Age of Exploration Test Review by x8M625X


									                              Age of Exploration Test Review
    1. Which European country was the leader in developing sailing technology in the 15th

   2. Name two important technological developments in sailing and why they were important.

   3. What were the main motivations for the Europeans to go exploring?

   4. Which European prince established a navigational school to train explorers?

   5. What was the Treaty of Tordesillas and what did it represent?

    6. What was the encomienda system and why did the Spanish use it?

   7. Name the three reasons Hernando Cortés was able to defeat the Aztec Empire:

   8. Who was Bartolomé de Las Casa and what did he do for the Native Americans?

    9. Name three results of the French and Indian War:

   10. What was the major reason for the Pilgrims and Puritans coming to the “New World?”

    11. Why did the Europeans have to move to using African slaves to work on their

    12. What was the purpose of the joint-stock companies of the 1500 and 1600’s?

   13. What prompted the Columbian Exchange during the 16th and 17th centuries?

   14. Define Mercantilism:

   15. Define Capitalism:
    16. Who was Philip II and what did he do for the Catholic Church and for the Arts? (21.1)

Identify the following explorers:

   17. Amerigo Vespuccci:

   18. Hernando Cortés:

   19. Ferdinand Magellan:

   20. Francisco Pizzaro:

Excerpts from ‘A Letter Concerning Recently Discovered Islands’ by Christopher Columbus

       “Sir, as I know that you will be pleased at the great victory with which Our Lord has
       crowned my voyage, I write this to you, from which you will learn how in thirty-three
       days, I passed from the Canary Islands to the Indies with the fleet which the most
       illustrious king and queen, our sovereigns, gave to me.

       And there I found very many islands filled with people innumerable, and of them all I
       have taken possession for their highnesses, by proclamation made and with the royal
       standard unfurled, and no opposition was offered to me. To the first island, which I
       found, I gave the name San Salvador, in remembrance of the Divine Majesty…”

Based on your reading and your knowledge of world history answer the following questions:

   21. To whom might this letter be written?
       A. The Pope
       B. King Henry of England
       C. King Ferdinand of Spain
       D. The Archbishop of Portugal

   22. What indication does Christopher Columbus for why his journey was successful?
       A. The seas were calm
       B. God gave him a safe journey
       C. The king and queen funded it
       D. The natives gave them no problems

   23. Where does Christopher Columbus think he has landed?
       A. A “new world”
       B. Mexico
       C. South Africa
       D. The Indies

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