Also at Rome, the holy martyrs Fortunatus, Felician, Firmus and
At Orleans, St Flosculus, Bishop.
At Canterbury in England, the birthday of St Laurence, Bishop, who
governed that Church after St Augustine, and converted the king himself
to the faith.
The Third Day of February ENGLISH MARTYROLOGY
A T Sebaste in Armenia, the passion of St Blaise, Bishop and Martyr, a
worker of many miracles. Under the governor Agricolaus, after a
lengthy scourging he was hung upon a cross, his flesh torn with iron
Martyrologium Romanum Orthoxum
combs, and was condemned to a most foul prison, and cast into a lake. But
when he emerged thence in safety, at the command of the same judge he
was beheaded, together with two youths. But before him seven women,
who had collected the drops of blood that flowed from his body during his
tortures, were arrested for their Christian faith and slain by the sword after
In Africa, St Celerinus, Deacon, who was kept in prison for nineteen A translation of the 1956 edition edited to contain those saints and
days, and was a glorious confessor of Christ amid bonds and fetters and martyrs who died in communion with the Orthodox Church, i.e. before
various torments. He overcame his adversary by the unconquerable might 1054.
of his own struggle, and opened for others the path to victory.
In the same place three holy martyrs, relatives of the deacon Celerinus,
namely: Laurence, his paternal uncle, Ignatius, his maternal uncle, and
Celerina, his aunt, who had previously been crowned with martyrdom. A
letter of blessed Cyprian is extant, setting forth the praises of them all.
Likewise in Africa, the holy martyrs Felix, Symphronius, Hippolytus and
their companions. For reading at Prime as in the
In the town of Gap in France, SS. Tigides and Remedius, Bishops.
At Bremen, St Anschar, Bishop of Hamburg and later of Bremen, who MONASTIC DIURNAL or the ENGLISH BREVIARY
converted the Swedes and Danes to the faith of Christ, and was appointed
Apostolic Legate of all the North by Pope Gregory IV.
The Fourth Day of February
Also of blessed Alexander, who was arrested in the persecution of Decius, _________________________________________________________________
and gave up his spirit amid the torments of the torturers, glorious for his
venerable age and his repeated professions of the faith. RUBRICS OF THE MARTYROLOGY
At Edessa in Syria, St Barsen, Bishop, famous for the gift of healing, who ___________________________________________________
ended his life while exiled by the Arian Emperor Valens into the furthest
parts of that region for the sake of the Catholic faith.
At Jerusalem, the birthday of St Mathias, Bishop, of whom are told deeds (Résumé)
wondrous and full of faith; having suffered much for Christ's sake under
Hadrian, at length he rested in peace. 1. A Lesson from the Martyrology is read daily in choir, at Prime, before
At Pavia, St Armentarius, Bishop and Confessor. the versicle, Pretiosa, except on the three days before Easter, on which
At Milan, St Savina, a most pious woman, who fell asleep in the Lord days it is omitted.
while praying at the tombs of the martyrs SS. Nabor and Felix. 2. The reading containing the commemoration of the Saints of the
In the territory of Paris, St Bathildis, Queen, renowned for the glory of following day is read on the day preceding.
her miracles and her sanctity. 3. The reader does not ask a blessing, but begins forthwith by announcing
the day of the month; at the end he also reads the short lesson for the
conclusion of the chapter.
The Thirty-First Day of January
4. There are two exceptions to the rules (1 to 3) above: on Easter Sunday
and on the Commemoration of All the Faithful Departed the eulogy of
A T Rome, on the Via Portuensis, the holy martyrs Cyrus and John,
who after many torments were beheaded for Christ's sake.
At Alexandria, the birthday of St Metranus, Martyr, under the Emperor
these days is read on the day itself before announcing the day of the
month. Then follow the date and the other eulogies given on those days.
Decius. When he refused, at the command of the pagans, to utter wicked 5. The feasts whose office is said on the day in question are always placed
words, they wounded all his body with rods, and pierced his face and eyes first in order, even though there be no special eulogy given for them in the
with sharp stakes. Then they cast him out of the city still torturing him, Martyrology.
and there stoned him to death. 6. The following is the order to be observed in announcing the eulogies:
There also, the holy martyrs Saturninus, Thyrsus, and Victor. (a) First is announced any movable feast, if it occur, as given in the list
In the same city, the holy martyrs Tharsicius, Zoticus, Cyriac and their thereof, and also any vigil or octave that may occur. The order to be
companions. observed is:
At Cyzicus in the Hellespont, St Triphenes, Martyr, who overcame 1. A Sunday.
various torments, and was at last slain by a bull, meriting the palm of 2. Ash Wednesday.
martyrdom. 3. Any vigil.
At Modena, St Geminian, Bishop, famous for his miracles. 4. The Greater or Lesser Litanies.
At Rome, St Marcella, widow, in whose praises blessed Jerome wrote. 5. An octave day.
On the same day, the translation of St Mark the Evangelist, when his holy (b) The feasts whose office will be said on the day in question.
body was brought from Alexandria, then occupied by the barbarians, to (c) Feasts which have a commemoration in the office of the day in
Venice, and was there with high honour buried in the great church question.
dedicated to his name.
to Constantinople on this day under Theodosius the Younger; and thence RUBRICS OF THE MARTYROLOGY
afterwards to Rome, where it is buried in the Basilica of the Prince of the
Apostles. 10. On the day on which the office is recited, the eulogy to be read in the
At Le Mans in France, the death of St Julian, first bishop of that city, first place is as follows:
whom St Peter sent thither to preach the Gospel. (a) (for 9a): The Office of Saint (or Blessed) N.N., whose festival occurs
At Sora, St Julian, Martyr, who was arrested in the persecution of on . .
