               If you continue along Compañía St. to Los
                                   Marquis of Larios, by Mariano Benlliure,                Mártires Alley, you end up at the square and
                                   overlooks the Plaza. The Marquis of Larios was          church of the same name: the Iglesia de los
                                   the driving force behind Málaga's new aspect            Santos Mártires (Church of the Holy Martyrs),
                                   and this was why Larios St. was named after             commissioned by the Catholic Monarchs. Work
                                   him. It links the port district directly to the Plaza   began on it in the sixteenth century but it was
                                   de la Constitución. Larios St., the street for          remodelled in the eighteenth century, so the
                                   shopping in Málaga's, was designed by Eduardo           decoration is late Baroque.
                                   Strachan in late nineteenth century according to
                                   the Chicago School standards. It was recently           Back on Compañía St. and heading west
                                   remodelled and is now the best kept part of the city.   towards the River Guadalmedina, take the
                                                                                           Pasillo de Santa Isabel, which runs parallel to
                                   Larios St. leads into the Plaza de la Constitución,     the river. At number 10 you will find the Mesón
                                   a former Muslim market square that was turned           de la Victoria, a tavern built in the seventeenth
                                   into the city's main square after the Christian         century over a former fifteenth-century mosque.
                                   conquest. It was remodelled at the same time as         Since the 1970s, it has been home to the
                                   Larios St. and here they placed the Renaissance         Museum of Popular Arts, Customs and
                                   (sixteenth century) Fuente de Génova (Genoa             Traditions, offering a glimpse of what life in
                                   Fountain), which previously stood on one of the         Málaga was like in centuries gone by, the city's
                                   arbours dotted along the Paseo del Parque. The          rural, mining, industrial and bourgeois past,
                                   eastern side of this square leads onto a little lane    along with a well-preserved collection of
                                   known as Pasaje de Chinitas, with its typical           utensils, tools and furnishings.
                                   echoes of García Lorca's bulls, flamenco dancing
                                   and singing.ç                                           As you leave Pasillo de Santa Isabel, you will
                                                                                           come across Plaza de Arriola and the Central
                                   On the northern side of the square, you will find       Market, where the Puerta de las Atarazanas, the
                                   the former Consulate, now the central offices of        gateway to the former medieval shipyards, still

                                   the Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País               stands. Although it has been considerably
                                   (Economic Society of Friends of the Country). It        restored, this gate still features a large pointed

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                                   horseshoe arch, the only element remaining from
                                   a large 5,000 m2 building that in the Christian
                                   period served as an arsenal which collapsed after
                                   the explosion of several gunpowder mills in the
                                   seventeenth century. After its reconstruction, it
                                   was turned into a hospital, and in the nineteenth
                                   century it was used as a college to train surgeons
                                   and even as an artillery garrison, until the
                                   decision was made in 1868 to demolish all of it,
                                   except for the southern gate, in order to build the market.

                                   The Santuario de la Virgen de la Victoria (Our Lady
                                   of Victory Sanctuary) is outside the old quarter but
                                   still in the city centre. It was originally a chapel built
                                   on the site where Ferdinand the Catholic set up
                                   camp as he prepared to take Málaga. In the
                                   seventeenth century, the chapel was replaced with a
                                   Baroque church, whose construction was funded by
                                   the Count of Buenavista.

                                   Inside the church, of particular note are the Lady
                                   Chapel, which has exuberant Rococo artwork
                                   intermingled with angels, plant motifs and Marian
                                   symbols, as well as the crypt belonging to the
                                   Counts of Buenavista. The latter is morbidly
                                   dramatic, with white plasterwork ornaments
                                   against black backgrounds, which gives it a
                                   macabre dramatic character.

                                   Leaving Málaga by the Autovía de Las Pedrizas
                                   (A-4; N-331) you will see a sign indicating the exit
                                   for Finca de la Concepción, one of the best
                                   tropical gardens in Europe. It was built in the
                                   nineteenth century by the Marquises of Casa
                                   Loring, who erected a Classical-style palace on
                                   the site. The estate has an unusual display of                A little farther away (3 km away from the Coín      Villalcázar revamped it as a court garden, with
                                   forests with bridges, small waterfalls and a                  road exit from N-340 motorway) stands El Retiro     beautiful fountains, sculptures and water effects.
                                   graceful Doric bandstand. Countless motion                    Estate, built as requested by bishop Alonso de
                                   pictures have been shot here. It was declared a               Tomás in the seventeenth century. The garden        FIESTAS

                                   Historic-Artistic Garden in 1943, and was                     was turned into a patio in the eighteenth century   Málaga has two major popular celebrations:
                                   acquired by the City.                                         by the Counts of Buenavista. Later, the Count of    Holy Week and the August Fair. There are,

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                                                                                                                                                                                         TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                              CONVENTION BUREAU
                                   however, other festivities that are deeply              fairground auditorium. Bullfighting fans also await      mainly find boquerón (anchovies), jurel (horse
                                   ingrained in popular tradition, such as Carnival in     for the fair to start because the best bullfights take   mackerel), salmonetes (red mullet), calamares
                                   late February, Corpus Christi in late May or early      place in La Malagueta on these days.                     (squid), and pijotas (baby hake). You could also
                                   June, the Virgen del Carmen celebration with its                                                                 try espetos de sardinas (grilled sardine
                                   maritime procession in mid-July, and the Fiesta         FOOD                                                     skewers), almejas (clams) and coquinas (type of
                                   Mayor de Verdiales (traditional Andalusian music        Málaga is an open tourist town and you can               clams). The list goes on, but this is the most
                                   festival) on 28 December at the Venta de San            sample almost any type of food at its many               common combination. Pescaíto frito is served in
                                   Cayetano in the neighbourhood of Puerto de la           restaurants, be it local, regional or international.     most restaurants around the city but it is
                                   Torre, where you can enjoy the traditional              There are restaurants to suit all tastes and             especially traditional in beachfront restaurants.
                                   verdiales competition while sampling the local          budgets, from more modest and affordable sites
                                   wine and dry cured pork. And, in addition, each         to more exclusive restaurants, including the             Other typical dishes are gazpacho and ajoblanco
                                   neighbourhood also organises its own fiestas.           Michelin-starred Café de Paris.                          (chilled garlic and almond soup), gazpachuelo (fish
                                                                                                                                                    soup) and ensalada malagueña (a salad of boiled
                                   During Holy Week, Málaga becomes a gigantic             However, visitors generally prefer to try local          potatoes, cod, oranges, hard-boiled eggs, olives,
                                   stage where the cofradías or fraternities re-enact      specialties, and there is no doubt that pescaíto         onions and olive oil). Plato de los Montes is typically
                                   the Passion of Christ in the streets, amid              frito (small fried fish) is the local dish par           served in the taverns that surround the city and is a
                                   tumultuous popular fervour that goes through the        excellence. Pescaíto frito can cover a range of          dish of fried potatoes, pork loin in lard, chorizo
                                   whole range of human emotions. Grandeur,                different types of fish and seafood, but you will        sausage, fried peppers and fried eggs.
                                   devotion, luxury, sobriety, joy, the singing of
                                   saetas, silence, cheers and applause... all
                                   forming a whole that is hard to explain but quickly
                                   embraced by anyone willing to experience it.

                                   The August Fair commemorates the taking of
                                   Málaga by the Catholic Monarchs and lasts for
                                   nine days full of fun and revelry. Over the last few
                                   decades, Málaga's fair has been held in two
                                   different places: the historic district hosts the so-
                                   called Feria de Día (Day Fair) and the Cortijo de
                                   Torres, outside the city, where the activity
                                   continues on through the night. In the city centre,
                                   traditional bars get crowded, whereas at Cortijo
                                   de Torres, there are public and private marquees
                                   that draw in the crowds.

                                   The official programme for these dates is full of
                                   events and there is something to meet all tastes.
                                   There is special emphasis, however, on local
                                   folklore and flamenco and on contemporary music,

                                   especially for young people, who can attend
                                   performances by famous groups and singers in the

 162     Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                        Málaga                            Index                       Málaga, Sun and Culture                       163
                                                                          L  A CAÑADA                                                               Marbella

                                                    TOURIST BOARD &
                                                   CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                                         USEFUL INFORMATION

                         index. Marbella
                 Málaga, Sun and Culture
                                                                                                                         Address: La Cañada Shopping Centre
                                                                                                                         Ctra. OJén, s/n
                                                                                                                         29603 Marbella
                                                                                                                         Tel.: 902 333 231 (only from Spain)

                         .  CINEMAS
                    La Cañada                                  page 165
                 Cinesur Plaza del Mar                         page 166
               Gran Marbella Cineplex                          page 167

           .   THEATRES
                                                                          DESCRIPTION                              SERVICES
         Parque de la Constitución Auditorium                  page 168
        El Ingenio Cultural Centre                             page 169   Audience Day: Wednesday                  Disabled access
       Ciudad de Marbella Theatre                              page 170   Number of screens: 8                     Air conditioning
                                                                          Total audience capacity: 1,618           Parking
      Exhibition and Conference Centre                         page 171                                            Bar

                                                                                                                                                                La Cañada
                                                                                                                   Children's seats
      . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS                                                                      Discount to people over 65
                                                                                                                   Youth card
      Cortijo de Miraflores                                    page 172                                            Student card
      Black Box Theatre                                                                                            Credit cards accepted

                                                               page 173
                                                                                                                   Late show
       Collumbrans Gallery                                     page 174                                            Numbered seats
        El Catalejo Arte Gallery                               page 175                                            Online ticket sales
                                                                                                                   Ticket sales by phone
           Pedro Peña Art Gallery                              page 176
             Exhibition Hall - Marbella Casino                 page 177

               Marbella Art Galery                             pág. 178
                  San Pedro Alcántara Art Galery               pág. 180
                      Puerto Banús Art Galery                  pág. 181

164                                                                                                        Index                 Málaga, Sun and Culture       165
                        c   INESUR PLAZA DEL MAR                                           Marbella          g    RAN MARBELLA CINEPLEX                                                   Marbella

                                                            USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                              USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                            Address: Plaza del Mar Shopping Centre                                                          Address: Avda. Julio Iglesias, s/n. 29660
                                                            Avda. Camilo José Cela, s/n 29602 Marbella                                                      Puerto Banús. Marbella
                                                            Tel.: (+34) 902 504 150 (ticket sales)                                                          Tfno: ( +34) 952 81 64 21 (ticket booking)
                                                            (+34) 952 766 942 (information)                                                                 Fax : (+34) 952 813 577
                                                            Website:                                                                        Web:
                                                            E-mail:                                                                        E-mail:

                        DESCRIPTION                      SERVICES                                            DESCRIPTION                              SERVICES

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Gran Marbella Cineplex
Cinesur Plaza del Mar

                        Number of screens: 8             Air conditioning                                    Audience Day: Wednesday                  Disabled access
                        Total audience capacity: 1,400   Disabled access                                     Number of screens: 7                     Air conditioning
                                                         Parking                                             Total audience capacity: 1,593           Bar
                                                         Buffet                                                                                       Late show
                                                         Venue hire                                                                                   Surround sound
                                                         Tiered seats                                                                                 Original version films
                                                         Ticket sales by phone                                                                        2-hour free car parking
                                                         Online ticket sales                                                                          Advance ticket sales
                                                         Advance ticket sales                                                                         Ticket sales by phone

                                                         Morning show                                                                                 Online ticket sales
                                                         Late show                                                                                    Numbered seats
                                                         Numbered seats
                                                         Audience Day
                                                         Student card
                                                         Youth card

                                                         Discount to people over 60

   166                  Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                        Marbella               Index                  Málaga, Sun and Culture             167
                                       p   ARQUE DE LA CONSTITUCIÓN AUDITORIUM                                        Marbella           e   L INGENIO CULTURAL CENTRE                                                   Marbella

                                                                                         USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                 USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                         Address: Avda. de España.                                                                          Address: C/ La Morera, s/n
                                                                                         Parque de la Constitución.                                                                         29670 San Pedro Alcántara
                                                                                         29602 Marbella                                                                                     Marbella
                                                                                         Tel.: (+34) 952 859 483                                                                            Tel.: (+34) 952 786 968
Parque de la Constitución Auditorium

                                                   Located in the central area of the                                                               The building is 110 years old but was

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     El Ingenio Cultural Centre
                                       Parque de la Constitución and surrounded by a                                                     renovated in 1992. It has a capacity of 250. It
                                       rich vegetation is this auditorium with a total                                                   offers theatre plays, children's theatre plays,
                                       capacity of 700. Music shows and theatre plays                                                    stand-up comedian shows, jazz and quarter
                                       are offered in the summer, from June to                                                           concerts.



      168                              Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                     Marbella                       Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture         169
                             c   IUDAD DE MARBELLA THEATRE                                                     Marbella          e    XHIBITION AND CONFERENCE CENTRE                                                    Marbella

                                                                                 USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                        USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                 Address: Plaza Ramón Martínez, s/n                                                                        Address: C/ José Meliá, 2
                                                                                 29603 Marbella                                                                                            29602 Marbella
                                                                                 Fax: (+34) 952 82 34 43                                                                                   Tel.: (+34) 952 828 244
                                                                                 E-mail:                                                                      Fax: (+34) 952 821 461
                                                                                 Tel.: (+34) 952 903 159                                                                                   Website:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Exhibition and Conference Centre
Ciudad de Marbella Theatre

                                        This modern building, located in                                                                     The Marbella Exhibition and
                             central Marbella, was inaugurated in 2001. It has                                                   Conference Centre has a privileged location, in
                             504 seats and a varied programme: dance,                                                            the heart of the Costa del Sol, 20 min. from
                             opera, music shows.                                                                                 Málaga International Airport, in the town of
                                                                                                                                 Marbella. This makes it easily accessible and the
                                                                                                                                 perfect location for visitors to stay in its hotels, go
                                                                                                                                 shopping to its great shopping centres, eat in its
                                                                                                                                 good restaurants, etc.

                                                                                                                                 The upper floor covers 3,112 sq m, ideal for
                                                                                                                                 events related to big conferences: lectures and

                                                                                                                                 presentations, gala dinners, smaller exhibitions or

                                                                                                                                 Its semicircular roof, supported by wooden
                                                                                                                                 arches and featuring big glass panels that let the
                                                                                                                                 light in, offers a stunning stage to host exhibitions,

                                                                                                                                 fairs or other kinds of big events. The centre is
                                                                                                                                 easily accessible, both to unload goods and
                                                                                                                                 equipment or have an independent entrance.

    170                      Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                         Marbella                           Index               Málaga, Sun and Culture               171
                        c   ORTIJO DE MIRAFLORES                                                                   Marbella         b    LACK BOX THEATRE                                                                 Marbella

                                                                                 USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                       USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                 Address: Avda. José Luís Morales y Marín, s/n                                                            Address: C/ Notario Luis Oliver, 6
                                                                                 29601 Marbella                                                                                           29602 Marbella
                                                                                 Tel.: (+34) 952 90 27 14                                                                                 Tel.: (+34) 952 779 172
                                                                                 Fax: (+34) 952 90 23 57                                                                                  E-mail:
                                                                                 E-mail:                                                                       Website:

                                     Built back in 1706, the Cortijo de                                                                          Black Box Theatre is a private
                        Miraflores used to be a country house that was                                                              enterprise, a creative space for researching and
Cortijo de Miraflores

                        home to a sugar mill and an olive oil press. It                                                             innovating freely with a genuine and independent
                        boasts decorative elements from earlier                                                                     commitment to the arts. It's a project by artists

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Black Box Theatre
                        constructions, like the medallions with images of                                                           targeted to art lovers. Black Box has a 500 sq m
                        saints. The building has a Mudéjar framework                                                                hall that puts on theatre plays, music shows and
                        similar to that in the assembly hall of the Town Hall.                                                      dance performances. It holds quality art events by
                                                                                                                                    national and international creators and stages
                        On the front are two coats of arms, one belonging                                                           contemporary plays by renowned and young
                        to the Franciscan Order and the other one to the                                                            playwrights. Its managers bet on contemporary
                        Domínguez family. The Cortijo de Miraflores has                                                             dance, dance-theatre, flamenco music, children's

                        also a beautiful garden boasting exotic plants.                                                             plays, puppet theatre, storytelling, festivals, and
                                                                                                                                    themed seasons.
                        Following refurbishing, it has become the Cortijo
                        de Miraflores Cultural Centre, which hosts
                        temporary exhibitions, lectures, film screenings,
                        and concerts, among other cultural events. It

                        hosts the Municipal Historic Archive and a
                        nineteenth-century olive oil press.

   172                  Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                                Marbella                        Index               Málaga, Sun and Culture           173
                      c   OLUMBRANS GALLERY                                                               Marbella           e   L CATALEJO ART GALLERY                                                         Marbella

                                                                             USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                     USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                             Address: Avda. del Mar, 4                                                                              Address: Avda. Príncipe Alfonso de
                                                                             29602 Marbella                                                                                         Hohenlohe Urb. Marbella Real
                                                                             Tel.: (+34) 952 858 221                                                                                29602 Marbella
                                                                             E-mail:                                                                     Tel.: (+34) 952 777 031
                                                                                                                                                                                    Fax: (+34) 952 777 031

                                  This art gallery is a space for                                                                          Established in 1994, El Catalejo Art
                      contemporary art, a place where we can watch                                                           Gallery is an extension of Galleria d'arte Il

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            El Catalejo Art Gallery
Collumbrans Gallery

                      and reflect on new and old artistic tendencies.                                                        Cannocchiale, opened in Milan in 1964. Top
                                                                                                                             artists have their works on the gallery's walls, for
                      It combines the twentieth-century avant-garde                                                          instance, Picasso, Miró, Hartung, Afro,
                      movement and more recent contemporary art                                                              Capogrossi, Morandi, De Chirico. But the gallery
                      trends.                                                                                                is interested also on talented but less well-known
                                                                                                                             artists, who are brought closer to both European
                      The art gallery wants to focus its business activity                                                   and other global markets. The number and quality
                      on quality art collecting from Marbella.                                                               of artists offered by El Catalejo is unique. This is
                                                                                                                             the reason why artists and art collectors from all

                                                                                                                             over the world want to meet in this space where
                                                                                                                             art and culture take the centre of the stage.


   174                Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                           Marbella                         Index              Málaga, Sun and Culture        175
                         p    EDRO PEÑA ART GALLERY                                                      Marbella           e   XHIBITION HALL - MARBELLA CASINO                                          Marbella

                                                                            USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                 USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                            Address: CN-340A, km. 179. C.C. Tembo.                                                             Address: Bajos Hotel H10 Andalucía Plaza
                                                                            Bloque C, local 1                                                                                  29660 Nueva Andalucía - Marbella
                                                                            29602 Marbella                                                                                     Tel.: (+34) 952 814 000
                                                                            Tel.: (+34) 952 906 948                                                                            Fax: (+34) 952 812 844
                                                                            Fax: (+34) 952 82 74 23                                                                            E-mail:
                                                                            Web:                                                                             Website:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Exhibition Hall - Marbella Casino
                                      Pedro Peña Art Gallery, inaugurated                                                              At the Casino, they do much more
Pedro Peña Art Gallery

                         in August 2001, has run numerous individual and                                                    than just gambling: exhibitions, tasting events,
                         group exhibitions: Francis Bacon, Ciria, Anton                                                     music shows, dinners and much more.
                         Lamazares, Mari Puri Herrero, Herminio, Jaume
                         Amigó, Eduardo Arroyo or Ximo Amigó. Its                                                           HOURS
                         collection includes work by Lucio Muñoz, Manolo
                         Valdés, Saura, Tàpies, Chillida, Chirino,                                                          Open from 8:00 a.m. to 17:00 p.m.
                         Genovés, Claudio Bravo, Barceló, Clavé, Úrculo,
                         and Fernand Leger.



   176                   Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                      Marbella                       Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture            177
                a   RT GALLERIES IN                                                                Marbella                                                                                       TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CONVENTION BUREAU
                ACUARELA                                      EL CATALEJO                                          LIVIANA LEONE STUDIO                              RAMÓN VILA
                Address: C/ Remedios, 7. Suite 1              Address: Avda. Príncipe Alfonso de Hohenlohe         Address: Avda. Antonio Belón, 3                   Address: C/ Misericordia, 15
                Old Quarter                                   Urb. Marbella Real                                   29602 Marbella                                    Old Quarter
                29601 Marbella                                29602 Marbella                                       Tel: (+34) 952 772 683 / +34) 952 860 260         29601 Marbella
                Tel.: (+34) 952 859 065                       Tel. and Fax: (+34) 952 777 031                      Website:                     Tel: (+34) 952 776 786
                Website:          Website:                   E-mail:                     Website:
                E-mail:             E-mail:                                                                      E-mail:
                                                                                                                   MESSEG DESIGN
                ARTE MARBELLA                                 ESPONA DIÓGENES HALL                                 Address: C/ Aluminio, 6                           VAN GESTEL
                Address: C/ Alonso de Bazán, 3                Address: Plaza Joaquín Gómez Agüera                  Polígono Industrial La Ermita                     Address: Plaza de los Naranjos, 11
                29602 Marbella                                Edificio María II. Suite 4                           29603 Marbella                                    29601 Marbella
                Tel.: (+34) 952 822 345                       29601 Marbella.                                      Tel. and Fax: (+34) 952 857 439                   Tel: (+34) 952 774 819
                E-mail:                Tel.: (+34) 952 770 228                              Website:
                                                                    (+34) 606 599 641 (Ana Mª Muñoz)               E-mail:                     VICTORIA
                COLUMBRANS GALLERY                                                                                                                                   Address: Urb. El Rosario.
                Address: Avda. del Mar, 4                     PERDIGUERO STUDIO                                    MILA´S GALLERY                                    Edificio Yellow Car
                29602 Marbella                                Address: Avda. Arias Maldonado, 3                    Address: Notario Luis Oliver                      29604 Marbella
                Tel.: (+34) 952 858 221                       29602 Marbella                                       29602 Marbella                                    Tel: (+34) 952 830 487
                E-mail:             Tel: (+34) 952 822 555
                                                              Website:                    PEDRO PEÑA ART GALLERY
                D.B. BRITISH AND INTERNATIONAL FINE ART                                                            Address: CN-340A, Km. 179
                Address: CN-340A, Km. 178                     ROSA COLLADO STUDIO                                  Tembo Shopping Centre. Block C. Suite 1
Art Galleries

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Art Galleries
                Urb. Marbella Real, 14. Suites 19-21          Address: C/ Virgen de los Dolores, 3                 29602 Marbella
                29602 Marbella                                Old Quarter                                          Tel: (+34) 952 906 948
                Tel.: (+34) 952 866 721 / (+34) 659 228 887   29601 Marbella                                       Fax: (+34) 952 827 423
                Website:               Tel: (+34) 952 863 528                               Website:
                E-mail:               Website:                  E-mail:

                DIDEH ART GALLERY                             LINDY G ART GALLERY
                Address: Marbella Club Shopping Area          Address: C/ Ortiz de Molinillos, 8
                29602 Marbella                                Old Quarter
                Tel: (+34) 952 859 396                        29601 Marbella
                E-mail:                     Tel: (+34) 952 824 312


  178           Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                      Marbella                        Index                Málaga, Sun and Culture              179
                      a  ART GALLERIES IN                                  San Pedro Alcántara                 a   RT GALLERIES IN                           Nueva Andalucía And Puerto Banús

                        ARTE SAN PEDRO                           OLERIONI STUDIO                               ART & GRÁFICA                                     HELLA MARIA HÖFER GALLERY
                        Address: Avda. Marqués del Duero, 68     Address: Guadalmina Shopping Centre           Address: C/ Jesús Puente                          Address: Edificio Las Terrazas de Banús.
                        29670 San Pedro Alcántara                29670 San Pedro Alcántara                     Edificio Las Terrazas de Banús,                   Suites 22 and 23
                        Marbella                                 Marbella                                      suite 21-A                                        29660 Puerto Banús
                        Tel.: (+34) 952 789 223                  Tel.: (+34) 952 885 989                       29660 Puerto Banús                                Marbella
                                                                                                               Marbella                                          Tel.: (+34) 952 908 123
                        COLORES DEL GIRASOL                      THE NORTON GALLERY                            Tel.: (+34) 952 906 566
                        Address: Los Halcones Shopping Centre.   Address: Guadalmina Shopping Centre.          Website:                     KYOMO AUCTION HOUSE
                        Shops 17-18                              Shop 25                                       E-mail:                         Address: Muelle Benabolá, 10
Art Galleries

                        Ctra. de Ronda, Km. 166                  Block 2. Guadalmina Alta                                                                        29660 Puerto Banús

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Art Galleries
                        29670 San Pedro Alcántara                29670 San Pedro Alcántara                     FORNARA GALLERY                                   Marbella
                        Marbella                                 Marbella                                      Address: Paseo Benabolá, 6-D                      Tel.: (+34) 952 818 102
                        Tel.: (+34) 952 769 006                  Tel.: (+34) 952 880 463                       29660 Puerto Banús
                                                                                                               Marbella                                          SAMMER GALLERY
                        SYTO OFICIO                                                                            Tel.: (+34) 952 811 449 / (+34) 617 400 142       Address: Avda. Julio Iglesias, 3

                        Address: Guadalmina Shopping Centre                                                    Website:                   Edificio Las Terraza de Banús. Suites 10-16
                        29670 San Pedro Alcántara                                                              E-mail:                   29660 Puerto Banús
San Pedro Alcántara

                        Marbella                                                                                                                                 Marbella
                        Tel.: (+34) 952 885 514                                                                LECRIN GALLERY                                    Tel.: (+34) 952 812 995 / (+34) 610 583 258
                                                                                                               Address: Conjunto Benabolá, 11-A. 1-2             Fax: (+34) 952 815 969

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Puerto Banús
                                                                                                               29660 Nueva Andalucía                             Website:
                                                                                                               Marbella                                          E-mail:
                                                                                                               Tel.: (+34) 952 814 354

