BIBLE-CHRONOLOGY (Overview & Critique) - Derek Walker
A. Sir Edward Denney-the discovery of JUBILEE-principle which
combined with UNRECKONED TIME formed the basis for the
REDEMPTION CHRONOLOGY as the controlling structure of time.
It also revealed the way 490 year cycles are compatible with the
fundamental structure of ONE DAY = 1000 years. Denney also gave
us the correct understanding of Daniel’s SEVENTY WEEKS.
Denney therefore laid the foundations for the subject.
B. Gratten Guinness developed the typological application of the
7 TIMES prophecy, establishing some key end-time dates for the ending
of the Times of the Gentiles. Although his dates were a pre-fulfilment
to the final dates of 1948 and 1967, they pointed out 1933 as a key year
which led to the further discoveries by A.E. WARE and his team.
C. A.W and his team were led to mark the key date of June 12th as the
cutting off of the Gentiles (Romans 11), thereby marking the end of a
major cycle of time that began with the cutting off of Israel in 33 AD,
1900 years before. Aware of 2000 years =4x490 year cycles (+40
Jubilees), it was deduced that God must have measured these Gentile
Times in the basic 354 day year. This led to a starting date of the 1960
years at October 11th 33AD, and thus the cutting off of Israel was the day
before (October 10th)-all dates Gregorian. Being about 6 months after the
Cross this agreed well with the Luke 13 measurement of Jesus ministry.
Assuming a fundamental Bible Year of 354 years they tried to use this
as for the basis for a complete Bible Chronology, only departing from it
for the time of Israel where the Bible made it clear that a luni-solar year
was used. Thus from Creation to the Exodus a 354 day year was used.
Now we can accept this because 33-1933 indicates God measures Gentile
years in 354 day years. Moreover before the Flood the lack of seasonal
variation meant a solar year was not needed. Likewise a solar year was
only really needed by God’s people from the Exodus. Now it is possible
that a luni-solar year was also in operation, but it is a reasonable
assumption that God measured this Gentile time in 354 day years.
Then when He separated Israel He gave them a distinct luni-solar
calendar based on the Jubilee Cycle (not the Metonic Cycle) - as cited by
Julius. Africanus. Based on these concepts they were able to construct a
remarkably accurate chronology of the Bible back to the date of Creation.
Even if they were not always right, AW and his team broke much new
ground and massively moved the BC forward by developing many of the
ways of thinking necessary to getting exact calendar dates for the Bible.
The corrections we make, although important, are of the nature of fine-
tuning a engine that they developed. However this engine needs these
adjustments or it will never work properly. It has personally taken me
many years (on and off) to reach the point of sufficiently understanding
the inner workings of this engine and how it was put together, to feel able
and competent to try and take it apart and put it back together as it should
be. The end result will show if this venture is successful or not.
Problems: However despite their claims that they had found a perfect
chronology there remained obvious problems and incompleteness.
1. Understanding the nature of time after 1933 became difficult and
involved mystical interpretations why the rapture did not happen then.
Attempts to make predictions were mostly unsuccessful.
2. Daniel’s 70 Weeks do not work out to the day, unlike apparently the
more popular, but inferior Anderson calculation (which has now been
shown to be in error by 4 days and by a month). We expect the correct
chronology to have the 70 Weeks ending at Christ’s death & resurrection.
3. They had to adjust the start of Daniel’s 70 Weeks by 14 years from
well-established history of the time (444BC-458BC). This was corrected
by Martin Thompson (MT) who modelled their chronology with a
computer program, having deduced they used the Jubilee based luni-solar
calendar rather than the later Metonic system. He found an error in one
of the intercalated months. He also realised from strong biblical reasons
that the starting point was Ezra’s decree in 458BC not Nehemiah’s
in 444BC (which AW dated to 458BC against historical evidence).
This was Nisan 1, 458BC, and combined with a more precise modelling
of the calendar led to a refined and simplified model of the chronology of
Christ, whose winning advantage was an agreement with the times in
Daniel 12 concerning the Tribulation re-run (1260+1260+75=2595 days).
However it lost a key revelation of AW concerning the week after His
baptism. Neither did it solve other problems with AW’s model such as
the age of Christ at His baptism was not 30, the fact that He would break
the law during his 40 day temptation, and maintaining AW’s assumption
that His calendar was 354 days meant other problems remained.
However these issues did not affect the large scale chronology much.
Also MT helpfully clarified the key distinction between calendars &
chronologies. Without MT’s computer model further progress on the
chronology in developing improvements and testing them would not have
4. Other things difficult to explain and justify were also incorporated by
AW, which bore the marks of trying to make something work that was not
quite right, which is not the mark of Divine Perfection. The most
obvious was the unreckoned time of 147 days of the Flood when the
Bible clearly states otherwise (150/151 days). This unsatisfactory
contradiction of scripture drove me (DW) to find a resolution.
What would be the effect of 3 or 4 more unreckoned days?
I also noticed a problem with AW’s 4 extra unreckoned days at the time
of the Exodus that required a mystical explanation. Perhaps one error
produced the other. Together with MT the solution was found.
There were 4 extra unreckoned days at the Exodus, and 4 less unreckoned
days before the Exodus, so that the overall chronology was unaffected.
The effect was basically to move Abraham’s birth from 11/7 to 15/7 - a
definite improvement as well as a simplification. It also solved the
problem of the use of the 360 day year during the Flood. This is a special
year only used during times of worldwide judgment such as the
Tribulation. However this adds 3 days to the normal year of the Flood,
unless the remaining months were 29 days each (but see later for how
even this works for good in solving another problem).
5. AW’s 6,000 Julian years of the Chronology of Man to June 12th 1933
(omitting the Time of Messiah, from John to the Ascension) can’t be quite
right, as AW had to start it on the 9th day (an obvious fiddle). However
in MT’s changes this Chronology starts after Creation Week (the 8th day)
which makes more sense. However MT has to end the Time of Messiah
at Pentecost instead of the Ascension but this can be justified.
DW (who does not like Julian years) proposes the 6,000 years of Man
should more consistently be measured from the Fall (AW described this
time as a Probation). This works if we use a luni-solar Calendar!
(by omitting John-Pentecost as MT does).
6. There was also the problem of a messy calendar change at the Exodus
(and the need to stop the DC at the Flood even though it is a Calendar,
not a chronology), which was exposed when MT did the computer model.
This was caused by AW only starting his Divine/Civil Calendar after the
Fall of man, even though his Messiah’s Calendar started 40 days before.
This strange decision was motivated (as far as I can tell) by the need to
get a lunar alignment at the Flood (17/2). However, this was a false
criteria as a true lunar year was not in use and so the Bible never requires
or implies the moon to be 17 days old. Moreover if 17/2 was aligned then
17/7 would be out of alignment. DW suggested the problem is resolved
by starting the Calendar after Creation week, so that the Divine/Civil
Calendar (DC/CC) at that time is identical to the Messiah’s Calendar.
In that case the Divine Calendar at the month of the Exodus is (1,7),
leading to an exact 6 month adjustment to (1,1) for the start of Israel’s
luni-solar calendar at the Exodus. As well as being neat, this also
provides a wonderful confirmation to the Bible Chronology as it explains
the well-known fact that a 6 month correction in the year-starts happened
at some point in the past (causing the Jews later on to think in terms of
two year starts-Nisan 1 and Tishri 1). The only effect of this change is
to move the dates of the Flood back 40 days.
7. This in turn led to a realisation of a better way of thinking about the
Calendars. AW’s Messiah Calendar (354 day) is simply the initial
Calendar used by God, and would better be called the Gentile Calendar as
it has no special messianic significance. This agrees with the use of this
year from 33-1933AD. At the Exodus it did not stop but continued. It is
just that as the anointing moved to Israel as His representatives, then the
Divine Calendar switched to Israel’s luni-solar calendar which started at
that time (hence the 6 month change). This luni-solar calendar was
operating from Creation (Gen 1:14), but the Divine-Calendar was not
according to it. This led to the thought that the Church (as a distinct
people of God from Israel and the Gentiles) also ought to have its own
calendar starting at AD33 which would be solar (AW had detected this,
but did not apply its significance). Thus there are 3 calendars with 3
different kinds of year working together corresponding to the 3 peoples
(Gentiles, Israel and the Church), and the DC moves between them
depending on who are His anointed representatives. This makes thinking
about calendars and transitional times much easier. This also solves the
problem of why the rapture did not happen in 1933 and the nature of the
present time: The DC and Redemption Chronology since AD 33 have
(naturally) been in phase with the solar church calendar, NOT the Gentile
(Messiah) Calendar (which completed its 2000 years in 1933).
Nevertheless AW’s 6000 years ending in 1933 was valid, only it was not
the Redemption Chronology (RC) but the Favour Chronology, which
measured the transfer of favour between Israel and the (Gentile) Nations
(as described in Romans 11), but does not involve the Church which is
distinct group called out from all nations without affecting national
distinctions. June 12th 1933 marked the end of 6000 years of the Favour
Chronology for Israel and the Gentile Nations and we are now on
unreckoned time on this Chronology until Israel is anointed again after
the Rapture to be God’s witnesses in the Tribulation (the 144,000),
and also for the Millennium (the 7 years Tribulation are a re-run of the
7 years of special Favour to Israel in AD26-33 which they rejected).
After the Rapture the remaining apostate church is rejected by Christ as
His witnesses for He will spew it out of His mouth as He warns in
Revelation 3. Israel must be God’s representatives after the Rapture and
they must be under Gentile dominion because it is rerun of AD 26-33.
Thus God’s anointed now is the Church alone, and the RC, which is still
in operation (and not on unreckoned time) is measured by the Church and
must have been since its Birth in AD33. Now the Rapture did not
happen in 1993 after 1960 solar years. This implies the 2 Days of RC
must be 2000 years (not 1960 years). This is confirmed by the fact that
the Millennium being 1000 years not 980 years (Revelation 20:1-6).
The reason for this is that since the Cross the Jubilee has been fulfilled.
In the Tribulation a special 360 day world-wide judgement Calendar will
also be in use according to Daniel and Revelation (as it was at the Flood)
In the Millennium the DC will probably operate according to Israel’s
luni-solar calendar as Isaiah suggests in his reference to new-moons.
8. I also developed a revision of the Times of the Gentiles (see ‘The 7
Times of the Gentiles’) which showed how they end in 1948 and 1967
when correctly understood. This also shows the correspondence between
the historical 7 Times and the Tribulation, leading to a reconstruction of
the Tribulation with 34 days at Middle-Tribulation:
1260 (2 Witnesses) +4 (death and resurrection of the 2 witnesses) +30
(escape of the remnant to Petra after the Abomination and 7th Trumpet)
+1260 (antichrist) +1 (Second Coming, the Great and Terrible Day of
the Lord) +40 days (leading up to the official start of the Kingdom).
I developed this structure before the further revisions described later in
this document. I was pleased to discover that these revisions (especially
the use of a solar year for the Time of Messiah) offer strong support for
this chronology of the Tribulation. Understanding the Tribulation is
essential for future projections, as well as for understanding how the
Times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.
*9. So far these were issues raised, shared and discussed with MT before
2007, and I had thought this was probably all the revision of the Bible
Chronology that was needed. But at the turn of the year of 2007, I came
to realise that there were still serious problems that had to be dealt with,
before we could claim it was manifestly correct. There were a whole set
of things ‘hard to believe’ that were unique to the AW chronology and
that were without good biblical or historical support (and often against
the evidence) that required a number of steps of faith in AW’s inspiration.
These ‘strange’ things (which are readily identifiable to a student of
chronology) felt like ‘sticky-plaster’ that has to hold something together
that is a bit out of position; it needs to be added to make something work
that has not been put together quite right. They indicate that the AW
chronology is not perfect, for the true chronology should carry the marks
of Divine perfection (the elements of a well built, fine-tuned engine will
fit together and work together perfectly without the need for special
devices to make it work properly). These things are not clearly taught by
scripture, but are essentially of the nature of special ‘revelations’ or
inventions of AW, discovered by him in the process of trying to make the
details work out OK. Anyone following the chronology is required to
believe them on the basis of AW’s authority, rather than other evidence.
This set of problems creates a sense of unease and uncertainty about the
correctness of the chronology and makes it hard to fully understand,
receive and teach, and the errors they represent and signal explain why
God could not release the chronology on a large-scale. Many followers
of AW’s chronology knew about these ‘special features’, but took them
on faith in AW’s authority in the area, and because they could tell that
AW had understood many things right and they knew the spiritual value
and blessing of the AW chronology. It seemed that these features were all
connected and intrinsic to the chronology and so rejecting them would
mean rejecting the whole thing. So not wanting to throw the baby out
with the bathwater, we felt we had to receive it all and override our
unease at certain features. However if it is possible to discard these
problems without destroying the overall AW chronology, these
improvements should be welcomed.
It should be noted that in analysing and critiquing AW’s work (including
his mistakes), we are acknowledging the great work he did with his team
in moving the Bible Chronology forward, and without their work we
would not be anywhere close to where we are in understanding BC.
We are not destroying it and starting again, but we are trying to purify,
preserve and promote his good work. Unless this is done it will never
reach the body of Christ as it should. We believe AW in heaven would
be pleased with this project. Although AW expressed great authority and
certainty, he would not claim infallibility. Reading many of his writings
with the advantage of hindsight reveals errors in terms of date-setting and
interpretation of the times we live in. So my position is that AW was
called of God and often heard from God, and I witness to the basic value
and correctness of his work, but also that it was not complete and
contained a handful of errors that spoilt its perfection. Our project is to
identify and correct these errors and bring BC to perfection. I believe that
we should accept what AW claims the Lord clearly told Him, but that we
should not necessarily accept AW’s interpretations and deductions, but
test them. We have the advantage over AW of: (1) hindsight - being able
to look back and see another 50 years of end-time history, (2) having
access to modern technology (computers) and astronomical knowledge of
lunations & equinoxes, and (3) developments in understanding the
prophetic scriptures. This puts us in a good position to revise his work.
The same 4 questionable issues would be listed by anyone who has
studied AW’s work. (They primarily relate to the chronology of Christ‘s
life, but they also have a small effect on the overall chronology):
(1) The Moon-Miracle (God stopped the moon for 2 days in AD 33,
a major miracle not mentioned by the Bible or noticed by history).
(2) The Calendar Rule (Nisan 1 must be after the vernal equinox,
especially at the time of Christ, in contradiction to the Jewish records).
(3) The Monday Resurrection of Christ (contradicting the plain
meaning of scripture and the uniform belief of the Church from its start).
(4) The use of the 354 day year for measuring the life of Jesus, without
any scriptural basis, when this year was not even in use then.
After analysing the interconnections between these 4 issues (which I give
in more detail in other document), I was surprised to find they were
bound together in such a way that they all stand or fall together. Also I
found that they all originated from AW’s discovery of the 354 day year in
use from 33-1933AD. The basic mistake was that AW then assumed this
was the main Bible year (in contradiction to Genesis 1:14). This in turn
caused him to overuse the 354 day year. In particular he assumed it was
used for the Jesus calendar in constructing the chronology of His life
(issue 4 above). Issues 1-3 were then a logical consequence of trying to
make issue 4 work. Moreover if issue 4 is wrong then it follows that so
are issues 1-3. Thus all the remaining problem areas are all rooted in the
overuse of the 354 day year, which we now understand to be merely the
year God uses for the Gentiles. When these corrections are made certain
dates (especially in the life of Christ) are changed, but the large-scale
structure is preserved, including 6000 years ending on June 12th 1933.
I believe that the end result is much simpler and easier to understand and
teach, requiring no leaps of faith (having to believe something without
biblical foundation). Thus I believe this removes the remaining kinks.
It is clear to me now that the use of the 354 day year for the two time
measurements in Luke 3 (30 years) and Luke 13 (3/4 years) was a
mistake, and if so then it follows that the other 3 issues are also in error.