Antoninus under the governor Flavian. While he was being tortured, a (b) (for 9b or c): Saint (or Blessed) N.N., whose birthday occurs on . . .
temple of idols collapsed, and so he was beheaded and received the crown 11. The eulogies for The Greater Litanies and for the Commemoration
of martyrdom. of All the Faithful Departed are exceptions to the rules 9 and 10. These
In Africa, St A vitus, Martyr. eulogies are read only on the day on which the translation is recorded.
In the same place, the holy martyrs Datius, Reatrus, and their companions, 12. Lastly, it is to be noted that, in addition to the order referred to in rule
who suffered in the Vandal persecution. 7, the following order is to be observed:
Likewise, SS. Dativus, Julian, Vincent and twenty-seven other martyfS. (a) Other things being equal, the feasts that are mentioned in this
At Rome, St Vitalian, Pope. Martyrology are to be preferred to those given in any Appendix for a local
In the monastery of Bodon in France, St Maur, Abbot. church or diocese or nation or institute. These others are to be inserted in
their appropriate places after the Saints of the same category: thus martyrs
The Twenty-Eighth Day of January shall follow martyrs, confessors shall follow confessors, virgins shall
follow virgins; and non- virgins shall follow non-virgins.
A T Rome, second commemoration of St Agnes, Virgin-Martyr.
At Alexandria, the birthday of St Cyril, Bishop of that city,
Confessor and Doctor of the Church, who was a most renowned upholder
(b) Feasts of greater dignity are to be preferred to those of lesser dignity.
(c) A group of Saints takes its position from the highest category
mentioned among them.
of the Catholic faith, and rested in peace, illustrious for his teaching and (d) In the different grades as given above (under 12a) it is to be observed
holiness. His festival is, however, kept on February 9. that (1) Men take precedence over women Saints; (2) Clerics take
At Rome, St Flavian, Martyr, who suffered under Diocletian. precedence over other men Saints; (3) Among Clerics those with higher
At Alexandria, the passion of several holy martyrs, who on this day were ecclesiastical dignity are preferred to those with lesser; (4) Among women
slain in different ways by the party of Syrianus, the Arian leader, while Saints, virgins take precedence over non-virgins; (5) Among men and
they were assembled in the church. women Saints, those who died at Rome or whose bodies or chief relics are
At Apollonia, the holy martyrs Leucius, Thyrsus and Callinicus, who in preserved in that City are to take precedence over other Saints mentioned
the time of the Emperor Decius were tortured with various kinds of in the Martyrology.
torments, and consummated their martyrdom; the first and the last were 13. At the end of each day's reading is always added: And in other places
beheaded, but the second was called by a voice from heaven and gave up many other holy martyrs, confessors and holy virgins (p. 2). To which the
his spirit. choir make response: Thanks be to God (p. 2).
In the Thebaid, the holy martyrs Leonidas and his companions, who
gained the palm of martyrdom in the reign ofDiocletian.
In Palestine, St James, hermit, who, after a lapse from the faith, lay hid
long in a tomb for penance, and, famous for miracles, passed to the Lord.
At Antinoum, a city of Egypt, St Ascla, Martyr, who, after many torments, THE MOVABLE FEASTS
was thrown into a river and rendered up his precious soul to God.
At Alexandria, St John the Almsgiver, bishop of that city, celebrated for On the Festival Day of Easter, before the day of the month is announced.
his compassion for the poor. On this day, which the Lord has made, the Solemnity of solemnities, and
At Toledo, St Ildefonsus, Bishop, who because of the singular integrity of our Passover; the Resurrection of our Saviour Jesus Christ in the flesh.1
his life, and of the defence of the faith he made against the heretics who Then is announced the day of the month and the Martyrology for the
denied the virginity of the Mother of God, was by that same blessed following day is read as usual.
Mother clothed with a pure white garment, and at last, famed for his
holiness, was called to heaven. On the Saturday within the Octave of Easter.
In the province of Valeria, blessed Martyrius, monk, whom the blessed The Sunday of the laying aside of the white garments, and the
Pope Gregory commemorates. Octave-day of the Pasch.
The Twenty-Fourth Day of January On the Fifth Sunday after Easter.
At Rome Lesser Litanies at St Mary Major's.
A T Ephesus, St Timothy, the disciple of blessed Paul the Apostle, .by
whom he was ordained bishop at Ephesus. After he had there
undergone much suffering for Christ's sake for rebuking those ,vho
At Rome Lesser Litanies at St John Lateran's.
sacrificed to Diana, he was set upon with stones, and a short while after On Rogation Tuesday.
fell asleep in the Lord. The Vigil of the Ascension of our Lord Jesus Christ. At Rome, Lesser
At Antioch, St Babilas, Bishop, who, in the persecution of Decius, after Litanies at St Peter's.
he had often glorified God by his sufferings and torments, reached the end On theVigil of the Ascension.
of his life bound in fetters of iron. In these he commanded that his body On Mount Olivet the Ascension of our Lord Jesus Christ.
should be buried. It is said that there suffered with him three youths, On the Friday after the Sunday following the Ascension.
Urban, Prilidian and Epolonius, whom he had instructed in the faith of The Vigil of Pentecost.
Christ. On the Vigil of Pentecost.
At Foligno in Umbria, St Felician, who was ordained bishop of that city The day of Pentecost, when the Holy Spirit came upon the disciples at
by Pope Victor the First, and in his extreme old age was crowned with Jerusalem in tongues of fire.
martyrdom, under Decius, after many labours. On the Saturday within the Octave of Pentecost.
At Neocresarea, the holy martyrs Mardoni\ls, Musonius, Eugene and The Feast of the Most Holy and undivided Trinity, and the Octave- day of
Mellus, who all were delivered to the flames, and their relics scattered in a Pentecost.
river. On the Wednesday after the Octave of Pentecost.
Also the holy martyrs Thyrsus and Projectus. The Feast of the Most Holy Body of Christ.
At Cingoli in the March of Ancona, St Exuperantius, Confessor, Bishop
of that city, renowned for the fame of his miracles.
