20th century english literature 1 1 by x8M625X


Maria Nathalia
Prose, poetry, and drama written in
  English in the UK in the 1900s.
     Impact of World War I (1914–18)
       and World War II (1939–45).

Russian Revolution – Communism (1905-1917)

     Women’s Suffrage (Since 1902)

         Spanish Civil War (1936–39)

           Cold War 1945–1991
Dominated by the effects of World War I and II.

   Uncertain of the concept of ‘Britishness’.

     Doubting the principles on which the
    Victorians had based their social code.

         Uncertainty and complexity.
 John Buchan (The Thirty-Nine Steps, 1915)

Concerned with the politics of World War I and
               the Boer War.

 John Galsworthy (Forsyte Saga, 1906–22)

  Concerned more about social than political
Arnold Benett (The Clayhanger trilogy, 1910–15)

Focuses on escape from the Victorian past.

                         H.G. Wells (Kipps, 1905)

                      Moved towards anti-capitalism.

 E.M. Forster (A Passage to India, 1924)

Questions the attitude to the British Empire.
Playwrights questioned society
         and values

          Attacked class prejudice

                         Social satires
George Bernard Shaw   Pygmalion (1913)

    John Galsworthy   Strife (1901) and Justice

      Seán O'Casey    The Plough and the
                         Stars (1926)

      Noël Coward      Hay Fever, 1925;
                      Private Lives, 1930
           Unfulfilled hopes.

 Concerned with the realities of Irish

Irish mythology and mystic symbolism.

Waste and destruction of humanity in
       20th-century warfare.
Charlotte Mew   ‘The Farmer's Bride’ (1915)

Thomas Hardy    ‘The Darkling Thrush’ (1901)

   W B Yeats    ‘Easter’ (1916)

Rupert Brooke   ‘The war sonnets’ (1914)

 Wilfred Owen    ‘Counter-Attack’ (1918)
Disillusionment with Victorian era attitudes and

              Influenced by the ideas of Romanticism
                     and Karl Marx's political writings.

Impressionism and Cubism, were important
inspirations for modernist writers.

      The rise of imagism and free verse, forms which
       would dominate English poetry into the twenty-
                                          first century.
    T.S. Eliot   Wrote poetry, criticism, and

 James Joyce     Ulysses, 1922

D H Lawrence     Lady Chatterley's Lover,

Virginia Woolf   Mrs Dalloway, 1925
     Scientifically controlled future.

              The rise of the Nazis in Germany.

Political corruption and urban problems

              The creation of verse drama.

            Communist ideology.

                         Social vice
       Aldous Huxley    Brave New World, 1932

Christopher Isherwood   Goodbye to Berlin,1939

         W H Auden      Wrote verse drama

     Graham Greene      The Power and the
                           Glory, 1940

      George Orwell     Animal Farm, 1945

       J.B. Priestley   An Inspector Calls,1947
Fantasy Fiction

              Detective Fiction

                   Experimental and
                   philosophical work
   J R R Tolkien   The Lord of the Rings, 1954

  John Le Carré    The Spy Who Came in
                   From the Cold, 1963

 Samuel Beckett    Experimental and
                   philosophical work

Malcolm Bradbury    The History Man, 1975

            helped by
Terence Rattigan    The Winslow Boy, 1946

  John Arden         Live Like Pigs, 1958

   David Hare             Plenty,1978

  Caryl Churchill        Top Girls, 1982

                     Ryan's Daughter, 1970
    Robert Bolt

  Dennis Potter      The Singing Detective,
  Natural Imagery

              is combined

Personal viewpoints on
the human experience
                        Not Waving But
      Stevie Smith
                        Drowning , 1957

      Ted Hughes          Crow, 1970

   Seamus Heaney      Opened Ground, 1998

      Philip Larkin    High Windows, 1974

                         The Year of the
George Mackay Brown
                          Whale, 1965

   Charles Causley    Collected Poems, 1997
  Contemporary life and women's changing
              roles within it.

    Magic realism       Female Sexuality

Concerned about what the past can teach us.

        Manipulation of Language and
     Doris Lessing   Children of Violence, 1952

 Margaret Drabble    The Millstone, 1965

    Angela Carter    Nights at the Circus, 1984

Jeanette Winterson   Oranges Are Not the Only
                     Fruit, 1985

  Howard Brenton      The Romans in Britain

                      Lawrence of Arabia, 1962;
       Robert Bolt    Dr. Zhivago, 1965
 Fiction novels        Realist Regional

Criminal Non-Fiction    Horror Genre
Stan Barstow       A Kind of Loving, 1960

  John Braine      Room at the Top, 1957

   Alan Sillitoe   The Loneliness of the Long
                   Distance Runner, 1959

William Golding    Lord of the Flies, 1954

   Martin Amis     Dead Babies, 1975

  J.K. Rowling      Harry Potter

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