Luke tells us Jesus was 30 when He was baptised, and that He then
ministered for 3 years, and then warned Israel they would be cut off after
one more year. Clearly any reader would assume this referred to a year
then in use (either the Jewish luni-solar or a solar year similar to what
the Romans used), both of which stay in step with the seasons, and so
on average are 11 days longer than the 354 day year used by AW.
This is confirmed by the internal evidence of these passages:
Firstly, the priestly requirement in the law (Numbers 4:2,3) is that a
priest must be 30 luni-solar years, which Jesus did not fulfil if He
was 30 in 354 day years (actually He would only be just over 29!).
Jesus Christ, of course, is the fulfilment of the offices of prophet, priest
and king. Moreover, His Baptism on the AW system requires Him to also
break the law during His Temptation as it puts Him in the wilderness
during Tabernacles when all Jewish males are commanded to be in
Jerusalem. Also on AW’s 354 day system, Jesus was not exactly 30
when He was baptised as Luke implies (only generally close).
Moreover in Luke 13 the parable is based on an agricultural situation
when the owner comes every year at the same time looking for fruit on
the fig-tree (Israel). This makes a 354 day year unacceptable, as by the
4th year He would be coming 45 days earlier in the solar year looking
for fruit! Clearly a solar or luni-solar year is in view. If Luke is writing
primarily to Jews then it would be luni-solar, or if as a Greek or Roman
himself he was writing to Romans and Greeks (see the reference to
Theophilis at the beginning) then He would be using a solar year.
At first I assumed it would be luni-solar, but crunching the numbers
has led me to believing these are primarily solar year measurements.
I shall argue that this makes theological sense, as well as being consistent
with the context of Luke’s Gospel (why it was written and who it was
written for). Many believe Luke wrote Luke-Acts to be part of Paul’s
defence when he was on trial in Rome to accurately describe the origins
of Christianity and in particular the nature of Paul’s ministry and what
was behind his arrest, thus establishing his innocence.
Although the plain reading of Luke would indicate he was using a solar
or luni-year (as that is what his readers would assume, and Luke would
not want to mislead them), AW (in his desire to use the newly discovered
354 day year) claimed that Luke used this year for Jesus’ life. In so doing
he had to interpret these scriptures in terms of a ‘secret calendar’ of Jesus
not known to the reader. Now the idea that Jesus would have had a
personal calendar was a genuine insight, but if it operated on a 354 day
year then we would expect better results from it than we actually get,
especially for His death. But the main problem is that AW interprets these
key scriptures in Luke according to a secret calendar using a year length
that was not being used at that time. If Luke was doing this without
indicating it, he was misleading his readers. This is not good Bible
interpretation. Yes, we may discover spiritual meanings, types and
patterns that lie under the surface of scripture, but these must be built
upon a foundation of the plain reading of scripture. We are not free to
replace the plain meaning with mystical (secret) interpretations.
Any interpretation or application must never violate its plain meaning.
This is my main reason for rejecting AW’s use of the 354 day year for the
life of Jesus. The second reason is that it does not work well, and as
a result it spoils and distorts the Bible chronology for His life.
AW’s justification for using a 354 day year for Jesus was that calculating
back from Christ’s death on Passover AD 33 gets you to His birth on
Tabernacles in 1BC (a Feast alignment) - only it doesn’t - it is out by
over 3 days (based on the calculated position of the moon at that time),
even by making the Feasts at that time a month later than most would
make them based on the historical records of that time.
Moreover even before we consider how AW solved this 3 day problem,
we should point out that even then the 10 hours of Hezekiah have to be
invoked to make things turn out right, which is fine except that AW does
not invoke these 10 hours at any other time - which is inconsistent.
As MT’s computer program makes clear there is a serious fudge here.
AW says (correctly) that these 10 hours meant that Divine time (which is
lunar) was displaced by 10 hours from civil time, so that the sacred day
started at 8am, 10 hours before the civil day started at 6pm. Thus Jesus
was born at 8am and the days of His personal calendar all start at 8am.
(all good so far). MT’s program shows Jesus born at 8am on 14th Tishri
(not 15th) DC, but this is explained by the fact that the 15th on the DC
actually opens 10 hours earlier at 8am of that day. But if that is the case
why does MT not show that day as the 15th Tishri on the DC according to
his noon-rule? If he applied the 10 hours in this way to the DC at Christ’s
birth, then he would have to do it generally, but that would be difficult
because AW didn’t do it generally and MT was modelling his chronology
Why didn’t AW apply the 10 hours generally to the DC, especially to the
time of Christ’s death and resurrection? Because doing so would have
spoiled it all, in such a way to destroy his whole system using the moon-
miracle. So he had to hold back from saying clearly that the DC was
generally displaced by 10 hours.(Only the Jesus calendar has a consistent
8am start). However for Jesus’ birth, AW is forced into a special pleading
that Divine time is adjusted by these 10 hrs. We can’t have it both ways!
Either the 10 hours is applied to the DC or it isn’t! On AW’s system,
if it is applied, then his chronology for Christ’s birth is saved, but His
chronology for Christ’s death, burial and resurrection is fatally messed
up. On the other hand if the 10 hrs are not applied, then His Birth is not
on Tabernacles which is unacceptable. Without this result the Chronology
loses its key result and verification, and the 354 day year assumption
(the basis of AW’s calculation of Christ’s birth) loses all credibility.
This subtle inconsistency (well-disguised) is actually a fatal flaw to
AW’s system, and by itself shows something is fundamentally wrong.
Now let’s get back to the less subtle 3 DAY error.
To correct this discrepancy it was necessary for AW:
(1) To say that two weeks after the Exodus God moved His DC ONE
DAY from Israel’s civil calendar as a judgment (before they even sinned).
Now something like this happened later with the 10 hours of Hezekiah
putting the DC out of phase with the Civil Calendar (but this is clearly an
action of God adjusting His astronomical clock). But if both of these
corrections were made the Divine new month would actually took place
before the last astronomical month ended! In fact, I believe that it was
only with the later 10 hour adjustment that the DC moved out of phase
with the CC, moving more into line with the astronomical new moon.
(2) It was also necessary to claim that the moon stopped for 2 DAYS
between the death and resurrection - an amazing miracle, of which the
Bible is unfortunately silent! AW claimed God spoke to him about this,
but the Lord only told him that He did not ‘reckon time for one who is
dead’ (that is, on Christ’s personal chronology/calendar and probably on
the DC). But the Lord never said He actually stopped the moon - that
was AW’s thought. This also led him to the novel idea that Jesus rose
Sunday midnight/Monday morning (as 2 complete DAYS/48 hours were
now required) which is not otherwise implied by the Bible or even
suggested, much less accepted at any time of church history (we will
discuss this in full along with the 3 days & 3 nights in another document)
Basically an AD 33 crucifixion means it could not happen on a Thursday,
which means the extra day needed for the moon miracle must be found by
making the resurrection a day later. Now this requires unusual mystical
interpretations of some scriptures which in their plain meaning refer to a
Sunday morning resurrection which the church has always believed.
Now ‘the 3 days and 3 nights’ is the only biblical evidence that can be
given in support of this, but this by itself (without the moon miracle)
would never lead to the Monday resurrection, as it would clearly
contradict scripture. This is why those looking for a literal interpretation
of the 3d & 3n always go for a Wednesday or Thursday crucifixion rather
than a Monday resurrection.
The bottom line is that the moon miracle in AD33 requires a Monday
resurrection, and if there was no moon miracle a Monday resurrection
would be impossible. Thus the Jesus 354 day year, Moon Miracle and
Monday Resurrection stand or fall together. They are either all true or all
false. Each is vital to the others for the system to work. But if one is false
they all are. I believe the initial error was the 354 day year and the other
2 are ingenious fixes to try and make the chronology work.
(3) Moreover to make the chronology consistent with the 354 day year for
Jesus, AW’s year-starts tend to be later than what we know the Jews used
at that time (see Josephus and other ancient sources) especially in 1BC
(His birth) and 33AD (death), leading to a April 29th AD33 Passover
(about a month later than the generally accepted time of Passover 33 -
April 1st) - although this is out by 2 days for there to be a full moon then,
and this has to be corrected by the moon miracle. AW’s system gets these
late year-starts by using the year start rule that requires Nisan 1 to be in
Spring (that is, after the equinox), when the Bible simply insists that the
Feasts must be in their seasons, that is Nisan 14 must be in the Spring
(after the vernal equinox), and probably also Tishri 15 (Tabernacles) must
be after the Autumnal equinox (this is a stronger condition which would
automatically mean that Nisan 10 is also after the equinox, which is appropriate,
as it could be seen spiritually as being part of the Passover).
Again it is clear that this year-start rule stands or falls with the other 3
issues already mentioned. If the moon-miracle did not happen then it
follows a Friday AD33 Passover had to be on April 1st which requires
a different rule (Passover a month later in May would have been on a
Sunday!). Conversely, if we did not have this late year-start rule, then
again Passover would be on April 1st and the moon-miracle (as well as
the 354 day year and the Monday resurrection) would be impossible.
In conclusion, the 354-day Jesus year, the moon miracle, the late year
start and the Monday resurrection all stand or fall together, and they all
happen to be the issues people have a problem with, because they don’t
seem to agree with the biblical and historical records. They are either all
true or all false. I submit they are all false, and their origin is easily
explicable from one false assumption - the 354 year for Jesus. Without
that, not only are they impossible, but they are not needed to fix things.
In fact I hope to show that without this assumption, we end up with a
simpler and clearer chronology, in better agreement with the biblical and
There are only two alternatives:
(1) All 4 issues above are true, or (2) all are false.
The 4 issues again: (1) The Moon-Miracle,
(2) The Calendar Rule, (3) The Monday Resurrection of Christ,
(4) The use of the 354 day year for the life of Jesus.
Let us test these 4 issues against the historical & astronomical evidence:
*1. The moon miracle is by nature unlikely, but we could believe it if the
Bible teaches it, but it does not. Moreover the historical records deny it
by their silence. Surely such an event (a month 2 days longer than usual)
would be noticed by the people of that time. Even more convincing is
the fact that all the records of eclipses before AD33 would be made false.
However it seems that these records are in excellent agreement with the
astronomical calculations which assume that there was no moon miracle.
So, recorded historical eclipses before Christ’s death are well matched
astronomically, which should not happen if there was a moon miracle.
AW’s original confirmation, namely that the age of the moon at Creation
(March 3rd 4075BC) was 2 days out from being new (as AW assumed it
should be), now works against him, because a more accurate knowledge
of lunation variation now shows that the moon would actually have been
new at Creation without the moon miracle, and a 2 day correction would
now spoil that! (see Hermetic Systems online for the relevant lunar phase
software). As for the Julian calendar starting on an astronomical new
moon, that provides poor evidence for the moon-miracle (even negative
evidence) for the Romans were able to calculate when the conjunction
took place and use that for the start of the new month & their new system
NEW MOON RULE. I believe that Israel also calculated the start of their
first month on the basis of the timing of the conjunction (Dark Moon),
adding an extra day to the end of the previous year when necessary, and
calculated the start of the other months by a 30/29 day alternation (see
1Samuel 20:18). “Rules for the New Moon”- (Qadesh
La Yahweh Press) says if the conjunction was during the night, then it is
reckoned as belonging to the last day of the old month, and the next day
(6pm) would be the first of the new month. If the conjunction was
during the day, then it would be reckoned as if it happened that evening
and the New Month would not start until the next evening at 6pm.
This rule means that the New Month starts approximately when the new
crescent would be visible under ideal conditions. Only relatively late did
the Jews base it on the actual observation of the new moon crescent.
So it would not be strange for the Romans to start their Julian calendar at
an astronomical new moon. Moreover even if there was a mystery over
why the Romans started the calendar before the sighting of the crescent,
the moon miracle would be a long way down the list of explanations.
Thus this Julian argument by itself carries little weight.
The unrevised AW chronology stands or falls on this unrecorded miracle.
It’s not an isolated extra for the other 3 key issues depend on it being true
It has a fundamental role in determining the key dates of Christ’s birth,
life and death and therefore it is imperative we determine its truth value.
*2. The year start can easily be checked with records of the practice of
the time such as Josephus: “The observation of the autumnal equinox,
i.e., ‘the going out of the year’ (see Exodus 23:16), and of the spring or
vernal equinox, called ‘the return of the year’ (1Kings 20:26; 2Chron
36:10 AV), was important for controlling the calendar and
consequently the festivals. Thus the year began with the new moon
nearest the vernal equinox when the sun was in Aries (Jos., Ant. 3.201
[better to see Ant. (Antiquities of the Jews) III.x.5]), and the Passover on
the 14th day of Nisan coincided with the first full moon (Exodus 12:2-6).
Illustrated Bible Dictionary, IVP 1980; art. Calendar, Vol 1, p. 223)
There is clear evidence that the year start rule used by Israel in the time of
Christ (which Christ endorsed by His practice of keeping the Jewish
feasts) is NOT what AW used. Therefore if his year start rule is wrong
then it follows that the other 3 issues must be wrong also. This also
perhaps explains why MT could not get the Acts 20 harmony to work on
his computer model, as he had to follow AW’s incorrect year-start rule.
Also evidence is strong for a Friday April 1st Passover a month before:
Firstly, it gives an exact fulfilment of Daniel’s 70 Weeks to the day
in the calendar-year in use (ending at His death and resurrection),
whereas any chronology using AW’s calendar-year for Jesus and his resulting date for
the Cross will not give an exact fulfilment (and certainly not one in the calendar-years
used by that chronology)
Secondly, it has been established that on April 1st there was a lunar
eclipse reaching its maximum at 5pm and becoming visible from
Jerusalem as the sun set and the moon rose, at about 6pm, causing a
blood-red moon in fulfilment of Joel’s prophecy of the moon turning to
blood and the sun turning to darkness on the same day, which Peter
quoted in Acts 2 as evidence that Jesus was the Lord-Messiah. Peter was
speaking to people who had just recently personally witnessed these very
signs in the heavens. No wonder his words had great impact, as Peter
reminds them how Joel connects these signs with the Coming of the
Lord! Now we know that the cancellation, rewind and rerun of the 70th
Week meant that Joel’s prophecy was not completely fulfilled in AD33,
but there was enough correspondence for Peter to say:
“This is that which was spoken by Joel.” God did enough through
the signs in the heavens, earthquakes and the outpouring of the Spirit to
show He was ready to fulfil it all on time, had Israel been ready.
Interestingly, I will show that the Day of the Resurrection is the last day
of Daniel’s 70th Week (the last day of 7 solar years = 2556 days).
There follows after that the 40 days. On the DC, there is an exact rerun of
the 70th Week in the Tribulation, ending at the Second Coming (the great
and manifest Day of the Lord), with 40 days following after that.
Therefore the Resurrection Day corresponds exactly to the Great
and Manifest Day of the Lord on the Tribulation rerun.
It was heralded by a supernatural Blackout, just as we know the
Second Coming will be (according to Joel 2 and Matthew 24)!
We also know that at about the same time as the Blackout before the
Second Coming there will be a total lunar eclipse (Joel 2, Revelation 6).
Thus we would expect to have a lunar eclipse on the day of the Cross,
to fulfil prophecy, to indicate God was ready to fulfil the 70th Week,
to have a true agreement with the rerun; especially in view of Peter’s use
of Joel 2 to show the outpouring of the Spirit was a fulfilment of
prophecy - for he extended the quote to include the two astronomical
signs, surely because they were both fulfilled a few weeks before!
The Day of Christ’s manifestation closes the 70th Week and marks the
fulfilment of the prophecy, namely the Kingdom established through the
Presence of the King - (had Israel received Him, Christ would have
initiated the establishment of His Kingdom on the day of His
Resurrection). However Daniel 12 indicates a further 40 days of
preparation before the Kingdom officially begins. These 40 days are
mirrored in the 40 days from the resurrection to the ascension, when
instead of sitting on David’s throne, Jesus had to sit on Father’s throne,
waiting until He could return and sit on His own throne on earth.