At Bologna, St lama, first bishop of that city, who was ordained by St
Denis, the Roman Pontiff, and wondrously spread abroad the Christian
faith in that place.
Also blessed Suranus, Abbot, who in the time of the Lombards was 1
Should Easter Day or Easter Monday fall on April 25, for Easter Tuesday is
renowned for holiness. read: At Rome, Greater Litanies at St Peter's.
At Nicrea in Bithynia, St Neophitus, Martyr, who, when fifteen years old, At Chieti in the Abruzzi, the birthday of St Justin, bishop of that city,
was scourged, cast into a furnace and thrown to the beasts; but as he renowned for the holiness of his life and for his miracles.
remained unhurt, and constantly professed the faith of Christ, he was at In the diocese of Lyons, in the monastery of Jura, St Eugendus, Abbot,
last slain with the sword. whose life shone resplendent with miracles and virtues.
At Cesena, St Maur, Bishop, renowned for his virtues and miracles. In At Alexandria, death of St Euphrosyne, Virgin, who was renowned in her
Palestine, the birthday of St Euthymius, Abbot, who flourished monastery for the virtue of abstinence and for her miracles.
in the Church in the time of the Emperor Marcian, full of zeal for Catholic And elsewhere many other holy martyrs, confessors and holy virgins.
teaching and mighty in miracles. . Thanks be to God.
The Second Day of January
The Twenty-First Day of January
T Rome, the passion of St Agnes, Virgin, who, under Symphronius,
the prefect of the City, was cast into the flames. At her prayer they
A T Rome, the commemoration of many holy martyrs, who refused to
obey the edict of Diocletian ordering the surrender of the sacred
books, and chose rather to give their bodies to the executioners than holy
were extinguished, and she was slain with the sword. Blessed Jerome things to the dogs.
writes thus concerning her: "The life of Agnes is praised in the literature At Antioch, the passion of blessed Isidore, Bishop.
and speech of all peoples, especially in the Churches, she who overcame At Tomi in Pontus, the three holy young brothers, Argeus, Narcissus and
both her age and the tyrant, and consecrated by martyr- dom her claim to Marcellinus. The last was forcibly enrolled among the recruits under
chastity." Prince Licinius and when he refused to perform military service was
At Athens, the birthday of St Publius, Bishop, who after St Denis the flogged almost to death and kept tormented in prison. At last he was
Areopagite nobly ruled the Church of the Athenians. Might)T in virtue thrown into the sea, and so consummated his martyrdom; his brothers
and renowned for his teaching, he was gloriously crowned by martyrdom were slain by the sword.
for Christ's sake. At Milan, St Martinian, Bishop.
At Tarragona in Spain, the holy martyrs Fructuosus, Bishop, Augurius At Nitria in Egypt, blessed Isidore, Bishop and Confessor. On the same
and Eulogius, Deacons, who in the time of Gallienus were first thrown day St Siridion, Bishop.
into prison, then cast into the flames, and when their bonds were burnt In the Thebaid, St Macarius of .Alexandria, Abbot.
through, stretched out their hands in prayer in the form of a cross, and so
fulfilled their martyrdom. On this their birthday St Augustine delivered a The Third Day of January
discourse to the people.
In the monastery of Einsiedeln in Switzerland, St Meinrad, Priest and
Monk, who in that same place, in which later the monastery arose, lived as
A T Rome, on the Appian Way, the birthday of St Antherus, Pope and
Martyr, who suffered under Julius Maximin, and was buried in the
cemetery of Callistus.
a recluse and was slain by robbers. The body of this blessed man, which At Vienne in France, St Florentius, Bishop, who was sent into exile in
was formerly buried in the monastery of Reichenau, in Germany, was the time of the Emperor Gallienus, and there consummated his
thence brought back to the monastery of Einsiedeln. martyrdom.
At Troyes in France, St Patroclus, Martyr, who merited the crown of In the city of Aulona in Palestine, the passion of St Peter, who was
martyrdom under the Emperor Aurelian. crucified.
At Pavia, St Epiphanius, Bishop and Confessor. In the Hellespont, the holy martyrs Cyrinus, Primus and Theogenes.
Thus is the reading of the Martyrology always ended.
The Seventeenth Day of January In Egypt, the commemoration of many holy martyrs, who were slain in
I N the Thebaid, St Antony, Abbot, the father of many monks, was most
renowned for his life and his miracles; St Athanasius set forth his deeds
in a famous book. His holy body was found by divine revelation, under the
the Thebaid by various kinds of torments during the persecution of
At Antioch, St Simeon, monk, who lived for many years on a pillar,
Emperor Justinian, brought to Alexandria, and buried in the church of St whence he received the surname Stylites; he was greatly renowned for his
John the Baptist. life and virtues.
At Langres, the holy brothers, triplets, Speusippus, Eleusippus and At Rome, St Emiliana, Virgin, aunt of Pope St Gregory, who passed on
Meleusippus, who together with their grandmother Leonilla received the this day to the Lord, at the call of her sister Tharsilla, who had gone to
martyr's crown in the time of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius. God before her.
At Bourges, in Aquitaine, the death of St Sulpicius, Bishop, surnamed the At Alexandria, St Syncletica, Virgin, whose wondrous deeds St
Pious, whose life and precious death were approved by glorious miracles. Athanasius has recorded in his writings.
At Rome, in the monastery of St Andrew, the blessed monks Antony, In Egypt, St Apollinaris, Virgin.
Merulus and John, of whom Pope St Gregory writes.
In the neighbourhood of Edessa, in Mesopotamia, St Julian, hermit, The Sixth Day of January
surnamed Sabas, who, in the reign of the Emperor Valens, when the
Catholic faith at Antioch had almost died, restored it by his miracles.
At Rome, the finding of the holy martyrs Diodorus, Priest, Marian,
T HE Epiphany of the Lord.
