SOL_Database by fanzhongqing

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 28

									    Grade       SOL       Subject        SOL Text
K           K.1a      History       The student will recognize that history describes events and people of
K           K.1b      History       The student will recognize that history describes events and people of
K           K.2       History       The student will describe everyday life in the present and in the past an
K           K.3       History       The student will describe the relative location of people, places, and th
K           K.4a      History       The student will use simple maps and globes to a) develop an awaren
K           K.4b      History       The student will use simple maps and globes to b) describe places ref
K           K.4c      History       The student will use simple maps and globes to c) locate land and wat
K           K.5a      History       The student will develop an awareness that maps and globesa) show a
K           K.5b      History       The student will develop an awareness that maps and globesb) show t
K           K.5c      History       The student will develop an awareness that maps and globesc) show t
K           K.6       History       The student will match simple descriptions of work that people do with
K           K.7a      History       The student will a) recognize that people make choices because they c
K           K.7b      History       The student will b) explain that people work to earn money to buy the t
K           K.8a      History       The student will demonstrate that being a good citizen involvesa) takin
K           K.8b      History       The student will demonstrate that being a good citizen involvesb) takin
K           K.8c      History       The student will demonstrate that being a good citizen involvesc) takin
K           K.8d      History       The student will demonstrate that being a good citizen involvesd) follow
K           K.8e      History       The student will demonstrate that being a good citizen involvese) pract
K           K.9       History       The student will recognize the American flag, the Pledge of Allegiance
K           K.10a     Science       The student will investigate and understand that materials can be reus
K           K.10b     Science       The student will investigate and understand that materials can be reus
K           K.10c     Science       The student will investigate and understand that materials can be reus
K           K.1a      Science       The student will conduct investigations in whicha) basic properties of o
K           K.1b      Science       The student will conduct investigations in whichb) observations are ma
K           K.1c      Science       The student will conduct investigations in whichc) objects are describe
K           K.1d      Science       The student will conduct investigations in whichd) a set of objects is se
K           K.1e      Science       The student will conduct investigations in whiche) a set of objects is se
K           K.1f      Science       The student will conduct investigations in whichf) nonstandard units ar
K           K.1g      Science       The student will conduct investigations in whichg) a question is develo
K           K.1h      Science       The student will conduct investigations in whichh) picture graphs are c
K           K.1i      Science       The student will conduct investigations in whichi) an unseen member i
K           K.1j      Science       The student will conduct investigations in whichj) unusual or unexpecte
K           K.2a      Science       Students will investigate and understand that humans have senses tha
K           K.2b      Science       Students will investigate and understand that humans have senses tha
K           K.3a      Science       The student will investigate and understand that magnets have an effe
K           K.3b      Science       The student will investigate and understand that magnets have an effe
K           K.4a      Science       The student will investigate and understand that the position, motion, a
K           K.4b      Science       The student will investigate and understand that the position, motion, a
K           K.4c      Science       The student will investigate and understand that the position, motion, a
K           K.4d      Science       The student will investigate and understand that the position, motion, a
K           K.4e      Science       The student will investigate and understand that the position, motion, a
K           K.5a      Science       The student will investigate and understand that water flows and has p
K           K.5b      Science       The student will investigate and understand that water flows and has p
K           K.5c      Science       The student will investigate and understand that water flows and has p
K           K.6a      Science       The student will investigate and understand basic needs and life proce
K           K.6b      Science       The student will investigate and understand basic needs and life proce
K           K.6c      Science       The student will investigate and understand basic needs and life proce
K           K.7a      Science       The student will investigate and understand that shadows occur when
K           K.7b      Science       The student will investigate and understand that shadows occur when
K           K.8a      Science       The student will investigate and understand simple patterns in his/her
K           K.8b      Science       The student will investigate and understand simple patterns in his/her
K   K.8c    Science   The student will investigate and understand simple patterns in his/her
K   K.8d    Science   The student will investigate and understand simple patterns in his/her
K   K.9a    Science   The student will investigate and understand that change occurs over ti
K   K.9b    Science   The student will investigate and understand that change occurs over ti
1   1.1     History   The student will interpret information presented in picture time lines to
1   1.10a   History   The student will apply the traits of a good citizen bya) focusing on fair p
1   1.10b   History   The student will apply the traits of a good citizen byb) recognizing the p
1   1.10c   History   The student will apply the traits of a good citizen byc) working hard in s
1   1.10d   History   The student will apply the traits of a good citizen byd) taking responsib
1   1.10e   History   The student will apply the traits of a good citizen bye) valuing honesty a
1   1.11a   History   The student will recognize the symbols and traditional practices that ho
1   1.11b   History   The student will recognize the symbols and traditional practices that ho
1   1.12c   History   The student will recognize that communities in Virginia include people
1   1.2     History   The student will describe the stories of American leaders and their con
1   1.3     History   The student will discuss the lives of people associated with Presidents
1   1.4a    History   The student will develop map skills bya) recognizing basic map symbo
1   1.4b    History   The student will develop map skills byb) using cardinal directions on m
1   1.4c    History   The student will develop map skills byc) identifying the physical shape
1   1.4d    History   The student will develop map skills byd) locating Washington, D.C., the
1   1.5     History   The student will construct a simple map of a familiar area, using basic
1   1.6     History   The student will describe how location, climate, and physical surroundi
1   1.7     History   The student will explain the difference between goods and services an
1   1.8     History   The student will explain that people make choices because they canno
1   1.9     History   The student will recognize that people save money for the future to pur
1   1.1a    Science   The student will conduct investigations in whicha) differences in physic
1   1.1b    Science   The student will conduct investigations in whichb) simple tools are use
1   1.1c    Science   The student will conduct investigations in whichc) objects or events are
1   1.1d    Science   The student will conduct investigations in whichd) observations and da
1   1.1e    Science   The student will conduct investigations in whiche) length, mass, and vo
1   1.1f    Science   The student will conduct investigations in whichf) predictions are based
1   1.1g    Science   The student will conduct investigations in whichg) simple experiments
1   1.1h    Science   The student will conduct investigations in whichh) inferences are made
1   1.2a    Science   The student will investigate and understand that moving objects exhibi
1   1.2b    Science   The student will investigate and understand that moving objects exhibi
1   1.2c    Science   The student will investigate and understand that moving objects exhibi
1   1.2d    Science   The student will investigate and understand that moving objects exhibi
1   1.3a    Science   The student will investigate and understand how different common ma
1   1.3b    Science   The student will investigate and understand how different common ma
1   1.3c    Science   The student will investigate and understand how different common ma
1   1.4a    Science   The student will investigate and understand that plants have life needs
1   1.4b    Science   The student will investigate and understand that plants have life needs
1   1.4c    Science   The student will investigate and understand that plants have life needs
1   1.5a    Science   The student will investigate and understand that animals, including peo
1   1.5b    Science   The student will investigate and understand that animals, including peo
1   1.5c    Science   The student will investigate and understand that animals, including peo
1   1.6a    Science   The student will investigate and understand the basic relationships bet
1   1.6b    Science   The student will investigate and understand the basic relationships bet
1   1.7a    Science   The student will investigate and understand the relationship of seasona
1   1.7b    Science   The student will investigate and understand the relationship of seasona
1   1.7c    Science   The student will investigate and understand the relationship of seasona
1   1.8a    Science   The student will investigate and understand that natural resources are
1   1.8b    Science   The student will investigate and understand that natural resources are
1   1.8c         Science   The student will investigate and understand that natural resources are
2   2.1          History   The student will explain how the contributions of ancient China and Eg
2   2.10a        History   The student will explain the responsibilities of a good citizen, with emp
2   2.10b        History   The student will explain the responsibilities of a good citizen, with emp
2   2.10c        History   The student will explain the responsibilities of a good citizen, with emp
2   2.10d        History   The student will explain the responsibilities of a good citizen, with emp
2   2.10e        History   The student will explain the responsibilities of a good citizen, with emp
2   2.11         History   The student will identify George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Susan
2   2.12b        History   The student will understand that the people of Virginia b) have diverse
2   2.2          History   The student will compare the lives and contributions of American India
2   2.3          History   The student will identify and compare changes in community life over t
2   2.4a         History   The student will develop map skills by a) locating the United States, Ch
2   2.4c         History   The student will develop map skills by c) locating the regions of the Po
2   2.4d         History   The student will develop map skills by d) understanding the relationshi
2   2.4b         History   The student will develop map skills by b) understanding the relationshi
2   2.5a         History   The student will develop map skills bya) locating the equator, the seve
2   2.5b         History   The student will develop map skills byb) locating selected rivers (Jame
2   2.6          History   The student will develop map skills by constructing simple maps, using
2   2.7          History   The student will describe the differences between natural resources (w
2   2.8          History   The student will distinguish between the use of barter and money in th
2   2.9          History   The student will explain that scarcity (limited resources) requires peop
2   2.1a         Science   The student will conduct investigations in whicha) observation is differe
2   2.1b         Science   The student will conduct investigations in whichb) observations are rep
2   2.1c         Science   The student will conduct investigations in whichc) two or more attribute
2   2.1d         Science   The student will conduct investigations in whichd) conditions that influe
2   2.1e         Science   The student will conduct investigations in whiche) length, volume, mas
2   2.1f         Science   The student will conduct investigations in whichf) pictures and bar grap
2   2.1g         Science   The student will conduct investigations in whichg) unexpected or unusu
2   2.1h         Science   The student will conduct investigations in whichh) simple physical mod
