Elaben Bhatt of Self Employed Women by 05l5c19

VIEWS: 12 PAGES: 47

									From ssteele@clark.netTue Apr 15 11:25:12 1997
Date: Tue, 4 Mar 1997 07:49:01 -0500
From: "Stephen F. Steele" <ssteele@clark.net>
Reply to: scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu
To: Multiple recipients of list <scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu>

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------
SAS ANNOUNCES TWO PUBLICATIONS ON APPLIED SOCIOLOGY
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------

Dear Colleague in Applied Sociology,

It's March and time to make your book orders for the Fall 1997 term...

In order to help us plan our production runs, THE SOCIETY FOR APPLIED
SOCIOLOGY (SAS) would like you to consider 2 publications for your Fall 1997
classes.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------
Publication 1) SOCIAL INSIGHT magazine... Edited by Mark Iutcovich
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------

Are you...
* Looking for an inexpensive way to present the "applied side" of sociology
to your students?
* Concerned that the books you currently use neglect the application of
sociology?
* Looking for ways to give students exposure to sociologists in action, in
direct, understandable language?

The Society for Applied Sociology is about to run its second printing of its
first issue of its magazine:

                      SOCIAL INSIGHT: KNOWLEDGE AT WORK

"Social INSIGHT" provides nine articles written by contemporary applied
sociologists in an engaging 52-page magazine format that covers "Market
Research" to the "Infant Industry;" "Group Homes" to the "War on Drugs."
The magazine already has demonstrated value as a teaching tool with
undergraduates.

Price (from SAS, does not include bookstore "mark-up" or sales tax):
Non-members                 $8.00 (plus handling)/copy
Members            $5.00 (plus handling)/ copy
Departmental Members may order multiple copies through their bookstore for
$5.00/copy (plus handling).

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------
Publication 2) DIRECTIONS IN APPLIED SOCIOLOGY
                  edited by Stephen F. Steele and Joyce Miller Iutcovich
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------

Are you...
* Looking for a book that will provide your students with the collective
thoughts and vision of some of the contemporary leaders in applied
sociology's re-emergence over the last decade?
* Trying to find a book that helps students understand the context,
definition and tools that are all part of applied sociology?
* Attempting to ground applied sociology...past, present and future...for
you and your students?

The Society for Applied Sociology is about to run its first printing of it's
cornerstone book:

                        DIRECTIONS IN APPLIED SOCIOLOGY
                  Presidential Addresses of the Society for Applied Sociology

"Directions in Applied Sociology" provides eleven addresses by contemporary
presidents of SAS. The four-part book covers the past and future, applying
sociology, social change and intervention as well as vision for applied
sociology's future. In addition, the work contains an original introduction
on the professionalization of applied sociology. The book would be useful
for students in applied courses as well as departments that are currently
supporting or that are interested in starting applied programs.

Price (from SAS, does not include bookstore "mark-up" or sales tax):

Non-members                                          $15.00         (plus handling)/copy
Members and Departmental Members                     $13.00         (plus handling)/copy

------------------------------------------------

WHAT I'M ASKING YOU TO DO...

These publications are a "win-win-win" proposition. Here's why -
"Win..." Students and faculty get access to readable, contemporary examples
of applied sociology ...

"Win..." The Society for Applied Sociology benefits from the distribution
of this work...

"Win..." Sociology wins from the strengthening of its "applied side."

SO SAS MAY MORE APPROPRIATELY PLAN...

SAS needs to target its printing production on anticipated orders. Thus,
please advise me of your plans regarding these publications by completing
the following -

Your Name:

Affiliation:

E-mail address:



I plan to place an order through my College/University's bookstore for -

Provide
  # of copies
here..........
[                ]         SOCIAL INSIGHT magazine, Issue 1...
                            Edited by Mark Iutcovich

[                ]         DIRECTIONS IN APPLIED SOCIOLOGY
                     Edited by Stephen F. Steele and Joyce Miller Iutcovich

Please return this form via E-mail to ssteele@clark.net as soon as possible.

Bookstore orders may be placed by sending standard bookstore ordering forms to

Executive Officer, Society for Applied Sociology
c/o Anne Arundel Community College
Division of Social Sciences
101 College Parkway
Arnold, MD 21012

or
Call 410-541-2369
Fax 410-541-2239
E-mail: ssteele@clark.net

----------------------------------------


Thanks for your consideration!

Sincerely,

Steve Steele, Acting SAS Executive Officer.


** Feel Free to copy and distribute this as appropriate!




                           Stephen F. Steele, Ph.D.
              Acting Executive Officer, Society for Applied Sociology
                      *******************************

Anne Arundel Community College      Applied Data Associates,Inc
101 College Parkway           901 Randell Road
Arnold, Maryland 21012        Severna Park, Maryland 21146
Phone: 410-541-2369           Phone/Fax: 410-544-6814
Fax: 410-541-2239
          Adjunct Faculty Member, The Johns Hopkins University
         Applied Behavioral Sciences, School of Continuing Studies
                 email: ssteele@clark.net
                    *******************************

From loka@unix.amherst.eduTue Apr 15 11:24:58 1997
Date: Tue, 4 Mar 1997 02:20:50 -0500
From: Loka Institute <loka@unix.amherst.edu>
Reply to: scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu
To: Multiple recipients of list <scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu>
Subject: RE: Commercial posts to scishops listserv


Re. Thomas's concern, below (since he asked for the list
managers' views): My own personal reaction (since really
this is just my opinion) is that Thomas's general
principles make sense. However, the two posts
he is referring to seemed to me reasonably germane
to the purposes of this listserv (involving action
research and some participatory research), and I, for
one, certainly wouldn't have heard about the journal and
book series described there any
other way I know of (at least not anytime soon).

So the posts didn't bother me. (Partly they didn't bother me
because we don't get many such posts on the list. In small
number, they seem OK to me. In bulk I would get bothered.)

In any case, the scishops listserv is not moderated, so
even if we achieved a consensus on a policy, it would
be hard to enforce.

Thomas, thanks for posting your concerns/query.

Cheers to all,
Dick Sclove, The Loka Institute

On Fri, 28 Feb 1997, Auf der Heyde, Thomas, Dr wrote:

> Today I received a fairly long posting from this listserver
> advertising books for sale.
>
> Perhaps there is a precedent for this, which I - as a fairly new
> member of the list - may not be aware of, but other lists that I
> subscribe to have a fairly strong policy not to allow commercial
> advertisements to be posted to the list. I don't know how other
> members of this list feel, but I would like to suggest that in view of
> the mountains of information that most of us probably have to sift
> through, commercial advertisements should not be encouraged.
>
> If there are books that members of the list would like to bring to
> the attention of others - having been duely impressed on
> reading them - this would clearly be welcome. Or if someone knows of
> a really good publisher or distributor who is not widely known, then
> a pointer in that direction would also be nice. But direct
> advertisements from a commercial undertaking usually clog up the
> system way out of proportion to the helpful input they may make.
>
> Perhaps the managers of this list would care to comment.
>
> With best wishes,
> Thomas
>
> -------------------------------------------------
> Dr. Thomas Auf der Heyde
> Department of Chemistry & Science Advice Unit,
> University of Cape Town
> Rondebosch 7701, Cape Town, SOUTH AFRICA
>
> Tel +27-21-6502323 Fax +27-21-6897499
> -------------------------------------------------
>
From ppcman@dante.lbl.govTue Apr 15 11:25:37 1997
Date: Tue, 4 Mar 1997 13:17:27 -0500
From: Paul Craig <ppcman@dante.lbl.gov>
Reply to: scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu
To: Multiple recipients of list <scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu>
Subject: Re: Sustainable Community Indicators Website

The March issue of the VirtualPresidio Journal of sustainable development
is out. It focusses on Sustainable San Francico Bay Area

http://eande.lbl.gov/VirtualPresidio
Paul Crai, editor
From lhayles@the-wire.comTue Apr 15 11:25:56 1997
Date: Thu, 6 Mar 1997 13:36:29 -0500
From: Lisa Hayles <lhayles@the-wire.com>
Reply to: scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu
To: Multiple recipients of list <scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu>
Subject: joining the listserv
Hello,
I am the new coordinator of a network of researchers interested in two
main themes: Social Cohesion and the Dynamics of families. CPRN, our
umbrella organization, is a policy research think tank, composed of three
networks in total. (Our sister networks are focused on work and health)
We are in the process of setting up our own electronic mailing list (or
lists) and a collegue suggested I subscibe to your list.

I am fairly new to the net and am interested in how our members and others
interested in related topics can use this forum. Do you have an archive to
which I can gain access to follow older discussions?

***********************************************************
Lisa Hayles
Network Coordinator, Family Network
Canadian Policy Research Networks, Inc. (CPRN)
1329 Bay Street, 2nd fl.
Toronto, ON M5R 2C4
416 944-3721
416 944-2830
lhayles@the-wire.com

CPRN's homepage with information on the Family Network is:
http://www.cprn.com
From mwalker@hsd.uvic.caTue Apr 15 11:26:29 1997
Date: Thu, 13 Mar 1997 17:22:52 -0500
From: Marilyn Walker <mwalker@hsd.uvic.ca>
Reply to: scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu
To: Multiple recipients of list <scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu>
Subject: Re: Practioner/Scholar in NVSQ

> Date:            Tue, 29 Oct 1996 10:55:03 -0500
> Reply-to:        scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu
> From:             milofsky@bucknell.edu (Carl Milofsky)
> To:              Multiple recipients of list <scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu>
> Subject:         Practioner/Scholar in NVSQ

Do you have a deadline yet for submissions and guidelines? Thanks!

