Chapter 11 Section 3
The New Order and the
Under the Nazis, Europe was organized in
• Annexation into actual German provinces
• German military and civilian officials
collaboration with local officials.
• The Nazi goals of racial purity and their
control of Europe allowed them to
eventually kill more than 6 million people,
they deemed unfit for the new German
• Hitler’s plan went into effect after the fall of
• Jews and Gypsies
• Slavs in the east
• 1 Million Poles were
Poland and replaced
with ethnic Germans
(2 million by 1942)
• German labor
shortage during the
• Forced labor was a
• The Holocaust (death of 2/3 of Europe’s
• The Final solution called for extermination
of all Jews (Genocide)
The Secret Police
• Secret Police were established and began
rounding up Jews, forcing them in
• By 1941, the Secret Police were following
the army advance and executing Jews and
burying them in mass graves.
• As many as 1 million Jews were executed
by the Secret Police.
– Labor, execution, medical experiments
• The killing was not efficient enough for the Nazis.
They began sending European Jews to Death
• Jews were rounded up, put into cattle cars and
shipped to Poland.
• Railcars with Jews were given priority even late in
– (3 million Jews were killed in the camps)
• 9-10 million other non-Jews were also killed by
the Nazis (Poles, Slavs, Roma-Gypsies,
• Women and children were often executed first
because they could not do heavy work.
'Build youth hostels and camps'
National Socialism -- the
organized will of the
One People, One Reich, One Führer