General Biology First Semester Exam Review by xV43uA2v

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									General Biology First Semester Exam Review
     The following information will help you prepare for the first semester exam.
     Define the word (page numbers where they can be found are in parenthesis) and concepts
      you can earn 10 extra credit points on your exam grade. (partial credit will also be given)
     You will be allowed a ½ page “cheat sheet” with anything from your study guide on it as
      long as it is handwritten. You may choose to include any pictures you may find helpful.
     Your exam will be one hundred multiple choice questions.

Chapter 1- Biology and You
biology (6)                       evolution (9)                      prediction (16)
cell (7)                          species (9)                        pH (16)
metabolism (7)                    observation (14)                   experiment (17)
homeostasis (8)                   hypothesis (16)                    control group (17)

       List the eight characteristics of all living things.

Chapter 2- Chemistry of Life
atom (28)                    adhesion (31)                           ATP (37)
element (28)                 solution (32)                           energy (38)
compound (29)                acid (33)                               enzyme (40)
molecule (29)                base (33)
cohesion (31)                DNA (37)

   Know the pH scale ranges for acids, neutral, and bases.
   Know main components (elements) of all living cells: carbon, hydrogen, sulfur,
    phosphorus, nitrogen, oxygen.

Chapter 16-Ecosystem
ecology (340)                     biodiversity (341)                 herbivore (346)
habitat (340)                     pioneer species (343)              carnivore (346)
community (340)                   succession (343)                   omnivore (346)
ecosystem (340)                   producer (345)                     detritivore (346)
abiotic factor (340)              consumer (345)                     decomposer (347)
biotic factor (340)               food chain (346)                   food web (347)

   Given a food web, be able to identify organisms and their functions.

Chapter 17-Biological Communities
predation (362)           mutualism (364)                            niche (365)
parasitism (362)          commensalism (364)                         climate (371)
symbiosis (364)           competition (365)                          biome (372)

   Know major characteristics of biomes- desert, rainforest, taiga, tundra, deciduous
    forest
Chapter 15-Population
population (320)                 carrying capacity (322)          density-independent factor (324)
exponential growth curve (322)   density-dependent factor (322)


    Be able to interpret population growth curves and graphs (J-shaped, S-shaped,
     boom-and-bust, density-dependent and independent).
    Know examples of density-dependent and independent limiting factors.

Chapter 3- Cell Structure
cell theory (55)                 eukaryote (58)                   mitochondrion (65)
cell membrane (56)               nucleus (58)                     chloroplast (66)
cytoplasm (56)                   organelle (58)                   central vacuole (66)
ribosome (56)                    endoplasmic reticulum
prokaryote (57)                  (63)
cell wall (57)                   Golgi apparatus (64)

    Be able to calculate microscope magnification and be familiar with microscope
     parts.
    Know differences between plant and animal cells

Chapter 4-Cells and their Environment
diffusion (75)              hypotonic solution (77)               exocytosis (83)
osmosis (76)                isotonic solution (77)
hypertonic solution (77)    endocytosis (83)

Chapter 5- Photosynthesis and Cell Respiration
photosynthesis (94)        heterotroph (95)                       aerobic (104)
autotroph (94)             cellular respiration (95)              anaerobic (104)

    Know the equation for photosynthesis.
    Know the equation for cellular respiration.
    Know the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration.

Chapter 6- Chromosomes and Cell Reproduction
gamete (118)             haploid (121)                            interphase (125)
binary fission (119)     zygote (121)                             mitosis (125)
chromosome (119)         karyotype (122)                          cytokinesis (125)
diploid (121)            cell cycle (125)                         cancer (126)

    Know the steps of the cell cycle- correct order and what occurs during each step.

Chapter 7-Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction
meiosis (144)             asexual reproduction (150)              fertilization (153)
crossing-over (144)       sexual reproduction (150)

    Know the purposes and differences between mitosis and meiosis

								
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