Now if on the DC, God does not reckon time during Christ’s death, that
means the Great and Terrible Day of the Lord in AD 33 (15th Nisan DC)
opened at 8am on the Day of Christ’s death, with the Christ on the Cross
and the sun turning to darkness and (if the April 1st date is correct) the
moon turning to blood. Then within the same sacred Day there is the
glorious manifestation of the resurrected Christ! Truly a great and
manifest Day of the Lord! Likewise in the Tribulation on the CC,
the last Day of the 70th Week will start with a full lunar eclipse and
supernatural darkness (Rev 6:12) and end with His glorious
manifestation. All this demonstrates that the Day of the Cross and
Resurrection foreshadowed the time of Christ’s Return, and it would have
been the day He would have appeared in glory to establish His Kingdom
had Israel received Him. But because of their rejection of Him, He only
manifested Himself to His disciples. However God marked the start of
this great day with heavenly signs in the sun and moon as Joel
prophesied, so that men might know the Lord had indeed come on time,
and that He had been ready to fulfil all prophecy.
Peter’s reference (in His Pentecostal sermon about Christ’s Resurrection)
to Joel’s prophecy of the sun turning to darkness, just before the Lord’s
glorious manifestation and the outpouring of His Spirit was a clear
reference to the supernatural darkness at the Cross that they all witnessed.
He was saying: ‘Look how the sun went dark, and the earth shook when
Jesus was crucified, just as it was prophesied in Joel. Look at His empty
tomb, as it was prophesied in Acts 16. Look at the Spirit poured out upon
all as Joel prophesied. All this proves Jesus is the Lord and Messiah!’
Now in the very same sentence when he mentioned the fulfilled sign in
the sun as evidence for Jesus being the Christ, he also quoted Joel’s
prophecy about the moon turning to blood (their standard way of
describing a certain kind of lunar eclipse where the earth’s shadow makes
the moon appear blood-red). The implication of Joel’s prophecy and
Peter’s quote is that both these signs happen at about the same time, just
before the Lord appears in glory. Surely this implies that a lunar eclipse
had to happen on the day of the Cross along with the supernatural
darkness. This establishes April 1st as the day of the Cross, not April 29th
*3. There is no Biblical or historical evidence for a 354 day calendar in
use for Jesus’ life. On the contrary we know He observed the feasts
according to the Jewish luni-solar calendar. Moreover He would have
been familiar with the solar calendar used but the Roman occupiers.
*4. A Monday resurrection seems to disagree with the plain meaning of
scriptures. Whether it is: ‘the first day of the week’ (as in Mark 16:9)
or: ‘of the weeks’ makes little difference as the first day of the weeks
leading up to Pentecost is always a Sunday (the day after the Sabbath).
Thus scripture plainly says He rose on Sunday morning. AW’s alternative
explanation is certainly not the plain reading of these verses. In any case,
Mark 16:9 makes AW’s interpretation impossible and
thus He is forced to deny that the ending of Mark 16 is even scripture -
and I strongly disagree!
Thus the historical evidence is against all 4 of these definitive issues
which makes AW’s chronology hard to accept without reservation.
Moreover we have seen that even if one of these 4 is wrong then they
must all be wrong. This means that the probabilities are very much
against AW being right on these issues.
God made the sun, moon and stars for signs (Genesis 1:14) and put the
Gospel in the stars, in which the sun represents Christ and the zodiacal
constellations represent various aspects of His work (see my power-
point). Thus the Sun in a certain Sign signifies the Son in that phase of
His mission. Now we would expect confirmation in the stars of the
correct chronology, especially that the sun would be in the appropriate
sign when Christ was actually fulfilling the prophecies in His Birth,
Death and Second Coming. By using the corrected earlier year-start rule
Christ’s birth at Tabernacles is when the sun in Virgo. Moreover
Revelation 12:1-5 specifically tells us that there was a sign in the heavens
connected to Christ’s birth and describes a specific alignment of the sun,
moon and Virgo as the woman was about to give birth to the Messiah. On
September 27th, which is Trumpets 2BC (His birth in the revised
chronology is now in 2BC) this very sign appeared as an announcement
of His impending birth 2 weeks later at Tabernacles on October 11th. On
this day we have the exact picture in the heavens that is described in
Revelation 12:1-5 where the woman (Virgo) is clothed with the sun and
the moon is under her feet, with the serpent Hydra moving past! Thus
there literally was a sign in the heavens announcing Messiah’s birth
exactly as Revelation 12:1 describes and claims! However according to
AW’s timing and dates Trumpets and Tabernacles are a month later, and
the sun is not even in Virgo, let alone the moon. This rare configuration
and my other constellation claims can be verified by free astronomy
software, e.g. at: www.stellarium.org (it uses Julian dates). This software
will also verify the lunar eclipse of April 1st 33.
Moreover, as Josephus says, the sun must be in Aries at Passover, and
indeed it is on April 1st 33AD. It is fitting of course that at His sacrificial
death as the Lamb of God, the sun should be in Aries, the Ram, who is in
the act of breaking the bands holding Pisces (believers) to Cetus (the
monster of sin and death). This would have been all the more dramatic
when the stars appeared at midday when the sun was darkened as the
Roman records inform us (in other words it was not a freak dust-storm).
They would have all seen the darkened sun in Aries, signifying that the
Son of God was suffering as the sacrificial Ram of God, our sin offering,
bearing the darkness of our sin upon Himself. Of course there is no such
confirming sign on AW’s dates a month later. All this confirms the year-
starts should be a month earlier than AW’s at Christ’s birth and death.
This is confirmed by the Return of Christ at Trumpets-Tabernacles ~2033
According to the revised chronology, the sun will be in Leo, the Lion,
signifying the appearance of Christ as the Lion of Judah, the King of
Kings (pouncing on the head of Hydra). This is just as we would expect
But there is no such alignment a month later. (The reason the sun is not in
Virgo at Tabernacles anymore is precession of equinoxes over 2000 yrs).
The late year-start rule is a serious matter as it seems this was an error
Jereboam introduced when the Northern Kingdom rebelled and he desired
to set up an alternative worship system changing the times and places of
worship. One thing the Bible criticises him for is celebrating Tabernacles
one month later (in the 8th month according to God):
1Kings 12:32-33: “Jeroboam ordained a feast in the 8th month, on the
15th day of the month, like unto the feast that is in Judah, and he
offered upon the altar. So did he in Bethel, sacrificing unto the calves
that he had made: and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high
places which he had made. So he offered upon the altar which he had
made in Bethel the 15th day of the 8th month, even in the month
which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the
children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense.”
The best explanation is that he was not making up a new feast, but
corrupting the timing of the Jewish feast of Tabernacles, otherwise this
feast would have no credibility for the people. Jereboam would have
claimed that the right time to celebrate Tabernacles was a month later,
by changing the year-start rule and adding an extra intercalated month
accordingly. Ever since then it is known that the Samaritans (the remnant
of the Northern Kingdom that stayed in the land) have continued to this
day to use Jereboam’s late start rule, which says that the new year must
start after March 25th (the equinox used to be March 25th on the Julian
calendar). This is essentially the year-start rule used by AW, but it is
not the Divinely ordained rule! Jesus said to the Samaritan woman that
‘salvation was of the Jews’ which among other things meant He endorsed
Israel over Samaria as having the divinely revealed worship calendar.
This pile of problems leads me to conclude that AW’s original assumption
must be wrong. The Jesus calendar is not 354 days, and neither are
the time measurements of the life of Christ in 354 day years!
Therefore these must either be in luni-solar (l-s) or solar years.
I originally assumed that l-s years were meant, but now after some
number-crunching it seems clear that the time measurements related to
Christ are in TRUE SOLAR years. This includes Luke’s 30 years and 4
years, also the Time of Messiah (Daniel’s 70th Week, the 7 years starting
with John the Baptist) and the personal calendar of Christ. In solar years
things work out so much better with the 70 Weeks Prophecy and with the
chronology of His Life and Ministry, as I shall endevour to show.
The key time periods are all in Luke and so a solar year agrees well with
the purpose of Luke’s Gospel in presenting Christ to the Romans and
Greeks (for God caused the Romans to start using a proper solar calendar
in 45BC in time for the Coming of Christ). More importantly, Messianic
time must be solar for theological reasons and consistency. It strikes me
how right it is for Messianic time to be solar. Since He was of Israel
under the law, He observed and fulfilled the Luni-Solar Calendar Feasts
as prescribed by the law (the CC, RC and DC were all luni-solar
during His life), but as for His own Messianic Ministry chronology surely
the Sun of Righteousness would use a true solar calendar! Moreover the
Church Calendar is solar as AW himself realised.
Now if Christ’s body is on solar time, then since the Head is identified
with the Body, He must also be on the same calendar-year.
Thus Messianic time is TRUE SOLAR, not the 354 day year.
When we apply this rule then the Chronology of Christ works perfectly.
Messianic Time is true solar - not Julian, not even Gregorian.
These are just approximations to true solar by which God reckons.
His personal Calendar is solar from His birth, with days starting at 8am.
His Messianic chronology that covers His ministry starting at the opening
of the 70th Week with John’s ministry is also solar. Therefore the 30 years
of Luke 3 and the 3/4 years of Luke 13 are all true solar years.
Thus it follows that there was no moon miracle, and the rule for the year
start must be changed to let it start earlier. So rather than requiring the
start of Nisan and Tishri to be after their respective equinoxes, the rule
becomes that the Feasts Passover and Tabernacles must be in their
seasons after the 2 equinoxes (20/21st March, September 22/23).
Now this does not mean that God’s original rule meant that the year must
necessarily start on the nearest New Moon to the equinox (so that
Passover is on the first full moon after the equinox) because there was a
Jubilee system of intercalated months (on the 3rd, 6th, 8th years of each 8
year cycle, with the Jubilee cycle made up of 6 of these, with a final 49 th
year before the next cycle began) which also governed the year starts.
Only very occasionally (about every 600-900 years) did an extra month
have to be added on top of this to stop the year starting too early.
This may help to explain why the recorded Elephantine recorded year-starts from 500-
400 BC are late in that this may be a natural consequence of Israel’s Jubilee l-s system
if the rare extra intercalation had happened just before. Another possibility is that
Israel’s exile calendar came under Babylonian influence from when she came under
Babylonian dominion (as shown by their adoption of Babylonian month names).
Now it is known that about 500BC the Babylonians changed to the later year-start rule
of Nisan 1 after the equinox, whereas before that their year starts could be before the
equinox. The reason seems to be to do with the zodiac, which was very important to
them. Their year until then had always by definition started in Aries, but because of
precession this rule was about to be broken. Therefore so that the year would always
start in Aries they changed their year-start rule, and then continued with this rule, and
the Jews in exile may have followed suit. However, we also know that the Jews who
returned to the land did not conform to this Babylonian change in the year-start at
500BC, and so their year-starts would often be earlier than Babylon’s. Certainly we
know that at the time of Christ the Jews were not using the Babylonian rule, but often
had year-starts before the equinox. This is of course the crucial issue as far as the
Christ’s life is concerned. This alone disproves AW’s dates, since he was in effect
unknowingly using the Babylonian system. The fact that Christ and God honoured
the feasts as practiced by the Jews at the time proves that they were applying the
correct year-start rule originally given by God to Israel at the Exodus.
In conclusion, I believe we can apply a single year-start rule for all of Israel’s history,
which is the rule practiced by Christ and the first-century Jews, which basically is
(according to Jewish records) that Passover (Nisan 10-14) must be after the equinox,
but not necessarily Nisan 1 . This disproves the AW use of the 354 day year for
Christ, as it necessitates using the later year-start rule. However it would be
interesting to test the Elephantine data to see if it is consistent with any l-s system
(Jubilee v Metonic, and Biblical v Babylonian year-start) - giving 4 combinations to
test. In testing the Jubilee system we must test its 3 variations that are based on when
the first Jubilee cycle starts (Exodus, Exodus+40, or Exodus+45/46/47). I believe
Exodus +46/47 may be correct. The results will be illuminating, but not determinative
for BC. If the l-s calendar starts before the Exodus, this may also affect the start of
the Jubilee cycle.
The effect of changing the year-start rule, as discussed above, is to lower
the baseline below which the year start is not allowed to go by about 10
days. This in turn will mean that the extra intercalated month will be
added later (after the time of Christ rather than just before). This means
that the year-starts in 458BC are unaffected, but the actual year starts for
the time of Christ and the early church will be uniformly earlier by a
month than AW has them. Thus revising the year-start rule will lead to
the correct dates for the life of Christ in agreement with Jewish records of
the time. Thus although Josephus’ rule is an oversimplification and would
not hold at all times of Israel’s history, it was generally true for the time
in which he lived, when the full-moon was normally the first after the
equinox on the Jubilee system (since it was in the time just before the end
of the 900 years when it was necessary to add the extra month which
made the year generally start later again).
Julius Africanus tells us that Israel originally used the Jubilee system.
Now even if the Jews stopped using this system by the time of Christ,
and instead used a system based on Josephus’s rule (the first full moon
after Passover) it would have made little difference as far as the time of
Christ was concerned. In either case the years would often have started
a month earlier than on AW’s system (including the years of His birth and
death), and so the true date of the Cross is 4 weeks before AW’s date.
The Birth of Christ in 2BC. With a l-s or solar year for Luke’s ‘30
years’ and ‘3/4 years’ leads to a 2BC date for Christ’s birth, rather than
1BC which has the advantage of being a more straightforward reading.
We know His death is Passover 33AD. We know His life is about 33.5
years (30 years to His baptism and 3.5 years ministry until His death).
This leads to His birth at about Tabernacles 2BC - there is no year 0).
In fact, since He was born on Tabernacles 2BC, His life was exactly 33.5
Moreover 2BC agrees well with the Census of Cyrenius at Christ’s Birth
(see ‘Handbook’ - Finegan, Secrets of Time - S.Jones, Earnest Martin).
Also significantly most early Church historians give Christ’s birth at
2BC. The main issue with 1BC or 2BC has been the general view based
on Josephus that Herod died in 4BC, so Christ had to be born before that.
Josephus says he died just after a lunar eclipse and then details a series of
events leading up to Passover that year (that would take at least a month,
maybe 3). Now there was a minor eclipse on 13th March 4BC which has
been generally understood to be the one, but this leaves little time before
Passover. Moreover there are 2 better candidates in 1BC (January 10th
and December 29th). Now taking December 29th means Herod died in
early 1AD and thus it is possible Christ died in 1BC as AW says if the
wise-men came soon after His birth. However to reconcile 1AD with
other statements of Josephus requires Galloway’s assumption and
explanation (which is possible but not generally accepted).
If however we take the January 10th eclipse with Herod dying soon after
in 1BC, then Christ’s birth was in 2BC. Now it is easier to reconcile this
date for Herod’s death with Josephus (as Filmer demonstrates and as
Finegan accepts in his Handbook of Bible Chronology). In this case
Galloway’s extra assumption is not needed. Thus a 2BC date now has
significant support by a section of modern scholarship on Josephus,
unlike the 1BC date. In fact this recent scholarly realisation and re-
evaluation of Josephus is most welcome as it removes one of the main
stumbling blocks for people to accept the chronology - namely the belief
that Jesus was born in 4BC. However their work which is gaining greater
acceptance only justifies a 2BC birth of Christ from Josephus, not a 1 BC
birth. Again we note that the wise-men came only a few months after the
birth which makes sense (why would they delay 2 years?, and why are the
family still in Bethlehem after 2 years?).
Stephen Jones uses Ernest Martin’s astronomical work to show why
Herod killed babies 2 years and under just to make sure. This involves
the signs in the heavens that the Magi followed. Martin’s book on the
Star of Bethlehem shows an unusual series of astronomical events
including planetary conjunctions that the Magi would have seen as
significant that took place over 18 months starting in the middle of 3BC,
concluding on December 25th 2BC (the visit of the wise men).
He explains the star of Bethlehem in terms of the ‘king planet’ Jupiter.
This activity was sufficiently impressive for many planetariums to adopt
it as a Christmas show. Now perhaps the Star of Bethlehem was
supernatural, but the wise-men would have had these signs in addition,
and they would have been part of their explanation to Herod.
