Docstoc

Chapter 11 Section 3

Document Sample
Chapter 11 Section 3 Powered By Docstoc
					 Chapter 11 Section 3
The New Order and the
      Holocaust
Under the Nazis, Europe was organized in
  two ways:
• Annexation into actual German provinces
• German military and civilian officials
  collaboration with local officials.
• The Nazi goals of racial purity and their
  control of Europe allowed them to
  eventually kill more than 6 million people,
  they deemed unfit for the new German
  Reich
• Hitler’s plan went into effect after the fall of
  Poland.
• Jews and Gypsies
• Slavs in the east
• 1 Million Poles were
  removed from
  Poland and replaced
  with ethnic Germans
  (2 million by 1942)
• German labor
  shortage during the
  war.
• Forced labor was a
  valuable resource.
               Holocaust
• The Holocaust (death of 2/3 of Europe’s
  Jews)
• The Final solution called for extermination
  of all Jews (Genocide)
         The Secret Police
• Secret Police were established and began
  rounding up Jews, forcing them in
  Ghettos.
• By 1941, the Secret Police were following
  the army advance and executing Jews and
  burying them in mass graves.
• As many as 1 million Jews were executed
  by the Secret Police.
  – Labor, execution, medical experiments
               The Aftermath
• The killing was not efficient enough for the Nazis.
  They began sending European Jews to Death
  Camps.
• Jews were rounded up, put into cattle cars and
  shipped to Poland.
• Railcars with Jews were given priority even late in
  the war.
  – (3 million Jews were killed in the camps)
• 9-10 million other non-Jews were also killed by
  the Nazis (Poles, Slavs, Roma-Gypsies,
  disabled, homosexuals)
• Women and children were often executed first
  because they could not do heavy work.
             Wartime Propaganda




'Build youth hostels and camps'
                    Translation:
                    National Socialism -- the
                    organized will of the
                    nation
Translation:
Germany’s Freedom
One People, One Reich, One Führer

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:7
posted:5/19/2012
language:
pages:14