   180                Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                            Marbella                       Index                  Málaga, Sun and Culture         181
                                                                                                                                                                                           TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                              CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                       The singular silhouette of the Sierra Blanca
                                                                  Marbella                        range, visible from anywhere in the district, is the
                                                                                                                                                         quarter. Some scholars have even entertained
                                                                                                                                                         the possibility that the site of present-day
                                                                                                  defining geographical feature of the region. Its       Marbella was founded by the Romans, and
                                     USEFUL INFORMATION                                           northern reaches are mountainous -with some            some go on to suggest that it could have been
                                                                                                  peaks exceeding 1,000 m- and criss-crossed by          the famous Iberian enclave of Salduba
                                     Surface area: 114.30 km2.                                    innumerable streams which continue to instil the       mentioned by Pliny and Ptolemy. In any case,
                                     Population: Around 126.422                                   area with a natural beauty despite the rampant         the perimeter of the ancient town, which was
                                     Name given to the local people: Marbellíes.                  spread of luxury housing developments carried          undoubtedly fortified, must have coincided with
                                     Location: It is situated in the centre of the Western        out over the past decades.                             what is now the old quarter.
                                     Costa del Sol, between the foot of the Sierra Blanca
                                     mountain range and the coast. The city is 57 km from         In spite of the extensive housing complexes that       Although the surviving remnants of the castle's
                                     Málaga. Its average annual rainfall is 630 l/m2 and the      have even reached areas far from the coastal           towers and walls date back to the Moorish
                                     average temperature is around 18º C.                         strip and despite the dubious taste of certain         period, the lowest part of the construction is
                                     What to see: Río Verde Roman Villa, Vega del                 buildings which don't match with the surrounding       certainly Roman, as are the foundations of some
                                     Mar Paleo-Christian Basilica, Roman Baths at                 landscape, old cork oaks, large pine woods and         of the buildings in the Plaza de los Naranjos, in
                                     Guadalmina, La Encarnación Church, Arab                      some olive groves can still be found in the            the heart of Marbella. Therefore, we could say
                                     fortress, San Juan de Dios Hospital, Bazán                   region. These, along with the newly created            that the town was quite important in Roman
                                     Hospital (Museum of Prints), Casa del Corregidor,            private gardens and the carefully kept golf            times. The Vega del Mar Paleo-Christian
                                     Santo Cristo de la Vera Cruz Chapel, Town Hall,              courses (of which there are fourteen in the            Basilica, located near San Pedro Alcántara,
                                     Santo Cristo Church, Cortijo Miraflores Museum,              district), make greenery one of the basic              dates back to the Visigothic period and stands
                                     Bonsai Museum, Santiago Chapel, Ralli Museum                 elements of Marbella's landscape and a key             out as one of the most remarkable constructions
                                     and Roman Baths or Vaults.                                   attraction for the highly affluent tourists who        built during that period in Spain.
                                     Tourist Information:                                         frequent the area.
                                     Glorieta de la Fontanilla, s/n - 29602 Marbella                                                                     With the Moorish invasion, the city fell under the
                                     Tel.: (+34) 952 774 693 / 771 442 - Fax: (+34) 952 779 457   The second most-populated town within the              control of various dynasties until the Banu-
                                     E-mail:                                  province of Málaga, Marbella, was home to              Marins (Berbers) took power in 1274. Later it
                                     Plaza de los Naranjos, 1 - 29601 Marbella                    Palaeolithic settlers -its first inhabitants,          became part of the Kingdom of Granada -as did
                                     Tel.: (+34) 952 823 550 / (+34) 952 773 621                  centuries ago- as evidenced by weapons and             the rest of the region- until it was conquered by
                                     Fax: (+34) 952 773 621                                       tools found at Coto Correa, in the Las Chapas          Ferdinand and Isabella in 1485.
                                     E-mail:                               area, and in the Pecho Redondo Cave (in this
                                     Arco de Marbella. CN-340A, Km. 183 - 29603 Marbella          case, Neolithic) in the southern foothills of the      In the sixteenth century, the city began to
                                     Tel.: (+34) 952 822 818 / (+34) 952 822 944                  Sierra Blanca. There are no traces of other            undergo a process of extensive renovation,
                                     Fax: (+34) 952 822 944                                       civilizations here until the end of the                which started with the demolition of part of the
                                     In San Pedro Alcántara:                                      Carthaginian period, from which there are              medina or old quarter to create a central plaza,
                                     Marqués del Duero, 69 - 29670 San Pedro Alcántara            remains that suggest the Carthaginians might           the present-day Plaza de los Naranjos. A street
                                     Tel.: (+34) 952 785 252 / (+34) 952 789 090                  have built a factory in Río Verde, about 5 km          was also built to connect this new urban area
                                     Arco de San Pedro - A-7 (CN-340A), Km. 170                   from Marbella.                                         with the sea. The name of the city changed from
                                     29670 San Pedro Alcántara                                                                                           Barbesula, in the Roman period, to Barbella

                                     Tel.: (+34) 952 781 360 / 781 359 - Fax: (+34) 952 781 359   The Romans left their mark on the region, as           under the Moors, and finally became Marbella -
                                     In Puerto Banús:                                             seen in the Río Verde villa, the baths at              a derivation of the Arab name- with the arrival of
                                     Main entrance to the port - 29660 Puerto Banús               Guadalmina and other findings in the old               the Christians.
                                     Tel.: (+34) 952 818 570 - Fax: (+34) 952 818 570

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                                                                                                                                                                                                  TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                                     CONVENTION BUREAU
                                     In light of the city's present-day aspect, it's difficult
                                     to imagine that nineteenth-century Marbella was
                                     once a leader of the Spanish mining industry, with
                                     blast furnaces to process iron extracted from the
                                     Sierra Blanca mines. Within the span of a single
                                     century, the city witnessed its own transformation
                                     from an industrial centre to a world-class tourist

                                     HOW TO GET THERE
                                     By car, take the Costa del Sol AP-7 toll motorway
                                     or the Autovía del Mediterráneo N-340 highway
                                     (CN-340A). Both routes are well signposted.

                                     WHAT TO SEE
                                     Marbella boasts the highest concentration of golf
                                     courses in Spain -and even much of Europe- along
                                     with marinas, restaurants, a casino, luxury hotels and
                                     very elegant shops, not to mention its excellent
                                     beaches covering more than 20 km of coastline. But
                                     this is not all, for the city also offers a historical-artistic
                                     heritage of great interest, and its historic centre has
                                     admirably withstood the "latest craze," which has
                                     changed Marbella in so many ways.

                                     The Roman Villa of Río Verde, discovered in
                                     1962, was built between the first and second                      The basilica has been roughly dated to the fourth or      around an octagonal courtyard with a pool at its
                                     centuries A.D. It is located about 5 km from the                  the sixth centuries, with different arguments in          centre. Seven interconnected octagonal
                                     city centre. The highlights of the site are the                   favour of one or the other. It has a rectangular floor-   chambers surround the courtyard. The upper
                                     mosaics, of great artistic quality. They depict                   plan and three naves. It is also known that one of        area is situated at a height of nearly 5 m and is
                                     culinary motifs, whose structuring is considered                  the two sacristies was converted into a baptistery in     crowned by a central dome that lets natural light
                                     by some experts to be very similar to the art of the              the sixth century (under Byzantine domination), for       in to illuminate the pool. The remains of clay
                                     twentieth century. The central figure of the                      which a 1.1 meter-deep baptismal font was                 pipes found here indicate that hot water or hot
                                     Medusa head is surrounded by birds, ducks, urns                   installed. Jewels, pottery, coins and inscriptions        air was possibly piped into the baths.
                                     and plant motifs in a variety of colours.                         corresponding to various funerary offerings have all
                                                                                                       been found at this site.                                  The Church of La Encarnación, whose
                                     The Vega del Mar Paleo-Christian Basilica,                                                                                  ecclesiastical authorization dates back to 1505,
                                     discovered in 1915, is in the town of Linda Vista                 Next to the entrance archway of San Pedro                 was erected in 1618. It features a magnificent

                                     Baja, next to San Pedro Alcántara. A necropolis                   Alcántara lie the Guadalmina Roman baths.                 Baroque red-stone façade. The central nave (it
                                     with more than 180 burial sites was also                          Dating from between the second and third                  has three) ends in a semicircular apse crowned
                                     uncovered during its excavation.                                  centuries A.D., the complex was constructed               by a vault. The main altarpiece, also Baroque,

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                                     is adorned with an image of St Barnabas, the            Patron Saint. The choir contains the Organ of       Inaugurated in 1992, the Museo del Grabado
                                     city's Patron Saint. The choir contains the             Sol Mayor, one of the most important among          Español Contemporáneo (Museum of
                                     Organ of Sol Mayor, one of the most important           those manufactured in Spain over the past           Contemporary Spanish Prints, C/ Hospital
                                     among those manufactured in Spain over the              twenty-five years.                                  Bazán, s/n. C.P. 29601. Marbella. Tel.: (+34) 952
                                     past twenty-five years.                                                                                     765 741) stands out among Spain's museums.
                                                                                             The Santo Cristo Church, built between the          Almost all the famed Spanish engravers have
                                     Parts of the old Arab fortress, some sections of        fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, is one of the    one or more works on display on the museum
                                     the walls and a tower are very well preserved.          oldest buildings in Marbella. The Santo Cristo de   halls, including Antonio López, Picasso, Dalí,
                                     Roman materials were used in its construction           la Vera Cruz Chapel was built in the sixteenth      Tàpies, Clavé, Equipo Crónica, Genovés,
                                     (ninth to tenth century), including the stone blocks    century and subsequently restored in the            Sempere, Palazuelo, Chillida, Barceló, Sicilia…
                                     in the lower part of the walls as well as three Ionic   eighteenth century. These two buildings are         Temporary exhibitions and series of conferences
                                     capitals that serve here as support stones.             interesting examples of the city's religious        are also organised here.
                                     The Renaissance, Gothic and Mudéjar styles can                                                              Ralli Museum (Address: CN-340A, Km. 176.
                                     be found in the San Juan de Dios Hospital, built        Marbella's museums are housed in five different     Urb. Coral Beach - 29602 Marbella - Tel.: (+34)
                                     in the sixteenth century. The lower part of the         buildings and cover a variety of topics. The        952 857 923) The Ralli Museums belong to a
                                     stone façade contrasts with the whitewashed bell        Museo Cortijo de Miraflores (C/ Luis Morales        private non-profit international organisation
                                     tower, painted in white after the old popular           and Marín, s/n. Tel.: (+34) 952 902 714) is         whose the main purpose is to draw the general
                                     tradition. The main entranceway is made of stone,       located in an early-eighteenth-century building.    public's attention to the quality of contemporary
                                     and the royal coat of arms, as well as that of the      It underwent an extensive refurbishing to           Latin American art. These museums were
                                     Order of St. John of God, is carved into its            accommodate several temporary exhibition halls      created, funded and managed by Mr Harry
                                     wooden door. A Mudéjar ceiling has been                 as well as its hallmark permanent exhibit: an old   Recanati, a retired banker and art collector. So
                                     preserved in the chapel.                                olive oil mill and all the equipment used for       far, five Ralli Museums have been established in
                                                                                             producing olive oil.                                various countries, and admission to all of them is
                                     The Bazán Hospital, also from the sixteenth                                                                 free of charge.
                                     century, is a peculiar building. It was                 The peculiar Museo de Arte Mecánico (Museum
                                     constructed on top of three old Arab houses,            of Mechanical Art, C/ EI Ingenio de la              The Ralli Museum in Marbella exhibits the most
                                     giving its rooms a strange asymmetry. Just as           Morena, s/n. Tel.: (+34) 952 786 968)               important collection of Latin American paintings
                                     with the San Juan de Dios Hospital, the                 exhibits machines made out of scrap metal,          across Europe. The works have been selected
                                     remains of this building feature Renaissance,           while the Museo del Ralli (C/ Urbanización          only taking their quality into account, irrespective
                                     Gothic and Mudéjar elements. It was formerly            Coral Beach, 5. Tel.: (+34) 952 857 923)            of the reputation of the artists or market value.
                                     the residence of Alonso de Bazán, the city's            houses a collection of works, most of them          Most of the eight-hundred artists whose work is
                                     alderman.                                               contemporary, by Latin American artists.            on display in the museum's galleries are quite
                                                                                                                                                 well known in their countries of origin, although
                                     The Church of La Encarnación, whose                     The Museo del Bonsai (Parque Arroyo de              not generally famous internationally.
                                     ecclesiastical authorization dates back to 1505,        la Represa. C.P. 29601. Marbella Tel.:(+34)
                                     was erected in 1618. It features a magnificent          952 862 926) is considered as one of the            Also, museum-goers will find paintings by
                                     Baroque red-stone façade. The central nave (it          best of its kind in all of Europe. Its              Chagall, Max Ernst, Miró, Dalí, Henry Moore,

                                     has three) ends in a semicircular apse crowned          collection of wild olive trees is impressive,       Wunderlich, and André Masson, among other
                                     by a vault. The main altarpiece, also Baroque, is       as well as tiny Spanish firs, a native              artists, and sculptures by European artists like
                                     adorned with an image of St Barnabas, the city's        species in danger of extinction.                    Dalí or Maillol.

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                                                                                                                                                                                                           CONVENTION BUREAU
                                     The cosmopolitan nature of Marbella has not
                                     taken anything away from its festive traditions,
                                     actually quite the contrary. Its festival calendar
                                     has, however, become more diversified to
                                     accommodate an ever more heterogeneous

                                     The Fair of San Bernabé, held close to 11 June,
                                     is the celebration most deeply rooted in popular       strengthened over the past decades by the               vegetable soup) and ajoblanco (chilled garlic
                                     tradition of all Marbella's fiestas. The fair takes    creation of new cofradías (fraternities).               and almond soup). However, Marbella's
                                     place in the historic centre by day and, at sunset,                                                            culinary tradition is much more varied than that,
                                     it moves over to the fairgrounds. Regardless of        The first documents that mention this religious         and it's not at all surprising that the cuisine here
                                     the venue, a noticeable Andalusian air                 celebration in Marbella date back to the                enjoys merited renown. Several of the most
                                     predominates, truly enjoyed by foreign visitors.       sixteenth century and attest to the existence of        acclaimed restaurants on the Costa del Sol are
                                     The pilgrimage to the Cruz de Juanar, a symbolic       the Misericordia and the Vera Cruz fraternities.        located in Marbella, where international haute
                                     place located in the mountain range of the same        Only scanty historical data point to the keeping        cuisine combining tradition and innovation has
                                     name, takes place on 1 May.                            of this tradition throughout the eighteenth and         found a home.
                                                                                            nineteenth centuries, and it wasn't until the
                                     Marbella's second city centre, San Pedro               1960s that it began to see renewed popularity.          MARINAS
                                     Alcántara, celebrates four days in honour of its       There are eleven cofradías in Marbella, San             One of the features contributing to Marbella's
                                     Patron Saint around 19 October. The municipal          Pedro Alcántara and Nueva Andalusia, where              pre-eminent position as a tourist destination is
                                     pavilion is the site of the most acclaimed             they feature a live re-enactment of Jesus'              the quality of its marinas. They are not just run-
                                     performances and is the centrepiece of the fair,       entrance into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday.                 of-the-mill marinas with all the usual services,
                                     which also includes a procession of the Saint          The walls of the old Arab castle provide an             but true centres of leisure and recreation with
                                     through the main streets of the city.                  impressive historical backdrop for the portrayal        lots of commercial and social activity.
                                                                                            of the entrance of Jesus into Jerusalem together        It could be said that it isn't that frequent for a
                                     As in most of the mountain towns in the region,        with Our Lady of Peace on Palm Sunday.                  single community to have four marinas as
                                     Marbella celebrates the traditional tostón (chestnut                                                           Marbella does. Here, visitors can choose
                                     roast) on 1 November, at the time of the All Saints'   One of the most spectacular and moving                  between La Bajadilla fishing port, the Marbella
                                     Day festivities. Groups of young people spend the      moments of Marbella's Holy Week celebrations            or Cabopino marinas, or Puerto Banús, which is
                                     day in the countryside collecting chestnuts, which     occurs when the Maria Santísima del Calvario's          without a doubt the most famous, not only
                                     are then roasted and eaten, local brandy being the     (Our Lady of Calvary) float is carried down from        because of the large luxury yachts usually
                                     perfect accompaniment to them.                         its chapel on Holy Thursday.                            moored here, but also because of the number
                                                                                                                                                    and quality of the leisure facilities, shops and
                                     It is during Holy Week, however, that Marbella's       FOOD                                                    restaurants located nearby. It has got to the
                                     Andalusian character really comes to the fore.         Pescaíto frito (small fried fish), popular in all the   point where a stay in Marbella isn't complete

                                     This celebration not only coexists perfectly with      coastal communities of Málaga, is certainly the         without a visit to Puerto Banús. The four marinas
                                     the customs and traditions of the thousands of         most requested of the typical dishes. Other             offer a total of about 1,729 moorings, more than
                                     foreign residents, but has actually been               specialties include paella, gazpacho (chilled           half of which are located in Puerto Banús.

 188       Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                      Marbella                          Index                      Málaga, Sun and Culture                     189
                                                                                 m       IJAS AUDITORIUM                                                                 Mijas

                                                           TOURIST BOARD &
                                                          CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                                                      USEFUL INFORMATION

                           index. Mijas
                        Málaga, Sun and Culture
                                                                                                                                      Address: Jardines de la Muralla, s/n
                                                                                                                                      29650 Mijas
                                                                                                                                      Tel.: (+34) 952 590 380 (Mijas Council
                                                                                                                                      Culture Department)
                                                                                                                                      Fax: (+34) 952 590 380

                  .  THEATRES
              Mijas Auditorium                                        page 191
            Las Lagunas Theatre                                       page 192
                                                                                              The Mijas Auditorium, located in the
                                                                                 Jardines de la Muralla, Mijas Pueblo, near the

                                                                                 bullring and the parish church, hosts innumerable
            CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS                                cultural events throughout the year, especially in

                                                                                                                                                                                  Mijas Auditorium
                                                                                 the summer. In August, the auditorium also hosts
       Mijas Pueblo House of Culture / History and Ethnography                   the Villa de Mijas Theatre Festival
       Museum / Popular University                                    page 193
      Las Lagunas House of Culture                                    page 194
      La Cala Cultural and Sports Centre                              page 195
      Patio de las Fuentes Exhibition Hall (Town Hall)

                                                                      page 196
      Tamisa Art Gallery                                              page 197

190                                                                                                                         Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture            191
                      L  AS LAGUNAS THEATRE                                                                     Mijas     m       IJAS PUEBLO HOUSE OF CULTURE / HISTORY    Mijas
                                                                                                                                                     AND ETHNOGRAPHY MUSEUM /
                                                                                                                                                               POPULAR UNIVERSITY
                                                                           USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                           Address: Camino de Campanales, s/n
                                                                           29649 Las Lagunas, Mijas Costa                                                                           USEFUL INFORMATION
                                                                           Tel.: (+34) 952 590 380
                                                                                                                                                                                    Address: Plaza de la Libertad, 2
                                                                                                                                                                                    29650 Mijas
                                                                                                                                                                                    Tel.: (+34) 952 590 380

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Mijas Pueblo House of Culture
                                   Open since April 2006, Las Lagunas                                                                  This cultural space opened its doors   There is also a library in the premises, an
                      Theatre is located halfway from the Sierra de                                                       to the public in May 1995. The building, on De la   auditorium used for theatrical, music
Las Lagunas Theatre

                      Mijas Institute and the Sports City.                                                                Libertad Street, was the Town Hall from 1912 to     performances, and classes. The Popular
                                                                                                                          1986, when the city authorities moved to a new      University teaches courses in the building (Tel.:
                      With a surface area of 3,000 sq m and a capacity                                                    building in Virgen de la Peña Square. The façade    (+34) 952 485 483 - 952 586 926). This
                      of 750, the theatre has a modern stage with a                                                       boasts two telamons or Hercules made in 1916        University, accessed from Muro Street, is the
                      state-of-the-art equipment, including moving                                                        by the French sculptor Thomas Porres.               oldest centre of the entire district, since it started
                      platforms and sophisticated sound and lighting                                                                                                          its activities in this building 23 years ago.
                      facilities. Visibility is perfect from every seat.                                                  Its interior has a beautiful central patio,
                                                                                                                          surrounded by all the rooms of the building. When
                                                                                                                          it ceased to be used as Town Hall it was

                                                                                                                          renovated and it became the present-day History
                                                                                                                          and Ethnography Museum.


   192                Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                          Mijas                        Index                     Málaga, Sun and Culture                  193
                               L  AS LAGUNAS HOUSE OF CULTURE                                                             Mijas       L  A CALA CULTURAL AND SPORTS CENTRE                                                 Mijas

                                                                                     USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                   USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                     Address: C/ San Valentín, s/n                                                                        Address: Boulevard de La Cala, s/n
                                                                                     Mijas Costa                                                                                          29649 La Cala (Mijas Costa)
                                                                                     Tel.: (+34) 952 590 380                                                                              Tel.: (+34) 952 587 750
                                                                                     Fax: (+34) 952 466 183                                                                               E-mail:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    La Cala Cultural and Sports Centre
Las Lagunas House of Culture

                                          This multi-purpose space has a                                                                            Open since September 2005, the
                               library and a classroom area for the different                                                         cultural centre is divided into several areas.
                               workshops conducted by the Popular University.                                                         There's an exhibition hall -the youngest of the
                               Moreover, it is home to the main office of the                                                         district-, library, classrooms where workshops
                               Popular University, Las Lagunas Centre for                                                             conducted by the Popular University are offered
                               Continuing Education, and the offices of the                                                           (pottery, painting, dancing, Spanish as a foreign
                               departments for Development and Youth of the                                                           language, English, computing…) and a space for
                               Mijas Council.                                                                                         sporting activities (gym, body shaping, karate,
                                                                                                                                      and yoga, among others)
                               There's a two-floor exhibition hall, the largest in
                               the district, which runs individual and group

                               exhibits, offers theatre plays, concerts and


    194                        Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                             Mijas                        Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture          195
                                       p    ATIO DE LAS FUENTES EXHIBITION HALL(TOWN HALL) Mijas                                               tAMISA ART GALLERY                                                                          Mijas

                                                                                              USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                       USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                              Address: Plaza Virgen de la Peña, s/n                                                                    Address: Plaza de la Constitución - Edificio
                                                                                              29650 Mijas                                                                                              Alcazaba
                                                                                              Tel.: (+34) 952 589 000                                                                                  29650 Mijas Pueblo
                                                                                              Fax: (+34) 952 589 001                                                                                   Tel.: (+34) 952 485 215
                                                                                              E-mail:                                                                                    Fax: (+34) 952 590 567
Patio de las Fuentes Exhibition Hall

                                                    The modern Town Hall, built in 1987                                                                    The Tamisa Art Gallery, in Mijas
                                       by architect Antonio Herrezuelo, is the most                                                            Pueblo, contains permanent collections of works
                                       beautiful on the coast thanks to its Andalusian                                                         by different local, national or international artists

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Tamisa Art Gallery
                                       style and a big covered patio. In the interior we'll                                                    like Valentín Kovatchev, Michele L., Lorenzo
                                       find the city offices, the auditorium (where they                                                       Quinn, or jewellers such as Carrera y Carrera.
                                       offer concerts, lectures, and celebrate weddings),
                                       and the Patio de Las Fuentes, which is used as
                                       an exhibition hall.

                                       This hall, on the underground level, hosts several
                                       exhibitions all the year round.



