Docstoc

science

Document Sample
science Powered By Docstoc
					Science
After the Hurricane
Number: VC1659 Grade Level: 4-9               Length: 27 min.
Hurricane Andrew, the most destructive natural disaster in U.S. history, slammed into South
Florida at 164 miles an hour. Andrew’s winds gusted so hard that they broke the wind gauge at
the National Hurricane Center. Andrew left 160,000 people homeless and wreaked
environmental damage that will take years to repair. Scientists fear the area may be entering a
new cycle of major hurricanes. Visit South Florida, and meet some of the people who are
rebuilding their lives in the wake of Hurricane Andrew. (Closed Captioned)

Aftershock
Number: VC785 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 24 min.
Using a historical perspective to study the future impact of earthquakes, "Aftershock" studies the
lessons of the Great Quake of 1906 in San Francisco and how well those lessons were followed,
as demonstrated by the 1989 Loma Prieta quake.

Air, Water, and Soil Resources
Number: VC1279 Grade Level: I Length: 15 min.
This video takes an in-depth look at why air, water, and soil are such vital resources and why we
should not take them for granted. The concept of renewable and non renewable resources is
introduced. The program discusses the gasses that make up air and explains the oxygen/carbon
dioxide cycle between people and plants. The water cycle and the process of erosion and soil
formation are also explained. The program goes on to discuss how the growth of human
population and the misuse of technology have contributed to air, water, and soil pollution. some
solutions to these problems, such as conservation, recycling, and sanitary landfills, are cited. The
program ends with a discussion of acid rain, ozone depletion, and the green house effect.
However, it stresses the importance of government, industry, and private citizens working
together to find solutions to these global environmental problems. This is part of the Earth’s
Natural Resources series.

Alexander Graham Bell
Number: VC1329 Grade Level: P/I/J Length: 30 min.
Discover how innovation and determination can lead to world-changing inventions as Alexander
Graham Bell (1847-1922) and his partner, Thomas Watson, turn a project that could merely
improve the telegraph system into one that lead to the dream of the telephone.

All About Caring for Plants (Plant Life for Children Series)
Number: VC1614 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
What to plants require in order to survive? In this video, join young plant enthusiasts as they
investigate what plants need in order to grow from seedlings to healthy adult plants. Discover
the basic necessities of a variety of plants, including sunlight, water, appropriate temperature and
proper nutrients. Learn how to provide the proper amount of these elements to enhance a plant’s
ability to grow strong and healthy. Students also find out how changes in the environment can
influence a plant’s growth in an exciting, hands-on activity. (Close-Captioned)
All about Climate and Seasons (Weather for Children)
Number: VC1610 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
Winter, spring, summer and fall—we know what happens in our own backyards at these times
during the year, but it isn’t the same everywhere in the world! When its warm and sunny where
you are, it might be very different at other places in the world. Why do the seasons change?
And what causes different regions of the world to have different climates? These and other
questions are answered in this video, where young students will learn about these yearly changes
through engaging examples and explanation. A hands-on investigation shows the effects of
direct sunlight on areas of the world, while Dr. Jon Nese, chief meteorologist at The Franklin
Institute Science Museum, demonstrates the concept behind the device known as an orrery.
(Close-Captioned)

All about Electricity (Physical Science for Children)
Number: VC1621 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
What is electricity? We get it from batteries and wall outlets, but where does it come from?
Learn the basics of this force that has become so important in our everyday lives. This vides
begins with the idea of positive and negative charges. Discover how electrical charges flow like
water through a hose, based on the key idea that opposite charges attract, while like charges
repel. This allows charges to move and create electrical current. Real-life examples and clear,
colorful graphics make theses concepts easy to understand. Students will learn about the key
ideas of circuits, conductors and insulators in a fun, hands-on activity. This program is based on
the concepts outlined in the National Science Education Standards for Physical Science:
Properties of Objects & Materials, Position & Motion of Objects and Light, Heat, Electricity &
Magnetism. (Close-Captioned)

All about Flight (Physical Science for Children)
Number: VC1622 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
How does an airplane get off the ground, fly through the air and then land safely back on the
ground when it weighs so much? Find the answers in this video. Students will discover that the
flight of an airplane is dependent upon the balance of four forces: gravity—the force that pulls
everything towards the ground; lift—the force that gets an airplane off the ground; thrust—the
force that moves an airplane forward; and drag—the force of air against an airplane. Along the
way viewers will have fun as they take a ride on a sailboat to see how a sail works like the wings
of a plane, and visit a workshop where real jet engines are built for model planes. They’ll also
discover how helicopters and hot air balloons work, and watch as our host gets behind the
controls of a real jet plane! Includes a fun, hands-on activity clearly demonstrating how the
movement of air creates lift. This program is based on the concepts outlined in the National
Science Education Standards for Physical Science: Properties of Objects & Materials, Position
& Motion of Objects and Light, Heat, Electricity & Magnetism. (Close-Captioned)

All about Forces and Gravity (Physical Science for Children)
Number: VC1623 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
A force is a push or a pull. In this video students will join our host on a parasailing adventure to
investigate how forces impact and shape everything that happens in the world around us. Learn
about gravity and the work of Sir Isaac Newton, the English scientist whose scientific principles
forever changed the way people looked at the world. Focusing on the idea that forces can either
be balanced or unbalanced, this program makes such concepts as friction and magnetism
accessible to students through fun, real-life demonstrations. Our host also explores the effects of
water pressure on scuba divers and takes to the mountains to examine the concept of air pressure.
Students will also learn how to make their own toy parachutes in a fun, hands-on activity that
demonstrates how one force can be used to work against another. This program is based on the
concepts outlined in the National Science Education Standards for Physical Science: Properties
of Objects & Materials, Position & Motion of Objects and Light, Heat, Electricity & Magnetism.
(Close-Captioned)

All about Light (Physical Science for Children)
Number: VC1624 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
We certainly take light for granted. But understanding the basic nature of light can open our
eyes to a whole new world! This video takes students on a fun journey to answer questions like:
“Why does light shine through some things and not others?” and “Why can we see our
reflections in water, but not in a rock?” Learn how light travels in waves, as well as how those
waves behave, including an introduction to the three main characteristics of light waves:
amplitude, wave-length and frequency. Discover the connection between light and color, and
learn why we stay cooler when we’re out in the sun by wearing lighter-colored clothes. Includes
a fun-hands-on activity in which students use a prism to split white light into the colors of the
rainbow and then combine colored light to create white light? With real-life demonstrations and
colorful graphics, theses concepts are more easily understood. This program is based on the
concepts outlined in the National Science Education Standards for Physical Science: Properties
of Objects & Materials, Position & Motion of Objects and Light, Heat, Electricity & Magnetism.
(Close-Captioned)

All about Magnets (Physical Science for Children)
Number: VC1625 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
Why are magnets attracted to the refrigerator but not to wooden cabinets? Why do magnets
sometimes pull together and other times push apart? Theses questions and more are answered in
this video. Students explore what makes something “magnetic” and learn that while magnets
come in many different shapes and sizes, they all have two things in common—a north and south
pole. Students will discover that opposites attract and likes repel, and how this concept is used to
propel the unique “Bullet Train,” which is able to move at high speeds without touching the train
tracks! The program also explains magnetic fields and introduces electromagnets—dramatically
demonstrated by a scrapyard crane lifting tons of metal high in the air. Also included is a fun
activity that illustrates how students can use a magnet to remove bits of iron from some fortified
breakfast cereals. This program is based on the concepts outlined in the National Science
Education Standards for Physical Science: Properties of Objects & Materials, Position & Motion
of Objects and Light, Heat, Electricity & Magnetism. (Close-Captioned)

All about Meteorology (Weather for Children)
Number: VC1611 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
Have you ever wondered how a weather forecaster knows what the weather will be like? In this
video young students will see how meteorologists can predict the weather for the upcoming week
and even a few moths down the road through scientific deduction and high-tech equipment.
Students will visit with Dr. Jon Nese, chief meteorologist at The Franklin Institute Science
Museum in Philadelphia, to get an up-close look at the equipment meteorologists use to forecast
the weather and explore such concepts as the water cycle and air pressure. Through a fun,
hands-on demonstration, see how students can set up their own mini-weather station to monitor
conditions in their own areas. (Close-Captioned)

All about Motion and Balance (Physical Science for Children)
Number: VC1626 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
Walking on a balance beam and riding a bike both require motion and balance. This video
explores these two concepts and how they are related. Students will learn that motion is
movement caused by unbalanced forces, while gravity and friction are introduced as forces that
affect motion. They will also learn why all objects resist any change in their motion. Also
included are simple explanations of key concepts such as momentum and equal and opposite
reactions, as well as an introduction to the idea of center of gravity. A fun, hands-on activity
uses a ‘tug of war’ to explore the ways in which opposing forces can be balanced or unbalanced.
This program is based on the concepts outlined in the National Science Education Standards for
Physical Science: Properties of Objects & Materials, Position & Motion of Objects and Light,
Heat, Electricity & Magnetism. (Close-Captioned)

All About Plant Adaptation (Plant Life for Children Series)
Number: VC1615 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
Plants can survive in even the harshest of environments, from the freezing Arctic to the arid
desert. In this video, join young plant lovers as they uncover some of the amazing ways that
pants have adapted over millions of years enabling them to survive almost anywhere on Earth.
Discover how some plants living in cold, arctic climates or dry, arid regions have adapted by
remaining inactive or dormant or long periods of time. Examine how some plants have evolved
in order to survive under the lush, thick canopy of the rainforest. Find out how epiphytes, like
some orchids, are able to obtain their water and nutrients right out of the air! Learn about other
ways that plants have adapted either to protect themselves from predators or to help them
reproduce to ensure their survival. A hands-on experiment that explores how the Venus flytrap
has adapted to survive in mineral-free water is also included. (Close-Captioned)

All About Plant and Animal Interdependency (Plant Life for Children Series)
Number: VC1616 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
Plants provide oxygen, food, shelter, medicine and more for a all animals, including humans. In
fact, people depend on plants for their very survival just as plants rely on animals! In this video,
join aspiring botanists as they discover how plants and animals interrelate. Learn about the
constant exchange of gases in the oxygen-carbon dioxide cycle. Discover the amazing way
plants provide energy to all of the Earth’s inhabitants through the process of photosynthesis.
Find out how animals play an important role in plant reproduction and how they are also
instrumental in dispersing plant seeds. In a hands-on experiment, students learn how animals
transport a seed to new locations. (Close-Captioned)

All About Plant Pollination: Fruit, Flowers and Seeds (Plant Life for Children Series)
Number: VC1617 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
Flowers are not only pretty, they are also one of the key elements in the process of plant
pollination and reproduction that goes from flowers to fruits to seeds! In this video, young
scientists learn about the different parts of a flower through the use of microscopic photography
and detailed diagrams. See how a flower becomes pollinated when pollen hands on the stigma of
the same type of plant. Learn about the structure of seeds and how they develop inside fruit.
Find out how seeds are dispersed and how the process starts all over again when a new plant
begins to grow. In a hands-on experiment, students pollinate a flower themselves and then
observe the development of its seeds and fruit. (Close-Captioned)

All About Plant Structure and Growth (Plant Life for Children Series)
Number: VC1618 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
How does a tiny seed sprout and grow into a towering tree? Join the students from M.A.P.L.E.
as they learn about some of the incredible transformations that a plant goes through during its
lifetime. In this video, uncover the secrets of roots, stems and leaves—structure that are vital to
a plant’s rose as an energy producer. Find out how water and minerals flow from the roots
through the stem and into the leaves through special tissue called xylem. Discover how a plant
manufactures sugar in its leaves and then transfers it to the rest of the plant through the phloem.
Uncover facts about a plant’s root system—the structure used to anchor a plant in the soil and
take in water and minerals. Learn how to identify different types of leaves—simple, compound
and needle. A hands-on experiment in which students prove that xylem tissue flows through all
parts of a plant is also included. (Close-Captioned)

All about Properties of Matter (Physical Science for Children)
Number: VC1627 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
All students know how to describe an object—by color, size and shape. This video takes
students on an exciting journey, from inside a mysterious cave to a sailboat on the open sea!
Along the way they’ll learn that all objects are made of matter, and that all matter can be
described with basic scientific properties,: mass, weight, volume and density. Each of these is
explained using fun real-life examples and clear, colorful graphics. Students will also be
introduced to the basic forms of matter: solid, liquid and gas. With clear illustrations and
properties. Includes a fun, hands-on activity in which students use density to suspend an egg in a
beaker of water. This program is based on the concepts outlined in the National Science
Education Standards for Physical Science: Properties of Objects & Materials, Position & Motion
of Objects and Light, Heat, Electricity & Magnetism. (Close-Captioned)

All about Rain, Snow, Sleet and Hail (Weather for Children)
Number: VC1612 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
Precipitation comes in many different forms and is caused by a wide variety of forces. But what
makes the sky open up? How is water changed into all of these different forms? Young students
will find the answer to these questions in this video and learn more about the sky and storm
clouds in this engaging program. Two hands-on demonstrations show that air not only has
weight, but that warm air rises, while a visit with a meteorologist illustrates how the
measurement and observation of rainfall helps in determining the forecast. (Close-Captioned)

All about Simple Machines (Physical Science for Children)
Number: VC1628 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
All students know the work “work.” But they probably don’t understand that work happens
whenever a force is used to move something—whether it’s lifting a heavy object or playing on a
see-saw. This video introduces students to the concepts of forces, work and how machines are
used to make work easier. Six simple machines are resented using fun, real-life demonstrations
and clear, colorful graphics: the lever, the wheel and axle, the pulley, the inclined plane, the
screw and the wedge. Learn more about these simple wonders and see how they are the basis for
most of the world’s tools and machines. Includes a fun, hands-on activity that lets students test
these ideas themselves by using an ordinary see-saw. This program is based on the concepts
outlined in the National Science Education Standards for Physical Science: Properties of Objects
& Materials, Position & Motion of Objects and Light, Heat, Electricity & Magnetism. (Close-
Captioned)

All about Solids, Liquids and Gases (Physical Science for Children)
Number: VC1629 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
In this video, young students will be introduced to the three common forms of matter. They’ll
learn that all things are made up of tiny particles called atoms and that the movement of these
particles determines the form that matter takes. In solids, the particles are packed tightly
together and move very little. The particles in liquids are more spread out and move faster. In a
gas, the particles are spread even further apart and move even faster. Students will also discover
how matter can change from one form into another when energy is added or taken away. The
terms melting point, freezing point and boiling point are introduced and clearly explained.
Includes many real-life examples and colorful graphics, along with a fun-hands-on activity that
demonstrates how different liquids evaporate at different rates. This program is based on the
concepts outlined in the National Science Education Standards for Physical Science: Properties
of Objects & Materials, Position & Motion of Objects and Light, Heat, Electricity & Magnetism.
(Close-Captioned)

All about Sound (Physical Science for Children)
Number: VC1630 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
Sound is part of our lives every moment of the day, which makes it easy to take for granted.
Where does sound come from and how is it created? This video takes students on a fun, exciting
journey to answer these questions and learn the basics of sound. Young viewers will learn that
sound starts with a vibration and that it travels in waves. Real-life examples and colorful
graphics help demonstrate how sound waves travel from their source to our ears. Discover why
sound needs a ‘medium’ to travel through and why that is the reason there is no sound in space.
Learn how sound waves bounce off things, creating an echo. Viewers will even take a swim
with dolphins as they learn how theses animals use echoes to locate objects underwater! A fun,
hands-on activity uses puffed rice kernels to demonstrate how sound waves can vibrate the things
around them. This program is based on the concepts outlined in the National Science Education
Standards for Physical Science: Properties of Objects & Materials, Position & Motion of
Objects and Light, Heat, Electricity & Magnetism. (Close-Captioned)

All about the Moon (Space Science for Children)
Number: VC39 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
It's the largest object in the night sky, and it looks different every night--it's the Moon? All
About the Moon gives children a close-up look a the Moon while answering key questions,
including: Why does the Moon appear different every night? What does the Moon look like up
close? What is it like to walk on the Moon? Could we live on the Moon someday? A fun,
hands-on activity will teach kids about the different phases of the Moon, and they will learn why
there are so many craters on the Moon, but not on Earth. (Close-Captioned) (0106)

All about Waves (Physical Science for Children)
Number: VC1631 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
Students know about all sorts of waves—a wave goodbye, an ocean wave, even waves in their
hair! This video introduces students to the world of waves they may not be familiar with.
Sound, light, heat and electricity are all forms of energy that travel in waves. Discover the two
ways in which waves move, and learn about the characteristics of waves: wavelength, amplitude
and frequency. Real-life examples and clearly illustrated graphics will help young students
understand basic concepts. A fun, hands-on activity shows students how they can use a spring
toy to make waves that move up and down or back and forth. This program is based on the
concepts outlined in the National Science Education Standards for Physical Science: Properties
of Objects & Materials, Position & Motion of Objects and Light, Heat, Electricity & Magnetism.
(Close-Captioned)

All about Wind and Clouds (Weather for Children)
Number: VC1613 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
Cool breezes or might gusts, soft and fluffy, or dark and foreboding… Wind and clouds are
aspects of nature that fascinate us and can help meteorologists predict upcoming weather
patterns. This video takes young students on a lively exploration of these everyday weather
forms, where they’ll learn more about the various types of clouds and how the wind affects them.
A visit with Dr. Jon Nese, chief meteorologist at The Franklin Institute Science Museum
demonstrates how wind speed is measured with an anemometer, while a fun hands-on
demonstration shows students how they can build their own weather vane to monitor wind
patterns in their area. (Close-Captioned)

America in Space: The 1st 25 Years
Number: VC1015 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 50 min.
Watch the launch of our first satellite, the first Gemini space walks, man's first steps on the
moon, the dune-buggy-like lunar rover, a Martian sunset, the amazing moons of Jupiter, the
complex rings of Saturn and the first seven missions of space shuttles Columbia and Challenger.

American Bald Eagle
Number: VC722 Grade Level: J/H Length: 16 min.
This video shows: selection of a nesting site, care of the eaglet, dangers the eaglet encounters,
feeding habits, banding of eaglets, other birds which share their territory, need for protection.

America's Highways
Number: VC1383 Grade Level: J/H Length: 50 min.
When a headlight manufacturer and a motorcar mogal joined forces to build America's first
highway in 1912, their goal was simple: to promote the use of private automobiles. For a fast-
growing, far-flung, car-crazy nation, that simple rock highway was the beginning of a revolution
and the country would never be the same. This video uses rare photographs, films and computer
re-creations to tell the whole story of American's 42,000-mile-long Interstate Highway System.
From the days of paving rocks to modern day "Bott's Dots," experts explain the ideas and
innovations that have gone into America's roads. Former officials recall the strange origins of
Eisenhower's "national defense highways" system, which was completed in 1984. Historians
explore how this sprawling, $125 billion lifeline has transformed America.

Amphibian
Number: VC984 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 35 min.
Why did people believe that salamanders were born in fire? How far can a frog leap? Imagine
leading a double life, on the land and in the water. Leap into the fascinating world of frogs,
toads, and salamanders, and get a close-up look at the amazing variety of colors, shapes, and
sizes in the amphibian family.

Animals at Home in the Desert: Living Desert Series
Number: VC262 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 23 min.
Show students the ways in which desert animals have adapted to the environment. Video
includes excellent footage on the peccary, roadrunner, tarantula, tortoise, and the chuckwalla.

Animals With Backbones
Number: VC263 Grade Level: I/J Length: 13 min.
Warm-blooded and cold blooded vertebrates are classified into five groups. Distinguishing
characteristics of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals are explicated, including
reproduction, respiration, and other specialized body functions which help them adapt to a
specific temperature and environment.

Animals Without Backbones
Number: VC264 Grade Level: I/J Length: 13 min.
As you survey numerous underwater creatures, the narrator in introduces the animals'
characteristic body structures and habitats. Inviting details of jellyfish, sea anemone, starfish,
squid, octopus, and various insects reveal the diversity of invertebrates.

Antarctic Wildlife Adventure
Number: VC1159 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 60 min.
Set sail with a family of real-life explorers for the most remote and starkly beautiful continent on
Earth--Antarctica. Aboard the 50-foot schooner Damien II, a husband-wife naturalist team and
their three sons will guide you on the voyage of a lifetime. Rocky coasts, azure blue seas, and
magnificent towering icebergs set the backdrop for a wide variety of wildlife as you navigate
south through the islands of the pristine Antarctic peninsula. From the deck of the small craft
you will see humpback whales perform a graceful underwater ballet. And while on shore you
will mingle with three species of penguins as well as marvel at young elephant seals at play.

Ants (Bug City Series)
Number: VC1632 Grade Level: 1-6 Length: 23 min.
There are at least ten thousand species of ants, all with different lifestyles, social behavior and
appearances. In this program, Dr. Art demonstrates how to make a formicarium—an artificial
ant nest that allows students to observe how ants live, work and behave daily. (Close-Captioned)
Apples
Number: VC1062 Grade Level: K-J Length: 30 min.
Come on an exploration of our favorite fruit, the apple! Visit an apple orchard over the seasons
from winter pruning to fall harvesting. Hear the story of important apple pioneers, Johnny
Appleseed and John McIntosh. Look at apple cells through an electron microscope. Share in the
Halloween excitement of apply bobbing and candied apple making.

Aquatic Insects (Bug City Series)
Number: VC1633 Grade Level: 1-6 Length: 23 min.
Dragonflies and damselflies, water-striders and backswimmers—these are just a few of the
amazing aquatic insects presented in this program that shows how thousands of species of insects
have adapted for life in the world of water. Dr. art provides tips on collecting and keeping
aquatic insects and then demonstrates how to make an aqua-scope through which students can
observe these fascinating water-dwellers. (Close-Captioned)

Arctic and Antarctic
Number: VC1127 Grade Level: I/J Length: 35 min.
This video explores the life and legends of these harshly beautiful polar kingdoms. Journey to
the ends of the earth where climate presents its greatest challenges to survival, and meet the
remarkable animals that choose to live out in the cold.