2   2.2a         Science   The student will investigate and understand that natural and artificial m
2   2.2b         Science   The student will investigate and understand that natural and artificial m
2   2.3a         Science   The student will investigate and understand basic properties of solids,
2   2.3b         Science   The student will investigate and understand basic properties of solids,
2   2.4a         Science   The student will investigate and understand that plants and animals un
2   2.4b         Science   The student will investigate and understand that plants and animals un
2   2.5a         Science   The student will investigate and understand that living things are part o
2   2.5b         Science   The student will investigate and understand that living things are part o
2   2.6a         Science   The student will investigate and understand basic types, changes, and
2   2.6b         Science   The student will investigate and understand basic types, changes, and
2   2.6b cont.   Science   The student will investigate and understand basic types, changes, and
2   2.7a         Science   The student will investigate and understand that weather and seasona
2   2.7a cont.   Science   The student will investigate and understand that weather and seasona
2   2.7b         Science   The student will investigate and understand that weather and seasona
2   2.8a         Science   The student will investigate and understand that plants produce oxyge
2   2.8b         Science   The student will investigate and understand that plants produce oxyge
2   2.8c         Science   The student will investigate and understand that plants produce oxyge
3   3.1          History   The student will explain how the contributions of ancient Greece and R
3   3.1 cont.    History   The student will explain how the contributions of ancient Greece and R
3   3.10a        History   The student will recognize the importance of government in the comm
3   3.10b        History   The student will recognize the importance of government in the comm
3   3.10c        History   The student will recognize the importance of government in the comm
3   3.11a        History   The student will explain the importance of the basic principles that form
3   3.11b         History   The student will explain the importance of the basic principles that form
3   3.11b cont.   History   The student will explain the importance of the basic principles that form
3   3.11c         History   The student will explain the importance of the basic principles that form
3   3.12          History   The student will recognize that Americans are a people of diverse ethn
3   3.2           History   The student will study the early West African empire of Mali by describ
3   3.2 cont.1    History   The student will study the early West African empire of Mali by describ
3   3.2 cont.2    History   The student will study the early West African empire of Mali by describ
3   3.2 cont.3    History   The student will study the early West African empire of Mali by describ
3   3.3a          History   The student will study the exploration of the Americas bya) describing
3   3.3b          History   The student will study the exploration of the Americas byb) identifying r
3   3.4a          History   The student will develop map skills bya) locating Greece, Rome, and W
3   3.4b          History   The student will develop map skills byb) describing the physical and hu
3   3.4c          History   The student will develop map skills byc) explaining how the people of G
3   3.5a          History   The student will develop map skills bya) positioning and labeling the se
3   3.5b          History   The student will develop map skills byb) using the equator and prime m
3   3.5c          History   The student will develop map skills byc) locating the countries of Spain
3   3.5d          History   The student will develop map skills byd) locating the regions in the Am
3   3.5e          History   The student will develop map skills bye) locating specific places on a s
3   3.6           History   The student will interpret geographic information from maps, tables, gr
3   3.7           History   The student will explain how producers in ancient Greece, Rome, and
3   3.8           History   The student will recognize that because people and regions cannot pro
3   3.9           History   The student will identify examples of making an economic choice and
3   3.10a         Science   The student will investigate and understand that natural events and hu
3   3.10b         Science   The student will investigate and understand that natural events and hu
3   3.10c         Science   The student will investigate and understand that natural events and hu
3   3.10d         Science   The student will investigate and understand that natural events and hu
3   3.11a         Science   The student will investigate and understand different sources of energy
3   3.11b         Science   The student will investigate and understand different sources of energy
3   3.11c         Science   The student will investigate and understand different sources of energy
3   3.11d         Science   The student will investigate and understand different sources of energy
3   3.1a          Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whicha) predictions
3   3.1b          Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whichb) objects with
3   3.1c          Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whichc) questions a
3   3.1d          Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whichd) volume is m
3   3.1e          Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whiche) length is m
3   3.1f          Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whichf) mass is me
3   3.1g          Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whichg) data are ga
3   3.1h          Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whichh) temperatur
3   3.1i          Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whichi) time is mea
3   3.1j          Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whichj) inferences a
3   3.1k          Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whichk) natural eve
3   3.2a          Science   The student will investigate and understand simple machines and their
3   3.2a          Science   The student will investigate and understand simple machines and their
3   3.2b          Science   The student will investigate and understand simple machines and their
3   3.2c          Science   The student will investigate and understand simple machines and their
3   3.2d          Science   The student will investigate and understand simple machines and their
3   3.3a          Science   The student will investigate and understand that objects are made of m
3   3.3b          Science   The student will investigate and understand that objects are made of m
3   3.3c          Science   The student will investigate and understand that objects are made of m
3   3.4a          Science   The student will investigate and understand that behavioral and physic
3   3.4b          Science   The student will investigate and understand that behavioral and physic
3   3.4b cont.    Science   The student will investigate and understand that behavioral and physic
3   3.5a         Science   The student will investigate and understand relationships among organ
3   3.5b         Science   The student will investigate and understand relationships among organ
3   3.5c         Science   The student will investigate and understand relationships among organ
3   3.6a         Science   The student will investigate and understand that environments support
3   3.6b         Science   The student will investigate and understand that environments support
3   3.6c         Science   The student will investigate and understand that environments support
3   3.7a         Science   The student will investigate and understand the major components of s
3   3.7b         Science   The student will investigate and understand the major components of s
3   3.7c         Science   The student will investigate and understand the major components of s
3   3.7d         Science   The student will investigate and understand the major components of s
3   3.8a         Science   The student will investigate and understand basic patterns and cycles
3   3.8a cont.   Science   The student will investigate and understand basic patterns and cycles
3   3.8b         Science   The student will investigate and understand basic patterns and cycles
3   3.9a         Science   The student will investigate and understand the water cycle and its rela
3   3.9b         Science   The student will investigate and understand the water cycle and its rela
3   3.9c         Science   The student will investigate and understand the water cycle and its rela
3   3.9d         Science   The student will investigate and understand the water cycle and its rela
4   VS.2a        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the physical geography and
4   VS.2b        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the physical geography and
4   VS.2c        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the physical geography and
4   VS.2d        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the physical geography and
4   VS.2e        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the physical geography and
4   VS.3a        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the first permanent English
4   VS.3b        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the first permanent English
4   VS.3c        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the first permanent English
4   VS.3d        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the first permanent English
4   VS.3e        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the first permanent English
4   VS.3f        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the first permanent English
4   VS.3g        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the first permanent English
4   VS.4a        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of life in the Virginia colony by
4   VS.4b        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of life in the Virginia colony by
4   VS.4c        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of life in the Virginia colony by
4   VS.4d        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of life in the Virginia colony by
4   VS.5a        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the role of Virginia in the A
4   VS.5b        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the role of Virginia in the A
4   VS.5c        History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the role of Virginia in the A
4   4.1a         Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whicha) distinctions
4   4.1b         Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whichb) hypotheses
4   4.1c         Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whichc) variables th
4   4.1d         Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whichd) appropriate
4   4.1e         Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whiche) appropriate
4   4.1f         Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whichf) data are dis
4   4.1g         Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whichg) numerical d
4   4.1h         Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in whichh) predictions
4   4.2a         Science   The student will investigate and understand characteristics and interac
4   4.2b         Science   The student will investigate and understand characteristics and interac
4   4.2c         Science   The student will investigate and understand characteristics and interac
4   4.2d         Science   The student will investigate and understand characteristics and interac
4   4.3a         Science   The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of elect
4   4.3b         Science   The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of elect
4   4.3c         Science   The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of elect
4   4.3d         Science   The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of elect
4   4.3e           Science   The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of elect
4   4.3e cont.     Science   The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of elect
4   4.3f           Science   The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of elect
4   4.4a           Science   The student will investigate and understand basic plant anatomy and li
4   4.4b           Science   The student will investigate and understand basic plant anatomy and li
4   4.4c           Science   The student will investigate and understand basic plant anatomy and li
4   4.4d           Science   The student will investigate and understand basic plant anatomy and li
4   4.5a           Science   The student will investigate and understand how plants and animals in
4   4.5b           Science   The student will investigate and understand how plants and animals in
4   4.5c           Science   The student will investigate and understand how plants and animals in
4   4.5d           Science   The student will investigate and understand how plants and animals in
