Wikispace _Anthem for Doomed Youth_

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					 What passing- bells for these who die as cattle?
     Only the monstrous anger of the guns.
     Only the stuttering rifles’ rapid rattle
       Can patter out their hasty orisons.
No mockeries now for them; no prayers nor bells,
   Nor any voice of mourning save the choirs
  The shrill, demented choirs of willing shells;
  And bugles calling for them from das shires.


  What candles may be held to speed them all?
   Not in the hands of boys, but in their eyes
   Shall shine the holy glimmers of good-byes.
  The pallor of girls’ brows shall be their pall;
 Their flowers the tenderness of patient minds,
                And each slow dusk a drawing-down of blinds.



THEME

   The theme for this poem is the horror of war. Wilfred Owen thinks that
   war is terrible and hopeless because all of the good hopes are gone and a
   lot people died. The war causes damage and leaves a very deep impact
   (bad) to the family members who lost their loved ones in the battlefield.



LITERARY ELEMENTS

   1. Figurative Language
            Personification
                      Only the monstrous anger of the guns
                      The shrill, demented choirs of wailing shells


            Metaphor
                      Shall shine the holy glimmers of good-byes
                      The pallor of girls’ brows shall be their pall
                      Their flowers the tenderness of patients minds


   2. Poetic Device
            Alliteration
                      Only the stuttering rifles’ rapid rattle (repetition of ‘r’)
                      Shall shine the holy glimmers of good-byes (repetition of
                      ‘g’)
Assonance
          No mockeries for them from prayers or bells (repetition
          of ‘o’)
          The shrill, demented choirs of wailing shells (repetition of
          ‘i’)


Meter
          Iambic pentameter (consists of 5 syllables of stress &
          unstressed feet) E.g.;-
                    “Can/ pat’/ter/ out’/ their/ has’/ty/ o’/ri/sons’/.”
                    “No/ mock’/er/ries’/ for/ them’/ from/ prayers’/ or
                    bells’/.”
                    “Nor/ an’y/ voice’/ of/ mourn’/ing/ save’/ the/
                    choirs’/.”

                    * p/s - (‘) – stress symbols

Imagery
          Sound imagery – “Only the stuttering rifles’ rapid
          rattle”
          Sound imagery – “The shrill demented choirs of wailing
          shells”


Rhyme Scheme
          abab cdcd effe gg
CHARACTERS / PERSONA

   He was born in Shropshire, England in 1893.
   He was a soldier in World War I.
   Wilfred Owen thinks that war is terrible.
   He also thinks war destroys good hopes and causes death to many soldiers.
   Apart from that, he believes that war does not only affect physically but
   also emotionally.
   He was 25 years old when he was killed (one week before the end of
   WWI).



POINT OF VIEW

   The author wrote the poem from the perspective of a soldier on a
   battlefield. He relates many images such as death, funeral and mourning
   in the poem. In the first eight lines (octet), Owen starts with a question and
   answers to the question. The answer appears on how the sounds and
   frantic pace of war. In the last six lines (sestet), Owen then asks and
   answers another question. This time the answer focuses entirely on the
   sights of the mourning period of family members and the agony towards
   the end of a soldier’s life.
                          Wilfred Owen
                          (1893 – 1918)
Wilfred Owen was born in Shropshire, England in 1893. As he could not
afford to continue his study at the University of Reading, he left school and
went to France to work as an English-language tutor. Apart from a tutor,
he also wrote poems. The numbers of many young lives who died in the
World War I horrified him. In spite of that, in 1915, he returned back home
and was enlisted in the Artist’s Rifles of the British Army, received a
commission and in the late December 1916 he was been shipped out again
to France. During his time there (in France), he wrote his impressions and
feelings towards war through poetry. Spring, 1917, after experiencing the
hell of war, he was diagnosed with a symptom of shell shock and also
contracted trench fever (a bacterial infection transmitted by lice). Then, he
was been returned back to Britain by his superiors to undergo treatment
at a war hospital in Craiglockhart, Scotland. While getting treatment in
the hospital, he continued writing poems and “Anthem for Doomed
Youth” was one of them. Siegrfied Sassoon (1886-1967), an experienced
poet who was also receiving treatment at the same hospital, helped him
by editing as well as polished his woks in poetry. Once he discharged from
the hospital, he wrote more poems and actively involved in poetry. All his
works were doing great at that time. Eventually, he returned back to the
army and war. Just one week before the war ended (November 11, 1918),
      he died in the battlefield. He was twenty five years old when he died but
      all his war poems lived on until today as meaningful poems.



ANALYSIS & SYNOPSIS / SUMMARY
      The poem is specifically about the death of soldiers in the battlefield and
      how their families face and feel of the lost. In this poem, only soldiers know
      the reality of war and no one else could understand everything that they
      went through in the battlefield. They are fighting in a war without
      knowing the real reasons behind it. If they die, there will be no proper
      funeral for them and their family and friends at home are suffered as well
      as deeply affected.


ETC
      Annotation
      1. Passing-bells
                  Church bells announcing death (Gunfire).

      2. Cattle
                   Slaughtered animals (Dead soldier).

      3. Orisons
                   Prayers.

      4. Wailing shells
                  Mourning shells (Bullets).

      5. Candles
                   Lit up in the church to show the sad glimmer the eyes of
                   soldiers (Last goodbyes).

      6. Pall
                   Cloth to cover coffin (Pale mourning faces of girls).

      7. Drawing-down of blinds
                 The picture of suffering of loved ones after the burial of a
                 soldier.
      8. Choirs
                 Church songs for the funeral.

      9. Speed
              Towards the afterlife.

10. Hasty
              Chaos situation during the war.

11. Mockeries
            The prayers which were insults (Praying but at the same time
            shot other people).

12. Patient
              The emotion of the broken hearted family.

13. Sad shires
              Counties in England where the soldiers come from.

				
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posted:5/19/2012
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