Atmosphere, Climate, & the Weather
Number: VC21 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 48 min.
This video explores the "ocean of air" which envelopes our planet and makes life possible. This
series introduces the basics of atmospheric sciences and meteorology, and begins by defining the
contents, characteristics, structure and movement of the air. It details the processes of the water
cycle, explaining the clouds and their various types, humidity and its effects, and the various
forms of precipitation. It also defines and elucidates the causes and effects of air masses and
weather fronts. The methods meteorologists use to predict the weather are examined as are the
basic mechanics of weather maps and radar.

Atom: A Closer Look, The
Number: VC268 Grade Level: J/H Length: 30 min.
In this well-balanced presentation, students learn that the atom is inherently neither good nor evil
and that it is our decision how it will be used in the future.

Australia’s Plants: Surviving Down Under
Number: VC1041 Grade Level: K-6 Length: 15 min.
Australia’s animals and plants have adapted to survive in their harsh environment. Some plants
are specifically built to release pollen when a bee or nectar-feeding bird approaches. Because the
land is so hot and dry, plants and animals have also developed unique ways of protecting
themselves from the heat and drought. Foresters can use some of these adaptations to help
reforest barren areas.

Autumn Comes to the Forest
Number: VC1225 Grade Level: P/I Length: 11 min.
Leaves on trees turn from green to vivid shades of rust and gold until they finally fall to the
forest floor. Nuts, fruits and seeds also drop from the trees to be gathered up by the squirrels and
other animals who will save them for their meals. Many birds are preparing for their winter
migration and many mammals are finding burrows in which to reside during the winter months.

Away We Go: All About Transportation
Number: VC564 Grade Level: P/I Length: 22 min.
This video program builds on the fascination with transportation to help children understand why
it is important to their lives and how modern forms of transportation came about. The video
covers all the major modes of transportation: over land, water, and in air and space. It describes
the important functions of transportation in terms of trade, communications, recreation, travel,
and exploration.

Baby Animals Just Want to Have Fun
Number: VC1114 Grade Level: P Length: 30 min.
A child's favorite baby animals are featured in this collection of five fun-filled adventure tales
that combine live photography with enchanting stories and songs. Join Raindance the pony, Peter
puppy, Hortence Fuzzwuffle rabbit and friends for mischief and animal fun that children 2-8 will
watch.

Baby Animals on the Farm
Number: VC1694 Grade Level: P                        Length: 30 min.
This video features an up-close look at the world of farm animals.

Baby Farm Animals and Friends
Number: VC1674 Grade Level: P                        Length: 30 min.
Join Teddy and his pal, Bunny, in their fun-filled day of adventure as they discover the world of
Baby Farm Animals. You’ll meet Brownie the calf, Katie the kitten, Thimble the bunny, Arnold
the piglet, Lightning the colt and so many more. See them in their natural beauty as they run and
play in a wondrous farm setting.

Backyard Alternative Energy
Number: VC269 Grade Level: J/H Length: 25 min.
The producer and his two teenage children travel from city to village to farm to seek out ways
that Americans are developing alternate energy sources. They explore power - solar, wind, water,
pedal, methane, geothermal, steam, compost, and horse power. They learn that there are tradeoffs
with each form of energy.

Backyard Bugs
Number VC20 Grade Level: P Length 15 min.
Journey into your own backyard and look at the multitude of tiny creatures living there. Find a
variety of bugs under rocks, in the grass, and on leaves. (1205)

Basics of Geography
Number: VC701 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 15 min. each tape
The purposes of this Unit of Study are (1) to provide students with methods to locate on maps or
globe's, (2) to portray the effects of water and climate on landforms and people, and (3) to show
how organizing by regions helps one understand similarities and differences among places and
people. Thus, the goal of this series is to give students a basic understanding of geography itself.

Bees (Bug City Series)
Number: VC1634 Grade Level: 1-6 Length: 23 min.
From the queen bee to the worker bee, this program shows exactly why bees are so busy—and
why we should appreciate them. As they gather food, bees pollinate plants and allow them to
grow for another season. Some types of bees create extraordinary nests of honeycomb in which
they lay eggs and store honey. A riveting display by Dr. Norman Gary shows bees in their egg,
larval and pupal stages—and even shows a newborn hatching! Later, Dr. Art Evans explains
how to make a bee’s next with plastic straws. (Close-Captioned)

Beetle, Dolphins & Whales, The Ant
Number: VC1116 Grade Level: P/I Length: 33 min.
The Beetle: Be amazed as a brand new adult beetle breaks out of its hard shell. their strong jaws
enable them to burrow into trees and gather their food. Watch these armored insects as they
battle it out!
Dolphins & Whales: Explore the world of dolphins and whales. Dolphins are playful, intelligent
mammals that travel in pods and nurse their young. Their relatives, the whale, vary from the
gentle white beluga, to the carnivorous killer whale.
The Ant: Observe a working ant colony, as it depends on the strong jaws and saw-like teeth of
its worker ants to gather food and build under ground tunnels. Learn all about this very
cooperative clan.

Beetles (Bug City Series)
Number: VC1635 Grade Level: 1-6 Length: 23 min.
There are over 350,000 types of beetles identified by scientists. Revered by the ancient
Egyptians as well as other cultures, beetles have a unique role on the planet as the recycling
agents for decaying matter. In this program, Dr. Art demonstrates how to make a beetle habitat
by setting up a colony of meal worms (the larval form of darling beetles), allowing students to
observe the complete metamorphosis of these insects. (Close-Captioned)

Belts and Gears (Based on the Book by David Macaulay, The Way Things Work)
Number: VC83 (DVD) Grade Level: 3-6 Length: 13 min.
Inhabitants of Mammoth Island are getting ready for their annual fair and are determined to
make this year's event better than ever. Olive, a young Islander, enlists the help of a visiting
inventor to design exciting new rides and together they decide that using belts and gears will help
make the fair a success. While belts and gears don't increase the amount of force applied, they
can transfer the force to change direction or speed. This results in some terrific new rides! cc

Beyond the Bars: Zoos and Zoo Animals
Number: VC553 & VC1242 Grade Level: P/I Length: 15 min.
This video takes its young viewers to the Philadelphia Zoo - the oldest zoo in America, and also
one of the largest. Apart from the sheer variety of its inhabitants - more than 1600 animals in all -
the Philadelphia Zoo is notable for its continuing efforts to recreate the natural habitats of the
animals it displays.

Beyond the Stars: A Space Story
Number: VC277 Grade Level: P/I Length: 12 min.
A small boy, Sam looks out of his bedroom window at the stars and asks, "Do people live on
them?" To answer his question, this film takes viewers on a journey into space, through our solar
system and beyond.

Big Green Caterpillar
Number: VC72 Grade Level: P Length: 10 min.
The purpose of the film is to depict the development of a caterpillar. To define the relationship
between different forms of life. To illustrate some physical characteristics that make adaptation
to an environment possible.

Biggest Bears!
Number: VC1676 Grade Level: P                         Length: 22 min.
Through beautiful animal photography, original music and song, and through a fun-filled
educational story narrated by a five-year-old Alaskan boy, we discover the mighty Alaska grizzly
and take a really great romp through some of the wildest places in The Last Frontier. Visit giant
Alaska grizzlies and their friends including: eagles, dall sheep, caribou, fox, black bear, sea
otter.

Biological Sciences: Cell Biology
Number: VC97 Grade Level: J/H Length: 16 min.
With amazing tools that allow them to peer deep into cells, cell biologists are beginning to
understand the structure, functioning and history of these highly organized, complex chemical
factories that are the building blocks of life. Some of the answers, hints and speculations that
have arisen from biological investigations are presented in this dazzling voyage into the
microscopic world of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, of chloroplasts and mitochondria and
ATP.

Biology of Plants Series: How Plants Get Food
Number: VC769 Grade Level: P Length: 17 min.
Children investigate the ways that plants get water and other nutrients from the soil and air, and
use those nutrients to make food.

Biology of Plants Series: How Plants Grow
Number: VC768 Grade Level: P Length: 17 min.
Children discover the plants are living, and that all living organisms have common
characteristics. The children investigate how seeds germinate and what they need to germinate.
The program introduces the idea that plants have a "life cycle" in which seeds germinate, plants
grow, develop, produce new seeds, and die.

Biology of Plants Series: How Plants Live in Different Places
Number: VC772 Grade Level: P Length: 17 min.
The program contrasts two extremes. the desert habitat, where water is very scarce, and the
tropical rain forest, where water is plentiful, to show that plants have different adaptations to
help them survive in different areas.

Biology of Plants Series: How Seeds Get Here...and There
Number: VC771 Grade Level: P Length: 16 min.
The children in the video study seeds and seed dispersal, and discover there is a great deal of
difference in seed structure. as part of their investigation the children experiment with wind-
blown seeds, measuring how far different seeds will blow based upon their shape and size.

Biology of Plants Series: Plants and Life on Earth
Number: VC773 Grade Level: P Length: 15 min.
The last program in the series synthesizes ideas from the earlier programs. In many ways, it pulls
together a lot of ideas about plants and their role in the ecosystem, and presents these ideas in a
single format.

Biology of Plants Series: What is Pollination?
Number: VC770 Grade Level: P Length: 16 min.
This program demonstrates the basic structure and function of flowers, and introduces children to
the ways that flowers are pollinated. The program shows important interactions between plants
and animals.

Biology of Water
Number: VC702 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 20 min. each tape
Water: A miraculous Substance:
This program offers a look at the relationship between the molecular structure of water and some
of its unique physical properties. The role of water in the creation of an internal, cellular
environment is described. Water's role as an external medium for aquatic organisms is also
presented.
The Ocean Realm:
This program examines the cycle of food production and consumption in the ocean and various
categories of food producers and consumers are examined. As a result or viewing this program it
will be possible to appreciate the intricate relationships which exist within a typical ecosystem.
The River of Life:
This program looks at how fresh water is created from salt water during the hydrologic cycle.
then an imaginary stream is followed from high in the mountains back to the sea and the effects
of various pollutants are examined.
Mud and Salt:
This program examines the unique world created in estuaries where fresh and salt water are
mixed together. the tides are explained and the biological techniques for survival in an ever
changing environment are presented.

Bird
Number: VC985 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 35 min.
How does a bird fly? What does it really mean to "eat like a bird"? Soar through the sky and
around the world in this exciting journey from the bird's distant dinosaur past to its present
astonishing variety. Look close-up at the staggering range of sizes, shapes, and habitats of these
feathered creatures, and experience the miracle of flight.

Birds
Number: VC1261 Grade Level: P Length: 10 min.
Birds are shown nesting, caring for their young, flying and moving on the ground. Their feathers
and other physical characteristics are examined in fascinating detail. Music, diagrams, and vivid
animal photography help children learn and remember. Words are superimposed to reinforce the
primary reading curriculum.

Birds of Prey, Alphabet Zoop #7
Number: VC142 Grade Level: P/I Length: 14 min.
The Washington Park Zoo presents a collection of entertaining and educational programs about
wild animals.

Bluebirds...Bring Them Back
Number: VC534 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 20 min.
The Eastern Bluebird, the Mountain Bluebird, and the Western Bluebird needs everyone's help to
survive. These beautiful birds will steal your heart as you watch them struggle against many odds
to find nesting places to raise their young.

Bones and Movement: Your Active Body Series
Number: VC282 Grade Level: I Length: 10 min.
Human bones are very much like the bones of other vertebrates. They allow you to stand upright
and to perform a wide range of movements. Live action, animation, and x-rays illustrate how
bones are held together by ligaments, how different kinds of joints function, and how bones are
cushioned from shock. The process of the body's healing of a broken bone and the positive effect
of gravity on bone strength are also demonstrated.

Born of Fire
Number: VC241 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 60 min.
National Geographic cameras travel to Iceland, Africa, Japan, California, and Greece to record
how the huge plates of the earth's crust crash together, pull apart, and override each other causing
ground-shattering earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

Brooklyn Bridge
Number: VC1384 Grade Level: J/H Length: 50 min.
No one had ever used steel for construction. No one had ever used cables of metal. No one had
ever build a suspension bridge so long. Until one man dared to try. In 19th-century New York,
where buildings were no more than five stories tall and transportation meant horse and buggy,
engineer John Roebling's soaring and majestic Brooklyn Bridge was nothing short of a
technological miracle. This video presents the complete story of the "eighth wonder of the
world," from the sinking of its immense foundations in the turbulent East River to the gala
centennial celebration. Experts explore Roebling's battles against the elements, corrupt
politicians, and scientists who claim the massive bridge would collapse in the first strong wind.
Moving firsthand accounts tell of the many trials and disasters that plagued Roebling's
masterpiece and ultimately cost him his life.

Buffalo Still Roam
Number: VC126 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 20 min.
For millions of years the buffalo roamed much of North America, surviving harsh environments
and providing life sustenance for the plains Indians. After near extinction, the buffalo do still
roam on limited ranges in several States and Canadian Provinces.

Butterflies and Moths (Bug City Series)
Number: VC1636 Grade Level: 1-6 Length: 23 min.
Butterflies and moths are beautiful and delicate, yet some, like monarch butterflies, are strong
enough to fly hundreds of miles in their yearly migration. This program explores interesting
facts about both types of insects, explains their amazing metamorphosis and shows how to tell
them apart. In the studio, Dr. Art and Christina examine monarch caterpillars and build a
caterpillar habitat in order to watch them transform into butterflies. (Close-Captioned)

Butterfly
Number: VC729 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 8 min.
Viewers will: generalize about butterflies through exposure to the life cycle of a specific
butterfly - the monarch; understand the successive stages of metamorphosis; learn about the
navigational ability and endurance of the monarch butterfly.

California Condor
Number: VC227 Grade Level: J/H Length: 60 min.
When this Audubon special program was filmed, there were only six California condors living in
the wild - now there are none. In captivity, however, over twenty survive. Audubon finds this
magnificent creature in its natural habitat - flying high over the Santa Ynez Mts. of southern
California.

Can’t Drown This Town
Number: VC1660 Grade Level: 4-9               Length: 30 min.
The summer of 1993 brought disaster to areas of the Midwest. Floods destroyed homes and
property in a dramatic show of the Mississippi River’s catastrophic potential. Ste. Genevieve has
long struggled to contain the river’s rising waters during flood season, and the problems faced in
Ste. Genevieve illustrate the larger problem of river management. Examine the disastrous
impact of the 1993 flood in Ste. Genevieve, an astonishing illustration of the Mississippi River’s
great untamed power. (Closed Captioned)

Carbon Cycle
Number: VC906 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 12 min.
Program objectives: describe the role of carbon atoms in living organisms; trace the flow of
carbon atoms from organisms into the atmosphere and back into organisms; define producers;
describe the process of photosynthesis and its role in the carbon cycle; define consumers;
describe the role of consumers in the carbon cycle; define decomposers; describe the role of
decomposers in the carbon cycle; name the fossil fuels and indicate their part in the carbon cycle.
Cartography & Fashion
Number: VC815 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. each part
Cartography:
Students learn the major math applications cartographers use, such as scale, ratios, points, and
coordinates, and computer applications in cartography.
Fashion:
Take your class on a tour of the fashion industry - from designers' drafting tables, to
manufacturing, buying and merchandising - to demonstrate how math is used.

Case of the Mysterious Neighbor: Environment Video Series
Number: VC839 Grade Level: P Length: 20 min.
The objectives of the program are: introduce the water cycle; describe how little of the Earth's
water is available for use by humans; introduce what water pollution is and some types of water
pollution; provide reasons why we should conserve water; describe how much water humans use
for various activities; list ways to conserve water.

Cat
Number: VC986 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 35 min.
Can a cheetah outrun a sports car? Did cats help defeat the ancient Egyptians in battle? Follow
the fascinating and ancient journey of these mysterious and adored animals from the African
Savanna to the modern home. Investigating evolution, anatomy, habitat, behavior, and more.
Eyewitness Cat lets you discover the secret life of the cat family.

Cells: The Basic Units of Life
Number: VC1111 Grade Level: J/H Length: 23 min.
Take a journey into a very strange and mysterious world—a world that is remote from the day-
to-day experience, but upon which human life depends—the world of the cell. This live=action
video combines animation and fantastic microphotography to explore and examine the cell, from
the simplest free-living cells of unicellular bacteria and protozoa to the complex arrangement of
cells that form the tissues of multicellular plants and vertebrate animals. Study the cell from its
nucleus to its cell membrane and also discover the difference between plant and animal cells.
Also presented is a brief history relating to the discovery of the cell and origins of the “Cell
Theory.”

Changing Seasons
Number: VC1048 Grade Level: K-3 Length: 15 min.
In this program, children are shown plotting shadow lengths and angles, and investigating daily
and seasonal changes in them. A simple explanation of how the earth moves around the sun is
provided, and viewers learn that patterns in weather are related to seasonal changes.

Chemistry Matters
Number: VC296 Grade Level: I Length: 17 min.
This video presents fun experiments that can be easily duplicated in any classroom to
demonstrate the properties of mixtures and solutions, using common substances such as corn
starch, sugar cubes, gum balls, dry soup and vinegar. Students learn how to use the scientific
process of experimenting - observing, recording and drawing conclusions - and they learn safe
lab procedures. the video also relates the relevance of mixtures and solutions to real-life
problems such as oil spills.

Chick Chick Chick
Number: VC974 Grade Level: P Length: 9 min.
This is about chicks, chickens and the intense drama of an old-fashioned barnyard -- great fun.

Chimpanzees, Alphabet Zoop #3
Number: VC138 Grade Level: P/I Length: 10 min.
The Washington Park Zoo presents a collection of entertaining and educational programs about
wild animals.

Christmas Tree Story
Number: VC1590 Grade Level: P/I Length 25 min.
From seedling to recycling, Amye Walker takes the viewer on an adventurous journey to find out
"where Christmas trees come from". This award winning video touches the hearts and souls of
Christmas tree lovers the world over.

Cicadas: The 17-Year Invasion
Number: VC1042 Grade Level: K-6 Length: 15 min.
Most insects have a short life cycle. Cicadas take seventeen years to complete theirs. The eggs
are laid in small holes in tree branches. When the eggs hatch, the young nymphs fall to the
ground. They burrow underground and live by sucking sap from tree roots. Exactly seventeen
years later, they emerge and must climb a tree before they transform into adults and mate.
Viewers will learn how researches determine the number of cicada nymphs that will emerge
every seventeen years, and how their life cycle is so unique.

Circle of Water
Number: VC23 Grade Level: K-3 Length: 17 min.
Discover the processes of evaporation, condensation, and precipitation, as well as the three forms
of water--solid, liquid, and gas. Appreciate the value of water to all life on Earth, and observe
the effects of pollution. (1205)

Climate and the World We Live In
Number: VC732 Grade Level: I/J Length: 16 min.
The viewer will: define climate as recurring predictable weather patterns, understand how
latitude, altitude, landforms, winds, ocean currents, and nearness to large bodies of water
influence climate; recognize those climate regions most common to low, middle, and high
latitudes and relate them to differences in temperature, rainfall, and vegetation.

Climate and Seasons (Weather Fundamentals)
Number: VC1604 Grade Level: 4-7 Length: 23 min.
What makes on part of the world swelteringly hot and humid while another region suffers from
bone-chilling cold? It’s known as climate—weather patterns that repeat themselves year after
year. This program looks at the wised range of climates around the world and examines how
factors like the sun, wind, temperature, precipitation and position of the Earth determine the
weather fro a particular region. Meanwhile, as the Earth tilts and orbits around the sun, they
cycles of the four seasons bring all types of weather. A visit to the Florida Keys reveals how
temperature changes in the ocean water are affecting coral reefs there. In a science experiment,
students recreate convection currents in water to understand how similar currents in the
atmosphere cause wind and weather changes. (Close-Captioned)

Climate and the World We Live In
Number: VC732 Grade Level: I/J Length: 16 min.
The viewer will: define climate as recurring predictable weather patters, understand how latitude,
altitude, landforms, winds, ocean currents and nearness to large bodies of water influence
climate; recognize those climate regions most common to low, middle, and high latitudes and
relate them to differences in temperature, rainfall, and vegetation.

Climates of the United States
Number: VC733 Grade Level: I/J Length: 13 min.
This video will help students to: recognize and describe the eight major climatic regions of the
United States; identify the factors which determine climate - latitude, landforms, ocean currents,
altitude, and winds; relate the climate of a specific region to the agriculture, industry, and
population of that region; understand the ways in which climate affects the lifestyles and
activities of people in each region.

Close-Up on the Planets
Number: VC301 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 20 min.
Using recent NASA information, this enthralling video takes students on a fascinating up-to-the-
minute journey through our solar system. Computer animation and spectacular footage from
NASA space missions, including Voyager II, explain how our solar system evolved, and what a
unique place our earth has within the solar system. And students will be thrilled by a dramatic
satellite's-eye view of the earth, the moon, the sun and planets.

Clouds
Number: VC1198 Grade Level: P Length: 10 min.
This video demonstrates how clouds form and the role of air in cloud formation and movement.

Clouds (Weather Fundamentals)
Number: VC1605 Grade Level: 4-7 Length: 23 min.
Clouds reveal so much about the weather because they provide an instant visual cue about
current conditions and approaching weather systems. In this program, students will learn how
clouds form, the different types of clouds, and the important role they play in weather and the
water cycle. Doppler radar and storm footage show how meteorologists analyze the shape, size,
color and location of clouds to determine the forecast. In addition, students will see how other
meteorological events occur, including fog, mist, smog, thunder and lightning. A science
experiment shows students how to create a cloud in a jar. Then, an on-location trip by plane
explains how “cloud seeding” creates snow and rain out of thin air. (Close-Captioned)
Clouds and What They Mean
Number: VC22 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 14 min.
This video introduces the basics of amateur weather forecasting for students.