4   4.5e           Science   The student will investigate and understand how plants and animals in
4   4.5f           Science   The student will investigate and understand how plants and animals in
4   4.6a           Science   The student will investigate and understand how weather conditions an
4   4.6b           Science   The student will investigate and understand how weather conditions an
4   4.6b cont.     Science   The student will investigate and understand how weather conditions an
4   4.7a           Science   The student will investigate and understand the relationships among th
4   4.7b           Science   The student will investigate and understand the relationships among th
4   4.7c           Science   The student will investigate and understand the relationships among th
4   4.7c cont.     Science   The student will investigate and understand the relationships among th
4   4.7d           Science   The student will investigate and understand the relationships among th
4   4.8a           Science   The student will investigate and understand important Virginia natural r
4   4.8b           Science   The student will investigate and understand important Virginia natural r
4   4.8c           Science   The student will investigate and understand important Virginia natural r
4   4.8d           Science   The student will investigate and understand important Virginia natural r
4   VS.10a         History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of government, geography, a
4   VS.10b         History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of government, geography, a
4   VS.10b cont.   History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of government, geography, a
4   VS.10c         History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of government, geography, a
4   VS.1a          History   The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis,
4   VS.1b          History   The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis,
4   VS.1c          History   The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis,
4   VS.1d          History   The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis,
4   VS.1e          History   The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis,
4   VS.1f          History   The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis,
4   VS.1g          History   The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis,
4   VS.1h          History   The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis,
4   VS.1i          History   The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis,
4   VS.6a          History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the role of Virginia in the es
4   VS.6b          History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the role of Virginia in the es
4   VS.6c          History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the role of Virginia in the es
4   VS.7a          History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the issues that divided our
4   VS.7a cont.    History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the issues that divided our
4   VS.7b          History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the issues that divided our
4   VS.7b cont.    History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the issues that divided our
4   VS.8a          History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the reconstruction of Virgin
4   VS.8a cont.    History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the reconstruction of Virgin
4   VS.8b          History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the reconstruction of Virgin
4   VS.8b cont.    History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the reconstruction of Virgin
4   VS.8c          History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the reconstruction of Virgin
4   VS.9a          History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of twentieth- and twenty-first-
4   VS.9c          History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of twentieth- and twenty-first-
5   VS.9c   History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of twentieth century Virginia b
5   5.1a    Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in which a) rocks, min
5   5.1b    Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in which b) estimation
5   5.1c    Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in which c) appropriat
5   5.1d    Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in which d) accurate m
5   5.1e    Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in which e) data are c
5   5.1f    Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in which f) predictions
5   5.1g    Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in which g) manipulate
5   5.1h    Science   The student will plan and conduct investigations in which h) an unders
5   5.2a    Science   The student will investigate and understand how sound is transmitted a
5   5.2b    Science   The student will investigate and understand how sound is transmitted a
5   5.2c    Science   The student will investigate and understand how sound is transmitted a
5   5.3a    Science   The student will investigate and understand basic characteristics of vis
5   5.3b    Science   The student will investigate and understand basic characteristics of vis
5   5.3c    Science   The student will investigate and understand basic characteristics of vis
5   5.3d    Science   The student will investigate and understand basic characteristics of vis
5   5.3e    Science   The student will investigate and understand basic characteristics of vis
5   5.4a    Science   The student will investigate and understand that matter is anything tha
5   5.4b    Science   The student will investigate and understand that matter is anything tha
5   5.4c    Science   The student will investigate and understand that matter is anything tha
5   5.5a    Science   The student will investigate and understand that organisms are made o
5   5.5b    Science   The student will investigate and understand that organisms are made o
5   5.5c    Science   The student will investigate and understand that organisms are made o
5   5.5d    Science   The student will investigate and understand that organisms are made o
5   5.6a    Science   The student will investigate and understand characteristics of the ocea
5   5.6b    Science   The student will investigate and understand characteristics of the ocea
5   5.6c    Science   The student will investigate and understand characteristics of the ocea
5   5.7a    Science   The student will investigate and understand how the Earth’s surface is
5   5.7b    Science   The student will investigate and understand how the Earth’s surface is
5   5.7c    Science   The student will investigate and understand how the Earth’s surface is
5   5.7d    Science   The student will investigate and understand how the Earth’s surface is
5   5.7e    Science   The student will investigate and understand how the Earth’s surface is
5   5.7f    Science   The student will investigate and understand how the Earth’s surface is
K   K.8f    History   The student will demonstrate that being a good citizen involves a) part
K   K.8g    History   The student will demonstrate that being a good citizen involves g) part
1   1.10f   History   The student will apply the traits of a good citizen by participating in clas
1   1.12a   History   The student will recognize that communities in Virginia a) have local go
1   1.12b   History   The student will recognize that communities in Virginia b) benefit from
2   2.12a   History   The student will understand that the people of Virginia a) have state an
3   3.11d   History   The student will explain the importance of the basic principles that form
4   VS.2f   History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the physical geography and
4   VS.2g   History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the physical geography and
4   VS.4e   History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of life in the Virginia colony by
4   VS.7c   History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of the issues that divided our
4   VS.9b   History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of twentieth- and twenty-first-
4   VS.9d   History   The student will demonstrate knowledge of twentieth- and twenty-first-
    Essential Knowledge                    Key Words
Understand the meaning of: long ago/past/present, real and make believe, history (events that have already happened)Pocaho
                                       History People
Thanksgiving: A feast day to remember the sharing of the harvest with the American Indians (First Americans. It is observed in
                                       History Holidays
                                       History Changes
Past: something that has already happenedPresent: what is happening today (now)Information about life in the past is gained th
                                       Geography Positional Words
Understand the meaning of:near/farabove/belowleft/rightbehind/in frontUnderstand that these words are used daily to describe
                                       Geography Maps
map: a drawing that shows what a place looks like from aboveglobe: a round model of the Earthmodel: something that stands f
                                       Geography and real-life situations
Maps or globes can show the location of stories Maps
                                       Geography playgrounds, neighborhoods, rivers, and oceansLand and water features on m
Maps can show simple drawings of classrooms, Maps
Show a view from above                 Geography Maps
                                       Geography
Show things/objects, as they are, only smaller Maps
                                       Geography Maps
Show the position/location of things/objects
                                       Economics Jobs
Doctors: take care of people when they are sickBuilders: build houses and buildingsTeachers: help students learnCooks: prepa
                                       Economics Needs Wants
Basic needs: things people need to live (food, clothing, and shelter)Wants: things people would like to have
                                         shelterGoods are
Money: traded for food, clothing, andEconomics Goods things that people make or grow that can be purchased
                                       Civics Citizenship
A community is a place where people live, work, and play.Examples of being a good citizen:Taking turnsSharing
Completing classroom chores            Civics Citizenship
Taking care of one’s thingsRespecting what belongs to others
                                       Civics Citizenship
                                       Civics Citizenship
Home: Rule - put toys away; Follow Rule - toys are safe. Know where toys are located; Consequence - toys can be broken or lo
Come on people... do I really need to write the essential knowledge for this one?? (actually there wasn’t any)
                                       Civics Citizenship
                                       Civics Citizenship
The United States flag has stars on a blue rectangle and red and white stripesThe pledge to the United States flag is called the
                                       Resources once. Examples include dishes and utensils that are washed after use rather
Reusing materials means using them more thanReusing
                                       Resources Recycling
Recycling helps to save our natural resources. Recycling recovers used materials. Many materials can be recycled and used a
                                       Resources Conservation
Natural resources such as water and energy should be conservedRecycling, reusing, and conserving helps preserve resources
                                       Investigation Properties
Observation is an important way to learn about the world. Through observation one can learn to compare, contrast, and note s
                                       Investigation how it is
An object can appear very different depending on Positionsoriented. To describe an object fully and accurately, it should be obs
                                        through pictures and discussionsDescribe objects both pictorially and verbally
Observations can be communicated Investigation Observations
                                        one to understand how
Putting objects in a sequence allowsInvestigation Sequence things are related. A sequence can show how things can change
                                       Investigation Grouping
Separate a set of objects into two groups based on a single physical attribute, including size, color, texture, and weight
                                       Investigation Measurement
A nonstandard unit of measure, such as the length of a paper clip, can be used to demonstrate and communicate the dimensio
                                       Investigation Questioning
Observations about familiar objects or events often lead to the development of important questions that can spark further inves
                                       Investigation Graph
Picture graphs are useful ways to display and report information.Construct picture graphs using 10 or fewer units.