Moreover Sept 29th (Julian) which is Trumpets 2BC has the astronomical
confirmation described in Revelation 12:1-3, which announced the
impending birth of Christ. Notice how judgment fell on Herod
immediately for he fell sick and died within a month!
All this establishes that a 2BC birth is clearly consistent with:
(1) Josephus, (2) early church historians and (3) the signs in the heavens,
whereas a 1BC birth cannot make this claim:
(1) For Josephus one must follow Galloway’s reconstruction
(unfortunately no one else does nowadays).
(2) Early church historians almost uniformly go to 2/3BC.
(3) There are no signs in the heavens connected to a 1BC birth.
Therefore one also has more difficulty explaining Herod’s massacre of
2 year olds. One has to then explain it in terms of a delayed arrival of
1 or 2 years of the Magi, but then one gets big problems with reconciling
Herod’s death with Josephus and his eclipse. Moreover we have to ask
why they would arrive so late for such an important date!
Thus the historical evidence is in favour of 2BC over 1BC, and this in
turn gives us another test for the 354 day year over a solar or luni-solar
year for the 30 years of Jesus until His baptism. Assuming His death was
in Passover 33AD (which is foundational to AW chronology and
confirmed by records of the supernatural darkness) then His baptism was
in the Fall of AD 29 (3.5 year ministry). Now 30 years back takes us to
the Fall of 2BC, hence a 2BC birth is the straightforward interpretation.
Only by taking these 30 years in a secret 354 day year calendar do you
get to the Fall of 1BC. If this unusual interpretation was true we would
expect some historical confirmation, but the opposite is true as we have
seen. Thus if we use the birth of Christ as a test for the use of the 354 d
year for the life of Christ (verses a solar based yr) we again find against
it, and this agrees with our earlier conclusions (the 3 other tests of the
354d year related to the yr-start, moon-miracle and day of resurrection).
In conclusion we submit that the AW chronology should be adjusted by:
(1) Changing the year-start rule.
(2) Rejecting the use of the 354 day year for the life of Christ.
(3) Rejecting the moon miracle.
(4) Rejecting the Monday resurrection.
(5) Having the Civil and Divine Calendars (CC & DC) identical until the
10 hr adjustment at Hezekiah. The two did not go out of phase at the
In fact there are good reasons to believe that the Civil, like the Divine is
calculated on the basis of astronomical New Moon, as previously
described, which enables us to know, rather than guess when it was.
However we will have to apply the right rule carefully especially to
important years, using lunar-phase software. In his program MT applied
the next day rule for the Civil Calendar which is an over-simplification.
The same rule applies for the DC as the CC except for the 10 hour
adjustment after 700BC. Joshua’s long day actually has no effect as both
sun and moon were stopped and God does not work by atomic time
(otherwise we might as well give up now with the complications that
would cause!). Hezekiah’s 10 hours does cause the Divine to move ahead
of the Civil by 10 hrs. If the DC stops at Christ’s death
(and I believe it does) there would be a further adjustment
(but not quite the same as the 2 Days required by the AW moon miracle).
Then again when the sun and moon stop for a time at the Second Coming
(Habakkuk 3) and that will cause another calendar adjustment.
Now I believe that the Bible dates are generally Civil (not DC), by the
nature of the case, for the Bible writer would record dates according to
what was being used by man at the time. The main exception seems to be
the synoptic Gospels in their record of the Last Supper, where it seems
that the disciples were keeping the Passover Meal on the Divine
Calendar, where the 14th Nisan would be from 8am Thursday to 8am
Friday. Harold Hoehner (in his ‘Chronological aspects of the life of
Christ’) says that many Galileans followed this sunrise calendar, in which
Passover was celebrated a day earlier. It seems that Jesus kept and
endorsed this calendar also since it was the Divine Calendar.
However to avoid confusion God did not mix the Civil and Divine for
dates, but on this occasion it was important for Him to show that the Last
Supper was a true Passover Meal. One could speculate that one reason
Hezekiah’s 10 hours were to make this double Passover possible to
achieve the full revelation of the New Covenant. Moreover in revealing
a different Calendar at the Last Supper, God was demonstrating the
existence of a distinct Divine Calendar, which at that time was about
10 hours out of phase with the Civil one. (The main reason, I am sure,
for Hezekiah’s 10 hrs has to do with creating the right calendar
positioning for the DC for the time of Christ’s death, burial and
resurrection). However, unless there are strong reasons to believe
otherwise, we should assume all Bible dates are Civil.
The Revised Chronology. It should be apparent that the chronology
resulting from these changes will be simpler to understand and easier to
receive, since many questionable issues are removed. If it is correct then
we would expect this to become evident when it comes to the number
crunching. That is, when the life of Christ is calculated to the day on this
new basis, it should all work out in an exact and pleasing way without
having to twist things to make them fit.
We make the following observations as to the result of these changes:
(1) Christ’s death is now Friday 1st April (Gregorian), 3rd April (Julian)
(2) Christ’s resurrection is Sunday 3rd April (Gregorian). 6am.
(3) Christ’s ascension is Saturday May 14th
(I believe it is at 6pm May 13th, at the opening of the 14th in Jewish
thinking, after He appeared to the apostles for 40 days, remembering that
He only first appeared to them after 6pm on the day of the resurrection.
See Acts 1:3 for the exact definition of the 40 days.
(4) Pentecost is now May 22nd.
These dates are about a month earlier than AW. The Cross is 4 weeks
earlier. The Resurrection and Pentecost are 4 weeks and 1 day earlier.
(5) The birth of Christ is Tabernacles 11th October 2BC (Gregorian),
14 days after Trumpets 27th September (with Rev 12:1-3 in the stars).
However because of equinox positions, the true solar anniversary of
His birth will usually be 10th October.
*What a perfect solution should achieve. (If we achieved all of these it
would confirm that we are using the right chronological measurements):
The capstone of BC is the measurement of Christ’s Life and Ministry.
*Requirement 1. We expect an exact result connecting:
(1) His BIRTH (Tabernacles 2 BC), (2) His BAPTISM (AD 29),
and (3) The end of the time of grace to Israel (AD 33).
That is, we expect to have exact time spans connecting these 3 events as
described in Luke 3 & 13. We have seen how this was attempted using
the 354 day year and that this attempt failed in a number of ways:
(1) the 30 & 3 years do not connect at Christ’s Baptism as they should,
(2) the span of 34 years only works by invoking a set of unlikely
assumptions (such as the moon-miracle) as discussed previously.
(3) Moreover there is an inconsistency not yet mentioned concerning the 2 cut-offs on
Oct 10th (Israel) and June 12th (Gentiles). AW, by Divine leading, which I believe we
must respect, clearly marks June 12th 1933 as the cut off date (not June 11th). The
opening of the 2nd Tower of Babel was the final act that demonstrated the Gentile
ripeness for judgement, and was therefore the moment the Gentiles were cut-off.
Therefore June 12th is the last day of the 1960 Gentile (354 day years). Thus this new
cycle started on Oct 11th AD33. Therefore Israel were cut off the day before on Oct
10th when Stephen was murdered, the corresponding act of Israel’s leaders when they
confirmed their rejection of Christ and demonstrated their ripeness for judgement.
This interprets the parallel events of AD33 and 1933 in a consistent way. This means
that the last day of Luke’s 34 years is Oct 10th, but this gives the birth of Jesus one
day too late. If on the other hand we work forward from Christ’s birth on
Tabernacles, then the 34 years end on Oct 9th as MT shows on his program. He then
has to date Israel’s cut-off to Oct 9th, with the new cycle starting on Oct 10th 33 and
ending on June 11th 1933, which means the last day of Gentile favour is June 11th, and
thus they were cut off on June 11th. The events of June 12th then have to be
interpreted differently - now they simply demonstrated that the Gentiles had already
been cut off. Now AW fudged this one day problem, but MT exposed it and
reinterpreted it in the only way possible. But the problems of this interpretation are
(1) that the parallelism between the ways God dealt with Israel and the Gentiles in 33
& 1933 is lost
(namely: a final rejection of God followed by the cut-off) and much more seriously:
(2) it contradicts the account of AW concerning the events of 1933 where God clearly
marks June 12th not 11th.
*2.We expect an exact fulfilment of Daniel’s 70 Weeks starting at Nisan 1
458BC and ending at its true climax, the death and resurrection of Christ.
*3. AGREEMENT BETWEEN the 70th WEEK and its RERUN.
We expect a similar patterning of the original 70th Week to its rerun in the
Tribulation, involving a period of 3.5 years for John’s main ministry.
It was Sir Edward Denney who realised that the 70th Week (AD26-33)
would rerun at the end of the age and that it would have a similar pattern.
He saw how the Tribulation was in two 3.5 year halves and that Christ’s
ministry was 3.5 years according to John’s Gospel. He deduced John’s
ministry must have covered the first half of the 70th Week (the fact that
the Time of Messiah actually began with John’s ministry is supported
by the Gospels). Now when we get down to precise calculations,
we would expect to see an exact outworking of this principle.
The fundamental structure of the 70th Week is 7 years divided into two
halves (John and Jesus Christ). This pattern of 2 halves is repeated in the
Tribulation rerun where Elijah has a ministry of 1260 days corresponding
to the time of John the Baptist, who came in the spirit of Elijah (exactly
3.5 years on the calendar of that time which seems to parallel his original
3.5 luni-solar year ministry) followed by the antichrist’s 1260/90 days
(3.5yrs) corresponding to the ministry of Christ of 3.5yrs. As a judgment
for rejecting the prophet John and Jesus Christ, Israel must go through
a corresponding time under Israel’s false-prophet and the antichrist.
This 7 year judgement (2026-33) 2000 years (40 Jubilees) after 26-33 was fore-
shadowed by the 7 year Jewish War (Spring AD 66-Spring 73), exactly 40 years after.
This is significant as this war is described in the 70 Weeks Prophecy of Daniel 9 as a
consequence of Israel rejecting Messiah (Daniel 9:26b). Thus Daniel 9:24 gives the
overall view of the 70 Weeks, v25 gives the breakdown of the first 69 weeks leading
up to the 70th Week described as the Time of Messiah. But this time ends in apparent
failure with the Messiah not having His Kingdom yet (v26a). The 70th Week is left
blank, because it is cancelled and rerun in v27 as the Tribulation, at the end of which
Messiah must return and establish His Kingdom to fulfil the prophecy of v24.
Therefore by its very nature the Tribulation is the rerun of Daniel’s 70th Week (AD
26-33) and the two 7-year period should have much in common in their timings.
But before that, Israel comes under a more immediate judgement as a result of her
rejection of Messiah (v26b), fulfilled in that same generation in AD 66-73. Then
follows the second consequence -the Tribulation in v27. Thus there are two 7 year
judgements (one at the start of the intervening age and one at its close) corresponding
to the 7 years of grace rejected. These two judgements are clearly both connected to
the events of v26a, and to each other by the phrase: “the people of the prince to come
(antichrist).” Thus the invaders of Jerusalem in v26 (which we know were Romans in
AD 70) are the same people as the antichrist who will later invade in the Tribulation
Thus AD 66-73 (v26b) foreshadows the Tribulation of 2026-2033 (v27). Both
involve a Jewish holocaust with massive casualties. They both divide into two halves
with the 2nd half being far worse than the first half. At the mid-points the Roman
general (Vespasian) and the Roman leader (antichrist) are both made emperor (world
dictator). In both sets of 7-years Jerusalem is invaded and the Temple desecrated/
destroyed. This will happen at the half-way point in the Tribulation (v27), and it
happened soon after the half way point in AD70. Jesus in His exposition of Daniel’s
prophecy in the Olivet Discourse spoke of both of these invasions, the first resulting
in the Temple’s destruction, and the second resulting in the Temple’s desecration. In
connection with these two parallel events, He gave two similar warnings for believers
to escape Israel before it was too late. The sign for the first escape (in AD 66-73) was
Jerusalem surrounded by armies, and for the second escape (in the Tribulation) was
the Abomination of Desolation that antichrist will erect in the Temple.
Now in the Tribulation there is also a Mid-Tribulational interval between
these two halves. In particular Revelation 11 marks out 3.5 days before
the second half (the Great Tribulation begins). After Elijah completes
1260 days he is killed but is resurrected on the 4th day. In one sense his
ministry ended after 1260 days, but his final greatest witness to Israel was
3.5 days later. It would be interesting if something similar happened in
AD 29. Also the total Time of Messiah (from John to the Ascension)
must agree with what Daniel 12 etc tells us about the corresponding total
length of time of the rerun (2595 days).
Thus the two 70th Weeks (the Time of Messiah and its Tribulation rerun)
should have the same fundamental characteristics. There should be a
demonstrable repeat of the main timings of the 70th Week.
Now we know from the Tribulation 2,595 days that there are:
*Two exact 3.5 year halves with a 3.5 day interval in the middle,
with another interval at the end after the main 7 Weeks are finished.
*The Week reaches its climax on the Day of the Lord - the 2nd Coming.
*The total period that is rerun is 2,594-5 days (Note the special wording
of: “Blessed is he who comes to the 1335 days” in Daniel 12).
Moreover we know from the first run of the 70th Week, that there is a
clear second half of about 3.5 years (the ministry of Jesus), and that the
Week (7 Years) reaches its climax at the Day of the Lord’s Resurrection,
after which follows a final interval of 40 days before His Ascension.
(This tells us that the last 40 days of the 2594/5 take place after the 2nd
Coming, leaving 2554/5 = 1260+3.5+1290+1 for the 70th Week itself).
Thus the fundamental pattern we should discover repeating when the
right calendars are used is: 3.5 years-3.5 days-3.5 years (which should
also form an exact 7 years on another calendar), with these 7 years
reaching their climax with the great day of the Lord’s manifestation to set
up His Kingdom (‘the Great and Terrible Day of the Lord’ which really
means His Great and Manifest Day), thus fulfilling the 70 Weeks
Prophecy of Daniel 9:24-27. This is then followed by 40 days of
preparation before the Kingdom is officially established.
Thus we should not just expect the total number of days of the rerun
(2594/5) to repeat, but the number of days of the 70th Week itself
(leading up to the day of Christ’s glorious Manifestation) to repeat
exactly, since the 40 days after that is a distinct period of time that
follows on after the 70th Week (which by definition must be exactly 7
yrs). Thus there must be a repeat of length and structure.
Clearly it is quite a tall order to achieve all these alignments, so if we find
all these things automatically fall into place when we choose a different
year from the 354 day year, then we know we have struck gold!
One of the appeals of the AW chronology was that it seemed to achieve
some of these results with a 354 day year. However we have discussed
some reasons why it was not as successful in fulfilling Requirement *1
as it may have seemed, in that it required a number of unfounded and
even strange assumptions (sticky plaster) to even make it partly work.
Although AW got a start and end point for the 34 years (but he needed
the moon-miracle for this to work), a closer look at the intermediate time
of Jesus’ baptism and temptation shows it to be not fully satisfying.
Also Requirement 2 is not satisfied - Daniel’s 70 Weeks don’t work out
exactly on AW’s dates whatever way you choose to measure them.
Requirement 3 is only partly satisfied. Yes, AW specified 1260 days
for John until Christ’s Baptism, on the basis of the Tribulation rerun.
But then he had to have various other periods of time before His 30 th
birthday and the actual start of His ministry (thus the start of His ministry
and His 30th birthday is disconnected from His Baptism). Now MT’s
work tidied things up somewhat, and importantly he realised the need to
get and indeed got (on the DC) the same length for the total Time of
Messiah as the Tribulation rerun (2595 days - as given in Daniel 12).