Comets, Meteors and Asteroids: Space Science Series
Number: VC302 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 12 min.
This program introduces the minor members of the solar system born of some great swirling
nebula of gas and dust that gave birth to the sun and planets. The course of Halley's Comet is
charted through telescopic photographs and space probes from its visit early this century to its
most recent passage. This program also shares the wealth of information from an Antarctic
expedition in which ancient meteorites preserved by polar cold were discovered.

Comets: Time Capsules of the Solar System
Number: VC303 Grade Level: I/J Length: 12 min.
How did our solar system form? And why do scientists now regard comets as a potential source
of information about its birth? This fascinating video combines beautiful animation sequences
with live-action and documentary photography for a dramatic exploration of the role comets play
in contemporary scientific research.

Concepts In Nature Series: Adapting to Changes in Nature
Number: VC1037 Grade Level: P/I Length: 14 min.
The world of nature is always changing. This program explains how animals cope with both the
routine and unpredictable changes that nature brings, from the changing seasons, to changes in
climate, to destruction of habitats. Fascinating footage of deer, a great horned owl, rabbits and
bears helps viewers understand why some animals seem to adapt to change better than others.
Finally, the role that humans play in creating change is questioned and analyzed from different
points of view.

Concepts In Nature Series: Animal Predators and the Balance of Nature
Number: VC1038 Grade Level: P/I Length: 14 min.
Predators come in all shapes and sizes. This program uses incredible wildlife photography to
show various types of predators that exist, and explains the complex relationship between
predator, prey and nature. Students learn the difference between omnivores, carnivores, and
herbivores, and examples of each are shown, Factors that help maintain nature's balance,
including disease and competition, are covered as well, helping the students to understand
exactly how bears, lions, frogs, insects, sparrows, even people, play a role in maintaining nature's
delicate balance.

Concepts In Nature Series: Instincts in Animals
Number: VC1039 Grade Level: P/I Length: 14 min.
How does a spider know how to spin a web? How does a bird know how to fly? This program
provides an easy-to-understand explanation of what instincts are, and describes how instincts
direct animals through their lives. Beautiful footage of mourning doves, hares, ground squirrels,
deer, foxes and bears helps demonstrate the instincts these animals have, and the difference
between instincts and learned behavior. Students learn that from migration to hunting for food,
instincts help animals survive.
Concepts In Nature Series: Why Do Animals Look the Way They Do?
Number: VC1040 Grade Level: P/I Length: 14 min.
The animal world is full of strange but wonderful creatures, each one unique in its own way.
Students are given a closer look at such animals as elephants, humming birds, barn owls,
porcupines and walking sticks through close-up footage, and learn that even the most unusual
creature has a purpose to its design. Whether adapting to the environment, taking advantage of a
resource, or avoiding competition, this program clearly explains the reasons that animals look the
way they do-to help them survive.

Conservation of Mass
Number: VC1228 Grade Level: J/H Length: 12 min.
The conservation of mass law states that mass is not created or destroyed in chemical reactions.
The classical experimental findings by Antoine Lavoisier are presented in support of the Law of
Conservation of Matter. Fermentation is introduced as the example chemical reaction in this
regard. Further experiments demonstrating oxidation are performed in support of the
conservation of matter. As part of the theory of relativity the equation E = mc2 is introduced.
The inter-conversion of mass and energy is discussed in relation to nuclear reactions and their
enormous energy potentials.

Continents Adrift
Number: VC267 Grade Level: J/H Length: 16 min.
Examine the recent discovery of the relationship between plate tectonics, continental drift, and
the volcanic and earthquake activities which jar the world.

Cows!
Number: VC975 Grade Level: P Length: 9 min.
This video shows beauty-filled exploration of cows: the texture of noses, the shapes of bodies,
grinding of jaws, swishing of tails.

Creatures of the Sea
Number: VC1167 Grade Level: I Length: 30 min.
This video contains outstanding nature footage covering all areas of the natural world. It shows
the relationships of animals in the wild to each other and to their environment.

Crickets, Grasshoppers and Friends (Bug City Series)
Number: VC1637 Grade Level: 1-6 Length: 23 min.
This program reveals the incredible jumping, chirping and camouflaging skills of crickets,
grasshoppers and katydids, as well as other related insects like the praying mantis and the
walking stick. Dr. Art shows students how to make a cricket habitat and provides instruction on
where to find crickets, what to feed them and what to expect from a pet cricket. (Close-
Captioned)

Dangers Edge
Number: VC786 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 28 min.
This is a weather documentary with some hopeful news for a change!
Diffusion and Phase Changes of Matter
Number: VC1229 Grade Level: J/H Length: 14 min.
With the help of the particle model and laboratory experiments, the program looks at two factors
that affect the rate of diffusion—heat and the distance between molecules. Time-lapse
photography documents phase changes in various substances, showing bromine as it undergoes
each phase change: melting, vaporization, solidification, sublimation, and resublimation.

Dinosaur
Number: VC988 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 35 min.
How do paleontologists discover a new dinosaur about every seven weeks? Why did the dinosaur
disappear? Become a paleontologist and piece together the facts behind these real-life monsters.
Experience the process of discovery from start to finish, the excitement of digging,
reconstruction, and the realization of what dinosaurs might actually have looked like.

Dinosaurs
Number: VC545 Grade Level: P/I Length: 15 min.
A group of children are on a field trip to the Tyrrell Museum of Paleontology, in Drumheller,
Alberta. They see skeletons of Stegosaurus, Triceratops, and Tyrannosaurus Rex. They meet a
paleontologist who introduces them to some of the fossils in the museum: where they are found,
how they are found, how they are removed from the rock, how they are reconstructed and some
interesting facts about a few dinosaurs.

Dinosaurs! A Fun-Filled Trip Back in Time!
Number: VC682 Grade Level: P/I Length: 30 min.
This video is broken down into 5 parts: Albertosaurus Hunt, Tour of Museum Skeletons,
Discussion with Paleontologists, Visit to Paleonconservatory, and "Dinosaur Bone Song".

Dinosaurs and Other Prehistoric Animals
Number: VC1260 Grade Level: P,I Length: 32 min.
Journey back to the Mesozoic Era in this program that presents the different kinds of dinosaurs,
emphasizing the various groups and sub-groups, variations in feeding habits and size, and the
period in which each animal lived. Some of the contemporary disputes surrounding the exact
classification of dinosaurs and reasons for their disappearance are also explored.

Discovering Simple Machines
Number: VC703 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 7-10 min. each tape
Work and Energy
Students see and learn that work to a scientist is very different from work as we might think of it.
to a scientist work is accomplished when an object with resistance is moved a distance. so to a
scientist reading an assignment in a textbook represents no work. Potential and kinetic energy are
discussed as well as forces, such as friction, that slow objects down.
Lever, Wheel and Axle, Pulley
Students will see and learn how these three simple machines in the same video lesson so they can
see how the machines are related. the principles behind each of these simple machines are
illustrated and demonstrated with common situations and tools
Incline Plane, Wedge, Screw
Students will see and learn how these three simple machines are closely related. Common
everyday situations are used to illustrate and demonstrate the wide-spread use of these simple
machines.
Compound Machines
This video shows how the six simple machines can be found in use in very complicated
machines. The six simple machines are the basis for all other machines. Many examples of
compound machines, machines that use two or more of the six simple machines, are presented
and analyzed.

Dog
Number: VC987 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 35 min.
Which canine ancestors helped found a great city? Which sense dominates a dog's life? Track the
transformation of these wild pack animals into today's popular and loyal pets. Discover the wolf
connections that give dogs their hunting, courting, mating, and social traits, and find out what a
dog's life is really all about.

Dogs
Number: VC978 Grade Level: P Length: 15 min.
The essence of dogness is illustrated by the rhythms and sounds, the ways of relating and
communicating that are special to dogs. This is a sensitive visual and auditory experience.

Domed Stadiums
Number: VC1385 Grade Level: J/H Length: 50 min.
The dome was the first form of shelter built by primitive man. Now it has reemerged in one of
the most advanced engineering constructs ever conceived: The domed sports stadium. Huston's
groundbreaking Astrodome was the "eighth wonder of the world." its problems rivaled its
massive size. While New Orleans' Superdome and Seattle's Kingdome were improvements, one
key problem remained: fans enjoyed watching the games outdoors. With ingenuity and
technology, engineers attempted to create the best of both worlds with the Toronto Skydome.
More than just a stadium, the Skydome incorporates a hotel and other features into a state-of-the-
art entertainment complex, highlighted by its astonishing pushbutton retractable roof. Here is the
fascinating history of these stupendous structures, of the ingenuity and hardships behind their
creation, and the awe they inspire.

Down in the Deeps: Sea World, San Diego
Number: VC1489 Grade Level: I Length: 28 min.
Children go on exciting, fun-filled real life Field Trip invites school aged children to go on a
special guided tour "up close and personal." It encourages independent exploration with
suggested reading and resources of further information.

Down on the Forest Floor
Number: VC549 Grade Level: P/I Length: 10 min.
How does the forest floor get a new carpet every year? Why do spring wild flowers come up so
early, and disappear so quickly? How do different plants and animals survive the changing
seasons? The answers to these and other fascinating questions are discovered by our group of
eight-year olds as they explore the forest floor.
Dying and Decay
Number: VC1049 Grade Level: K-3 Length: 15 min.
In this video, children visit the park to investigate the process of decay over a short time span.
They also engage in simple experiments to find out which objects will decompose naturally and
which will not. Many waste products are shown being recycles effectively.

Earth
Number: VC1197 Grade Level: P Length: 10 min.
This video provides basic facts about our planet including gravity, oceans, mountains and our
atmosphere.

Earth, The
Number: VC24 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 64 min.
Outlining the structure and composition of our planet, this series covers rocks and minerals,
geologic processes and the Geologic Time Scale. It presents the theory of plate tectonics and
introduces such fundamental background concepts as uplifting, folding, faulting and volcanism.

The Earth's Atmosphere
Number: VC361 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 13 min.
We live on a remarkable planet, a world of living things, each linked in some way with earth's
protective shell of gasses. A journey upward through the atmosphere with a mountain climber,
research balloon, passenger jet and space shuttle reveals our atmosphere's layered structure
produced by gravity and interactions with radiation from the sun. We see how our atmosphere's
variations make possible life at its base and meteors and auroras in its upper-most levels at the
edge of space.

Earth’s Natural Resources: Energy Resources and Future Resources
Number: VC1280 Grade Level: I Length: 13 min. each
This program has 2 video tapes:
Energy Resources begins with examples of the many ways we use energy in today’s society and
raises the question of whether our energy resources will always be there when we need them.
Future Resources focuses on the alternative energy resources of solar energy, hydroelectric
energy, wind energy, and geothermal energy.

Earthquake
Number: VC1186 Grade Level: J/H Length: 60 min.
NOVA examines what we know, and what we don’t know, about earthquakes. For millennia,
humans tried to fathom the periodic shifting and shaking of solid ground. The theory of plate
tectonics, depicting the earth as made up of overlapping, continent-sized segments was the first
to adequately explain the phenomenon. A U.S. Navy communications experiment showed that
the 1989 Bay Area Quake was preceded by a burst of low frequency radio waves. Alan Lindh
and his colleagues at the U.S. Geological Survey have set up one of the largest earthquake
experiments in the world on a section of the San Andreas Fault. With their data turn up a magic
key to prediction?
Earthquake: A Natural Disaster
Number: VC812 Grade Level: I/J Length: 50 min.
This is an interactive video where the students in the video take a tour of the U.S. Geological
Survey lab where scientist monitor the earth's movement. During the tour the students can ask
questions and get answers.

Earthquakes
Number: VC318 Grade Level: I/J Length: 15 min.
Scientists estimate that the earth produces an earthquake every 32 seconds. Using documentary
footage in conjunction with an actual classroom earthquake drill, this new film reassures children
that while we can't prevent earthquakes there are many safety measures we can follow to prepare
for them. Three-dimensional computer animation illustrates such geological terms as sea-floor
spreading, subduction and collision, and shows how the natural movement of the earth's plates
can cause earthquakes and volcanoes, can build mountains or cause ocean trenches. This video
also explains the theory of continental drift beginning with the hypothetical landmass, Pangaea,
225 million years ago.

Earth's Natural Resources
Number: VC1279 Grade Level: I Length: 15 min.
Air, Water, and Soil Resources
This video takes an in-depth look at why air, water, and soil are such vital resources and why we
should not take them for granted. The concept of renewable and non renewable resources is
introduced. The program discusses the gasses that make up air and explains the oxygen/carbon
dioxide cycle between people and plants. The water cycle and the process of erosion and soil
formation are also explained. The program goes on to discuss how the growth of human
population and the misuse of technology have contributed to air, water, and soil pollution. some
solutions to these problems, such as conservation, recycling, and sanitary landfills, are cited. The
program ends with a discussion of acid rain, ozone depletion, and the green house effect.
However, it stresses the importance of government, industry, and private citizens working
together to find solutions to these global environmental problems.
Wildlife Resources
This video opens by showing examples of wildlife of endangered species, as well as the more
commonplace plants and animals, in order to make the point that they are all valuable natural
resources. Although wildlife resources are important for many reasons, perhaps, the most
important one is the interdependence of every plant and animal and the role it plays in helping to
maintain the balanced living systems of the earth. The program goes on to define the terms
ecosystem, habitat, and niche. The concept of producers and consumers is discussed, and
examples of a food chain and food web are illustrated. The program describes some of the
reasons wildlife becomes extinct or endangered, and what implications this has for the
ecosystem. Conservation, environmental laws, wilderness areas, refuges, and parks are shown as
examples of ways to protect our wildlife resources.

Eclipse of the Century
Number: VC638 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 60 min.
In Hawaii on July 11, 1991, astronomers and scientists discovered a remarkable opportunity to
examine a total eclipse of the sun. Sun, moon and earth would perfectly align, achieving
“totality” directly above technologically advanced observatories perched atop Mauna Kea, a
dormant volcano. For the first time, giant telescopes could see behind the sizzle of the sun and
begin to understand our closest star. But the project was not as simple as it seemed. In the days
preceding “the eclipse of the century,” astronomers faced equipment breakdowns, incompatible
telescopes, threatening weather and a celestial spectacle that would wait for no one.

Eclipses of the Sun and Moon
Number: VC712 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 10 min.
This video explains how shadows cast in space by the earth and moon cause eclipses. It
differentiates between solar and lunar eclipses. It also explains how the orbital planes of the earth
and the moon affect the frequency of eclipse.

Ecology For Beginners: Plants and Animals Depend on Each Other
Number: VC1222 Grade Level: P Length: 12 min.
All animals depend on plants for food. Some eat plants: a sloth eats leaves, a mouse chews seeds
and a moth drinks juice from fruit. Others, like cheetahs, lizards and snakes, eat animals that eat
plants. In addition to food, animals depend on plants for oxygen. Plants put vital oxygen into the
air when they make their own food, while using the carbon dioxide that animals, in turn, breathe
out.
Plants also depend on animals, and on other plants. Millipedes and earthworms help plants by
digesting dead materials and adding the residue to the soil. Some plants help other plants by
providing support that lets them grow up to light. A few plants depend directly on animals for
food, by trapping and killing them.
Plants and animals also depend on each other to help them reproduce. A hummingbird flits from
flower to flower, carrying pollen. Monkeys and woodpeckers carry seeds to places where they
can grow. Weaver birds and armadillos collect grass to line their nests.

El Nino
Number: VC1677 Grade Level: I/J/H                  Length: 50 min.
Mike Wallace explores the history and mysteries and breakthroughs within the scientific world—
in this case El Nino.

Electricity and Electrical Safety
Number: VC1121 Grade Level: All Length: 30 min.
This volume answers questions such as: What is Electricity? How is Electricity made? Why
does a light go off when you turn the switch? What are A.C. and D.C.? What is Static
Electricity? What is a Volt? How can Electricity be sued safely? What is Lightning?…Is it
Electricity? What are some safety measures one can take inside the home?

Electron Arrangement in Atoms
Number: VC569 Grade Level: H Length: 30 min.
For chemists, predictive and intuitive skills with real chemicals and materials relies on an
understanding of electrons in atoms and molecules learned from experiments. This video
describes three experiments that can be done in a student laboratory and some Quantum Theory
for chemistry students.
Elephant
Number: VC989 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 35 min.
How do we know elephants have long memories? How does an elephant pick up a peanut? Trace
the impressive history of the greatest mammal to walk the Earth. Through war, pageantry,
agriculture, and exploration, the elephant has developed a unique relationship with humankind
and become one of the most cherished, yet endangered, animals in the world.

Elephant, Alphabet Zoop #5
Number: VC140 Grade Level: P/I Length: 13 min.
The Washington Park Zoo presents a collection of entertaining and educational programs about
wild animals.

Enemy Wind, The
Number: VC787 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 26 min.
A documentary videotape production from The Weather Channel, addresses a subject of major
public interest - tornadoes: why they happen, their predictability, and how to survive them.

Energy Resources and Future Resources
Number: VC1280 Grade Level: I Length: 13 min. each
Energy Resources begins with examples of the many ways we use energy in today’s society and
raises the question of whether our energy resources will always be there when we need them.
This is part of the Earth’s Natural Resources series.

Environment
Number: VC1253 Grade Level: J/H Length: 62 min.
This video is divided into four parts: 1) Energy and the Food Chain, 2) Plants and Animals in
Community, 3) Ecology and Conservation, and 4) Human Beings and the Environment.

Environment, The
Number: VC26 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 61 min.
This video introduces the basics of environmental studies, ecology and conservation. Outlining
the fundamentals of energy flow, food chains, biological community, and ecosystems.

Eruption of Mount St. Helens!
Number: VC1656 Grade Level: I /J/H Length: 28 min.
“The Eruption of Mount St. Helens!” chronicles the cataclysmic events during one of America’s
most famous natural disasters, capturing the dramatic primary and secondary eruptions that
began on Sunday, May 18, 1980 at 8:32 a.m. When the destruction was over, the once beautiful
symmetrical cone rising 9667, feet above sea level had lost over 8.8 billion cubic yards of ice,
rock and dirt, decreasing its height by 1,300 feet. Originally shot in the IMAX format, this film
includes footage from the rescue helicopters that combed the area looking for survivors after the
initial eruption. These amazing scenes reveal an unearthly landscape of mud, ash, and steaming
craters, which sharply contrasts with the re-eruption scenery of pristine snow-covered peaks and
the crystal water of Spirit Lake. As the film revisits the area a decade later, it is startling to see
the rapid recover after so much devastation. In this celebration of nature, “The Eruption of
Mount St. Helens!” explores the power of nature to destroy, and to heal, in a cycle of destruction
and creation that constantly changes the world in which we live.

Everything is Something (Matter)
Number: VC1059 Grade Level: K-3 Length: 15 min.
By examining a bicycle and the materials it’s made of, viewers learn how the properties of
materials can change solid to liquid to gas. The effect of temperature on various materials is
demonstrated, and chemical reactions are shown. The atom is introduced as the building block
for all matter.

Fall: Through the Seasons With Birds Series
Number : VC1035 Grade Level: P Length: 14 min.
Fall brings many changes for all kinds of birds. In this program, young viewers learn about
migration, and how birds are able to navigate their way south for the winter. The process of
moulting is explained, and compared to getting new warm clothes for school. Viewers see
hawks, turkey vultures, and goldfinches, and learn that some birds do not migrate-like wild
turkeys.

Farm Animals
Number: VC1157 Grade Level: P Length: 30 min.
See how the barnyard is a perfect playground for chickens, pigs, calves, & lambs as they frolic
toward young adulthood. Nature at its best and its most head-over-heels adorable! See the first
hours of life, the first shaky steps into a wondrous world. The camera allows you to be right there
and animated examples show how each animal grows in a way even very young children can
understand and enjoy.

Farming for Kids
Number: VC1680 Grade Level: P                       Length: 30 min.
Join Farmer Bill in this award-winning video as he engages your child’s imagination with the
noise and live action of hi-tech farm equipment. Follow vegetable and grain production from
planting to harvest on a modern 7,000-acre family farm.

Fire
Number: VC1196 Grade Level: P Length: 10 min.
This video explains the elements necessary to start and maintain fire and how controlled fires are
beneficial and those that are not can destroy us.

Fish
Number: VC990 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 35 min.
Why is the fish a god in some cultures? Which prehistoric monster fish is still alive? Dive into
the waters of the world and discover the most exotic creatures in nature. Take the plunge from
dazzling coral reefs to the darkest depths to meet fish, a vast and varied group of animals, much
closer to humankind than you might think.

Fish, Amphibians, and Reptiles
Number: VC1244 Grade Level: P/I Length: 16 min.
These three vertebrate groups have been grouped together because of their connection to water
and the fact that they are each cold-blooded. Life evolved from the water of our earth's oceans.
Fish were some of the higher forms of ocean life. The first land animals (amphibians) were still
dependent on water to lay their eggs and raise their young. Reptiles are animals that can live in
water but are mostly land animals.

Flies and Mosquitoes (Bug City Series)
Number: VC1638 Grade Level: 1-6 Length: 23 min.
Masters of flying, flies have only two wings (compared to four on many other insects) but still
manage to move incredibly fast. Mosquitoes are a slender, delicate type of fly best knows for
their habit of biting. From houseflies to fruit flies, this program explains the complete four-stage
metamorphosis, the predators of flies and the “benefits” of maggots. A studio demonstration
shows how to make a fruit fly trap and how to raise fruit flies. (Close-Captioned)

Florence Nightingale
Number: VC1339 Grade Level: P/I/J Length: 30 min.
It was the height of the Crimean War, and English soldiers were dying by the hundreds.
Battlefield losses were expected, but it was the shocking conditions of British field hospitals that
caused scores of the deaths. Into these rat and flea-infested facilities stepped a woman of
uncompromising convictions, great patience and an iron will. When Florence Nightingale, “The
Lady of the Lamp,” arrived on the scene, the science and practice of nursing soon changed all
over the world, forever. This captivating and informative video retells her astonishing story in
accurate historical detail and with unforgettable dramatic flourish.