> The NONPROFIT AND VOLUNTARY SECTOR QUARTERLY, the journal of the
> Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary Action
> (ARNOVA) plans a special issue on practice and scholarship among nonprofit
> organizations. This will be a special, added number of the journal (not
> one of the regular four we publish each year). The following announcement
> appeared in the last ARNOVA Newsletter:
>>
> >CALL FOR PAPERRS; SPECIAL ISSUE OF NVSQ
>>
> >THE NONPROFIT AND VOLUNTARY SECTOR QUARTERLY (NVSQ) seeks
papers for a
> >special issue that addresses scholarship and practice. We are encouraging
> >papers that represent joint research of scholars and practitioners, case
> >studies of nonprofit organizations, or applied research for practitioners.
> >Time is of the essence. Deadline will be early in 1997 and the issue
> >should be ready for the publisher by the end of 1997.
>>
> >For more information, contact either Suzanne Feeney, Department of Public
> >Administration, Portland State University, P.O. Box 751, Portland OR
> >97207-0751 (telephone: 503-725-3920; e-mail: Suzanne@upa.pdx.edu---as a
> >backup/alternative try feeney@lclark.edu) and/or Editor-in-Chief Carl
> >Milofsky.
>>
>>
>
> Carl Milofsky
> Department of Sociology
>      and Anthropology
> Bucknell University
> Lewisburg, PA 17837
> (717) 524-3468; fax: 524-3760
>
>
>
From wrwatts@ucdavis.eduTue Apr 15 11:27:06 1997
Date: Sat, 15 Mar 1997 16:40:04 -0500
From: Russell Watts <wrwatts@ucdavis.edu>
Reply to: scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu
To: Multiple recipients of list <scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu>
Subject: computer assisted professional development

I am looking for research concerning computer assisted learning or online
professional development.

I am working with a Professor on the UC Davis campus and she wants me to
ask around and find out what kinds of research has been done in this area.

Any suggestions?

There is a group of us that will be participating in a pilot project using
online discussion group like learning over the next three months. We will
be working in the language and literacy strand of education and want this
research to be productive for all involved. We will be looking at student
work and finding ways to analize/their work (in small discussion groups),
then look at teacher practice and techniques and look for correlations
(also in small groups). Finally we will be sharing these with each other
(all groups) and working with the findings.

thanks ahead of time
Russ Watts

Russell Watts                UC Davis Masters Program/ Education
4 Baggins End
Davis, CA 95616
916.754.1418


From resclove@amherst.eduTue Apr 15 11:26:47 1997
Date: Sat, 15 Mar 1997 06:45:27 -0500
From: Richard Sclove <resclove@amherst.edu>
Reply to: scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu
To: Multiple recipients of list <scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu>
Subject: Grassroots Sustainability Conference Report (fwd)

PLEASE REPOST (where appropriate):

                    A Brief Report from the

                    International Conference on
        Creativity and Innovation at the Grassroots for
            Sustainable Natural Resource Management

         Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad India
                        January 11-14, 1997

This conference was co-sponsored by the National Bank for Agricultural
and Rural Development (NABARD); Forests, Trees and People Programme
(FTPP/FAO); International Association for study of Common Property
Resources (USA); International Society of Ecological Economics
(USA); SRISTI (Society for Research and Initiatives for Sustainable
Technologies and Institutions); Oxford Centre of Ethics,
Environment and Society; Gujarat Agro Industries Corporation;
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR); Indian
Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR); International Development
Research Centre (Canada); Pew Conservation Scholar Award (to Prof.
Anil K. Gupta); and also supported by the World Bank, Commonwealth
Foundation, Honey Bee Network.
Context:

The search for sustainable solutions to the problem of managing
natural resources world over is pointing in the direction of
peoples' initiatives as a possible source of ideas. The reasons
are obvious. Market-induced as well as the state-influenced
interventions have often been guided by short-term interest.
Sustainability requires widening the decision making horizon and
extending the time frame. Local communities and individual
innovators who share an eco-compatible world view have developed
ethical norms and corresponding technological and institutional
arrangements which help in achieving sustainable use of resources.
However, with time, the erosion of knowledge of such practices has
taken place at a faster pace than the erosion of natural
resources themselves. Many other pressures have disrupted
the search for sustainable solutions even among those
eco-oriented communities, including the intervention of subsidies,
chemical inputs, weakening of collective institutions and more
importantly the bias in education system in favour of a particular kind of
world view.

In this conference, we tried to pool together examples and
insights from innovations tried by individuals or collectives at
grassroots level without any outside help. It was recognized
that the articulation of women's ecological knowledge is often
subdued in the arenas dominated by men. A special session on
women, water and wisdom was organized.

(You can see the draft program for the conference at:

Http://csf.colorado.edu/sristi

And a copy of the conference abstracts can be obtained by paying USD 30 in
favour of Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad and sent to Prof Anil
K. Gupta at the same address (see below). The proceedings will be brought
out soon and those interested should send their communications to
<anilg@iimahd.ernet.in>.

******************************************************************
Please visit our web site to see a pdf version of Honey Bee
newsletter on grassroots creativity and innovation (a sample copy)
and read about a related voluntary organization, SRISTI:

http://csf.colorado.edu/sristi
gopher://csf.colorado.edu/11/environment/sristi
address:

Prof Anil K Gupta
Co-ordinator, SRISTI (Society for Research and Initiatives for
Sustainable Technologies and Institutions) & Honey Bee network
c/o Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad - 380 015, India.
fax : 91-79-6427896
Phone:          6564979 (r)
               407241 (ext: 4922, 4927, 4930) office
email: anilg@iimahd.ernet.in
******************************************************************


Conference Report:


Mobilizing the potential of grassroots innovators and other civil
society actors who do not just articulate problems but also
generate the solutions was the major purpose of the conference.
This potential exists in different subsets of survival strategies
of people. The six foci of the conference thus included
innovations in educational, technological and institutional
aspects of natural resource management, alongside their socio-
cultural aspects, knowledge systems, mechanisms in rewarding and
the molding of markets to accommodate creativity.

It is inevitable that such diverse range of issues should require
some common conceptual core. The conference tried to combine six
E's, i.e., ethics, environment, equity, excellence, efficiency
and education. The logo of the conference evoked our fundamental
belief and concern that women (and men) possessing tremendous
knowledge of their environment could move the world if given a
place to stand. But, we must confess that gender balance could
not be achieved in different functions of the conference. For
instance, among the key note speakers, there were only two
ladies, Ms.Elaben Bhatt of Self Employed Women Association and
Dr.Kamla Choudhury, Chairperson of Society for Promotion of
Wasteland Development. Among the chairpersons and discussant
of various sessions, there were less than one fourth women
members. Even among the innovators, only a few were women though
many more were invited.

Despite the fact that we were extremely gender sensitive, we did
goof in many respects. For instance, Ms.Elaben pointed out
during her chairperson's remarks on the inaugural day that she
had to stand on her toes to address the gathering because the
height of the podium was tailored to the convenience of men.
Soon after, of course we corrected the problem by providing a
small bench.

This self critical assessment is mentioned only to highlight that
a great deal of effort still remains to be made to mainstream the
gender sensitivity in the context of science and technology. The
conference was inaugurated by a grassroots innovator,
Shri.Amrutbhai who had developed a bullock cart which could be
tilted so as to pour the manure directly into the furrows.

Dr.I.G.Patel (former Director of London School of Economics and
Chairperson of IIMA Board), the other co-chairperson of the
inaugural session highlighted the need for micro level autonomous
innovations to influence macro level policy and structures.

The need to understand environmental and community interface in
terms of providing solutions was emphasized. Some of the
important questions raised were; Can creativity be created? What
are the rules of replication that also intermesh community
initiative at a local level with market forces? How do we shift
from a "problem solving" to a "solution augmenting" approach?;
How do we develop a policy framework linking innovation,
investment, and enterprise through a knowledge network.
One of the key initiatives launched at the conference included
Knowledge Network of civil society actors around the issue of
sustainable technologies and institutions. Earlier, a proposal
in this regard prepared by SRISTI was endorsed in an
international conference on Hunger and Poverty organized by IFAD
in November, 1995 at Brussels. Dr.Ali Assam of Knowledge View,
UK made a forceful plea for combining various communication
technologies to link grassroots innovators across language,
culture, and regional boundaries. It was recognized in the
conference which had more than seventy five grassroots innovators
from different parts of the country that most intellectual
dialogues on development have not involved the genius at
grassroots level. People's participation had become a cliche and
was often restricted to only physical or financial participation.
Everyday there was a plenary presentation by the innovators in
different languages demonstrating how much could they do without
any outsiders help. Around 500 participants from forty countries
around the world resolved to transform the ethical and economic
basis of the developmental paradigm so that the creative energy
of the knowledge rich - economically poor people could become a
fundamental building block of future changes. It was obvious
therefore that the conference rejected the terms like resource
poor while characterizing innovators as if knowledge was not a
resource or that people were poor even in this resource.

Conference also did not consider so called participatory
approaches like PRA or RRA as authentic or mutually accountable
means of building relationships with local creative communities
or individuals though a few participants did believe in these
methods.

Among many other issues that emerged were, the translations of
innovations into products; mechanisms for recognizing and
rewarding innovations; a liberal and efficient credit system for
capital formation; minimizing distortion in resource pricing;
augmentation of autonomous innovations; development of Venture
Capital Fund and legal support to small innovation, development
of INSTAR (International Network for Sustainable Technology
Application and Registration) so that intellectual property
rights of small innovators were not usurped by dominant private
or public sector forces.