                                       Investigation Predictions
Predict an unseen member in a sequence of objects to complete a pattern.
                                       of an investigation carefully. results that are unexpected or unusual may be of interest for
It is important to observe the results Investigation Unexpected
                                       Investigation Senses
A particular sensing organ (eyes, ears, nose, tongue, and skin) is associated with each of the five senses.Identify and describe
                                       Investigation Senses
Using the senses, we can make careful observations about the world and communicate those observations through descriptors
                                       Force Magnets
Magnets will attract certain metals (iron-bearing, nickel, and cobalt). Magnets have an effect on some items and can cause the
                                       Force Magnets
Because some metals are attracted to magnets, magnets have many simple useful applications in the homeIdentify items in the
                                         that can be observed and described. Objects can be described readily in terms of color, s
An object may have many propertiesMatter Colors
                                       Matter and rectangle.Compare and contrast objects that are flexible, stiff, straight, and cur
Identify and name a circle, triangle, square, Shapes
                                       Matter Textures
Compare and contrast objects that are rough, smooth, hard, and soft.
                                         of heavy/light, long/short, wide/thin, big/little, and large/small.Measure objects, using nons
Compare objects using the conceptsMatter Size
                                       Matter position
An object can be described according to its Position relative to another object and according to its motionIdentify the position of
                                       Matter Water
Water can be solid, liquid, or gas.Identify examples of the different states of water (solid, liquid, and gas)Classify examples of d
                                       Matter a lower levelDescribe the natural flow of water.Predict where a stream of water will
The natural flow of water is from a higher toFlow
                                       Matter notPredict
Some objects float in water, while others doSink Float whether items will float or sink when placed in water. Items to use inclu
                                       Life Needs
Plants and animals change as they growPlants and animals need food, water, and gases in the air to live. (Many animals and p
                                       Life Cycle
Plants and animals live and die. This is part of the life cycle.Describe some simple changes animals and plants undergo during
                                         are like their
Many offspring of plants and animalsLife Offspring parents but not identical to them.Compare and contrast young plants and an
                                       Space Shadows
A shadow is an image of an object created when light is blocked by that object.Shadows can occur whenever light is presentPe
                                       Space Shadows
Identify and describe sources of light--sun, electric lights, and flashlights-- that can produce shadows.Match objects with the sh
                                       weather patterns. On a cloudy, warm day, it may rain. On a cloudy day that is very cold, it
One can make simple predictions in Earth Weather
                                       Earth Patterns
Natural objects such as leaves, seeds, and cones have patterns we can see.Identify simple patterns in natural objects--veins in
                                        Earth Patterns
As animals and plants grow, they get larger according to a pattern.Describe how animals and plants change as they grow (see
                                        Earth schedule
Identify and describe patterns in their daily Patterns at homeIdentify and describe patterns in their daily schedule at school.Dist
                                        Earth Changes
Identify some changes that people experience over time--height, weight, and color of hair. Predict how their own height and we
                                        Earth observed easily.Many changes can be measured.
Not all things change at a rate that can be Measuring
                                        History and play; change: something that happens to make things different; family: a grou
community: a place where people live, work,Past Present
none                                    Civics Citizenship
                                        Civics Citizenship
Rules: -protect the rights of people and suggest good behavior-keep people safe
none                                    Civics Citizenship
none                                    Civics Citizenship
none                                    Civics Citizenship
                                        Civics Symbols
symbol: something that stands for something elsetradition: a custom of belief that happens over a long period of timepatriotic: s
Citizens say the Pledge of Allegiance to demonstrate respect for the American flag and the United States“I pledge allegiance to
                                        Civics Pledge
                                        Civics Diversity
People from different cultures living in the United States participate and contribute to their community by sharing information ab
contribution: the act of giving or doing something; George Washington: born in Virginia, farmer, brave leader of soldiers, first pr
                                        History People
holiday: a day on which something or someone is honored or rememberedColumbus Day: A day to remember the discovery of
                                        History Holidays
                                        Geography Maps
symbol: a picture that stands for something realIdentify the following map symbols: land, water, cities, roads
                                        Geography these
cardinal directions: North, East, South, WestUseMaps terms to determine location on simple maps.
                                        Geography from
Map: a drawing that shows what places look likeMaps above and where they are locatedGlobe: a round model of the Earth.Loc
none                                    Geography Maps
                                        Geography Maps
Map legend: lists shapes and symbols used on a map and explains what they stand forAll maps have legends including symbol
                                        Geography Adaptations
Location: where people live; Climate: weather and seasons over a period of time; Physical surroundings: land and bodies of wa
                                        Economics Goods wants.Services: activities that satisfy people’s wantsBuyer: a person wh
Goods: things people make or use to satisfy needs and Services
                                        Economics Choices
People cannot have all the goods and services they want.They must choose some things and give up others.
                                        Economics Money
Money: a medium of exchangeSavings: money put away to save or spend laterPeople save money to buy goods and services i
                                        Investigation Senses
To communicate an observation accurately, one must provide a clear description of exactly what is observed and nothing more
                                        Investigation Tools
Simple tools, such as a magnifying glass, ruler, and thermometer, can extend the observations that people make.
                                        Investigation Properties
Classify and arrange objects or events according to at least two attributes or properties so that similarities and differences beco
                                         data, making it easier
Graphs are powerful ways to displayInvestigation Graphs to recognize important information. Describing things accurately as
                                        Investigation Measurement
Standard measures are important for describing an object because standard measures are recognized by everyone. Many non
                                         may happen in some future
A prediction is a forecast about whatInvestigation Observations situation. It is based on information and evidence. A prediction
                                         to answer a Experiments
An experiment is a fair test designedInvestigation questionAnswer questions by conducting simple experiments/investigations, u
                                        Investigation Inference
An inference is a conclusion based on evidence about events that have already occurred.
An object’s motion may be described by tracing and measuring its position over time. The motion of objects may be straight, ci
                                        Force Motion
                                         vibration. Vibrations may create sound.Vibrations may create sound, such as humming, s
One kind of back-and-forth motion isForce Motion
                                        Force and motion of objects. For the same object, the size of the change is related to the
Pushing or pulling can change the position Motion
Make and communicate observations about moving objects. Examples should include balls, objects with wheels, windup toys,
                                        Force Motion
                                        Matter Mixtures
Different materials react differently when mixed with water. Some liquids will mix with water, while others will not.
