Ode+to+Duty by fanzhongqing


									      Ode to Duty
 William Wordsworth

By: Rehu, Hari, Theunissen &
                                 Stanza 1
Stern Daughter of the Voice of God!                  •   Line 1 Personifies and addresses 'Duty' as
                                                         the 'daughter of the voice of god'.
O Duty! if that name thou love                       •   Line 2 Either nobody quite knows her
Who art a Light to guide, a Rod                          proper name or she is known by many
                                                         names...'if that name you love'
To check the erring; and reprove;                    •   Lines 3 & 4 Wordsworth views 'Duty' as a
Thou who art victory and law                             beacon of hope for those who are prone
                                                         to error ('erring') someone who can steer
When empty terrors overawe;                              them in the right direction
From vain temptations dost set free;                 •   Lines 5-8 Describes how in difficult and
                                                         desperate times, 'Duty' will present
From strife and from despair; a                          herself so as to allow the self to fall away
glorious ministry.                                       from 'vain temptation'.

Basically, Wordsworth is just telling us a bit about 'Duty', personifying her and illustrating
how close she is to God and the purity surrounding Heaven and the like. This being because
she is apparently the daughter of God. I think that 'Duty' could just be another name for
'Nature' or 'Mother Nature' to create a personified image.
                                 Stanza 2
There are who ask not if thine eye       •                Lines 1-4 These lines are referring to
                                                          children who do not know that ‘Duty’ has
Be on them; who, in love and truth,                       her eye on them. ‘Ask not if thine eye be
                                                          on them’ confirms that WW is referring to
Where no misgiving is, rely                               children because children don’t stop to
Upon the genial sense of youth:                           think about external forces that may or
                                                          may not be playing a part in their lives
Glad Hearts! without reproach or blot;                    because of their innocent and naïve
Who do thy work, and know it not:                         minds.

May joy be theirs while life shall last! •                Lines 5-8 Drive home the relationship
                                                          between purity, heaven, and goodness to
And Thou, if they should totter, teach                    the ‘genial sense of youth’ or the ‘child
                                                          mind’ as in the line ‘Who do thy work, and
them to stand fast!                                       know it not’.
  This stanza is talking simply about children. Wordsworth says that 'There are who ask not if
   thine eye be on them' which could be referring to how their mind is so innocent that they
   don't even stop to think of any higher power around them. Also, he refers to an innocent
mind a second time: 'who do thy work, and know it not'. In the last 2 lines, Wordsworth says
 that he wants the children to have the same joy that they have now throughout their entire
lives, and he hopes that 'Duty' will save them if they falter i.e. so protect their innocence and
                   help them to resist the 'vain temptations' of the adult world.
                                 Stanza 3
Serene will be our days and bright,                     •   Lines 1-4 WW is saying that those who
                                                            follow Duty’s ways will sleep peacefully
And happy will our nature be,                               and their personality will reflect
When love is an unerring light,
                                                        •   Lines 5-8 WW writes that those who are
And joy its own security.                                   now older still maintain a connection to
And blessed are they who in the main                        their innocent and natural child minds
                                                            whilst attaining other strengths according
This faith, even now, do entertain:                         to their lives should be blessed.
Live in the spirit of this creed;
Yet find that other strength, according
to their need.
 WW seems to be trying to bridge the gap between childhood and adulthood by saying that
  all though the physical self is an adult, the mental self can still revert back to its childlike
                               Stanza 4
I, loving freedom, and untried;                        •   Lines 1-4 These are describing WW’s
                                                           attitude in the past. He has been
No sport of every random gust,                             relying on his feelings as a means of
                                                           guidance but they have lead him
Yet being to myself a guide,                               astray.
Too blindly have reposed my trust:                     •   Lines 5-8 WW just wants to live his life
Resolved that nothing e’er should press                    the way he wants to, however, he
                                                           previously believed that nothing could
Upon my present happiness,                                 affect his happiness so he shunned
                                                           ‘Duty’ and her ways. But now he is
I shoved unwelcome tasks away;                             willing to listen to ‘Duty’ if she will talk
But thee I now would serve more                            to him.

strictly, if I may.
   This stanza paints us a more distinctive picture of why WW is telling us about ‘Duty’. He
 seems to be requesting the help of ‘Duty’ because something in his life has thrown him off
                                Stanza 5
Through no disturbance of my soul,                      •   Lines 1-4 WW wants to control his
                                                            own life and not be controlled
Or strong compunction in me wrought,                        emotions that lead to his loss of
                                                            peace. He is looking for a new start.
I supplicate for thy controul;
                                                        •   Lines 5-8 These are a continuation and
But in the quietness of thought:                            further confirmation of WW’s
Me this unchartered freedom tires;                          desperation to turn his life around
                                                            with the help of ‘Duty’.
I feel the weight of chance desires:
My hopes no more must change their
I long for a repose which ever is the
 This stanza is WW’s further cries for help from ‘Duty’. He is begging for her help because he
     is desperate and because he is unsure if ‘Duty’ will provide help because of his past.
                                Stanza 6
Yet not the less would I throughout                     •   Lines 1-4 In the past WW would
                                                            rationalize his actions by claiming that
Still act according to the voice                            he was in fact properly asserting free
Of my own wish; and feel past doubt
                                                        •   Lines 5-8 Now, WW no longer wants to
That my submissiveness was choice:                          be prideful but rather he wishes to
Not seeking in the school of pride                          seek ‘a second will more wise’.