Mr.P.Kotaiah, Chairperson, National Bank for Agriculture and
Rural Development, Bombay was unequivocal in his support for the
grassroots innovations and mentioned how NABARD had made a
beginning through an incubation fund for small innovations. He
recognized the need for closer linkages with local communities
and NGOs.

The policy dialogue on augmenting grassroots innovations
attracted a forceful attention of policy makers at different
levels. Union Minister of State for Science and Technology,
Dr.Y.K.Alagh stressed the need for establishing special funds for
augmenting innovations. Chief Secretary of Rajasthan and Finance
Secretary of Punjab who could not attend the conference
communicated their strong support for the idea of setting up some
kind of venture capital fund for small innovations. The Chief
Secretary of Gujarat state, Shri.S.K.Shelat announced setting up
a fund of ten million rupees for promoting innovations. A lady
from Kutch intervened during his presentation to insist that such
funds would be effective only when women would be involved as
equal partners in the process. Subsequent to the conference,
Gujarat Grassroots Innovation Augmentation Network (GIAN) has
been set up with all India coverage. It is the first such
institution that is trying to convert innovations into products
and link excellence in formal and informal sectors. In this
context the risk inherent in upscaling small innovations was
recognized and non-suitability of conventional credit and venture
capital institutions was also acknowledged. It was also
underlined that value addition in some of the local innovations
may generate opportunities at global level. Therefore, the
consumers of sustainable technologies and products need not be
always found in local context. This would also imply need for
watch dog function to be performed by voluntary organizations and
innovators networks so that they are not short changed. One
would also have to avoid a familiar consequence of globalization
which is non-sustainable extraction of local resources.

The need to create conducive socio-cultural milieu facilitating
literacy and fostering a positive approach towards innovative
ideas to enable diffusion of innovations was stressed.

A significant dimension was added by the conference relating to
erosion of knowledge vis-a-vis erosion of biodiversity and other
resources. The protection of traditional knowledge and genetic
resources in the context of law was discussed. Traditional
resource rights, grassroots rights and traditional knowhow
rights', appreciation of fundamental distinction between genetic
resources untouched and natural resources traditionally used;
dimensions of TRIPs; establishment of simple registration
systems; inter connections between TIPRs, WIPO and WTO, etc.,
were considered important in contributing to augmenting
creativity. Context- specificity of legal aspects was another
aspect of the complexity. One of the important contributions of
the conference was to draw attention to the fact that not all
knowledge was traditional, or communal in nature. The scope and
validity of contemporary innovations could not be undermined
although much of the literature on this subject has emphasized
the traditional and the communal aspect of knowledge related
rights. These were important but not sufficient.

Several presentations in the conference highlighted the
importance of non-monetary incentives for creativity. It was
strongly argued that if educational system did not undergo any
change, then long term respect and recognition of grassroots
innovation would not be possible. Incorporation of indigenous
ecological knowledge in curriculum in Canada, Vietnam, West
Indies, India, Norway, etc., was emphasized as an important
agenda for future change. The educational system as it existed
specialized in converting the knowledge rich, economically poor
people into drop outs. Both curricular and pedagogic changes
were necessary if the linkage between high biodiversity, high
poverty, low literacy, high drop out, high emigration, etc., had
to be broken. The blending of secular and the sacred
consciousness would also become necessary if local institutions
have to gain legitimacy and support.

Some of the concerns raised by the innovators were, availability
of financial support that will enable them to contribute more
efficiently in the form of as low/no interest loans and not
grant; recognition of the innovator and the innovation; linkage
with regional research laboratory for better appreciation and
direction of efforts, and institutional support mechanisms for
emergence of innovations and their market.

A public policy environment using and propagating traditional and
contemporary knowledge was considered important; to be promoted
by a specialized organization (one group referred to SRISTI -
Society for Research and Initiatives for Sustainable and
Technological Institutions - as a possible model) that will
support local initiatives. The need to change the attitude of
public functionaries towards local institutional and
technological knowledge (LITK) and its integration into
development programmes was also emphasized.

There was however, reservation in the mind of some about viewing
innovations at the "global" level and even on transfer of
knowledge. Innovations were characterized as static while
creativity appeared to be "dynamic" . In the innovation, investor
and entrepreneur link, the community dimension appeared to be
conspicuous by its absence, inclusion of which will enable
appreciation of the prevailing work linkages. On the other hand,
others argued that transfer of knowledge and technologies was
taking place all the time through global media and institutions.
Why should not the same social force and media be available to
local knowledge and innovations as well. Further, why should
global space be appropriated only by global actors (even if these
were NGOs)? Why should not local creativity grow and be nurtured
through global consumers if local consumers, because of their
colonized minds, did not pay attention to the worth of local
innovations and knowledge systems. The Convention on Biological
Diversity and Desert Convention were recalled as instruments that
could facilitate linkage between global and local institution
sand markets. Dr.Thomas Cottier of University of Berne made a
forceful plea for adopting conventional IPR regime in aid of
grassroots innovations.
The need for appreciation of local knowledge at its own terms and
recording traditional knowledge as well as contemporary
innovations through vernacular media as attempted by Honey Bee
for the benefit of current and future generations was also
underlined. A multimedia presentation of local innovations and
electronic version of Honey Bee newsletter were also displayed at
the conference apart from a herbaria of commonly used medicinal
plants.

However, as a commentator observed, a significant feature of
participatory interpretation of learning approaches exemplified
during this conference was the "striking participation of the
farmers and rural folk who are innovators, as part of their daily
life practice. Their world view is community centred and not self
oriented as the modern civilization tends to inculcate as a
predominant value. The idea of patents and making money out of
new ideas that they generate is far from their minds".

And yet how ethical it was to perpetuate a system where the most
knowledgeable herbalists in tribal as well as non-tribal villages
often were very poor. Not only that, their children as well as
other younger people did not wish to acquire this knowledge and
continue to grow it. Perhaps, the romanticization of local ethic
which was crumbling under the weight of unfair markets did not
generate new choices which could empower the local communities or
individuals. Hence, the emphasis in linking formal and informal
science to empower local knowledge systems to compete and create
new sustainable choices.

An interesting paradigm was articulated, i.e., policy change
through performance at micro level rather than only lobbying at
macro level. The need to resolve the dichotomy between `global'
and `local' approaches and scaling was highlighted along with the
need to establish dialogue between equals, recognize the threats
of commercialization, question biases in knowledge systems and
arrive at a cross-cultural definition of sustainable development.

The conference proved to be a mile stone in improving our
understanding of the institutional context in which innovations
emerge, grow or die without often becoming institutionalized
solutions or services.     If technology was like words, the
institutions were like grammar (Gupta, 1990). The conference
organized by Centre for Management in Agriculture at Indian
Institute of Management, Ahmedabad demonstrated through its
deliberation, how grammar of creativity and innovation was
changing the meanings of everyday life for large number of people
around the world. If these symbols of hope were not becoming the
building blocks of entire developmental processes, it only showed
how entrenched the mediocrity and cynicism was in the body
politic of modern institutions. Otherwise, there is no reason
why when Honey Bee Network could scout thousands of innovations
around the world but particularly in India, why other civil
society organizations fail to do so. The challenge posed by the
problem solvers is not going to leave the institutions of
knowledge production and reproduction unaffected for too long.

As Manubhai Pancholi and Motibhai Chowdhary, two eminent
Gandhians mentioned in the concluding remarks, we were passing
through a period of 'sankranti', i.e., the time when two
different era or ages meet. This is the moment when the little
genius at grassroots are asserting their ethical and ecological
excellence and at the same time global markets, institutions and
mindsets are acquiring enormous power. If local creativity can
get a place to stand in our minds, it will indeed move the world.




(This report has been compiled through active assistance of many
colleagues at IIMA and SRISTI but particular mention needs to be
made of the efforts of Ms.Ria Sinha and Dr.Gopichandran. This is
not a proceeding of the conference which will be released later.)




From cwarrick@osf1.gmu.eduTue Apr 15 11:27:30 1997
Date: Thu, 27 Mar 1997 22:13:22 -0500 (EST)
From: "CYNTHIA A. WARRICK" <cwarrick@osf1.gmu.edu>
To: EJ-MAYORS@gmu.edu
Cc: aoec@dgs.dgsys.com, blynn@ksu.ksu.edu, carlanthony@igc.apc.org,
    dglave@juno.com, dhughes@du.edu, ecojustice@igc.apc.org, ejrc@cau.edu,
    ENVIRONMENT-L@cornell.edu, fjonesn@nasc.mass.edu,
    g045908@jaguar1.usouthal.edu, garyentz@m.cc.utah.edu,
    healtheadm@aol.com, holloran@forsythe.stanford.edu,
    jrjohnson@cs.twsu.edu, loka@unix.amherst.edu, mstewart@m.cc.utah.edu,
    NCOBPS@aurora.ncat.edu, njacobs@carleton.edu,
   nprocto@timeshare.service.emory.edu, occ-env-med-l@list.mc.duke.edu,
   race-pol@acadcomp.cmp.ilstu.edu, rcfischer@uci.edu,
   rixickes@kea.lincoln.ac.nz, rrncfarl3@uh.vm.va.edu,
   scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu, sdpressley@juno.com,
   spritch@leland.Stanford.EDU, walkercz@oneonta.edu
Subject: The National Conference of Black Mayors EJ Conference

The National Conference of Black Mayors, The National Bar Association, and
the Howard University Urban Environment Institute present:

       "The State of Environmental Justice in America"
during the 23rd Annual Convention of the NCBM, April 25-26, 1997
River Regalfront Hotel, St. Louis, Missouri

Thursday, 4/24/97
8am - 6pm Registration
7pm - 9pm Mayors Opening Reception- City of St.Louis

Friday, 4/25/97
8am - 12noon Registration
8am - 3:30pm Exhibit Hall Opens

9am - 10:30am Opening Plenary Session
       "The State of Environmental Justice in America"
Welcome: Mayor Emanuel Cleaver, II, President NCBM
         Mayor David Humes, NCBM Env. Committee Chair
Introductions: Dennis Gramms, Region 7 EPA Administrator
Opening Remarks: Carol Browner, EPA Administrator
Keynote Address: "Ten Years Since Toxic Waste & Race" - Elliott Laws,
       Patton & Boggs, Wash.DC

10:45am - 12:15pm Federal Agency Reports: Actions taken since the
Exec.Order 12898
Moderator: Mayor Robert B. Ingram, Ph.D., Opa-locka, FL
Federal Panel: DOE - Corlis Moody, Director Economic Impact & Diversity
            HUD - Deputy Secretary Dwight Robinson
            DOD - Deputy Under Secretary Sherri Goodman
EJ Response Panel:
            Rev. Buck Jones, Project Hope, East St. Louis, IL
            Gloria Thurman, Anacostia/Congress Heighst Partnership
            Ben F. Wilson, Esq., National Bar Association

12:30pm - 2:30pm Presidents Luncheon

3pm - 4:30pm Concurrent Workshops
Workshop A - The Law & Environmental Justice
Moderator: John Rosenthal, Urban Env. Institute
Panelists: Lois J. Schiffer, Asst. Attorney General, Dept. of Justice
          Hilda V. Gurley, National Bar Association
          Daniel R. Mandelker, Washington University School of Law

Workshop B - Industry & Environmental Justice
Moderator: Robin Morris Collin, Univ. of Oregon School of Law
Panelists: Steve Herman, US EPA Office of Enforcement
          Major Michael Corbin, US Dept. of the Army
          Donelle Wilkins, WARM Training, Detroit, Michigan
          Clydia J. Cuykendall, Star Enterprise, Houston, TX

7pm - 9pm Welcome to East St. Louis Reception
9:30pm - 11pm Cruise Aboard the Casino Queen

Saturday, 4/26/97
8am - 10:30am Mayors Prayer Breakfast
10:45am - 12:30pm Concurrent Workshops
Workshop C - The Community & Env. Justice
Moderator: Eric W. Wilson, Fulton County of Env. Affairs
Panelists: Otis Jones, USDA Forest Service
          Keith Miller, Monsanto Corp.
          Alandra Byrd, New Spirit Neighborhood, East St. Louis

Workshop D - Public Health and Env. Justice
Moderator: Carolyn Bell, Community Health Resources, Memphis, TN
          Dr. Rueben C. Warren, Assoc. Admin. Urban Affairs, ATSDR
          Cynthia Warrick, Urban Env. Institute
          Dr. Jessie L. Sherrod, National Medical Association

Lunch Break

1:30pm - 3:00pm NCBM Town Hall Meeting
1:30pm - 3:30pm International Environmental Justice Forum
Moderator: Peter Sam, African Environmental & Consulting Group
Panelists: Honorable Johnny Ford, World Conference of Mayors
          Dr. Hilary I. Inyang, Univ. of Mass. Lowell
          David Hales, USAID Global Env. Center
          Lauri J. Fitz-Pegado, US Dept. of Commerce

1:30pm - 4pm HBCU EJ Grant-Writing Workshop
Moderator: John Rosenthall, Urban Env. Institute
      Robert Knox - EPA Env. Justice Dept.
      Malika Hobbs - Department of Energy

4pm - 4:45pm Final Session
    Dr. Warren Banks - Workshop Summaries/Action Plan
NCBM Closing Remarks

7pm - 7:45pm NCBM Reception

8pm - 10:30pm "Tribute to a Black American" Dinner

Transportation
Delta Airlines is the Official Carrier of the NCBM 23rd Annual Convention.
Special Convention Rates of 5% Discount off published domestic fares, and
10% Discount off the unrestricted Coach Y06/YR06 fare (except travel on
Delta Express flights). To take advantage of either discount:
Call Delta at 1-800-241-6760, 8am - 11pm.
Refer to File number: XA888
Certain Restrictions may apply and seats are limited.

Hotel Accomodations
Hotel reservations can be made at the Headquarters Hotel, The Regal
Riverfront Hotel. Identify yourself as an attendee at NCBM's Convention
and Secure special discounted rates as follows:

River Regalfront Hotel
200 South 4th Street           Room Rate: $105.00 (single or double)
St. Louis, MO 63102
(314) 241-9500 or 1-800-325-7353

National Conference of Black Mayors, Inc.
Environmental Justice Registration

Name_____________________________________________

Title____________________________________________

Organization_____________________________________

Address__________________________________________

City___________________ State______________Zip_________

Phone (   )______________ FAX (        )_________________

EJ Conference registration includes the Mayors Receptions on Thursday and
Friday. Fees for Meal Functions are Additional. Registration for the
23rd Annual Convention includes registration for the EJ Conference and all
meals.
Fees: Pre-Registration (by 4/9)   On-Site Registration   Total

Mayors
Convention $400                          $450

EJ Conference
General Reg. $200                        $250

Government $175                          $200

Non-Profit   $100                        $100

HBCU         $ 75                        $ 75

Presidents Lunch     $50

Prayer Breakfast     $35

Tribute Dinner             $75


Method of Payment:

Check/Money Order/Purchase Order No:__________ Total Amount Paid$_____

Credit Card: MC_______ VISA_______              Diner's Club_______ AMEX________

Card Number:_______________________________Expiration Date:____________

Signature:____________________________________________________________

Please make check or money order payable to:

       National Conferece of Black Mayors, Inc.
       1422 West Peachtree Street, N.W., Suite 800
       Atlanta, GA 30309
       (404) 892-0127 (404) 876-4597 FAX

Conference Materials and tickets will be distributed at the registration
desk, beginning April 23rd. All Pre-registrations must be post-marked by
April 9th. After that date, please register by telephone or fax.
Cancellation Policy: No refunds after April 9, 1997.

The National Bar Association is co-sponsoring this conference. This
conference qualifies for continuing legal education credits. The NBA
certifies that this activity conforms to the standards for an approved
education activity in states requiring CLE. Certification for 7.0 and 8.2
hours of CLE credits (based on 60/50minute rule) is recommended. The NBA
is an accredited sponsor of CLE.

For additional information contact:

Cynthia Warrick
Conference Coordinator
HU Urban Environment Institute
(301) 585-2295
(301) 585-8911
cwarrick@gmu.edu


From cwarrick@osf1.gmu.eduTue Apr 15 11:27:57 1997
Date: Thu, 27 Mar 1997 22:27:45 -0500
From: "CYNTHIA A. WARRICK" <cwarrick@osf1.gmu.edu>
Reply to: scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu
To: Multiple recipients of list <scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu>
Subject: The National Conference of Black Mayors EJ Conference

The National Conference of Black Mayors, The National Bar Association, and
the Howard University Urban Environment Institute present:

       "The State of Environmental Justice in America"
during the 23rd Annual Convention of the NCBM, April 25-26, 1997
River Regalfront Hotel, St. Louis, Missouri

Thursday, 4/24/97
8am - 6pm Registration
7pm - 9pm Mayors Opening Reception- City of St.Louis

Friday, 4/25/97
8am - 12noon Registration
8am - 3:30pm Exhibit Hall Opens

9am - 10:30am Opening Plenary Session
       "The State of Environmental Justice in America"
Welcome: Mayor Emanuel Cleaver, II, President NCBM
         Mayor David Humes, NCBM Env. Committee Chair
Introductions: Dennis Gramms, Region 7 EPA Administrator
Opening Remarks: Carol Browner, EPA Administrator
Keynote Address: "Ten Years Since Toxic Waste & Race" - Elliott Laws,
       Patton & Boggs, Wash.DC

10:45am - 12:15pm Federal Agency Reports: Actions taken since the
Exec.Order 12898
Moderator: Mayor Robert B. Ingram, Ph.D., Opa-locka, FL
Federal Panel: DOE - Corlis Moody, Director Economic Impact & Diversity
            HUD - Deputy Secretary Dwight Robinson
            DOD - Deputy Under Secretary Sherri Goodman
EJ Response Panel:
            Rev. Buck Jones, Project Hope, East St. Louis, IL
            Gloria Thurman, Anacostia/Congress Heighst Partnership
            Ben F. Wilson, Esq., National Bar Association

12:30pm - 2:30pm Presidents Luncheon

3pm - 4:30pm Concurrent Workshops
Workshop A - The Law & Environmental Justice
Moderator: John Rosenthal, Urban Env. Institute
Panelists: Lois J. Schiffer, Asst. Attorney General, Dept. of Justice
          Hilda V. Gurley, National Bar Association
          Daniel R. Mandelker, Washington University School of Law

Workshop B - Industry & Environmental Justice
Moderator: Robin Morris Collin, Univ. of Oregon School of Law
Panelists: Steve Herman, US EPA Office of Enforcement
          Major Michael Corbin, US Dept. of the Army
          Donelle Wilkins, WARM Training, Detroit, Michigan
          Clydia J. Cuykendall, Star Enterprise, Houston, TX

7pm - 9pm Welcome to East St. Louis Reception
9:30pm - 11pm Cruise Aboard the Casino Queen