In Africa, the commemoration of many holy martyrs, who, in the
persecution of Severus, were burned at the stake.
Deacon, and their companions, who suffered martyrdom on December 1 In the neighbourhood of Rheims, the passion of St Macra, Virgin, who, in
during the pontificate of Pope St Stephen. the persecution of Diocletian, was cast into the fire at the command of the
The Eighteenth Day of January governor Rictiovarus, but remained unhurt. Afterwards her breasts were
T HE Chair of St Peter the Apostle on which he first sat in Rome.
At Rome, the passion of St Prisca, Virgin and Martyr, who after
many torments gained the crown of martyrdom under the Emperor
cut off, and she was cast into a foul prison; then she was rolled upon sharp
sherds and burning coals, and, in prayer, passed to the Lord.
At Rennes, in France, St Melanius, Bishop and Confessor, who displayed
Claudius. innumerable virtues, and, with his thoughts ever fixed on heaven, passed
In Pontus, the birthday of the holy martyrs Moseus and Ammonius, who from the world in glory.
as they were soldiers were first condemned to the mines, and later At Geri, in Egypt, St Nilammon, recluse, who gave up his spirit to God in
delivered to the flames. prayer, while he was being taken against his will to become a bishop.
In the same place, St Athenogenes, an old theologian, who, when about to
consummate his martyrdom by fire, joyfully sang a hymn, which he left in The Seventh Day of January
writing to his disciples.
At Tours in France, St Volusian, Bishop, who was captured by the Goths,
and gave up his spirit to God in exile.
In the monastery of Lure, in Burgundy, St Deicola, Abbot, who was Irish
T HE bringing back of the Child Jesus from Egypt.
At Nicomedia, the birthday of blessed Lucian, Priest and Martyr, of
the Church of Antioch, who was of passing great renown for his doctrine
by nationality and a disciple of blessed Columban. and his eloquence, and who suffered for loyalty to Christ in the perse-
At Tours in France, St Leobard, a recluse, who was distinguished for cution of Maximian Galerius. He is buried at Helenopolis in Bithynia and
extraordinary abstinence and humility. St John Chrysostom celebrated his praises.
At Como. St Liberata, Virgin. 11
In Sardinia, St Potius, Martyr, who suffered much under the Emperor The Ninth Day of January
.Antoninus and the governor Gelasius, and at last obtained martyrdom by
At Belgrade, in Yugoslavia, the holy martyrs Hermylus and Stratonicus,
A T Antioch, under Diocletian and Maximian, the birthday of St .Julian,
Martyr, and of Basilissa, Virgin, his wife, who kept her virginity
while with her husband, and ended her life in peace. But Julian (after a
who, after cruel tortures, were drowned in the Danube under the Emperor crowd of priests and ministers of Christ's Church, who fled to them
Licinius. because of the cruel persecution, had been burnt with fire) was tortured
The Fourteenth Day of January with many torments at the command of the governor Marcian and
S T Hilary, Bishop of Poitiers, Confessor and Doctor of the Church, who
on the previous day took flight to heaven.
At Nola in Campania, the birthday of St Felix, Priest, who (as St
condemned to death. With him suffered also Antony, a priest, and
Anastasius. The latter, after he had been raised from the dead, Julian
himself had made a sharer of Christ's grace. Celsus, a boy, with his mother
Paulinus, Bishop, writes), when he had been tortured and cast into prison Marcionilla, and his seven brothers, and many others, suffered martyrdom.
by his persecutors, and thrown bound upon sharp sherds, was released at At Smyrna, the holy martyrs Vitalis, Revocatus and Fortunatus.
night and led forth by an angel. Later when the persecution ceased, he In Africa, the holy martyrs Epictetus, Jucundus, Sccundus, Vitalis, Felix
there converted many to the faith of Christ by the example of his life and and seven others.
his doctrine, and rested in peace, renowned for his miracles. At Cæsarea, in Mauretania, St Marciana, Virgin, who was delivered to the
In Judæa, St Malachy, Prophet. beasts, and so consummated her martyrdom.
In Mount Sina, thirty-eight holy monks, slain by the Saracens for the faith At Sebaste, in Armenia, St Peter, Bishop, the son of SS. Basil and
of Christ. Emmelia, and brother also of SS. Basil the Great, Gregory of Nyssa,
In Egypt, in the district of Raithu, forty-three monks, who were slain by Bishops, and of Macrina, Virgin.
the Blemmyes for the Christian religion. At Ancona, St Marcellinus, Bishop, who, as St Gregory writes, delivered
At Milan, St Datius, Bishop and Confessor, of whom St Gregory the Pope that city from fire by divine power.
makes mention. ,.
In Africa, St Euphrasius, Bishop. The Tenth Day of January
At Neocæsarea in Pontus, St Macrina, a disciple of blessed Gregory the
Wonderworker, and grandmother of St Basil, whom she educated in the
I N the Thebaid, the birthday of St Paul, the first hermit, who remained
alone in the desert from the 16th to the 113th year of his age, St Antony
beheld his soul borne up to heaven by angels, amid the choirs of Apostles
The Fifteenth Day of January and Prophets. His feast, however, is kept on January 15.
S T Paul the first hermit, who on January 10 was translated to the ranks
of the blessed. In Anjou, blessed Maur, Abbot, a disciple of St
Benedict, in whose discipline he was educated from infancy. In this he
In Cyprus, blessed Nicanor the Deacon, one of the first seven deacons.
Admirable by his faith and virtue he received a glorious crown.
At Rome, St Agatho, Pope, remarkable for his holiness and learning,
made such progress that, while under this saint's care, among other things rested in peace.
he walked on the waters (a prodigy almost unheard of since Peter). He was At Milan, St John the Good, Bishop and Confessor. At Constantinople, St
then sent by Benedict into France, and built there a famous monastery, Marcian, Priest.
which he ruled for forty years, and renowned for his miracles then rested In the monastery of Cuxa, the birthday of St Peter Orseolo, Confessor,
in peace. erstwhile Duke of Venice, and then monk of the Order of St Benedict,
renowned for holiness and virtue.