      196                              Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                                Mijas                         Index               Málaga, Sun and Culture               197
                                                                                                                                                                                  TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                      CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                           The district of Mijas is tucked between the
                                                                    Mijas             sea and its namesake mountain range. The
                                                                                                                                             mineral resources of the region. The first
                                                                                                                                             historical reference to the town comes from
                                                                                      proximity of the highest peak (1,130 m) to the         Ptolemy, a geographer at the School of
                                  USEFUL INFORMATION                                  coast at times makes for rather abrupt contrasts       Alexandria during the second century A.D. He
                                                                                      in elevation. The many steep valleys, mountain         most likely visited the area at the time or had
                                  Surface area: 147 km2.                              crests and rolling hills are still home to areas of    received information from those who knew it
                                  Population: About 53,000.                           native vegetation, despite the spectacular             well, given the accuracy of his descriptions.
                                  Name given to the local people: Mijeños.            encroachment of housing developments
                                  Location: In the Western Costa del Sol, the town    introduced into the area in recent years, which        In Roman times, the area was called Tamisa,
                                  is situated approximately 430 m above sea level,    has made it increasingly more difficult to             and apparently, the economy was thriving here
                                  30 km from the provincial capital and 8 km from     maintain the small pastures and olive groves           because the town was next to the Appian Way, a
                                  neighbouring Fuengirola. Average annual rainfall    that provide such a scanty economic return             Roman road connecting the cities of Cádiz and
                                  is 660 l/m2 and the average temperature is          these days.                                            Málaga. The Arabs called the town Mixa, from
                                  around 17º C.                                                                                              which the Christians then derived the present-
                                  What to see: Virgen de la Peña Chapel,              Even so, a certain general respect for the             day name: Mijas.
                                  Inmaculada Concepción Church, Bullring,             surroundings, along with the powerful
                                  Carromato de Max, Casa Museo (House                 landscape, has prevented golf courses and              The Moors took control of the village shortly after
                                  Museum), Museo de las Torres Vigías                 construction projects from hiding the natural          landing on the Iberian Peninsula. By 714 they were
                                  (Watchtower Museum).                                beauty of the region. The mountains and the            already governing it while allowing the inhabitants to
                                  Tourist Information:                                people themselves continue to be the defining          keep their possessions, religion and customs in
                                  Tourist Office,                                     features of the district. The coastline, on the        exchange for a certain percentage of their livestock
                                  Virgen de laPeña Plaza (29650).                     other hand, has been almost entirely developed         and agricultural production.
                                  Tel.: (+34) 952 485 820.                            between Fuengirola and Marbella with the
                                  Fax: (+34) 952 486 694.                             exception of a few rocky stretches.                    The good relations between Muslims and
                                                                                                                                             Mozarabs were strengthened under the
                                                                                      This district, like many others in the province of     leadership of Umar ibn Hafsun, with a cordial
                                                                                      Málaga, consists of several towns including            relationship developing out of the two sides'
                                                                                      Mijas Pueblo, Las Lagunas and Cala de Mijas.           mutual need for one another. Upon the death of
                                                                                      Mijas Pueblo is a typical, whitewashed,                Umar ibn Hafsun, Abd-ar-Rahman III
                                                                                      Andalusian village of Moorish layout. It houses        reconquered the area.
                                                                                      most of the town's monuments and its
                                                                                      administrative centre. The majority of the             Mijas resisted Christian's harassment until the
                                                                                      municipal services and some residential areas          fall of Málaga, in 1487. Upon hearing of the city's
                                                                                      can be found in Las Lagunas, while Cala de             conquest, the inhabitants of Mijas believed an
                                                                                      Mijas, situated right on the coast, is entirely        unconditional surrender would be the most
                                                                                      residential and dedicated to "sun and sand" tourism.   advantageous. They sent a delegation to
                                                                                                                                             Málaga to agree on the terms of the surrender,
                                                                                      Archaeological evidence points to Mijas as             but they were imprisoned and some were even
                                                                                      belonging to the Turdetan culture, and other           sold as slaves. The distribution of the town's

                                                                                      remains attest the fact that the Phoenicians and       lands among Old Christians took place in 1494
                                                                                      the Greeks settled in the area, trading the            and, in 1521, the community was granted the

198     Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                      Mijas                         Index                      Málaga, Sun and Culture                       199
                                                                                                                                                                                   TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                       CONVENTION BUREAU
                                  title of "village" as a reward for its fidelity to      Although the Virgen de la Peña Chapel does not
                                  Charles I during the Commoners' Rebellion. In           stand out for its artistic value, it is the place
                                  addition, Joanna the Mad declared the village           where the community's patroness is honoured.
                                  exempt from having to pay the alcabalas -a tribute on   This real centre of religious devotion was carved
                                  all goods traded.                                       out of the rock by monks during the second half
                                                                                          of the seventeenth century. Legend has it that
                                  Centuries later, on 2 December, 1831, Mijas             the image of the Virgin was found in the walls of
                                  played witness to an important historic event as        the old castle during the last third of the
                                  General Torrijos landed on the beach of El              sixteenth century, in a place where it had been
                                  Charcón with fifty two of his companions. They          hidden eight centuries earlier to prevent its being
                                  crossed the district of Mijas towards the               taken by the Muslims. The grounds of the chapel
                                  mountains and then travelled down to Alhaurín de        are lined with carefully tended gardens that lead
                                  la Torre, finally taking refuge in a big farmhouse      to a viewpoint where an incredible vista, not just
                                  belonging to the Count of Mollina. Some days            of Mijas and Fuengirola, but also of a good
                                  later, on 11 December, the General and his men          stretch of the Costa del Sol can be enjoyed.
                                  were executed by firing squad on San Andrés
                                  beach, in Málaga for their opposition to Ferdinand      The Church of the Inmaculada Concepción,
                                  VII's absolutism.                                       dating back to the sixteenth century, was
                                                                                          constructed on the crown of a hill where a castle,
                                  HOW TO GET THERE                                        and later a mosque, once stood. The church's
                                  From the Costa del Sol, take Autovía del                interior is divided into three naves with the
                                  Mediterráneo (AP-7; N-340). When heading from           central one conserving its Mudéjar coffered
                                  Málaga to Cádiz, once you pass Benalmádena,             ceiling. The tower was built on a square floor-
                                  take the Mijas exit and then follow the A-368.          plan, and some experts believe it may have
                                  When coming from Fuengirola towards Málaga,             belonged to the old fortress.
                                  follow the Autovía del Mediterráneo, and then the
                                  A-387 motorway. In both cases the routes are            The original Bullring, located in La Muralla and
                                  clearly indicated by signs.                             built in 1900, breaks all the architectural rules
                                                                                          usually seen in such buildings. Built on rock, it
                                  WHAT TO SEE                                             features an oval inner ring set into a square
                                  Upon arriving at Mijas Pueblo, visitors will            exterior. Ceramic tiles lining the walls recall the
                                  immediately notice the ambience of an Oriental          great moments of the best bullfighters to have
                                  bazaar in the numerous shops in the old quarter.        graced the bullring over the years: Paquirri,
                                  This is not so much due to the kinds of goods           Palomo Linares, Niño de la Capea and Ángel Teruel.    Open to the public since 1995, the Casa Museo
                                  being sold -although this could almost be the                                                                 (House Museum, Plaza de la Libertad. Tel.:
                                  case- but because of the way in which small             The Carromato de Max (Del Compás Ave.) is             (+34) 952 590 380) displays traditional farming
                                  shops line the narrow village streets. Alongside        considered to be the world's first museum of          equipment and tools that allow visitors to get a
                                  this multicoloured hotchpotch, the alleyways and        miniatures. Some of its most impressive pieces        feel for the rural lifestyle prevalent in the region
                                  busy plazas play host to the constant coming and        include the "Our Father" prayer written on the        until but a short time ago. The first floor of the

                                  going of the famous donkey taxis, one of Mijas's        edge of a business card and a portrait of             building is dedicated to temporary arts
                                  best-known and unique tourist attractions.              Abraham Lincoln on the head of a pin.                 exhibitions.

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                                  The Museo de las Torres Vigías (Watchtower              streets on the opening day to the beat of music
                                  Museum), in Cala de Mijas (Tel.: (+34) 952 590          played by bands. On the day of Our Lady of La
                                  380) houses a visitor centre offering information       Peña, 8 September, the image of the patroness
                                  on the watchtowers found in the Mijas district          is carried from the parish church to its chapel,
                                  (Torre de Calaburras, Torre Vieja, Torre Nueva          after being honoured with a floral offering.
                                  and Torre de Calahonda), and also features a
                                  detailed account of Torrijos's landing on the Mijas     There are many musical performances every
                                  coast, as well as a display of the various local        day, and a wide variety of competitions and
                                  fishing methods and their tools.                        activities for children and adults alike. In the
                                                                                          Bullring there are horse-taming exhibitions,
                                  FIESTAS                                                 horse races, and the "crazy rally." Both villagers
                                  Each of the three population centres celebrates         and visitors are careful not to miss the giant
                                  its own fair. Las Lagunas launches its fireworks        paella cook-off or the popular dance
                                  first with its fair getting underway in the first two   competition. A fireworks display finally marks the
                                  weeks of June. The festival is celebrated at the        end of the celebrations, which have to wait until
                                  fairgrounds but kicks off with a grand parade           the following year to come back.
                                  through the main streets. The municipal pavilion
                                  and the youth pavilion are generally the two            The Virgen de la Peña Plaza has played host to
                                  liveliest locations thanks to the musical               the Día Internacional de los Pueblos
                                  performances held there. The celebrations also          (International Peoples' Day) for the past years.     hornazos (sweet bread) are the town's most
                                  feature equestrian exhibitions, fishing and radio-      The festivities feature a multicultural parade,      popular baked products.
                                  ham competitions. A fireworks grand finale brings       folklore and ethnic performances, as well as jazz
                                  the festivities to a close.                             and Celt music concerts.                             LEISURE
                                                                                                                                               One of Mijas's most interesting contributions to
                                  Cala de Mijas waits for the second two weeks of         Visitors cannot miss the opportunity to taste food   leisure and sports is the Costa del Sol
                                  July to start celebrating. Festivities start off with   and drink specialties from all over the world        Racetrack, inaugurated just a few years ago and
                                  parade featuring cabezudos (large-head figures)         without stepping outside the fairgrounds, while      already considered as one of the best in Spain.
                                  and giants accompanied by musical bands,                exhibitors take part in a competition where          In addition to the horse races, its fairgrounds
                                  majorettes and the Queen of the Fair with her           prizes are awarded in a variety of categories.       welcome live music performances and house
                                  ladies-in-waiting. Concerts are held all day long in                                                         several restaurants. Races take place on
                                  the official municipal pavilions, while costume,        FOOD                                                 Sunday mornings during the winter and on
                                  flamenco singing, sand-castle building and fishing      The large foreign population in the town has         Saturday nights during the summer.
                                  competitions add to the fun. Various sports             exposed Mijas's food tradition to countless new
                                  competitions, including golf, discus, indoor            international recipes that were virtually unknown    The Mijas Water Park has contributed to an
                                  football and tennis, round out the festivities. An      in the region until recently. However, the town      increase in family tourism in the area, offering
                                  impressive fireworks grand finale tops it all off.      does still keep its own cooking traditions,          practically every sort of aquatic attraction you
                                                                                          featuring specialties like salmorejo (a soup         can imagine (kamikaze, wave pool, labyrinth of
                                  The fiestas in honour of the Virgen de la Peña are      made with tomato and garlic) as well as other        waterslides, soft slides, adventure river, and
                                  held in Mijas Pueblo during the second week of          types of soups including maimones (made with         water world for children). It also features a large

                                  September. A spectacular cabezudos and giants'          egg and Spanish ham), cachorreñas, garlic, and       picnic area, beach volleyball courts, mini golf
                                  parade makes its way through the town's main            gazpachuelo (fish soup). Buñuelos (fritters) and     and several game rooms.

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                                                               c   AVE EXPLORING VISITOR CENTRE                                              Montejaque

                                         TOURIST BOARD &
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                                                                                                                      USEFUL INFORMATION

              index. Montejaque
              Málaga, Sun and Culture
                                                                                                                      Address: Avda Andalucía, 50
                                                                                                                      29360 Montejaque
                                                                                                                      Tel.: (+34) 952 167 196
                                                                                                                      Fax: (+34) 952 167 351

      Cave Exploring Visitor Centre

                                                                                                                                                           Cave Exploring Visitor Centre
                                                    page 205
                                                                           The district of Montejaque opened
                                                               the first Cave Exploring Visitor Centre of
                                                               Andalusia last year. The facility is also a learning
                                                               centre where teachers, students, experts and
                                                               speleologists do courses or offer lectures. The
                                                               centre has a privileged location, since
                                                               Montejaque is surrounded by limestone rock

                                                               By means of information signs, showcases and
                                                               videos, the centre shows the most interesting

                                                               facts about the karstic features of the mountains
                                                               that surround Montejaque, the caves and rocks,
                                                               the relation of men with caves, cave exploring
                                                               both as a sporting and a scientific activity, caving
                                                               techniques, underground photography and bat

                                                               protection measures. Moreover, the auditorium at
                                                               the Montejaque Town Hall hosts temporary

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                                                       Montejaque                                The district of Montejaque stretches between the
                                                                                            Guadiaro Valley and the Sierra de Líbar mountain
                                                                                                                                                      1810 on the River Gaduares bridge. José
                                                                                                                                                      Aguilar commanded a squad of about 250 men
                                       USEFUL INFORMATION                                   range, and part of its territory goes deep into           from several nearby villages (Benaoján, Atajate,
                                                                                            Grazalema Nature Park. The district boasts                Montejaque, Cortes and Jimera de Líbar) who
                                       Surface area: 46.60 km2.                             magnificent landscapes, enhanced by the emergence         defeated 600 soldiers and 90 cavalrymen from
                                       Population: Around 1,000.                            of such peaks as Peñón de Mures (865 m), Cerro            France.
                                       Name given to the local people: Montejaqueños.       Tavizna (899 m) and El Hacho (1,065 m).
                                       Location: In the western part of the Serranía de                                                               HOW TO GET THERE
                                       Ronda highlands, the region to which it belongs.     Surprisingly, only 2 km from the village, between         Leave Ronda via the A-376, and 4.5 kilometres
                                       It is 140 km from Málaga City, 21 km from            the Montalate and Juan Diego mountain ranges,             farther, take the MA-555 to Benaoján. Then, take
                                       Ronda and only 2 km from Benaoján. The               the country opens up and broad plains with                the MA-506 towards Montejaque. Another way
                                       village is almost 700 metres above sea level.        grazing cattle appear. This area is quite different       to reach Montejaque is by the A-376 from
                                       The area records an average rainfall of more         from all the other areas in the district, whose           Ronda. Drive along 12 km and take the exit onto
                                       than 1,600 l/m 2, and the annual average             terrain is extremely uneven.                              the MA-505, which leads straight to Montejaque
                                       temperature is 16º C.                                                                                          without passing through Benaoján.
                                       What to see: Parish Church of Santiago el Mayor      The village, sheltered by imposing rocks,
                                       (St James the Great), Cueva de la Pileta (in         comprises two fairly distinct areas: the lower
                                       Benaoján), Hundidero-Cueva del Gato.                 part, with a rectilinear street layout, and the           WHAT TO SEE
                                       Tourist Information: Town Hall. Plaza de la          upper one, from the Muslim era, with steep and            Montejaque's greatest asset is, undoubtedly, its
                                       Constitución, 4 (29630). Tel.: (+34) 952 167 196.    winding streets. The name of the place derives            natural setting, since the only important
                                       Fax: (+34) 952 167 351.                              from the Arabic language and is usually                   monument is the Parish Church of Santiago el
                                                                                            translated as "lost mountain." There is no record         Mayor (St James the Great), located between
                                                                                            of any settlement prior to the arrival of the Arabs,      the village's upper and lower parts. It was built
                                                                                            who apparently built a castle that commanded              back in the sixteenth century (late Gothic), but it
                                                                                            views of part of the Serranía. After the Christian        was rebuilt in 1773. It consists of three different
                                                                                            conquest and the cession of Montejaque and                naves. The decoration of the Baroque chapel in
                                                                                            Benaoján to the Count of Benavente, the two               the Gospel side of the church is especially
                                                                                            villages ceased to be considered as outskirts of Ronda.   worthy of note. Visitors who come to Montejaque
                                                                                                                                                      will probably go to Benaoján too, since it's only 2
                                                                                            During the Moorish uprising, unusual events               km away. Benaoján has the La Pileta Cave,
                                                                                            occurred in Montejaque: its Mayor, the Moorish            which has been declared a Cave Art National
                                                                                            Mamad Idriz, was attacked several times for               Monument, due to the quality of its paintings.
                                                                                            openly collaborating with the Christians. His
                                                                                            decision to help the Christians bore fruit in the end,    Cave explorers will find the Hundidero-Cueva del
                                                                                            since, with the Moorish population driven out, he         Gato caves extremely interesting. The River
                                                                                            was given lands and even an annuity for a lifetime.       Guadares is literally swallowed by the cave system
                                                                                                                                                      and only re-emerges 4 kilometres ahead, at the

                                                                                            Chronicles state that in the early nineteenth             Cueva del Gato cave. Years ago, a dam
                                                                                            century, during the War of Independence, a well-          construction was started in the area to take
                                                                                            known guerrilla named José de Aguilar                     advantage of the abundant rainfalls but the attempt
                                                                                            confronted the Napoleonic troops on 20 October            failed because in the limestone that was to serve as

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                                                                  a natural container numerous sinkholes occurred         Other ingredients on Montejaque's typical recipe
                                                                  through which water leaked out. The remnants of         list are garbanzo, squash, peas, artichoke,
                                                                  the structure have been preserved as a remainder        bacon, black pudding and kid, which make
                                                                  of the lack of technical expertise. Nevertheless,       delicious stews. Molletes (bread rolls) and
                                                                  whenever a heavy rain falls, the reservoir fills with   homemade marmalade are indispensable to any
                                                                  water and the spot becomes exceptionally beautiful.     Montejaque-style breakfast. The local must wine
                                                                                                                          is highly prized for its unique flavour.
                                                                  The Virgin of the Conception festival takes place       LEGENDS
                                                                  from 15 to 17 May and also from 13 to 16 August,        The Virgin of the Conception enjoys deep
                                                                  which is when the celebration gathers a huge            devotion in Montejaque. The story goes that
                                                                  crowd. There are competitions, verbenas (open air       Ronda was being devastated by an epidemic
                                                                  celebrations), musical performances (including          and its residents, aware of the miracles that
                                                                  flamenco) and the procession of the Virgin.             had been performed by the patroness of
                                                                                                                          Montejaque, asked for the Virgin to be brought
                                                                  The unusual juego del cántaro (pitcher game) is         to their town so that she could stop the
                                                                  played in Carnival time. A pitcher is hurled from one   epidemic from spreading. Those who carried
                                                                  person to another in ever-widening circles, so that     the statue of the Virgin noticed that as they
                                                                  the pitcher will most probably fall onto the ground.    walked uphill exiting town, the statue became

                                                                                                                          heavier and heavier, until they could go no
                                                                  FOOD                                                    farther and decided to return. The following day
                                                                  The most traditional dish is stewed potatoes,           news came from Ronda announcing that the
                                                                  seasoned with one piece of every part of a pig.         epidemic had subsided.

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                                                                  v  ILLA DE NERJA CULTURAL CENTRE                                                    Nerja

                                              TOURIST BOARD &
                                             CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                                     USEFUL INFORMATION

                       index. Nerja
                    Málaga, Sun and Culture
                                                                                                                     Address: C/ Granada, 45
                                                                                                                     29780 Nerja
                                                                                                                     Tel.: (+34) 952 523 863
                                                                                                                     Fax: (+34) 952 524 007

                .   THEATRES

                                                                                                                                                               Villa de Nerja Cultural Centre
            Villa de Nerja Cultural Centre             page 211
                                                                             In this cultural centre, visitors can
         . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS                  enjoy theatre plays, dance performances,
                                                                  concerts and films.
       Villa de Nerja Cultural Centre                  page 212
      Mercado Hall                                     page 213

210                                                                                                        Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture          211
                                 v  ILLA DE NERJA CULTURAL CENTRE                                                      Nerja        m      ERCADO HALL                                                              Nerja

                                                                                    USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                           USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                    Address: C/ Granada, 45                                                                      Address: Plaza de la Ermita, s/n
                                                                                    Tel.: (+34) 952 523 863                                                                      29780 Nerja
                                                                                                                                                                                 Tel.: (+34) 952 520 190
                                                                                                                                                                                 Fax: (+34) 952 520 190
Villa de Nerja Cultural Centre

                                            The site used to house an olive-oil                                                               Nerja has transformed the former
                                 press dating from the dawn of the twentieth                                                        town market into the city exhibition hall.
                                 century; then it was demolished and the Town
                                 Council built and opened the Cultural Centre in
                                 1998. The centre organises different activities,

                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Mercado Hall
                                 such as folklore, dance, music, theatre
                                 performances and workshops. It has a total
                                 audience capacity of 335.



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                                                                                               The eastern edge of the province of
                                                                     Nerja              Málaga is connected with the province of
                                                                                                                                                   fortress whose remains can still be seen in
                                                                                                                                                   Castillo Alto (High Castle), next to the old
                                                                                        Granada by the district of Nerja. This town is not         Frigiliana turnoff.
                                  USEFUL INFORMATION                                    only the most important tourist centre in Eastern
                                                                                        Costa del Sol, but also has the most appealing             In 1487, after Vélez surrendered, Nerja sent
                                  Surface area: 84.40 km2.                              coastal landscape throughout Málaga's coast,               its representatives to the town in order to
                                  Population: Around 18,000.                            since the sides of Sierra de Almijara wildly burst         show respect for the Catholic Monarchs,
                                  Name given to the local people: Nerjeños.             into the sea in a way that is unusual in this              hence avoiding bloodshed. Shortly after that
                                  Nickname: Morralleros.                                Mediterranean area, making up a highly rugged              visit, Pedro de Córdoba took possession of
                                  Location: Nerja is located on the easternmost         seashore. This coastal environment has been                the town on behalf of the Catholic Monarchs
                                  side of Axarquía and, therefore, of the province of   called Maro Cliffs-Cerro Gordo Natural Site and            Under Christian rule, the population began to
                                  Málaga, at the foothills of Sierra de Almijara.       has an array of little virgin coves which are              decrease, and in order to prevent further
                                  Situated 30 m above sea level, the town is 45 km      difficult to be accessed, but nevertheless worth seeing.   dropping in population numbers, Joanna the
                                  away from Málaga. Nerja has an annual average                                                                    Mad ordered Nerja to be repopulated with Old
                                  rainfall of 460 l/m2 and an average annual            Towards the interior, the territory of Nerja goes          Christians from Vizcaya, Valencia, Galicia
                                  temperature of about 20° C.                           up the Sierra de Almijara, which integrates with           and Málaga itself.
                                  What to see: Old Quarter, Balcón de Europa            the Tejeda range through a region of steep
                                  (Europe's Balcony), El Salvador Church, Ermita        ravines, gorges and crests, grooved by                     By the end of the sixteenth century, the first
                                  de Las Angustias (Chapel of Our Lady of               numerous       watercourses,       forming     an          sugar mill was set up in Nerja, and in late
                                  Sorrows), Nuestra Señora de las Maravillas (Our       extraordinarily diverse mountain landscape. In             eighteenth century, there was a paper factory
                                  Lady of Wonders) Church (Maro), Acueducto del         the areas closest to town, there are a large               that took water from the De la Miel River. The
                                  Águila (Eagle's Aqueduct), Cave of Nerja,             number of housing developments that coexist -              factory operated until the early twentieth century.
                                  Chanquete's Boat, Maro Cliffs-Cerro Gordo             probably not for very long- with terraced plots            During the War of Independence, the English
                                  Natural Site.                                         where all kinds of subtropical fruits and                  tore down the fortress that used to be where now
                                  Tourist Information:                                  vegetables are raised.                                     the Balcón de Europa (Europe's Balcony) is,
                                  Tourist Office,                                                                                                  together with the local port.
                                  C/ Puerta del Mar, 2.                                 The first remains of human settlement in this
                                  Tel.: (+34) 952 521 531                               district were found in the famous Cave of Nerja,           The name of the town derives from an Arabic
                                  Tourist Office,                                       dating back to the Aurignacian, Upper                      word: Narixa, Naricha or Narija, apparently
                                  C/ Carmen, 1 Bajos Ayuntamiento                       Palaeolithic period. There is no information               taken from a pre-Roman name. The translation
                                  29780-Nerja. (Málaga)                                 regarding other civilisations before the Roman             of "abundant spring" that some suggest for this
                                  Tel. 952-52.15.31                                     arrival, when apparently a small settlement                name is not very reliable, although there are
                                  Fax 952-52.62.87                                      (Detunda) put down roots in current Maro. Maro             plenty of reasons to talk about water abundance
                                                                 is another centre of population of Nerja, where            in this district.
                                                              the cliffs and the Cave of Nerja itself are located.
                                                                                        However, the first historic document about the             HOW TO GET THERE
                                                                                        history of Nerja appears in a writing by Ibn Said          Nerja is situated on the Costa del Sol, therefore
                                                                                        Al-Mugrabi, the poet, written during the rule of           you only need to take the Autovía del
                                                                                        Abd-ar-Rahman III (tenth century). He refers to            Mediterráneo expressway (A-7, N-340) from any

                                                                                        this town as a farming community where fine silk           point at the coast of Málaga and drive towards
                                                                                        products were made. Old Narixa was built by a              Motril-Almería.

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                                  WHAT TO SEE
                                  If there is a town in Costa del Sol that looks at the sea
                                  almost defiantly, that is Nerja. Its main avenue starts
                                  in the old quarter of town and comes out directly onto
                                  the metallic rail that overlooks the Mediterranean
                                  Sea. But before going to this exceptional viewpoint,
                                  you should take a walk down the city's old quarter.
                                  With a layout designed in 1487 -and despite being
                                  under international tourism pressure- the streets'
                                  main decorative motif is still whitewashing, though it
                                  can be seen that some spots have replaced their
                                  picturesque features into on those of comfort and

                                  Built on the site of the fortress that was destroyed
                                  in 1812 during the Independence War, lies the
                                  famous Balcón de Europa (Europe's balcony), at
                                  the end of a wide avenue lined in palm trees and
                                  reaching a circular plaza from where you can
                                  catch a panoramic view over the stunning
                                  coastline of Nerja and the sea.

                                  For years, it was said that when King Alfonso
                                  XII visited the area after the earthquake that
                                  shook Axarquía in 1884, he gave it the name it
                                  is worldwide known by. However, there is much
                                  doubt about the truth in this story. What is true
                                  is that from that time onwards, former Paseo
                                  de la Batería, named after the array of
                                  canyons in the fortress, started to be known as
                                  Balcón de Europa.

                                  The Iglesia de El Salvador (Church of the
                                  Saviour), whose construction was ordered by
                                  Joanna the Mad in 1505, was finished in 1697,
                                  and some time later (in the eighteenth century) it
                                  was renovated. The church has three naves. The
                                  central one has a Mudéjar framework and the

                                  side naves are covered with quadrant vaults and
                                  the crossing is topped with a semi-spherical

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                                  dome. The Gospel nave's Lady Chapels are
                                  decorated with eighteenth-century fresco
                                  paintings belonging to the School of Granada,
                                  and the Annunciation mural, painted by Vélez-
                                  born Francisco Hernández, stands out. The plain
                                  façade is topped with a triple bell tower.

                                  The Chapel of Nuestra Señora de las Angustias
                                  (Our Lady of Sorrows), from the first third of the
                                  eighteenth century, has a single nave and is
                                  topped with a semi-cylindrical vault. The chancel
                                  has a semi-spherical dome with paintings from
                                  the School of Granada (eighteenth century).

                                  In Maro, you'll find the Parish Churdh of Nuestra
                                  Señora de las Maravillas (Our Lady of Wonders),
                                  finished in the seventeenth century. Its single
                                  nave is covered with a wooden frame that was
                                  restored in the nineteenth century. Its exterior is
                                  very simple, but the tower, topped with a
                                  pyramidal spire and a belfry, is spectacular.