Saturday, 4/26/97
8am - 10:30am Mayors Prayer Breakfast
10:45am - 12:30pm Concurrent Workshops
Workshop C - The Community & Env. Justice
Moderator: Eric W. Wilson, Fulton County of Env. Affairs
Panelists: Otis Jones, USDA Forest Service
          Keith Miller, Monsanto Corp.
          Alandra Byrd, New Spirit Neighborhood, East St. Louis

Workshop D - Public Health and Env. Justice
Moderator: Carolyn Bell, Community Health Resources, Memphis, TN
          Dr. Rueben C. Warren, Assoc. Admin. Urban Affairs, ATSDR
          Cynthia Warrick, Urban Env. Institute
          Dr. Jessie L. Sherrod, National Medical Association

Lunch Break
1:30pm - 3:00pm NCBM Town Hall Meeting
1:30pm - 3:30pm International Environmental Justice Forum
Moderator: Peter Sam, African Environmental & Consulting Group
Panelists: Honorable Johnny Ford, World Conference of Mayors
          Dr. Hilary I. Inyang, Univ. of Mass. Lowell
          David Hales, USAID Global Env. Center
          Lauri J. Fitz-Pegado, US Dept. of Commerce

1:30pm - 4pm HBCU EJ Grant-Writing Workshop
Moderator: John Rosenthall, Urban Env. Institute
      Robert Knox - EPA Env. Justice Dept.
      Malika Hobbs - Department of Energy

4pm - 4:45pm Final Session
      Dr. Warren Banks - Workshop Summaries/Action Plan
NCBM Closing Remarks

7pm - 7:45pm NCBM Reception

8pm - 10:30pm "Tribute to a Black American" Dinner

Transportation
Delta Airlines is the Official Carrier of the NCBM 23rd Annual Convention.
Special Convention Rates of 5% Discount off published domestic fares, and
10% Discount off the unrestricted Coach Y06/YR06 fare (except travel on
Delta Express flights). To take advantage of either discount:
Call Delta at 1-800-241-6760, 8am - 11pm.
Refer to File number: XA888
Certain Restrictions may apply and seats are limited.

Hotel Accomodations
Hotel reservations can be made at the Headquarters Hotel, The Regal
Riverfront Hotel. Identify yourself as an attendee at NCBM's Convention
and Secure special discounted rates as follows:

River Regalfront Hotel
200 South 4th Street           Room Rate: $105.00 (single or double)
St. Louis, MO 63102
(314) 241-9500 or 1-800-325-7353

National Conference of Black Mayors, Inc.
Environmental Justice Registration

Name_____________________________________________

Title____________________________________________
Organization_____________________________________

Address__________________________________________

City___________________ State______________Zip_________

Phone (      )______________ FAX (     )_________________

EJ Conference registration includes the Mayors Receptions on Thursday and
Friday. Fees for Meal Functions are Additional. Registration for the
23rd Annual Convention includes registration for the EJ Conference and all
meals.

Fees: Pre-Registration (by 4/9)   On-Site Registration   Total

Mayors
Convention $400                         $450

EJ Conference
General Reg. $200                       $250

Government $175                         $200

Non-Profit     $100                     $100

HBCU           $ 75                     $ 75

Presidents Lunch      $50

Prayer Breakfast      $35

Tribute Dinner              $75


Method of Payment:

Check/Money Order/Purchase Order No:__________ Total Amount Paid$_____

Credit Card: MC_______ VISA_______             Diner's Club_______ AMEX________

Card Number:_______________________________Expiration Date:____________

Signature:____________________________________________________________

Please make check or money order payable to:
      National Conferece of Black Mayors, Inc.
      1422 West Peachtree Street, N.W., Suite 800
      Atlanta, GA 30309
      (404) 892-0127 (404) 876-4597 FAX

Conference Materials and tickets will be distributed at the registration
desk, beginning April 23rd. All Pre-registrations must be post-marked by
April 9th. After that date, please register by telephone or fax.
Cancellation Policy: No refunds after April 9, 1997.

The National Bar Association is co-sponsoring this conference. This
conference qualifies for continuing legal education credits. The NBA
certifies that this activity conforms to the standards for an approved
education activity in states requiring CLE. Certification for 7.0 and 8.2
hours of CLE credits (based on 60/50minute rule) is recommended. The NBA
is an accredited sponsor of CLE.

For additional information contact:

Cynthia Warrick
Conference Coordinator
HU Urban Environment Institute
(301) 585-2295
(301) 585-8911
cwarrick@gmu.edu


From astingsh@ksu.eduTue Apr 15 11:28:34 1997
Date: Fri, 28 Mar 1997 16:02:54 -0500
From: kerry miller <astingsh@ksu.edu>
Reply to: scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu
To: Multiple recipients of list <scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu>
Subject: Re: EARTHDAY (fwd)

>Date:          Wed, 26 Mar 1997 21:59:46 -0500
>Sender: Green School List <GRNSCH-L@BROWNVM.BROWN.EDU>
>From: Mitchell Gold <mgold@OISE.UTORONTO.CA>
>Subject:       Re: EARTHDAY
>To: Multiple recipients of list GRNSCH-L <GRNSCH-L@BROWNVM.BROWN.EDU>
>
>>
>
>Earth Day!
>
>What is Earth Day?
>
>I have just arrived from another galaxy and I find it strange that you
>people on this planet have an "earth day". What is it in this day that
>you find so interesting? Why is it different from the other days you
>have created names for?
>
>I can understand United Nations Day because that is something that you
>created in order to have an orderly world. I can understand that you
>have an International Peace Day and an International Day for Families.
>These are all human constructions to sustain order on your planet.
>
>Do you celebrate the "day"? or the Earth? Is it really a 24 hour
>experience? It also seems strange to me that the picture that you use to
>promote this day is over twenty years old, taken by one of your
>primitive NASA ships. Is it not strange that there are not more recent
>pictures? Why are they being hidden? And who is hiding them?
>
>Life where I come from is not so complicated. We learned that everything
>is interconnected, interrelated and interdependant. We did not have to
>teach the elders this information, they teach it to us. They taught us
>other important lessons that your elders seem to have misplaced.
> We learned that it was important to learn how to make peace. You have a
>strange job function on your "earth". It is called "peace keeping".
>Would it not be easier to make peace than to try and "keep " it. You
>cannot keep peace. It is not a static enterprise. It is an activity that
>you enjoy. True, it does require some characteristics that you humans
>have little time for. Several come to mind: trust, joy , responsibility,
>courage, love. These words have so many meanings to you they become
>confusing. They are simple notions that should be part of your early
>childhood training. But alas they are not.
>
>Maybe the answer lies in how you look at energy and all the differnet
>kinds of energy. Most important - human energy. How will you ever
>find out? There is an experience called breathing that you have not
>learned to do yet. You think that because you are alive it is not
>necessary to learn how to breathe. A foolish thought that is.
>
>Enough complaining. I am starting to talk like you already.
>
>Perhaps on this day you call "earth" day, you were might not read your
>newspapers or watch that thing called television. Call it a media fast.
>Go next door to visit with your neighbour. Take them a gift. It does not
>matter what the gift is. It should be a gift from your heart. It could
>be a simple thing like a penny. . "I found this on the street to-day and
>I wanted to bring it to you for good luck." Sit and talk for awhile.
>Have a drink of cold clean water and toast each others good health and
>happiness.
>
>Now, that would be an "earth" day. Imagine.
>
>
>Mitchell Gold
>
>IPC 2000 Project
>
>
>                                      o#'9MMHb':'-,o,
>                                  .oH":HH$' "' ' -*R&o,
>                                 dMMM*""'`'             .oM"HM?.
>                             ,MMM'                   "HLbd< ?&H\
>                           .:MH ."\                  ` MM MM&b
>                         . "*H          -         &MMMMMMMMMH:
>                         .        dboo             MMMMMMMMMMMM.
>                         . dMMMMMMb                          *MMMMMMMMMP.
>                         .        MMMMMMMP                        *MMMMMP .
>                                  `#MMMMM                         MM6P ,
>                           '       `MMMP"                      HM*`,
>                             '       :MM                     .- ,
>                               '. `#?.. .                ..'
>                                    -. .               .-
>                                       ''-.oo,oo.-''
>
>
>International Association of Educators for World Peace
>International Peace City 2000
>
>
>                                      Home Planet Alliance
>                                      2 Bloor St. West
>                                      Suite 100-209
>                                      Toronto, Ontario, Canada
>                                      M4W 3E2
>
>                                      Tel 416-924-4449
>                                      Fax 416-924-4094
>                        e-mail: homeplanet@homeplanet.org
>
James Cahillane
University of Chicago
Office of Resource Conservation
recycle@uchicago.edu
773.702.3415
fax: 773.702.3340

*****************************************************
If you want to subscribe or unsubscribe to econet, send a message to:
<majordomo@listhost.uchicago.edu>
The subject line should be blank and the body of the message should
only say: subscribe econet or unsubscribe econet
To submit a message to the econet mailing list, mail to:
<econet@listhost.uchicago.edu>
The econet moderator's e-mail is: <owner-econet@listhost.uchicago.edu>
Visit the University of Chicago Environmental Center!
Reynolds Club Basement, 2A. Call for hours: 702-0405
<ucec@envirocenter.uchicago.edu> http://envirocenter.uchicago.edu
5706 S. University Ave, Chicago, IL 69637
*****************************************************


From sarena@u.washington.eduTue Apr 15 11:29:00 1997
Date: Fri, 28 Mar 1997 22:24:59 -0500
From: Sarena Seifer <sarena@u.washington.edu>
Reply to: scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu
To: Multiple recipients of list <scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu>
Subject: SL Institute for Health Professions Faculty


Community-Campus Partnerships for Health is pleased to announce the
second annual summer service-learning institute for health professions
faculty, "Faculty in Service-Learning: Exploring New Ground in Health
Professions Education." The institute is being cosponsored by the
Corporation for National Service, the Health Professions Schools in
Service to the Nation Program, and Northern Virginia Community College.