The Eleventh Day of January On the same day, St Arcadius, Martyr, a man of noble birth and renowned
A T Rome, St Hyginus, Pope and Martyr, who gloriously consummated
his martyrdom In the persecution of Antoninus.
Also at Rome, the birthday of St Melchiades, Pope and Martyr, who
In Africa, the holy martyrs Zoticus, Rogatus, Modestus, Castulus, and
forty soldiers who were martyred.
suffered much in the persecution of Maximian, and, when peace had At Tivoli, St Zoticus, Martyr.
returned to the Church, fell asleep in the Lord. His feast-day is kept on At Ephesus, the passion of forty-two holy monks, who were cruelly
December 10. tortured under Constantine Copronymus in defence of the veneration of
At Fermo, in Piceno, St Alexander, Bishop and Martyr. At Amiens, St holy images, and consummated their martyrdom.
Salvius, Bishop and Martyr. At Ravenna, St John, Bishop and Confessor. At Verona, St Probus,
In Africa, blessed Salvius, Martyr, on whose birthday St Augustine Bishop.
delivered a discourse to the people of Carthage. In England, St Benedict, Abbot and Confessor.
At Alexandria, the holy martyrs Peter, Severus and Leucius. At Brindisi,
St Leucius, Bishop and Confessor. The Thirteenth Day of January
In Judrea, St Theodosius the Coenobiarch, born in the village of
Magarasso in Cappadocia; who suffered much for the Catholic faith and at
last died in peace in the monastery which he had erected on a lonely hill in
C OMMEMORATION of the Baptism of our Lord Jesus Christ.
At Poitiers in France, the birthday of St Hilary, Bishop and
Confessor, who on behalf of the Catholic faith, for which he fought
the diocese of Jerusalem. valiantly, was sent into exile in Phrygia for four vears, and there among
In the Thebaid, St Palaemon, Abbot, teacher of St Pachomius. his other miracles raised a man from the dead. His feast is kept on
In Suppentonia, near Mount Soracte, St Anastasius, a monk, and his the day; following.
companions. Called by a voice from heaven they departed to the Lord. At Rheims in France, St Remi, Bishop and Confessor, who converted the
At Pavia, St Honorata, Virgin. Frankish people to Christ, when he had washed their king, Clovis, in the
waters of baptism and taught him the mysteries of the faith. After many
The Twelfth Day of January years as a bishop, famous for holiness and glorious by reason of his
A T Rome, St Tatiana, Martyr, who was lacerated with hooks and
combs under the Emperor Alexander, exposed to the beasts, and cast
into the fire; but she was in no wise harmed. At length, smitten with the
miracles, he departed this life. His feast is kept, however, on October 1,
when his holy body was translated.
At Rome, on the Via Lavicana, the crowning of forty holy soldiers, which
sword, she passed into heaven. they merited for their confession of the true faith under Gallienus the
At Constantinople, SS. Tigrius, Priest, and Eutropius, Lector, who in the emperor.
time of the Emperor Arcadius were falsely accused of the fire which At Cordova, in Spain, the holy martyrs Gumesind, Priest, and Servideus,
destroyed the chief church and the Senate House; it was alleged that they Monk.
had caused the fire to avenge the exile of St John Chrysostom. They At Lresarea in Cappadocia, St Leontius, Bishop, who strove mightily
suffered under Optatus the prefect of the city, a man attached to the against the heathen under Licinius and the Arians under Constantine.
worship of false gods and a hater of the Christian religion. At Trier, St Agritius, Bishop.
In Achaia, St Satyr, Martyr, who as he passed before a certain idol In the monastery of Verzy, in France, St Viventius, Confessor.
breathed upon it, making the sign of the cross. Forthwith the idol broke in At Amasea in Pontus, St Glaphyra, Virgin.
pieces and for this he was beheaded.
At Antioch, St Clerus, Deacon, who for his glorious profession of the In Judæa, SS. Habacuc and Michæas, Prophets, whose bodies were
faith was tortured seven times; afflicted for long in prison, he was at last discovered by divine revelation under Theodosius the Elder.
beheaded, and so consummated his martyrdom. At Cagliari in Sardinia, St Ephisius, Martyr, who, in the strength of God,
In the city of Heraclea, the holy martyrs Felix and Januarius. On the same overcame divers torments in Diocletian's persecution under Flavian the
day, St Julian, Martyr. judge, and at last was beheaded and passed triumphant to heaven.
At Pavia, St Crispin, Bishop and Confessor. At Anagni, St Secundina, Virgin and Martyr, who suffered under the
In Dacia, St Nicetas, Bishop, who by the preaching of the Gospel changed Emperor Decius.
wild and barbarous people into gentle and peaceable folk. In Auvergne in France, St Bonitus, Bishop and Confessor.
In Egypt, blessed Theodore, monk, who flourished in holiness in the time. In Egypt, St Macarius, Abbot, a disciple of blessed Antony, most
of Constantine the Great, and of whom St Athanasius makes mention in renowned for his life and miracles.
his life of St Antony. At Alexandria, blessed Isidore, famous for holiness of life, for his faith
The Eighth Day of January At Constantinople, St John Calybita, who dwelt some while in a corner of
his father's house, and then in a hut, unknown to his parents; at his death
A T Beauvais, in France, the holy martyrs Lucian, Priest, Maximian and
Julian: the two latter were slain by the sword of the persecutors.
Blessed Lucian, who came into France with St Denis, after severe
he was recognized by them, when he was renowned for miracles. His body
was later on translated to Romc and buried in the church erected in his
honour on the isle in the Tiber.
scourging, fearing not with a loud voice to confess Christ's name, also The Sixteenth Day of January
underwent the fate of the others.