                                  El Águila Aqueduct) was built over the Maro river by
                                  Francisco Cantarero to supply water to the San
                                  Joaquín sugar refinery. It has four brick arcade
                                  storeys that make up the 37 semi-circular arches.
                                  Right in the centre, there's a shrine that reads "Pure
                                  and Immaculate Conception." Together with the
                                  Cave and Europe's Balcony, the aqueduct is one of
                                  Nerja's landmarks, and it's funny how some unaware
                                  visitors can take it for a Roman work. It does make
                                  some sense, though, since it can be glimpsed from
                                  one small stretch of the N-340 and the bricks are not
                                  noticed at first sight.

                                  Discovered in 1959 at the foothill of Sierra de
                                  Almijara, the Cave of Nerja is the most important
                                  natural cavity of the area, not only because of its
                                  dimensions, but also because of its beautiful

                                  stalactites and stalagmites and the richness of its
                                  archaeological remains. This is why it was

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                                  declared National Historic-Artistic Monument.          One should not forget that this district has about   Cruces de Mayo (Crosses of May), celebrated in
                                  The cave has four rooms that are open to the           16 km of coast with 12 beaches (some are             early May, has a long-standing tradition in Nerja.
                                  public: the Bethlehem Room, where you will find        coves), ideal for sea bathing. The most popular      With the passing of time, this tradition has been
                                  the ceramics and the Cro-Magnon museum; the            ones are Burriana (the largest one), Playazo,        changed but never lost, hence what used to be
                                  Ghosts Room, named after the ghostly shapes of         Torrecilla and Calahonda. Except for the coves       gallantry among young people is nowadays a
                                  the stalactite formations; the Ballet Room, where      of Maro, where stalls are forbidden, all the other   popular celebration based on colourful floral altars
                                  music and dance festivals are held; the                beaches are fully fitted out.                        placed in different streets and which are the starting
                                  Cataclysm Room, called this way because                                                                     point for singing, dancing and buying of traditional
                                  apparently an earthquake broke one of the              If visitors want to include a curious attraction,    products. Around 30 crosses are set up around.
                                  columns whose remains are scattered over the           they should see Chanquete's boat, La Dorada,         Some of them are so popular that it is necessary to
                                  ground. It is the Cataclysm Room where the             used when shooting Verano Azul (Blue                 block off the streets because of the crowd.
                                  biggest column in the world stands (18 m thick         Summer), a series broadcast by TVE (Spanish
                                  and 49 m high). The column is included in the          Television Network). This series helped make         Maro hosts a celebration honouring (St. Anthony
                                  Guinness Book of Records.                              the town popular throughout Spain. The boat is       the Abbot on 16 and 17 January. As in days gone
                                                                                         in Parque Verano Azul (Blue Summer Park),            by, on the first day many bonfires are started to
                                  Amongst the cave paintings, the most                   named after the television series.                   invoke protection of animals against illnesses.
                                  outstanding are the roaring deer, the ibex, the                                                             On the following day, there is a Mass and later a
                                  pregnant mare and the so-called Dolphins               Another spot worth visiting is the old quarter of    lively traditional open-air dance.
                                  Sanctuary. The Cave of Nerja is the most               Maro, whose architecture is popularly traditional.
                                  important monument in the province of Málaga in                                                             On May 15, St. Isidore's Procession takes
                                  terms of number of visitors (over 500,000 a year).     FIESTAS                                              place. It is a massive event where not only
                                                                                         Patron saint's day in honour of St. Michael the      locals go but also many foreigners who live in
                                  The Cave of Nerja Festival (late July-early            Archangel and Our Lady of Sorrows, established       the town. After a verdiales service at the
                                  August) is the oldest one in Costa del Sol. It         in 1804, is celebrated from 8 to 12 October,         Church of El Salvador (Our Saviour), where
                                  has been staged for more than 30 years, and            when many people from nearby towns come to           the saint is presented with vegetable products
                                  has an international scope both because of the         participate in the festive atmosphere created by     from Nerja, the chariots leave the Balcón de
                                  magnificent venue (the Ballet Room within the          Nerja's residents. After the patrons' night          Europa and head towards the Chapel of
                                  cave) and the prominent figures who                    procession, all kinds of activities take place,      Santo en La Mina, next to the Cave of Nerja,
                                  participate in it. The Queen of Spain herself          from a flamenco festival to sports competitions,     where the celebration starts. There's dancing,
                                  once attended the Festival to listen to                open-air dances and all sorts of concerts.           singing and amazing amounts of food.
                                  Rostropovitch's recital. Other relevant figures
                                  who have participated in this festival are José        The Virgen de las Maravillas (Virgin of              Nerja's love of the sea is displayed on 16 July,
                                  Carreras, Montserrat Caballé, Alfredo Kraus            Wonders) fair is held in Maro around 8               Virgen del Camen's Day. The celebration starts
                                  or Kiri Te Kanawa, among others.                       September, when the Virgin goes all over the         with a great traditional moraga, and in the
                                                                                         town streets, and neighbours do the                  afternoon, after Mass, the Virgin of El Carmen is
                                  There are other interesting caves in the district of   deafening coheteá (fireworks), its importance        taken on a boat and there she starts the journey
                                  Nerja that have been overshadowed, such as the         depending on their money availability.               through the waters of Nerja, escorted by several
                                  ones in Alto del Cielo (1,505 m), known as Caves       Traditional music and moragas (typical meal          vessels in one of which there is a display of
                                  of Civila and Sima Zárate. Other important caves       and food, which consists of grilled nuts and         fireworks after the sunset.

                                  are Del Muro, Sima Espartal, Sima de la Cuesta         dried fruit, sardine and other type of fish) are
                                  and Cueva Pintada, where archaeological                the heart of the celebration that dates back to      The Sanjuaneo (Eve of St John, on June 24) is
                                  ceramic remains were found.                            the sixteenth century.                               also a celebration associated with the sea.

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                                                                                                                                                                                                         CONVENTION BUREAU
                                  Activities include the ritual of burning júas (large
                                  rag dolls filled with sawdust), moragas, and
                                  jumping over the embers and going into the sea
                                  on the beaches of Burriana, Torrecilla and Playazo.

                                  Both in Nerja and in Maro, Holy Week is
                                  characterized by the simplicity and respect shown
                                  by the public attending the procession parades,
                                  but this doesn't mean that the cofradías
                                  (fraternities) are not popular -quite the opposite,
                                  though-, and popular devotion for them is openly
                                  voiced during the procession.

                                  Nerja's fondness for Carnival is not new, but it
                                  was in recent years that the celebration gained
                                  unprecedented relevance, surprising even those
                                  in charge of the organisation, since almost the
                                  entire town takes part. The number and variety of
                                  costumes is striking. They can be seen at the
                                  election of King Momo and the Nymphs. The
                                  Burial of Chanquete is a sympathetic and
                                  somehow irreverent funeral procession.

                                  Sea and garden products combine deliciously in
                                  Nerja's food, resulting in a rich and varied
                                  gastronomy. The great tourist wave into the town        NATURE                                                 (less than 1 km ) road that leaves the N-340
                                  has also favoured the opening of top quality            The Maro-Cerro Gordo Cliffs Natural Sites begins       highway 400 meters past kilometre 302. The El
                                  hotels, also making a diverse offer as far as           where the foot of Sierra de Almijara drops off into    Pino coves are sandy and located quite near to
                                  international cuisine is concerned. The most            the Mediterranean . It was declared a Natural Site     one another, being separated by some immense
                                  traditional dishes are pepper with fish and clams,      by the Environmental Agency in 1989. Covering          rocks. One of the largest coves is Alberquillas; it
                                  fish and pasta casserole, ajoblanco with grapes         an area of 375 ha and reaching one kilometre out       is joined to Molino de Papel Beach by the remains
                                  (creamy soup made with grapes, almonds, bread           to sea, it is an area of great ecological              of an ancient watchtower. It can be accessed by
                                  crumbs, garlic, olive oil and vinegar), ajo colorao     significance, as much for the diversity of species     a road that turns off at Km. 299 of the N-340.
                                  (vegetable and fish dish), Burriana grilled red         as for the variety of substrates and unique pattern
                                  bream, cabbage, fried pumpkins with sardines,           of ocean currents, which allow for a rich marine       In the westernmost part of the park are the easily-
                                  choto or calf meat in almond sauce and, certainly,      flora and fauna.                                       accessible Maro beaches, along with La Caleta ,
                                  pescaíto frito (fried fish), served in any restaurant                                                          tucked in between the cliffs and the lowlands. The
                                  on the Costa del Sol.                                   In the area of the cliffs, there are numerous coves    Department for the Environment has started an

                                                                                          of great natural beauty including the large and oft-   all-terrain transport service to facilitate access to
                                                                                          visited Cañuelo, which is accessed by a short          these coves.

222     Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                        Nerja                          Index                     Málaga, Sun and Culture                        223
                                                                             y  ELMO CINEPLEX                                        Rincón de la Victoria

                                                       TOURIST BOARD &
                                                      CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                                            USEFUL INFORMATION

      index. Rincón de laand Culture
              Málaga, Sun
                                                                                                                            Address: Rincón de la Victoria Shopping
                                                                                                                            Centre - Ctra. Totalán, s/n
                                                                                                                            29730 Rincón de la Victoria
                                                                                                                            Tel.: 902 220 922 (only from Spain)
                                                                                                                                  (+34) 952 978 707
                                                                                                                            Fax: (+34) 952 978 693

                   . CINEMAS
               Yelmo Cineplex Rincón de la Victoria               page 225
                                                                             DESCRIPTION                              SERVICES

           .  CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS                          Audience Day: Monday
                                                                             Number of screens: 16
                                                                                                                      Disabled access
                                                                                                                      Air conditioning
          Bezmiliana Fortress                                     page 226   Total audience capacity: 3,552           Parking

                                                                                                                                                                       Yelmo Cineplex
         Mare Nostrum Hall                                        page 227                                            Bar
                                                                                                                      Tiered seats
                                                                                                                      Children's seats
                                                                                                                      Discount to people over 65
                                                                                                                      Youth card
                                                                                                                      Student card

                                                                                                                      Morning show
                                                                                                                      Late show

                                                                                                                                                                       Rincón de la Victoria
                                                                                                                      Numbered seats
                                                                                                                      Surround sound
                                                                                                                      Advance ticket sales
                                                                                                                      Online ticket sales
                                                                                                                      Ticket sales by phone

224                                                                                                           Index                 Málaga, Sun and Culture           225
                        b    EZMILIANA FORTRESS                                          Rincón de la Victoria                 m       ARE NOSTRUM HALL                                         Rincón de la Victoria

                                                                              USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                       USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                              Address: Avda. Mediterráneo, s/n                                                                         Address: Paseo Marítimo Blas Infante, s/n
                                                                              29730 Rincón de la Victoria                                                                              29730 Rincón de la Victoria
                                                                              Tel.: (+34) 952 403 923                                                                                  Tel.: (+34) 952 075 173
                                                                                                                                                                                       Fax: (+34) 952 408 607

                                     The Bezmiliana Fortress is a                                                                             The railway linking Málaga and
                        defensive stronghold built in the eighteenth                                                           Vélez-Málaga started operating on 23 January,
                        century. It has been restored recently and at                                                          1908. The railway stretch, running along the
Bezmiliana Fortress

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Mare Nostrum Hall
                        present it runs exhibitions and organises cultural                                                     eastern coast, was 36 km long and its main
                        activities. The building structure is quite simple,                                                    stations were Rincón de la Victoria, Torre del Mar
                        with a square floor plan and a masonry outer wall.                                                     and Vélez, and its unstaffed stations were El
                        The two-level building has two towers and a                                                            Palo, La Cala del Moral, Benagalbón, Chilches,
                        defensive ditch.                                                                                       Benajarafe, Valle Niza, and Almayate. Sixty years
                                                                                                                               later, this line was no longer operative.

                                                                                                                               A "living evidence" of the railway facilities are the

                                                                                                                               Rincón de la Victoria train station and the
                                                                                                                               unstaffed stations of Torre de Benagalbón and La
Rincón de la Victoria

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Rincón de la Victoria
                                                                                                                               Cala del Moral. The latter has been refurbished
                                                                                                                               as city exhibition hall -Mare Nostrum. They open
                                                                                                                               new exhibitions every last Thursday each month.

                                                                                                                               The renovation works in La Cala were essential to
                                                                                                                               recover a token of the district's recent history
                                                                                                                               which otherwise would have disappeared.

   226                  Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                  Rincón de la Victoria                      Index              Málaga, Sun and Culture               227
                                                                                                                                                                        TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                       CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                             The district of Rincón de la Victoria is
                                                                 Rincón de la                          bounded by the bed of the Totalán stream to

                                                                      Victoria                         the west and the San Millán stream to the east.
                                                                                                       In addition, the Granadillas and Benagalbón
                                                                                                       streams also run across the district, but they
                                                  USEFUL INFORMATION                                   only carry water on a seasonal basis. As it
                                                                                                       climbs from the coastal strip towards the
                                                  Surface area: 27.50 km2.                             inlands, the terrain becomes hilly and is
                                                  Population: 31,000.                                  covered with vineyards or olive groves,
                                                  Name given to the local people: Rinconeros.          almond, and carob trees, making up the typical
                                                  Location: The town is 12 km from Málaga City, in     Axarquía's landscape. Despite the hills, the
                                                  the southwestern part of the Axarquía region, on     region is rather low in general, with the Salazar
                                                  the Eastern Costa del Sol. It has an average         Hill, its highest peak, only reaching 512 m.
                                                  rainfall of 480 l/m2, and the average temperature
                                                  is around 18º C.                                     There are several built-up centres in the district,
                                                  What to see: Bezmiliana Fortress, Nuestra            including Benagalbón (located 5 km inland), La
                                                  Señora del Carmen Church, Nuestra Señora de          Cala, Torre de Benagalbón, Aguirre, Los Millares
                                                  la Candelaria Church (Benagalbón), watchtowers       and a few less populated ones. Nearly all of
                                                  at El Cantal and Benagalbón, Cueva del Tesoro        them -especially Rincón de la Victoria and La
                                                  (cave), Cueva de la Victoria (cave).                 Cala- have undergone spectacular growth over
                                                  Tourist Information:                                 the past twenty years, mainly due to their
                                                  Town Hall, Plaza Al-Andalus, 1                       proximity to the capital of the province of Málaga
                                                  (29730) Rincón de la Victoria                        and to roadway improvements. As a result, what
                                                  Tel.: (+34) 952 402 300.                             was formerly a second home for many Málaga-
                                                  Fax: (+34) 952 402 900.                              born people, has today become their place of
                                                                                                       permanent residence. Furthermore, Rincón de
                                                                                                       la Victoria is not just a continuation of Málaga -
                                                                                                       although it has benefited from its proximity to the
                                                                                                       capital- but has its own way of life, as well as a
                                                                                                       great deal of tourist and commercial activity.
                                                                                                       According to the information currently available,
                                                                                                       this region was one of the first in Málaga to be
                                                                                                       settled by humans. It features one of the best
                                                                                                       documented Prehistoric settlements in the
Rincón de la Victoria

                                                                                                                                                                                                           Rincón de la Victoria
                                                                                                       Axarquía region thanks to the Cueva del Tesoro
                                                                                                       (cave). Here, Palaeolithic paintings and stone
                                                                                                       fragments were found. Just as interesting are
                                                                                                       the remains found in the nearby Cueva de la
                                                                                                       Victoria, which date from the Bronze Age. It is
                                                                                                       also known that around 550 B.C., a Punic-
                                                                                                       Phoenician town was founded near the

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                     CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                  Benagalbón Hill and that, later, the Romans
                                                  settled in the area, as evidenced by the remains
                                                  of mosaics and Roman baths found nearby. The
                                                  archaeological evidence corroborates Pliny's first-
                                                  century description, in which he mentions a
                                                  fortress built as a defence against invasions
                                                  coming from the sea. It is quite possible that the
                                                  Moors established the town that was later named
                                                  Rincón de la Victoria around this ancient fortress,
                                                  calling it Bezmiliana - probably a derivation of an
                                                  earlier Roman name for the town.

                                                  According to an eleventh-century description by
                                                  El Idrissi, the old Bezmiliana (Bizilyana), of which
                                                  virtually nothing remains today, boasted a fishing
                                                  port, a medina or citadel, a mosque and a
                                                  protective wall, the scanty remains of which are
                                                  still visible in the area of El Castellón, on the road
                                                  to Benagalbón.

                                                  Some chroniclers tell us that the Moors left the
                                                  area before the arrival of the Christian troops
                                                  because when the latter reached Málaga on their
                                                  way from Vélez-Málaga, they found the village
                                                  deserted. About 120 people came to the area in
                                                  late fifteenth and early sixteenth century to
                                                  repopulate it; however, even before the Moorish
                                                  rebellion (1569), the new residents also left the
                                                  area, possibly due to the outbreak of an epidemic
                                                  disease. There was also constant unrest among
                                                  the area's Moorish population due to their harsh
                                                  subjugation by the Christians and the endless sea
                                                  invasions.                                               annex of Benagalbón, a town that was the           HOW TO GET THERE
                                                                                                           main centre of the district until 1906. By that    Because of its location right on the coast, the only
Rincón de la Victoria

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Rincón de la Victoria
                                                  In 1776, construction of the Bezmiliana Fortress         time, the number of residents in Rincón de la      way to arrive at Rincón de la Victoria is via the
                                                  began near the Bezmiliana ruins, aimed at                Victoria had greatly exceeded that of              Autovía del Mediterráneo (A-7, N-340), which forks
                                                  defending the entire coastal zone against the            Benagalbón. Even so, it wasn't until 1950 that     upon entering the town, although both routes lead to
                                                  English. Under the protection of the fortress,           the Town Hall was officially relocated to Rincón   the city centre. Take the direction Motril-Almería
                                                  small communities began to spring up and they            de la Victoria, a name that originates from the    when coming from the Western Costa del Sol and
                                                  quickly blossomed into towns whose inhabitants           fact that the town is situated on land once        the direction towards Málaga-Cádiz when coming
                                                  devoted to fishing. Soon the region became an            belonging to the Convent of La Victoria.           from the Eastern Costa del Sol.

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                     CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                  WHAT TO SEE                                            adjoining the Gospels nave. Nuestra Señora de       The Cueva de la Victoria, not so widely known
                                                  Although the town's seafaring tradition is far from    la Candelaria Church, in Benagalbón, was            as the Cueva del Tesoro, was discovered in
                                                  lost, the old fishing houses erected helter-skelter    erected in the sixteenth century but today only     1939 and, according to studies, held remarkable
                                                  between the beach and the main road have               the walls remain from the original structure. Its   archaeological artefacts dating from the Upper
                                                  become trapped -those that have been kept-             interior features murals by the internationally     Palaeolithic to the Bronze Age. The find,
                                                  among modern buildings. In spite of this, the town     renown painter from Vélez, Francisco                however, was unfortunately destroyed when
                                                  still maintains the unmistakable air of an             Hernández. These include "The Ascension," in        farmers entered in search of bat guano for use
                                                  Axarquía's coastal village, having achieved a rare     the central section of the church, Nativity, and    as fertiliser. Visits from some "amateur"
                                                  balance between the eclectic housing                   Jesus appearing at the temple on the sides.         archaeologists and curious tourists haven't
                                                  developments of recent years and the traditional                                                           helped with the conservation of the site either.
                                                  popular architecture.                                  The military watchtowers at El Cantal and
                                                                                                         Benagalbón -both quite well preserved-              FIESTAS
                                                  A magnificent view of the entire Málaga Bay can        belonged to a defence system which, towards         Rincón de la Victoria's seafaring tradition is best
                                                  be enjoyed from the broad beachfront                   the end of the Middle Ages and beginning of the     represented by the celebrations on 16 July, Virgen
                                                  promenade, where the lion's share of the hotels        Modern Age, protected the entire Málaga coast       del Carmen Day. The image of the Virgin is taken in
                                                  and restaurants are located. Near the housing          against the constant sea invasions that             procession from its sanctuary to the seashore in the
                                                  developments that have recently spread towards         threatened the area's inhabitants over the          accompaniment of the most fervent outpouring of
                                                  the inlands, new recreational facilities have been     course of several centuries.                        devotion that the town people can muster. Once on
                                                  established, including an eighteen-hole golf                                                               the beach, the image is placed on a boat that
                                                  course in Añoreta.                                     The Cueva del Tesoro (Treasure Cave), also          carries it on its sea procession. This is a tradition
                                                                                                         known as the Higuerón or Swiss Cave, is             cherished in nearly all the coastal villages in
                                                  The Bezmiliana fortress, also referred to as the       located on the hill of El Cantal, between Rincón    Andalusia but it is of special significance here, in
                                                  Bezmiliana stronghold or castle, is Rincón de          de la Victoria and La Cala. The existence of the    Rincón de la Victoria. The town fair also coincides
                                                  la Victoria's foremost monument. It was built in       cavern has been known since the seventeenth         with this celebration, so dear to the hearts of the
                                                  1766 according to the plans by José de la              century. Cave paintings (heads of goats), pottery   townspeople. It features a flamenco singing
                                                  Crane to defend this area of the Málaga coast          fragments (earthen bowls and pots, spherical        contest, an antique car show, the jábegas boat race
                                                  when Gibraltar was taken by the English.               and oval cups), stone fragments and bones           (an ancient type of Mediterranean boat that has
                                                  Constructed on a square floor plan with                ranging in from the Palaeolithic to the Bronze      kept the same structure throughout the centuries),
                                                  cylindrical towers on two of its corners, its          Age have all been found within the cave.            evening concerts, sports competitions, parades,
                                                  austere architectural lines leave no room for                                                              musical performances and fireworks, to name just a
                                                  doubt as to the purpose it was built to serve -        The path through the cavern, with a total           few of the activities organised on these days.
                                                  quite different from the one it currently fulfils      surface area of approximately 3,000 m2, is
                                                  since being restored in 1992. The fortress now         about 500 m long. The cave is divided into          The festival of Las Cruces, in May, has grown
                                                  houses a prestigious exhibition hall along with        four chambers: the Chamber of Noctiluca (the        in popularity in recent years and, as in
Rincón de la Victoria

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Rincón de la Victoria
                                                  other areas dedicated to cultural activities.          Phoenician fertility goddess), the Chamber of       decades gone-by, altars adorned with
                                                                                                         the Virgin, the Chamber of Marcus Crassus (it       flowers, Manila shawls, fans typical of the old
                                                  The Church of Nuestra Señora del Carmen, the           is said that this Roman politician, who was a       days, beautiful bedspreads, flowerpots and
                                                  patroness of sailors par excellence, was               member of the First Triumvirate along with          other valuable domestic items can again be
                                                  constructed in 1892. A very simple structure -in       Pompey and Julius Caesar, hid in this cave          seen lining the streets of the town. Corpus
                                                  keeping with the popular architectural style of the    while fleeing after his father's assassination),    Christi is also celebrated with a similar show
                                                  time-, it consists of three naves, with a bell tower   and the Chamber of the Lakes.                       of town decoration.

   232                  Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                            Rincón de la Victoria                    Index                     Málaga, Sun and Culture                      233
                                                                                                                                                                                                    TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                                       CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                  The fair in La Cala, adjoining Rincón de la               chickpeas and rice, ajoblanco (garlic and             LEGENDS
                                                  Victoria, takes place the first weekend of July. It       almond soup), noodle casserole, and monkfish          There are several legends told about the
                                                  features all sorts of festive activities for young and    soup, for which only the head of the fish is used.    Cueva del Tesoro, and two of them have to do
                                                  old alike but the jábegas boat races and the                                                                    with a supposed hidden treasure that has, of
                                                  impromptu flamenco performances are the                   IMPORTANT FIGURES                                     course, never been found. One of these
                                                  highlights. The weekend closest to 2 February             Although he was born in Málaga, Manuel Laza           legends is recounted in detail by Manuel Laza
                                                  sees the community of Benagalbón celebrate the            Palacio (1909-1988) can truly be considered a         Palacio in his aforementioned book, El tesoro
                                                  festivals in honour of its patroness, Virgen de la        son of Rincón de la Victoria, since he devoted a      de cinco reyes (The Treasure of Five Kings). In
                                                  Candelaria. Verdiales (a special type of flamenco         good part of his life (thirty-eight years) to study   the book, he describes how five Muslim kings
                                                  singing) groups form an integral part of the              the Cueva del Tesoro. After the Spanish Civil         buried a fabulous treasure somewhere in the
                                                  festivities, giving performances over the course of       War, he was jailed for having worked in the           cave before fleeing the area. It is interesting to
                                                  the celebrations. But the culmination of these            Institute for Agrarian Reform during the Second       note that in the late 1950s, while a study of the
                                                  grand fiestas is the procession of the Virgin             Republic. In prison he studied Classical              cave was being conducted by Laza Palacio, he
                                                  through the streets, where, in keeping with               Philology and, once released, he worked as a          found six gold dinar coins dating back to the
                                                  tradition, sugared almonds and hazelnuts are              teacher until he was called before the Tribunal       twelfth century there. A second version
                                                  thrown on the image's cape. This generates an             for the Repression of Masonry. He is the author       suggests that the treasure was sent from Oran
                                                  uproar of the little ones, determined not to leave        of Gárgoris y Habidis, a text on which Sánchez        by Caliph Texufin Ben Ali, belonging to the
                                                  even a single candy on the pavement as the                Dragó based years later to write his book of the      Almoravids, who arrived on the coast of
                                                  sweets fall to the ground.                                same name, El tesoro de cinco reyes, and              Málaga after fleeing a revolt at which he would
                                                                                                            Escritos malagueños, among other texts.               surely have perished.
                                                  Torre de Benagalbón centres its festive days
                                                  around St. John Day (24 June), on the eve of
                                                  which the júas (Judas's images) are burned and
                                                  gatherings are organised on the beach.
                                                  Participants jump over bonfires with the most
                                                  resolute then bathing in the sea to fulfil the ritual
                                                  of purification by water and fire. Flamenco
                                                  performances, a Mass dedicated to the Virgen
                                                  del Rocío, sports competitions, outdoor concerts
                                                  in the evening and a variety of other activities
                                                  round out the celebrations.