                                        Matter Mixtures
Some solids will dissolve in water, while others will not. Describe and apply the term dissolve. Predict and describe how variou
                                        Matter Mixtures
Infer that some substances will dissolve more easily in hot water than in cold water by conducting investigations using water at
                                        Life air, water, light, or place to grow) at a time. Conduct simple experiments/investigation
Plants have basic needs, including food, Plants
                                        Life Plants
Plants have different structures that serve different functions in growth, survival, and reproduction. The functions of plant parts
                                        Life Plants
Plants can be categorized by their different characteristics, such as edible/nonedible, flowering/nonflowering, and evergreen/de
                                        Life Animals
Animals and people have basic life needs, including air, food, water, and a suitable place to live. Make and communicate obse
                                        Life Animals
Identify and chart simple characteristics by which animals can be classified, including body coverings (hair, fur, feathers, scales
                                        Life Animals
Distinguish between wild animals (raccoon, hawk, squirrel, shark) and tame animals (dog, cat, sheep) and recognize examples
                                        Space Sun
Infer that sunlight striking an object makes the object warmer. Conduct simple experiments to show how sunlight changes the
The rotation of Earth means that Earth turns once a day. The part of Earth facing the sun has daytime and the part not facing th
                                        Space Day
                                        Earth Seasons
Measure and chart changes in plants, including budding, growth, wilting, and losing leaves. Recognize in what season budding
                                        Earth Seasons as a result
Some animals hibernate and some animals migrate Adaptationsof seasonal changes, resulting in changes in habitat. The body
                                         snow, and ice Changes
Identify types of precipitation as rain,Earth Seasons and the temperature conditions that result in each one. Relate a temperatu
                                        Resources
Natural resources provide us with the things we need in order to live, including food, clothing, water, air, shelter, land, and ener
                                        Resources
What we put into the air, especially the products of the fuels we burn, affects the quality of the air. Animal, including human and
                                                      Resources
              Many natural resources are limited and cannot be renewed. Other resources are limited and cannot be renewed, but they may
                                                      History Ancient
              Ancient: long, long ago; Architecture: the design of buildings; Contribution: the act of giving or doing something. China: Written
              none                                    Civics Citizenship
              none                                    Civics Citizenship
              none                                    Civics Citizenship
              none                                    Civics Citizenship
              none                                    Civics Citizenship
                                                       freedom from
              George Washington: led the fight forHistory People England, helped establish a new country; Abraham Lincoln: president of the
                                                      Civics Diversity
              People living in the US, who have diverse ethnic origins, customs, and traditions, participate in and contribute to their communi
                                                      History characteristics Contribution: the act of giving or doing something. Powhatan: Regi
              Regions: places that have common (similar)Indians
                                                      History Changes
              Community: a place where people live, work, and playPopulation: the number of people living in a communityTransportation: a
              none                                    Geography Ancient
              none                                    Geography Indians
                                                      Geography Regions
              China: Climate--seasons; Land--forests, hills, mountains, deserts; Plants--great variety of plant life. Egypt: Climate--hot, dry; La
                                                       and irrigated the land.
              The ancient Chinese fished, farmed,Geography AdaptationsThe ancient Egyptians farmed and irrigated the land near the Nile R
                                                      Geography Maps
              Equator: an imaginary line around the middle of the Earth. Continent: a large body of land on the Earth.The seven continents: N
                                                       River.” Therefore
              (Rio Grande translates to the “GrandGeography Maps it should not be taught as the “Rio Grand River.”)
                                                      Geography of shapes and symbols used on a map and an explanation of what each stand
              Title: the name or kind of mapMap Legend: a listMaps
                                                      Economics Resources
              Natural resources: resources that come from nature (water, soil, wood, minerals, air, sun)Human resources: people working to
                                                      Economics Money
              Barter: the exchange of goods and services without the use of moneyMoney: coins, paper bills, and checks used in exchange f
                                                      Economics Producer
              Scarcity: not being able to meet all wants at the same timeConsumer: a person who uses goods and servicesProducer: a perso
                                                      Investigation Observation
              Conduct simple experiment, make predictions, gather data from those experiment, repeat observations to improve accuracy, a
                                                      Investigation Observation
              The more times an observation is repeated, the greater the chance of ensuring the accuracy of the observation. In order to com
                                                      Investigation are classified according to their common characteristics. Classify items, usin
              It is easier to see how things are related if objects Classify
                                                      Investigation Change
ent will conduct investigations in whichd) conditions that influence a change are defined;
                                                      Investigation Measurement
              Scientific investigations require standard measures, reliable tools, and organized collection and reporting of data. The way data
                                                      Investigation Graphs
              Construct and interpret picture and bar graphs with numbered axes depicting the distribution of data
                                                      Investigation Unusual
              Analyze sets of objects, numerical data, or pictures, and create basic categories to organize the data (descriptive or numerical)
                                                      models, it is Models
              By constructing and studying simple Investigation sometimes easier to understand how real things work. Construct and interpre
                                                       iron or nickel.
              Magnets can attract objects made ofForce Magnets Magnets can be artificially made from special metals or can occur naturally
                                                      Force Magnets
              Predict which materials will be attracted to magnets, test the predictions, and create a chart that shows the results, classifying m
                                                       matter. Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. Mass is a measure of the
              All common substances are made ofMatter Measurement
                                                       another. When
              Matter can change from one state toMatter States matter changes from one state to another, these changes are referred to
                                                      Life Animals
              Throughout their lives, plants and animals undergo a series of orderly and identifiable changes. Changes in living things over ti
                                                      Life Plants
              An important part of the life cycle of a flowering plant is the formation of the flower to the development of the fruit. Identify and d
                                                       living things
              Living things are dependent on otherLife Habitats and their nonliving surroundings for survival. All of the interactions between a
                                                       forests, grasslands, rivers, and streams, change due to many influences. Habitats change
              The habitats of living things, such asLife Habitats
              The Earth’s weather changes continuously from day to day. Changes in the weather are characterized by daily differences in w
                                                      Space Weather
                                                      Space Weather
              Weather data is collected and recorded using instruments. This information is very useful for predicting weather and determini
                                                      Space Weather
              Measure and record weather data, using weather instruments, including a thermometer, rain gauge, and weather vane (standa
                                                      Earth Adaptation
              Living things respond to weather and seasonal changes. This can be reflected in changes in growth and behavior. Adverse co
                                                      Earth Adaptation
              The outward coloration and coloration patterns of many animals are similar in appearance to the plants in the places in which th
                                                      Earth weathering and erosion. Land surfaces that are not covered with or protected by pla
              Land surfaces are subject to the agents of Erosion
                                                       and materials, which benefit human beings as well as other living things. Plant products in
              Plants provide many useful productsResources Plants
                                                      Resources areas,
              Plants may grow well only in certain geographic Plants thus enabling the production of plant products that allow humans to live
                                                      Resources Plants
              Plants provide homes and food for many animals. Plants are also important agents in the prevention of erosion. Compare and
                                                      History Ancient
              Contribution: the act of giving to or doing something for othersDirect Democracy: a government in which people vote to make th
                                                      History Ancient
              The Arts: Examples of their artistic skills of creating mosaics, sculptures, and paintings can be found on some of our present da
                                                      Civics Government
              Community: a place where people live, work, and play.Rules: what people should and should not doLaws: rules people live by
                                                      Civics Government
              Government: group of people who make rules and laws, carry out rules and laws, and decide if rules and laws have been broke
                                                      Civics develop laws
              Governments are necessary because they Government and protect the rights and property of individuals.