Moreover with MT’s revised date for the start of the Time of Messiah, Nisan 1, AD
26 (but not with AW‘s original date) there are exactly 7 solar years to the resurrection
making a perfect 70th Week! This also means that ‘the 7 years (until the resurrection)
+ the 40 days’ pattern works. This is clearly a step forward, but we did not notice it or
its significance, because the 7 years is a solar measurement, and we did not imagine
solar years were part of the chronological system for the life of Christ and so they
were not considered relevant. In fact this fact that is revealed by MT’s improved
version (which corrected the error in the starting point, and which as a result got the
right total length of the Time of Messiah, thereby bringing this fact into focus) is
another strong indicator from God that for the Time of Messiah we should think solar!
My result of proposed version is basically similar to MT’s, but with the start and finish dates moved a
month earlier. So, although this is an oversimplification of the effect of my changes this key ‘7 solar-
year’ result is not affected by my revision. In other words, although MT’s version was not perfect, it
got close enough to reveal a genuine result that in turn points us to the final solution.
However in many ways the result was still not really satisfactory.
For example, I had noticed that it could not be right as Jesus would be
breaking the law during His Temptation by not being at Tabernacles as
commanded by God. Also His Baptism was still disconnected from His
30th birthday and ministry-start. Also in the AW chronology there is no
exact 3.5 year measurement connected with the ministry of Jesus for the
2nd half of the Tribulation. Thus we do not have a very good similarity of
pattern between the 70th week and its rerun. We can’t even get two 3.5
year halves with a mid-tribulation interval, because of the timing of the
start of Jesus ministry. The only similarity is the 1260 days of John and
we only have that by assumption. The only other positive is that through
MT’s work the total length of the Time of Messiah is correct.
In conclusion, we cannot say we have achieved a satisfying chronology
of Christ that comes close to satisfying the stated Requirements.
To understand the overall structure of Christ’s ministry, let us consider the
2 key passages in Luke upon which it must be based (in Young’s Literal):
Luke 3:21 And it came to pass, in all the people being baptised,
Jesus also being baptised, and praying, the heaven was opened,
22 and the Holy Spirit came down in a bodily appearance,
as if a dove, upon him, and a voice came out of heaven, saying,
`Thou art My Son -- the Beloved, in thee I did delight.'
23 And Jesus himself was beginning to be about thirty years of age,
being, as was supposed, son of Joseph, 24 the [son] of Eli…
The plain reading of the Gospels marks His Baptism as the definitive
start of His ministry (surely the 40 days is an important part of His
work). Moreover Luke tells us His Baptism was on His 30th birthday!
At His baptism Luke says (literally): He was beginning to be (turning)
30. The link with His birth-day is confirmed in that Luke chooses this
moment to trace His human genealogy! Why else would Luke wait
till now to talk about the origins of His birth? He is connecting His
anointing and the start of His ministry to priestly requirement in the law
of being 30. His credentials for Messianic ministry are connected to His
birth, and so Luke gives His birth information (His human descent and
time of birth), telling us He had the right pedigree and that He had just
reached the right age (30). Thus the fact that this baptismal section is all
about His BIRTH, confirms that we should take Luke literally when he
says Jesus was just becoming or turning 30 when He was baptised.
In other words, it was His 30th Birthday! Luke was making an exact
chronological statement here! Now AW also took this statement literally
as exactly 30 years, but in order to fit it into his chronology he had to
disconnect Jesus’ 30th birthday from His baptism and put it over 40 days
later. But scripture clearly connects the end of these 30 years to His
Baptism! (Luke 3:21-4:2). If we take it literally it has to mean Jesus was
baptised when He was 30! This is so obvious I can’t believe I did not see
this before, but it was MT that brought this inconsistency to my attention
and set me on the right path.
The second key passage measuring His ministry to Israel is:
Luke 13:6-9: “A certain one had a fig-tree planted in his vineyard,
and he came seeking fruit in it, and he did not find; and he said unto
the vine-dresser, Lo, 3 years I come seeking fruit in this Fig-Tree
(Israel), and do not find, cut it off, why also the ground doth it render
useless? And he answering said to him, Sir, suffer it also this year,
till that I may dig about it, and cast in dung; and if indeed it may
bear fruit; and if not so, thereafter you shall cut it off.”
When I realised that the 354 day year was wrong I naturally tried
to apply a luni-solar year to the Time of Messiah (Daniel’s 70th Week),
but I was disappointed to not find a perfect solution.
The key breakthrough was when MT pointed out that he had always felt
that a weakness of the previous models was that Jesus was not exactly 30
at His Baptism as the scriptures imply. On MT’s program, Jesus is 30
only after His 40 day temptation, and this is then taken to be the start of
His ministry (for Luke 13’s 4 years of Christ’s ministry are measured
from His 30th birthday). Thus the baptism is sidelined and is not the
central link of Christ’s chronology, whereas scripture surely marks it as
the key event (with the manifest presence of the Trinity with their
authorisation and empowerment of Christ).
The problem with the previous solutions is that: (1) the plain wording
of scripture in Luke 3 links His 30th birthday to His baptism.
(2) theologically the start of His ministry must be His baptism!
Thus a perfect solution would have Him baptised on His 30th birthday
(His birth being at Tabernacles) after John had ministered 3.5 years,
and this would initiate the start of His ministry of grace to Israel, and
after 4 years of Israel’s rejection Israel is cut off on October 10th 33AD.
Moreover Daniel’s 70 Weeks should be fulfilled at His death/resurrection.
Amazing Results when a True Solar Year is used.
Having rejected the 354 day year and failing to get anywhere with the l-s
year, I turned to consider the solar year without any great expectations.
I then noticed that with His birth on October 11th 2BC and 10th October
33AD - the date discovered by AW as the cutting off of Israel - we have
34 solar years (a perfect match with the 34 years of Luke, giving an exact
fulfilment of Luke 3 &13)! I then realised we should take the solar year
seriously. This indicates that Luke is measuring by a Solar Calendar
(and not Luni-Solar) and that the personal calendar of Jesus is probably
This makes good sense from the readers’ viewpoint as Luke was writing his Gospel to
a Roman official called ‘Theophilis.’ On a wider level, Luke was a Greek Gentile
writing a Gospel to appeal to the Gentiles (showing Jesus as the perfect man), and
measuring time in Roman (Gentile) terms (Luke 3:1), so that the reader would
naturally understand his years to be solar, in general agreement with the main Gentile
year of that time as used by the Roman Empire which was then dominant over Israel
and the world. More importantly on a theological level we know the Calendar of
Christ’s Body, the Church, is solar, so it is logical that the Calendar of the Head is
also solar. John’s Gospel seems to measure time in Gentile Roman terms (e.g. in his
day starts and references to the Feasts of the Jews) which would of course suit his
mainly Gentile readers), but I believe he is really thinking in terms of the Church
Solar Calendar with its midnight day-start. In preparation for the Gentile dominated
Church Age, God led the Gentile world into using a Solar Calendar with a midnight
day start, so that our calendar would at least be in approximate conformity with His.
Therefore it is a divinely designed coincidence that when the Gospel writers (Luke
and John) used Christ’s solar calendar, it was in many ways like the Roman Calendar
their readers would have used. Thus in naturally assuming that the writers were using
the current Roman Solar Calendar they were not being mislead. There are of course
subtle differences between the Roman Julian/Gregorian Calendars and Christ’s (and
His Church’s) true Solar Calendar, but the point stands that the Gentile readers would
have correctly understood the time references in the Gospels. It has been shown by
other usages of the word, that the insertion of ‘about’ in Luke 3:23 does not
necessarily imply a lack of precision. But it may have been added, because although
Jesus was exactly 30 at His baptism on the Messianic true solar and the Jewish luni-
solar calendar, He would have been 30 a day later on the Roman Julian Calendar.
Thus inserting ‘about’ meant that the statement was true in all 3 calendars, and that
readers assuming that Luke used the Roman year were in no way mislead!
At this point I realised that in order to have the accuracy required to
reconstruct Christ’s solar-based chronology and demonstrate its
perfection and that it fulfils all the requirements, we need to establish and
define what kind of solar year is used by God. My belief, confirmed by
the number crunching, is that there is only one candidate that God would
use: the TRUE SOLAR YEAR. The Julian and Gregorian years are
simply two human approximations. But how can we define the true solar
It became clear that its main reference points have to be the equinoxes,
and I was surprised to find that they divide the year into two unequal
halves. Vernal to Autumnal = ~186 days. Autumnal to Vernal ~179 days.
“The autumnal equinox is ‘the going out of the year’ (Exodus 23:16),
and the spring equinox, is called ‘the return of the year’ (1Kings 20:26;
2Chron 36:10 AV). The start of a solar years must be defined in relation
to the VERNAL EQUINOX (~March 21st) which defines the start of
Spring, and this has always been the case in history until the Romans
unfortunately changed it to January 1st for political reasons.
In my reading I discovered that easily the best solar year around was the
Persian year whose two halves began at the two equinoxes. The year
begins at the spring equinox and the first 6 months are 31 days, then the
next 5 months are 30 days, with the last month either 29 or 30 days.
The length of the last month was such as to start the next year at the
vernal equinox. When I saw this, I realised that this was the only
obvious way to set up a true solar year. Thus in making accurate solar
measurements it is necessary to know the exact timing of the vernal
equinox of every year. Fortunately there is accurate and not very
expensive software for this (see Hermetic systems mentioned before
and their Chinese Calendric software which also does lunar phases).
I also determined that in God’s mind this kind of Solar Calendar has been
running from Creation (although its use on earth was reserved for Time of
Christ and the Church-Age) with its days being measured from Midnight.
Therefore Luke’s time measurements for Christ should be understood
against this kind of true Solar Calendar.
The Midnight start is important for determining the day of the equinox in some years.
The Midnight start is confirmed by the fact that when this calendar came into
manifestation for the Church-Age (through Rome) 2000 years ago, it had a Midnight
start, and John’s Gospel and Acts also put God’s seal upon Midnight. I believe that
the ultimate reason for Midnight is that this Calendar is calibrated to when the DC
moved to it at the Resurrection (the details of this will have to wait, but I am not
implying by this that I believe in a Midnight resurrection, but that the time changes in
the DC during Christ’s death and burial, effectively changed the DC day start from
8am to Midnight). Based on this calibration in AD33, this solar calendar must have
had a midnight day-start throughout time (God being outside time). Thus God started
this calendar at creation with a midnight day-start, so that when the DC would start
operating according to it (at the resurrection) it would be correctly aligned.
In summary, the solar year used by God is tied to the vernal equinox,
has a midnight day start and is calibrated to the key events of the life of
Christ. Time periods may sometimes differ by a day from the Gregorian
measure, according to the timings of the vernal equinoxes in the years
concerned. That is, the extra (366th) day happens on different years on a
true solar calendar than a Gregorian. This is revealed in the fact that the
Vernal equinox can be on the 20th or 21st March on the Gregorian
Calendar. The year-start is tied to the Vernal Equinox (it must be a fixed
number of days after it) and the second half of the year must start 186
days later at about the time of the autumnal equinox (intercalated days are
only at the end of the year, not half way through the year).
It strikes me how similar this Persian style solar calendar feels to Israel’s
original luni-solar calendar: in being tied to the vernal equinox, in having
a consistent month pattern, and in having an occasional intercalated day
at the end of the year that is added in order to start the next year at the
right time. The same Designer!
Now we are ready to show how well Christ’s life works on this Calendar:
1. Jesus was born on the Feast of Tabernacles 2BC, October 11th.
2. His 30th Birthday on both the Luni-Solar & True Solar Calendars
was October 10th 29AD! Thus Jesus was baptised on His 30th birthday,
which was also the first day of the Feast of Tabernacles, fulfilling the type
of the Dedication of Solomon’s Temple, which is as we would expect.
Tabernacles signifies God’s indwelling of man, so what Divine event
(apart from His birth) has more connection to fulfilling Tabernacles?
This is why in John’s Gospel as Christ’s ministry begins, the focus is on
Christ being the true Spirit-filled Temple (1:32,33,43-51, 2:13-22, 4:20-
3. This means Jesus’ ministry was exactly 3.5 luni-solar years!
4. Jesus then had 7 days of priestly consecration at the Temple,
in fulfilment of the law (as AW discerned in Leviticus 8:33-35).
Now we can see that this was during the Feast of Tabernacles, so He also
fulfilled this Feast, whereas in the AW chronology He could not, because
He was being tempted in the wilderness. These 7 days would probably
start the next day and finish at the end of the 8th day of Tabernacles.
Then after these 7 days, He entered the 40 day Temptation (note the
parallel with the 7 days of Creation week, followed by the 40 days).
5. Jesus’ Baptism is also on 15/1 on Jesus’ personal solar Calendar
(JC). This is significant as it prefigures His death, burial, resurrection and anointing
in 33 which all take place on 15/1 on the Divine Calendar. The basis for this is that I
have started His personal Calendar at Divine Trumpets 2BC, so that its first month
starts at the start of the 7th month in the DC (which was then 10 hours behind CC),
that is at 8am. In this way His Calendar (JC) starts in phase with the DC (with both
DC and JC starting a new month together at 8am and continuing to have day-starts at
8am). It seems certain to me that the JC must be in line with the DC rather than the
CC, because of the unity of the Father and Son. Thus initially (1,7) on DC = (1,1) on
JC. Now the precedent for this is at the Exodus when the identical thing happened
when the l-s calendar of Israel was introduced (at her national birth) alongside the
existing Gentile Calendar. Notice the Israel Calendar was not started at her birth on
the 15th, but 14 days before at the start of the month, such that (1,1) on the new
calendar is (1,7) on the previous calendar. So I suggest that the Calendar of Jesus,
the King of Israel, is introduced just before His birth in the same way that the
Calendar of Israel was introduced just before her birth at the Exodus, with the same
kind of sychronisation with its companion that had already been in operation (Israel &
Gentile, Father (DC) & Son (JC). If this is acceptable then we find the amazing result
that all the events of His death and resurrection take place on the Day of Atonement
(10/7) on His personal Calendar! Thus the Book of Hebrews is correct in saying the
Day of Atonement has been fulfilled! It had always been a problem to me that while
the events of the Day of Atonement formed the main Type of Christ‘s death and
resurrection, on no calendar did these events happen on the Day of Atonement (10,7).
The events of the Day were fulfilled by Christ, but not the Day itself, which is
inconsistent with how God generally fulfils the feasts on their actual day (for by their
very nature they are time-markers and sign-posts). But now I see that most
appropriately the Day of Atonement was fulfilled on Christ’s personal calendar.
I believe that this result verifies the way I have set up the Jesus Calendar.
*If Jesus was baptised at 8am on this day, then it was when He was
exactly 30 in true solar and luni-solar terms, and the close of 15/1 JC!
6. We have an exact fulfilment of Luke’s 30 years and 4 years,
running from His birth (Oct 11) to the cutting off of Israel (Oct 10th)!
Luke 3:23 tells us His Baptism is on His 30th birthday. Thus this scripture
actually covers a total time-span of 30 years and 1 day (from His Birth
to His Baptism) Luke 13 covers a time span of exactly 4 years.
Therefore together they cover 34 years and one day, so that the final day
would have been His 34th birthday (Tabernacles on a solar calendar
calibrated to His birth). I believe He gave a second chance to Israel in the
141 days from Pentecost (implied in Luke 13 by the special efforts made
in the 4th year to cultivate the fig-tree) and theoretically on this final day
He would have manifested Himself at Tabernacles as their King. I
believe that His ‘standing at the right hand of God’ at Stephen’s death
(rather than sitting which is His posture throughout this age) indicates
that He was ready to return to earth at that time as Israel’s Saviour-King.
However instead on this day (Oct 10th) they were cut off.
Now although some translations say Jesus was 30 when He began His
ministry, it literally says He was ‘beginning to be 30’ when He was
baptised, in other words on His 30th birthday. I believe this means
His ministry officially began on the next day, October 11th, with His
7 days of consecration. Luke 13 says that after He had completed 3 years
of this ministry, Israel had exactly one more year before being cut off.