                                                  The undisputed king of the table in Rincón de la
Rincón de la Victoria

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Rincón de la Victoria
                                                  Victoria is the pescaíto frito (small fried fish). This
                                                  is an umbrella name that includes a variety of
                                                  dishes: small sardine skewers and the famous
                                                  "Vitorianos" anchovies (Victoria-style anchovies,
                                                  the local accent makes the "c" disappear). In the
                                                  category of "dishes you eat with a spoon,"
                                                  specialties include cascote soup, made with

   234                  Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                               Rincón de la Victoria                     Index                     Málaga, Sun and Culture                    235
                                                               r ONDA CINEPLEX                                                  Ronda

                                         TOURIST BOARD &
                                        CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                      USEFUL INFORMATION

                     index. Ronda
                  Málaga, Sun and Culture
                                                                                                      Address: C/ Lauria, 95
                                                                                                      29400 Ronda
                                                                                                      Tel.: (+34) 952 190 918

                  .  CINEMAS
               Ronda Cineplex                       page 237

           .THEATRES                                           Number of screens: 5
                                                               Total audience capacity: 674
       Vicente Espinel Theatre                      page 238

                                                                                                                                         Ronda Cineplex
      Ronda House of Culture                        page 239
      Unicaja Ronda Foundation                      page 240
      El Choque Ideal Art Gallery

                                                    page 241

236                                                                                           Index           Málaga, Sun and Culture   237
                          v  ICENTE ESPINEL THEATRE                                                             Ronda         r ONDA HOUSE OF CULTURE                                                               Ronda

                                                                             USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                    USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                             Address: Alameda del Tajo, s/n                                                                        Address: Plaza de la Merced, 2
                                                                             Tel.: (+34) 952 877 821                                                                               29400 Ronda
                                                                                                                                                                                   Tel.: (+34) 952 872 142

                                     Located in central Ronda, the theatre                                                                 Located in the heart of Ronda, the

                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Ronda House of Culture
Vicente Espinel Theatre

                          boasts modern facilities where all kinds of                                                         local House of Culture operates in a building used
                          performances are offered all the year round.                                                        exclusively for paintings, sculptures and prints'
                          Visitors can enjoy classical music concerts,                                                        exhibitions.
                          contemporary music shows, theatre plays for
                          children,   avant-garde       theatre     plays,
                          contemporary dance performances and flamenco



    238                   Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                          Ronda                         Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture          239
                           u   NICAJA RONDA FOUNDATION                                                       Ronda         e   L CHOQUE IDEAL ART GALLERY                                                     Ronda

                                                                           USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                  USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                           Address: C/ Pedro Romero, 4                                                                         Address: Calle Espíritu Santo, 9
                                                                           29400 Ronda                                                                                         29400 Ronda
                                                                           Tel.: (+34) 952 189 300                                                                             Tel.: (+34) 952 161 918
Unicaja Ronda Foundation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                       El Choque Ideal Art Gallery
                                       This space stages travelling                                                                   El Choque Ideal is an innovative art
                           exhibitions and offers other artistic events.                                                   gallery. Open since 2003, it has a coffeehouse,
                                                                                                                           fashion shows, art exhibits and a recording
                                                                                                                           studio. The building affords magnificent views of
                                                                                                                           the Serranía de Ronda mountains and starry



    240                    Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                      Ronda                        Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture        241
                                                                                                                                                                                   TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                      CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                      Ronda                        If a writer like Rainer Maria Rilke, who is    however, was more important than Ronda, since
                                                                                              regarded as one of the most important and           the latter boasted a mint, that is, an
                                  USEFUL INFORMATION                                          influential modern poets because of his             establishment for making coins.
                                                                                              precise, lyrical style, describes Ronda as a
                                  Surface area: 477.50 km2.                                   dreamland he must be right. Visitors will be        Following the fall of the Roman Empire, Ronda
                                  Population: Around 36,122.                                  able to see for themselves and then                 and Acinipo were invaded by Germanic tribes.
                                  Name given to the local people: Rondeños.                   remember it as such a marvellous place that         Acinipo was even occupied by the Byzantines,
                                  Location: In the northern part of the Ronda                 it can only be part of their dreams.                who left it in the seventh century when the
                                  region,surrounded by Sierra de las Nieves,                                                                      Visigoths set foot on Ronda. Later, the Arabs
                                  Grazalema and Los Alcornocales Nature Parks. The            When people get to Ronda for the first time, they   named it Izna Rand Onda. It was during the Arab
                                  village is 740 m above sea level, and 113 km from           must have seen a postcard depicting some of         rule that the town gained political and economic
                                  Málaga City. The annual average rainfall is 650 l/m2,       the town's typical monuments or spots but these     relevance.
                                  and the annual average temperature is 15º C.                images will fade out as soon as they face the
                                  What to see: Puente Nuevo (New Bridge), House of            real places. Ronda is one of those towns that       At the turn of the tenth century, the entire
                                  San Juan Bosco (Don Bosco), Church of Virgen de la          can only be included in a one-of-a-kind category,   mountain range, and especially the city of
                                  Paz (Our Lady of Peace), The Giant's House,                 and visitors can check this out when they go to     Ronda, witnessed Umar ibn Hafsun's uprising
                                  Mondragón Palace, Plaza Duquesa Parcent, Major              the old quarter and see its magnificent             against the Caliphate of Córdoba while setting in
                                  Church of Santa María de la Encarnación (Our Lady of        architecture, which reveals the town's history      Bobastro (Ardales). At the dawn of the eleventh
                                  the Incarnation), Town Hall, Church of La Caridad           and legend making it unique and unforgettable.      century, after the fall of the Caliphate, the
                                  (Charity Church), Church of Espíritu Santo (Holy Spirit),                                                       Berbers turned Ronda into a taifa or
                                  Puerta de Almocábar (Gate), Puerta de Carlos V              Ronda has a magnificent setting in a gorge of       independent kingdom whose great legacy was
                                  (Archway), Bandits' Museum, Hunting Museum, Lara            the Guadalevín River known as Tajo de Ronda,        the transformation and development of the city.
                                  Themed Museum, Joaquín Peinado Museum, Minaret              100 m in depth and surrounded by an
                                  of San Sebastián (St Sebastian), Marqués de                 amphitheatre of rugged mountains, 750 m             Ronda lost its independence in 1066, when it
                                  Salvatierra Palace, Palace of the Moorish King, Arco de     above sea level. To the west the countryside        became part of the kingdom of Seville, and was
                                  Felipe V (Archway), Sillón del Rey Moro, Puente Viejo       extends up to the mountains from which the          ruled for the following four-hundred years by
                                  (Old Bridge), Fountain of the Eight Spouts, Church of       region takes its name.                              tribes from northern Africa and eventually by the
                                  Padre Jesús (Father Jesus), Shrine of Virgen de los                                                             Nasrid princes of Granada. Ronda went through
                                  Dolores (Our Lady of Sorrows), Church of Santa Cecilia,     The cave paintings in the Cueva de la Pileta        periods of boom and decay under Muslim rule
                                  Church of Socorro (Succour), Bullring, Gardens of Blas      (Benaoján) are proof of human settlements back      until it was conquered by Christian forces in
                                  Infante, Church of La Merced, Reina Victoria Hotel,         in the Palaeolithic period, and Neolithic remains   1485.
                                  Mozarabic Monastery of Virgen de la Cabeza (Virgin of       have been found right in the urban area. It was     Muslims and Christians coexisted peacefully
                                  the Head), Arab Baths, Roman Site of Acinipo, Wine          Pliny who mentioned the Roman city of Arunda,       only for a short time. The Moors rebelled -the
                                  Museum, Cave of La Pileta (Pool Cave), La Algaba.           inhabited by Celts, north of the present-day        mountain region being particularly bellicose- and
                                  Tourist Information:                                        Ronda, and Acinipo as founded by the Iberians.      finally were expelled in 1609. As any other
                                  Town Hall, Plaza Duquesa Parcent, s/n (29400).              The Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians and          village in Málaga, Ronda had to face a
                                  Tel.: (+34) 952 873 240.                                    Romans settled there for different periods of       particularly bad period which lasted for years,
                                  Fax: (+34) 952 875 441.                                     time. The Romans, who named it Laurus, built        until the eighteenth century, when the city

                                  Tourist Office, Paseo San Blas Infante, s/n.                the Castillo del Laurel (castle), from which they   extends towards the newer quarter, called the
                                  Tel.: (+34) 952 187 119.                                    watched the warlike Celt-Iberian tribes. Acinipo,   Mercadillo, which lies on the other side of the

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                                  gorge, spanned at its narrowest point by a single-
                                  arch bridge, the Puente Nuevo, from which
                                  magnificent views are obtained. The bullring was
                                  also built in this century.

                                  In 1810, the French troops, led by Joseph
                                  Bonaparte, arrived in Ronda and touched off a
                                  rebellion there. The whole region backed the
                                  guerrilla bands, an effective movement that
                                  survived even after Napoleonic troops left, in
                                  1812. Many guerrilla men became bandits, well-
                                  known in nineteenth-century Spain and
                                  protagonists of a good number of legends and stories.

                                  With the arrival of the railroad in 1891 and the
                                  development of some roads, Ronda enters the
                                  twentieth century amidst a remarkable social and
                                  economic prosperity. In 1918, the city was seat to
                                  the Andalusian Congress, at the request of Blas
                                  Infante, who is regarded as the father of
                                  Andalusia. The assembly decided on the
                                  adoption of the Autonomous Community of
                                  Andalusia's flag and emblem.

                                  HOW TO GET THERE
                                  From the Costa del Sol there are three ways to
                                  access Ronda. From Málaga City, take the A-357
                                  highway towards Campillos. 6 km past Ardales,
                                  take the A-367, pass by Cuevas del Becerro and
                                  you'll reach Ronda.
                                  You can also take highway AP-7 (N-340), from
                                  San Pedro Alcántara, which connects to highway
                                  A-376. Follow it to get to Ronda. This is the route
                                  most drivers follow from the Western Costa del
                                  Sol, since it's maintained in good condition. It's a
                                  scenic, winding route.

                                  Finally, also via highway AP-7 (N-340), take

                                  highway A-377 to Gaucín and exit A-369 just 3 km
                                  before Ronda.

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                                  WHAT TO SEE
                                  The city occupies an extraordinary site on a rocky
                                  platform overlooking a deep ravine. The river
                                  divides Ronda into two parts connected by the
                                  eighteenth-century Puente Nuevo (new bridge),
                                  offering an impressive view of the ravine El Tajo:
                                  to the south the Ciudad, the old quarter, with its
                                  concentration of sights of interest; and to the
                                  north, the Mercadillo or old market area,
                                  nowadays extended by the modern town. There
                                  are three bridges that connect the Ciudad with the
                                  Mercadillo, and there's a third quarter, San
                                  Francisco, also to the south, whose origins date
                                  back to the sixteenth century.

                                  You can walk about Ronda departing from the
                                  Plaza de España, in the Mercadillo quarter, where
                                  the Parador Nacional de Turismo, formerly, the
                                  Town Hall, stands. Cross the Puente Nuevo, the
                                  best-known bridge in Ronda, to get to the Ciudad.
                                  The bridge was built in the eighteenth century out
                                  of the need to connect the older part of the city
                                  with the new Ronda.

                                  Although the bridge was completed in 1735 a
                                  flood of the River Guadalevín turned it down
                                  only six years later. The second project,
                                  resulting in the bridge we can cross today, was
                                  commissioned to Juan Martín de Aldehuela.
                                  Work started in 1751 and ended in 1793.
                                  Aldehuela was highly praised for his impressive
                                  project -a bridge 98 m high that fits perfectly with
                                  the steep gorge of El Tajo. The bridge floor lies
                                  on three round arches, the central one over a
                                  space that once served as a prison and currently
                                  hosts a visitor centre.

                                  On the other side, to the left, is the Convent of

                                  San Francisco, established during the Catholic
                                  Monarchs reign. It served as the Inquisition office

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                                  for years. In Tenorio Street, to the right, is the        During Muslim rule, the Plaza Mayor, or main
                                  house of San Juan Bosco, in modernist style, its          square, was located on what is currently known
                                  gardens offering breathtaking views. In Beato             as Plaza de la Duquesa de Parcent, at the
                                  Fray Diego José de Cádiz Street you'll find the           highest point of the city. The main Arab buildings
                                  seventeenth-century Church of the Virgen de la            rose here: the fortress, the mosque, the souk,
                                  Paz, the local patroness. Inside lay the mortal           the jail... The Plaza's present-day layout is
                                  remains of Fray Diego José de Cádiz in a silver           based on a nineteenth-century project which
                                  urn beneath the image of the Virgin, whose                was enlarged and improved by the Duchess of
                                  chapel and late Baroque altar are worthy of note.         Parcent, who asked Jean Claude Forestier to
                                                                                            design a garden. Forestier was an engineer and
                                  The next stop on the tour is Casa del Gigante, a          landscape designer who also developed the
                                  very well preserved house dating back to the              Bois de Boulogne (Paris) and María Luisa Park
                                  Muslim times. Historians believe it was built in the      (Seville) projects. The park boasts the statue
                                  fourteenth century, at least the plaster decorative       honouring the musician and writer from Ronda
                                  work is similar to that in the Alhambra, made             Vicente Espinel (1550-1624).
                                  during Muhammad V reign. In the house's interior
                                  stand out the central courtyard, the pool, the north      Built between the sixteenth and eighteenth
                                  hall and the splendid decoration on the arches            centuries above the town's former main mosque,
                                  that are on the way to the bedrooms.                      the Collegiate Church of Santa María de la
                                                                                            Encarnación's (Our Lady of the Incarnation) interior
                                  The Palace of Mondragón, which nowadays houses            is divided into quite distinct architectural styles.
                                  the Museo de Ronda y la Serranía (museum of Ronda         Today, only a thirteenth-century horseshoe arch,
                                  and the mountain range), used to be a mansion in the      decorated with stuccowork from the thirteenth and
                                  fourteenth century. The legend goes that it was           fourteenth centuries, and a minaret remain from the
                                  inhabited by King Abomelik, son of the Sultan of Fez,     original mosque. The church was started in 1508, in
                                  and later by the Nasrid ruler Hamed el Zegri. Following   late Gothic style. The central nave was topped by a
                                  the Christian conquest, it was owned by Melchor de        Mudéjar ceiling, replaced by a barrel vault after the
                                  Mondragón. In 1501, Ferdinand the Catholic spent          earthquake that damaged the building's structure in
                                  some time in Mondragón's palace, when he travelled to     1580. The end of the temple, with seven chapels,
                                  Ronda to deal with the Moorish rebellion. Some time       features Renaissance style and the choir, for
                                  later it passed on to the hands of Fernando de            instance, is an example of Baroque architecture.
                                  Valenzuela, Charles II's minister.
                                                                                            The choir stalls, made in walnut and cedarwood
                                  Successive restorations have hidden most of its           in the first decades of the eighteenth century, are
                                  Arab features, but the structure still reveals an         particularly noteworthy. The Virgen de los
                                  incredible harmony of lines and volumes. The              Dolores (Our Lady of Sorrows) presides over an
                                  elegant curved façade has Doric and Ionic                 altarpiece, and was carved either by Martínez
                                  columns. The noble building is structured around          Montañés or La Roldana, but the authorship

                                  three beautiful interior patios, one of them being a      remains uncertain. In any case, both were
                                  Renaissance courtyard.                                    excellent religious artists. On the exterior, the

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                                  Gothic façade features a sixteenth-century
                                  double balcony, and there is also a square
                                  Mudéjar tower. By the bell tower there's the
                                  Casita de la Torre, a Mudéjar oratory decorated
                                  with blind horseshoe arches.

                                  In the square of the Santa María de la
                                  Encarnación Church (Our Lady of the
                                  Incarnation), where the Laurel Castle used to be,
                                  there rises the Salesian School of Sagrado
                                  Corazón. The Laurel Castle was a fortress built
                                  by Scipio Aemilianus back in the second century
                                  B.C. The Arabs turned it into an "Alcazaba" or
                                  Arab fortress, which was later taken by the
                                  Catholics and, in the nineteenth century, by the
                                  French troops. On leaving the fortress in 1812,
                                  the French blew it up.

                                  The former Militia Headquarters -the present-
                                  day Town Hall- lies on one side of the
                                  above-mentioned square. It's a huge building
                                  whose upper floors feature open arcades. Built
                                  between the seventeenth and eighteenth
                                  centuries, the building's interior boasts a
                                  Mudéjar coffered ceiling over the stairs and the
                                  assembly hall. There are also two religious
                                  buildings in the same square: the Caridad
                                  Church and the Santa Isabel de los Ángeles
                                  Convent, both from the sixteenth century.

                                  From the Duquesa de Parcent Square, we can
                                  take Escalona Street and then Armiñan Street, the
                                  latter connecting with Cuesta de las Imágenes,
                                  where we'll find the Espíritu Santo Church (Holy
                                  Spirit), in the place the Almohad watchtower was
                                  back in the days when the town was under
                                  Christian siege. Construction work ended in 1505.
                                  The exterior stands out for its simplicity, its fortress-

                                  like buttresses and tall walls. The church interior
                                  features a single nave combining Gothic and

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                                  Renaissance elements. The main chapel's Rococo
                                  altarpiece hosts a painting called "La venida del
                                  Espíritu Santo" and a "Virgen de la Antigua,"
                                  showing Byzantine-like features.

                                  To the south of the church there is the Puerta de
                                  Almocábar (gate), whose name recalls the old
                                  necropolis of the area, since al-maqabir stands for
                                  cemetery in Arabic. The church was built between
                                  the end of the thirteenth century and the beginning
                                  of the fourteenth century. Its robust structure is
                                  flanked by two semicircular towers and features
                                  three horseshoe arches. To the left, there's the
                                  Puerta de Carlos V, a Renaissance gate crowned
                                  by the Habsburg royal family's coat of arms.

                                  Past these gates there's the Alameda de San
                                  Francisco, on which we find the Convent of the
                                  Nuns of the Order of St. Francis. The convent,
                                  founded in 1664, was rebuilt in the twentieth
                                  century. Walking along San Francisco Street, we
                                  reach the convent bearing the same name, which
                                  was built on the site the Catholic King established
                                  his camp. The Convent of San Francisco,
                                  completed in the sixteenth century, combines
                                  Gothic and Mudéjar features. Despite the
                                  renovations carried out after the Napoleonic           The Joaquín Peinado Museum will make us turn      a lintel and voissoir. On the brickwork you can
                                  invasion and the Spanish Civil War, the convent        off, because it's located in the palace of the    see some decorative tiles that have remained in
                                  has kept a magnificent Isabelline gate.                Marquises of Moctezuma (Plaza del Gigante,        place. The upper level was built later, when the
                                                                                         s/n). There are some 200 pieces: oil paintings,   tower started to be used as a bell tower.
                                  On Armiñán Street, we can go to three museums:         watercolours, drawings and prints by this
                                  the Museo del Bandolero (Museum of the Bandit),        Ronda-born artist within the School of Paris.     To the east of the Ciudad district there's the
                                  exhibiting one of the most characteristic stories of                                                     Palace of the Marquis of Salvatierra, which
                                  nineteenth-century Ronda, which inspired so            Where Armiñán and Marqués de Salvatierra          was renovated in the seventeenth and
                                  many writers; the Museo de la Caza (Hunting            streets meet there's the minaret of Saint         eighteenth centuries. The façade boasts
                                  Museum), displaying a long-lasting tradition of the    Sebastian, in a fourteenth-century mosque that    Corinthian columns and a magnificent forged
                                  mountainous region; and the Museo Temático             was transformed into a Christian church devoted   iron balcony. In the interior, we can admire
                                  Lara, in the Condes de la Conquista palace,            to the above-mentioned saint. The temple,         the gardens, chapel, furniture and the curb of

                                  which displays a notable antique collection and        however, no longer exists. The minaret has a      a well in the yard.
                                  several works of art.                                  square floor plan and a horseshoe arch beneath

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                                  On Santo Domingo Street, adjoining the Palace            Padre Jesús Church, with a beautiful Renaissance          bullfight Pedro Romero and Pepe Hillo, two
                                  of Salvatierra and the Convent of Santo Domingo,         bellfry. The church was built in the sixteenth century,   bullfighting stars, participated.
                                  there's the Casa del Rey Moro (House of the              but the interior plasterwork decoration dates from        The bullfight museum, under the terrace seating,
                                  Moorish King), on whose front there's a                  the eighteenth century. The Convent of Madre de           exhibits sumptuous costumes and various
                                  decorative tile depicting a Muslim king. The             Dios, attached to the church, was built in the            mementoes and photographs of generations of
                                  building dates from the eighteenth century,              sixteenth century too. It features Gothic-                Ronda matadors including those from the
                                  although it was renovated by the Duchess of              Renaissance and Mudéjar elements.                         Romero and Ordóñez families.
                                  Parcent in the first decades of the twentieth
                                  century. The amazing gardens were designed by            We can go up along Santa Cecilia Street and               Near the Bullring are the Blas Infante Gardens,
                                  Jean Claude Forestier.                                   we'll find the Shrine of the Virgen de los Dolores,       where the Espinel Theatre, chair of the
                                                                                           built in 1734. It's home to an altarpiece featuring       Andalusian Assembly of 1918, was located
                                  A 60m-high stair carved out of the rock connects         a painting that depicts the Virgin Mary. There are        years ago. This green space stretches over a
                                  the gardens with the De la Mina Spring, which            four paintings representing public executions, a          plain 200 m above the Guadalevín Valley,
                                  flows toward the Guadalevín River. Muslims must          normal practice centuries ago.                            offering breathtaking views of the Ronda region.
                                  have used the spring because water is scarce up                                                                    The gardens reach the Alameda del Tajo,
                                  at the height Ronda is located. This Arab                In Los Descalzos square, at which you arrive              passing by De la Merced Church, which keeps
                                  structure was essential to the Moors at the time         through Los Dolores Street, there's Santa                 St. Therese's incorrupt hand, included by
                                  Ronda was under siege by Christian forces.               Cecilia Church, built in the seventeenth century.         Francisco Franco in his reliquary.
                                                                                           Its Baroque front, though, dates back to the
                                  When the new bridge collapsed, the old bridge's          eighteenth century. Walking along Carrera de              Here we find the Reina Victoria Hotel, dating
                                  access was renovated, thus becoming the main link        Espinel Street we'll reach Del Socorro Church, a          from 1906. Lord Farrington, a pioneer of tourism
                                  between the Ciudad and the Mercadillo district. The      big Neo-Baroque structure built after the                 from Britain, built it. The poet Rainer Maria Rilke
                                  Puente Viejo Gate was replaced by a Neoclassical         previous eighteenth-century one was destroyed.            stayed in one of the guestrooms in 1911 or 1912.
                                  gate named Arco de Felipe V. By the arch there's the                                                               The room has kept the original décor, some
                                  Sillón del Rey Moro (Moorish King's Chair), offering     The Real Maestranza de Caballería de Ronda,               pictures and letters written by the poet, who
                                  magnificent views.                                       the first Royal cavalry arsenal set by Phillip II to      dedicated some of his writings to Ronda.
                                                                                           train noblemen, was located first in the Plaza
                                  Across the Puente Viejo, built in 1616 and               Mayor. Two centuries later, Martín de Aldehuela           Some 2 kilometres from the village there's the
                                  restored in 1961, we can get to Real Street and          designed the bullring and the Puente Nuevo                Mozarabic monastery of Virgen de la Cabeza, a
                                  walk towards the old quarter of the Mercadillo           (new bridge). The bullring Neoclassical front             complex including dwellings for nuns, cells for a
                                  district, raised outside the village to avoid the high   boasts two Tuscan columns and the royal coat              small religious community and a church,
                                  taxes merchants had to pay within the city limits.       of arms. All these elements are framed by an              excavated out of the rock by Christians under
                                  Eventually, the area was the most important              elegant forged-iron balcony featuring                     Muslim rule in the ninth and tenth century. The
                                  business zone in Ronda.                                  bullfighting motifs.                                      church has three naves, the main one with the
                                                                                                                                                     altar at one end. There's an altar at the end of
                                  On Real Street there's the Fuente de los Ocho            The bullring, dating from 1785 and with a                 another nave which has a hole beneath that
                                  Caños (eight-spout fountain), a simple stone             capacity for 5,000 spectators, is one of the              opens to the crypt. The third nave acts as a sacristy.
                                  structure boasting the city's emblem on one side.        oldest and most beautiful arenas. It is entered

                                  Besides the eight spouts, there's a water trough on      through an elegant gateway and is                         The Arab Baths, built at the end of the thirteenth
                                  the other side. Adjoining the fountain there rises the   surrounded by fine arcades. In the opening                century, and the ruins of the settlement of

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                                  Acinipo, a few kilometres from Ronda, are a
                                  must-visit. The Arab Baths, located in the judería
                                  or Jewish district, were built in late thirteenth or
                                  early fourteenth century. In spite of its
                                  architectural value, they were neglected because
                                  the practice of public bathing didn't fit Christian
                                  morality. In addition the floods from the
                                  Guadalevín River ended by covering the baths.
                                  When the Duchess of Parcent started some
                                  works in the area, the first remnants appeared but
                                  they were ignored until the state bought the site in 1935.