Flowers, Plants and Trees
Number: VC1117 Grade Level: All Length: 30 min.
This volume answers questions children ask about Flowers, Plants, and Trees. Included are
questions such as: When did plants appear on earth? What are bacteria? Why is chlorophyll
important? How do seeds grow? How many different kinds of grasses are there? Why do
flowers have different scents and colors? How do trees grow? What are hardwoods and
softwoods? How to mushrooms grow?

Force and Friction
Number: VC1058 Grade Level: J Length: 20 min.
Examples are used to demonstrate forces in everyday life—jumping into a swimming pool,
parachuting and trampolining. Graphics and slow motion photography are then added to show
how forces are measurable. Fish and birds are analyzed to explain drag. Liquids that decrease
friction are introduced to explain how we make our understanding of force and friction work for
us.

Fossils: From Site to Museum
Number: VC1250 Grade Level: I/J Length: 11 min.
Where do fossils come from? What can they tell about ancient environments? With a personal
guide, youngsters go fossil hunting in a strip coalmine, learning how fossils were formed. At the
museum, the guide shows the audience how fossils are prepared for study and exhibit.
Four Seasons Series: Autumn
Number: VC624 Grade Level: P/I Length: 16 min.
The student should be able to: list three farm crops harvested in autumn; cite an example of an
animal that (a) migrates, (b) stores food, and (c) hibernates; compare and contrast the foliage of
deciduous and evergreen trees; discuss weather changes in autumn; and explain how a cricket
makes its chirping sound.

Four Seasons Series: Spring
Number: VC625 Grade Level: P/I Length: 16 min.
Students should be able to: identify three insects that begin their lives in the pond; list the types
of foods some animals eat; explain the word "camouflage"; describe the homes animals prepare
for their young; discuss parental care; and explain weather changes in spring.

Four Seasons Series: Summer
Number: VC626 Grade Level: P/I Length: 16 min.
Students should be able to: list the types of foods three animals eat; compare the ways in which
several animals obtain their food; explain the word "predator" and give three examples of
animals that are predators; describe how bees pollinate flowers; identify a beneficial insect; and
explain the word metamorphosis.

Four Seasons Series: Winter
Number: VC627 Grade Level: P/I Length: 16 min.
Students should be able to: list types of food that may be placed in a bird feeder; identify three
species of birds that do not migrate; explain the word "hibernation"; name some shelters in
which animals may hibernate; identify three animals that spend the winter months looking for
food; and discuss weather changes in winter.

Future Resources
Number: VC1280 Grade Level: I Length: 13 min. each
Future Resources focuses on the alternative energy resources of solar energy, hydroelectric
energy, wind energy, and geothermal energy. This is part of the Earth’s Natural Resources
series.

G Force: Kings Dominion Math and Science Day
Number: VC1491 Grade Level: I Length: 28 min.
Children go on exciting, fun-filled real life Field Trip invites school aged children to go on a
special guided tour "up close and personal." It encourages independent exploration with
suggested reading and resources of further information.

Galileo
Number: VC1335 Grade Level: P/I/J Length: 30 min.
Today, every child learns that the earth revolves around the sun. Yet in sixteenth century
Europe, that belief was heresy! Galileo was the extraordinary astronomer and inventor who
discovered the truth, at the risk of his reputation and freedom. He refused to support a false view
of the universe, and spent the last eight years of his life under house arrest. Learn about the
courage and genius of Galileo through this revealing program. His integrity led to a whole new
universe of discovery and knowledge!

Galileo Galilei Moves the Earth
Number: VC806 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min.
Galileo moved the earth with one of the first telescopes and he created a new way of looking at
the world, a way that we today call science.

Gentle Giants of the Pacific
Number: VC239 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 60 min.
Whales are the largest creatures ever to live on earth - larger even than the dinosaurs - and this
unique record of humpback whales provides a rare look at these awesome monsters up close.
Humpbacks are the singing whales, and in the warm tropic waters off Hawaii, scientists seek to
understand the mysteries of their strange and haunting songs. In the remote, nutrient-rich waters
off Glacier Bay, Alaska, they gorge themselves on tons of minute shrimp-like creatures in one of
the most astonishing feeding frenzies ever recorded.

Geology
Number: VC706 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 10 min. each tape
How Do Living Things shape the Earth's Surface?
Animals, plants, and people all influence the shape of the earth's surface. This program explores
the different effects that various types of organisms have on geologic features. Experiments in
the program demonstrate both plant and animal actions on soil erosion.
How Does Water Shape the Earth's Surface?
Water causes most of the erosion that occurs on the earth's surface. this program describes
different mechanisms by which water acts on the earth's features and the new geologic
formations that arise because of these mechanisms. The experiments shown explore the effects of
running water on sediment and the force of water's expansion as it freezes. Glacial action is also
explained, as are the problems resulting from the interference of sediment with waterways.
How does Wind Shape the Earth's Surface?
This program explores the two fairly inconspicuous types of erosion work as well as the geologic
features that create these erosive forces. In addition, discussed in the program is the loss of
topsoil from farms due to wind transport.
What Are the Different Shapes on the Earth's Surface?
The earth's surface varies from region to region. However, there are only three basic types of
landforms: mountains, plateaus, and plains. This program introduces these basic landforms as
well as the principles of topographic maps and how to use them.

The Golden Gate Bridge
Number: VC1388 Grade Level: J/H Length: 50 min.
The golden Gate Bridge is one of the foremost man-made tourist attractions in the United States.
But at one time, critics said it could never be built. From the start, the project looked impossible.
The span of the bay was too wide. The shore was too unstable, the tides too turbulent. Storms
battered workers, fog shrouded construction. Yet engineer Joseph B. Strauss' plans proved to be
a masterpiece of design and function. In four years the longest, highest, most spectacular
suspension bridge on Earth opened to the public, and became one of the greatest symbols of
American ingenuity.

Golden Monkeys, Alphabet Zoop #1
Number: VC136 Grade Level: P/I Length: 13 min.
The Washington Park Zoo presents a collection of entertaining and educational programs about
wild animals.

Great American Desert, The
Number: VC472 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 15 min.
Early pioneers called it the Great American Desert - the vast semi-arid region extending beyond
the Mississippi. Within it are four true and distinct North American deserts, each with its own
features. Here the diversion of mountains steams and the damming of the Colorado River have
created a wealth of fertile oases and spurred the growth of major communities. But competition
for water, a population explosion and controversial land uses have led to concern over the future
of these deserts.

Great Blue Heron Story, The
Number: VC151 Grade Level: J/H Length: 20 min.
High in the tree tops, heron nests sway with every breeze and provide a setting for this intimate
film that examines the life of the Great Blue Heron. The camera records significant events in the
heron's life from spring through summer.

Great Search - Man's Need For Power and Energy, The
Number: VC340 Grade Level: J/H Length: 13 min.
Traces man's search for the force that moves the universe: energy. The video details the
discovery, development, and application of major sources of energy and concludes by stressing
man's responsibility to develop energy resources that will not upset the ecological balance.

Great Whales
Number: VC74 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 60 min.
Once feared and hunted almost to extinction, the whale now commands worldwide attention.
Join scientists and conservationists as they study and document the anatomy, communication,
and migratory patterns of a variety of whale species, including killer, pilot, and humpback
whales. The Great Whales also looks at the birth of a killer whale and how captive whales
participate in scientific experiments.

Greater Sandhill Crane Story
Number: VC245 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 16 min.
This video is an entertaining, beautiful and scientifically accurate study of the life history of the
Greater Sandhill Crane. You will follow the intimate story of a pair of cranes courting, nesting
and rearing their young.

Grizzly Bears, Alphabet Zoop #10
Number: VC145 Grade Level: P/I Length: 9 min.
The Washington Park Zoo presents a collection of entertaining and educational programs about
wild animals.

Growing
Number: VC1050 Grade Level: K-3 Length: 15 min.
As viewers see bean seeds grow, they learn that plants need water and light to help them grow.
Catchy songs help reinforce these ideas, and also show various plants growing and blooming.
Pollination is explained, and students learn how pollen can help a plant to produce seeds.

Growing, Growing…
Number: VC1204 Grade Level: P Length: 11 min.
This engaging program offers a free, impressionistic montage of delightful experiences related to
plants and their growth. Imaginative photography and use of the voices of children involved in
planting create an exciting introduction to seeds, plants, gardens, and other living things. The is
designed to motivate a class to become involved in growing activities.

Growth of Flowers
Number: VC343 Grade Level: P/I/J Length: 11 min.
Through the magic of time-lapse photography, the growth of flowers becomes a dance of beauty
choreographed by the shifting sun, changing temperatures, and the flower's own patterns of
development. Viewers see how flowering plants live through a day, a season, and a year; how
insects help them reproduce; how each plant responds in its own unique way to the changing
environment.

Habitats
Number: VC1283 Grade Level: P,I Length: 36 total min.
Life Underground Length: 9 min.
This part of the video introduces students to the lively world beneath our feet. Students will hear
and view the story of a young rabbit and his family. They will learn about how rabbits and other
animals make their homes underground. Students will also learn that familiar plants like the
carrot and the onion grow underground. Students will realize that useful, nonliving things such as
coal and oil are found beneath the ground.
Life on the Land Length: 9 min.
This segment of the video is a wonderful story of a young tree that is transplanted in the forest.
The small tree is very frightened at first. With the help of a mature tree, the young tree
overcomes its fears and learns that the forest is where it belongs after all. While viewing this
program, students will learn about various plants and animals that make the forest their home.
Using photographs to extend the learning, they will also see how plants and animals thrive on the
land.
Life in the Sea Length: 10 min.
This section tells the story of a fish named Salmon and of all the wonderful things he sees on his
way to the sea. Great Salmon, the young salmon's teacher, teaches him about the creatures that
live in the sea. He warns Salmon to stay away from many dangers in the sea. Students will be
introduced to the wonderful habitat beneath the sea. Using photographs that extend this
illustrated story, they will learn about the coral reef and some of its inhabitants, polyps, sea
horses, sponges and other exciting creatures.
Life in the Air Length: 8 min.
This section is the story of a baby bird that learns to fly. Once the young bird is able to fly, it
travels near and far to discover other creatures and sights of the air. Students will learn that
wings make animals of the air uniquely suited for this habitat. Using photographs of animals in
their natural habitats, they will also lean some interesting facts about creatures like the eagle and
the fly.

Habitats and Dependence
Number: VC1054 Grade Level: J/H Length: 20 min.
Almost every piece of land, from Africa to the Arctic, is habitat for some species of animal.
Although each animal is different, their needs are the same: food, shelter, and a safe area to raise
their young. A habitat must provide these things in order to be hospitable. Within each
environment there also exists an interdependence among plants and animals, a relationship that is
sensitive to man’s encroachment. Man’s development of the land injures the environment
through pollution and deforestation, among other things. This devastation will only hurt
humanity, for as is shown here, mankind is not totally removed from the earth’s ecosystem.

Horse
Number: VC991 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 35 min.
Why does a zebra have stripes? Why is a horseshoe considered lucky? Enter the equine world
through this intriguing introduction to both wild and domesticated horses. Look at the ancient
links between horse and humankind, and decide for yourself if we have really conquered the
horse or if its wild instincts are as strong as ever.

House and Backyard Insects (Bug City Series)
Number: VC1639 Grade Level: 1-6 Length: 23 min.
Most everyone has seen them buzzing around the house or crawling around outside—insects
such as cockroaches, fleas, termites, snails, slugs and earthworms are part of everyday life. This
program describes the habits of many of these creatures and how they affect humans. Ways to
cockroach-proof your house are discussed, and Dr. Art presents a technique used to find small
insects living down in the soil and leaf litter right in your own backyard. (Close-Captioned)

How an Estuary Works
Number: VC348 Grade Level: J/H Length: 28 min.
The interaction of fresh and salt water in the Laguna Madre along the Texas coast creates a rich
mix of nutrients which attracts many forms of life.

How Are Animals Alike and Different
Number: VC803 Grade Level: P/I Length: 7 min.
This video takes a look at a variety of different animals and other living creatures.

How Do Animals Grow?
Number: VC805 Grade Level: P/I Length: 7 min.
This video shows a variety of living beings, how they are born and the number of changes that
they go through to reach adulthood.
How to Dig a Hole to the Other Side of the World: Simply Scientific Series
Number: VC350 Grade Level: P/I Length: 11 min.
This adventure-in-geology story takes us on an amazing journey through the layers of the earth -
from topsoil and limestone, to granite and geysers, and, finally, from basalt into the molten core.
As each layer of earth is passed, the geological terms are fully explained.

Hurricane Below
Number: VC1707 Grade Level:                  Length: 14 min.
This is from the Application Satellites--Weather Series from NASA Central Operation of
Resource for Educators (CORE). (1205)

Hurricanes and Tornadoes (Weather Fundamentals)
Number: VC1606 Grade Level: 4-7 Length: 23 min.
Hurricanes and tornadoes, the deadliest and most destructive storms on Earth, fascinate us all
because of their awesome force. In this program, students will study both phenomena from their
early beginnings to the full-blown storms that wreak havoc on land. Through satellite images,
Doppler radar and storm footage, the program shows how meteorologists use data such as
location, movement, wind speed, temperature and air pressure to predict the course of theses
storms and provide early warnings to people living in their path. Watch as students recreate the
circular pattern of a tornado’s vortex to understand how air moves inside the funnel of a tornado.
In a thrilling on-location sequence, follow “storm chaser” as they track tornadoes to collect
information about how these storms develop and more. (Close-Captioned)

In the Shadow of Vesuvius
Number: VC75 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 60 min.
Since the days of the Roman Empire, Italy's Mount Vesuvius has erupted more than 50 times,
devastating whole cities and towns. In A.D. 79 it destroyed Pompeii and Herculaneum, burying
people alive as they ran to escape the volcano's fury. Lost and forgotten for more than 1,600
years, the once-thriving trade center of Pompeii has been successfully uncovered by
archaeologists. At Herculaneum, human skeletons were found in a fatal embrace. although
Vesuvius is sleeping now, this active volcano is never far from the minds of the two million
people who live in its shadow.

Inclined Planes (Based on the Book by David Macaulay, The Way Things Work)
Number: VC84 (DVD) Grade Level: 3-6 Length: 13 min.
Inhabitants of Mammoth Island have decided to smash boulders into bits by dropping them off a
wooden tower to make gravel for their new roads. While this method does produce gravel, they
find it is difficult and even dangerous to hoist boulders up the side of a tower. A young Islander,
Olive, suggests that they roll the boulders up an inclined plane, thereby allowing them to get the
job done more easily! cc

Insect
Number: VC992 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 35 min.
How do insect wings work? Just how big can a bug grow? Older than the dinosaurs, and
outnumbering people 250 million to one, insects are nevertheless avoided and ignored. Here, you
can safely examine the wonders of the insect world through macrophotography and startling 3-D
graphics that reveal the true importance of these amazing, industrious creatures.

Insect Disguises
Number: VC1043 Grade Level: K-6 Length: 15 min.
Insects are the most common animals on the surface of the Earth. Although scientists have names
more than one million species, they think there may be more than fifty million different types of
insects. Insects are so small that they have developed unique ways of escaping from predators.
Some look dangerous. Others blend into their surroundings. Sometimes these disguises work. At
other times, the insect provides food for another animal--proving that these methods of predation
don't always work.

Insects
Number: VC1218 Grade Level: P/I Length: 12 min.
This video investigates varieties of insects and examines their unique characteristics. Viewers
will learn about the beneficial and detrimental effects that insects have on nature and humans.

Insects and Spiders
Number: VC1217 Grade Level: P/I Length: 30 min.
See how plants provide the secret world that Insects and Spiders need to hatch, find food and
survive to young adulthood. Nature at its best--and its most head-over-heels adorable! See the
first hours of life, the first shake steps into a wondrous world. The camera allows you to be right
there and animated examples show how each animal grows in a way even very young children
can understand and enjoy.

Isaac Asimov's The Inner Planets: Earth, Our Home Base
Number: VC1012 Grade Level: J/H Length: 12 min.
In all the unbelievably vast Universe, we live on only one world. And on that one world the
whole drama of life, as we know it, began. That world is Earth, our home, one small planet
circling one middle-sized star in a corner of a single unremarkable galaxy. This video explores
how Earth was formed, how it continues to change, what the changes means to our lives now,
and what they may mean in the future.

Isaac Asimov's The Inner Planets: Mars, Our Mysterious Neighbor
Number: VC1014 Grade Level: J/H Length: 8 min.
Mars has been the source of more mystery and intrigue than any other known planet. From the
search for the "canals" to the quest for Martian life, from conjecture about its moons to
speculation about colonizing the planet, Mars has inspired the dreams and fantasies of human
beings. After exploring the history of ideas about Mars, this program takes us with Voyager to
the surface of the planet, where it seems as if we could grasp a handful of Martian soil. Finally,
there is a discussion of future exploration of Mars.

Isaac Asimov's The Inner Planets: Mercury: The Quick Planet
Number: VC1010 Grade Level: J/H Length: 12 min.
One of the planets scientists have seen up close is Mercury, which is the nearest planet to the
Sun. It is so near the Sun that it is usually overwhelmed by the Sun's light when we try to see it.
That is one reason why until recently we knew very little about Mercury. That is changed now.
We have learned quite a bit, and in this program we will examine our new knowledge of this
small, quick planet.

Isaac Asimov's The Inner Planets: The Earth's Moon
Number: VC1013 Grade Level: J/H Length: 9 min.
The Moon is our closest neighbor and planetary partner. it has only recently become a frontier
for hands-on investigation. The exploration of the Moon promises to provide practical answers to
many of the questions scientists have long asked about our Solar system and Earth. This program
examines the history of our progress towards a fuller understanding of the Moon and its
mysteries, including early discoveries and modern exploration.

Isaac Asimov's The Inner Planets: Venus, A Shrouded Mystery
Number: VC1011 Grade Level: J/H Length: 16 min.
Despite the fact that it is the nearest of all the planets, Venus had remained a mystery for a long
time. It has such a thick layer of clouds that for years astronomers could see nothing of its
surface. They could not tell how quickly it rotated or even if it rotated at all. Starting with the
Soviet probe Venera in 1961 and the US probe Mariner 2 in 1962, scientists began to gather
important data about Venus, and they had some surprises! This video explores the discoveries,
both ancient and modern, about Earth's closest neighbor.

Isaac Asimov's The Outer Planets: Jupiter, The Spotted Giant
Number: VC1001 Grade Level: J/H Length: 10 min.
Within the Solar system, the family of planets that circle the Sun, the largest planet is Jupiter,
rightly named for the king of gods in ancient Roman myths. It is an enormous world that dwarfs
Earth. Everything about it is extreme, its atmosphere, its storms, its satellites. In this program, we
will learn about this giant planet.

Isaac Asimov's The Outer Planets: Neptune, The Farthest Giant
Number: VC1004 Grade Level: J/H Length: 10 min.
In August 1989, the probe called Voyager 2 completed a 12 year journey to the outer planets by
passing close to the distant planet Neptune and its largest satellite, Triton. It has sent us back
fascinating photographs and much interesting information about these far-off worlds. In this
program we will explore Neptune from this new perspective!

Isaac Asimov's The Outer Planets: Pluto, A Double Planet?
Number: VC1005 Grade Level: J/H Length: 12 min.
Pluto's discovery in 1930 has excited our imaginations and quickened our desire for greater
knowledge of the Solar system Accompanied by its orbital sidekick, Charon, our "newest"
planetary neighbor is also one of the most intriguing. The most distant, the smallest, and the most
mysterious known planet in our Solar system, Pluto has a peculiar orbit and with its satellite,
Charon, which was discovered only a few years ago, may be considered a double planet.

Isaac Asimov's The Outer Planets: Saturn, The Ringed Beauty
Number: VC1002 Grade Level: J/H Length: 10 min.
Within the Solar system is the planet Saturn, a world that many think is the most beautiful object
we can see with our telescopes. This program examines our modern understanding of this
fascinating planet, its rings, its moons, its vast mass, and its mysteries.

Isaac Asimov's The Outer Planets: Uranus: the Sideways Planet
Number: VC1003 Grade Level: J/H Length: 10 min.
First identified in 18th-century England, Uranus is the first planet to be discovered in modern
times. Before 1986 we could only see it as a tiny dot of light through our telescopes. Now more
fully explored by Voyager 2, Uranus has been shown as having dark moons and rings, a nearly
horizontal axis, a molten rock core, a deep "sea" made up mostly of water, and a thick
atmosphere of helium and hydrogen.

Isaac Asimov's The Solar System: The Asteroids
Number: VC1009 Grade Level: J/H Length: 8 min.
Many of the objects in the Universe are small. If very far away from us, they are too small to see,
but some are right here in our own Solar system. Between Mars and Jupiter, there are thousands
of small objects called asteroids. Asteroids come in an incredible variety of shapes and sizes.
Some of them are sometimes very close to us, and some are quite far away. Some orbit the Sun
in peculiar paths. One day they may become incredibly important to human beings as natural
repositories of minerals and other chemical elements, and as outposts for further space
exploration.

Isaac Asimov's The Solar System: Comets and Meteors
Number: VC1008 Grade Level: J/H Length: 12 min.
In this program we look at those things that have long been streaking across our skies, filling us
with wonder and sometimes dread: comets and meteors, celestial visitors bringing us lessons
about cosmos and about the origins of our Earth. Topics include: what causes meteor showers,
comets as "dirty snowballs," the history of some of the "great" comets, and a closer look at
Halley's Comet.

