Football 1 Football Football a team by AbdurRab1




Football a team ball game played in many different forms, for example, association
football or soccer, American football, Australian football and rugby football. Of these
different forms, only soccer is played in Bangladesh. It is played between two teams,
each of 11 players, on a field 90 - 120 m long and 45 - 90 m wide, with an inflated
spherical ball of circumference 69 cm. The objective of the game is to kick or head the
ball into the opponent's goal, an area 7.31 m wide and 2.44 m high. Each time a team's
player succeeds in thus pushing the ball through the goal posts, a goal is scored and the
team that scores more in the game's stipulated time (90 minutes) in two periods with a
break in the middle for rest and change of sides by the playing teams. A team is broadly
divided into defence (the goalkeeper and defenders), midfield (for collection of the ball
from the defenders and distribution to the attackers) and the attack (forwards or strikers).
The field has a halfway line marked with a centre circle, two penalty areas and two goal
areas. On the field of play itself, only the goalkeeper is allowed to touch the ball with the
hands and then only within the goal area. If the ball is pushed outside the delineated field
area it must be refreshed through kicking or throwing. The game is controlled by a
referee, who is assisted by two linesmen.

Played in England from the 14th century, football developed in the 19th century and the
first set of rules were drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848. In UK, the rules were
modified by the Football Association, founded in 1863. Slight amendments to the rules
take effect in certain competitions and overseas matches as laid down by the sport's world
governing body, Federation Internationale de Football (FIFA, 1904). FIFA organises the
competition for the World Cup held every four years since 1930. Other major events
include the European Championship (instituted in 1958 and held every four years since
1960), The European Champions' Cup (first held in 1955), the European Cup Winners'
Cup (held in 1960) and the UEFA Cup (formerly the Inter-cities Fare's Cup, first held in

1955). Football was incorporated in the Olympic games in 1908 and in Asian Games in
1951. The Asian Club Football Championship started in 1967.

Football was introduced in India by the British. The first competitive football match was
held in India between the teams of the armed forces and Bombay Islands in 1821 at
Bombay. Meanwhile football had already gained some popularity in Allahabad, Calcutta
and Dhaka. The IFA Shield Cup of India took off in 1893.

The responsibility of overall supervision and development of football in Bangladesh lies
with the Bangladesh Football Federation (BAFUFE) established in 1972. BAFUFE
organised a football league at Dhaka in 1972. Federation Cup Football championship
started in 1980. Other tournaments now taking place in the country include the Premier
Division Football League, DAMFA Cup, the First Division, Second Division and Third
Division Football Leagues and the Bangabandhu Cup International Football Tournament.
Football leagues are held regularly at district and thana levels. Some large football clubs
of the country are the Mohamedan Sporting Club, Abahani Krira Chakra, Brothers
Union, Muktijoddah Sangsad, and Wari Club.

Collection from The Banglapedia.


Abdur Rab (forhad)

Department of Public Administration.

Jahangirnagar University

Dhaka, Bangladesh.


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