In Libya, the holy martyrs Theophilus, Deacon, and Helladius, who were
first lacerated and pierced with sharp sherds, and then cast into fire, where
A T Rome, on the Via Salaria, the birthday of St Marcellus the First,
Pope and Martyr, who for the confession of Catholic faith, at the
command of the tyrant Maxentius, was first of all beaten with rods, and
they gave up their souls to God. afterwards sent, under public guard, to care for beasts, in which service,
At Autun, St Eugenian, Martyr. clothed in a horsehair garment, he died.
At Hierapolis, in Asia, St Apollinaris, Bishop, who flourished in holiness At Rhinocolura, in Egypt, St Mela, Bishop, who, after he had suffered
and learning under Marcus Antoninus Verus. exile and other bitter pains under Valens for thc Catholic faith, rested in
At Naples, in Campania, the birthday of St Severin, Bishop, brother of the peace.
blessed martyr Victorinus, who after the exercise of many virtues, full of At Arles, in France, St Honoratus, Bishop and Confessor, whose life was
sanctity, entered into his rest. illustrious for his teaching and miracles.
At Metz, in France, St Patiens, Bishop. At Oderzo, in the neighbourhood of Venice, St Titian, Bishop and
At Pavia, St Maximus, Bishop and Confessor. Confessor.
At Ratisbon, in Bavaria, St Erhard, Bishop. At Fondi, in Latium, St Honoratus, Abbot, of whom blessed Pope
In Bavaria, St Severin, Abbot, who preached the Gospel among the Gregory makes mention.
people of those parts, and is called the Apostle of the Bavarians: his body At Froheins, in the diocese of Amiens, in France, St Fursey, Confessor;
was brought miraculously to Lucallano, near Naples, in Campania, and his body was later translated to the monastery of Peronne.
was afterwards translated to the monastery of St Severino. At Rome, St Priscilla, who delivered up herself and her goods to the pious
service of the martyrs.
At Cæsarea in Cappadocia, St Gordius the centurion, Martyr; in whose The Nineteenth Day of January
praise St Basil the Great delivered on his feast-day a famous discourse,
which is still extant.
In Cilicia, the holy martyrs Zosimus and Athanasius the Notary. Also SS.
Theopemptus and Theonas, who died by glorious martyrdom in the
A T Rome on the Via Cornelia, the holy martyrs Marius and Martha his
wife, and their sons Audifax and Abachum, Persians of noble birth
who came to Rome to pray in the time of the Emperor Claudius. After
persecution of Diocletian. they had borne scourging, the rack, fire, iron hooks and the amputation of
At Padua, St Daniel, Martyr. their hands, Martha was slain in the Nympha, and the others beheaded,
At Paris, St Genevieve, Virgin, who was consecrated to Christ by blessed and their bodies burnt.
Germanus, Bishop of Auxerre, and was renowned for wondrous virtues At Smyrna, the birthday of blessed Germanicus, Martyr, who, in
and miracles. the flower of his youth, under Marcus Antornnus and Lucius Aurelius,
The Fourth Day of January overcame, by the grace of the might of God, the fears of bodily weakness,
I N Crete, the birthday of St Titus, who was ordained Bishop of the
Cretans by St Paul the Apostle, and, after having faithfully fulfilled the
office of preaching, died a blessed death. He was buried in the church to
and of his own accord, when he was sentenced by the judge, deliberately
provoked the wild beast prepared for him; and being ground to pieces by
the teeth of the beast, merited to be made one with the true Bread, the
which he was appointed a worthy minister by the blessed Apostle. His Lord Jesus Christ, by dying for his sake.
feast-day, however, is kept on February 6. In Africa, the holy martyrs Paul, Gerontius, Januarius, Saturninus,
At Rome, the holy martyrs Priscus, a priest, Priscillian, a cleric, and Successus, Julius, Catus, Pia and Germana.
Benedicta, a woman in religion, who, in the time of the wicked Julian, At Spoleto, the passion of St Pontian, Martyr, in the time of the Emperor
consummated their martyrdom by the sword. Antoninus; whom Fabian the judge ordered to be beaten with rods for
Also at Rome, blessed Dafrosa, wife of St Flavian, Martyr, and mother of Christ's sake, and to walk barefoot upon hot coals; but as he was in no way
SS. Bibiana and Demetria, Virgin-Martyrs, who after the slaying of her hurt by the hot coals, it was ordered that he be tortured on the rack and
husband was first sent into exile, and afterwards beheaded under the same hung from iron hooks and so cast into prison, where he merited to be
prince. consoled by the visits of an angel. Afterwards he was exposed to the lions,
At Bologna, SS. Hermes, Aggæus and Caius, Martyrs, who suffered boiling lead was poured over him, and he was at last smitten by the sword.
under the Emperor Maximian. At Lodi in Lombardy, St Bassian, Bishop and Confessor, who, together
At Adrumetum in Africa, commemoration of St Mavilus Martyr, who. with St Ambrose, fought strenuously against the heretics.
was thrown to the wild beasts by the cruel governor Scapula, and received
the crown of martyrdom in the persecution of the Emperor Severus. . The Twentieth Day of January
Also in Africa, the most renowned martyrs Aquiline, Geminus, Eugene,
Marcian, Quinctius, Theodotus and Trypho.
At Langres in France, St Gregory, Bishop, famous for miracles.
At Rheims in France, St Rigobert, Bishop and Confessor.
A T Rome, the birthday of St Fabian, Pope and Martyr, who suffered
martyrdom in the time of Decius, and was buried in the cemetery
of Callistus. Also at Rome, ad Catacumbas, St Sebastian, Martyr, who
The Fifth Day of January was in command of the first cohort under the Emperor Diocletian, was
A T Rome, St Telesphorus, Pope and Martyr, who attained an
illustrious martyrdom under Antoninus Pius, after many labours in
the service of Christ.
ordered to be bound In the middle of a plain, with the title of Christian
over his head, and shot with arrows by the soldiers, and lastly to be
scourged with rods till he died.