Isaac Asimov's The Solar System: Our Solar System
Number: VC1006 Grade Level: J/H Length: 12 min.
"Sol" is the Latin word for "Sun," and the Sun is the central, and by far the largest, of the objects
that combine to make up our part of space, the Solar system. The Solar system has not always
existed. This program traces its development from the birth of the Sun to the building of the
planets and other members of the Solar community, and speculates about the end of the process
when the Sun dies out and the planetary system decays.

Isaac Asimov's The Solar System: The Sun
Number: VC1007 Grade Level: J/H Length: 12 min.
Of all the portions of the Universe we see in the sky, the most spectacular is surely the Sun.
When it is visable, its light drowns out everything else. It is so bright, we cannot look at it
directly, because its intense light can damage our eyes. While exploring the Sun's preeminent
place in our Solar System, this program traces its origins, the mechanisms by which it creates its
great light and heat, the ways in which it changes, and how these changes affect our Earth.
It Takes a Tree
Number VC1474 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 17 min.
This video discusses what's being done to protect the environment while your tree is being
harvested. It explains what special and unique forests are closed to logging and forever preserved
in national parks, wilderness area and other protected areas. In areas where harvesting is allowed,
the video addresses reforestation, stream and riparian area protection, wildlife protection, soil
erosion and roads, high technology logging equipment and the state laws.

Its Atmosphere: The Earth Series
Number: VC361 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 9 min.
Between the blackness of space and the surface of our planet is a protective covering: layered
atmosphere. In its lower part (troposphere) occur the air movements that create weather. Orbiting
satellites and computers provide scientists with the ability to assemble and analyze data rapidly.
Still to be solved are questions about the ozone layer, the greenhouse effect, pollution, and the
full effect of solar activity on weather.

Its Structure: The Earth Series
Number: VC363 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 10 min.
Geologists piece together bits of information from volcanic eruptions, seismographic evidence of
earthquakes, and meaningful surface features to produce a picture of the earth's structure.
animation illustrates the core, mantle, and crust, and examples explain the three types of crustal
rock.

Jungle
Number: VC993 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 35 min.
Why do rain forests harbor the greatest concentration of life in the world? What is their role in
the "Tree of Life"? Change your perception of this invaluable resource and recognize its
significance as a refuge for the richest variety of plant and animal life on earth, and fully
comprehend why this mysterious world is vital in maintaining our planet's ecological balance.

Junior Geologist
Number: VC907 Grade Level: P/I Length: 9 min. each videotape
The materials in this program were developed to achieve the following goals: Introduce students
to the science of geology and the work of a geologist. Describe earth's structure. Discuss the
different forces that cause land to build up. Discuss the eroding power of water, wind, ice, and
gravity that wear the earth down. Explain the origins of rocks and minerals.

Junior Oceanographer
Number: VC1324 Grade Level: P/I Length: All 4 vary
The Lure of the Sea Length: 15 min.
From the earliest explorers of the seas to modern oceanographers, the oceans have intrigued
humans. Vehicles used for exploration of the earth's waterways probably first began as dugout
logs. Today sophisticated robots explore the highly pressurized dark depths of the ocean floor.
Where the Water Meets the Land Length: 14 min.
The ocean is in constant motion. Persistent waves have the power to move sand, destroy
property, and cut into solid rock. The powerful gravitational forces of the earth, sun, and moon
cause the whole ocean to raise and fall. A myriad of plants and animals living in rocky tide pools
have strategically adapted themselves to live in this dynamic world of land and sea.
Oceans, Weather, and Climate Length: 15 min.
Water helps people and all living things on earth stay alive. Almost all of the water on this planet
is stored in the oceans. The water cycle begins with the oceans and affects our planet's weather
and climate.
The Life In the Sea Length: 17 min.
There is a multitude of ocean life and a variety of ocean environments. Each life form is uniquely
adapted to its own environment. From fish to marine mammals, from plankton to penguins, from
sea stars to sea weed, the ocean is home to many.

Jupiter, Saturn & Uranus
Number: VC29 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 60 min.
This video takes you on an incredible billion mile journey to the giant planets Jupiter, Saturn and
Uranus. Through the eyes of Voyagers 1 & 2, you will explore all three planets learning of the
most significant and surprising discoveries. the geology, the weather, the moons, the magnetic
fields - even the operation of the Voyager spacecraft - are all explored in this fascinating two part
program.

Keep It Clean
Number: VC164 Grade Level: P/I Length: 12 min.
Learn conservation with Woodsy Owl and Smokey Bear

Keeper of the Fire: Mt. St. Helens
Number: VC44 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 25 min.
This video gives a history of Mt. St. Helens and the Ring of Fire in the Pacific.

Kids Discover Bats
Number: VC49 Grade Level: P                Length: 22 min.
This video combines over 20 minutes of exciting live-action footage of bates with clever
animation to bring the little-known world of these incredible animals into your classroom. Kids
will discover that there are more than 1,000 kinds of bats. They will enjoy learning that bats are
not the scary bad guys of Halloween legends, but instead are our gentle, helpful friends. (01/09)

\Killer Wave: Power of the Tsunami
Number: VC647 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 56 min.
Dare to confront one of the sea’s most deadly monsters—the tsunami. Its freak waves can race
undetected across an ocean at 600 miles per hour, crashing ashore like a bomb…and pushing
massive walls of water that swallow cities whole. In the past century, tsunamis (literally “harbor
waves”) have taken the lives of 50,000 people—with almost no warning. Scientists tell us that
another destructive tsunami—perhaps Pacific-wide—could strike at any time. National
Geographic lets you encounter these killers up close, through heart-stopping footage and
survivors’ stories. You’ll witness unimaginable devastation in Hawaii, California, and
Japan…travel the Pacific Rim to track the underwater earthquakes that spawn tsunamis…and
watch as residents of this seismically volatile region brace for the next killer wave.
Ladybugs and Fireflies (Bug City Series)
Number: VC1640 Grade Level: 1-6 Length: 23 min.
Two of the most popular members of the insect world are ladybugs and fireflies. The colorful
ladybug provides pest control by eating insects that would feed on flowers, vegetables and fruits.
Another favorite, the firefly is a type of beetle that can produce its own light source, done in an
effort to attract a mate. In the studio, Dr. Art discusses theses complex, blinking insects and in
an experiment, tries to replicate the bursts of light that fireflies produce. (Close-Captioned)

Land Pollution: A First Film
Number: VC1227 Grade Level: I/J Length: 12 min.
Only a little over one-fourth of our planet is made up of land, but it has the ability to create
nutrients for plants by continually recycling waste. How well are we caring for this valuable
commodity? This informative video describes its use and misuse as well as suggesting methods
for protecting it for future generation.

Learning About the Earth
Number: VC910 Grade Level: P Length: 10 min. each video tape
Learning About the Sky
This program examines how and why the sky looks different during the day and night. It also
discusses how the moon changes at different times of the month.
Learning About the Weather
This program gives examples of how weather changes in the same place and of how it is
different in different places.
Learning About Rocks and Minerals
This program explains that rocks are made of minerals. It also examines what minerals are and
how the many types of minerals can be identified.

Legacy for a Loon
Number: VC146 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 20 min.
The common loon is a bird of the northern lake country of North America; its eerie haunting call
is a sound synonymous with wilderness. The exquisite beauty of this bird makes this film a
visual treat while it is also a scientifically accurate documentary on the behavior and life history
of the common loon. Included are scenes of courtship, nest building, incubation, spectacular
territorial defense, egg hatching and other animals that are part of the loons environment.

Let's Find Out About Water
Number: VC884 & VC885 Grade Level: P/I/J/H Length: 5 min.
This is a good introduction to young students on the importance of water and how all living
things depend on it. It discusses how things dissolve in water, the evaporation of water, the
formation of clouds, and rain.

Levers (Based on the Book by David Macaulay, The Way Things Work)
Number: VC85 (DVD) Grade Level: 3-6 Length: 13 min.
Inhabitants of Mammoth Island have decided to enter their mammoth in a "heaviest mammoth"
competition. To do so, they need to find the best method to weigh a mammoth. After observing
some children playing on a see-saw, Olive, a young Islander, is inspired to try a simple machine
called a lever to get the job done. The Islanders then explore the properties of the three classes
of levers and discover that scissors, nail clippers and tweezers are just a few examples of useful
inventions based on the principle of the lever. cc

Life & Death on the Great Barrier Reef
Number: VC610 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 55 min.
The mightiest edifice on Earth isn't the Great Wall or the pyramids. In fact, it wasn't built by man
at all, but by hordes of tiny coral polyps off the coast of Australia. Countless millions of these
have left behind deposits that form the Great Barrier Reef. Hundreds of miles long, the Reef is a
lush underwater garden where appearance are deceptive - what seem to be plants are really
animals and vice versa.

Life Cycles: Bill Nye the Science Guy
Number: VC56 (DVD) Grade Level: 4 and up Length: 26 min.
In Life Cycles, Bill Nye explains life cycles and shows why they are similar in many different
living things. cc

Life in the City Habitat
Number: VC548 Grade Level: P/I Length: 10 min.
In this video our energetic eight-year olds and their guide, Jim, explore the business, industrial
and residential areas of a typical city. They discover organisms that have adapted to life in the
city, and learn how those creatures survive in a habitat originally built for people.

Life of the Bighorn Sheep
Number: VC152 Grade Level: J/H Length: 20 min.
This video takes a look at the life history of the Rocky Mountain Bighorn beginning with the
lambs born in spring on a protected rocky cliff. It also shows cracking heads of the huge full curl
rams as they battle for dominance in the breeding season.

Lightning and Thunder Case, The: Simple Scientific Series
Number: VC375 Grade Level: P/I Length: 14 min.
"The people of Prairie City, tired of being terrorized by the Lightning and Thunder Gang, decide
to capture these two villains and bring them in for a stormy trial. In this animated 'Old West'
yarn, the townsfolk learn how to safely deal with lightning and thunder, and how to protect
themselves from damage during a storm.

Living Cell
Number: VC1252 Grade Level: J/H Length: 46 min.
This video is divided into four parts: 1) The Basis of Life, 2) One-celled Organisms, 3) The
Cells of Plants, and 4) The Cells of Animals.

Living Ocean
Number: VC981 Grade Level: I/J Length: 28 min.
Marine biologist Stefani Hewlett takes us through the Vancouver Aquarium where we meet and
learn about whales, sea otters, the giant octopus and baby seals being reared for reintroduction
into the ocean. At the Royal Ontario Museum, scientists study the coelacanth, a prehistoric fish
thought to be extinct sixty-five million years ago, yet caught off the coast of Madagascar in
1938. An how can the tiny codworm, completing its life cycle in the grey seal, stir up so much
controversy? The segments in this video are: dolphins and belugas; coelacanth; marine
mammals: sea otters; codworm life cycle; octopus, and baby seals.

Living Things: How Plants and Animals Work
Number: VC1498 Grade Level: P/I Length: 8 min.
How do animals move? How do animals get their food? Can plants move? How do plants protect
themselves?

Look at the Weather
Number: VC1092 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min.
The only thing consistent about the weather is that it is in a constant state of change. Weather
changes as the sun, the earth and the atmosphere change. A warm sunny day can suddenly
change into a dark rainy day by the presence of a single cloud. Viewers will learn about weather
patterns and how clouds offer the biggest clues to changing weather patterns. The three elements
that affect the weather are reviewed as well as how these elements individually affect it.
Microclimates are defined for the viewer, and the three different types of clouds are shown.

Looking for Animals
Number: VC804 Grade Level: P/I Length: 7 min.
This video shows students that animals live everywhere.

Lost Book Report Caper: Environment Video Series
Number: VC842 Grade Level: P Length: 20 min.
Objectives of the program are: demonstrate that ordinary people are responsible for the amount
of trash that is thrown away; introduce the three R's: reduce, reuse, and recycle; show why it is
important to reduce the amount of trash thrown away each year; identify ways to reduce, reuse,
and recycle.

Louis Pasteur
Number: VC1340 Grade Level: P/I/J Length: 30 min.
Join the adventure as Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) sets out to solve some of the greatest medical
mysteries of all time. Along the way, the great French scientist struggles against personal
tragedies, doubting “official science” and failed experiments. Yet his determination never
deserts him, even when Pasteur faces his greatest challenge of all. Will a rabies vaccine tested
only on animals save a boy’s life? Should he even risk such a bold step? Pasteur’s steadfast
determination stands as a lesson to us all. The vaccines he perfected, along with is Pasteurization
process for safer milk, are his gifts to a better world.

Magic School Bus Hops Home
Number: VC1685                 Grade Level: P/I             Length: 30 min.
Wanda goes over the top when she turns the entire classroom into a comfortable new home for
her beloved pet frog, Bella. It’s everything a frog could want…or so Wanda thinks. However,
when Bella jumps out an open window, Wanda learns to rethink her idea of what a frog needs.
Magic School Bus Kicks up a Storm: How to Become Weather-wise
Number: VC1686                Grade Level: P/I             Length: 30 min.
It’s a hot and muggy summer day, and the heat’s gone to Ralphie’s head. The Friz asks, “What
makes the weather?” Then the bus transforms into a Weathermobile and in a wild ride through
the skies gives Ralphie the opportunity to become the meteorological superhero of his dreams.

Magic School Bus Goes to Seed: Growing Places with Plants
Number: VC1                    3Grade Level: P               Length: 30 min.
The class' garden is going to be features on the cover of PLANT IT! magazine. But Phoebe's
garden plot is glaringly empty. Always eager to help, Ms. Frizzle shrinks the bus to the size of a
ladybug, and the class is off and flying to Phoebe's old school to find a plant.

Magnets and Electricity
Number: VC1051 & VC1052 Grade Level: K-3 Length: 15 min.
In this program, viewers learn that various places where magnets can be found, including toys
and games, and around the house. The various users of magnets are explained as well. Students
are shown in the classroom producing small amounts of electricity with magnets, and static
electricity is produced as well.

Mammals
Number: VC1118 Grade Level: P/I Length: 30 min.
This video answers questions children ask about mammals. Included are questions such as: Why
are whales considered mammals? Can seals live underwater? What is a dolphin? Why does the
kangaroo have a pouch? Do polar bears hibernate? Why do elephants have big ears? Why do bats
hang upside down? Is the chimpanzee a monkey?

Marie Curie
Number: VC1332 Grade Level: P/I/J Length: 30 min.
At an early age Marie Curie was taught the importance of education. As an adult, she became an
amazing heroine of science. Her devotion to her work, despite poverty and sickness, gave the
world the theory of radioactivity, the discovery of pluto9nium and the isolation of radium.

Mars
Number: VC1322 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: ? min.
This video has four parts: 1) Life on Mars 2; 2) NASA Images—Episode I; 3) The Flight of
Apolo II; and 4) The Time of Apollo.

Mars & Mercury
Number: VC30 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 60 min.
This video traces man's evolving, sometimes imaginative theories of Mars from its discovery in
1669 to the historic Viking Robot landing on its surface. You'll discover a planet whose
mountains, plains and canyons dwarf anything found on Earth.
The second program reveals our solar system's smallest planet in startling detail through the
findings and photographs of the Mariner 10 Spacecraft.
Matter
Number: VC1254 Grade Level: All Length: 22 min.
This video explains the basic principles of matter: physical properties, states of matter, weight
and mass, density, Boyle’s Law, Charles’ Law, phase changes. Experiments are conducted to
demonstrate each principle. Lab safety procedures are presented and used during the program.

Matter and Energy for Beginners: Magnets
Number: VC1246 Grade Level: I Length: 13 min.
Investigator Alligator accepts a challenge from his friend Mr. E to account for the remarkable
behavior of some floating rings. Supplied with a clue that these rings are magnets, Al sets out to
learn as much as he can about them. Following the procedures of scientific investigation, he
tests the behavior of magnets and different materials as he examines the parts of a car and checks
out objects in a friend’s hardware store. His friends help him to sort materials he has collected
into groups. Next, Al tests the comparative strength of magnets and checks his conclusions with
a different kind of experiment, one in which he discovers the action of magnets at a distance. To
help him visualize the magnet’s force, Mr. E demonstrates the three dimensional field of a
magnet, and suggests that he compare the behavior of the magnet’s two poles. When he does, Al
makes an accidental discovery that advances his investigation. Finally, Al uses a thought
experiment to lead him to a conclusion that solves The Case of the Bouncing Rings.

Messenger of Life: The Story of the Real Christmas Tree
Number: VC109 Grade Level: P/I Length: 20 min.
This video explains the history of the Christmas tree and shows a working tree farm.

Meteorology (Weather Fundamentals)
Number: VC1607 Grade Level: 4-7 Length: 23 min.
This program looks at how meteorologists gather and interpret current weather data. Students
will be introduced to everything from weather maps, weather stations and satellites to airplanes,
weather ships and weather balloons. Meteorologists use these instruments to look for patterns in
air pressure, cloud cover, wind speed, precipitation and temperature so they can create a picture
of the approaching weather. Students will learn key symbols on a meteorological weather map
and tour the offices of the National Weather Service to see meteorologists in action. (Close-
Captioned)

Minerals: Building Blocks of the Earth
Number: VC1020 Grade Level: J/H Length: 19 min.
Understand the intriguing world of minerals, our planet's most fundamental earth material. See
how geologists collect and identify minerals from the earth's crust, how the arrangement of
atoms determines the unique properties of minerals and how these non-renewable earth resources
provide us with the raw materials for a wide range of useful products.

Missing Ingredient: Environment Video Series
Number: VC841 Grade Level: P Length: 20 min.
Objectives of the program are: introduce what biological resources are; identify ways that
biological resources are important to us; identify reasons that biological resources disappear;
describe how to conserve biological resources.
Monarch & the Milkweed, The
Number: VC754 Grade Level: I/J Length: 13 min.
Students will: learn something about the milkweed plant, the monarch butterfly, and other insects
which participate in the reproductive cycle of the milkweed; learn about the close, complex
interrelationships between these insects and this plant, and in so doing, begin to understand how
plants and animals interrelate in a natural environment.

Moon
Number: VC1323 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: ? min.
This video has five parts: 1) Solar System Exploration, Pt. 1; 2) Solar System Exploration, Pt. 2;
3) Mars, the Next Step; 4) Planet Mars; and 5) Mars Rover Sample Return Mission.

Musk Oxen, Alphabet Zoop #6
Number: VC141 Grade Level: P/I Length: 10 min.
The Washington Park Zoo presents a collection of entertaining and educational programs about
wild animals.

Mystery of the Dead Fish ( the Major Parts of the Environment): Environment Video
Series
Number: VC838 Grade Level: P Length: 20 min.
Why were Jason's fish dying? In solving the mystery, our young detectives learn what elements
make up a healthy environment, and what can happen to an environment when one of its parts is
damaged or missing. This program introduces the idea that the environment is composed of a
number of important parts, and with out those parts, the plants and animals that make up the
world cannot live.

Mystery of the Statue: Environment Video Series
Number: VC840 Grade Level: P Length: 20 min.
Objectives of the program: introduce why the atmosphere is an important resource; describe
what air pollution is; identify the sources of air pollution; introduce acid rain; describe what
children can do to help.

Natural Disasters
Number: VC1657 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 35 min
Natural Disasters explores the forces that shape our planet and affect our lives, from hurricanes
to volcanoes. Captures on camera in the midst of turmoil, rare footage reveals the Earth at its
most violent, from the lashing fury of a twister to the awesome progress of an avalanche. Closed
Captioned.

Nature of Matter, The: Atomic Structure
Number: VC568 Grade Level: H Length: 28 min.
This video describes four key experiments which identified the fundamental particles, leading to
the present nuclear model of the atom used by chemists. Also the concept of a scientific model
derived by experiment, the way a TV tube works, and the essential features of a mass
spectrometer.
El Nino
Number: VC1677 Grade Level: I/J/H                  Length: 50 min.
Mike Wallace explores the history and mysteries and breakthroughs within the scientific world—
in this case El Nino.

Not So-Solid-Earth, The
Number: VC677 Grade Level: J/H Length: 30 min.
Here we trace one of the most revolutionary findings of this century: the discovery of powerful
forces deep within the earth that move continents and shift oceans. Shows how geologists,
oceanographers, paleontologists and mineralogists gather and analyze supporting data for the
theory of continental drift, the dynamic system which is reshaping the earth's surface.

Nutrition and Diet
Number: VC40 Grade Level: I/J Length: 30 min.
In this video, a registered dietician and a nutritionist work with teens to explain the principles of
good nutrition and good eating habits as well as practical tips for reading product labels,
selecting menu items and preparing food at home. (Close-Captioned) (0106)

Ocean, Coasts, & Tides
Number: VC607 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 25 min.
This video explains the geographical terms that go with the oceans, coasts, and tides.

Ocean Life
Number: VC1173 Grade Level: P/I Length: 30 min.
This video contains outstanding nature footage covering all areas of the natural world. It shows
the relationships of animals in the wild to each other and to their environment. Children will be
both entertained and educated by this view of the wonderful would of "Nature".

Ocean Tides
Number: VC42 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 9 min.
This video explains what causes tides and how they affect the shoreline.

October Sky: Based on an Incredible True Story
Number: VC1643 Grade Level: H Length: 108 min.
In Coalwood, West Virginia, 1957, coal mining is king and no one can escape life underground.
But when high schooler Homer Hickam, Jr. (Jake Gyllenhaal) sees the Soviet satellite Sputnik
streak overhead, he aims for the star and a new destiny in this incredible true story of hope,
determination and triumph. With the help of his teacher and three buddies, Home sets out to
build his own rocket. Despite his father’s disapproval, a limited education and a series of
misfires that threaten to flatten his dreams and the town, Homer overcomes seemingly
impossible odds to fulfill his vision in one of the most timeless, inspiring stories ever brought to
the screen.