The institute will be held June 28 - July 1, 1997 at the Sleeping Lady
Retreat Center and Resort in Leavenworth, WA at the base of the
beautiful Cascade Mountains. To facilitate meaningful learning, the
Institute will be limited to 28 participants. Complete information and
application materials may be obtained by using our fax-on-demand service
through the Cooperative Education Association by calling 503/402-1307 and
selecting document #412. Applications are due on Monday May 5, 1997.

During daily, intensive, interactive workshops and small group sessions,
participants will learn about:

**the pedagogy of service-learning -- theoretical foundations and current
practices, similarities and differences with other forms of
community-based learning

**effective curricular models of service-learning in a variety of health
professions disciplines, including interdisciplinary models

**strategies for promoting reflection, building community-campus
partnerships and assessing service-learning outcomes

**strategies for institutionalizing service-learning into the health
professions curriculum

**service-learning as a vehicle for knowledge transformation and social
change

Participants will work with mentors and colleagues from across the
country. National experts in service-learning pedagogy and health
professions faculty who have incorporated community service into their
courses will share program models and reflect with institute participants
on the integration of community service, scholarship and teaching. A
unique and effective aspect of the Institute's approach is inclusion of
the mentoring model -- participants will work in small groups and as
individuals with mentors to further shape their own action plans for
developing service-learning curricula.

Last year's institute drew faculty from medicine, dentistry, nursing,
pharmacy, public health and physician assistant programs. Past
participants reflect on their experiences:

"Some of the most important benefits of having participated in the
service-learning institute included the network of experienced colleagues
engaged in service-learning and learning about the fundamental tools of
service-learning. Both gave me direction in integrating service-learning
into my community-based public health seminar."

"The structure and content of the Institute were keys to its success. The
diversity of topics and teaching styles; the combination of theory and
practical sessions; the attention to the needs of people at different
stages of service-learning development; and the emphasis on learning from
each other were all features of the institute that distinguish it from the
typical faculty development workshops I've attended."

"This year's Institute gave me the opportunity interact with peers from
different disciplines and learn strategies for effective community
partnership building and developing appropriate service roles for
students. I still communicate with colleagues from the Institute!"

If you have questions about the Institute or about Community-Campus
Partnerships for Health, please contact Kara Connors, Associate Director,
by phone at 415/502-4771 or by email: karac@itsa.ucsf.edu


From lgreen@unixg.ubc.caTue Apr 15 11:28:19 1997
Date: Fri, 28 Mar 1997 15:23:14 -0500
From: "Lawrence W. Green" <lgreen@unixg.ubc.ca>
Reply to: scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu
To: Multiple recipients of list <scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu>
Subject: Special Supplement to Canadian Journal of Public Health on

The University of British Columbia Institute of Health Promotion Research
and several of its colleagues and sponsoring agencies recently produced a
special supplement to the Canadian Journal of Public Health on the first
"Canadian Conference on Dissemination Research: Strengthening Health
Promotion and Disease Prevention." The titles are identified below for your
interest. For information on complimentary copies, see end of the list of
titles.

Canadian journal of public health. NOV/DEC 1996 v 87 supp2

PG S5-10 Johnson, J.L., Green, L.W., Frankish, C.J, MacLean, D. Stachenko,
S. A Dissemination Research Agenda to Strengthen Health Promotion and
Disease Prevention.

PG S11-17 Green, L.W. Johnson, J.L.
Dissemination and Utilization of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
Knowledge: Theory, Research and Experience.

PG S18-23 Nutbeam, D. Improving the Fit Between Research and Practice in
Health Promotion: Overcoming Structural Barriers.

PG S24-27 Ferrence, R. Using Diffusion Theory in Health Promotion: The Case of
Tobacco.

PG S28-33 Orlandi, M.A. Health Promotion Technology Transfer: Organizational
Perspectives.

PG S34-39 Jennett, P.A. Premkumar, K. Technology-based Dissemination.

PG S40-43 MacLean, D.R. Positioning Dissemination in Public Health Policy.
PG S44-49 Farquhar, J.W. The Case for Dissemination Research in Health
Promotion and Disease Prevention.

PG S50-53 Cameron R, R. Brown, K.S. Best, J.A. The Dissemination of Chronic
Disease Prevention Programs: Linking Science and Practice.

PG S54-56 Schabas, R. Promoting Heart Health Promotion.

PG S57-59 Stachenko, S. The Canadian Heart Health Initiative: Dissemination
Perspectives.

supp2 PG S60-62 Bryant, H. Breast Cancer Screening in Canada: Climbing
the Diffusion Curve.

PG S63-67 Patel, V.L. Cognition and Technology in Health Education Research.

PG S68-70 Bourque, N.M. Searching for the Knowledge to Heal: Improving the
Links Between Medical Research and the Consumer.

PG S71-74 Bass, M.J. Dissemination Research in Primary Care: Impacting the Real
World of the Practitioner.

PG S75-78 Butler-Jones, D. Enhancing Prevention in the Practice of Health
Professionals.

PG S79-83 Potvin, L. Methodological Challanges in Evaluation of Dissemination
Programs.

PG S84-86 Rootman, I. Health Communication Research and Health Promotion.

If your library does not carry this journal or you would like to have a
personal copy, we can send a complementary copy to members of this Listserv
for $3.00 shipping and handling to U.S. or Canada, $4.00 overseas, or you
can purchase single copies from Canadian Public Health Association for
$15.50 Canadian or $18.35 USA, or $22 overseas. Up to 30 photocopies of
articles are permitted without permission, but with acknowledgement of CJPH.




---------------------------------------
Lawrence W. Green
Professor, Health Care & Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine
Director, Institute of Health Promotion Research, Faculty of Graduate Studies
University of British Columbia
2206 East Mall, Room 324
Vancouver, BC Canada V6T 1Z4
Tel: (604) 822-5776
Fax: (604) 822-9210
e-mail: lgreen@unixg.ubc.ca
IHPR Web Site: http://www.ihpr.ubc.ca

From frankish@unixg.ubc.caTue Apr 15 11:29:06 1997
Date: Sat, 29 Mar 1997 09:21:08 -0500
From: James Frankish <frankish@unixg.ubc.ca>
Reply to: scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu
To: Multiple recipients of list <scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu>


Please post

ANNOUNCING

4th UBC Summer Institute on Health Promotion Planning and Evaluation

at the Institute of Health Promotion Research
University of British Columbia
UBC Campus, Vancouver, B.C., Canada

July 14-18, 1997

Sessions planned for practitioners, educators and researchers who plan, implement or
evaluate health promotion programs or policies. The workshop sessions use the
Precede-Proceed model and guidelines on participatory research as the organizing
frameworks
to take participants through the development of plans or evaluation proposals for the
population in which they are working.

Canadian $330 for 3-day (Mon.-Wed.), or $500 for 5-day (Mon.-Fri.).
Software & manual, $40 optional.

For copy of brochure, registration or information:
Wood and Associates, #502, 1281 West Georgia Street, Vancouver, BC V6E 3J7
Canada
Tel: 604-688-3787 Fax: 604-688-5749

J. Frankish, Assoc Dir, Institute of Health Promotion Research
BC Health Research Scholar, Asst. Prof. Hlth Care & Epidemiology
Rm 308, LPC Building 2206 East Mall, Vancouver BC V6T 1Z3
604-822-9205, f:604-822-9210, frankish@unixg.ubc.ca OR http://www.ihpr.ubc.ca
From dyurman@igc.apc.orgTue Apr 15 11:29:34 1997
Date: Sun, 30 Mar 1997 01:56:23 -0500
From: Dan Yurman <dyurman@igc.apc.org>
Reply to: scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu
To: Multiple recipients of list <scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu>
Subject: Data Mgt. Nuclear Health Effects Issues

Data Issues for Nuclear Health Effects Studies

by:   Dan Yurman P.O. Box 1569 Idaho Falls, ID 83403
      dyurman@igc.apc.org

      Those of you interested in how "citizen science" is working in the
US might find this article, which is the third in a series, of interest.
It addresses the health effects studies being conducted at four
Department of Energy facilities. Over the past five years no small
amount of effort has been expended, and no small amount of perspiration
generated by three federal health agencies on a series of dose
reconstruction studies related to hazardous chemical and radiation
exposures at these facilities.

       A key challenge faced by citizens involved in the study is to make
sense of the scientific methods and their results. A key question faced
by the citizens is whether to "trust" the data. In February 1996
allegations were reported in the Cincinnati news media that crucial
radiation exposure records at Fernald, OH, had been falsified. Even if
historical records are accurate, and not tampered with, there is still
the question of how data collected as long as 40 years ago can withstand
the rigor of modern analytic techniques and support conclusive findings
related to exposures of worker and off-site populations

       The challenge to the participating agencies and the affected
citizens is how to manage and analyze the data. Each agency is
addressing different potentially affected populations. CDC is looking at
potential off-site impacts. NIOSH is looking at potential on-site
impacts, and ATSDR may conduct a broad environmental assessment
addressing both geographic focus areas.