The Twenty-Second Day of January
A T Valentia in Spain, in the province of Tarragona, St Vincent,
Deacon and Martyr, who under the most wicked governor Dacian
suffered prison, starvation, the rack, the dislocation of his limbs, burning
JANUARY plates, the heated gridiron and other kinds of torture; and in reward for his
___________________________________________________________ martyrdom he departed to heaven. Prudentius sang in elegant verse the
glorious triumph of his passion, and blessed Augustine and Pope St Leo
The First Day of January commend him with the highest praise.
T HE Octave-Day of the birth of our Lord Jesus Christ.
At Rome, the passion of St Martina, Virgin and Martyr, who,
under the Emperor Alexander, was tortured by different kinds of torments,
At Bethsaloen in Assyria, St Anastasius, a Persian monk, who, after very
many tortures of imprisonment, stripes and fetters, which he had
suffered at.Cæsarea in Palestine, was delivered up to torture by Chosroes,
and at length obtained the palm of martyrdom by the sword: her feast is King of the Persians, and at last beheaded, after sending before him to
kept on January 30. martyrdom seventy companions, who were drowned in a river. His head,
At Cæsarea in Cappadocia, the death of St Basil, surnamed the Great, together with his venerable image, was brought to Aquæ Salviæ, at Rome;
Bishop, Confessor and Doctor of the Church; who, distinguished by and the Acts of the Second Council of Nicæa testify that at the sight of it
learning and wisdom and adorned with every virtue, in the time of the demons flee and diseases are cured.
Emperor Valens, shone forth with remarkable glory, and with invincible At Embron in France, the holy martyrs Vincent, Orontius and Victor, who
constancy defended the Church against the Arians and Macedonians. But were crowned with martyrdom in the persecution of Diocletian.
his feast is fittingly kept on June 14, on which day he was consecrated At Novara, St Gaudentius, Bishop and Confessor.
bishop. At Sora, St Dominic, Abbot, renowned for miracles.
At Rome, St Almachius, Martyr, who, because he said: "Today is the
Octave-Day of the Lord; give up the superstitions of idols and unclean The Twenty-Third Day of January
sacrifices," was slain by gladiators at the command of Alipius, prefect of
Also at Rome, on the Appian Way, thirty holy soldiers, who, under the
Emperor Diocletian obtained the crown of martyrdom.
A T Rome, St Emerentiana, Virgin and Martyr, who was stoned by the
heathen while still a catechumen, when she was praying at the tomb
of St Agnes, whose foster-sister she was.
At Spoleto, St Concordius, Priest and Martyr, who in the time of the At Philippi in Macedonia, St Parmenas, who was one of the first seven
Emperor Antoninus, was first beaten with rods, then stretched on the rack, deacons. Moved by the grace of God, in full faith he carried out the office
and afterwards afflicted in prison; there he was consoled by the visit of an of preaching entrusted to him by his brethren and under Trajan he
angel, and at length he ended his life by the sword. obtained the glory of martyrdom.
On the same day, St Magnus the Martyr. At Ancyra in Galatia, St Oement, Bishop, who was frequently tortured,
In Africa, blessed Fulgentius, bishop of the Church of Ruspe, who in the and at last consummated his martyrdom under Diocletian.
time of the Vandal persecution was greatly harassed by the Arians by In the same place and on the same day, St Agathangelus, who suffered
reason of his Catholic faith and eminent learning, and exiled to Sardinia. under the governor Lucius.
At length he was allowed to return to his own church, and he died a holy At Cæsarea in Mauritania, the holy martyrs Severian and Aquila his wife,
death, renowned for his life and preaching. who were burnt to death.
__________________________________________ The Twenty-Fifth Day of January
THE MOVABLE FEASTS
T HE conversion of St Paul the Apostle, which was in the second year
from the Ascension of the Lord.
At Damascus, the birthday of St Ananias, a disciple of the Lord, who
___________________________________________________ baptized the aforesaid Apostle. He preached the Gospel in Damascus,
Eleutheropolis and elsewhere, until, under the judge Licinius, he was
scourged and lacerated, and at last, crushed under stones, obtained
S INCE the movable feasts change their places every year, they cannot
be given in their due order in the body of the Martyrology,. they are
therefore set down here, to be announced in the first place on those days
In Auvergne in France, St Projetus, Bishop, and St Amarinus, abbot of
Doroang, who suffered at the hands of the nobles of that city.
on which they are celebrated in each particular year, as follows: At Antioch, the holy martyrs Juventinus and Maximus, who, under Julian
On the Saturday before the First Sunday in Advent. the Apostate, were crowned with martyrdom. St John Chrysostom
The first Sunday of the Coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. - delivered a discourse to the people on their birthday.
Also the holy martyrs Donatus, Sabinus and Agape. At Tomi in Scythia,
On the Saturday before Septuagesima Sunday. St Bretannio, Bishop, who flourished in the Church renowned for his
The Sunday of Septuagesima, whereon is laid aside the song of the Lord, holiness and zealous devotion to the Catholic faith, under Valens the
Alleluia. Arian emperor, whom he bravely opposed. . .
At Marchiennes in France, St Poppo, Abbot, famous for his miracles.
0n the Tuesday after Quinquagesima Sunday.
The day of ashes, and the beginning of the most holy Lenten fast. The Twenty-Sixth Day of January
On the Saturday before First Passion Sunday.
The First Sunday of the Passion.
S T Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna and Martyr, who won the crown of
martyrdom on February 23.
At Hippo in Africa, St Theogenes, Bishop, and thirty-six others, who in
the persecution of Valerian despising this mortal life obtained the crown
On the Thursday after First Passion Sunday. of eternal life.