The Octopus, the Crab, the Crayfish
Number: VC28 Grade Level: P Length: 33 min.
*The sequence of the 3 sections does not follow the sequence in the title. The sequence is as
follows and each section is about 11 minutes long.
1) The Octopus--Study the gills of the octopus that allow them to breathe and the suction cups
that enable them to move along, climb, and snatch up prey. See newborn hatchlings immediately
leave their mother to begin a life of independence.
2) The Crayfish--Crayfish look very much like their larger saltwater relatives, the lobster. See
how this freshwater dweller walks about with extended claws, ever ready to grab food or protect
himself.
3) The Crab--The crab is an animal that is covered with a hard shell that protects its soft body
from harm. This program shows the crab in its natural habitat--its behavior, predators and prey.
(1205)


Orangutans, Alphabet Zoop #9
Number: VC144 Grade Level: P/I Length: 10 min.
The Washington Park Zoo presents a collection of entertaining and educational programs about
wild animals.

Our Changing Earth
Number: VC896 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 20 min.
After viewing the program students should understand: how scientists think the Earth was
formed; that the Earth is made up of different layers, including the crust, mantle, outer core, and
inner core; what weathering is and some of the forces that cause it; what erosion is and what
causes it; what the theory of continental drift is; what the theory of plate tectonics is; what
volcanoes are; what earthquakes are.

Our Mr. Sun
Number: VC47 Grade Level: I Length: 60 min.
Dr. Frank Baxter, and Eddie Albert (Green Acres," Dreamscape) host this exploration into the
mysteries of the sun. With the help of a boastful Old Sol and cranky Father Time (the voice of
Lionel Barrymore), we learn how solar flares effect the earth, what sun spots are, how plants
store energy, and many other amazing things. Features animation and spectacular footage of
eruptions and other phenomenon occurring on the sun's surface.

Our Restless Atmosphere
Number: VC527 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 12 min.
This presentation introduces students to and presents an overview of four of the most important
of these concerns: (1) acid rain, (2) surface ozone pollution, (3) CFE Damage to the ozone layer,
and (4) global warming.

Outer Space: Way Out There!
Number: VC38         Grade Level: P/I            Length: 49 min.
Bill Nye talks about Outer Space--planets, stars, galaxies, and the universe. He also visits the
Mount Wilson Observatory in California to help illustrate how long it takes light to travel
through the galaxy.

Panama Canal
Number: VC1390 Grade Level: J/H Length: 50 min.
Part of Teddy Roosevelt's dream of making America a global power was realized through the
construction of the Panama Canal. The French began construction in 1880 but nine years and
20,000 lives later they realized their plans were flawed and abandoned the project. Enter the
bully Yanks! First they controlled the diseases that had claimed so many construction worker's
lives. Then they developed an innovative design for a series of locks. Finally, their dogged
determination paid off when they united the oceans on January 7, 1914. Here is the exciting
history of this formidable wonder, including the ingenuity and enterprise behind its construction,
and the admiration it still merits to this day.

Panthers & Cheetahs, On the Edge of Extinction
Number: VC228 Grade Level: J/H Length: 22 min.
Audubon takes you on the edge extinction with two of the world's most endangered big cats: the
Florida Panther and the African cheetah. See these magnificent creatures in the panthers' wild
home in the Florida Everglades and the cheetah's natural surroundings on the plains of East
Africa.

Pelicans Pelican Pelicans
Number: VC710 Grade Level: P/I/J/H Length: 20 min.
This video is an essay on the two species of pelicans found in North America, the coastal nesting
browns and the inland nesting whites. Brown pelicans may be found along the Gulf of Mexico
and southern California coasts year around and as far north as Maryland and Oregon in the
summer. White pelicans nest in freshwater lake country from Utah to Yellowstone National Park
to the prairies of central United States and Canada but winter further south even to the Gulf
waters of Florida and Texas.

Physical Features: Map Skills Series
Number: VC406 Grade Level: I/J Length: 12 min.
Lance Bolder attempts to climb the highest mountain on the island, he learns some important
lessons about how a map indicates physical features. Viewers are introduced to map indicators
for various bodies of water, including the differences between a gulf, a bay, a lake and an ocean.
As lance reaches a plateau and a mountain, viewers are shown how to read a map to determine
elevation above sea and land contour.

Physical Science: Chemical Energy
Number: VC1251 Grade Level: I/J Length: 17 min.
Using models of molecules, this program demonstrates the ceaseless chemical changes that occur
all around us. The models illustrate how the atoms and molecules combine and separate in
different ways, resulting in these chemical changes. Chemical change is clearly distinguished
from physical change. In explaining the energy exchanges that take place in each chemical
change, the program uses interesting kitchen demonstrations and industrial examples to illustrate
the changes requiring an input of energy. The program also reveals that some molecules are
more tightly bonded than others, explaining why different amounts of energy are needed to break
chemical bonds. Chemical changes that have an output of energy are emphasized because of
their importance in life processes and our industrial society. Explosive, rapid, and slow
oxidation chemical changes are explained and demonstrated.
Pigs!
Number: VC976 Grade Level: P Length: 9 min.
As the day dawns on a farm, a timid sparrow discovers bulky shapes, sounds of heavy breathing.
Blimp-like shapes arise, Pigs! Faces, tails, and personalities of pigs are shown.

Planets (Eyewitness)
Number: VC1689                  Grade Level: I/J                Length: 30 min.
Which planet would float in your bathtub if you had one that was big enough? What is the fire-
and-brimstone world of Venus really like? Planets journeys through space and time, witnessing
the birth of the sun and traveling to the outer limits of the solar system. The “journey” includes
visits to Earth’s close neighbors in space.

Plants: Green, Growing, Giving Life
Number: VC562 Grade Level: I Length: 22 min.
This program shows how plants, like other living things, are made up of cells and require food
for energy and growth. After showing how plants provide the food that other living things need,
the video then explains how plants capture the energy of sunlight to manufacture their own food
through photosynthesis. Graphics illustrate the process of photosynthesis and show how we
depend on photosynthesis for the oxygen we breathe.

Plants that Grow from Leaves, Stems and Roots
Number: VC1221 Grade Level: I/J Length: 15 min.
From the simple act of planting a bulb to new methods of cloning, we can grow new plants from
a single parent, passing along uniform characteristics from one generation to the next. We see
how vegetative (asexual) reproduction occurs naturally in leaves, stems and roots and identify
bulbs, corms, rhizomes and tubers with basic plant parts. We learn how growers take advantage
of these methods of vegetative propagation, how they use grafting to preserve and combine
desirable characteristics, and how they are beginning to clone large numbers of plants from
single cells..

Polar Bears, Alphabet Zoop #2
Number: VC137 Grade Level: P/I Length: 15 min.
The Washington Park Zoo presents a collection of entertaining and educational programs about
wild animals.

Pond Animals
Number: VC1158 Grade Level: P Length: 30 min.
See how the world in and around a pond dilights a dragonfly, frog, duck, and salamander as they
celebrate their passage to young adulthood.

Power Puzzle: Environment Video Series
Number: VC843 Grade Level: P Length: 20 min.
Objectives of the program are: define what energy is; describe five types of energy; show how
one type of energy can be converted into the other types; identify where energy in our homes
comes from and how much we use; describe ways to conserve energy.
Powers of Ten
Number: VC546 Grade Level: J/H Length: 9 min.
Powers of Ten is an adventure in magnitudes. Starting at a picnic by the lakeside in Chicago, this
famous film transports you out to the edges of the universe and in to the micro-world of cells,
molecules, and atoms. It is a careful picture of the universe as we currently know it, according to
the best available evidence and scientific explanation.

Predators of the Desert: The Living Desert Series
Number: VC411 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 22 min.
This dramatic view of the continual struggle for survival in the desert depicts nature's forces with
total candor and uncompromising realism.

Pressure
Number: VC1055 Grade Level: J/H Length: 20 min.
What do pushing in a thumbtack and walking across the snow in snowshoes have in common?
They are both examples of flat surfaces which spread out the pressure or the “pushing force.”
Viewers of this interactive program will take a close look at how pressure has to do with force
and area and that the force becomes more concentrated and effective if applied over a small area.
The effect of pressure on liquids or gases is also explored as well as their different reactions to
compression. How the principles of pressure function in everyday situations is illustrated
throughout the program and some advanced engineering techniques using air pressure are
witnessed.

Puffin Adventures (Audubon)
Number: VC1690                  Grade Level: P/I             Length: 30 min.
Common Puffins spend their summers on the rocky shores on both sides of the Atlantic mating,
nesting, and raising families. They fly away in fall to spend the winter floating at sea—braving
fierce North Atlantic storms and chilly temperatures. But despite their amusing appearance, the
puffin’s life is one of constant struggle—and they face adversity with sheer determination and
strength.

Pulleys (Based on the Book by David Macaulay, The Way Things Work)
Number: VC86 (DVD) Grade Level: 3-6 Length: 13 min.
Inhabitants of Mammoth Island try to find the best method to lift their mammoths. A young
Islander, Olive, decides to use a simple machine called a pulley to get the job done. A pulley is a
wheel that carries a rope, chain or cable on its rim and can be used to life a heavy load. When
multiple pulleys work together, they lessen the effort it takes to do work. So using a ten-pulley
system would require one-tenth the effort of a single pulley to life a mammoth. cc

Putting Man in Space & Sound Engineering
Number: VC817 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. each part
Putting Man in Space:
Take a tour of the Johnson Space Center in Houston to get an inside look at how our ability to
operate in outer space is dependent on our understanding and use of essential math principles,
such as balance and equilibrium. Students see NASA's Mission Control, Weightless
Environment Training Facility, Flight Simulation and Robotics Laboratory.
Sound Engineering:
Take your class behind the scenes of a rock concert, recording studio, the world famous
Hollywood Bowl, and the film industry to show how modern sound technology is designed and
built using the language of math. Students discover the essential role math plays in the process
that begins with the composer's idea and ends with listening to a hit tune at home on your CD.

Puzzle of the Rotting Log, The
Number: VC551 Grade Level: P/I Length: 12 min.
Our guide, Jim, poses an interesting puzzle to a group of lively eight-year olds: "Trees have been
living and dying on this earth for thousands of years, so why isn't the earth covered with dead
trees?" In this video we follow our enthusiastic group through the woods as they discover the
pieces that solve the puzzle, and learn about decomposition and nature's recycling system.

Raging Planet Tidal Wave
Number: VC655 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 50 min.
Imagine an unstoppable wall of water, racing to shore at 500 miles an hour, reaching heights of
nearly 100 feet, washing away everything in its path with tons of foam and debris. Hang on,
because the first wave isn’t even the biggest. Tidal Wave is more than just the story of an angry
sea—it’s the story of defiant humans. Join the scientists who struggle to predict the
unpredictable. Visit a city in Japan that builds walls against the tsunamis, or “harbor waves.”
Hear tales of survival against overwhelming odds. Meet a man who actually surfed a really “big
wave” off the coast of Peru in 1974. You’ll never look at water the same way again.

Rain and Snow (Weather Fundamentals)
Number: VC1608 Grade Level: 4-7 Length: 23 min.
An understanding of how rain and snow occur starts with the workings of the tiniest drop of
water—the water molecule. In this program, concise explanations of the various types of
precipitation provide students with insight into how rain, snow, sleet, hail, fog and mist form, as
well as how the water cycle—evaporation, condensation and precipitation—constantly
“recycles” water around the world. A simple experiment compares the density of water in its
liquid state to the density of ice. This program also discusses typical weather patterns in North
America, while an on-location tour of a ski resort reveals how snow-making machines create
snow for ski slopes when nature has not provided enough. (Close-Captioned)

Rain Forest
Number: VC244 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 60 min.
The tropical rain forests of the world are home to nearly half the animal species on earth - an
estimated five million different life forms. More than 100 inches of rainfall each year sustain this
lush environment, where some of the most fascination examples of natural adaptation can be
found.

Rain or Shine: Understanding the Weather
Number: VC559 Grade Level: I Length: 15 min.
What better way to grasp some of the properties of air and learn what happens when it's heated
than to watch a hot-air balloon race? Animation gives a clear sense, as nothing else can, of what
happens when two air masses meet at a front; how evaporation and condensation heat the
atmosphere; how air masses form and move; and how uneven heating can cause local winds.
And a videotape visit to a weather bureau gives a first-hand feel for how forecasts are made.

Reduce, Reusing, and Recycling: Environmental Concerns
Number: VC561 Grade Level: I Length: 22 min.
This video program is designed to make young students aware of the environmental
consequences of the solid wastes we throw away. It also offers practical steps we can take to help
solve the problems we have with our garbage.

Renewable Tree
Number: VC61 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 59 min.
Trees are one of our most important - and most quickly exhausted - resources. Paper and lumber
companies, scientists and conservationists all have reason to worry; and all are taking steps to
discover whether or not trees are a renewable resource. This NOVA program describes current
conservation efforts in this field.

Reptile
Number: VC994 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 35 min.
Why do lizards sunbathe? How can a snake swallow an egg whole? Experience the alien world
of these cold-blooded vertebrates, learning the truth about these often misunderstood creatures
and uncovering reptilian facts that are stranger than fiction.

Resources in its Crust
Number: VC418 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 10 min.
In the thin outer layer of our planet lie the resources, limited and unrenewable, that are the basis
of our highly technological society. In this broad overview of the mining, processing, and
utilization of a variety of metals and non-metals, students appreciate the incredible range of uses
of crustal resources - from the great steel girders that support the earth's tallest structures to the
tiny silicon chips that control the multi-million mile flights of space vehicles.

Restless Sea, The
Number: VC419 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 36 min.
This updated version of a Disney classic adds fascinating facts on global plate tectonics,
including information about the beginning of the sea and primal life; the sea's chemical
composition; the effect of gravitational pull on tides and currents; evaporation and condensation;
the ocean's worldwide system of currents; and the effect of density and temperature on plant and
animal life.

Ring-Tailed Lemurs
Number: VC139 Grade Level: P/I Length: 9 min.
The Washington Park Zoo presents a collection of entertaining and educational programs about
wild animals.

River Song: A Natural History of the Colorado River in Grand Canyon
Number: VC894 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 40 min.
The Colorado River is the lifeblood of the Grand Canyon, yet because of its remoteness it was
not explored completely until 1869, and even today remains a challenge to the adventuresome.
This video shows the animals, plants, geology, and the great river itself.

Robotics: The Future is Now
Number: VC1708 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 20 min.
Actor William Shatner leads viewers on a trek through the amazing world of robotics. But no
simple "Gee whiz" program is this. In addition to its skillful presentation of the language and
concepts of robotics, it makes the point that human intelligence, imagination and vision are
major resources to be used in creating and directing robots.

Rock Cycle
Number: VC1021 Grade Level: J/H Length: 18 min.
Understand the complex processes that create, change and break down earth materials. Clear and
concise definitions of the major rock types are illustrated using full motion video and colorful
computer graphics.

Rocks: Solid Earth Materials II
Number: VC1393 Grade Level: P Length: 11 min
From brilliant gemstones to awesome outcroppings, the prehistoric solid earth materials called
rocks and minerals have stories to tell that are as ancient as the planet on which they are found.
To the Dr. Doolittle of the earth, the geologist, rocks speak of an eternity of buffeting waves,
relentless winds, and scarring glaciers, which reduce once massive landforms, to mere grains of
sand. Just when it seems as though their journey is over, they are consumed by the earth where
they suffer the torture of scorching heat and intense pressure, transforming the rocks into new
forms that will once again experience the wrath of natural forces. This video discusses rocks and
minerals and their perpetual cycle of decomposition and recreation.

Rocks and Minerals: How We Identify Them
Number: VC1247 Grade Level: I/J Length: 14 min.
Students discover how the pattern, texture and composition of each rock helps identify it, and
also gives clues to how different rocks may have been formed. Demonstrations assist in
understanding the origin of marble, lava and conglomerates.

Rocks and Minerals: The Hard Facts
Number: VC560 & VC895 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 20 min.
We follow an Earth scientist to several rock outcrops and exposures in order to examine
firsthand some of the characteristics of the rocks and minerals of the Earth's crust. The first stop
is an abandoned feldspar quarry, then an outcrop of nearly horizontal beds of a sedimentary
siltstone, and finally an outcrop of metamorphic rock.

Rocks and Weather
Number: VC1056 Grade Level: J/H Length: 20 min.
Everybody knows it’s impossible to control the weather: however this hasn’t stopped people
from inventing innumerable ways of predicting it, from interpreting the behavior of cows to
watching for the color of the sky n the morning and night. Some of these theories may be fairly
accurate, but it’s better to look at why weather behaves the way it does. A key element of
weather is the water cycle, the process by which water evaporates, precipitates, and returns to the
lakes and oceans. Weather plays a bigger rode in our environment than just leaving a few
puddles around. Rain erodes rock and soil, dramatically altering the landscape. Plants slow this
erosion, but with the present rate of destruction of our planet’s greenery, much of our fertile
topsoil is destined to end up settled on the ocean floor.

Rollercoasters: The Search for the Ultimate Thrill Ride
Number: VC1389 Grade Level: J/H Length: 50 min.
This video documents the evolution of rollercoasters from their beginnings in Russia to the ones
we have today.

Running Water - Erosion, Deposition and Transportation
Number: VC32 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 30 min.
The program looks at how a stream can carry materials either in solution, suspension or bed load.
It then looks at various physical features in youthful, mature and old age rivers. It also
investigates erosional and depositional features of these streams, discusses flood plain features
and looks at various drainage features including dendritic, radial and rectangular patterns. The
program then investigates antecedent and subsequent streams.

Satellites
Number: VC1466 Grade Level: J/H Length: 50 min.
This video documents the evolution of rockets and satellites from the beginning to their use in
communications, weather forecasting and intelligence gathering. This video was produced by the
History Channel.

Save the Panda
Number: VC77 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 60 min.
High in the bamboo forested mountain ranges of central China lives the elusive and endangered
giant panda. Over time, their numbers have dwindled due to human encroachment and climatic
changes. Join scientists as they track these rare creatures through nearly impenetrable bamboo in
an effort to learn more about the panda and ultimately increase its chances of survival.

Science as Inquiry for Children
Number: VC1619 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 23 min.
In this program two young students find themselves trapped in their science classroom after
everyone has left for the day. The young scientists must use the skills they have learned in
science class to help them escape. As they delve into the scientific process, they encounter
Benjamin Franklin, Marie Curie, and George Washington Carver, who help them explore the
principles of investigation and learn how to use their observations to build knowledgeable
explanations for the questions they pose. This video is a fun, exciting way to help young
students develop an understanding and appreciation of the exciting world of science! This
program is based on the concepts outlined in the National Science Education Standards for
Science as Inquiry: Abilities Necessary to Do Scientific Inquiry and Understanding About
Scientific Inquiry. (Close-Captioned)
Science as Inquiry in Action
Number: VC1620 Grade Level: 5-8 Length: 23 min.
Attempting to create the ultimate science project, a frustrated student receives assistance from a
group of knowledgeable scientists. Some of the world’s greatest scientific thinkers provide well-
needed insight about the different projects through the process of “Science as Inquiry.” Through
engaging examples, viewers will learn how scientific evidence and explanation play important
roles in scientific inquiry. Students will trace the path of scientific inquiry—guided by
knowledge, observations, ideas and questions—as they combine scientific reasoning and critical
thinking. This video is a perfect way to encourage the pursuit of scientific discovery. This
program is based on the concepts outlined in the National Science Education Standards for
Science as Inquiry: Abilities Necessary to Do Scientific Inquiry and Understanding About
Scientific Inquiry. (Close-Captioned)

Scientific Problem Solving
Number: VC1501 Grade Level: I/J Length: 17 min.
Understanding Science is a thought provoking series designed to aid the instructor in explaining
difficult scientific concepts in an easy to understand format. The presenter, D. Science, bring the
central focus to the student in a fun way that is perfect for introducing basic scientific concepts.

Screws (Based on the Book by David Macaulay, The Way Things Work)
Number: VC87 (DVD) Grade Level: 3-6 Length: 13 min.
Inhabitants of Mammoth Island are in the process of building a new observation tower out of
stone blocks when one of the Islanders get trapped at the top. With the help of a visiting gallant
knight and his trusty mammoth, they are able to build a ramp around the circular structure and
create a giant simple machine known as a screw. Turning the tower into a giant screw allows
the Islanders to spin the tower down into the soil, bringing the trapped inhabitant of Mammoth
Island close to the ground--saving the day! cc

Seashores
Number: VC606 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 25 min.
This video discusses the shaping of the shore line, the vegetation that grows, and the animals that
live there.

Seasons
Number: VC1032 Grade Level: P Length: 15 min.
Viewers jump aboard the magic toy box and find out exactly what happens in spring, summer,
autumn and winter.

Seasons in the Woodlands
Number: VC883 Grade Level: P/I/J/H Length: 20 min.
This video explores the deciduous woodlands. It is the forest that makes up the woodlands of the
eastern half of the United States, reaching northward into the lower parts of the eastern Canadian
Provinces and throughout western North America as smaller forests scattered among the
mountain foothills and along river bottoms.
Seasons of the Elk
Number: VC150 Grade Level: J/H Length: 20 min.
This video examines with accuracy, beauty and intimacy the life story of elk through four
seasons. It shows majestic mountains that are the elk's habitat and the animals that share it.

Seasons of the White-Tailed Deer
Number: VC573 Grade Level: P/I/J/H Length: 20 min.
This video describes the life of a deer, his habitat and characteristic.

Secret of the Pond, The
Number: VC550 Grade Level: P/I Length: 12 min.
In the Secret of the Pond, a lively group of eight-year olds follow their guide, Jim, to discover a
number of interesting and unique life forms, and one of the oldest secrets in the world.

Secrets of the Ant and Insect World: Secrets of Life Series
Number: VC428 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 13 min.
Microphotography allows a revealing look at the highly structured, specialized ant society.
Watch as ants work in regimented groups to gather and store food, carve out underground
communities, and protect themselves against attack.