For ‘precepts over dignified,’
Denial and restraint I prize
No farther than they breed a second
Will more wise.
  WW tries to rationalise his actions by saying that he was only putting his free will to use.
 However, WW has seen the error of his ways and he wants to make it right by using ‘Duty’s’
                          opinion. Which should be the right one.
                               Stanza 7
Stern Lawgiver! yet thou dost wear       •                  Lines 1-4 WW informs us that ‘Duty’
                                                            makes/has made the laws on how
The Godhead’s most benignant grace;                         we should live, and although she is
                                                            strict, she represents the naturally
Nor know we any thing so fair                               beneficial grace of God. These laws
As is the smile upon thy face;                              are only able to be read by the
                                                            human heart. So only by listening to
Flowers laugh before thee on their beds;                    one’s heart can one truly be
And Fragrance in thy footing treads;                        following the natural laws set down
                                                            by ‘Duty’, and the only way to do
Thou dost preserve the Stars from wrong;                    that is by following ‘Duty’.
And the most ancient Heavens through •                      Lines 5-8 The flowers and stars are
                                                            evident of this quality in that the
Thee are fresh and strong.                                  flowers produce fragrances and the
                                                            stars don’t roam about the heavens.
WW is saying that ‘Duty’ made all of the natural laws that humans should abide by. Evidence
              of this is the flowers and stars who remain wherever ‘Duty’ is.
                               Stanza 8
To humbler functions, awful Power!                     •   Line 1 In order to follow ‘Duty’, one
                                                           must be humble.
I call thee: I myself commend                          •   Lines 2-4 This is WW’s plea to ‘Duty’.
Unto thy guidance from this hour;                          He wants her to guide him so that she
                                                           can bring his weaknesses to an end.
Oh! let my weakness have an end!                           He is self-sacrificing himself.
Give unto me, made lowly wise,                         •   Lines 5-8 WW wants to live in the
                                                           ‘spirit of self-sacrifice’, and he wants
The spirit of self-sacrifice;                              the ‘confidence of reason’ and he
The confidence of reason give;                             finally wants to live in the ‘light of
                                                           truth’. Becoming a Bondman to ‘Duty’
And in the light of truth thy Bondman                      frees the heart and mind and allows
                                                           one to follow one’s true self, the soul.
let me live!
WW is declaring his allegiance to ‘Duty’ so that she can let his weaknesses have an end. With
           ‘Duty’s’ help he will be able to find and follow his true self in his soul.
                 Background Info
• WW wrote ‘Ode to Duty’ in 1805. Some say that writing this
  poem was the turning point in WW’s career as it acts as the
  start of a new state of mind for him. Events before and after
  writing this poem confirm this. Thus WW is the narrator.
• It was written during the peak of the French Revolution lead
  by Napoleon Bonaparte, so WW was exposed to the poor
  treatment of the French people by Bonaparte. This sparked a
  new conservative political view.
• In February 1805, WW’s brother John drowned in a
  shipwreck. This hit him very hard and further influenced a
  change in his mindset.
• There are 8 stanzas, with 8 lines in each
• All the lines are of similar length, however the last line of each
  stanza seems to be the longest in the stanza. This may be
  because the last line in each stanza, generally helps to
  summarise the stanza, and leads it onto the next one.
• The rhyme scheme is ABABCCDD throughout the whole poem
• There are 8 syllables in each of the first 7 lines of each stanza,
  however the last line of each stanza has either 12 or 13
  syllables. This is a rather clear pattern and fits in with the fact
  that the last line in each stanza is summarising the stanza, and
  leading it onto the next one.
• There are 2 prominent themes in this poem.
• Freedom
• Childhood/Youth
• They are connected in that they relate to WW’s
  beliefs in God & Heaven and all that they represent.
• They also connect to each other in that the youth
  mindset is such that they feel they are immortal and
  have an ultimate freedom.
• There is no such thing as freedom without obedience.
• Previously, WW had been an enthusiast of ‘unchartered
  freedom’, known as ‘the dungeon of Ignorance’, in which he
  simply did as he liked.
• WW’s ‘unchartered freedom’ seems to be a mindset that is
  most prevalent in youth: unsuspecting, unbiased and naïve.

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