4 true solar years from October 11th AD 29 end on October 10th
AD33, the date for the cutting off of Israel, that follows from AW’s
discernment of June 12th 1933 as the cutting off of the Gentiles after
another 1960 Gentile years. This solves the problem highlighted before,
that arose with the 354 day year, namely the Oct 9th cut off of Israel
leading to a June 11th 1933 cut off of the Gentiles in contradiction to
AW’s claims of God’s leadings at the time. If however it is thought that
the day of Christ’s baptism is also the first day of His ministry and the
4 years, then we get the 4 years ending again on Oct 9th (as on MT’s
program) but this leads us to the same inconsistency as before.
Therefore after much thought I believe the interpretation set forth above
is the correct one.
Thus Luke 3 & 13 give us two precise time measurements that fit
together perfectly and exactly span His whole life and ministry of favour
to Israel from His birth to their cutting off. Moreover they connect
together at His Baptism and the start of His ministry!
Therefore I submit Requirement 1 is well and truly fulfilled! Now
we turn to the Requirement 2 - a satisfying fulfilment of the 70 Weeks.
2. Daniel’s 70 Weeks fulfilled exactly!
Only on this system do we have an exact fulfilment of Daniel’s 70 Weeks.
490 l-s years end 13 days before the Cross implying the Daniel’s 70
Weeks are not purely measured in l-s years. Nisan 1 26 AD is on April
5th. This is the start of the 70th Week (naturally the first 69 Weeks are
measured on Israel’s Luni-Solar Calendar). However, as we have seen the
Time of Messiah (Christ) is SOLAR. There are 483 years ‘until Messiah’
but once the Time of Messiah has come it is appropriate that Messiah’s
solar takes precedence over Israel’s l-s as far as the chronology of the
70th Week is concerned. Now if anyone is concerned that this means
that the 70th Week is measured in a different way from the other 69
Weeks, then a look at the rerun of the 70th Week in the Tribulation will
put this worry to rest. For Daniel and Revelation make it clear that the
calendar of this 70th Week is the 360-day judgement calendar (it is based
on ‘Times’ of 12 months of 30 days each, making 360 days) which is
manifestly different from the l-s calendar of the 69 Weeks. Thus
scripture tells us plainly that the 70th Week is measured on a different
calendar than the 69 weeks because of its special nature and purpose.
Now 7 True Solar years from April 5th AD26 end on April 3rd AD33,
the day of the resurrection! On this day, had Israel received Him,
He would have manifested Himself in glory as their King to establish His
Kingdom. Thus the 70 Weeks would have been literally fulfilled this day.
We have an exact fulfilment of the 70 Weeks ending at the Resurrection!
The 70 Weeks also have an exact true solar fulfilment
from Nisan 1 458BC (April 2nd) to Christ’s death (April 1st).
Although it is exactly 490 Gregorian years, it is actually the true solar 490th
anniversary. But perhaps this is really an exact solar measurement from when the
Decree was made to a key moment on the day of the Cross (8am-3pm). Also if this
was a measurement on the DC it could be seen as ending at the resurrection.
There is of course another way 490 years are fulfilled (which works
as before). The Time of Messiah is not a full dispensational change and
so I believe the Redemption Chronology continued with luni-solar
years. Thus there are 490 years of RC that run from 15/1 458BC-14/1/33.
Thus 490 years on RC end at the Cross as before. Again, since the RC is
probably related to the DC rather than the CC, this 490-Year Redemption
Cycle actually finishes on the Day of the Resurrection as well (because of
the almost 2 days of unreckoned time at that time).
Thus the end of 4000 years (4 DAYS) on the RC is April 3rd AD33 (the day of the
resurrection) and the next day (April 4th) is the start of the new Redemption Cycle and
the next DAY of 1000 years. (In order for the 2000 years to end at Tabernacles 2033
there must be about 6 months of unreckoned time between 33 & 2033).
Thus we see that by using true solar for the 70th Week we have an exact
fulfilment of Daniel’s 70 Weeks at Christ’s Death and Resurrection.
Thus Requirement 2 is satisfied!
This leaves us to see if Requirement 3 is satisfied - do we have a
satisfying patterning of the 70th Week which agrees with what we know
about its rerun in the Tribulation? In my work on the 7 TIMES of
the Gentiles (see www.oxfordbiblechurch.co.uk) I deduced the exact
patterning of the 7 Times of the Tribulation (1260+3.5/4+30+1260 days)
before I had even considered the solar aspect of the Time of Messiah.
This also agreed with a similar pattern in the historical 7 Times of Gentile Dominion
(which corresponds to the 7 Times of the Tribulation, with years instead of days, as
discerned by Gratten Guinness). Parallels include the desecration of the Temple at the
midpoint (Dome of the Rock), and an interval of 30+3.5 days/years that is not
reckoned as part of the 7 Times (2520). The 33.5 days at Mid-Tribulation correspond
exactly to the 33.5 years of Christ (and both sets of 3.5 years end with a death,
resurrection and ascension). 33.5 years is an exact measure of the Life of Christ in
luni-solar years! Even the breakdown into 30+3.5 is exact with His Baptism on His
30th birthday at Tabernacles and His death 3.5 years later at Passover, and His
Ascension soon after. By taking this time of the King’s Presence (33.5 years) as
unreckoned in the Times of the Gentiles I show why the Times of the Gentiles
actually ended in 1948 and 1967 rather than 1914 and 1933. The exact calculation
that demonstrates why these 7 Times ended on the precise days that they did will have
to wait for another Paper.
Therefore it was a great confirmation to me when I saw how well the
patterning of the two 70th Weeks now matched. First of all let us
construct the chronology of the Tribulation from the available data.
Daniel 9:24,27 tell us that the Tribulation lasts a Week (7 years) and that
at its close, Christ will have returned to fulfil the prophecies, destroy
antichrist, consecrate the Temple and establish His Kingdom on earth-
v24. The Week begins with antichrist and Israel making covenant and
ends with him being destroyed by Christ at His Second Coming. At the
middle of the Week, antichrist breaks covenant, invades Jerusalem and
desecrates the Temple (we will see that this all takes place during a mid-
tribulation interval of 3.5 days of unreckoned time). The Temple
desecration/desolation marks the opening of the second half of the
Tribulation. The desolation of the Temple will continue until the end of
the Week when judgement is poured out on the desolator at the Return of
Daniel 11:45 describes antichrist’s invasion of Israel at mid-tribulation.
Daniel 12:1 announces that the Great Tribulation will then begin, but that
God would provide a way of escape for the Jewish believers with the help
of Michael (this is explained in more detail in Matthew 24:15-21,
Revelation 12). In Christ’s commentary on Daniel, He says that the Great
Tribulation will start when they see the Abomination put in the Temple
(Matthew 24:15,21) and at that moment they are to flee for God will
provide a way of escape for them. Revelation 12 describes Michael’s
intervention to restrain and cast down satan at this time, and that the
remnant (the woman) escape to a place where they are kept safe until
Christ’s Return after another 3.5 Times (Revelation 11 covers the first
half of the Tribulation and the 3.5 day interval. Then the 7th Trumpet is
blown (11:15) and then Revelation 12,13 describe the events of the
second half (the Great Tribulation). From the context the remaining time
references in Daniel 12 (v7,11,12) relate to the second-half of the
Tribulation, giving us more detail.
1. The First Half:
The 2 witnesses minister in the Temple for 1260 days (Rev 11:3).
Meanwhile the Gentiles control the outer court for 42 months (Rev 11:2).
(Clearly a year with 12 30 day months is being used). This period is
ended by antichrist killing the 2 witnesses and capturing the Temple.
There is then a 3.5 day interval while festivities go on celebrating the
death of the 2 witnesses before they are resurrected on TV (Revelation
11:9-11). It is only after their resurrection that the 7th Trumpet is blown
in response to the Abomination (Rev 11:13-15) - which initiates the Great
Tribulation (Matthew 24:15,21). Thus the antichrist must desecrate the
Temple at the end of the 3.5 day mid-tribulational interval. Daniel 9:27 tells
us that at the mid-point of the Week (after the first 3.5 years) antichrist breaks the
covenant and takes control of the Temple. He then sets up the Abomination, which
Jesus said in Matthew 24:15-21 marked the start of the Great Tribulation (the second
half of Daniel’s 70th week). The mid-tribulation interval is thus defined as the time
from antichrist’s invasion to when he puts up the Abomination. In Revelation 11:9
this time-period is given as 3.5 days.
2. The Second Half (the Great Tribulation):
The Remnant flee and are then kept safe for 1260 days (Rev 12:6).
The Remnant flee and are then kept safe for 3.5 Times (Rev 12:14).
Antichrist is given authority as world-dictator for 42 months (Rev 13:5).
The antichrist will speak against God and persecute the saints
for 3.5 Times (a Time, Times and half a Time) (Daniel 7:25, 12:7).
Clearly these all refer to the same period of time of 3.5 Times = 42
months =1260 days and therefore a Time by definition is made up of 12
months of 30 days =360 days. The starting point for this period of time
is when antichrist achieves full world-dominion. The end point has to be
the Second Coming of Christ when He destroys the antichrist.
From this information we might assume the Great Tribulation lasts 1260
days. However Daniel 12:11 also describes a 1290 day period covering
the time of antichrist, in terms of the total time the Temple is desecrated.
Daniel 9:27 tells us that this desecration happens at mid-Tribulation (in
the midst of the Week, that is during the mid-tribulation interval) and
ends when judgement is poured out on the antichrist at the end of the 70th
Week when Christ returns (Revelation 19). Daniel 9:24 also tells us that
the desecration must end and the Temple area re-consecrated to God at
the end of the 70th Week at Christ’s Return. It is impossible to imagine
and also against these clear scriptures to say that the Temple remains
defiled for some days after Christ’s Return. Therefore both the 1290 and
the 1260 days end at the same time, the Return of Christ. This tells us
that the Great Tribulation is 1290 days long, and that the Temple
Desecration is 30 dys before the 1260 dys of antichrist’s world dominion
begins. Thus there is a 30 day period in which the remnant flees to safety
and antichrist establishes world-power and his mark of the beast system.
Daniel 12:11 tells us that the time of the Abomination desecration is 1290 days, which
as Jesus confirmed is precisely the Great Tribulation, which is cut short (ended) by
the Second Coming. Daniel 9:24-27 also confirms that the desecration of antichrist
must end at the close of the 70th Week. Daniel 12:7 breaks the 1290 days into 30d
+1260d. Antichrist is given 1260 days of world dominion. Therefore there is an
initial 30 days (Rev 12,13) during which he quickly gains world-power, the remnant
escape, and he sets up his mark of the beast system. Antichrist must desecrate the
Temple 30 days before his world-dictatorship of 1260 days is established, for the
1260d and 1290d must clearly both end at the Second Coming. Now so far we have
accounted for all 2594/5 days except for a final 41 days (see Dan 12:12) which must
include the 1 day of His 2nd Coming and the 40 days after that before the Kingdom
How are we to think of these 30+1260 days (30 days +3.5 Times)?
If this 360-day calendar is solar(and it is) then it would have an inter-
calated month every 6 years, in which time it would have slipped 31.5
days. Therefore there would be an intercalated month of 30 or 31 days
during the Great Tribulation (I believe the better solution is 31 days).
This means that either the 1290 days of the Great Tribulation or the 1291
days (the 1290 days of the Great Tribulation + the 1 Day of the Lord’s
Return) are exactly 3.5 Years on this calendar! I proceed assuming a
31 day extra month. (Do not confuse a Time with a Year, since a Time is
always 360 days. The Years of this Calendar are usually Times, but
when it has an extra month, a Year is 391 days, that is: a Time + 31 days).
Finally Daniel 12:12 talks about believers (only) coming to the 1335 th
day. The best solution for this longer measurement is to take it as
measuring the extreme end-points of the time-period under discussion.
The start-point is the invasion of antichrist at the end of the first 1260
days (Daniel 11:45), which is the start of the mid-tribulation interval.
This makes the total time period under discussion to be 2594/5 days.
We have already accounted for 1260 days (the first 3.5 years)
+ 3.5 days (the mid-tribulation interval) +1290 days (the Great
Tribulation) + 1 day (the Day of the Lord’s Return).
This makes a total of 2554.5 days which leaves 40 days unaccounted for.
These 40 days must be after the Second Coming. They must tell us the
length of the time interval before the Kingdom is officially established
(in which there are preparations, including resurrections and judgements,
for the coming age). This explains why only the blessed (believers) make
it to this 1335th day, for the rest (the cursed) are removed from the earth in
the sheep and goats judgement during the 40 dys (Matt25:34,41)
This agrees perfectly with the corresponding 40 days of preparation that
formed the epilogue of the first 70th Week (the day after the resurrection
to the ascension). Thus the Time of Messiah mentioned in Daniel 9:25,
which is measured from John’s Baptism to the Ascension (Acts 1:21,22),
consists of the 70th Week itself (up to and including the resurrection-day)
followed by an epilogue of 40 days. This pattern is repeated in the rerun,
which consists of the 70th Week (up to and including the day of Christ’s
Return) followed by an epilogue of 40 days before the Kingdom starts.
Thus we have a total of 2594.5 days for the Tribulational 70th Week
(+epilogue), which is broken into sections. The main sections are two
3.5 year halves of 1260 days and 1291 days (1260 +an intercalated
month) with a 3.5 day mid-tribulation interval between them.
The 1291 days are the 1290 days of the Great Tribulation plus the one day
of the 2nd Coming which closes out the 70th Week. Finally there
is a 40 day epilogue, making in total 2594.5 days which takes us to the
official start of the Kingdom on the 2595th day, or the 1335th day after
the end of the first half of the Tribulation (Daniel 12:12).
Actually the original 70th Week is exactly 7 solar years (2556 days) on the CC,
but only 2554.3 days on the DC. It is rerun on the DC starting at about 10am and
ending about 6pm on the Day of Christ’s Return. After this, there is the final 40 days
until the Kingdom officially begins (at about noon). Fuller explanation and
justification of these (provisional) detailed timings will be in another paper.
It seems that the 360 day judgement calendar (12*30) is basically solar
and so it needs an intercalated month every 6 years to keep it in line with
the seasons. Therefore there is an extra month added in the Great
Tribulation and this is even revealed by Daniel 12:7,11. Thus the second
half of the 70th Week which is 1291 days long (the Great Tribulation+ the
Day of the Second Coming) is also 3.5 years exactly. The 70 th Week is
therefore made up of 3.5 years +(3.5 days)+ 3.5 years. It would seem that
the 3.5 days are unreckoned on the chronology of the final 70th Week so
that it is reckoned in its own right as exactly 7 years (as well as being the
exact rerun on the DC of the exact 7 solar years of the original 70 thWeek)
The reason we are told 3.5 days is clearly to indicate a specific hour
change in the day by which we should measure. We obviously need this
information to measure accurately and it will not work properly if we
round it up or down to 3 or 4 days. This means we will have to work to
the hour to get it right. Since the original measurement of Daniel’s 70th
Week was from 6pm (10 hours into the day on the DC) and since the
rerun is governed by the DC (which I found was necessary to make the
rerun equal in length, a conclusion also made by MT, for on the CC his
Time of Messiah is 2 days longer than the 2595 days) the first 1260 days
of the Tribulation and the ministry of the 2 witnesses should also start 10
hours into the day on the DC (which now starts at midnight), namely at
10am. (I must admit I only came to this after a good deal of trial and
error of other possibilities). The 2 witnesses are therefore killed at 10am
and rise and ascend after 3.5 days at 10pm. Shortly after, at midnight,
antichrist desecrates the Temple with the Abomination and his
enthronement in the Temple, which is also the moment of the 7th Trumpet
(God‘s response). These extra 2 hours at the end of the 3.5 days
correspond exactly (in the historical 7 Times where a day=a year) in
proportion to the 40 days of Christ after His resurrection and ascension,
before sitting on His Father‘s throne instead of David‘s throne
(in the holy of holies), followed by the anointing of His new Temple (the
Church) at Pentecost soon after. Moreover we will find that there is an
exact counter-correspondence to this desecration of the Temple with the
anointing of God’s Temple (Christ) at His Baptism at 8am, at exactly the
same point (moment) mid-way through the initial 70th Week! Therefore
the Great Tribulation (of 1290 days) begins and ends at midnight with the
2nd Coming of Christ and the opening of the Great Day of the Lord‘s
Manifestation, which Matthew 25:6 says is at Midnight!