Secrets of the Plant World: Secrets of life Series
Number: VC430 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 15 min.
Time-lapse photography reveals nature's various methods for plant life propagation. The
maturing seeds' and plants' actual reactions to sunshine and moisture are shown in vivid detail.

Secrets of the Underwater World: Secrets of Life Series
Number: VC431 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 16 min.
Introduce students to life beneath the water's surface with this video that examines the curious
habits of those animals that inhabit tidal fringes, fresh water, and shallow seas.

Sedimentary Rock
Number: VC432 Grade Level: J/H Length: 17 min.
Sedimentary rock comes in many forms, accounting for 75% of all the rock on earth, literally
holding much of the world together. This video shows how sedimentary rock is formed in bodies
of water from bits of sand, clay, and decomposed shell. It explains how layers of settled material,
called strata, become sedimentary rock when extraordinary pressure and a calcium based
substance combine over an extremely long period of time.

Seeds
Number: VC608 Grade Level: P/I/J Length: 25 min.
To expand student understanding of: basic seed structures and functions; seed contributions to
the life, reproduction, dissemination, and survival of familiar plant groups.

Seeds and Seasons
Number: VC1206 Grade Level: P/I Length: 10 min.
The natural progression from plant to seed and back to plant again is a fascinating cycle to
children. Seeds and Seasons illustrates this cycle in a simple and delightful yet thorough fashion,
using remarkable stop-motion photography to speed up growth. we see a sunflower dying in the
fall, dropping its seeds to lie protected under the winter snow, budding and sprouting in the
spring, flowering and again producing seeds in summer. We watch the sunflower petals as they
open to display hundreds of tiny flowers in the center ring. The innermost structure of the
sunflower is revealed, along with the roles of birds, insects, bees, sun, and rain.

Seeds Scatter
Number: VC1205 Grade Level: P/I Length: 14 min.
Introduces students to the seed dispersal adaptations and techniques of flowering plants and
trees. The program shows how nine different seeds make use of wind, water, animals, or the
mechanisms of their own plants for dispersal. Time-lapse photography allows students to watch
the complete flowering, ripening, scattering process and see in close detail the plant's or seed's
adaptation for dispersal: the parachute of the dandelion; the bract of the linden seed; the
"slingshot" of the wild geranium. Presented are dispersal agents, adaptations, and both
techniques and reasons for dispersal.

Shark
Number: VC995 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 35 min.
Do sharks deserve their vicious reputation? How can a shark swim without a bone in its body?
Peer into the murky world of the shark and learn what motivates these fascinating creatures.
Discover a shark that can fit in your hand and a shark that eats only plankton, and learn that not
all sharks are killing machines.

Sharks
Number: VC238 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 60 min.
Sharks - the sleek, beautiful and deadly hunters of the deep - have frightened and fascinated
people from earliest times. They seem to have a special hold on our imaginations, and to touch
some primitive chord of terror in the dark corners of our minds. It documents the efforts of
scientists to better understand these extraordinary killers, and to learn more of their behavior.

Sheep Crossing
Number: VC1692                 Grade Level: P/I              Length: 26 min.
With on-location footage of farms and fairs throughout New England, children explore the world
of sheep and wool The video features children working with young lambs, border collies at
work and a visit to spinneries to discover how yarn is made.

Sheep, Sheep, Sheep
Number: VC977 Grade Level: P Length: 15 min.
Moods, rhythms and images of sheep are shown on this video. Grazing sheep, a river of soft
wool, shuffle, gather, chew their cud, sleep, and ewes call their lambs.

Simple and Compound Machines
Number: VC1500 Grade Level: I Length: 15 min.
Simple and compound machines are a part of people’s everyday lives. Whether someone is
driving, hammering a nail into wood, cutting a piece of paper, or riding a bicycle, he or she is
using machines. Simple and Compound machines provides a detailed discussion of how
machines help people do work. Students will be intrigued by the information presented in this
entertaining and educational video.

Simple Machines
Number: VC474 Grade Level: P/I Length: 14 min.
Introduce youngsters to basic concepts of Mechanical physics with this graphic, easy-to-
understand presentation. This film illustrates various kinds of simple machines (levers, pulleys,
inclined planes), describes their functions, and shows their practical uses in the context of daily
life.

Simple Machine (Physical Science in Action)
Number: VC89 (DVD) Grade Level: 5-8 Length: 23 min.
This DVD uses engaging visual and colorful graphics to explain the concept of work and how
humans use certain basic tools to help make work easier. Students learn that work happens when
a force is used to move an object over a distance. Simple machines are used to either reduce the
force or increase the distance over which the force is exerted. Six simple machines are
explained: the lever, the wheel and axle, the pulley, the inclined plane, the screw and the
wedge. Real-life demonstrations are used to teach concepts such as effort force, resistance force
and mechanical advantage. In a fun, hands-on activity, students construct their own pulley
system and measure mechanical advantage for themselves.

Simple Machines: Bill Nye the Science Guy
Number: VC59 (DVD) Grade Level: 4 and up Length: 26 min.
In Simple Machines, Bill Nye careens around on a roller coaster and furiously pedals his bike on
the Tour de Science to show that simple machines doing complicated things can be found
everywhere. cc

Simple Machines Series: Inclined Planes
Number: VC354 Grade Level: I/J Length: 12 min.
This clever and humorous program clarifies and demonstrates how slope of an incline plane
affects the amount of inclined plane affects the amount of force and distance needed to move
objects.

Simple Machines Series: Levers
Number: VC374 & VC1245 Grade Level: I/J Length: 12 min.
Our prehistoric hero demonstrates the workings of the lever in this whimsical video. Viewers
learn that a lever can be any bar that tips back and forth on a point (fulcrum) and that a lever
exchange distance for force or force for distance and speed. Applications in many devices and
body parts are depicted in an amusing series of clever illustrations.

Simple Machines Series: Pulleys
Number: VC414 Grade Level: I/J Length: 12 min.
Straightforward diagrams of the individual segments of a pulley are combined with humorous,
practical applications of fixed and moving pulleys as our intrepid caveman adapts these simple
machines to Stone Age life.
Simple Machines Series: Wheels and Axles
Number: VC484 Grade Level: I/J Length: 12 min.
Suppose you had to transport a mammoth uphill. That's one of the dilemmas our caveman must
solve in this humorous film that demonstrates how wheels and axles make it possible for things
to roll, making heavy work easier. Delightful examples make clear the exchange between force
and distance made possible by using wheels and axles.

Simple Machines Series: Working Together
Number: VC493 Grade Level: I/J Length: 12 min.
To understand what happens when simple machines work together, one has to know the basic
things they all do separately. The concepts of input and output, work and mechanical advantage
are illustrated through clever animation.

Skywatching: A Video Guide to the Daytime Sky
Number: VC1174 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 40 min.
Anyone who has ever wondered why the sky is blue or has shared a brilliant sunset will want to
see Skywatching. Anyone who’s ever wondered how thunder and lightning happen and why
tornadoes occur will also want to see Skywatching. This is a beautiful, visual depiction of the
daytime sky accompanied by a narrative filled with facts and folklore on the sky, the sun, clouds,
weather and weather hazards. Combining research done with a meteorologist from the National
Weather Service and numerous historical, literary and mythological references, Skywatching is a
video that’s as entertaining and educational for adults as it is for young people.

Snakes, Scorpions and Spiders: Animals and Plants of North America Series
Number: VC438 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 15 min.
The shortgrass prairie is also home for three of man's most feared and misunderstood creatures -
snakes, scorpions, and spiders. Snakes emerge from winter dens to mate and give birth;
scorpions battle ants and eat crickets, carrying offspring on their backs; and wolf, pumping,
craw, and black widow spiders populate the prairie.

Solar Sea
Number: VC1688               Grade Level: I/J/H            Length: 60 min.
This video presents an unprecedented view of a power beyond the grasp of human imagination.
Experience the amazing effect of solar wind raging through the cosmos at a million miles per
hour. Look down from outer space at the fiery ring of gases known as Aurora Borealis. Bear
witness to the awesome power of the solar sea’s sunspots and flares in the most dazzling light
show ever seen from Planet Earth.

Solar System…a New Look
Number: VC1175 Grade Level: I Length: 20 min.
This video takes students on a 20-minute inspiring journey that challenges them and enriches
science curricula. Utilizing exciting NASA footage students are presented with a dramatic
picture at the solar system—from the intense radiation at the Sun, to the cold isolation at Pluto.

Solids, Liquids and Gases
Number: VC1057        Level: J/H Length: 20 min.
Substances can be sorted into solids, liquids, and gases. But how is it determined whether a
substance is a solid, liquid, or gas? Or something in between? This interactive program explores
basic ideas about the identification and classification of matter as examples are given and
classroom experiments are demonstrated. By investigating how water exists as a solid, liquid
and gas, viewers experience then relationship between the change of state as it corresponds to the
change of temperature. Examples of the combination and the simple separation of different
states of matter are given. questions are raised about the disposal of waste material and the
importance of separation of substances in the process, especially with industrial waste.

Solids, Liquids and Gases
Number: 1326 Level: I/J/H Length: 22 min.
This video uses a variety of techniques to be both informative and entertaining. The program
illustrates important concepts with examples relating to students' own lives. Computer graphics
and animation clarify key points. In addition, the video shows children performing experiments
and demonstrations that students themselves can perform, either in class or at home. In this way,
the video promotes active participation, on the part of the viewer, in the scientific process.

Space: The Path to the Future
Number: VC448 Grade Level: J/H Length: 28 min.
This video traces America's progress during the first 25 years of space exploration. Since the
formation of the NASA during the Eisenhower Administration, research and discoveries have
had a dramatic impact on the quality of life on earth. All the wonder, mystery, and spectacle of
America's successes, as well as some tragic failures, are chronicled. NASA film includes
exciting footage of Mercury, Gemini, Apollo and Saturn.

Spider: Animal Families Series
Number: VC1208 Grade Level: P/I Length: 11 min.
Joins a spider as it spins its web and explains the uses for this web. Your students will learn the
differences between a spider and other insects and how a spider eats.

Spiders
Number: VC1185 Grade Level: P/I Length: 30 min.
The spider's web is its home and hunting ground for food. Explore the activities of the orb web
spider, how it uses the silk it produces, and its eating habits. The diving spider, which lives its
entire life underwater, is also shown in detail in this video.

Spiders and Scorpions (Bug City Series)
Number: VC1641 Grade Level: 1-6 Length: 23 min.
Found in virtually every climate and habitat, spiders are arachnids (not insects), and this program
examines all facets of spider life—webs and the spider’s use of silk, eating habits, growth and
molting, mating habits and care of the young. Scorpions, resembling miniature lobsters, are
relatives of the spider and they each possess a poisonous stinger. The program reviews the
lifestyle of scorpions and later presents tips on creating a spider habitat for common house or
garden spiders. (Close-Captioned)
Spreading the Pollen
Number: VC1046 Grade Level: P/I Length: 15 min.
Flowers live all over the world. Each species has a unique color, shape and smell. Flowers also
use different ways to spread their pollen. They depend on the wind, bees, butterflies, moths, birds
and other animals. In return, animals depend on the flowers for food. Viewers will learn several
unique adaptations that force insects to pick up pollen from one flower and deposit it on another,
and be able to recognize the interdependence of plants and animals.

Spring: Through the Seasons With Birds Series
Number: VC1033 Grade Level: P Length: 14 min.
Spring means the return of migrating birds, the building of nets, and the starting of families.
Viewers are able to see a wide variety of birds in this program, and learn how and when they lay
their eggs, build their nests, claim their territories, and sing their songs. Warblers, hawks, geese,
great horned owls, and robins are all shown enjoying the spring season.

Spring Comes to the Forest
Number: VC1224 Grade Level: P/I Length: 11 min.
The Spring sun melts the winter snow and buds uncurl, until the forest floor is overcome with
flowers. Animals are once again in sight. Birds return from their winter migration, mammals
come out of hibernation and other animals emerge from their protective homes. They emerge to
mate and bear young. Delightful scenes of baby animals will charm a young audience. Especially
appealing are the scenes of baby opossums riding on their mother's back and of fox cubs
frolicking.

Stand and Deliver: A True Story about a Modern Miracle
Number: VC1642Grade Level: H Length: 103 min.
This moving, acclaimed crowd pleaser is the dynamic sage of real-life heroes determined to
conquer a foe few people dare to confront: the National Advanced Placement Calculus Exam.
Edward James Olmos give a performance of fire and grit as Jaime Escalante, a math teacher at
East Los Angeles’ Garfield High who refuses to write off his inner-city kids who were struggling
with fractions to become math whizzes.

Storms
Number: VC450 Grade Level: P/I Length: 14 min.
In this video children learn about basic forces of weather by watching demonstrations that use
everyday objects to illustrate such concepts as rising air, falling cool air, and the water cycle. The
graphic animation illustrates causes of lightning, thunder and tornadoes, while satellite views of
hurricanes show their swirling winds. It also demonstrates safety measures to follow if in is
caught outdoors in a storm, as well as precautions to take indoors.

Story of the Woodland Stream
Number: VC552 Grade Level: P/I Length: 15 min.
From the stream, the children learn the basic facts about the water cycle and erosion.

Summer: Through the Seasons With Birds Series
Number: VC1034 Grade Level: P Length: 14 min.
Summer is an easy season for birds. Thanks to the sun, food from plants is plentiful, and insects
abound. This program shows a wide variety of birds enjoying the summer, including
hummingbirds, baby hawks, and mourning doves. Viewers will see the different ways that birds
keep cool, and the many kinds of nests that they build.

T. V. History of Idaho: Land
Number: VC510 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 55 min.
This is a geological look at Idaho's land. It looks at animal fossils in southern Idaho and plant
fossils in Clarkia as well as the rock formations.

T. V. History of Idaho: Resources
Number: VC514 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 55 min
This video begins by explaining that the first resource utilized in Idaho was its fur bearing
animals. It goes on to explore all the resources in Idaho such as mining and timbering.

T. V. History of Idaho: Water: The Essential Resource
Number: VC515 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 55 min.
Early settlers put a high value on water. This video addresses the importance of water in Idaho
and how it is used.

Tadpoles, Dragonflies, and the Caterpillar's Big Change
Number: VC27 Grade Level: P Length: 35 min.
GeoKids puppets learn about metamorphosis (a big change). They look at the following
animals: caterpillar, tadpole, salamander, koala, dragonfly, and mosquito. (1205)

The Telephone: A Quest for Instant Communication
Number: VC1467 Grade Level: J/H length: 50 min.
This video explains the evolution of communication from smoke signals to the telegraph to the
telephone. This video was produced by the History Channel.

Television: Window to the World
Number: VC1468 Grade Level: J/H length: 50 min.
The theme of the 1939 World's Fair was the "World of Tomorrow." It was there the NBC
announced the advent of scheduled, broadcast television. TV ultimately transformed
entertainment and revolutionized the way we see the world. In the beginning, people were slow
to accept it. This video chronicles the incredible story of television, from the vision of Philo
Farnsworth, a Utah farm boy who developed the first working system in 1925, to the latest
technological breakthroughs that are transforming the medium. Interview with media moguls and
TV personalities, including Walter Cronkite, provide an insider's look at the huge industry TV
has become. Broadcast pioneers recall the patent battles and competing systems that defined the
early years of television.

Thinking Machines: The Creation of the Computer
Number: VC1469 Grade level: J/H Length: 50 min.
This video explains the creation and evolution of the computer. It gives a lot of history behind
why the computer was needed and how that came about. This video was produced by the History
Channel.

Thomas Edison and the Electric Light
Number: VC1333 Grade Level: P/I/J Length: 30 min.
Never was genius more fun! Thomas Edison opens up the laboratory of America’s most
celebrated inventor and invites you to explore its secrets. This fast-paced, bird’s eye view of
Edison’s legendary career takes you behind the scenes to reveal the hard work and sheer
excitement of daily discoveries with “The Wizard of Menlo Park.” Sprinkled with humor and
packed with little-known, fascinating details about the pressure-packed search for a working
electric light bulb, this informative and entertaining video will help you see for yourself why
Edison quipped, “Genius is about one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration.”

Tick Tock: All About the Clock
Number: VC822 Grade Level: P/I Length: 15 min.
After viewing the program, students will: recognize that clocks come in many forms and styles;
differentiate between mechanical clocks and electrical clocks; be able to tell time, using both
conventional clock faces and digital displays; recognize the hour hand, minute hand, and second
hand on a clock face and understand how these units of time relate to each other; understand the
principles behind sundials, sand clocks, water clocks, and candle clocks; know what a stopwatch
is and what its uses are; comprehend how the Earth's rotation, and its position in relation to the
sun, cause day and night.

Tops and Yo-Yos
Number: VC1593 Grade Level: I/J              Length: 35 min.
These delightful toys are marvels of physics! This outstanding Nova video teaches your students
about the forces that keep a top spinning!

Tornado Below
Number: VC1707 Grade Level:                  Length: 15 min.
This is from the Application Satellites--Weather Series from NASA Central Operation of
Resource for Educators (CORE). (1205)

Towers: The Space Needle to the Stratosphere
Number: VC1391 Grade Level: J/H Length: 50 min.
They are the tallest, most innovative, most thrilling structures on earth. From the Space Needle in
Seattle to the recently constructed Stratosphere in Las Vegas, each of history's great towers
shattered the architectural boundaries of its day. indeed, Toronto's astonishing CN Tower, six
times as tall as the Statue of Liberty, is still the earth's tallest building, 20 years after its
construction. In this fascinating program, architects and historians tell the behind-the-scenes
stories of the guest to push buildings higher and higher into the heavens. Rare film footage offers
a dizzying look at these towers' death-defying construction. A special camera provides a front
tow seat onboard the Stratosphere's incredible 900-foot-high roller coaster.

Trees: How We Identify them
Number: VC763 Grade Level: I/J Length: 11 min.
To illustrate the various ways of identifying trees and motivate students to make a more intensive
study of them, starting with the trees in their own community.

Trumpeter Swans Return
Number: VC232 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 20 min.
In the wildlife paradise of North America before the population of humans pushed into it, the
trumpeter swans were wide spread, nesting through Northern areas and wintering from the East
and West Coasts to the Gulf areas. By 1933 the trumpeter swan in the lower 48 states was
thought to be on the brink of extinction when less than 100 remained. Now a large flock of 500
to 600 swans live in areas of Montana, Wyoming, and Idaho.

Tunnels
Number: VC1392 Grade Level: J/H Length: 50 min.
An engineering feat first attempted in Babylonian times, tunnels are an integral part of twentieth
century society. Yet they remain among the most dangerous projects ever undertaken. Here are
the stories of the world's great tunnels, of the genius of men and the marvels of machinery. From
Brunel and Greathead's ingenious shield which allowed them to borrow under the Thames, to
Clifford Holland, who overcame nature with technology to excavate his 8,463 foot path below
the Hudson, few of the great architects lived to see their dreams completed. Perishing in greater
numbers were 'sandhogs,' workers who labored beneath unforgiving waters to forge these
indispensable subterranean arteries. Finally, witness the construction of New York's new water
tunnel, inching forward even as the death toll climbs.

Two Little Owls
Number: VC784 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 20 min.
This video shares a nest-side vigil watching the everyday events, neighbors, and growth of two
young great horned owl chicks as their parents care for them.

Understanding our Earth: Rocks and Minerals
Number: VC1248 Grade Level: I/J Length: 12 min.
A geologist who turned a hobby into a career explains how he uses rocks as clues to find out
about the earth. These clues tell us a lot about the way the earth has changed over millions of
years in the past—and how it may change in the future. He uses clear, concise examples to
illustrate the formation of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. The explanation of rock
classification provides an excellent stimulus for rock hounds in the classroom.

Understanding Weather: Winds
Number: VC1223 Grade Level: I Length: 13 min.
Being invisible, the wind cannot be directly observed, but its effects certainly can be seen in
bending trees, spraying waters and swirling sands. Wesley, an animated character, then comes to
understand that wind directions and speed vary with terrain. City winds change directions
because of numerous obstacles, while open land and ocean winds generally follow more constant
patterns. High altitude winds travel faster, often in currents called jet streams, much like rivers
of air in the sky. Being a curious investigator, Wesley, of course, wants to know what gets wind
blowing in the first place. His instructor deftly demonstrates how the meeting of air masses of
different temperatures can start air moving. As land and ocean areas heat unevenly, warmer air
rises and cooler air rushes in behind. This can occur in very predictable ways around the globe
in the great bands of winds that circle our planet.

Universe (The), Explore the Stars, Planets, and Galaxies Beyond!
Number: VC95 Grade Level: I/J Length: 30 min.
This NASA film takes you on a journey to the farthest reaches of the universe. Starting with an
in-depth look at our own incredible solar system and all of its planets, you will travel ever
outward through the Milky Way Galaxy into the vast islands of stars beyond.

Universe: How Was the Universe Born?
Number: VC997 Grade Level: J/H Length: 10 min.
The greatest drama of all is to try to understand the Universe as a whole. We can only begin to
try to grasp its vastness and to study all the strange things we find in it. Some of these things -
quasars, pulsars, and black holes - we didn't even dream of until the last few decades. This
program explores various theories of the Universe, including the Expanding Universe and the
Big Bang.

Universe: Our Milky Way and Other Galaxies
Number: VC998 Grade Level: J/H Length: 10 min.
At night, when we look up at the sky, we can see thousands of stars with our unaided eyes. With
telescopes, astronomers have seen billions more. Our sun is just one star in the midst of these
billions, but it is part of a vast group of stars that has a shape and structure of its own. Far beyond
our star group are billions more of such groups of stars. These groups are called galaxies. What
happens when galaxies explode? What happens when they collide? Is it possible for one galaxy
to swallow up another? Do galaxies have black holes at their centers? These are a few of the
fascinating questions explored in this program.

