The Five Pillars of Islam The Five Pillars of Islam are the five rules that every Muslim must follow in order to live a good and responsible life according to Islam. They are like five pillars of a great building. Why are they Important? Following these rules provides the framework of a Muslim's life. They put into practice what they believe. Carrying out the Five Pillars shows that the Muslim is putting their faith first, and not just trying to fit it in around their day to day lives. The Shahadah This is the declaration of faith, which is repeated several times a day. ‘There is no God but Allah, and Muhammed is His messenger.’ These are the five daily prayers which are said in Arabic at dawn, just after midday, mid afternoon, just after sunset, and after dark. The prayers are mainly verses from the Qur’an, praising Allah and asking for forgiveness. Salah Zakah This is the Muslim obligation for those who can afford to. They give at least 2½ percent of their savings and other valuables every year to the poor. This means fasting. During the ninth Sawm Muslim month, Ramadan, Muslims eat and drink nothing during the hours of daylight. This reminds them that the good things in life are to be enjoyed but not over indulged in. It also shows equality with the poor. Hajj This means pilgrimage. Muslims hope to make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in their life, to visit the Ka’ba. This is a place of worship believed to have been built by Abraham.
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