                                                      Civics Citizenship
              Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness are privileges that people are born with and that cannot be taken away. Equality unde
                George Washington: born in Virginia; led fight for freedom from England and helped establish a new country; first president of t
                                                      Civics Citizenship
                                                      Civics refused to
                Rosa Parks: African American woman who Citizenship give up her seat on a public bus in Alabama as was required by law man
                                                      Civics Citizenship
                Veterans Day: This is a day for the recognition of and respect for Americans who served in the military. It is observed in Novem
                                                      Civics Citizenship
                Republican form of government: a representative democracy. The American people come from different ethnic origins and cou
                The empire of Mali (MAH-lee) did not have a written language, so the griots (GREE-ohs) or storytellers passed on traditions an
                                                      History Mali
                While Mansa Musa was on his journey, he persuaded some of the finest architects, scholars, and other professionals to return
                                                      History Mali
                                                      History sources of salt in the Sahara Desert and the gold region/mines of West Africa. Fo
                Mali lay across the trade routes between theMali
                                                      History sometimes the exchange of salt and gold took place through “silent trade/barter.”
                Because of the lack of a common language,Mali
                                                      History new lands
                Explorer: a person who travels searching forExplorers and adventures.European: a person who was born or who permanently
                                                      History Explorers
                Jacques Cartier: from France; wanted to colonize the New World; explored the St. Lawrence River Valley (near Quebec, Canad
                                                      Geography Ancient
                Ancient Greece and Rome were located on the continent of Europe near the Mediterranean Sea. The empire of Mali was locat
                Physical Characteristics: Ancient Greece: located among mountains and hills’ surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea; had limite
                                                      Geography Ancient
                                                      Geography Ancient
                Ways They Adapted to Their Environment:Ancient Greece: People farmed on hillsides; trading took place on the Mediterranean
                                                      Geography Maps
                The physical shapes of the continents (North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica) and the posit
                                                        created by the Prime Meridian or the EquatorEquator: an imaginary line around the middle
                Hemisphere: half of a sphere (globe)Geography Maps
                                                      Geography Maps
                England, Spain, and France are located on the continent of Europe. The United States is located on the continent of North Am
                                                      Geography Maps
                San Salvador is located in the general area of the Bahamas. St. Augustine is located in Florida. Quebec is located in Canada.
                                                      Geography Maps
                The letter and number coordinates of a grid system identify the exact location of a place
                                                      Geography Information
                Common characteristics: same features that belong to a place or region. Maps, tables, graphs, charts, and pictures are visual
                Natural resources: resources that come from nature (water, soil, wood, coal). Human resources: people working to produce go
                                                      Economics Resources
                                                      of people who focus
                Specialization: individuals or groups Economics Ancient on one product or service. Interdependence: two or more people dep
                                                      Economics alternatives or possibilities. Opportunity cost: the next best choice that is given
                Economic choice: the choice or decision among Choices
                                                      Resources Interdependence
                Every living thing depends on every other living thing to survive. This is called interdependency.
                                                      Resources survival of plants
                Human actions, such as polluting, can affect theHuman Activity and animals.
                                                       diseases, and erosion can
                Natural events such as fires, floods, Resources Natural Events also affect the survival of plant and animal species.
                                                      Resources Conservation
                Conservation is the careful use and preservation of our natural resources. Resource renewal is a conservation practice in whic
                                                      Resources Energy
                The sun is the source of almost all energy on Earth. The sun is the direct source of light and heat energy.
                                                      Resources The force of flowing water and moving air (wind) can also be used to generate
                Sunlight, water, and wind are sources of energy.Energy
                                                      Resources uses,
                Wood comes from trees. It has many importantEnergyincluding its use as a fuel. Fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas
                                                      Resources Energy
                Some energy sources are renewable. That means that they can be replaced. Some energy sources are nonrenewable. That
                                                      Investigation Observations
                Complete observations are made using all of the senses. Simple instruments can help extend the senses. Predictions are sta
                                                      Investigation Classify
                It is sometimes useful to organize objects according to similarities and differences. By organizing objects in sets and subsets, i
                Questions frequently arise from observations. Hypotheses can be developed from those questions. Data gathered from an inve
                                                      Investigation Hypothesis
                                                      Investigation Volume
                Metric measurements including centimeters, grams, milliliters, and degrees Celsius, are a standard way to record measuremen
                                                       length is measured
ent will plan and conduct investigations in whiche) Investigation Lengthto the nearest centimeter;
                                                      Investigation Mass
ent will plan and conduct investigations in whichf) mass is measured to the nearest gram;
                                                      Investigation Graphs
                In order for data from an investigation to be most useful, it must be organized so that it can be examined more easily. Charts a
                                                       temperature Temperature
ent will plan and conduct investigations in whichh) Investigation is measured to the nearest degree Celsius;
                                                      Investigation Time
ent will plan and conduct investigations in whichi) time is measured to the nearest minute;
                                                      Investigation
                An inference is a conclusion based on evidence Inference
                                                        allows us to Sequence
                Putting natural events in a sequenceInvestigation notice change over time. Sequence natural events chronologically (Example-
                                                      Force Machines
                The lever is a stiff bar that moves about a fixed point (fulcrum). It is used to push, pull, or lift things. Examples--seesaw, crowb
                                                        plane wrapped
                (continued) The screw is an inclinedForce Machines around a cylinder or cone. A common use of the screw is to hold objects t
                                                      Force easier. Examples of tasks made easier include lifting a heavy weight, moving a hea
                Simple machines are tools that make work Machines
                                                      Force Machines
                A compound machine is a combination of two or more simple machines. Examples include scissors, wheelbarrow, and bicycle
                                                      Force of simple
                Differentiate and classify specific examplesMachines machines found in school and household items. These include a screwdr
                                                        more
                Infer that objects are made of one orMatter materials based on observations of the physical properties that are common to each
                                                      Matter
                Compare the physical properties of smaller pieces of a material to those physical properties of the entire material.
                                                        if the
                Design an investigation to determineMatterphysical properties of a material will remain the same if the material is reduced in siz
                                                        and physical adaptations allow animals to respond to life needs. Key concepts includea) m
ent will investigate and understand that behavioral Life Adaptations
                                                       sleep in which their body activities slow down and they can live off stored food (hibernation
                Some animals go into a deep winter Life Adaptations
                                                      Life Adaptations
                (continued) Some animals are born with natural behaviors that they need in order to survive in their environments. These beha
                                       Life Habitats
A green plant makes its own food from sunlight, air, and water. Green plants are producers. A consumer is an animal that eat
                                       Life web, can
A food chain, which shows part of a food Habitats have an animal that eats only plants (herbivore). It can have an animal that
                                        get Habitats
An animal can hunt other animals to Life its food (predator).An animal can be hunted by another animal for food (prey).A food c
                                       those with fresh water or salt water. Examples include ponds, marshes, swamps, streams
Water-related environments include Life Habitats
                                       Life Habitats
Dry-land environments include deserts, grasslands, rain forests, and forests. Describe major dry land environments and exam
                                         of Habitats
A population is a group of organismsLifethe same kind that lives in the same place. Examples of a population are a group of sw
                                       Earth Soil
Soil is important because many plants grow in soil, and it provides support and nutrients for the plants. Over many years, weat
                                        a natural
Topsoil is the upper soil surface and Earth Soil product of subsoil and bedrock. Topsoil is best for plant growth. Subsoil and be
                                       Earth Soil
Humus is decayed matter in soil. It adds nutrients to the soil. It is located in the topsoil. Clay contains tiny particles of soil that
                                       it should be
Since soil takes a long time to form, Earth Soil conserved, not wasted.