                                  The excavations made so far have uncovered
                                  three rooms topped with barrel vaults and
                                  illuminated by star-shaped lunettes that filtered
                                  light so that users could enjoy a relaxing
                                  atmosphere. Part of the heaters and water piping
                                  have been conserved. Experts consider these are
                                  one of the best-preserved Moorish baths
                                  throughout Spain.
                                  The ancient Roman settlement of Acinipo has                  The May Fair, in the second half of May, is one        The Virgen de la Cabeza pilgrimage is held on
                                  been wrongly called Ronda la Vieja, as people                of the oldest cattle fair in Andalusia, since the      the second Sunday in June in the Mozarabic
                                  thought this was the first siting of the city of             Catholic Monarchs declared it an official festivity    sanctuary of the same name. The pilgrims carry
                                  Ronda itself, but then evidences proved the                  in 1487. On the first day, the tapas' fair is held,    the image of the Virgin from the Santa María de
                                  theory was not correct. Acinipo is 21 km away                and the following days there are goat milking          la Encarnación church to the chapel, where
                                  from Ronda, on a plain 980 m above sea level,                shows and exhibitions of different breeds of           there is a grand feast with songs, dances and
                                  affording panoramic views of the region.                     livestock. There are events to test the fighting       delicious food.
                                  According to Pliny and Ptolemy, Acinipo was part             qualities of young bulls, olive oil samplings, the
                                  of Celtic Beturia, but in the Roman period it                annual dog show at Llano Margarita, and the            Ronda's most international fiesta is without a
                                  became one of the main cities of the Roman                   "Ciudad de Ronda" purebred Spanish horse               doubt the Pedro Romero Fair in early
                                  administrative area known as Baetica.                        show followed by a dressage exhibition.                September. There is an excellent Cante Festival
                                                                                                                                                      (typical Andalusian songs) as well as the horse
                                  Only the theatre (first century B.C.) has remained           The Roman pilgrimage takes place at the second         dressage and folklore shows. Traditional
                                  from the old city. The cavea, carved out of the              weekend in June in Puerto Sauco. This is in fact a     Corridas Goyescas, fights in period costumes
                                  rock, part of the stage and the terraces have been           Roman-style fiesta that the villagers attend dressed   from the time of Goya are held annually. This
                                  preserved. The stage is made of granite.                     in costumes from that era. There is a parade and       bullfight programme has achieved such renown
                                  Remains of a Roman bath, two houses and a                    the presentation of the goddess Ceres, followed by     that every year people attend it from the world

                                  temple have been found as well.                              competitions, games and theatrical performances        over, including celebrities who attract a swarm of
                                                                                               such as those in ancient Acinipo.                      photographers.

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                                  Due to its rugged terrain, the region has had an         tremendously spectacular scenery, and Sierra de            It was Cayetano Ordóñez, "The Child from La
                                  underdeveloped road network. On the one hand             las Nieves, part of whose area is within the               Palma" (1904-1961), who in the twentieth century
                                  this has been a hindrance to the area's economic         municipal boundaries of Ronda.                             founded the second dynasty of Ronda matadors.
                                  growth, while on the other it has protected Ronda                                                                   Five of his sons were bullfighters, but the one who
                                  from losing its centuries-old traditions. This can       The Sierra de las Nieves Park, with an area of             achieved the greatest fame was Antonio Ordóñez,
                                  be seen in Ronda's Holy Week, a celebration that         19,000 hectares, contains the largest extension of         who formed a kind of team of rivals with his
                                  has been held since the fifteenth century. Thus,         Spanish firs (a species of fir from the Tertiary Era) in   brother-in-law Luis Miguel Dominguín. For years
                                  Holy Week festivity in the district is very original     all of Mediterranean Europe. In addition to this           the two were the greatest bullfighting figures in
                                  and unique, although it depicts essentially the          exceptional feature there is its wealth of animal life     Spain, and Antonio Ordoñez' art attracted
                                  same history as those in other villages. There are       with such examples as the royal eagle and the              personalities of the stature of Orson Welles and
                                  numerous and colourful processions which have            mountain goat. Its karst terrain is remarkable for         Ernest Hemingway to Ronda.
                                  a number of images of great artistic value, all          great heights and for deep chasms formed by the
                                  against the unique backdrop of Ronda's urban layout.     abundant water over the space of thousands of              Vicente Espinel (1550-1634) was from a very
                                                                                           years. The GEMS should be noted among these                different time and environment. He was a
                                  FOOD                                                     chasms. It is one of the biggest on the planet, and        teacher, musician, priest and soldier. He is
                                  The mountainous character of Ronda can be                so far has been explored to a depth of 1,100               credited with adding the fifth string to the
                                  savoured in local foods such as Ronda-style              metres.                                                    Spanish guitar. In his role as a poet he created
                                  rabbit, Sierra-style gazpacho, artichoke soup,                                                                      the "décima" or "Espinela", in the opinion of
                                  fried lamb, pork loin stuffed with mushrooms, or         FAMOUS PEOPLE                                              some the most perfect type of "arte menor"
                                  pork leg stews. We can also taste migas                  Many famous persons have made history in                   (short verse) poetry in the Spanish language. As
                                  rondeñas (local variety of a dish made with fried        Ronda, and to just list them all would overflow            a writer he is responsible for the work "Vida del
                                  bread crumbs) seasoned with local chorizo                the small amount of informational space directed           Escudero Marcos de Obregón" (Life of the
                                  sausage; Ronda-style partridge, Ronda-style              at visitors. Some of them must not go                      Squire Marcos de Obregón), a picaresque novel
                                  omelette, mountain-style trout, squash soup and          unmentioned, however, because of their                     that is considered one of the best of the Siglo de
                                  mountain-style chestnut soup. Cold cuts made in          contributions on the national level.                       Oro (Golden Age). He includes autobiographical
                                  Ronda are widely known for their high quality. As                                                                   data and numerous references to Ronda in this work.
                                  for confectionery, yemas del Tajo (a pastry made         The first dynasty of Ronda bullfighters, which
                                  from egg yolks) are delicious. Products made by          was to create a school of bullfighting, was                The list of personages who were not born in
                                  cloistered nuns, especially by those in the Order        founded by Pedro Romero (1754-1839), who                   Ronda but who passed through this town and
                                  of Mercy or St. Francis are also excellent.              was a son and nephew of bullfighters and the               left their mark here is truly endless, from the
                                                                                           inventor of the muleta (bullfighter's red cape).           ancient Pliny and Ptolemy to modern-day
                                                                                           It is said that he was never wounded in a                  personalities. It was the romantic travellers,
                                  NATURE                                                   bullfight, which is extraordinary if one takes             however, who made Ronda known
                                  The natural heritage of the Ronda highlands is           into account that he killed more than 5,000                throughout Europe in the nineteenth century.
                                  extraordinary for the wealth and variety of its          bulls. After his retirement from the ring he was           Carter, Richard Ford, Merimée, Gautier,
                                  ecosystems and its impressive geological                 named by Fernando VII as director of the                   Doré, Lorca, Alberti, Hemingway and Rilke,
                                  formations. In this area there are the Nature Parks of   School of Bullfighting of Seville, and since the           among many others, contributed, through
                                  Los Alcornocales, known as the last jungle on the        mid-twentieth century the famous Goyesque                  their works, to spreading and divulging the

                                  Mediterranean; Sierra de Grazalema, which records        bullfights of Ronda have been celebrated in                beauty, legends and myths of this city over
                                  the heaviest rainfall on the Peninsular and thus has     his honour.                                                more than half the world.

258     Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                           Ronda                             Index                     Málaga, Sun and Culture                     259
                                                                         p    RÍNCIPE DE ASTURIAS AUDITORIUM                                      Torremolinos

                                                   TOURIST BOARD &
                                                  CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                                             USEFUL INFORMATION

                          Sun and Culture
                                                                                                                             Address: Fairground - Plaza de España, s/n
                                                                                                                             29620 Torremolinos
                                                                                                                             Tel.: (+34) 952 379 520
                                                                                                                             Fax: (+34) 952 379 518

                 .  THEATRES

                                                                                                                                                                           Príncipe de Asturias Auditorium
             Príncipe de Asturias Auditorium                  page 261
                                                                                     This auditorium hosts national and
          . CULTURAL CENTRES AND EXHIBITION HALLS                        international shows and exhibitions. Some live TV
                                                                         shows (El Club de la Comedia or 5
        Torremolinos House of Culture                         page 262   are broadcast from the site.
       Pablo Ruiz Picasso Cultural Centre                     page 263
      Artgea Art Gallery                                      page 264
      Exhibition Hall at Torremolinos Town Hall               page 265

260                                                                                                                Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture              261
                                tORREMOLINOS HOUSE OF CULTURE                                                Torremolinos             p    ABLO RUIZ PICASSO CULTURAL CENTRE                                    Torremolinos

                                                                                    USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                     USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                    Address: C/ Oracio Lengo, 3                                                                            Address: C/ de la Cruz, 42
                                                                                    29620 Torremolinos                                                                                     29620 Torremolinos
                                                                                    Tel.: (+34) 952 370 585                                                                                Tel.: (+34) 952 053 835
                                                                                    Fax: (+34) 952 379 518

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Pablo Ruiz Picasso Cultural Centre
Torremolinos House of Culture

                                           The local House of Culture runs                                                                       The former Railway Workers'
                                temporary exhibitions featuring works by national                                                     Orphanage has been refurbished by the local
                                and foreign artists. It also has a library.                                                           Town Council and is now used as a cultural
                                                                                                                                      centre. The edifice was built between 1933 and
                                                                                                                                      1936. The Government of Andalusia declared this
                                                                                                                                      Modernist building as a Cultural Asset.

                                                                                                                                      The two-floor premises cover a surface area of
                                                                                                                                      7,000 sq m. The building is home to the Culture
                                                                                                                                      Workshops, the Hospitality and Travel School
                                                                                                                                      (depending on the University of Alcalá), theatres,

                                                                                                                                      cinema screens, exhibition halls, library, and
                                                                                                                                      archive. It opened on 12 November 2001.


     262                        Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                      Torremolinos                        Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture     263
                     a    RTGEA ART GALLERY                                                      Torremolinos             e   XHIBITION HALL AT TORREMOLINOS      Torremolinos
                                                                                                                                                           TOWN HALL

                                                                         USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                      USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                         Address: C/ de las Mercedes, 28. Site 2                                                                 Address: Plaza Blas Infante, 1
                                                                         29620 Torremolinos                                                                                      29620 Torremolinos
                                                                         Tel.: (+34) 952 051 887                                                                                 Tel.: (+34) 952 379 512 / 952 379 537
                                                                         Fax: (+34) 952 388 782                                                                                  Fax: (+34) 952 379 521
                                                                         E-mail:                                                                               E-mail:

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Exhibition Hall at Torremolinos Town Hall
                                 In this art gallery, visitors can see                                                                  The Town Hall, located in the Blas
                     contemporary art works, mainly paintings,                                                            Infante square, contains the offices of the public
                     collages, and sculptures.                                                                            officials of Torremolinos. In addition, it houses an
Artgea Art Gallery

                                                                                                                          exhibition hall.



   264               Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                     Torremolinos                         Index              Málaga, Sun and Culture         265
                                                                                                                                                                                           TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                                 CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                   The district of Torremolinos is located
                                                      Torremolinos                            between the Sierra de Mijas mountain range and
                                                                                                                                                    Roman era is a small necropolis discovered
                                                                                                                                                    while construction was taking place in the
                                                                                              the coast, in a land of gently rolling hills that     Cantabria Square.
                                         USEFUL INFORMATION                                   slope gradually down to the sea. A former
                                                                                              neighbourhood of Málaga City, Torremolinos has        The Arabs, with their eternal reverence of water,
                                         Surface area: 20 km2.                                been an independent district since 1988. The          did not hesitate to take advantage of the stream
                                         Population: Around 53,500.                           extensive green areas that descend to the foot        that flowed down from the springs area to the
                                         Name given to the local people: Torremolinenses.     of the mountains run right into the multi-coloured    beach. They built several watermills along its
                                         Location: Torremolinos is located in the Western     and labyrinthine urban sprawl of the town, giving     course. Around 1300 A.D., at the height of the
                                         Costa del Sol region. Its main centre is situated    the locality a rather unique appearance (it has       Nasrid period, the construction of a defensive
                                         50 m above sea level, 12 km from Málaga City         four very distinct population centres: El Calvario,   tower began at the end of what is now San
                                         and 5 km from Pablo Ruiz Picasso International       El Bajondillo, La Carihuela, and the most             Miguel St. to try and deter invasions from the
                                         Airport. Average rainfall in the area is 500 l/m2    traditional part of the town, with its maze of        sea. The city's name came about as a reference
                                         and the annual average temperature is                winding streets).                                     to this tower (torre) and the mills (molinos) built there.
                                         approximately 18º C.
                                         What to see: San Miguel Street, Pimentel Tower,      The first humans settled in the area around           Shortly after the conquest of Málaga, Ferdinand
                                         Casa de los Navajas, Molino de Inca,                 150,000 years ago. Nine Prehistoric human             and Isabella granted Torremolinos's springs to
                                         Torremolinos Sports Centre, La Carihuela,            skulls were found in the caves that once existed      the capital city, a decision that was supported by
                                         Palacio de Congresos (Conference Hall),              at Tesoro, Tejones, Encanto and Tapada, in            Joanna the Mad again in 1511. As a result, the
                                         Príncipe de Asturias Auditorium.                     Punta de Torremolinos, in the present-day Santa       watermills constructed by the Moors slowly
                                         Tourist Information:                                 Clara Castle, which is now situated on the site,      ceased to function over the course of the years
                                         Town Hall, Department for Tourism,                   where clay vessels, axe heads, necklaces,             due to water shortage.
                                         Plaza Blas Infante, 1 (29620).                       bracelets, and rings were also found, together
                                         Tel.: (+34) 952 379 511.                             with Neolithic remains (ca. 5000 B.C.). These,        The first resident of Torremolinos whose name
                                         Fax: (+34) 952 379 551.                              according to historian Juan Temboury, belonged        appears in an official document was a man
                                         Tourist Office,                                      to a people from Mesopotamia who settled in the       named Alonso Martín. He was hired as a tower
                                         Plaza de la Independencia, s/n.                      area - an area where they found an excellent          guard whose mission was warning the town of
                                         Tel.: (+34) 952 374 231.                             climate, abundance of water, game and fish, as        impending sea attacks, one of which took place in
                                                                                              well as natural shelters.                             1503, as shown in a document found in the
                                                                                                                                                    Málaga Cathedral Archives. Martín was paid 25
                                                                                              In Roman times, Torremolinos was very well            maravedíes (old Spanish currency) a day, but,
                                                                                              connected with Málaga and Cádiz by means of           since his duty was to keep a careful watch over
                                                                                              a road which the Romans had constructed to            the coast, he was not allowed to have a dog or a
                                                                                              unite the cities. And it was probably thanks to the   fishing pole, nor was he allowed to play games. In
                                                                                              good road system that three fish salting factories    the event that he did not fulfil these requirements,
                                                                                              were established here (mainly specialising in the     he could have been sanctioned with two months
                                                                                              production of garum, a sort of sauce derived          without pay or even be dismissed.

                                                                                              from fish that was essential in Roman cuisine),
                                                                                              although only scanty remains of one of them           The harassment of the Málaga coast by
                                                                                              have been conserved in the area of the                privateers was incessant, so in order to defend
                                                                                              Campamento Benítez. Also dating from the              the coastline of Torremolinos, Antonio Jiménez

  266          Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                               Torremolinos                         Index                        Málaga, Sun and Culture                         267
                                                                                                                                                                                   TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                      CONVENTION BUREAU
                                         Mesa, a Royal Army engineer, suggested that a
                                         castle or a cannon battery should be built. The
                                         project started in 1770 on the site where the
                                         Santa Clara Hotel stands today. The fortress
                                         housed quarters for cavalry and infantry, a
                                         chapel, residences and warehouses. It was
                                         equipped with a battery of six twenty-four-pound
                                         cannons with a range of approximately 6 km. The
                                         enclosure was a military base up until 1830, when
                                         it was adapted as headquarters for police officers.
                                         Years later it came into private hands and some
                                         remains of the fortress still survive today in the
                                         area known as La Batería.

                                         In 1923, two projects were implemented to route
                                         water from Torremolinos to Málaga, given the
                                         population increase in the capital of the province,
                                         which only had limited water resources at that
                                         time. This initiative brought about the conversion
                                         of the town of Torremolinos into a neighbourhood
                                         of Málaga.

                                         Sir George Langworthy, a peculiar British
                                         citizen who settled in Torremolinos at the end
                                         of the nineteenth century, bought the Castle of
                                         Santa Clara and, in 1930, turned it into a hotel-
                                         residence. It was the first tourist property not      peaceful town, which arose under the              WHAT TO SEE
                                         only in Torremolinos, but practically on the          protection of its watchtower and with the         Due to its proximity to Málaga and its having
                                         entire Costa del Sol. Shortly thereafter, Carlota     help of watermills that took advantage of the     been just a "suburb" of the province's capital for
                                         Alessandri turned "Cucazorra," her rural              abundant water supply from its springs, is        so many years, Torremolinos doesn't have many
                                         house, into the Parador de Montenar. The              known all over the world and a leader in the      notable old monuments, with the exception of
                                         following decade the La Roca Hotel opened its         international travel industry.                    the Torre Pimentel (Pimentel Tower). It does,
                                         doors and, at the end of the 1940s, El Remos                                                            however, offer some of the most complete
                                         Restaurant and Ball Room in Carihuela began           HOW TO GET THERE                                  leisure services on the entire Costa del Sol, with
                                         operating. The rest is well-known history!            Directly from the airport or from anywhere        excellent sports and cultural opportunities,
                                                                                               else on the Costa del Sol just follow the signs   charming neighbourhoods, a wonderful
                                         Since the inauguration of the Los Nidos Hotel         to Torremolinos; you can't miss it. The           beachfront promenade and, of course, the

                                         and the Pez Espada (the first luxury hotel in         Autovía del Mediterráneo and the old N-340,       beaches, whose quality has kept the town a
                                         the area) in the 1950s, the name                      whose stretch across the city centre has been     leader in tourism year after year.
                                         Torremolinos has been inevitably associated           converted into a boulevard, are the access
                                         with tourism. Now, over fifty years later, the        routes for this major tourist destination.

  268          Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                Torremolinos                      Index                    Málaga, Sun and Culture                    269
                                                                                                                                                                 TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                CONVENTION BUREAU
                                         Before the unstoppable "tourist boom" took place       been built on its grounds. The garden features
                                         at the end of the 1950s, San Miguel St. was            more than 150 palm trees of fifty different
                                         already the heart of Torremolinos. What at first       varieties, 300 trees of 60 different species, and
                                         glance may appear to be just another crowded           400 shrubs coming from several parts of the
                                         pedestrian zone like that of many other coastal        world. Four viewpoints have been strategically
                                         towns turns out to be a street with its own unique     built to allow the mill and gardens to be admired.
                                         character, a boisterous cosmopolitan atmosphere
                                         and other hard-to-define nuances that make it          The Torremolinos City Sport Complex, located in
                                         really one-of-a-kind.                                  the extended area of Torremolinos, between the
                                                                                                city centre and Los Manantiales, offers
                                         On a stroll down this street towards the sea, you'll   numerous facilities such as El Pozuelo grass
                                         find the Torre Pimentel, which people used to call     football field, the Palacio San Miguel multi-sport
                                         Torre de los Molinos, Torre Molinos or Torre de        centre, the Virgen del Carmen Olympic-sized
                                         Molinos. Much historical information exists about      swimming pool, athletic tracks, dirt football
                                         this monument, dating back as far as 1490. Its         fields, and tennis and paddle-tennis courts. It is
                                         name, the repair work done on it, the people who       one of the most fully equipped sports complexes
                                         worked in it and other minutiae are painstakingly      of its kind in Andalusia, and many international
                                         detailed in a number of historical documents.          teams use it as a training facility, especially in
                                         Juan Temboury believes the tower was erected in        winter, when the weather in their countries is so
                                         the fourteenth century; he describes it as "a          inhospitable that outdoor sports cannot be
                                         rectangular prism with a base measuring 7.2 x 6.1      practised.
                                         m, a top measuring 6.63 x 5.05 m and a height of
                                         about 12 m."                                           La Carihuela district, to the west of the town, is
                                                                                                a paradise for lovers of the famous pescaíto frito
                                         The Casa de los Navajas (C/ Las Mercedes, s/n)         (small fried fish) and without a doubt one of the
                                         is a beautiful extravagance of a Churriana             Costa del Sol's most famous restaurant areas.
                                         resident who, in 1925, decided to build a mansion      Despite the throngs of tourists coming to the
                                         in Neo-Mudéjar style. This architectural style         district, it has been able to keep its traditional
                                         unabashedly set out to imitate the buildings           charm with narrow streets, small tranquil plazas
                                         designed by the Muslims who continued to live in       dotted with plants and flowers and, above all, a
                                         Spain after the Reconquest in the fourteenth to        unique maritime character. The beachfront
                                         sixteenth centuries. The Neo-Mudéjar style             promenade connects the area with Bajondillo
                                         became widely popular after the Iberian-               and Playamar, where, just as in La Carihuela,
                                         American Exhibition, held in Seville in 1929.          the beaches and the food live up to their fame.

                                         El Molino de Inca, located in the Los Manantiales      The Palacio de Congresos y Exposiciones de
                                         area, is the oldest of all the watermills that once    Torremolinos (Torremolinos Conference and

                                         existed in the district (in 1923 there were 19) and    Exhibition Hall) is situated very close to the city
                                         the first to receive water from the mountains. The     centre on a small hill that affords an excellent
                                         watermill, once used to mill grain, has now been       panoramic view of the coast. It features twenty
                                         renovated, and a 40,000m2 botanical garden has         two halls with a capacity for between 12 and 900

  270          Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                 Torremolinos                         Index     Málaga, Sun and Culture         271
                                                                                                                                                                                        TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                                                           CONVENTION BUREAU
                                         people. The Príncipe de Asturias Municipal              The Verdiales Day, a celebration dedicated to
                                         Auditorium is one of the town's most important          the native folklore of Málaga, is held near the
                                         cultural facilities. The building covers 6,500m2        San Miguel Chapel in the pine grove of Los
                                         and can accommodate 1,790 people seated and             Manantiales between the beginning of March
                                         another 5,500 standing. Built for virtually any type    and the beginning of April. It features
                                         of event, it often houses musical performances          performances in three distinct flamenco styles:
                                         (opera and zarzuela), theatre plays, and dance          Comares, Almogía and Montes. The singing and
                                         shows, and less frequently, multitudinous               dancing is also complemented by a cooking
                                         banquets.                                               demonstration.

                                         FIESTAS                                                 Clubs, associations, fraternities, and other social
                                         As a first-class tourist destination, Torremolinos      groups all play a very active part in the Cruces
                                         offers a never-ending festival calendar. The first      de Mayo (Crosses of May) celebration.
                                         engagement is the Retro Dance Competition,              Traditional ceramic and copper pottery, fancy
                                         held at the Príncipe de Asturias Auditorium the         Manila shawls, and many beautiful plants and
                                         last week of February. Couples over 50 come             flowers are used to decorate the altars, always
                                         from all over Europe to participate in this unusual     worthy of the praise they receive from the many
                                         competition that draws large crowds of spectators       onlookers.
                                         to the auditorium every day. Tango, waltz, paso
                                         doble, salsa, rock & roll or twist are the styles of    The celebration of La Noche de San Juan (The
                                         choice in this competition that also sees dances        Eve of St. John), on 23 June, is a longstanding
                                         that aren't part of the official contest taking place   tradition throughout the area. But the grand
                                         in other parts of the city. The competition begins      festivities organised by the Hermandad de
                                         with a special parade through the main streets of       Marineros de la Virgen del Carmen (Virgen del
                                         the town. Two records have been broken in this          Carmen Sailors' Fraternity), and those that take
                                         parade: the largest gypsy dress and the largest         place in the suburbs of San Juan and
                                         wedding dress in the world.                             Cantarranas enjoy the greatest degree of
                                                                                                 popularity. In keeping with the tradition, bonfires
                                         Carnival (the first two weeks of March) takes on a      are lit in different places and young people          By the end of September, Torremolinos
                                         special significance in Torremolinos due to the         participate in the most dangerous jumps. The          celebrates the pilgrimage of its Patron Saint, St
                                         large popular participation in the fiesta and           procession of the Saint takes place on 24 June        Michael, in the nearby pine forest of Los
                                         because of the quality of the groups participating      after a Mass sung by the choir named Coro             Manantiales. Based on the number of people
                                         in the competitions of chirigotas, murgas and           Rociero de San Juan.                                  who participate every year (more than 200,000),
                                         comparsas (humorous songs and popular                                                                         it ranks as the second largest pilgrimage in
                                         performances), which take place in the Municipal        The Carmen Fair attracts thousands of people to       Andalusia, after that of El Rocío.
                                         Auditorium. There is also a costume ball and a          La Carihuela in mid July, especially on the day
                                         colourful Carnival parade on the promenade in La        when the image of the Virgin is placed on a boat      The procession, which includes many

                                         Carihuela along with competitions to choose King        to complete a maritime procession around the          extravagantly adorned carriages and an even
                                         Momo, the Nymph, and the best costumes.                 district. The heart of the celebration is the El      greater number of horseback riders, leaves from
                                                                                                 Remo Plaza, where a wide variety of music and         the centre of town and heads towards Los
                                                                                                 dance performances are held.                          Manantiales amidst cheerful exclamations by

  272          Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                  Torremolinos                         Index                     Málaga, Sun and Culture                   273
                                                                                                                                                               TOURIST BOARD &