      How will all three agencies combine their data, the resulting
analyses, and produce conclusive findings to produce a cohesive picture?
How will citizens make sense of the findings, especially when the health
effects studies reach the risk communication stage? Citizens ask why
the agencies have fragmented their missions and studies in terms of
affected populations? The next question is whether fragmented health
studies, in terms of reseach methods, will also produce an inability to
pool data and produce integrated results?

Background

       As a result of an open records program initiated by U.S.
Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Hazel O'Leary, information is being
made available for the first time which is useful in calculating the
radiation and hazardous chemical exposures of worker populations and
ordinary citizens in communities which are home to nuclear weapons
plants and related facilities. Until now few have recognized the
national scope of health effects studies which are likely to become more
significant over time. A virtual constellation of federal health
agencies are now conducting "dose reconstruction" and parallel health
effects studies at Hanford, WA, Idaho Falls, ID, Fernald, OH, and
Savannah River, GA. Other sites will soon follow. Workers and
citizens who encounter researchers from the federal agencies have asked
four common questions.

     -*- are we exposed?
     -*- are we affected?
     -*- did exposures contribute to or cause disease?
     -*- if we are not affected now, will we suffer later?

Inconclusive Answers

       It may be difficult for citizens to get answers. The scientific
work being done by these agencies to document and calculate exposures to
radiation and hazardous chemicals is fraught with uncertainty, politics,
organizational confusion, and doubt that anything more than
"inconclusive" results will be the outcome of years of effort. Some
non-government organizations believe dose reconstruction studies are a
waste of time. They believe clinical studies of obviously affected
worker populations, especially those still active at DOE sites, should
be the priority of federal health agencies.

        Data management issues are at the forefront of such concerns. The
vast major of the data types and results were defined and collected
decades before modern techniques of environmental site sampling and
analysis became widely accepted at DOE sites. For instance,
computerized paper records at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory
about shipments of radioactive waste to Idaho from Rocky Flats,
Colorado, in the 1960s and 70s have a high degree of uncertainty because
the original freight manifests were not always correctly or completely
filled out.

     If one assumes the there is some value to dose reconstruction
studies, what can be said about the data management issues which will
affects their outcome? The National Research Council's recent text on
"Radiation Dose Reconstruction for Epidemiologic Uses," (1995) has a
chapter on data requirements. However, this discussion is about data
types and not about data management processes.

      Neither the citizen's advisory group nor the federal health
agencies have addressed the data management issue in a systematic
manner. A key issue is whether other citizen science efforts have done
so and if so what were their results? In the meantime, there may be
value in describing the requirement for good data management while
recognizing the problems with the historical data themselves.

Mission for Data Management

      CDC has proposed writing a strategic plan for health effects
studies at each of the DOE sites under study. The starting point for
any strategic plan is a mission statement. The mission for data
management for dose reconstruction studies is to deliver quality assured
data for decision making. Data management functions must meet scientific
research requirements through appropriate technical capabilities.

      The data management process must answer key questions in terms
applicable to users of quality assured data, e.g., the federal agencies
conducting health effects studies and the affected public. These
questions are:

*    What data are available?
*    How are these data relevant to the dose reconstruction studies?
*    Where are the data stored and accessible?
*    What can be done with the data?

      Good data management ensures effective use of various scientific
data generated by or applied to health effects studies. What needs to
be done to acquire data that are technically credible and which meet
research needs? The purpose of data management is to provide consistent
and rapid access to accurate, validated data which will be used in
scientific analyses and decision making concerning measures of
exposures, and related health effects, to hazardous chemicals and
radioactive materials. The expected outcomes of effective data
management include:

*    Assign responsibilities for data definition, collection,
     processing, storage, and use.

*    Ensure data meets mission requirements by setting accountability
      for data management.

*     Facilitate data sharing and reuse by defining data quality
      objectives and clarifying data management roles and
      responsibilities.

*     Deliver data of known and validated quality for analysis and
      decision making.

      Data are collected, stored, and used to support dose
reconstruction studies. Thus, data are important resources. Storage
and retrieval of data for decision making cannot be delegated to a third
party or a subcontractor with limited scope of work and duration of
funding. Additionally, where contractors are used to acquire primary
data, delivery orders must specify final delivery of validated results
data to a permanent government data management system and not in one
operated by a contractor solely for the life of the delivery order.

       Too often we confuse technology and software techniques with
effective data managemnet. Program needs for data, including the
satisfaction of scientific requirements to support decisions on health
effects studies, are distinct from the technology to electronically
store, retrieve, and manipulate this information. Effective management
of data to support health effects studies requires that accurate
information about that data (meta data) be kept, and in a manner that it
can be retrieved as easily as the primary data itself. A common
approach to defining affected populations, or their geographically
distinct segments, will make it easier to share data among systems and
offices. The expected results of data acquisition and analysis
activities must be clearly understood.

Objectives for Data Types

      Types of information include exposure records from accidents,
chemical sampling and analysis results for conventional and mixed
wastes, geological and geophysical data, hydrological data, and other
scientific data related to the site characterization and remedial design
processes. These data types are supremely important to dose
reconstruction studies because they contain information on the known
releases of uncontrolled hazardous chemicals or radioactive materials.

       DOE sites use a variety of scientific data including, raw,
verified, validated, reduced, and interpreted data, in making
remediation decisions. The data management controls described are
intended to apply equally to each, but not all data are validated to the
same degree nor are all validated data transformed by subsequent
analyses in the same way. Different data types are used for different
purposes. Examples of data types include:

*    Raw Data are generated from measurement devices.

*    Verified Data are raw physical values corrected by calibration
     operators.

*    Validated Data are verified data filtered through quality
     assurance procedures.

*    Reduced Data are aggregated, validated sets (e.g. averages, sums,
     and the products of statistical or other analytic tools or
     models).

*    Interpreted Data are reduced data combined with validated data
     sets from other sources and merged in applications such as
     geographic information systems, scientific visualization (e.g.,
     maps, graphs, and diagrams), and tabular reports.

Quality Assurance Objectives

      The level of confidence for the data acquisition process depends
on three factors. These are:

*    Determinations of the types and uses of the data are based on data
     quality objectives.

*    Verification that specified methods to acquire the data are
     followed in the data acquisition process.

*    Validation of the verified data to determine that data quality
     objectives are met.

     Two key terms used here are Data Verification and Data Validation.
These are defined as follows:

      Data verification This is an ongoing, routine activity conducted
to determine if data is accurately quantified, recorded, and analyzed in
accordance with required procedures. Data verification is a screening
process which determines that data are being produced or acquired
according to the specifications for their acquisition. Verification is
a subset of the validation process.

     Data validation This is an independent and timely systematic
process for reviewing data against one or more sets of criteria to
provide assurance that the data are adequate for their intended use.
Data validation consists of data editing, screening, checking, auditing,
and review. In order for data verification and data validation to work,
"meta data," or data about the analysis results values, must be
developed as part of the site characterization process.

      Data quality objectives are used to control nonconforming data
items with respect to their use in health effects studies. Since the
vast majority of data acquired for use on dose reconstruction study do
not adhere to modern day data management standards, these questions are
very important. The appro- priate use of data quality objectives in
controlling nonconforming data can be described by five questions. These
questions define the meta data and are:

*     Who collected what data and when?

*     What are the characteristics of the data collection methods and
      systems?

*     What are the transformation functions which have been applied to
      interpreted data to support decision making?

*     How are the citations and documentation about the data accessible?

*     What is the original structure and format of the data before being
      transformed, analyzed, and reduced for use in a decision document?

Data Uses

       The primary focus is that data management tools and techniques are
directed at completing the phases of various health effects studies as
defined by the research protocols in terms of their expected results. In
this case, the term "expected results" does not refer to sets of data
values, but rather to types of findings. Thus, data management needs
within health effects studies are addressed by the following expected
uses of data.

*     Determine the extent, transport mechanisms, and fates of
      contaminants. This includes data from site characterization,
      contaminant source determination, trend analyses, and transport
      and fate studies, e.g., pathway analysis, health effects impacts,
      etc.

*     Identify the most common contaminants at DOE sites and plot their
      locations using a geographic information system (GIS). Predict
      extent of contamination, concentrations, and residence times.
     Validate exposure. Support health-based risk assessment.

*    Support verification/validation of models, support for document
     reviews, and other forms of scientific health study evaluations.

*    Support documentation requirements consistent with research
     protocols and accepted scientific practice.

*    Support inquiry response, e.g., responses to Freedom of
     Information Act (FOIA) requests, long-term monitoring of affected
     populations, e.g., disease registries, etc.

Data Access User Interface

      In order for data stored in electronic form to be used, the data
must be accessible. The objectives for the user interface of a computer
system supporting data management are to provide health effects study
users ease of access to retrieve data and the use of analytic tools for
preparation of reports. Objectives for the user interfaces are:

*    Data are organized by domains specific interfaces, e.g., chemical,
     geological, atmospheric, dosimetry, etc.

*    The system supports novice and expert modes for access of data and
     use of analytic tools.

*    The interface provide the capabilities to browse different data
     sets.

*    It has hooks to special application programs, e.g., graphics and
     geographic information system (GIS).

*    It provides user access to different levels of storage in a
     transparent manner.

*    Data administration practices maintain audit trails of data sets
     used and transformations applied.

Management Responsibilities

      Many of the practices put in place by management at participating
agencies will support these requirements. However, all of the
requirements will require evaluation in terms of resources needed to
insure compliance. Requirements for fulfilling the role of management at
agencies conducting health effects studies include.
*    Defines the role of management for quality and provides for
     periodic self-assessment of effectiveness of the QA program.

*    Requires formal QA program for all data management activities.