Now the prophets say that there will be a Blackout just before the
Second Coming of Christ (Isaiah 13:10, Ezekiel 32:7,Joel 2:31).
This is an obvious repeat of the Blackout at the close of the 70th Week in
AD33. At that time the DC was suspended, suggesting something similar
will happen again. This time it is the CC that will stop (I believe for 30
hrs) while God again stops the sun and moon, this time for the Greater
than Joshua! (Hab 3:11).
The result will be to synchronise the DC & CC (Israel) for the Millennium (the DC
goes from +10 (Hezekiah) to -30 (Death & Burial of Christ) to 0 (2nd Coming)
relative to the CC). Amos 8:9 speaks of the sun going dark at NOON. The context
shows this is a prophecy that was primarily fulfilled on the day of the Cross, as it then
goes on to describe the spiritual famine that would come upon Israel. However, since
the Tribulation is a repeat of AD26-33 and since both Seven-Year periods have a time
of supernatural darkness near their close, this could also be a hint that the future
Blackout will also start close to noon, although we can’t be dogmatic about that.
My discovery of a full lunar eclipse on Tabernacles 2033 (see later) indicates it will
probably be shortly after noon, for the eclipse enters its full phase at 12.30pm
Jerusalem time (see Rev 6:12). Thus the Blackout will start soon after noon
(probably between 12.30-2pm) while the whole moon is blood-red. (The blood-red
will also be enhanced by the smoke from the recent destruction of Babylon in
Revelation 18). The Lord will return a few hours later, at the close of the Tribulation
(at the end of antichrist’s 1260th day) and at the opening of the new day, the Great and
Manifest Day of the Lord. Therefore He will appear at Midnight (Matthew 25:6).
Zechariah 14:6,7 tells us that this will be a unique day, when the sun, moon and stars
will not shine, for the only light will be the glory of the Lord. Therefore they will not
shine for some hours (about 12) on the last day of the Tribulation, and also for most of
the Day of the Lord’s Return.
Zechariah 14:7 then tells us when they start shining again: “But at evening time it
shall happen that it will be light.” This implies that in the evening the sun, moon
and stars will resume their normal service, except that it won’t be twilight or dark as
you might expect, but bright (as if during the day). This confirms that not only were
they darkened for this time, but that they were also stopped by the Lord. This would
be a suitable demonstration of His glory, where the heavenly bodies visibly bow and
submit before His glory (as the King enters they show respect by not only being
silent, but also by not moving). Also His fighting the armies of antichrist at the battle
of Armageddon to save His covenant-partners (Israel) will then perfectly fulfil the
Type of Joshua (Jesus) coming quickly to save his (unworthy) covenant-partners
(Gibeon) when they called upon him, when he commanded the sun and moon to stand
still until all his enemies (who had come against Gibeon in order to destroy them)
were destroyed. This would mean that the CC will be stopped, but the DC will
continue because of His personal Presence (it is the Day of the Lord). Let us say that
the natural lights are both stopped and subdued at 12.30pm on the day before the
Lord’s Return. After 30 hrs it will be evening time (6.30pm) on the next day, the
Great and Manifest Day of the Lord. At this time God will turn them back on, and let
them resume their motion. Although it is evening, their position in the sky will be as
if it were about midday, just as Zechariah predicts! The day of the Lord ends at
midnight 5.5 hours later (which is 6pm on the CC-Israel). Hence the DC and CC day-
starts will be synchronised again at 6pm (sunset) as would be required for the
Now a more sophisticated version would take into account that the actual difference between the DC
and CC since the resurrection only averages 6 hours by our definition of an hour (Midnight and sunset)
but really varies through the year. That is, it is really a HALF-NIGHT. A more biblical definition of
an hour may be “are there not 12 hours in a day?”, in other words it is 1/12th of the time from sunrise to
sunset (likewise for the night hours). On this definition there are always 6 hrs from sunset to midnight,
from midnight to sunrise, from sunrise to noon and from noon to sunset. Then the difference between
the DC and CC is a constant half-night (6 bible-hours). Now to synchronise the DC and CC the sun
and moon would have to stop for 24hrs + a half-night. Now on October 8th sunset is 5.30pm and in our
hours the night was then 13hrs and the day 11hrs. A half-night is 6.5 of our hours and so the sun must
stop for 30.5 hrs. Thus it stops from (say) 12.30pm and restarts at 7pm the next-day. 5 hours later it is
the end of the day on the DC (midnight) and 5.30pm on the CC with the sun setting. Thus it is also the
day-end of the CC. Therefore the next day starts at this moment in both the DC and CC (Israel) and
it is the first day after the end of the 70 Weeks (October 10 th, 2033) - which is Christ’s birthday,
and exactly 2 DAYS (2000 years) after Israel was cut off on Oct 10th AD33 fulfilling Hosea 6:1,2
to the day !
When Jesus describes the Great Tribulation (Matthew 24:15-28) He says
it will be cut short (ended) by His Second Coming as lightning from the
east (as He goes from Jordan (Petra) to Israel). He then confirms that
right at the end of the Tribulation there will be a total Blackout (Matthew
24:29, Mark 13:24,25) and then He will appear in glory (Matthew 24:30)
Note that ‘after’ in “immediately after the Tribulation” is ‘meta’ (more often
translated as ‘with’) which allows the interpretation, which is also dictated by the
context, of “right at the close of the Tribulation” (c.f. Jesus was resurrected ‘after
(meta) 3 days’ can be shown to be equivalent to ‘on the 3rd day’ by comparing
Gospels. Thus it was not after 3 days were completed but on the 3rd day.
Likewise the Blackout is not after the end of the Tribulation, but it comes
immediately before its end or at its end, that is, it brings it to its close. The 70th Week
however ends a day later, because it must include the Day of the Lord’s Return -
Daniel 9:24. The Bible describes the Blackout as ending the Tribulation and as
coming before the great Day of the Lord which concludes the 70th Week. Thus the
70th Week =
The 7-Year Tribulation + the Great and Terrible (Manifest) Day of the Lord).
Thus the closing hours of the Tribulation are a total Blackout, from soon
after midday to midnight when the Lord appears in glory. Joel 2:31 and
Acts 2:20 confirm this by saying that the moon shall be turned to blood
and the sun to darkness just before the great and manifest Day of the
Lord. This double astronomical sign in the sun and moon is confirmed by
Luke 21:25 and Rev 6:12. This means we should expect another lunar
eclipse (when the earth’s shadow causes the moon to turn blood-red)
about the same time as the supernatural darkness (just as happened on the
day of the Cross). Also Revelation 6:12 tells us it must be a total eclipse
(unlike the one in AD 33). This time the total eclipse would have to
appear before the Blackout for obvious reasons. Our model (as discussed
above) requires it to take place within a couple of hours of noon.
Thus for Joel’s prophecy to be fulfilled, on the day before the Return
of Christ, at about noon, there must be a natural total lunar eclipse,
followed by the supernatural darkness, which is only broken by the glory
of the Lord when He returns, when this last day of the Tribulation closes.
This will then be an exact repeat of the 2 astronomical signs that
happened at the same point at the close of the first 70th Week, as we
would expect, seeing that this future 70th Week is a rerun (repeat) of the
first 70th Week. Thus one clear improvement of the revised chronology is
that in many ways it reveals a better correspondence between the two
runs of the 70th Week. One example of this is the double fulfilment of Joel
2:31 (in the sun and moon) just before the 70th Week closes with the
manifestation of Christ, that we only get through having April 1st as the
day of the Cross.
VERIFIED! Now when I realised all of this, I also realised that this
provides a test for any date for the Second Coming, since lunar eclipses
are natural and predictable (and God has ordained the sun and moon to be
used as signs for special events - Genesis 1:14). Now being aware of
Hosea 5:15-6:3, and the fact that 6000 Redemption years end in 2033
(2000 years from AD 33, when the 4000 years ended) I have believed for
some time that if we are right in understanding God’s structure of time
then 2033 should be the year of the Second Coming (unless there is some
unreckoned time we don‘t know about). I therefore went to the first day
of Tabernacles 2033 (October 8th) on my www.stellarium.org astronomy
program, believing He must fulfil Tabernacles (the final Feast celebrating
the climax of Redemption, God dwelling with and in man, which is also
His birth and baptism day) at His appearing in glory to reign upon earth.
Since then I realised that since a lunar eclipse can only happen at a
full moon at the middle of a l-s month, and since scripture clearly
tells us there is a lunar eclipse just before His Return, then it follows
He must return at Tabernacles (rather than at Trumpets or Atonement),
if (as He surely will) He fulfils a Fall Feast at His Second Coming.
As I focused on the moon on October 8th Tabernacles 2033,
I was amazed as I watched the moon start to turn red (as the umbral phase
began) at 11.30am Jerusalem time. As time went on the whole moon was
covered by with the earth’s shadow, turning blood-red (a total eclipse).
This will last from 12.30-1.50pm, satisfying all the requirements for the
eclipse connected with the Lord’s Return! Now October 8th is Tabernacles on
the CC and the next day of His Return (Oct 9th) is Tabernacles on the DC. But since
the CC is stopped soon after midday and restarts after about 30 hours, it is still
Tabernacles on the CC for the Day of the 2nd Coming! The Day of Tabernacles on
both the DC and CC closes at the same time (as the 2 calendars are synchronised) at
the end of the great and manifest Day of the Lord (midnight).
Let us now continue seeing how well the parallel patterning between
the two 70 Weeks works on the revised chronology. First we need to
deduce the chronology of the Tribulation, and then see how well our
revised chronology of the Time of Messiah (based on a solar calendar)
agrees with it. Now I had previously done this independently from any
attempt to make it agree with a solar calendar for Christ and recorded it
in my ‘7 TIMES of the Gentiles’ article. The only modification I now
introduce to my previous work is to take the 3.5 days in the middle
literally instead of rounding it up to 4 days. (The parallel outworking to
the historical Times of the Gentiles also works better thinking like this,
and it also gives us the correct end-dates in 1948 and 1967 of the Times
of the Gentiles, but the explanation of this must wait for another paper).
Therefore I will now assume my work on the Tribulation is valid, so that
I can demonstrate in detail how well it works now. If however the reader
doesn’t accept the exact way I combine the data in Daniel and Revelation
to recreate the Tribulation he will still be able to see that a solar measure
of the Time of Messiah leads to a satisfactory parallel patterning to the
Tribulation, although I believe it won’t work quite as well! I believe in
turn this patterning-fit will validate my work on the 7 TIMES.
I deduced that the structure that works best on every level is:
1. 1260 days - the first half (the ministry of Moses & Elijah, Rev 11:2,3)
2. A 3.5 day interval before antichrist’s 3.5 years (Revelation 11:9, the
time of the witnesses’ death and resurrection). It is at midnight after these
3.5 days that the Abomination is set up in the Temple, the 7th Trumpet
blows and the Great Tribulation begins. So this starts a major new phase.
3. 30 days before antichrist establishes world-power.
In this time the remnant escape to Petra (Bozrah).
4. 1260 days of antichrist’s world dictatorship.
*Together the 30 days and 1260 days are 1290 days-the Great Tribulation
5. 1 Day, the Second Coming, the Great and Terrible Day of the Lord.
*This closes the 70th Week. The 1290 days together with this final Day
make 1291 days or exactly 3.5 years of 360 days each, with one extra
intercalated month of 31 days (this is the second half of the 70 th Week).
The remaining time (40 days) is an epilogue to the 70th Week.
6. 40 days preparations until the Kingdom Age officially starts. The 33.5
solar years of Christ in the 7 TIMES of years (corresponding to the 33.5 days of the
middle of the 7 TIMES of days - the Tribulation) also confirms that the 33.5 years of
Christ were unreckoned in the 7 Times of the Gentiles (because of the Presence of the
King) bringing the end of these Times of Gentile Dominion to: 1914+34= 1948,
1933+34= 1967. The exact calculation of this will have to wait (it does work!).
For now think of the 34 years as the 33.5 years as being rounded up to 34 years. Had
these been 34 ‘354 day’ years = 33 solar years, this wonderful result would not work
So to agree with the final 70th Week the Time of Messiah should ideally
be about 2594.5 days long with two exact 3.5 year halves corresponding
to the ministries of John the Baptist and Jesus Christ, with an interval
between them of 3.5 days, the final day being a climactic Day of Christ’s
manifestation (heralded by darkened sun and bloody moon) ready to set
up His Kingdom, and then a final 40 days preparation for the new era.
1. Now AW correctly discerned that there should be a correspondence
between the two 70 Weeks, and on that basis made John‘s ministry to be
1260 days. But this was a mistake. Clearly the exact breakdown of the
two 70th Weeks when measured in days must differ since they have
different calendars in operation! The correspondence must surely be in
YEARS -thus John’s initial ministry must be 3.5 years (half of the 7
years). In the Tribulation JUDGEMENT calendar 3.5 years is 1260 days,
but this calendar does not govern the time of John’s ministry of grace!
It’s not appropriate to measure John’s ministry by the Tribulation
Calendar. So Elijah’s initial ministry in the OT was 3.5 luni-solar years,
John’s initial Messianic ministry was 3.5 Solar years and Elijah’s initial
end-time ministry is 3.5 judgement years! The correspondence to the 3.5
judgement years of the ministry of Moses & Elijah is 3.5 true solar years
of John. John’s initial ministry is thus 3.5 true solar years. Now to
calculate 3.5 true solar years from April 5th AD26, it is necessary to know
the vernal equinoxes for AD 26 & 29, and then to add the half year of 186
days as previously explained. Then the 3.5 true solar years of John’s
initial ministry ends on the 6th Oct AD 29, 4 days before His Baptism!
2. In the Tribulation at this point, antichrist invades Jerusalem and kills
the 2 witnesses (at 10am, if the 70th Week starts at 10am, as mentioned
previously), thus ending their initial ministry, but actually the climax of
their ministry was to be in exactly another 3.5 days with their
resurrection, a confirming sign of their preaching of Christ in the Temple,
even a type of His resurrection after 3 days. At this same time in the
original 70th Week, Jesus would have presented Himself to John as the
Lamb of God, typically setting himself apart 4 days before His typical
death, burial and resurrection at His Baptism (which was to be performed
by John). During this time I believe John would have stopped His public
ministry, and Jesus would have abided with John, having a time of
fellowship together (referenced in John 3:26), which explains John’s deep
insights about Christ being the Lamb of God that he declares when Jesus
appears after the Temptation (John 1:29-36) as well as his teaching in
In any case we have the same pattern as in the Tribulation: An initial
‘Elijah ministry’ of 3.5 years, followed by a 3.5 day interval (7th-10th
October 33). In both cases, after 3.5 days there is a Divine Intervention
(declaring and confirming Christ’s resurrection from the dead) when
Jesus is baptised at about 8am (corresponding to the resurrection of the 2
witnesses). The resurrection of the 2 witnesses after 3.5 days corresponds
to Christ’s resurrection after 3.5 years of ministry, when comparing the
year/day fulfilment of the 7 Times prophecy. (There are 3 parallel
fulfilments to compare, two in ‘days’ and one in ‘years‘. I will eventually
make some parallel diagrams for all of this that will make it easier to see)
Now Jesus’ Baptism (the Temple anointing) after 3.5 days is at 8am,
about 2 hours after the end of the 3.5 days (which would begin at 6pm).
Corresponding to this, the Temple desecration by antichrist will be at
midnight, about 2 hours after the resurrection of the 2 witnesses which
marked the end of the 3.5 days. (This also corresponds to the anointing
of God’s Temple (the Church) 50 days after the resurrection on the
year/day fulfilment). As the midnight Abomination marks the start of the
second-half of the Tribulation (the Great Tribulation) at the opening of
a new day on the DC), so Christ’s 8am Baptism marks the start of the
second half (3.5) years of the Time of Messiah (the ministry of Christ),
also at the opening of a new day on the DC.