                                                                                                                                                                              CONVENTION BUREAU
                                         tourists, who don't hesitate to ask about just what   established, Nuestro Padre Jesús and María
                                         it is that they are witnessing. The pilgrims camp     Santísima de los Dolores, headquartered in the
                                         next to San Miguel Chapel, which is then              Parish Church of Madre del Buen Consejo. The
                                         completely overrun by the number of people            fraternity sets out in a procession on Good
                                         trying to hear the Mass inside the shrine. Once       Friday.
                                         the religious ceremony is over, the party begins
                                         and goes on until the sun goes down. Singing,         FOOD
                                         dancing and excellent food are the key features of    Pescaíto both from La Carihuela and
                                         this popular fiesta.                                  Bajondillo-Playamar is star dish in the district.
                                                                                               Its quality is based on the way in which the fish
                                         A few days later, the San Miguel Fair begins and,     is fried. However, it has managed to cross
                                         as in other towns in Málaga, celebrations take        borders and has become Torremolinos's most
                                         place in the city centre during the day and then      sought-after and well-known culinary treat. In
                                         move to the fairgrounds in the evening. Here,         addition to this specialty, the town offers an
                                         practically all of the clubs and associations in      extremely varied selection of local and
                                         Torremolinos set up their own stand, and there        international cuisine in its over 250 restaurants,
                                         are many private ones as well. Despite the            with a wide variety of prices.
                                         throngs of tourists who come for the festivities,
                                         the Fair has managed to keep its undeniable           LEISURE
                                         Andalusian character; even more so in recent          The Aquapark water park (C/ Cuba, 10. Tel.: 902
                                         years due to the firm decision and efforts made       114 996) is an excellent complement to the
                                         not to lose local traditions.                         beach for many visitors. Every water park
                                                                                               attraction you can imagine can be found within
                                         The town also gets turned upside down on the          its 70,000 m2 of recreational space, including
                                         first Thursday of September, Tourist Day. Starting    everything from the 24m high "kamikaze"
                                         several years ago as way of thanking visitors who     waterslide, to the pirate boat, the castle, the
                                         choose Torremolinos as their vacation spot, it        water dart, or waterfalls, rapids, Jacuzzis, mini-
                                         features traditional performances, food tasting,      golf and extensive gardens of trees and
                                         and the selection of the "Tourist of Honour."         vegetation where a pleasant day can be enjoyed
                                                                                               by adults and children alike.
                                         Torremolinos knows that pescaíto frito (small
                                         fried fish) is one of the town's major attractions    The recently inaugurated Parque Cocodrilos (C/
                                         when it comes to promoting tourism. This is why       Cuba, 14. Tel.: 639 169 347) covers 16,000 m2
                                         the first Thursday of October is celebrated as        .It features a bamboo forest, whose specimens
                                         "Pescaíto Day," on which local restaurant owners      were brought from Malaysia and Borneo, a large
                                         hand out free rations of pescaíto to residents        6,000 m2 lake with five small crocodile islands, a
                                         and tourists alike.                                   monkey shelter, a museum, a film screen, and a

                                                                                               viewpoint area. Visitors can see more than 300
                                         Holy Week was not celebrated in Torremolinos          different crocodiles, South American caimans
                                         until rather late, as compared to other towns in      and American alligators.
                                         the province. In 1924, the first fraternity was

  274          Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                Torremolinos                         Index    Málaga, Sun and Culture         275
                                          TOURIST BOARD &
                                         CONVENTION BUREAU

                    index. Torrox
              Málaga, Sun and Culture

       Torrox House of Culture                 page 278
      Hoya Exhibition Hall                     page 279

276             Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture    277
                          tORROX HOUSE OF CULTURE                                                                      Torrox        h   OYA EXHIBITION HALL                                                         Torrox

                                                                                   USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                  USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                   Address: Edificio el Convento - C/ Almerida,                                                        Address: Plaza de Hoya, s/n
                                                                                   47                                                                                                  29770 Torrox
                                                                                   29770 Torrox                                                                                        Tel.: (+34) 952 538 730
                                                                                   Tel.: (+34) 952 538 730 / 952 539 513
                                                                                   Fax: (+34) 952 539 513

                                       The House of Culture's goal is to                                                                         Hoya exhibits national painters and
Torrox House of Culture

                          foster the cultural life of Torrox through exhibitions                                                     sculptors' works.
                          and other cultural events.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Hoya Exhibition Hall



    278                   Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                                Torrox                      Index             Málaga, Sun and Culture        279
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                                                                                               The rugged landscape of the area seems
                                                                    Torrox               to be in open opposition to uniformity, greeting
                                                                                                                                              least the eighth century. And it was in this
                                                                                                                                              century that the Umayyad Abd-ar-Rahman
                                                                                         visitors with an endless succession of gullies       settled in Torrox, after having landed at
                                   USEFUL INFORMATION                                    and hills. Since it is near the sea, the terrain     Almuñécar. Some time later, he was to establish
                                                                                         doesn't reach high elevations, and Cocoja Hill       an independent Caliphate in Córdoba.
                                   Surface area: 50 km2.                                 and the Rábita de Torrox -its highest peaks, 700
                                   Population: About 17,000.                             m high- are blanketed with lowland vegetation.       Some historians have identified Torrox as Hisn
                                   Name given to the local people: Torroxeños.                                                                Turrus, the place where Abd-ar-Rahman III
                                   Nickname: Hocicones.                                  The Torrox Stream, also called the Patalamara,       defeated Umar Ibn Hafsun -who had become
                                   Location: Torrox is located in the southern part of   De la Plata or Argentino by the local people,        the leader of the rebels in the provinces to the
                                   the Axarquía region, at the foot of the Tejeda and    flows southwards across the district. The            south and west of the Caliphate of Córdoba- in
                                   Almijara mountain ranges. The town is 145 m           stream's water is put to maximum use for             914. Then, Torrox became a jurisdiction under
                                   above sea level, 40 km from Málaga City and 20        irrigation purposes before it empties into the sea   Frigiliana's domination. During the long period of
                                   km from Vélez-Málaga. Average rainfall in the         at Punta de Torrox. The district boasts 9 km of      Muslim rule, the village was an important
                                   region is 530 l/m2 and the average annual             sandy beaches next to Torrox Costa and El Morche.    producer of silk and white mulberry trees were
                                   temperature is about 19º C.                                                                                grown in its fertile meadows.
                                   What to see: The Torrox Lighthouse Roman              Cultivation fields dominate the countryside,
                                   Archaeological Site (Roman villa, baths,              whose slopes made it necessary to set terraces       The conquest of Vélez by Christian troops in
                                   necropolis, etc.), Parish Church of Nuestra           so as to extend the surface area of arable land.     1487 dealt such a blow to the region that many
                                   Señora de la Encarnación (Our Lady of the             These terraces have become a defining feature        towns gave themselves over without resistance
                                   Incarnation), Chapel and Convent of Nuestra           of the landscape in the area and are ideal for the   to avoid further bloodshed. Torrox surrendered
                                   Señora de las Nieves (Our Lady of the Snows),         cultivation of subtropical fruit.                    on 29 April, 1487, just two days after Vélez was
                                   Church of San Roque, Casa de la Moneda.                                                                    recaptured by the Christians.
                                   Tourist Information:                                  In Los Casarones, about 2 km north of the town,
                                   Town Hall,                                            a Neolithic polished axe was found, attesting to     In 1488, however, the Moorish leader El Zagal,
                                   Plaza de la Constitución, 1 (29770).                  the presence of human settlers in the area back      recaptured the village for the Muslim cause,
                                   Tel.: (+34) 952 538 200.                              in that period. Later, the Carthaginians or          though he only held it for a few months before it
                                   Fax: (+34) 952 538 100.                               Phoenicians probably settled in the area, an         once again fell to the Christians.
                                   Tourist Office:                                       assumption based on the fact that the
                                   Centro Internacional, Block 769,                      archaeological sites of Trayamar and                 When a Moorish rebellion took place in 1568,
                                   ground floor (29793).                                 Mezquitilla, in Algarrobo Costa, are located near    about half of the population was made up of Old
                                   Tel.: (+34) 952 532 155.                              Los Casarones, but this is only a hypothesis,        Christians and the rest, of Moors, many of whom
                                   Fax: (+34) 953 530 225.                               since no other remains have yet been                 took part in the insurrection at Peñón de
                                                                                         discovered in the district.                          Frigiliana. Through 1571, at least twenty two
                                                                                                                                              Moors who were dwelling in Torrox were tried by
                                                                                         Without any doubt, though, there is evidence of      the Tribunal of the Holy Office in Granada, and
                                                                                         Roman presence. In the area known as Faro            documents relate how members of the Quilat
                                                                                         (Lighthouse) or Punta de Torrox, remains have        family were burned at the stake, accused of
                                                                                         been found from the ancient city of Caviclum,        continuing to follow the principles of the Islamic

                                                                                         believed to have been established in the first       faith. The enthusiastic participation of the local
                                                                                         century and to have remained active until at         Moors in the uprising led to a brutal repression

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                                   by the Christian rulers, followed by the Moors'
                                   abandonment of the eight Arab towns within the
                                   district: Alhandiga, Almeida, Arcos Benamayor,
                                   Cajauja, Lautín, Lugarejo and Periana (not the
                                   present-day Periana). During the eighteenth
                                   century, the town's economy was based on sugar
                                   cane production and more than eighty percent of
                                   the arable land in the region was used to growing
                                   it, and there were two sugar refineries. The ruins
                                   of the Torrox lighthouse were discovered in 1773,
                                   a time when the town had a population of about 3,000.

                                   At the dawn of the nineteenth century, in 1804, an
                                   epidemic of yellow fever decimated Torrox
                                   population. A few years later, Napoleon's troops
                                   occupied the town, and in 1812 they took their
                                   leave of Torrox by blowing up the village castle.
                                   Some decades later, however, the region saw an
                                   unexpected economic boom. Records indicate
                                   that at that time the town boasted two olive oil
                                   mills, two pottery factories, three flour mills, and a
                                   brandy distillery, as well as the sugar refinery
                                   belonging to the Larios family.

                                   HOW TO GET THERE
                                   On the Autovía del Mediterráneo (A-7, N-340), in
                                   the section between Vélez-Málaga and Nerja, the          historians agree that this was the site of the city     while the side vaults are oval. Rising above the
                                   exit to Torrox is clearly indicated; no further turn-    of Mansio Caviclum cited in Antonine's                  exterior is a square tower divided into three
                                   offs are necessary.                                      "Itinerary." It is a big settlement which was active    sections, the last of which is capped with a
                                                                                            from the first through the fourth century. A villa, a   pyramidal spire.
                                   WHAT TO SEE                                              fish salting factory, baths, an oven and a
                                   Set on a hilltop, Torrox had to adapt to the uneven      necropolis have been found.                             In the sixteenth century, Franciscan monks
                                   terrain in an almost whimsical fashion. The                                                                      founded the Chapel and Convent of Nuestra
                                   uniform whitewash of the houses is highlighted by        One of the highlights within Torrox is the Church       Señora de las Nieves (Our Lady of the Snows).
                                   the splashes of colour offered by their flowerpots,      of Nuestra Señora de la Encarnación (Our Lady           The church is laid-out in the form of a Latin cross
                                   and the hidden nooks and crannies of the old             of the Incarnation), whose original building was        with naves and side chapels, a presbytery, a
                                   quarter can take visitors back to the time when          erected in the seventeenth century on top of an         choir, and a belfry. It also features an
                                   the Moors used to live here.                             old mosque. The church, which underwent                 exceptional Mudéjar coffered ceiling. The
                                   The historical importance of the Roman                   reconstruction in 1889, has a floor-plan in the         convent, adjoining the chapel, consists of two

                                   archaeological site at the Faro de Torrox (Torrox        shape of a Latin cross composed of three naves.         levels. It has a cloister, an interior courtyard and
                                   Lighthouse) makes it a must see. Several                 The main chapel is covered by a barrel vault,           stables. The cloister rooms were used in the

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                                   nineteenth century as storage space for fruit, and
                                   later served as barracks for the Civil Guard, a
                                   function they held until the 1970s.

                                   The Church of San Roque, not presently used for
                                   religious celebrations, was built in Neomudéjar
                                   style on top of a building originally constructed in
                                   the sixteenth century. It consists of a single nave
                                   with the main chapel topped by a semicircular
                                   vault. Its brick exterior, painted in a rather
                                   inappropriate red, features an graceful belfry.

                                   The town houses other interesting historic
                                   buildings, such as the Palacio de la Aduana
                                   (Customs Hall), also known as Casa de la
                                   Moneda. Situated on Baja St., it dates from the
                                   eighteenth century and later it was converted into
                                   a private residence. The nineteenth-century
                                   palace that today houses the Cultural Centre
                                   (Casa de la Hoya) lodged Alfonso XII when he
                                   came to the town in 1885.

                                   The October Fair (from 4 to 8 October) kicks off
                                   with a parade by the students at the Municipal
                                   Academy of Music, who are followed by a
                                   procession of cabezudos (a kind of Carnival
                                   figures with a large head) and giants. In the
                                   evening, the lights are turned on at the
                                   fairgrounds. The public can enjoy musical
                                   performances and participate in sports activities,
                                   but the emotional highlight of the celebrations
                                   occurs when the images of the town's patrons,
                                   Nuestra Señora de las Nieves and San Roque,
                                   are carried from the Parish Church to the Saint's
                                   Chapel, a journey that takes place to the
                                   accompaniment of a prolonged fireworks display.

                                   El Morche celebrates its big day, on 15 August, as

                                   a tribute to Virgen del Carmen. The celebration
                                   was moved back from 16 July to August because

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                                   more visitors are likely to come. Fishing contests,         FOOD
                                   musical performances and, of course, a sea                  Migas are, of course, the town's most popular and
                                   procession of the Virgin are all part of the festivities.   traditional dish, whose list of ingredients is
                                                                                               surprisingly short and simple: flour, garlic, olive oil,
                                   As to the Carnival celebration, it has become quite         pork scratchings, bacon, and know-how on the
                                   popular in the town, and today is one of the festivals      part of the cook! Despite the simplicity of the
                                   that draw the highest numbers of participants. The          recipe, the resulting dish is exquisite and is often
                                   amusing and fiercely-contested street musician and          accompanied by an equally famous salad made
                                   parade competitions are followed with great interest        with codfish, olives, chives, orange and olive oil.
                                   by the local people, who also take part in the street       The star dish at Christmastime is the traditional
                                   parades.                                                    Christmas vegetable soup, while garlic and bread
                                   In May, the "Cruces" (Crosses) are celebrated.              soups and pumpkin stews are popular throughout
                                   The crosses here are adorned with flowerpots                the year. In summer, gazpacho and ajoblanco
                                   and not just flowers, a peculiarity of this                 (both are chilled vegetable soups) are commonly
                                   festival in Torrox. An amazing variety of                   eaten, and in coastal areas fish brochettes are
                                   decorations are placed on the main stepped                  very popular. With respect to sweets, special
                                   altar, though the most impressive are the                   mention must be made of the arropia, a candy
                                   embroidered shawls and lace doilies. The                    whose recipe was passed down by the Arabs,
                                   altars are normally placed in the courtyards                made with honey. Hornazos (rolls) on St John's
                                   and the festivities, during which traditional               Day, and roscos (rolls), at Christmastime, round
                                   food is served, are organised around them.                  out the typical Torrox pastries menu.
                                   St. John's Eve (23 June) is of special significance
                                   in Torrox. The traditional burning of the júas, the         IMPORTANT FIGURES
                                   bonfire jumping, and a series of other rituals all          Al-Mansur or Almanzor, whose full name was
                                   come together with water playing a central role.            Muhammad ibn Abu 'Amir al-Mansur, was born in
                                   The rituals are almost always aimed at                      Torrox in 939, according to some historians, right in
                                   discovering whether amorous relationships will              the town castle. Serving as Regent of Seville and
                                   have a happy ending or not.                                 Chief of the Armies, he conquered Zamora and
                                                                                               León and on, 3 July, 997, Santiago de Compostela
                                   On the Sunday before Christmas Day, Torrox is               -a city in which he showed respect only for the tomb
                                   literally invaded by thousands of out-of-town visitors      of the apostle, to which he assigned a special
                                   who come to celebrate the Migas Day (migas is a             guard. Using captive Christians to transport them,
                                   typical dish made with breadcrumbs), without a              he sent the bells of the cathedral and the gates of
                                   doubt the town's most outstanding celebration.              the city to Córdoba, where they were placed in the
                                   Parades, folk music, fandangos and other traditional        mosque as trophies. This would all prove to be a
                                   performances serve as a backdrop to the frantic             work in vain, as, years later, Ferdinand III, the Saint,
                                   activity that takes place when the people of the town       returned the objects to their rightful owner,
                                   start preparing their famous specialty: migas. Migas        Santiago, and he used captive Muslims to transport
                                   are then eaten with true delight by the thousands in        them! According to some chroniclers, Almanzor

                                   attendance at this grand festival, in which the locals      became overly proud and he was defeated by
                                   show their kind hospitality.                                Christian troops in the Battle of Calatañazor in 998.
                                                                                               He died in Medinaceli in 1002.

 286     Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                             Torrox                             Index     Málaga, Sun and Culture         287
                                                                           c  INESUR EL INGENIO                                                     M

                                                     TOURIST BOARD &
                                                    CONVENTION BUREAU
                                                                                                                         USEFUL INFORMATION

                  ndex.        M
                          Sun and Culture
                                                                                                                         Address: Avda. Juan Carlos I, s/n
                                                                                                                         29700 Vélez Málaga
                                                                                                                         Tel.: 902 504 150 (only from Spain)
                                                                                                                               (+34) 952 540 571

                 . CINEMAS
             Cinesur El Ingenio                                 page 289

          . THEATRES                                                       DESCRIPTION                              SERVICES

        Del Carmen Theatre

                                                                                                                                                                Cinesur El Ingenio
                                                                           Number of screens: 12                    Audience Day: Wednesday
                                                                page 290
                                                                           Total audience capacity: 2,600           Discount to people over 65
                                                                                                                    Advance ticket sales
       Beniel Palace (María Zambrano Foundation Headquarters                                                        Morning show
      and Department of Culture)                                page 291                                            Late show
                                                                                                                    Numbered seats
      Exhibition Hall - Exile Study Centre                      page 292
                                                                                                                    Student card
      Exhibition Hall - Unicaja                                 page 293                                            Youth card

                                                                                                                    Tiered seats
                                                                                                                    Venue hire
                                                                                                                    Ticket sales by phone
                                                                                                                    Online ticket sales

                                                                                                                    Air conditioning
                                                                                                                    Disabled access


288                                                                                                         Index                 Málaga, Sun and Culture      289
                     d    EL CARMEN THEATRE                                                     Vélez-Málaga
                                                                                                      M                    b    ENIEL PALACE (MARÍA ZAMBRANO               M
                                                                                                                                                       FOUNDATION HEADQUARTERS
                                                                                                                                                      AND DEPARTMENT OF CULTURE)
                                                                          USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                          Address: Plaza del Carmen, s/n                                                                         USEFUL INFORMATION
                                                                          Tel.: (+34) 952 507 106
                                                                                                                                                                                 Address: Plaza Palacio, 1
                                                                                                                                                                                 29700 Vélez Málaga
                                                                                                                                                                                 Tel.: (+34) 952 500 244
                                                                                                                                                                                 Fax: (+34) 952 549 036
                                                                                                                                                                                 Department of Culture
                                                                                                                                                                                 Tel.: (+34) 952 507 401

                                  The theatre building dates from the                                                                  The Beniel Palace is the most
                     fifteenth century. Formerly, it was a convent and                                                     important civil edifice in Vélez-Málaga. Its beauty
Del Carmen Theatre

                     church, whose coffered ceiling was kept after the                                                     and magnificence have had an impact on the
                     renovation of 1995. There is a multi-purpose hall                                                     local architecture over the years. It was built in
                     that presents exhibitions and organises different                                                     early seventeenth century by Don Alonso de

                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Beniel Palace
                     kinds of cultural events (theatre plays, dance,                                                       Molina y Medrano, an influential figure during the
                     ballet, classical music shows). Its total audience                                                    reign of Philip II. In the nineteenth century and
                     capacity is 330.                                                                                      nearly all throughout the twentieth century, the
                                                                                                                           building housed the courts and the town hall. At
                     The exhibition hall adjoins the theatre.                                                              present, it is home to the María Zambrano
                                                                                                                           Foundation's headquarters.




   290               Málaga, Sun and Culture                                                                                       Vélez-Málaga                       Index              Málaga, Sun and Culture         291
                                       e    XHIBITION HALL - EXILE STUDY CENTRE                                         Vélez-Málaga
                                                                                                                              M                   e   XHIBITION HALL - UNICAJA                                                      M

                                                                                                USEFUL INFORMATION                                                                                        USEFUL INFORMATION

                                                                                                Address: Palacio de Beniel - Plaza Palacio, 1                                                             Address: C/ Las Tiendas, 49
                                                                                                29700 Vélez-Málaga                                                                                        29700 Vélez-Málaga
                                                                                                Tel.: (+34) 952 507 401                                                                                   Tel.: (+34) 952 138 615
                                                                                                E-mail:                                                                     Fax: (+34) 952 138 667
Exhibition Hall - Exile Study Centre

                                                    The space is used as an exhibition                                                                         The exhibition hall, in the historic

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Exhibition Hall - Unicaja
                                       hall and auditorium today, but in the future it will                                                       district of Vélez-Málaga, opens from Monday to
                                       host the Exile Study Centre. Adjoining the María                                                           Friday from 6:00 to 9:00 p.m. (closed on public
                                       Zambrano Foundation premises, it will be the first                                                         holidays). This is one among the many exhibition
                                       of its kind in Spain. It will carry out research,                                                          halls framed within Unicaja's social work
                                       surveys, and other related activities. It will feature                                                     programme, and a fundamental tool to bring
                                       two libraries, one of them containing publications                                                         culture close to the residents of and visitors to the
                                       about exile, and an archive that will have                                                                 province.
                                       documents, collections of letters or other
                                       elements that can be used by researchers on this




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                                                                                                    Vélez-Málaga is the largest and most
                                                     Vélez-Málaga                             populated district of the Axarquía region. The
                                                                                                                                                         trading activity of the enclave at Toscanos. A
                                                                                                                                                         population of about 1,500 has been estimated,
                                                                                              River Vélez -formed by the Benamargosa and                 quite large for that period. Some historians
                                         USEFUL INFORMATION                                   Guaro watersheds- makes up most of its land                believe that this settlement could have been the
                                                                                              area. These watercourses irrigate an extensive,            ancient city of Mainake, founded by the Greeks.
                                         Surface area: 156 km2.                               fertile lowland though, on the whole, the region
                                         Population: Over 60,000.                             displays the typical more arid landscape                   Remains of smelting furnaces and metal shavings
                                         Name given to the local people: Veleños.             features of the Axarquía region, with much of its          have been found in the nearby Peñón hill,
                                         Location: Vélez-Málaga is the capital of the         terrain situated at moderate elevations (the               confirming the existence of industrial activity in the
                                         Axarquía region. The town is 60 m above sea          highest point is Veas, on the eastern slope, 703           area. A little further to the north, at the Alarcón hill, a
                                         level and about 28 km from Málaga City. The          m above sea level). Due to its large size (it              rectangular building has been discovered that might
                                         average rainfall is 470 l/m2, and the average        covers one-seventh of the region of Axarquía)              very well have been a fortress, while at Cerro del
                                         annual temperature is approximately 18º C.           and to the fact that it contains the most fertile          Mar, more than 30 graves dating from the seventh
                                         What to see: Real Convento de Santiago or San        lands in the region, the district of Vélez-Málaga          century B.C. have also been excavated. In addition,
                                         Francisco (Royal Convent of St James or St           includes several populated areas, including                the Jardin Necropolis, with more than 100 tombs
                                         Francis), Palacio de Beniel (Beniel Palace), Casa    Torre del Mar (the most highly developed and               dating from the sixth to the fourth centuries B.C. is
                                         de Cervantes (House of Cervantes), Nuestra           popular with tourists), Benajarafe, Triana,                located just to the north of Toscanos.
                                         Señora de los Remedios (Our Lady of Good             Trapiche, Almayate (Bajo and Alto), Cajiz and
                                         Remedy) Chapel, Cruz del Arrabal (El Arrabal         Chilches, among others. There are also                     At Cerro del Mar -the ancient maritime city of
                                         Cross), San Sebastián Chapel, Church of San          numerous holiday apartment buildings on the                Maenoba, located opposite Toscanos- research
                                         Juan Bautista (St John the Baptist), the old         coast and scattered farmhouses in the interior.            has confirmed the existence of an industrial fish
                                         granary, Fountain of Ferdinand VI, Virgen de la      In fact, the city of Vélez-Málaga only makes up            salting factory which was used predominately for
                                         Piedad (Our Lady of Mercy) Chapel, Nuestra           half of the district's total population.                   the production of garum, a kind of sauce
                                         Señora de Gracia Monastery; Monastery of                                                                        originally introduced by the Phoenicians that
                                         Jesus, Mary and Joseph, medieval walls, Puerta       This chief district of the Axarquía region -a name         enjoyed great popularity among the Romans.
                                         Real de la Villa (Royal Gate), Santa María de la     derived from the Arabian word as-Sarqiyya
                                         Encarnación (Our Lady of the Incarnation)            meaning Orient or the eastern side)- has a long            Yet, the city of Vélez-Málaga proper wasn't
                                         Church, Fortress (Alcazaba), San Juan de Dios        and eventful history that begins with the first            founded until the tenth century A.D., when the
                                         or San Marcos Hospital, Cruz del Cordero (Cross      Phoenician settlements on the Toscanos hill -on            Muslims settled around the fortress. Later, the
                                         of the Lamb).                                        the right bank of the River Vélez- around the              town spread quickly over La Villa district, the
                                         Tourist Information:                                 eighth century B.C. In ancient times, the mouth            heart of the old Arab medina. Between the
                                         Town Hall,                                           of the River Vélez formed an inlet between the             eighth and fifteenth centuries, this medina was
                                         Plaza de las Carmelitas, s/n (29700).                Peñón and the Mar hills, which served as an                one of the most important in the Nasrid
                                         Tel.: (+34) 952 559 100.                             anchoring spot for ships. From there,                      Kingdom. It was not a very big city but it was
                                         Fax: (+34) 952 504 616.                              transportation via the Boquete de Zafarraya into           very well fortified and defended by a solid set of
                                         Tourist Office:                                      the interior of the Axarquía region was relatively easy.   walls. As the number of inhabitants increased,

                                         Avenida de Andalusia (Torre del Mar).                                                                           the walls were no longer able to accommodate
                                         Tel.: (+34) 952 451 104.                             At the foot of the Toscanos hill, right next to the        the entire population and some neighbourhoods

                                                                                              former inlet (nowadays covered by mud), a                  were set up on the outskirts, on what today are

                                                                                              storehouse was found containing Phoenician,                the district of Arroyo de San Sebastián and the
                                                                                              Greek and Etruscan pottery, an evidence of the             San Francisco and Constitución Plazas.