A cycle is a repeated pattern. A sequence is a series of events that occur in a natural order. The pattern of day and night is cau
                                       Space Day Night Seasons
                                       Space Moon Tides
(continued) The cycle of phases of the moon occurs as the moon makes one revolution around the Earth. The shapes we see f
                                       Life Cycle
Plants and animals undergo life cycles. For example, frogs begin as eggs in water. The eggs grow into tadpoles, the tadpoles
                                       Earth Water Cycle
The water cycle is the movement of water from the ground to the air and back to the ground by evaporation, condensation, and
                                       Earth Water changed to a gas (evaporation). The gas is cooled and changed back to a liq
During the water cycle, liquid water is heated and Cycle
                                       Earth Water Cycle
Water is a simple compound essential for life on Earth. Living cells are mostly water. In each cell, the chemicals necessary for
                                         Pollution reduces
Our water supply on Earth is limited. Earth Water Cycle the amount of usable water; therefore, the supply should be conserved
                                       Geography Virginia
Relative location: next to, near, borderingBordering bodies of water: Atlantic Ocean, Chesapeake BayBordering states: Marylan
                                       Geography the Atlantic Ocean and Chesapeake Bay (includes Eastern Shore), east of the
Coastal Plain: (Tidewater) flat land, located nearVirginia
                                       Geography Virginia
Peninsula: land bordered by water on three sidesAtlantic Ocean: provided transportation links between VA and worldChesapea
Christopher Columbus called them “Indians” because he thought he was in the Indies (near China). Algonquian: primarily in Co
                                       Geography Indians
                                       Geography Indians
Four seasons: spring (mild temperatures with rain showers); summer (hot and relatively dry); fall (cool with rain); winter (cold w
In 1606, King James I issued a charter authorizing a group of investors to form the Virginia Compnay of London to settle coloni
                                       History Jamestown
                                       Geography Jamestown
First consideration for selecting site were options for defense from land and sea; second were adequate harbor facilities (deep
                                       History Virginia Company of London. It extended English rights to colonists. In 1606, the F
The King of England granted charters to the Jamestown
In 1619 the governor of Virginia called a meeting of the Virginia Assembly. This system of government included two citizen rep
                                       History Jamestown
                                       History Jamestown
The arrival of women in 1620 made it possible for the settlers to establish families and a more permanent settlement. Africans
                                       History Jamestown
The English colonists found life in Jamestown harder than they had expected. The site they chose to live on was marshy and
                                       History Jamestown
The Powhatan people and the English settlers at Jamestown established trading relationships and for a while had positive inter
                                       History Jamestown
The success of tobacco as a cash crop transformed life in the Virginia colony and encouraged slavery. A cash crop is a crop th
                                       Geography Diversity
Whenever people settle an area, they change the landscape to reflect the beliefs, customs, and architecture of their culture. Ex
Factors that influenced the move from Jamestown to Williamsburg: (1) Drinking water was contaminated by salt water. (2) Dirty
                                       Geography
                                       Economics Jamestown
Money was not commonly used in early agricultural societies. Money: a medium of exchange (currency, including coins, paper
                                       Civics Revolutionary the
Colonists and the English Parliament disagreed over how Warcolonies should be governed: (1) Parliament believed it had legal
                                       from Virginia, served War
James Armistead Lafayette, a slave History Revolutionary in the Continental Army and was given his freedom after the war. Ge
                                       History Revolutionary against the English, leading to the English surrender at Yorktown. S
Virginia patriots served in the Continental Army and foughtWar
                                       Investigation Observations
To communicate an observation accurately, one must provide a clear description of exactly what is observed and nothing more
                                       Investigation Hypothesis
A scientific prediction is a forecast about what may happen in some future situation. It is based on the application of scientific p
                                       Investigation Variables
In order to conduct an experiment, one must recognize all of the potential variables or changes that can affect its outcome.A m
                                       Investigation Tools
Systematic investigations require standard measures (metric), consistent and reliable tools, and organized reporting of data. T
                                       Investigation Measurement
Use millimeters, centimeters, meters, kilometers, milliliters, liters, grams, and kilograms in measurement
                                        measures, or pictures; classify them into basic categories to organize the data (descriptiv
Analyze a set of 20 or fewer objects,Investigation Graphs
                                        set of results Unusual
Judge which, if any, data in a simple Investigations (generally 10 or fewer in number) appear to be considerably outside the expe
                                       Investigations Predictions
Make predictions based on picture graphs, bar graphs, and basic line graphs.
                                       Force by locating it relative to another object or to the background.Tracing and measuring
The position of an object can be described Motion
                                       Force Motion
A force is any push or pull that causes an object to move, stop, or change speed or direction.The greater the force, the greater
                                       Force by two
Friction is the resistance to motion created Motion objects moving against each other. Friction creates heat
                                       Force Motion
Energy may exist in two states: kinetic or potential. Kinetic energy is the energy of motion.
                                       Force Electricity
Electrical energy moves through materials that are conductors (metals). Insulators (rubber, plastic, wood) do not conduct elect
                                       Force Electricity
A continuous flow of negative charges (electrons) creates an electric current. The pathway taken by an electric current is a circ
                                       Force static electricity. Design an investigation using static electricity to attract or repel a v
Rubbing certain materials together creates Electricity
                                         into heat, light,
Electrical energy can be transformedForce Electricity or mechanical energy.
                                        Force Electricity
Certain iron-bearing metals attract other such metals (also nickel and cobalt). Lines of force extend from the poles of a magne
                                         permanent magnet and an electromagnet. Explain how electricity is generated by a movin
(continued) Compare and contrast a Force Electricity
                                         and Thomas Edison made important discoveries about electricity.
Benjamin Franklin, Michael Faraday,Force Electricity
                                        are Plants Parts
For many typical green plants, there Life anatomical structures that perform certain basic functions. For example, roots anchor
                                        Life Plants Reproduction
The plant kingdom can be divided into two general groups: those that produce seeds and those that produce spores. Many se
                                         through the process of photosynthesis. Green plants use chlorophyll to produce food (sug
Green plants produce their own foodLife Plants Photosynthesis
                                        Life Plants Dormancy
Dormancy is a period of suspended life processes brought on by changes in the environment.
                                        Life Habitats Adaptations
Organisms have structural adaptations, or physical attributes, that help them meet a life need. Organisms also have behaviora
                                        Life Habitats
The organization of communities is based on the utilization of the energy from the sun within a given ecosystem. The greatest
The sun’s energy cycles through ecosystems from producers through consumers and back into the nutrient pool through decom
                                        Life Habitats Food Webs
                                         water, shelter,
An organism’s habitat provides food,Life Habitats and space. The size of the habitat depends on the organism’s needs. A n
                                        Life the community, its niche, may change. For example, what an animal eats, what eats
During its life cycle, an organism’s role inCycles
                                        Life Human Activity
Humans can have a major impact on ecosystems. Habitat is the place or kind of place in which an animal or plant naturally live
                                        Space of heat energy in the
Temperature is the measure of the amount Weather Instruments atmosphere. Air pressure is due to the weight of the air and is
                                        Space of different temperature and humidity. Cirrus, stratus, cumulus, and cumulo-nimbu
A front is the boundary between air massesWeather Fronts
                                        Space associated with
Cirrus clouds are feathery clouds. They areWeather Storms fair weather. Cirrus clouds often indicate that rain or snow will fall
                                        Space the sun Revolution
The Earth completes one revolution aroundRotation every 365 days. The moon revolves around the Earth about once every m
                                        Spaces Seasons Moon
Due to its axial tilt, the Earth experiences seasons during its revolution around the sun. The phases of the moon include the ne
                                        Space Relationships
The sun is an average-sized yellow star, about 110 times the diameter of the Earth. The sun is approximately 4.6 billion years
(continued) The Earth is a geologically active planet with a surface that is constantly changing. Unlike the other three inner plan
                                        Space Relationships
                                        Space History
Our understanding of the solar system has changed from an Earth-centered model of Aristotle and Ptolemy to the sun-centered
A watershed is an area over which surface water (and the materials it carries) flows to a single collection place. The Chesapea
                                        Resources Virginia
                                        Resources Virginia
Virginia is rich in a wide variety of natural resources, including forests, arable (farmable) land, coal, sand and aggregates (rocks
                                        Resources Virginia
Recognize the importance of Virginia's mineral resources, including coal, limestone, granite, and sand and gravel.
Natural and cultivated forests are a widespread resource in Virginia. Virginia’s soil and land support a great variety of life, provi
                                        Resources Virginia
The government of Virginia is divided into three branches: (1) The General Assembly is the legislative branch of the Virginia go
                                        Civics Government Virginia
                                        Geography Regions Virginia
(1) Coastal Plain (Tidewater) Products: Seafood; Industries: Shipbuilding, tourism, federal military installations. The shipyard in
(continued) The Piedmont Region has fruit, orchard, cattle, horses and cotton and tobacco fields. Tobacco is one of the main p
                                        Geography Regions Virginia
Virginia’s transportation system (highways, railroads, and air transportation) moves raw materials to factories and finished prod
                                        Economics Transportation
none                                    Analysis
none                                    Analysis
none                                    Analysis
none                                    Analysis
none                                    Analysis
none                                    Analysis
none                                    Analysis
none                                    Analysis
none                                    Analysis
George Washington, a Virginian, was elected as the first President of the United States of America. He provided the strong lea
                                        History Revolutionary War
                                        History Revolutionary War
The Virginia Declaration of Rights, written by George Mason, states that all Virginians should have certain rights, including freed
After the American Revolution, Virginia’s agricultural base began to change, and as a result large numbers of Virginians moved
                                        History Revolutionary War
                                        the United States
The economy in the northern part of History Civil War was industrialized, while in the southern part it was agricultural and relied
                                        States Civil War
John Brown led a raid on the United History Armory (Arsenal) at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. He was trying to start a slave rebellion.