*    Affects sub-contractors and suppliers of technical products and
     services.

*    Requires formal document control.

*    Requires quality program for computer systems as specified by
     IEEE/ANSI.

*    Requires qualified individuals to perform work, and these
     qualifications must be documented in project records.

*    Focuses on early detection for quality problems where prevention
     is not possible.

Setting Common Agency Standards

      A major contribution to strategic planning of nuclear health
effects studies would be for participating agencies to set common
standards for data integration. The value of jointly adopted standards
by CDC, NIOSH, and ATSDR will be that all three agencies will have a
common basis for determining technical requirements in the area of data
management. Some management practices for this set of expected results
related to data management practices include:

*    Requires systematic planning of data collection and use.

*    Focuses on data quality objectives process to define scientific
     research needs and communication with the public.

*    Design of data collection operations must be documented in project
     specific quality assurance plan.

*    Requires independent review of project's QA plan. QA plan is
     binding on all organizations participating in the project, e.g.
     sub-contractors, matrixed units, etc.

*    Determines that data usability is set by reconciliation of results
     with data quality objectives, and documentation required on
     limitations on the use of the data.

Some Notes on Models
      What policies and procedures exist in among federal health
agencies to control the use of models which support dose reconstructions
studies? During the past decade there has been a steady increase in the
frequency with which computerized, mathematical models are used as tools
for decision making involving studies of the health effects of exposure
to hazardous and nuclear wastes. Models offer valuable capabilities to
address decision making under conditions of incomplete information or
uncertainty. However, as model development and usage proliferates,
managers and technical staff have raised concerns about the difficulties
associated with insuring that these tools are used in appropriate and
valid ways. Some of the issues include;

     Scope and Size - How many models are there in use in dose
reconstruction studies? How many are in use to support critical
research findings, but are hidden from view behind the data?

     Centers of Excellence - Who are the expert users and designers of
models for dose reconstruction studies? Are these people accessible?
How many models are developed for use by outside entities, e.g.
subcontractors, university researchers, etc.? Is there a critical mass
of modelers among CDC, NIOSH, and ATSDR to suggest a need for better
communication among them?

      Computing Environment - Many models are written in FORTRAN or
other high level languages. Older models run on minicomputers and
mainframes. Newer models are targeted for delivery on microcomputers,
workstations, and PCs using a variety of application software tools. Is
there an appropriate computer environment for models? Are there factors
involving scale, numeric processing, output devices, etc., which could
be quantified?

        Verification & Validation - Efforts for model development are
likely to be unevenly distributed among development tools, e.g.,
software development using application tools, modification of existing
models, and combination of existing software for models. This is a
change from the past when most models were developed on blackboards and
painfully coded line-by-line in Fortran.

       Model calibration and verification are the subject of considerable
controversy. There are no universally accepted definitions of model
verification and validation. The issue becomes more complex as modelers
use finished software from vendors rather than their own code to build
models. Does the literature on health effects models provide any
information on trends towards convergence of ideas about validation of
models?
       Model Selection and Use - The decision to use a model requires
expert knowledge not only of the process being represented, but also
current modeling techniques and computer assisted techniques. As a
model becomes widely distributed, it becomes difficult to keep track of
its performance under different circumstances. Should there be
guidelines on the use of a model?

       Since it is not possible to keep track of the use of models widely
distributed on personal computers, there is no way of knowing how well
or how often models have contributed to dose reconstruction research
results. Even so, flexible, application specific support is probably
needed and consultations with nationally known modeling experts may be
needed before work can be completed.

Risk Assessment for Models

       The objective for control of development of models is to minimize
the risk that data will be incorrectly transformed, analyzed, and
displayed in support of a major set of scientific findings related to
dose reconstruction. The potential risks can be grouped into four areas.

*    It is unknown whether the patterns of model selection and use are
     consistent with the requirements of major decision documents
     related to dose reconstruction. Guidelines may be needed on how
     to select and apply models.

*    Are there CDC standards for model development and testing; and are
     there criteria to judge the quality of existing models except for
     literature searches which may have been done by individual
     developers?

*    While these efforts can be classed as "heroic," they are not
     consistent with each other. Further, they do not form an
     auditable foundation for consistency in execution of quality
     processes.

Suggested Action Items for Models

     There are two potential action items. This list is not
exhaustive, and suggestions would be welcome.

*    Determine the relative importance of models supporting health
     effects studies related to potential exposures to hazardous waste
     and nuclear waste. Develop an inventory of models used or planned
     to be used in dose reconstruction studies. Keep track of data
      results which heavily depend on models and use this information in
      risk communication activities.

*    Determine whether or how contractors involved in dose
     reconstruction studies should manage model development,
     calibration, verification, and validation. What priorities should
     be placed on these activities by each research phase? Define what
     constitutes a "quality" model?

Conclusion

      This article raises important issues related to data management
for dose reconstruction studies. The objective is to drive the data
management process to achieve a greater degree of certainty on exposure
information and to prevent "inconclusive" results from dose
reconstruction studies. The intention is to enter into a continuing
dialog with federal health agencies about these issues as dose
reconstruction studies progress. I welcome comment and suggestions for
further identification of subjects appropriate for the dialog and for
refinement of the topics raised in this letter.

Author ID

      Dan Yurman is a member of a Federal Advisory Committee organized
      by the Centers for Disease Control to provide public input on
      health effects studies at the Idaho National Engineering
      Laboratory. The views expressed in this article are his own.

###
From cmuir@nmsu.eduTue Apr 15 11:29:54 1997
Date: Mon, 31 Mar 1997 17:22:42 -0500
From: clivemuir <cmuir@nmsu.edu>
Reply to: scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu
To: Multiple recipients of list <scishops@listserv.ncsu.edu>
Subject: SEA ISLANDS SUMMER RESEARCH

Dear Members,
Would you please announce this to appropriate faculty/students? Thanks.

                    SEA ISLANDS SUMMER WORKSHOP
                    Beaufort, South Carolina, USA

                    "Community Issues Research"
                      June 8-June 28, 1997

The Workshop
------------
Be among 12 young scholars with a strong interest in community action
research who will examine local issues in the sea island town of
Beaufort, South Carolina. The workshop enables participants to identify
local issues, research the history and development of the issues, utilize
a variety of field methods to assess the impact on the local community,
present the findings in a report to local organizations most closely
related to the issues.

The Setting
-----------
Beaufort, South Carolina is considered one of the top "small towns" in the
United States by a number of reputable national publications. The entire
downtown is registered as a national historic district and is the
gateway to numerous outdoor recreational and ocean activities. The area is
called the "Lowcountry" for its flat topography and the access to hundreds
of small islands and quiet waterways.

Beaufort is also the center of the "Gullah" culture - a mixture of West
African, Native, and European heritage evident in the language, food,
artistry, and music. Historic Penn Center, a national historic site, was
the first school for freed slaves in the South. It was the setting
for movies such as "Prince of Tides," "Big Chill," "Great Santini," and
"Daughters of the." It is also the home of writers, painters, musicians,
and considered the "ghost story capital" of the United States.

Downtown Beaufort, where most of the seminars and research will take
place, is quite accessible by foot and bicycle and provides ample
educational and cultural amenities of any medium sized town. The city
population is around 10,000.

Local Arrangements
------------------
Workshop participants will live in the community among long-time residents
(families reaching back to the 1700s) and work closely with local
organizations as needed by their research. Work groups of three will focus
on a particular issue and present a report at the end of the workshop. The
local university, community college, museum, courthouse, historical
society, and county library will be the venues for our seminars and
guest lectures are all located in the downtown area. Everything is within
walking/biking distance.

Workshop Cost and Housing
-------------------------
The entire three-week workshop runs $195 and includes seminars,
guest lectures, materials, and most site visits! The cost is purposely
kept below cost in order to encourage participation from those who might
not otherwise be able to attend such a workshop.

Housing for the three weeks will be extra but should run about $200
depending on the type of accommodation sought. A list of available housing
nearby the University of South Carolina, Beaufort, will be mailed upon
acceptance into the program and payment of $50 workshop deposit.

Participant Expectations
------------------------
Participants should be prepared to engage in an intensive workshop for the
entire three weeks. There will be occasional breaks for fishing and
crabbing trips, beach combing, and canoeing. However, expect to spend some
Saturdays and Sundays "in the field" (depending on the issues being
researched). While such recreational activities will be interspersed
throughout the workshop, participants are expected to attend all seminars,
complete readings, write reports, etc. on time. Participants may choose to
arrive a week early or stay a week late to engage in vacation activities.

Application Information
-----------------------
The application process begins with a letter of interest, one-page resume,
and two letters of recommendation. The letter should outline your interest
in community issues research, involvement in various types of communities,
and plans for future research and community involvement. The resume should
also focus on education, experience, and skills related to the theme of
the workshop. Letters of recommendation, preferrably from teachers and/or
community leaders, should address the applicant's academic background and
experience in community development, social research, and leadership.

Application material must be submitted in hard copy and by surface
mail to the address below by April 18, 1997. Notification of selection
will be made by April 25 and a workshop deposit ($50) must be sent by May
2. A list of pre-workshop reading materials and housing will be mailed
upon receipt of deposit. Cancellations after May 15 for any reason will
result in forfeiture of deposit.

Please include an e-mail address and phone number in your correspondence.

Applications should be mailed to:

      Clive Muir
      Community Issues Research Coordinator
      Sea Island Summer Workshop
      Drawer N, Mesilla, NM 88046 USA
E-mail contact: <cmuir@nmsu.edu>
Phone contact: Clive Muir 505-646-3931 (New Mexico State University)

								
To top