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                                         There is evidence that several rural settlements -        construction of civil and religious buildings. Their   The eighteenth century was especially positive
                                         whose inhabitants engaged in farming activities-          plan was hindered by the uneven terrain, so the        for the city, which grew in almost every aspect:
                                         existed in the area as early as the thirteenth            effects of the urban renovation were only seen in      churches and public buildings were constructed
                                         century, including those at Almayate,                     a few public spaces (Plaza de la Constitución          or repaired, city infrastructure was improved and
                                         Benamocarra, Benajarafe, Iznate and Cajiz, to             and the San Francisco district), some mansions         access ways were embellished. The ideas of the
                                         name just a few. These would eventually go on to          belonging to noblemen, and some churches and           Enlightenment even began to arrive, mainly
                                         become the towns bearing the same name. The               convents. This is why the sixteenth century            brought by the Sociedad Económica de Amigos
                                         importance of Vélez-Málaga between the twelfth            would be remembered for the construction of            del País (Economic Society of Friends of the
                                         and sixteenth centuries is reflected in the accounts      new religious buildings.                               Country), established in 1783.
                                         by El Idrisi, Abulfida, Ibn Batuta and Abd al-Basit,
                                         an Egyptian historian who, in the middle of the           A similar urban planning policy was followed in        The following century began with a bad omen
                                         fifteenth century, made reference to the trading          the seventeenth century, and more churches             though: a bubonic plague outbreak in 1804
                                         activity at the port of Mariyya Ballis (Torre del Mar).   and convents were erected. So much so, that            decimated the population (it claimed the lives of
                                                                                                   some have called Vélez-Málaga "the City of             more than fifty percent of the town's inhabitants).
                                         Vélez-Málaga's fate changed when Ferdinand the            Convents." This phenomenon wasn't exclusive            The town council also suffered the consequences
                                         Catholic left Córdoba in April 1487, heading towards      to Vélez-Málaga though; it was also witnessed          of the epidemic and a military man had to take
                                         the Axarquía to recapture its capital city. Many          by many Andalusian towns, and the largest              the local government into his hands. Following
                                         townspeople and nobles joined his entourage along         public plazas came to serve as celebration             the invasion of Napoleon's forces, a government
                                         the way and, by the time he was approaching Vélez-        areas for important religious manifestations like      sympathetic to the French principles came to
                                         Málaga, he had an army of about 50,000 men on foot        Holy Week or Corpus Christi.                           power, which divided the population into the two
                                         and 12,000 on horseback, according to the accounts                                                               sides that would fight over the government of the
                                         of Hernando del Pulgar, who chronicled the                Meanwhile, the port of Torre del Mar enjoyed           town throughout the nineteenth century. Several
                                         Conquest of Granada. Meanwhile, the fortress at           such a trading boom that its expansion was             epidemics of cholera followed, the phylloxera
                                         Bentomiz, practically the only place from which           proposed in the eighteenth century to improve          infection destroyed the vineyards, and an
                                         Vélez-Málaga could expect any help, surrendered to        grape and citrus exports to the north of Europe.       earthquake in 1884 capped off a disastrous
                                         the Christian troops. In spite of El Zagal's attempts,    During the War of the Spanish Succession,              century. The only positive factor was the
                                         setting out from Granada to aid the town, Vélez-          Vélez-Málaga supported the Bourbon dynasty             expansion of sugar cane cultivation fields
                                         Málaga had no other option but to give up.                and the naval battle, called by some the Battle of     fostered by the Larios family.
                                                                                                   Málaga, and by others, the Battle of Vélez-
                                         Eventually, on 26 April, 1487, the city's last            Málaga, took place just off the coast of the city.     HOW TO GET THERE
                                         Muslim Mayor, Abul Cacim Venegas, sent an                 This historic event took place on 23 August,           The Autovía del Mediterráneo (A-7, N-340) must
                                         envoy to agree to the conditions of surrender, and        1704, when the French-Spanish fleet, which lost        be taken in the direction of Málaga when
                                         on the following day, Vélez-Málaga capitulated.           1,500 men in the battle, confronted the Anglo-         travelling from Nerja or Torrox, or in the direction
                                         The Muslims were even forced to prepare the city          Dutch fleet, which lost 3,000. A total of 146          of Motril-Almería from anywhere else on the
                                         for the arrival of Ferdinand and Isabella, which          ships, 3,577 cannons and more than 46,000              Costa del Sol. The old N-340 highway passes
                                         took place on 3 May.                                      men took part in the fighting. Historians tend to      through the centre of Torre del Mar and from

                                                                                                   believe the outcome of the battle didn't really        there, on to Vélez-Málaga, a 4km stretch that is
                                         The town's new governors wanted to make Vélez-            favour either side, although some studies              very well signposted. The signs for the Vélez-

                                         Málaga distinct from what it had looked like under        suggest it was favourable to the French-Spanish        Málaga highway exit off the Autovía del

                                         Muslim rule. With this aim in mind, they began an         coalition to some extent.                              Mediterráneo are also very clear.
                                         architectural renovation that included a new
                                         arrangement of public spaces and the

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                                         WHAT TO SEE                                             work was completed. His nephews inherited the          Returning to the House of Cervantes once
                                         It is advisable to begin with a tour of the city's      building and, after being used for a variety of        again, you can then go down Cilla St., which
                                         monuments. The old quarter was declared a               different purposes, the Town Hall, for instance, for   leads to the Cruz del Arrabal (El Arrabal Cross),
                                         Historic-Artistic Site in 1970. The area around the     years now it has been home to the María Zambrano       a votive chapel dedicated to the Holy Cross and
                                         San Francisco Plaza, which features a maze of           Foundation. The building's architecture is a           commemorating Ferdinand the Catholic's
                                         streets and alleyways inherited from the Arabs,         hotchpotch of Mudéjar and Mannerist styles with        entrance into the city on 3 May, 1487. It is a
                                         makes a good starting point. This district is also      some Renaissance elements. Its interior is laid out    small shrine, about 8 m tall, whose front opens
                                         where the first examples of Vélez civil architecture    around an elegant patio with arches resting atop       in a round arch. The interior, crowned by a
                                         stand, although the building around which this          Tuscan columns, while the exterior features a          cupola, contains only a cross.
                                         quarter was shaped is the Real Convento de              marble façade with the Molina Medrano family
                                         Santiago (Royal Convent of St James).                   coats of arms, cast iron balconies, and an upper       From Cruz del Arrabal, Arroyo San Sebastián St.
                                                                                                 gallery that originally featured two towers.           leads to the Chapel of San Sebastián,
                                         In 1498, the Real Convento de Santiago,                                                                        established in 1487 by Ferdinand and Isabella
                                         sometimes called "Convento de San Francisco,"           From San Francisco Plaza, walking along San            as a tribute to the royal stableman, Sebastián
                                         was established in a mosque that Ferdinand and          Francisco St., you will arrive at the House of         Fernández. The story goes that the man saved
                                         Isabella consecrated as a Parish Church. During         Cervantes, a traditional mansion with a lintel         Ferdinand's life in a battle against the Muslims
                                         the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, it             above its entranceway and an inner courtyard           while the King attempted to capture the city.
                                         underwent such thorough refurbishing that               featuring a gallery of triple pointed semicircular     Whether the story is true or not, the Vélez-
                                         nowadays the coffered ceilings in the cupola of         arches on top of brick columns. Tradition holds        Málaga emblem portrays the scene, with the
                                         the main chapel are the only remains of the             that Miguel de Cervantes stayed in this house in       main character in the story appearing on the
                                         original Mudéjar church.                                1591 when he came to Vélez-Málaga as a tax             ground while the King is defending him from
                                                                                                 collector. Fray Alonso de Santo Tomás, who is          atop his horse. All that remains of the chapel's
                                         Actually, the building we can see today has             believed to be an illegitimate child of Philip IV      original structure is a pointed arch set on top of
                                         resulted from renovations made in the                   and who later was Bishop of Málaga, was born           massive pillars in what was once the main
                                         eighteenth century. The highlight of the interior       in this house in the seventeenth century.              chapel. From the Cruz del Arrabal or from the
                                         is the Buen Pastor Chapel, currently occupied                                                                  House of Cervantes, you can head to the Plaza
                                         by the Cofradía de la Caridad (Fraternity of            On the south-western side of the Beniel Palace         de la Constitución, known as the Plaza de San
                                         Charity). The chapel is actually like a small           the Plaza de la Gloria opens up, from which the        Juan, where the Church of San Juan Bautista
                                         church within the main one, since it has a nave,        San Cristóbal hill can be accessed. The Chapel of      (St John the Baptist) lies. The Church of San
                                         a choir, a presbytery and a cupola. It is               the Virgen de los Remedios (Our Lady of Good           Juan Bautista was founded by the Catholic
                                         extravagantly adorned with Baroque elements             Remedy), the local patroness, nestles on the hill,     Monarchs and subsequently enlarged in 1499
                                         including garlands and fruits, mirrors, paintings       which affords beautiful views of the countryside.      and in 1564. It features a basilica plan,
                                         and golden plasterwork. Only one of the                 The chapel was built in the middle of the              consisting of three naves with transepts;
                                         original two cloisters remains, noteworthy for          seventeenth century and was renovated later. Its       however, only its imposing bell tower and part of
                                         its arcades and Mudéjar pillars.                        floor-plan is laid out in the shape of a Latin cross   the exterior still remain from the first Gothic-
                                                                                                 and its has barrel vaulted naves. The chapel of        Mudéjar construction. The church underwent a

                                         The Beniel Palace is located quite close to the         the Virgin -whose floor is square and whose walls      thorough renovation in 1853, which resulted in
                                         Franciscan convent. It is without a doubt the town's    and ceiling are richly ornamented with Rococo          much of the intricate coffered ceiling being

                                         most outstanding civil building. Its construction was   work- houses murals depicting, among others,           covered with false vaults and the Gothic arches

                                         ordered in the early seventeenth century by Don         Philip V and Marie-Louise of Savoy.                    transformed into round ones. The church's
                                         Alonso de Molina y Medrano, who died before the                                                                dimensions are truly monumental and, although

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                                         some of its chapels are Baroque, its overall
                                         structure is quite classical. The paintings by the
                                         Vélez-born painter Francisco Hernández are
                                         valuable works of art.

                                         Located near the Church of San Juan is the
                                         building known as the pósito, an old structure
                                         where they used to store grain, mainly wheat. The
                                         pósito was erected in the middle of the eighteenth
                                         century, and consists of two stories: the upper
                                         one was used as a granary and the lower one, as
                                         a marketplace. Attached columns divide the
                                         façade into several sections. After a period in
                                         which it wasn't used, the building was converted
                                         into several houses by walling over the arches. At
                                         present, it is unoccupied and awaiting renovation.

                                         The tour continues along De las Tiendas St.,
                                         where the perimeter of the old city walls can be
                                         observed. All that remains of them now are a few
                                         fortified towers. Further ahead is the Fuente de
                                         Fernando VI (Ferdinand VI Fountain), which was
                                         formerly located in the Plaza de San Juan. It's a
                                         marble fountain with four spouts of water spilling
                                         from the faces of mythological animals. The
                                         fountain bears an legend that reads: "Reinando la
                                         católica magestad del señor don Fernando el
                                         Sexto…1758." ("Reigning is his Catholic Majesty
                                         the lord Don Ferdinand the Sixth… 1758."). But         in the middle of the eighteenth century, the       was founded in 1503 in a building that obviously
                                         there is one curious detail that throws doubts on      chapel is framed by a huge round arch, flanked     was not big enough, since the religious
                                         the fountain's date -one of the coats of arms          by Corinthian pilasters that support a curved      community later moved to its present building in
                                         belongs to Philip II. This, along with its classical   pediment. The façade is surrounded by a gallery,   1555. The new premises were renovated after
                                         structure and certain decorative elements, points      which appears to have been used in religious       the Lisbon earthquake in 1755, and the
                                         to the fact that it was designed in the sixteenth      processions. The building is crowned by a small    Andalusia earthquake in 1884, which seriously
                                         century rather than in the eighteenth century,         cupola, and the images of Nuestro Padre Jesús      damaged the building.
                                         during which the above mentioned inscription           El Rico (Father Jesus the Rich) and Nuestra

                                         might have been added.                                 Señora de la Piedad (Our Lady of Mercy) have       The cloister and the church are the most
                                                                                                been added recently. From De las Tiendas St.,      interesting from an artistic perspective. The

                                         Continuing down De las Tiendas St., you end up         you can take De las Monjas St., which leads to     former, dating from the sixteenth century, was

                                         at the small plaza where you'll find the Chapel of     the Convent of Nuestra Señora de Gracia (Our       built on a square floor, surrounded by a two-level
                                         the Virgen de la Piedad (Our Lady of Mercy). Built     Lady of Grace), better known as Las Clarisas. It   gallery with round arches resting atop a series of

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                                         columns. It is, however, off-limits to visitors, as its   length. They had four gates, of which only one      it played an even more important role. After
                                         residents belong to a cloistered religious order.         has survived: the Puerta Real de la Villa (Royal    being conquered by the Catholic Monarchs,
                                         The church, erected during the second half of the         Gate of the Town). It was given this name after     the fortress was used successively as the
                                         eighteenth century, is Baroque and, despite a             Ferdinand and Isabella entered Vélez-Málaga         Royal House, military headquarters, prison
                                         simple architectural layout, its walls are adorned        through it in 1487. It consists of a rectangular    and the Town Hall.
                                         with a profusion of different decorative elements.        brick tower accessed through round arches.
                                                                                                   After zigzagging north through this quarter -       In the eighteenth century, the building was
                                         Moving on to Plaza de las Carmelitas, you'll see          which was the former town centre- you'll find the   unoccupied, remaining so until the time of the
                                         the Convent of Jesús, María y José, also called           Church of Santa María de la Encarnación (Our        French invasion, when the Napoleonic troops
                                         the Convent of the Carmelites since the nuns              Lady of the Incarnation).                           used and left it in very bad condition. At the
                                         living there belong to the Order of Our Lady of Mt.                                                           beginning of the twentieth century, the
                                         Carmel. The convent building comprises two                Also known as Santa María la Mayor (St Mary         Fortress, by then virtually neglected, served
                                         parts: the church and the convent proper. In its          the Great), the Church of Santa María de la         as a kind of quarry to supply materials for
                                         interior are two different courtyards: the Patio de       Encarnación was built on top of an old mosque       other buildings until the 1960s, when the
                                         las Flores (patio of the flowers) and the Patio           between the end of the fifteenth century and        Town Council initiated a timid attempt at
                                         Principal (main patio). The church was built              the beginning of the sixteenth century. The         renovation, reconstructing the Torre del
                                         between 1738 and 1745 and its façade is                   church boasts three naves separated by              Homenaje (Keep) and some stretches of wall.
                                         Mannerist, despite the fact that this style had           rectangular pillars that support round arches.      Still awaiting a deep renovation project, the
                                         fallen out of use in the early seventeenth century.       The naves are covered with Mudéjar-style            Fortress currently offers a pseudo-romantic
                                                                                                   coffering. The Renaissance altarpiece of the        vision of its glorious past, in ruins, and of
                                         The interior is very simple, consisting of a single       main altar is the most outstanding feature of       course, the best views in the city.
                                         nave with a niche at its front, where the image of        the church's interior and the Cristo de los
                                         the Virgen del Carmen sits. It is also here in the        Vigías (Holy Christ of Lookouts) is found here.     Granada St. leads down to the San Juan de Dios
                                         niche where the decorative elements become                The square tower is detached from the church        Hospital, also known as San Marcos. It was
                                         more intricate and extravagant, in typical Baroque        the same way as minarets were built separate        founded by Ferdinand and Isabella and ceded to
                                         style. Other highlights are the frescoes from the         from mosques. A gallery of columns and              the Order of St John of God in the seventeenth
                                         eighteenth-century School of Granada. The                 horseshoe arches -affording magnificent             century. The church has two naves; one of them
                                         convent also houses a very odd relic: a small             panoramic views of the city- can be accessed        features a vault and a small eighteenth-century
                                         wooden skull carved by Saint John of The Cross.           from the nave of the Epistle.                       chapel. Despite having been restored on
                                                                                                                                                       numerous occasions, the beautiful brick Mudéjar
                                         Returning again to the Plaza de la Constitución,          Near this church, at the town's highest point       courtyard still survives with its low gallery of
                                         you can continue past the Puerta Real de la Villa         (137 m) stands the Fortress or Alcazaba, now        round arches. The building presently serves as a
                                         and arrive at the neighbourhood that bears the            surrounded by the Villa and Arroyo San              residence for the elderly.
                                         same name. From here, you can walk by the                 Sebastián neighbourhoods. Archaeological
                                         medieval walls. Only a few sections of the walls          evidence confirms that construction of the          Leaving the old hospital, the tour can be
                                         still remain, not all of which feature their original     fortress began in the tenth century. However,       continued along Tenerías and Cruz del Cordero

                                         building materials because different restorations         it was only in the thirteenth century that it       Streets -the old road to Granada that leads
                                         have been done to prevent their being lost                started to take on considerable significance        towards the Cruz del Cordero (Cross of the

                                         completely. The walls, which originally                   (it is mentioned in the treaty signed by the        Lamb) Chapel, a commemorative shrine like that

                                         surrounded the whole Moorish medina, were                 Nasrid King Al Hamar and Ferdinand III), and,       Cruz del Arrabal. It is a very simple brick
                                         equipped with towers, evenly spaced along their           during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries,      building, which houses a plain wooden cross.

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                                         Vélez-Málaga's Royal Fair of San Miguel (St
                                         Michael), which takes place around 29
                                         September, has its origins -like many others of its
                                         kind- in a livestock fair started to be held back in
                                         1842. By 1915, the festivity had become an
                                         evening outdoor festival and, today, it is one of
                                         the Axarquía region's most important
                                         celebrations. By day, the fair takes place in the
                                         streets of the historic centre and features
                                         performances by flamenco and choir groups,
                                         sports competitions, food tasting and practically
                                         every other fun activity one might expect from a
                                         fiesta like this. The Axarquía Food and Drink Fair
                                         (Agroalimar) is held at the same time. It was
                                         inaugurated in 2004 with the backing of the
                                         Agriculture and Fisheries Ministry of the
                                         Government of Andalusia.

                                         The Día de la Cruz (Cross Day, on 3 May)
                                         attaches a special significance to the
                                         neighbourhood of Pilar. Residents decorate the
                                         streets with altars and crosses, and organise a
                                         popular evening festival near the Cruz del
                                         Cordero, which is always very lively.

                                         Around 15 May, the pilgrimage of the Virgen de
                                         los Remedios (Our Lady of Good Remedy) takes
                                         place. It begins with a Mass offered in the Cerro
                                         Chapel and then proceeds to an olive grove on
                                         the Camino de Torrox, where pilgrims and
                                         carriages gather. The pilgrimage is becoming
                                         increasingly crowded every year as pilgrims'
                                         communities from other villages have begun
                                         participating in the celebration. On the day of the
                                         pilgrimage, food and drinks are handed out and

                                         there are dressage shows.

                                         On 16 July, the city organises the Veladilla del

                                         Carmen, which has become Vélez-Málaga's
                                         premiere summer fair. It features an international

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                                         chess tournament as well as flamenco and                   Highlights include the Virgen del Carmen                dedicated exclusively to seafood. In any of
                                         contemporary music shows. The third Sunday of              procession, which takes place both through the          coastal towns, it's very common to find recipes
                                         October sees the image of the town's patroness,            town's streets and in the waters along its beach.       based on ingredients from the upcountry and,
                                         the Crowned Virgin of Good Remedy, carried in a            The festivities are rounded out with modern and         similarly, inland towns normally serve excellent
                                         procession from the Cerro Chapel to the Church             traditional music performances in the stands            fish. The most traditional local recipes here
                                         of San Juan, where it remains until the second             lining the fairground, a variety of competitions        include berzas (green beans, potatoes, chick-
                                         Sunday of November. Then, a procession takes               and the celebration of the Day Fair on the              peas, eggplant, pumpkin and meat), ajoblanco
                                         the image again to its shrine.                             beachfront promenade.                                   (garlic and almond soup), ajobacalao (garlic and
                                                                                                                                                            codfish) and ajoporro (leek), as well as soups
                                         Carnival has always been one of the city's most            Not only the residents of Vélez-Málaga, but also        such as maimones (made with egg and Spanish
                                         popular celebrations, as attested to in the agreement      many from all over the Axarquía region and              ham), gazpacho (chilled vegetable soup) and
                                         issued by the local assembly on 4 February, 1877.          elsewhere come to participate in the Holy Week          chambao (chopped tomato, peppers, onion and
                                         The document refers to the celebration as "the             celebrations in Vélez, considered as one of the         cucumber with a dash of olive oil). The
                                         popular custom of the masks," and warns that "the          best in Andalusia. The city's time-honoured             mostachones (sweet buns) and oil cakes are the
                                         authorities will keep watch to ensure no abuses are        religious tradition, marked by the construction of      speciality pastries. The district of Vélez-Málaga
                                         committed." Nowadays, competitions of street               numerous convents and churches since the end            is also one of the great tropical fruit producers in
                                         musicians and costume groups take place at the             of the fifteenth century, naturally led to the          Spain, and mangos, custard apples, papayas,
                                         Teatro del Carmen (Del Carmen Theatre).                    creation of some outdoor rituals best exemplified       and avocados are all very good.
                                                                                                    by the Holy Week.
                                         The district of Vélez-Málaga has many villages, and                                                                IMPORTANT FIGURES
                                         each one offers a different festival. In Cajiz and         Fraternities (called cofradías in Spanish)              Among the many important people born in Vélez
                                         Triana, the Day of St Joseph of Nazareth is                established long ago and others created later go        Málaga, the most well-known internationally is Maria
                                         celebrated on 19 March. There's a Mass and a               on parade over a few days that the city devotes         Zambrano (1904-1991), considered as Spain's
                                         procession of the Saint, and finally different shows       almost exclusively for its processions. The             greatest philosopher and thinker of the last decades. A
                                         are offered.                                               popular fervour unleashed with the passing of           follower of Ortega y Gasset, Maria Zambrano became
                                                                                                    some cofradías is so contagious that even the           a relevant scholar early in her career, but was forced to
                                         The big day in Torre del Mar is St John's Eve (23 June).   most sceptical of onlookers often end up                abandon her University position because she had to
                                         Júas (Judas' figures) competitions, popular nighttime      participating with authentic enthusiasm. It             live in exile during the Civil War.
                                         parties and performances are held here around this         wouldn't be fair to highlight any individual
                                         date, which sees residents carrying out the ritual of      cofradía because all of them, with their                In Spain, she used to meet some of the most
                                         washing their faces with sea water or going under nine     ornamental magnificence and their many                  important poets of the time, including Jorge Guillén,
                                         waves, following in the tradition. On the second           devotees, contribute to making Holy Week in             Emilio Prados, and Miguel Hernández. Once in
                                         Sunday of June, this populous urban centre of Vélez-       Vélez-Málaga an unforgettable experience.               exile she used to visit Albert Camus, in Paris, and
                                         Málaga celebrates the pilgrimage of the Virgen del                                                                 Octavio Paz and León Felipe, in Mexico. Among
                                         Carmen. Pilgrims follow the route of Las Viñas where,      FOOD                                                    her most important works are Pensamiento y
                                         after the Mass, there is a series of traditional           Since the district boasts coastal and inland            filosofía en la vida española (Thought and

                                         performances topped off with an evening festival.          areas, it naturally offers a wide range of dishes.      Philosophy in Spanish Life), Filosofía y poesía
                                                                                                    In the coastal villages, the most traditional           (Philosophy and Poetry), El hombre y lo divino

                                         On the Days of Santiago and Santa Ana (St                  speciality is, of course, pescaíto frito (small fried   (Man and the Divine), Los sueños y el tiempo

                                         James and St Anne, 25 and 26 July), Torre del              fish) in all its varieties. This doesn't mean that      (Dreams and Time) and Persona y democracia
                                         Mar celebrates its five-day summer fair.                   the cooking traditions along the coast are              (Person and Democracy).

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                                         She returned to Spain in 1984, and was awarded the
                                         Príncipe de Asturias Prize and the Cervantes Prize,
                                         among others. Her legacy is kept in the María Zambrano
                                         Foundation, whose headquarters are located in the
                                         Palacio del Marqués de Beniel, in her hometown.

                                         There are several legends about the city's
                                         foundation. One of them tells that the original
                                         village was located at the mouth of the River
                                         Vélez as was, in fact, the case. It then explains
                                         why the city was moved inland: on 31 July, 365, a
                                         huge earthquake followed by gigantic tidal waves
                                         destroyed the city. Before setting about with the
                                         enormous task of rebuilding the town, its
                                         residents decided to move the village to a safer
                                         location, namely the hillock on which the Fortress
                                         was later constructed.

                                         Another legend has it that St Peter the apostle
                                         was the founder of the town's old chapel, Santa
                                         Maria -which served as the Episcopal
                                         headquarters between the first and third centuries
                                         (during the heyday of Roman rule). The story
                                         goes that St Epeteno, a disciple of St Peter's, was
                                         tormented on Los Remedios hill, where the
                                         patroness's chapel currently stands.

                                         The patroness herself also have her own story: a
                                         shepherd found the image of the Virgin on the hill,
                                         but he thought the image was only a doll so he
                                         decided to take it home for his daughter. On his way
                                         home, he lost the doll, but found it again several
                                         days later in the same place where he had first
                                         seen it. Several times the man tried to take the doll

                                         home and the same thing always happened: the
                                         doll reappeared once and again in the same place.

                                         The shepherd finally decided that something
                                         supernatural was going on and construction of the
                                         chapel soon began in the place that the image so
                                         determinedly refused to leave.

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