                                        History Civil first
(1) The Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas) was theWar major clash of the Civil War. Confederate General Thomas “Stonewall” J
                                        History southern
(4) Lincoln used the Union navy to blockade Civil War ports. An important sea battle between the Monitor (Union) and the Merr
                                        the Civil War in which Congress passed laws designed to rebuild the country and bring the
Reconstruction: the period following History Civil War
                                        History Civil after
Sharecropping was a system common in VirginiaWar the war in which freedmen and poor white farmers rented land from a la
Segregation: the separation of people, usually based on race or religionDiscrimination: an unfair difference in the treatment of p
                                        History Civil War
                                        History Civil poll
(continued) “Jim Crow” Laws included: (1) Unfair War taxes and voting tests were established to keep African Americans from v
                                        History Civil War
Railroads were a key to the expansion of business, agriculture, and industry. They facilitated the growth of small towns to cities
                                        Economics Crop prices
Old systems of farming were no longer effective.Segregation were low. People moved from rural to urban areas for economic
Desegregation: Abolishment of racial segregationIntegration: Full equality of all races in the use of public facilitiesThe U.S. Sup
                                        Economics Segregation
                Harry F. Byrd Sr. led a Massive Resistance Movement against the integration of public schools. He was a governor of Virginia
                                                       Economics Segregation
                                                       Investigation Classification
                A classification key is an important tool used to help identify objects and organisms. It consists of a branching set of choices or
                                                       Investigation measures
                Estimation is a useful tool for making approximateEstimate and giving general descriptions. In order to make reliable estimat
                                                       Investigation meter sticks,
                Appropriate instruments include centimeter rulers,Measurement graduated cylinders, balances, and stopwatches, for making ba
                                                        to make measurements and are recognized around the world. Metric measures include m
                Metric measures are a standard wayInvestigation Tools
                                                       Investigation see important patterns, trends, and relationships. Bar graphs and line graphs
                The way data are displayed can make it easier to Graphs
                                                       Investigation Predictions
                A scientific prediction is a forecast about what may happen in some future situation. It is based on the application of factual info
                                                       Investigation Variables
                Analyze the variables in a simple experiment and identify the manipulated (independent) and responding (dependent) variables
                                                       Investigation
                Scientific conclusions are based both on verifiable observations (science is empirical) and on inferences). Observation is the u
                                                       and transmitted by vibrating matter. Sound travels in waves and can be described by the w
                Sound is a form of energy produced Force Sound
                                                        of a vibrating
                Pitch is determined by the frequencyForce Sound object. Objects vibrating faster have a higher pitch than objects vibrating slo
                                                       Force Sound
                Some animals (such as bats, dogs, and whales) make and hear ranges of sound vibrations different from those that humans ca
                                                       Force Light
                Visible light is a combination of several different wavelengths of light traveling together. These wavelengths are represented by
                                                       Force When
                A prism can be used to refract visible light. Light the different wavelengths of light in visible light pass through a prism, they ar
                                                       Force Light
                Unlike sound, light waves travel in straight paths called rays and do not need a medium through which to move. Light travels in
                                                       Force and
                The relative terms transparent, translucent,Light opaque indicate the amount of light that passes through an object.
                                                       Force Light
                Identify experiments and contributions of inventors and scientists
                                                       Matter
                All matter, regardless of its size, shape, or color, is made of particles (atoms and molecules) that are too small to be seen by th
                                                       more substances
                A mixture is a combination of two or Matter Mixtures that do not lose their identifying characteristics when combined. A soluti
                                                       Matter States
                As its temperature increases, many kinds of matter change from a solid to a liquid to a gas. As its temperature decreases, that
                                                        carry out
                Living things are made of cells. CellsLife Cells all life processes. new cells come from existing cells. Cells are too small to be s
                                                       Life Kingdoms
                Organisms that share similar characteristics can be organized into groups in order to help understand similarities and differenc
                Plants can be categorized as vascular (having special tissues to transport food and water – for example, trees and flowering pla
                                                       Life Plants
                                                       Life Animals
                Animals can be categorized as vertebrates (having backbones) or invertebrates (not having backbones).
                                                       Earth the Earth. Important features of the ocean floor near the continents are the continen
                Oceans cover about 70% of the surface of Oceans
                                                       Earth Oceans
                The depth of the ocean varies. Ocean trenches are very deep, and the continental shelf is relatively shallow. Ocean water is a
                                                       Earth waters.
                Ocean currents affect the mixing of ocean Oceans This can affect plan and animal populations. Currents also affect navigation
                                                       Earth heat and
                Rocks move and change over time due to Rocks pressure within the Earth and to weathering and erosion at the surface. Th
                Scientific evidence indicates the Earth is very ancient – approximately 4.6 billion years old. The age of many rocks can be dete
                                                       Earth Fossils
                                                        Earth is composed of four concentric layers – crust, mantle, inner core, and outer core – e
                Scientific evidence indicates that theEarth Structure
                The Earth’s heat energy causes movement of material within the Earth. Large continent-size blocks (plates) move slowly abou
                                                       Earth Plate Tectonics
                Rocks and other materials on the Earth’s surface are constantly being broken down both chemically and physically. The produ
                                                       Earth Weathering Erosion
                Humans have varying degrees of impact on the Earth’s surface through their everyday activities. With careful planning, the imp
                                                       Earth Human Activity
                                                       Civics participating
ent will demonstrate that being a good citizen involves a) Citizenship in decision making in the classroom;
                                                       Civics participating
ent will demonstrate that being a good citizen involves g) Citizenship successfully in group settings.
                                                       Civics classroom
ent will apply the traits of a good citizen by participating inCitizenship decision making through voting.
                                                       Civics Government
ent will recognize that communities in Virginia a) have local governments
                                                       Civics Citizenship
ent will recognize that communities in Virginia b) benefit from people who volunteer in their communities;
                                                       Civics Government
ent will understand that the people of Virginia a) have state and local government officials who are elected by voters;
ent will explain the importance of the basic principles that form the foundation of a republican form of government by d) describing how peopl
ent will demonstrate knowledge of the physical geography and native peoples, past and present, of Virginia by f) describing how archaeologis
ent will demonstrate knowledge of the physical geography and native peoples, past and present, of Virginia by g) identifying and locating the
ent will demonstrate knowledge of life in the Virginia colony by e) describing everyday life in colonial Virginia.
ent will demonstrate knowledge of the issues that divided our nation and led to the Civil War by c) describing the roles played by whites, ensla
ent will demonstrate knowledge of twentieth- and twenty-first-century Virginia by b) identifying the impact of Virginians, such as Woodrow Wil
ent will demonstrate knowledge of twentieth- and twenty-first- century Virginia by d) identifying the political, social, and/or economic contributi
nment by d) describing how people can serve the community, state, and nation.
 by f) describing how archaeologists have recovered new material evidence at sites including Werowocomoco and Jamestown
 by g) identifying and locating the current state-recognized tribes.

g the roles played by whites, enslaved African Americans, free African Americans, and American Indians.
Virginians, such as Woodrow Wilson and George C. Marshall, on international events
social, and/or economic contributions made by Maggie L. Walker; Harry F. Byrd, Sr.; Oliver W. Hill; Arthur R. Ashe, Jr.; A. Linwood Holton, J
omoco and Jamestown




ur R. Ashe, Jr.; A. Linwood Holton, Jr.; and L. Douglas Wilder

								
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