Universe: Quasars, Pulsars, and Black Holes
Number: VC1000 Grade Level: J/H Length: 10 min.
Fifty years ago, the Universe seemed quite a stable place. The stars seemed serene and
unchanging. Now we know that stars can explode and leave behind bits of themselves that do
amazing things. These bits are called neutron stars, or pulsars. We know that galaxies can have
incredibly active centers, called quasars, and that there can be black holes in space. Everything
can fall into them, but nothing can come out! This program examines the factual and theoretical
nature of such stellar phenomena as quasars, pulsars, and black holes.

Universe: The Birth and Death of Stars
Number: VC999 Grade Level: J/H Length: 10 min.
We have come to understand that the Universe changes. It may not seem so to us because the
changes are so slow. However, stars come into being and are born; they change and grow older;
and eventually, they come to an end, sometimes in violent ways. In this program, we will
consider how stars are born and how they die.

Uses of Rocks and Minerals
Number: VC1499 Grade Level: I Length: 16 min.
In the crust of the earth rocks and minerals abound; many have important uses that help to allow
human society to function comfortably. In the video students will follow rocks and minerals
from the mines in which they are obtained to the factories in which they are processed to produce
many important and sometimes frivolous objects, including cars, jewelry, asphalt, windows, and
bricks.

Vanishing Forests
Number: VC1019 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 21 min.
Explore the wonders of Earth's diverse and biologically rich forests and understand why their
global destruction represents the most serious ecological crisis of our time. Timely and packed
with exciting, full-motion video from forests around the world, Vanishing Forests offers steps
each of us can take to slow the spread of deforestation.

Visions of Adventure: Maps & Globes
Number: VC780 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 25 min.
In this video you will be guided through: History of maps - development of maps, understanding
the earth as a sphere; Globes - first globes, types of globes, Latitude/Longitude -
magnetic/natural poles, time zones/international date line; Types of maps - political,
geographical, topographical.

Visions of Adventure: the Seven Seas
Number: VC782 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 25 min.
In this video you will learn about the Oceans of the world. Beautiful, devastating, ever changing,
providing most of the Earth's supply of oxygen, precipitation, and an abundance of food.

Visions of Idaho: Agriculture
Number: VC1306 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 20 min.
This is part of a 15-episode video tape history of Idaho for fourth graders.

Visions of Idaho: Geology
Number: VC1297 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 20 min.
This is part of a 15-episode video tape history of Idaho for fourth graders.

Volcano
Number:VC1670          Grade Level: I/J       Length: 35 min.
Volcano explodes the myths surrounding our planet’s violent nature. Journey to the most
inhospitable regions of the earth, where rock melts and all life trembles. Witness the destructive
effects of volcanoes and earthquakes and the life-giving results of their aftermath. (Closed
Captioned)

Volcano!
Number: VC78 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 60 min.
Imagine yourself walking amidst molten lava, deadly gases, and 2,000 degree heat on an active
volcano. For more than 20 years, Maurice and Katia Krafft have traveled the world pursuing just
such adventure. From Iceland to Hawaii, from Africa to Indonesia, these combination
volcanologists/filmmakers are usually the first to reach the scene of an eruption. Join them, just
an arms length away from a fiery blast, as they risk their lives to document the birth of a volcano.
Be a part of this daring team and witness the unforgettable power of the earth in Volcano!

Volcano: Nature’s Inferno
Number: VC16           58Grade Level: 4-9 Length: 59 min.
Travel around the world for a firsthand look at volcanoes—perhaps the most dazzling but
destructive natural force on earth. Massive volcanic eruption can turn day into night, releasing
the power of an atomic blast, spewing toxic avalanches of lava, gas, and ash. National
Geographic Video transports you to some of the world’s most notorious volcanoes, including
Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines and Japan’s Mount Unzen. Join volcanologists in their
dangerous quest to forecast eruptions and save lives, putting you in the middle of the explosive
excitement and human drama of Volcano: Nature’s Inferno. (Closed Captioned)

Volcanoes of the United States
Number: VC31 Grade Level: H Length: ? min.
The program focuses on the major areas in the United States where volcanic activity has
occurred. It discusses the different types of volcanoes and where each type is located.
Interviews with geologists from the United States Geological Survey explain the relationship
between plate tectonics and volcanism.

Volcanoes: Understanding the Hazards
Number: VC1022 Grade Level: J/H Length: 20 min.
Discover the explosive power of volcanoes and the hazards they pose to millions of people
around the world. Expert interviews and on-location footage of volcanoes from the United
States, Japan, the Philippines, and Iceland reveal how volcanologists are monitoring volcanoes to
predict eruptions and save lives.

Voyage of the SS Columbia: Just Short of a Miracle
Number: VC476 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 22 min.
The successful launch and touchdown of the Columbia, America's first space shuttle, removed a
major barrier to space exploration. This exciting program takes viewers through the long and
vexing period of development, onto the launching pad and into orbit with astronauts Crippen and
Young.

Water and Weather
Number: VC1120 Grade Level: All Length: 30 min.
This volume answers questions that have always puzzles children about water and weather.
Included are questions such as: Why do we have different seasons? How does the weatherman
know what to say? What is a rainbow? Why does thunder follow lightning? What is the
difference between a hurricane and a tornado? Why do winds have different names? What is
dew? Why do snowflakes have six sides? What is water? How were the oceans formed? What
is the Gulf Stream? What is the deepest ocean?

Water Cycle, The
Number: VC529 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 11 min.
The video dramatically presents water - its commonness, importance, and uses. The abundance
of water, but the relative scarcity of usable water, is emphasized. The water cycle, its efficiency
and importance are presented.

Water in Our Backyard
Number: VC1703 Grade Level: J/H Length: 26 min.
This is a video documentary about the serious problem of water pollution in inner cities, where
people are eating fish from polluted waterways. Some people fish in polluted inner city
waterways and feed their families the fish, because they need the food and because they come
from cultures where fish is a staple in the diet. Some of these people eat the whole fish,
consuming more pollutants. This documentary explains the dangers of eating polluted fish and
swimming in polluted water. Interviews with Drs. Theo Colborn ('Our Stolen Future') and Mary
Obrien speak about the danger, particularly to children.

Water Wheels
Number: VC1594 Grade Level: I/J           Length: 40 min.
These simple machines provide extraordinary lessons on efficiency, speed, rotation, force, and
much more.

Water Works
Number: VC1060 Grade Level: K-6 Length: 28 min.
The Great Lakes basin is the largest fresh water system in the world. Approximately 1/3 of all
Canadians and 1/10 of all Americans and countless species of animals depend on the water it
provides. Exploring one area of the basin, Dr. Suzuki and the children meet “Johnny Biosphere”
who takes them down winding trails to the floor of the Niagara Gorge to discover how it was
formed. They look at the role of water in the biosphere, focusing on its uses and abuses, and
board a research ship traveling to Hamilton Harbor to discover what is being done to remedy
those abuses.

We Explore the Beach
Number: VC1249 Grade Level: I/J Length: 12 min.
A beginning look at the eco-systems of a beach is provided by the interaction of a marine
biologist and two beachcombing children. Basic concepts are defined and explained through the
three characters’ mutual experiences. Plants and animals found on the beach are related to their
distinctive environments. Finally, the damaging effect of the human population on the ecology
of the beach is shown by examples of pollution, both individual and industrial.

Weather
Number: VC1256 Grade Level: I/J Length: 35 min.
This video takes you on a whirlwind tour of Earth’s turbulent atmosphere and reveals the forces
that make the day fair or foul. From hurricane to heat wave, weather is the most closely watched
wild card in nature—yet it still baffles us.

Weather: A Film for Beginners
Number: VC1061 Grade Level: K-6 Length: 14 min.
Through simple, basic experiments performed by primary grade students, we see the role of the
sun in creating changes in the weather. Animated graphics illustrate the concepts of convection,
energy, the causes of wind, the causes of thunder and lightning, as well as how water becomes
condensation in the form of rain, fog, snow and sleet.

Weather and Climate
Number: VC1125 Grade Level: All Length: 15 min.
This volume answers questions that students ask concerning “Weather and Climate.” Examples
are: What is Weather? What is Climate? What causes the changes in Seasons? What is
Atmosphere? What is Precipitation? What is a Hurricane? What is a Monsoon? What is a
Subtropical Climate? What is Permafrost?

Weather Systems
Number: VC1255 Grade Level: All Length: 22 min.
This video explains the weather systems and its forms: How weather affects our lives,
atmosphere, air density, radiant energy, convection currents, barometer-air masses, winds-
clouds-storms. Experiments are conducted to demonstrate each subject discussed. Lab safety
procedures are presented and used during the program.

Weathering and Erosion
Number: VC33 Grade Level: J/H Length: 20 min. (DVD Format)
Understand how water, wind, gravity, and temperature changes contribute to the breakdown and
transportation of earth materials. See how these elements of nature combine forces to produce
physical and chemical weathering, create soils, and alter the Earth's crust into varied and
spectacular landforms.

Welcome to Mars: NASA's ongoing search for life beyond Earth
Number: VC170 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 60 min.
This video follows the adventures of Spirit and Opportunity on the red planet. Once again,
NOVA's producers enjoyed unprecedented access to the mission scientists at JPL as they
wrestled with the technical crises that soon beset the rovers. All goes well until Spirit suddenly
falls silent and then, inexplicably, starts spewing gibberish. For three agonizing days the
engineers struggle to regain control of the unhinged rover before they finally solve the problem.
Then Opportunity lands and sends back the image of an outcrop of bedrock just a few yards
away. The rock turns out to be a crucial clue in the long quest to discover if there was once water
and life on Mars. But the race to collect confirming data turns into an emotional rollercoaster for
the engineers as they struggle to keep their earthly lives in synch with the longer day/night cycle
of the red planet. Eventually, the evidence adds up, and after 40 years of speculation, NASA
finally announces solid proof that Mars was once awash in water. Welcome to Mars presents a
compelling inside story of triumph and technical ingenuity, full of scientfic and human drama,
with stunning fresh images from an alien world.

Wetlands, We Need Them
Number: VC927 Grade Level: P/I/J/H Length: 20 min.
A wetlands study is a wonderful base from which to meet many interdisciplinary objectives.
Concepts in this video include energy flow (food chains), life cycles, seasonal changes, habitats,
and relating wildlife needs to conservation. Each of these concepts can be worked into
curriculum requirements for science, language arts and geography as well as being useful for
pre-field trip presentation and inviting guest speakers on wetlands.

Whale Watching: Orange County Marine Institute
Number: VC1492 Grade Level: I Length: 28 min.
Children go on exciting, fun-filled real life Field Trip invites school aged children to go on a
special guided tour "up close and personal." It encourages independent exploration with
suggested reading and resources of further information.

What Do Plants Do?: A First Film
Number: VC1219 Grade Level: P Length: 10 min.
Plants provide us with many of our basic needs: oxygen so we can breathe; materials which we
can use to build houses and make clothing; food for us to eat. In addition, plants add a beauty to
the world that is irreplaceable. There is a variety of plants; each different, each adapting to its
particular environment and helping to shape that environment. This ficeo defines the
characteristics of plants; defines the parts of plants; describes the function of plants in an
ecosystem; and describes human uses of plants.

What Do Seeds Do?: A First Film
Number: VC1220 Grade Level: P Length: 12 min.
Seeds come in many shapes and sizes, but each contains stored food and the embryo from which
the plant will grow. Carried from the parent plant by wind, water or animals, seeds grow into
seed-producing plants when they are deposited in a suitable place. In this video, students learn
about the parts of a seed; the variety of seeds; the function of seeds; and how seed fits into the
ecology of plant life. Graphics of seed parts and some unusual seeds and how they are used are
shown.

What is a Desert?: The Living Desert Series
Number: VC483 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 13 min.
Introduces and explains deserts to students with a video that shows how geographic and weather
factors such as winds, mountains, and temperature create one of nature's harshest and yet most
beautiful regions.

What on Earth
Number: VC953 Grade Level: P Length: 8 min.
The Earth is viewed from outer space, and basic characteristics like land masses and water are
explored. This video also shows how to find places on a globe and how to use a compass.

What’s Cooking
Number: VC1053 Grade Level: K-3 Length: 15 min.
Using everyday products that are created through chemical changes—such as glass and pottery—
this program illustrates how changes occur in foods and food preparation. As children are shown
cooking in the classroom, the process of change is explained and demonstrated.

What's in Your Backyard
Number: VC547 Grade Level: P/I Length: 10 min.
In this video, our enthusiastic eight-year olds find that investigation and discovery can be a great
deal of fun. And it's not necessary to travel to some far off, exotic location for the experience.
There are many exciting discoveries to be made and facts to be learned, in locations as close as
your own backyard.

Wheels and Axles (Based on the Book by David Macaulay, The Way Things Work)
Number: VC88 (DVD) Grade Level: 3-6 Length: 13 min.
Inhabitants of Mammoth Island decide to use the concept of a wheel and axle to create a feather
machine that will help them dry their mammoths. The wheel and axle is a simple machine that
makes work easier by changing the effort force needed to move an object. Aside from their
feather wheel, the Islanders discover that the wheel and axle is at work all around them--from
waterwheels and windmills to turbines and doorknobs. cc

When the Earth Quakes
Number: VC166          1Grade Level: 4-9 Length: 28 min.
Earthquakes have been recorded throughout history, and they have occurred all over the world
without warning. But despite intensive study, scientists have yet to perfect a formula for
predicting earthquakes. The frightening fact is that few regions of the world are completely safe
from seismic activity, and where quakes have struck before, they are sure to strike again. Take
an around-the-world look at earthquakes, one of nature’s deadliest forces. (Closed Captioned)

Wildlife Resources
Number: VC1279 Grade Level: I Length: 15 min.
This video opens by showing examples of wildlife of endangered species, as well as the more
commonplace plants and animals, in order to make the point that they are all valuable natural
resources. Although wildlife resources are important for many reasons, perhaps, the most
important one is the interdependence of every plant and animal and the role it plays in helping to
maintain the balanced living systems of the earth. The program goes on to define the terms
ecosystem, habitat, and niche. The concept of producers and consumers is discussed, and
examples of a food chain and food web are illustrated. The program describes some of the
reasons wildlife becomes extinct or endangered, and what implications this has for the
ecosystem. Conservation, environmental laws, wilderness areas, refuges, and parks are shown as
examples of ways to protect our wildlife resources.
This is part of the Earth’s Natural Resources series.

Wildlife Tales: Ants and Plants
Number: VC1119 Grade Level: P Length: 25 min.
To humans they may be just pests at a picnic, but to some plants, ants are crucial to survival. In
the natural world this dual-support arrangement is known as "symbiosis", a give-and-take in
which each living thing benefits from the other. The King Tree, for example, provides food and
nesting sites in exchange for the diligent pest-protection of a colony of ants, Fascinating facts
and extraordinary images will give you an amazing up-close view of this tiny wonder-world.

Wilds of Madagascar
Number: VC79 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 60 min.
Just off the east coast of Africa, Madagascar is an island unique in all the world. Separated from
the mainland 165 million years ago, Madagascar's flora and fauna have evolved in near isolation.
Join a team of naturalists as they trek to the island's remote Ankarana plateau to study the exotic
animals of this forbidding wildlife oasis. By way of enormous underground passages, you'll hike
to a sunken forest, sighting rare creatures such as the crowned lemur, the leaf-tailed gecko, and
the souimanga sunbird in The Wilds of Madagascar.

Wind (Weather Fundamentals)
Number: VC1609 Grade Level: 4-7 Length: 23 min.
Students will learn about the incredible power of wind in this program that explains how wind
occurs by describing the roles of the sun, temperature and air pressure in creating this aspect of
weather. This program explores the mechanics of measuring wind speed and direction as well as
the use of wind as an energy source. Animations of jet streams and prevailing winds help
students understand the flow of wind across the planet, and a look at seasonal and regional winds
outlines the variety of ways wind storms affect specific parts of the Earth. On location, students
will learn how hot air balloons work and how the pilot uses the wind to control the direction and
speed of the balloon. (Close-Captioned)

Winnie the Pooh Discovers the Seasons
Number: VC490 Grade Level: P/I Length: 10 min.
In this best-selling video Pooh's happy-go-lucky adventures lead naturally to an introduction of
beginning science concepts and the basic science vocabulary young students need to learn. The
video's lively format covers animal behavior, hibernation, temperature, and weather patterns - all
presented in a way that makes it easy for children to learn along with Pooh!

Winter Comes to the Forest
Number: VC1226 Grade Level: P/I Length: 11 min.
When winter comes, the forest looks cold, bare, and dead. but, if anyone looks more closely,
there are buds containing tiny leaves, the cocoon of a moth, a chickadee looking for insect eggs,
rabbit tracks in the snow, or seeds which will grow next spring. These reveal the many ways that
living things are adapted for living through the winter.

Winter: Through the Seasons With Birds Series
Number: VC1036 Grade Level: P Length: 14 min.
Winter is a season of struggle for many animals-including birds. In this program, viewers learn
about birds that don't migrate for the winter, including snowy owls, woodpeckers, robins, and
cardinal, and see how they are able to keep warn and get food. A visit to the homes of migratory
birds is provided, showing viewers the great contrast between winter in the North and winter in
the South.

Wolves, Alphabet Zoop #8
Number: VC143 Grade Level: P/I Length: 10 min.
The Washington Park Zoo presents a collection of entertaining and educational programs about
wild animals.

Wonders in a Country Stream
Number: VC979 Grade Level: P/I Length: 10 min.
Take off your shoes and socks and wade in a country stream with some inquisitive children as
they comment on turtles, water bugs, salamanders, newts, crawfish, and the like. With a
charming song and enchanting pictures, life in a stream becomes fascinating. There is no adult
narration.

Wonders of Growing Plants
Number: VC980 Grade Level: P/I Length: 14 min.
A bright, catchy song, and curious students take us on a romp through the fascinating world of
plant growth. Students discover the ways in which plants grow from stems, leaves, seeds or
roots, and time-lapse photography condenses step-by-step plant growth into minutes. This is an
exciting look at the world of plants.

World of Nature Series: Insect Disguises
Number: VC1043 Grade Level: P/I Length: 15 min.
Insects are the most common animals on the surface of the Earth. Although scientists have
named more than one million species, they think there may be more than fifty million different
types of insects. Insects are so small that they have developed unique ways of escaping from
predators. Some look dangerous. Others blend into their surroundings. Sometimes these
disguises work. At other times, the insect provides food for another animal, proving that these
methods of predation don't always work.

World of Nature Series: Monarch Butterfly: Milkweed to Mexico
Number: VC1044 Grade Level: P/I Length: 15 min.
Each fall, millions of monarch butterflies leave Ontario. They fly to Mexico, where they spend
the winter in an isolated fir forest. In the spring, they return to Ontario. Scientists are puzzled by
the monarch's migration because the butterflies that return are the grandchildren of the ones that
originally left Ontario. How do they know where to go? Is it instict, a milkweed trail, or
something else? Viewers will be able to identify and describe its life cycle.

World of Nature Series: Salmon: Upstream Battle
Number: VC1045 Grade Level: P/I Length: 15 min.
Four years after they hatch, Atlantic salmon return from the ocean to the river where they were
born. If they can survive the journey, and are not eaten by predators, they will spawn in the same
quiet waterway where they hatched. Scientists think that salmon are able to smell and taste the
waters of their home rivers. That's why modern developments such as logging and industry can
cause problems for this migratory species. Viewers will learn the ways salmon change as they
move from salt to fresh water, and map the journey of salmon from the Pacific Ocean up the
Fraser River.

World of Plants and Animal Communities, The
Number: VC163 Grade Level: P/I/J Length: 13 min.
Defines the term community. Describes some examples of interrelationships between plants and
animals in sample communities. Illustrates a food chain and explains its importance to
communities. Shows different types of communities and explains how some plants and animals
have adapted to special conditions.
Wrath of God: Tsunami-Wave Killer
Number: VC669 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 50 min.
There are no obvious warning signs. They are as awe-inspiring as they are deadly. But since the
end of World War II, more people in the United States have been killed by tsunamis than by
hurricanes. It can be a beautiful day, and within minutes the ocean can rise to an astonishing
height, bringing towers of water crashing into the shore and sweeping clean everything in its
way. TSUNAMI: KILLER WAVE is a gripping look at these natural disasters spawned by
undersea earthquakes. Extensive photos and footage document the disastrous results of lethal
waves that struck Hawaii in 1946 and 1960, killing hundreds of people and causing hundreds of
millions of dollars in damage. Hear from survivors of these disasters, and examine the latest
attempts to identify and diminish the threat they pose to this island paradise.

Zoo Animals in the Wild I
Number: VC70 Grade Level: P/I Length: 32 min.
Ostriches, Elephants, Apes, Bears, Monkeys, Baboons

Zoo Animals in the Wild II
Number: VC71 Grade Level: P/I Length: 32 min.
Rhinos, Hippos, Crocodiles, Beavers, Pelicans, Giant Turtles, Lions & Tigers.

Zoo Crew (What do you want to be when you grow up?
Number: VC1693                Grade Level: P              Length: 30 min.
Filmed at the world famous Cincinnati, San Antonio and Forth Worth Zoos, Zoo Crew shows
you the people who care for, and help conserve animals (and bugs!) from the outside world.

Zoo Day
Number: VC1210 Grade Level: P/I Length: 11 min.
Young viewers will see and learn about many exotic animals. The camera captures multiple
shots of animals from around the world, such as the kangaroo and emus of Australia; the lion,
zebra and cape buffalo of Africa; the jaguar and llama from the mountains of South America; the
black bear and orangutan of Asia; and the polar bear and snowy owl of North America. Zoos
have an important role in providing a safe home for endangered species. Those animals which
have become rare in the wild, due to over-hunting or other reasons.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:25
posted:5/18/2012
language:English
pages:74
fanzhongqing fanzhongqing http://
About