Thus we have the repeating pattern of a 3.5 year preparatory ministry of
John/Elijah, which comes to a climax after an interval of 3.5 days,
and a Temple consecration/desecration at this time, which initiates the
final 3.5 years (the 2nd half of the 70th Week) which includes the ministry
of Christ/antichrist followed by the final Day of Christ‘s open Victory.
3&4. Jesus says the Great Tribulation begins the moment the antichrist
desecrates the Temple (the Abomination) which he can only do after
overcoming the 2 witnesses who had dominated the Temple for 3.5 years
(who were invincible until now). The Great Tribulation lasts 1290 days
(Daniel 12:11 tells us that antichrist’s time measured from the desecration
is 1290 days). This means there is a month (30 days) before antichrist’s
1260 day world dictatorship begins. The 1290 days (the time of
antichrist’s ‘ministry’ to Israel) are one day short of being exactly 3.5
yrs, because the 360 day calendar has an intercalated month (of 31 days)
every 6 years to keep it solar, so there is an intercalated month in the
Great Tribulation. Antichrist’s Temple Desecration is at midnight at the
opening of a new day in the DC, and so the Great Tribulation (the time of
antichrist’s ‘ministry‘ to Israel) will also end at midnight 1290 days later
(one day short of 3.5 years).
Likewise, the 2nd half of the original 70th Week began with Christ’s
Baptism (Temple Anointing) at 8am (the opening of a new day in the DC)
which is also the first day of Tabernacles. This was the start of Christ’s
ministry to Israel which was one day short of 3.5 luni-solar years. That
is, if you measure 3.5 l-s years (minus 1 day) from His Baptism at 8am on
(Tabernacles 15/7) you get to 8am (Passover 14/1), which is the very hour
of Christ’s crucifixion! This moment then marks the end of His ministry
to Israel and the start of the special last day of the 70th Week (the Day of
the Lord, the Day of His Death and Resurrection). Thus the chronology
marks off His special redemptive work on the Cross from His general
ministry. John’s Gospel records how that during His ministry He often
looked forward to ‘His hour’-the time of His death and resurrection.
5. The final Day of the final 70th Week opens at midnight (the opening
of a new day in the DC) with the Return of Christ in power and glory.
This is the Great and Terrible (Manifest) Day of the Lord. This completes
the final 3.5 years. Likewise, the final Day of the original 70th Week is a
‘Day of the Lord.’ It opens at 8am (the opening of a new day in the DC)
with the crucifixion and only ends on the DC at midnight on the day of
the Resurrection (due to unreckoned time). Therefore it contains both the
death and the resurrection of Christ. It is therefore the Day of Christ’s
manifestation, for in it Christ was revealed risen from the dead. Technically
both 70th Weeks end at 6pm on the final day. This is based on the original Week
being 7 solar years 6pm to 6pm. On the DC 1 day 16 hours were unreckoned. When
the Week (the exact same length of time as measured on the DC) is rerun starting at
10am it will therefore end at 6pm on the final day (the Day of the Lord). In the
original Week, 6pm on the resurrection day marks the start of the 40 days leading up
to the ascension at 6pm (Acts 1:3, Jesus starts appearing to the apostles after 6pm).
Likewise, 6pm on the Day of the 2nd Coming marks the start of the 40 days leading up
to the Kingdom at 6pm (although really this will be about midday in terms of the
sun’s position due to the stopping of the sun for about 30 hrs). Thus the Kingdom
will officially begin at about noon. This will then complete the rerun of the Time of
Messiah. What He was unable to accomplish in the allotted time at His First Coming
(because of Israel’s unbelief) He will accomplish in the same time frame at His
6. After the end of the 70th Week there are a further 40 days before every
thing is in place for the Kingdom to begin. Had Israel accepted the King,
He would have manifested Himself to Israel on the day of the resurrection
and after 40 days the Kingdom would have begun. But instead He just
manifested Himself to some disciples, and then from 6pm (when the 70 th
Week had ended) He started appearing to the apostles for 40 days
preparing them for the coming church age. Then when the 40 days were
complete at 6pm, when He should have been able to ascend to David’s
throne to start the Kingdom, He ascended to Father’s throne instead
(Hosea 5:15on). In the rerun, the 40 days start at 6pm on the Day of the
Lord (about when the lights are turned on again, revealing it actually to
be about midday). The 40 days will therefore close at about midday, when
He ascends to sit on David’s throne to officially start the Kingdom.
Jesus ascended first on the day of the resurrection and received all authority and sat
down having completing His work of redemption. Then He returned to earth for 40
days. His ascension 40 days later was really just formally taking up His position for
this age. Likewise the throne of David will be possessed by Christ at the Day of His
return and He will judge from it (Matt 25), but after 40 days He will formally take up
His position on the throne for the Kingdom age, and in this way He will cause it to
Thus we have the pattern for the 70th Week (consisting of exactly 7
years): 3.5 years + 3.5 days + 3.5 yrs (ending with the Day of the Lord‘s
manifestation), which is exactly what we see in the Time of Messiah.
Moreover there is a repeat of the epilogue of 40 days.
1. 3.5 years of John = 3.5 yrs of Elijah.
2. 3.5 days when (in type) Christ is set apart for death until His Baptism.
=3.5 days the 2 representatives of Christ are in death until their
The first 3.5 days end with the Temple Anointing (Christ‘s Baptism).
The second 3.5 days end with the Temple Desecration (by antichrist).
3. 3.5 yrs (less one day) of Christ’s ministry (l-s)
3.5 yrs (less one day) of antichrist’s ‘ministry.’
4. The 1 Great Day of the Lord (Christ’s Manifestation) completing the
70th Week. Christ’s Resurrection = Christ’s Second Coming.
Also on this last day Christ dies. On this day on the rerun antichrist dies.
5.The 40 days resurrection to ascension=40 days 2nd Coming to Kingdom
The patterning only works perfectly if we think in terms of the Divine
Calendar for the measurement of the Time of Messiah (Daniel’s 70th
Week) and its rerun. The primary difference with the CC is the reckoning
of time at the time of His death and resurrection. In fact the central
purpose of the DC seems to be in connection with Christ’s death and
resurrection in revealing aspects of this that would be otherwise hidden.
Although Bible dates are generally in the CC, we should expect the DC to
come to the fore in some aspects of the chronology, and it is not
surprising that this is a case in point. In other words God measures
the 70th Week through His DC, rewinds it and reruns the identical period
at the end of the age (as a time of judgement).
Now what is different about the DC and CC in this respect?
I believe that AW was onto something when he discerned that the DC and
the JC were stopped because of Christ’s death (the 2 Calendars operate in
harmony). As the Lord told AW: “We do not reckon time to him who was
dead.” Now AW deduced that this meant the moon had to stop, but I
don’t believe that was necessary. It was a sovereign act of God to mark
these unique events in honour of the Son.
The basic result of stopping time is that the death, burial and resurrection
are seen as happening together on the same day, as a unified event. All the
events of Christ’s death, burial, resurrection and anointing take place on
the same day (15/1) on the DC and (10/7) the Day of Atonement, on the
JC. His Baptism forms a type of all these events combined into one.
Also it changes the time of the day-start. In my version where 40 hours are
unreckoned, the DC day-start changes from 8am to midnight,
hence explaining why solar days start at midnight for the church age.
If time is unreckoned on the DC during Christ’s death, then (as MT did) we find that
the Time of Messiah (as measured on the DC) is exactly the same as the time of the
rerun (2594/5 days). Of course if a slight variation of my version (of unreckoned
time) is used instead, the rerun result will still hold. In my version the clock is
stopped for 40 hours in total. The time from 6pm Nisan 1 April 5th AD26 to 6pm
Ascension Day May 13th AD33 is 2596 days (7 solar years + 40 days). This same
time in the DC is 2594.3 days, or the 2595th day (1260d+1335th day). QED.
The exact hours that are unreckoned could be debated a few hours either way.
I give my solution below which is partly motivated by the fact that the day starts for
the church-age are midnight, and my solution shows how that was brought about.
My proposed reconstruction of unreckoned time in the DC at His death.
I suggest that there are two distinct times the DC clock is stopped in connection with
His death and burial, also marked by the 2 astronomical signs in the sun and moon.
This was done to distinguish the two events of His death on the Cross and His burial
in the grave, before His final resurrection (the 3rd of this trinity):
15th Nisan opens at 8am with the crucifixion of Christ.
1. At midday (after 4 hours) with the sun darkened, signifying Christ becoming the sin
offering, cut off and covered in darkness, forsaken of God, the DC is stopped for 3
hours in recognition of this.
2. At 5pm (after 6hrs on DC) Christ is buried at the very time the moon turns to blood
in a lunar eclipse (the moon is hidden from the light of the sun by the earth, likewise
man was hidden from the light of the Son when under the earth). The clock stops for
37 hours until His resurrection at dawn on 6am Sunday morning.
This still leaves 18 hours of the 15th Nisan to run in the DC. The day therefore closes
at midnight of the day of the resurrection. Time on the DC and JC stops for a total of
40 hours= 1 day 16hours, so that the new day-starts after the resurrection are midnight
I believe the solar calendar by which the Church operates is calibrated to the DC at
this point and so it has midnight starts. I expect that after the resurrection the RC &
DC change to solar for the church-age (the RC is now measured in solar years,
because it is reckoned according to God’s representatives - the Church, now that
Israel failed to receive the Kingdom at the resurrection, even though she has a further
6 months grace before being cut off) although Israel continues with her l-s calendar.
The Church Solar Calendar should be based on commemorating the
key events of Christ’s life: October 10th Birth and Baptism (Tabernacles),
April 1st Death (Passover) and April 3rd Resurrection (Firstfruits),
Ascension/Enthronement Day (May 13th/14th),
and of course Pentecost (May 22nd - 50 days from first fruits).
I expect Jesus personal calendar (starting at Trumpets 2BC) to produce interesting
results, such as being about 15/1 on Oct 10th. It might prove relevant and interesting
for future events in the Tribulation/Second Coming/Millennium.
Comments on: “No man knows the day or the hour”
1. This always applies to the Rapture (people in the Tribulation will certainly
know the day of the Second Coming from direct statements of scripture).
2. We can only KNOW if we have a direct plain statement of scripture.
But any of our predictions of the Rapture or even the 2nd Coming are deductions
based on TYPOLOGY (based on Creation Week, the Feasts etc). Even if believe
we are right, we can’t say we KNOW it, because God has kept it hidden as a
mystery in the Typology. That does not mean someone can’t discern it, but we
can’t have the same certainty that a plain statement of scripture would give.
(Similarly the Church was a mystery in the OT. It was there, hidden in the Typology
(Eve, Rebekkah, Pentecost etc) but not directly revealed. It is OK to find the church
in typology. Being only in the typology it was not revealed clearly until the time God
chose, although now we can look and see it was there. Likewise the timings of the
Second Coming are not random but set by the Father according to His sovereign plan,
and no doubt revealed in scripture in the typological patterns so that after the event all
will see these types fulfilled. Therefore it should be possible to discern these types
correctly ahead of time with God’s help. However even if we think we have done this
we must maintain the humility that we do KNOW, because our projection is based on
deduction rather than the plain statement of scripture.
1. Birth (Tabernacles 2BC) - Baptism (Tabernacles 29AD) =30 solar and
30 luni-solar years (baptised on His 30th birthday), then from His Baptism
(15/7) to His Death (14/1, Passover 33AD) there is exactly 3.5 l-s years!
2. May 14 1948 and June 7/11/12 1967 (marking the end of the Times of
the Gentiles) have interesting solar and luni-solar anniversaries
(connected to the exodus, ascension/enthronement), both also possibly
being at Jewish Pentecost, made possible because of the 19 year l-s line-
up. This in turn leads to a way of seeing how the 7 Times of the Gentiles
end on both these dates (to the day) using a l-s year. This will provide a
test to help determine whether the right l-s calendar is being used
(i.e. in the year-start rule, and when the Jubilee cycles start and
end - both of which determine when the extra months are added).
We will only get this great result for the end of the Times of the Gentiles
if there is a particular configuration of intercalated months between these
2 dates 19 years apart, so that there is one more than usual (this happens
only rarely, so it provides a good test/confirmation). This is similar to the
Acts 20 test. This will all be developed in a future paper.
3. Leaving the best till last! Hosea 5:15-6:3 fulfilled to the day!
I provisionally have Christ’s Return on October 9th, 2033 completing the
70 Weeks, and the next day, the first day of the new era is October 10th
(His birthday) - which is an exact fulfilment to the day of Hosea 6:2!
The prophecy speaks of Israel being judged, but after (or at the close of)
2 DAYS (2000 years) being revived, so that on the 3rd DAY she will live
in His sight. There is a ‘kairos’ (the 2nd Coming) at the end of 2 DAYS
followed by a ‘chronos’ (a new era, the 3rd DAY or Millennium) brought
in as a result of the ‘kairos.’ The key event (turning-point) is at the close
of the 2nd DAY (2000 years) and is Messiah’s Second Coming in glory,
described in Hosea 6:3 as His going forth (from Heaven) as the morning
sun (the Sun of righteousness rising with healing in His wings). His
rising (appearing) is as sure (certain) as the dawn and just as the sunrise
happens at an established time, so the Son will surely return in glory at a
time fixed by God as the Sun of Righteousness, ending the time of
darkness and bringing healing and salvation to Israel. This fixed time is
after 2 DAYS! On the basis of this event (the glorious appearing of the
Messiah) at the end of 2 Days, Israel will live in blessing on the 3rd Day
Fulfilment: Israel was cut off on October 10th AD33 (Hosea 6:1).
“2 DAYS” (2000 years) of being cut off ends on October 9th 2033,
the very day of Christ’s Return to save and revive His people, Israel.
He will come as prophesied at the end of the 2 DAYS, so that Israel may
live in His sight (abide in His personal presence) throughout the 3rd DAY.
Having revived them (from being on the point of death) at His Return on
October 9th (the end of the 2 DAYS), on October 10th (the start of the
3rd DAY) He will start to raise Israel up spiritually and nationally, so that
she will live in His sight and take her place as the chief nation at the heart
of His world-government throughout the 3rd DAY (the Millennium). This
process of preparation will take 40 days, after which everything and
everyone will be in place for the new administration to function, and the
Kingdom will then officially begin and continue in stability for 1000 yrs.
CONCLUSION: This concludes my overview of the chronology and
suggested revisions, which contain my foundational thoughts.
There are 2 or 3 more papers to come covering some technical and
prophetic (future) issues. What I have really done is challenge one
of AW’s assumptions (that the Life of Christ is governed by a 354 day
calendar) and I have followed through on the logical ramifications of that.
The exciting consequence of this is that as a result the chronology is not
destroyed, but enhanced.
Firstly, it followed from dropping that assumption that certain other
associated assumptions of AW have to be abandoned, but these were
precisely the aspects of AW chronology that were strange and hard to
accept (being against the biblical and historical evidence).
Secondly, we find that free from this assumption, we can obtain the dates
for Christ’s birth and death according to best evidence, and this in turn
reveals that the Life of Christ was actually governed by a solar calendar,
for when we use a solar calendar for Christ everything works out
perfectly and we end up with a chronology that:
(1) is still built on the foundation of the work of Denney and AW,
(2) has many of the difficulties removed,
and (3) gives much more pleasing results for the Life of Christ.
We honour AW & his team for their work, but we have the advantage
over them: (1) of hindsight, (2) computers and (3) not being emotionally
attached to the 354 day year which led him to overuse it, thus leading him
on a wrong path. These advantages enable us to perfect (hopefully) what
*a final revision to be considered is the adoption of the luni-solar calendar from the
Flood rather than from the Exodus (Genesis 8). It was a new-year start at the Exodus
not necessarily a new type of year being introduced. There are many good reasons
why a solar based calendar would be needed after the flood with the agricultural
seasons beginning. Abraham came from a moon-worshipping culture that developed
after the Flood-surely he would use true lunar based years rather than 354 day years.