The Commemoration of the Seven Sorrows of the Most Blessed Virgin At Bethlehem of Juda, the falling asleep of St Paula, widow, who, though
Mary. she came of a most noble senatorial stock, in company with her daughter
Eustochium, a virgin of Christ, renounced the world, distributed her goods
On the Saturday before Second Passion or Palm Sunday. to the poor, and betook herself to the Lord's manger. There, endowed with
Second Passion or Palm Sunday, when our Lord Jesus Christ, according to many virtues and crowned with a long martyrdom, she departed to the
the prophecy of Zacharias, entered into Jerusalem, sitting upon the foal of heavenly realms. St Jerome wrote her life, remarkable for her many
an ass, and a crowd came forth to meet him with branches of palm-trees. virtues.
The Twenty-Seventh Day of January
On Wednesday of Holy Week.
The Lord's Supper, when Christ Jesus, the day before he was crucified for
our salvation, gave to his disciples the mysteries of his Body and Blood, to
S T John Chrysostom, Bishop of Constantinople, Confessor and Doctor
of the Church, and the heavenly patron of preachers, who fell asleep in
the Lord on September 14. His holy body was translated
be celebrated by them. 16
THE ROMAN MARTYROLOGY The Twenty-Ninth Day of January
(d) Eulogies of saints whose feast is kept on another day in the Universal
Church, or in the diocese, or in some particular church.
A T Trier, the death of blessed Valerius, Bishop, a disciple of St Peter
At Rome, on the Via Nomentana, the birthday of the holy martyrs Papias
and Maur, soldiers, in the time of the Emperor Diocletian; Laodicius, the
7. Saints whose cultus is proper to particular churches, and who are not prefect of the City, ordered their mouths to be battered with stones at their
mentioned in this Martyrology, ought likewise to be given the first place first confession of the name of Christ, after which they were cast into
(as above 6b), but only in those places and churches in which their prison and beaten with rods, and finally scourged with leaded whips until
memory is held especially in honour, if their office be said in such places. they died.
If, however, their office be not said, then they are to be placed after the At Perugia, St Constantius, Bishop and Martyr, who, with his
Saints who are commemorated in this Martyrology in their due order: that companions, received the crown of martyrdom for his defence of the faith
is, martyrs after martyrs, confessors after confessors, virgins after virgins, under the Emperor Marcus Aurelius.
etc. At Milan, St Aquiline, Priest, whose throat was pierced with a sword by
the Arians, and who received the crown of martyrdom.
8. It is not lawful to announce in the Martyrology the office or the At Edessa in Syria, the holy martyrs Sarbellius and Barbea his sister, who
commemoration of the following: were baptized by blessed Bishop Barsimreus, and were crowned with
(a) Any Sunday or weekday, except those that have proper eulogies in the martyrdom under Lysias the governor in the persecution of Trajan.
list of movable feasts. In the neighbourhood of Troyes, St Sabinian, Martyr, who was beheaded
(b) Any vigil anticipated on a Saturday. for the faith of Christ at the command of Aurelian the Emperor.
(c) Any vigil that may occur in Eastertide, with the exception of those of At Bourges, St Sulpicius Severus, Bishop, remarkable for learning and
the Ascension and Pentecost. virtues.
(d) Office of our Lady on Saturday. The Thirtieth Day of January
(e) Days within an octave.
9. When it happens that a feast is to be transferred to another day, then the
S T Martina, Virgin and Martyr, whose birthday commemoration is
made on January I. .
At Edessa in Syria, St Barsimreus, Bishop, who, after converting many
following is to be observed: pagans to the faith, and sending them to their crowns before him, followed
(a) If it be an occasional translation, there is to be added at the conclusion them with the palm of martyrdom under Trajan.
of the eulogy: The office of this Saint will be observed this year on.. . At Antioch, the passion of blessed Hippolytus, Priest, who for a while
(b) If the festival be always observed on a different day, then was misled by the schism of Novatian, but by the working of Christ's
the eulogy concludes: The festival of this Saint is observed on... grace changed his life, and returned to the unity of the faith; and for its
(c) If the festival is observed in some particular place on a different day to sake he consummated therein a glorious martyrdom. Asked by his people
that of the Universal Church, or to the rest of the diocese, etc., the eulogy which sect was the truer, he cursed the teaching of Novatian, saying that
concludes: The festival of this Saint, which is observed in the Universal he would keep the same faith as the see of Peter held and offered his throat
Church on . . ., is kept in the diocese (or Order, or Institute) N. . ., and in to the knife.
this church on . . . In Africa, the passion of the holy martyrs Felician, Philappian and 124
The First Day of February
S T Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch and Martyr, who gloriously suffered
martyrdom on December 20.
At Smyrna, St Pionius, Priest and Martyr, who wrote apologias for the
Christian faith, and after enduring a foul prison, where by his
exhortations he strengthened many of the brethren to suffer martyrdom,
was afflicted with many torments. Being pierced with nails, and cast
upon a flaming pyre, he reached for Christ's sake a glorious end. With
him suffered fifteen others.
In France, in the town of Trois-Châteaux, St Paul, Bishop, whose life
was renowned for his virtues, and whose precious death was approved
At Kildare in Ireland, St Bridget, Virgin, who, in proof of her
virginity, touched the wood of an altar, and forthwith it became green.
The Second Day of February
T HE Purification of Blessed Mary the Virgin, which by the Greeks is
called the Hypapante of the Lord.
At Caesarea in Palestine, St Cornelius, the centurion whom blessed
Peter the Apostle baptized, and raised to episcopal honour in that city.
At Rome, on the Via Salaria, the passion of St Apronian the notary, who
while still a pagan was leading forth St Sisinius from prison to bring him
before Laodicius the prefect, when he heard a voice from heaven: "Come,
you blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the
foundation of the world.” He found faith and was baptized, and
afterwards came to the end of his life by a capital sentence, confessing the