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Bhagavad Gita As It Is (PowerPoint)

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					Bhagavad-Gita As It Is
              Chapter 13
              Text 30-35
   Body – Desire Fulfilling Machine
         Brahman Conception
 Supreme and Individual Consciousness
         Process of Liberation
 Text 30

prakṛtyaiva ca karmāṇi
kriyamāṇāni sarvaśaḥ
yaḥ paśyati tathātmānam
akartāraḿ sa paśyati

One who can see that all activities are performed
by the body, which is created of material nature,
and sees that the self does nothing, actually sees.
  Body - Desire
Fulfilling Machine
  • Body is a desire fulfilling machine designed by the
    supreme lord
  • The Body is made by material nature under the
    direction of Supersoul
  • One is forced to act for happiness or distress
    according to his bodily construction
  • The body is given according to one’s past desires
  • The self is outside all these bodily activities
  • The transcendental vision of living entity when
    developed makes one separate from bodily
    activities. Such a living entity is an actual seer.
 Text 31

yadā bhūta-pṛthag-bhāvam
eka-stham anupaśyati
tata eva ca vistāraḿ
brahma sampadyate tadā

When a sensible man ceases to see different
identities due to different material bodies and he
sees how beings are expanded everywhere, he
attains to the Brahman conception.
 Brahman
Conception
• Various bodies arise due to different desires of
  the individual soul and do not actually belong to
  the soul itself
• In the material conception of life we find some
  one demigod, human being, dog cat etc.
• This is material vision not actual vision
• Spirit Soul is one , due to contact with material
  nature gets different types of bodies
• Freed from material differentiations one becomes
  purified in his consciousness and able to develop
  Krishna Consciousness in his Spiritual Identity
 Text 32

anāditvān nirguṇatvāt
paramātmāyam avyayaḥ
śarīra-stho 'pi kaunteya
na karoti na lipyate

Those with the vision of eternity can see that the
imperishable soul is transcendental, eternal, and
beyond the modes of nature. Despite contact with
the material body, O Arjuna, the soul neither does
anything nor is entangled.
 Brahman
Conception

• Living Entity is Eternal , appears to be born
  due to the birth of the material body
• In spite of his being situated in material body,
  he is transcendental and eternal
• By nature he is sat-chit-ananda
• He never engages himself in any material
  activities, therefore the activities performed
  due to his contact with material bodies do not
  entangle him
 Text 33

yathā sarva-gataḿ saukṣmyād
ākāśaḿ nopalipyate
sarvatrāvasthito dehe
tathātmā nopalipyate

The sky, due to its subtle nature, does not mix with
anything, although it is all-pervading. Similarly, the
soul situated in Brahman vision does not mix with
the body, though situated in that body.
 Brahman
Conception

• Another example – Air enters into water, mud,
  stool etc. still it does not mix with anything
• Due to his subtle nature, living entity even
  though situated in varieties of bodies is aloof
  of them
• This vision is impossible with material eyes.
• Scientists cannot see how the living entity is in
  contact with this body and how he is out of it
  after the destruction of the body
 Text 34

yathā prakāśayaty ekaḥ
kṛtsnaḿ lokam imaḿ raviḥ
kṣetraḿ kṣetrī tathā kṛtsnaḿ
prakāśayati bhārata

O son of Bharata, as the sun alone illuminates all
this universe, so does the living entity, one within
the body, illuminate the entire body by
consciousness.
Supreme and
  Individual
Consciousness

• Consciousness is the proof of the presence of the
  soul as sunshine or light is the proof of the
  presence of the sun
• Consciousness is not a product of the
  combination of matter
• The consciousness of the living entity although
  qualitatively one with the supreme consciousness
  is not supreme
• The consciousness of one particular body does
  not share with that of another body
• But the Supersoul who is situated in all bodies as
  the friend of the individual soul is conscious of all
  bodies
 Text 35

kṣetra-kṣetrajñayor evam
antaraḿ jñāna-cakṣuṣā
bhūta-prakṛti-mokṣaḿ ca
ye vidur yānti te param

Those who see with eyes of knowledge the
difference between the body and the knower of
the body, and can also understand the process of
liberation from bondage in material nature, attain
to the supreme goal.
Process of
Liberation
• One should know the distinction between the
  body, the owner of the body and the Supersoul
• Understand the process of liberation as described
  in verses 13.8-12
• Faithful person –> good association to hear of
  God –> gradual enlightenment
• From Spiritual master one can learn to
  distinguish between matter and spirit
• Spiritual master by various instructions teaches
  his students to get free from the material concept
  of life
Summary

• Body is matter and can be analyzed by with its
  twenty-four elements
• Body is Gross manifestation, Mind and
  Psychological effects are subtle manifestations
• Symptoms of life are the interaction of these
  features
• Material world is working by the conjunction of
  the soul and the twenty-four elements
• One who can see the constitution of the whole
  material manifestation and can also see the
  situation of the Supreme Soul becomes eligible
  for transfer to the spiritual world

				
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